Python Tutorial



Python Tutorial

Python PIP


In this tutorial, we aim to address the question, what is PIP in Python? Professionals eager to dive deeper into Python's tools will explore PIP, the package management system that often goes unnoticed by novices but remains invaluable to experts. PIP is not just about installing packages; it's about fortifying your Python development endeavors, ensuring streamlined integration of vast libraries, and making the management of third-party tools a breeze.


To answer the question, ”What is PIP in Python?”, Python's PIP, standing for "Pip Installs Packages", plays a pivotal role in software development. For beginners, its importance might not be immediately clear, but for seasoned Python developers, PIP is indispensable. It acts as a vital bridge to the Python Package Index (PyPI), easing the path for developers by simplifying the task of installing, managing, and upgrading Python packages.

It's more than just a tool; it's an ally that ensures an efficient, hassle-free, and powerful workflow, allowing developers to fully leverage Python's extensive ecosystem and accelerate their project's development. In this tutorial, we’ll delve deeper into the nuances of PIP.

What is Python PIP?

In the vast realm of Python development, PIP stands tall as an indispensable tool, streamlining numerous facets of package management. While the primary perception of PIP is that of a package installer, it goes way beyond that, offering a suite of features that bolsters the efficiency of Python developers.

Package Management with PIP

Python's reputation as a versatile language owes much to its extensive range of libraries and tools. Here, PIP takes center stage:




Facilitates effortless integration of new Python packages into the development environment.


Grants developers the power to declutter their projects by removing superfluous or obsolete packages.

Version Control

No more compatibility issues. PIP lets you tailor package versions as per project requirements.

Upgrading Packages

Empower projects with the latest features, optimizations, and security updates through PIP's upgrading capabilities.

PIP and PyPI: A Symbiotic Association

A crucial aspect of PIP's prowess lies in its symbiotic relationship with the Python Package Index (PyPI). To newcomers, PyPI can be likened to an expansive app store, but tailored explicitly for Python tools and libraries. PIP acts as a bridge to this vast repository, ensuring developers can effortlessly fetch and integrate the most apt packages.


Role in Python Development

Package Directory Reference

Serves as the go-to intermediary connecting developers directly to the treasures of PyPI.

Dependency Resolution

Beyond merely fetching packages, PIP excels in understanding the intricate web of dependencies, ensuring that each required package is onboarded, making project setups pain-free.

Empowering Projects with Consistency

When managing large projects or collaborating with teams, code consistency becomes paramount. Here, PIP's version control steps in, allowing teams to pinpoint specific package versions, be it for installing, upgrading, or even downgrading. This ensures that every member works with the same tools, streamlining development and debugging processes.

How to Install PIP in Python?

Python's pip (Pip Installs Packages) is a package manager that comes pre-installed with Python 3.4 and later versions. If you have Python 3.4 or newer installed, you should already have pip available. You can check if pip is installed by running the following command in your terminal or command prompt:

pip --version

If pip is not installed or you want to upgrade to the latest version, you can follow these steps to install or upgrade pip:

If you're using Python 2.x, you should consider upgrading to Python 3.x, as Python 2.x is no longer supported.

Here are the steps for Windows:

1. Install Python: If you don't already have Python installed, download the latest version of Python from the downloads section of Python’s official website.

During installation, make sure to check the option "Add Python X.X to PATH." This will ensure that Python is added to your system's PATH environment variable, making it easier to run Python and pip from the command prompt.

2. Verify Python Installation: After installation, open a command prompt and verify that Python is installed by running:

python --version

3. Upgrade Pip (Optional):

If you wish to upgrade pip to the latest version, run the following command:

python -m pip install --upgrade pip

4. Verify Pip Installation: To verify that pip is installed and upgraded correctly, run:

pip --version

Now you have Python and pip installed on your Windows system.

Here are the steps for Linux:

Python is often pre-installed on Linux systems. However, you can follow these steps to ensure that pip is installed or to upgrade it:

1. Check Python Version: Open a terminal and check your Python version by running:

python --version

If you have Python 3.4 or newer, you should have pip pre-installed.

2. Install Pip (if not already installed): Run the following command to install pip if it's not already installed:

sudo apt-get install python3-pip  # For Debian/Ubuntu


sudo yum install python3-pip  # For CentOS/Fedora


sudo dnf install python3-pip  # For newer Fedora versions

3. Upgrade Pip (Optional): To upgrade pip to the latest version, use the following command:

python3 -m pip install --upgrade pip

4. Verify Pip Installation: Verify that pip is installed and upgraded correctly:

pip --version

On macOS, you can install or upgrade pip using the Terminal and the python3 command, as macOS usually comes with Python 2.x pre-installed. Here are the steps for macOS:

1. Check Python Version: Open a Terminal and check your Python version by running:

python3 --version

Ensure that you have Python 3.x installed. If not, you can download and install it from the Python Downloads page.

