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    Fundamentals of Journalism Course Overview

    What is journalism?

    Journalism is the practice of collecting, evaluating, preparing, and presenting information and news. It is also referred to as collecting and filtering information, editing it, and giving it context. The mainstream global population depends on journalism to stay informed. The purpose of journalism is to serve citizens with the information they require to make the best possible decisions regarding their lives, societies, communities, and governments.

    People who work in the field of journalism are referred as journalists. They may work for magazines, newspapers, TV or radio stations, and websites. Journalism is unique because it’s a one-way story or message conveyed from the Journalist to the audience. Journalists work on both subjective and objective stories. They produce stories based on their discoveries and observation. Advocating on issues and working on editorial pieces also includes in their scope of work. The fundamentals of journalism imply that it is primarily based on storytelling which may be in various forms like breaking news, investigative reports, feature stories, editorials, reviews, and blogs.

    Journalism serves various roles; the foremost one is to inform the public. Being an open medium, the targeted audience incorporates the public or the whole community. After the Journalist reports the information, that information is accessible to all. Therefore, Journalism is a vital component of a democratic society. It keeps the citizens well-informed on issues impacting their government, communities, and daily dealings.

    Everybody wants to be informed of cutting-edge development in today's fast-paced life. Journalism helps people in keeping track of the latest happenings around them. With the rising popularity of social media, Journalism is expanding itself through various means. The ability to get all the reliable and relevant information makes it a desirable career. The 24-hour news cycles have transformed the work dynamic of journalism. Essentially, deadlines that may have been once in 24 hours are now continuous.

    To learn journalism, you need to begin by pursuing a suitable diploma or undergraduate course in your area of interest. Various journalism courses are available, ranging from journalism and mass communication to entertainment.Although all journalism programs' curricula are

    different, all of them share one similar characteristic, i.e., collecting relevant and reliable information and facts.

    Journalism comes in various forms:

    forms of journalism
    • Breaking news: Informs about an event as soon as it happens.

    • Enterprise or Investigative stories: Stories revealing information few people knew.

    • Feature stories: A comprehensive look at something interesting but not breaking news.

    • Editorials: Unsigned articles that describe a publication's opinion.

    • Columns: Signed articles that describe the writer's reporting and their conclusions.

    • Reviews: Description of places or events. Examples: restaurant, concert, or movie reviews.

    Online journalism is available in different forms listed below:

    • Blogs: Online diaries maintained by individuals or small groups.

    • Wikis: Articles that any reader can add to or modify.

    • Discussion boards: Online question and answer pages where anybody can participate.

    What kind of journalism courses are there?

    Being familiar with the fundamentals of journalism is not adequate. You should be familiar with the types of journalism courses available. The following section shows all the courses related to journalism at the diploma, PG diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate levels.


    List of various diploma and PG Diploma courses in Journalism:



    Diploma in Journalism

    1 year

    Diploma in Creative Multimedia and Journalism

    2 years

    Diploma in Creative Media Production (Broadcast Journalism)

    1-2 years

    Diploma in Photojournalism

    1-2 years

    Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication

    1-2 years

    PGD in Journalism

    1 year

    PG Diploma in Print & Broadcast Journalism

    1 year

    PG Diploma in Radio and TV Journalism

    1 year

    PG Diploma in Acting

    1 year

    PG Diploma in Direction & Screenplay Writing

    1 year

    PG Diploma in Editing, Sound Recording & Design

    1 year


    List of various Bachelor’s level degree courses in Journalism:



    Bachelor in Journalism and Mass Communication (BJMC)

    3 year

    Bachelor of Mass Media

    3-4 years

    BA in Journalism

    3 years

    BA in Convergent Journalism

    3 years

    Bachelor of Mass Communication (BMC)

    3 years

    Bachelors in Sports Journalism

    3 years

    Bachelor of Media Science

    3 years

    BA Journalism, Film and Television Studies

    3 years

    BA Journalism and Communication

    3 years

    BA (Hons) Journalism and Publishing

    3 years

    BA (Hons) Magazine Journalism

    3 years

    BSc Media Communication and Journalism

    3 years

    BA (Hons) Cultural Studies and Media with Journalism

    3 years

    BA in Script Writing

    3 years

    BA (Hons) Photojournalism

    3 years


    List of various Master’s level and Ph.D. courses in Journalism:



    Master of Journalism

    2 years

    Masters of Photojournalism

    2 years

    Masters of Journalism and Mass Communication

    2 years

    Masters of Advertising and Journalism

    2 years

    Masters of Public Relations

    2 years

    Masters of Photojournalism

    2 years

    Masters of Mass Communication

    2 years

    Masters of Mass Media

    2 years

    MA in Journalism and Communication

    2 years

    MA in Broadcast Journalism

    2 years

    MA in Entertainment, Media, and Advertisement

    2 years

    MA in Multimedia

    2 years

    M.Sc. in Journalism and Mass Communication

    2  years

    M.Sc in Television and Film Production

    2 years

    MPhil in Journalism and Mass Communication

    2  years

    Ph.D. in Journalism and Mass Communication

    3-6 years

    Note: Apart from the courses above, various short certification and short-term journalismcourses are offered by different online platforms like Udemy, Coursera, Alison, etc. Moreover, some institutes or universities in India offer Journalism courses at the certification level.