2. Install or Upgrade Pip:

  • If Python 3.x is installed but pip is not, you can use the following command to install pip:

python3 -m ensurepip --default-pip

  • If Python 3.x is installed and you want to upgrade pip, upgrade pip to the latest version by running:

python3 -m pip install --upgrade pip

3. Verify Pip Installation: To verify that pip is installed or upgraded correctly, run:

pip3 --version

You should see the version of pip displayed in the Terminal.

Once you have pip installed or upgraded on any of your macOS/Windows/Linux systems, you are ready to use pip for managing Python packages and libraries for your projects.

Installing Packages with Python PIP

When you install a package using pip, it connects to the Python Package Index (PyPI) to retrieve the package and its dependencies. For example, to install the popular "requests" library used for making HTTP requests, you simply run:

pip install requests

Behind the scenes, pip will download the latest version of the "requests" package and install it in your Python environment. Installing packages via PIP in Python will also take care of any required dependencies.

Specifying Package Versions Using PIP  

In some cases, you may need to install a specific version of a package. This can be crucial for maintaining compatibility with your project's requirements. To do this, specify the desired version using double equal signs (==):

pip install requests==2.26.0

By specifying the version, you ensure that your project uses a known and tested version of the package.

Displaying Package Information Using PIP

pip show is a helpful command to retrieve detailed information about a package that is already installed in your Python environment. For example:

pip show requests

This command provides information such as the package name, version, location on your system, and even metadata like the package's author and license. For example, pip version check helps you learn if a package’s version is compatible with your project.

Getting a List of Locally Installed Python Modules Using PIP

To see a comprehensive list of packages that are currently installed in your Python environment, you can use the pip list command:

pip list

This command displays a list of installed packages along with their version numbers. It's useful for verifying which packages are available in your environment.

Uninstalling Packages with PIP

If you no longer need a package, you can uninstall it using the pip uninstall command:

pip uninstall requests

This will remove the "requests" package from your Python environment. Be cautious when uninstalling packages, as it can affect the functionality of your projects.

Searching Packages with PIP

pip search allows you to search for packages available on PyPI. For example, to search for packages related to data analysis, you can use:

pip search data analysis

This command displays a list of packages that match the search query along with brief descriptions. It's helpful for discovering new packages for your projects.

Using Requirement files with PIP

A requirements.txt file is a common way to specify project dependencies and their versions. You can create a requirements.txt file with a list of packages and their versions:



Then, you can install all the listed packages and their versions in one go:

pip install -r requirements.txt

This approach simplifies dependency management and makes it easier to share the required packages with others working on your project.

Upgrading Packages with PIP  

To ensure that you have the latest versions of packages, you can use the --upgrade or -U option with pip install:

pip install --upgrade requests

This command will upgrade the "requests" package to the latest version available on PyPI. It's essential for keeping your project up to date with the latest features and bug fixes.

Downgrading Packages with Python PIP

Occasionally, you may need to install a specific older version of a package. This can be done by specifying the desired version:

pip install requests==2.25.1

By specifying the version number, you ensure that your project uses a known and tested version of the package, even if a newer version is available.


As we've traversed through this tutorial, the imperative role of PIP in the Python ecosystem becomes undeniable. It's not just a tool; it's a cornerstone for every Python developer, bridging the gap between vast libraries and individual projects. With PIP, accessing and managing the extensive repository of Python packages from PyPI becomes seamless.

For professionals, understanding PIP is the same as grasping the very foundation of Python development. Remember, as the landscape of software development evolves, so do the tools and best practices. Continuing on this journey of upskilling becomes essential. And if you found this insight into PIP valuable, consider delving deeper into upGrad's range of courses tailored for professionals eager to reach the zenith of their career.


1. Why is the use of PIP in Python crucial?

PIP isn't just about installing packages; it's a comprehensive tool for Python development. By seamlessly managing the addition, updating, and organization of Python libraries, PIP becomes the linchpin that ensures a consistent, efficient, and effective development process, eliminating many package-related roadblocks.

2. How can I check my PIP version in Python?

To gauge which version of PIP you're operating on, you simply need to input pip --version into your terminal or command prompt. In response, you will be provided with a concise display, delineating the specific PIP version installed on your system, helping you manage updates or compatibility.

3. What is the PIP full form Python?

PIP, an acronym for "Pip Installs Packages," is an emblematic representation of its quintessential role in Python's vast ecosystem. By its very name, it underscores the ease and simplicity with which Python packages can be managed, installed, and updated, giving developers a streamlined experience.

4. Is there a distinction between PIP install python 3 and earlier versions?

Absolutely. Python 3, in many distributions, arrives with PIP already embedded, thus sparing users from manual installations. An evident marker of this is the 'pip3' command, tailored specifically for Python 3 operations, ensuring clarity between versions and their respective package management.

5. Can I install packages in Python without PIP?

PIP is undeniably a staple in the Python community, but it's not an exclusive path. Alternative solutions, like Conda, have sprung up, catering to niche sectors, such as the data science domain. Such tools provide specialized environments and package management, expanding the horizons for developers.

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