    Notable specialisations for Journalism courses:

    journalisation specialization
    • Sports Journalism

    • Design Journalism

    • Photograph Journalism

    • Insightful Journalism

    • Communicate Journalism

    • Business and Financial Journalism

    • Mixed media Journalism

    • Article Writing

    • Print Journalism

    What are the essential skills required to become a journalist?

    A knowledgeable and skilled Journalist can stand out from the crowd and attract decent career opportunities. When you learn journalism, the course imparts with fundamentals of journalism that can help you embark on this career. However, to sustain well in this career, you must be exceptionally skilled. The blend of exceptional skills and experience will help you advance your career graph. 

    The journalism training in various journalism classes is only effective if the students thoroughly learn and practice them.  If you are exceptionally skilled, you can bring a positive change in the general public's lives.

    The top journalism courses equip the students with the following key skills:

    key skills for students
    • Integrity:

    Good journalists should possess integrity and a solid ethical core. They should have their audience’s trust to succeed. They should be able to build every story based on objectivity, fairness, and honesty.  Their key responsibility is to report accurately and convey reliable data to the public. 

    • Communication Skills:

    Without powerful communication skills, Journalists are inefficient. They need to interview sources and write in-depth reports and stories frequently. They must have verbal and non-verbal skills to effectively communicate with people belonging to different ages, cultures, traditions, etc.  Moreover, they should have exceptional writing skills that help them to report their collected information effectively.

    Fluency in English or the specific regional language is a must. They should be able to freely and impressively express their opinions. Furthermore, they should be convincing enough while asking questions so that people can comprehensively explain the event. 

    • Courageous:

    Part of the Journalists’ job involves asking questions and diving deep into topics. Without courage, they can’t effectively interview people and thus can’t get the exact know-how of the event.  In the absence of courage, they can’t speak boldly and can’t convince their opinions. Personal feelings should be put aside to reveal the truth. While interviewing, they must not be swayed away by any specific religion, tradition, or culture. 

    • Tech-Savviness:

    Journalists need to use social media for real-time reporting and to provide clear coverage of an event. They must know how to smartly search the Internet to fact check and access public records required for reporting a story. Furthermore, they should be capable of making the most of the social media tools in less time.

    • Analytical thinking:

    Analytical thinking allows Journalists to base their stories on fact rather than emotion. They should be equipped with sound judgmental skills and critical thinking skills. Even under strict deadlines, they should hone these skills to report stories accurately and validate that all information they have discovered is true.

    • Curiosity:

    Good journalists love to read and learn as much as possible about the assigned topic. If they are not curious, they can’t dedicate their full efforts to collecting and assessing the information.

    Other essential skills Journalists should have:-

    • Composition, editing, and research aptitudes

    • Interpersonal abilities

    • Enthusiasm for solving governmental and social issues

    • Reliability and honesty

    • Initiative and group working abilities

    • Meeting aptitudes

    • Communicating thoughts and conclusion

    • Fundamentals of computer

    • The flexibility of travelling to different places

    Which qualifications do I need to take a journalism course?

    Whichever journalism programs you have shortlisted to pursue, you need to remember the following points to take a journalism course:

    • Candidates should complete their 10+2 with at least 50% marks from any stream.

    • The 10+2 must be passed by a recognised state/central board of education.

    • Candidates from SC/ST or other reserved categories attain a relaxation of 5% marks.

    • Some universities/ colleges have the criteria of English as a compulsory subject in 10+2.

    • For pursuing a master's degree in Journalism, candidates must hold a bachelor's degree in Journalism and Mass Communication with at least 50% marks.

    • For pursuing PG Diploma programs in Journalism, candidates must have scored at least 45% marks in graduation.

    How long are diploma courses in journalism?

    The course duration of diploma journalism courses varies from college to college. The typical duration is up to 2 years.

    Is it worth getting a journalism qualification?

    All journalism courses equip the students with the ability to collect news and information from different sources and effectively present it to the public.  A journalism qualification is worthwhile because it not only presents varied job opportunities but also keeps the professional informed about the events happening across the nation.

    Moreover, all the job profiles keep the Journalists engaged and active throughout their duty. Hence, it constantly encourages them while working.

    Journalism graduates can explore their careers in various areas, including newspaper and Magazine publishing houses, Web distributing houses, Television/Radio stations, NGOs, and Corporate Sector (PR). Completing an online certificate course in journalism or part-time journalism courses can also help graduate students to learn journalism and continue their job simultaneously.


    The below list of job opportunities and profiles justifies the worth of this qualification:

    • Photojournalist

    • News Presenter

    • Translator

    • Creative Designer

    • Camera Manager

    • Researcher

    • Set Manager

    • TV News Reporter

    • Newspaper Reporter News Editor

    • News Director

    • Content Developer

    • Proofreader

    • Digital Media Journalist

    • Columnist

    • Print Media Work Profiles

    • Correspondent

    • Promoting authority

    • Specialised essayist/author

    • Editorial manager

    • Independent Correspondent

    • Investigator

    • Partner Editor

    • Picture taker

    • Electronic Media work profiles

    • News Anchor

    • Television Producer

    • Magazine Editor (E-Magazines)

    • Picture taker

    • Storyteller

    • Grapple

    • News analyst

    • Correspondent

    • Radio/Television Announcer

    • Creation Assistant

    • Station Manager (Radio and TV

    Basic overview of what's covered in a journalism course

    The following section highlights the fundamentals of journalism:


    1. Editing and publishing:

    People are unaware of the significance of news editing. Laymen may consider that newspaper reports may have to collect enough news material to fill up their newspaper columns. Good editing is crucial for a good report. Generally, knowledgeable editors try their best to enhance the effort made by their reporters. They provide a good headline and enhance the report’s phraseology to make it impressive.

    A good sub-editor or copy editor can improve the phrasing of the stories. With editing skills, they can make the stories read better by shortening or lengthening the sentences, improving the vocabulary, or rearranging the paragraphs.

    Once the piece is edited, the next important task is to publish it.  Publishing provides visibility in the field. It ensures the prepared content can easily reach the general public, and they can easily understand it.

    Most journalism programs have a module on editing and publishing in Journalism.

    2. Writing articles:

    writing a report

    Unlike writing an essay, writing for a magazine, newspaper, or online publication is way different.  Thorough research is the key requirement for writing articles. Journalists need to be clear with their points and then follow with details. The readers may get bored if they save all the interesting information for a climax at the end.

    Writing Journalistic articles has a prime purpose, i.e., attracting readers to a print media, website, or broadcaster.  It allows the owners to earn money, typically by selling the advertising space. Writing interesting news and stories hooks up the readers and also keeps advertisers satisfied. Therefore, Journalists are skilled at recognising good stories and telling the stories in a way that fascinates readers.

    The steps Journalists follow while writing articles:

    (i) Collection of all required information-

    This is the first step in writing the story. It is necessary to be familiar with all the facts from various angles. Usually, Journalists spend time ‘on site’ interviewing people to know what happened and how the events impacted them.


    (ii) Verification of all sources used-

    It is imperative to establish your information's value, i.e., whether it’s true or not.


    (iii) Setup your angle-

    The next step is to establish your story ‘angle’ to make it easy to understand.


    (iv)Writing an impressive opening paragraph-

    The article’s opening paragraph informs readers about why they must read on.  It should summarise the five Ws of the story: who, why, what, where, and when.


    (v) Writing the headline-

    It is essential to summarise the article in a few words to ensure that you are clear about the story.

    (vi) The ‘inverted pyramid’ structure-

    Journalists begin writing their articles with the most important information (in the opening paragraph) and then move on with more detail. The last section conveys more information for anybody interested.


    (vii) Editing

    The journalistic writing process’ last step is to edit the work before sending it for publishing meticulously. Generally, media outlets and newsrooms hire professional editors to check all copies before submission. Journalists are also tasked with checking their work before submission to ensure zero errors.


    3. Law and ethics:

    Journalism Law and ethics focus on responsible journalism. They strongly bias the argument that the media doesn’t violate, and doesn’t abuse individuals or groups of society.

    The key topics addressed by Ethics in Journalism are fundamental principles of ethics, fairness and accuracy, diversity, conflict of interest, relations with the sources, fraud, privacy, photojournalism, etc.

    Journalism Ethics defines what is correct. It sets the norms, regulations, codes, and orientations that guide the journalists to work humanly. By defending ethics, self-regulation must define a set of rules. These rules are almost identical across various parts of the world. Journalists are required to meticulously work in conformity with the set rules and agree with the freedom of media.

    The Journalism laws provide guidance and a reference when making ethical decisions. So, it is essential to note that there is no moral principle that fulfils “one size fits all.” Occasionally, situations that need decisions that drive the standard ethical responses to the other side may arise.


    4. Reporting

    types of reporting

    Depending on the topic and nature of news, Journalists work on any of the following types of reporting:

    • Objective Reporting

    • Interpretative Reporting

    • Investigative Reporting

    • Crime Reporting

    Objective Reporting:

    The reporting without purpose is meaningless. Reporters must be a storyteller. They should tell the story objectively and reliably, without mixing it with comments or personal opinions. They should be impartial and fair in presenting the story.

    Some people claim that it is impossible to achieve complete objectivity. The reporters are human beings with certain feelings, ideas, opinions, attitudes, and prejudices. All these characteristics are revealed in the news story. Objective Reporting implies that the report must try to rise above all these characteristics and tell the facts they collected.

    The reporter should remember that facts are sacred. They should check and cross-check the collected facts from various sources until they are verified. Subsequently, they can write the story. Objective reporting implies reporting free from prejudice or personal bias. The top journalism courses include training on reporting and its types.


    Interpretative Reporting:

    This form of reporting interprets facts. The reporters try to balance the writing with the causes and meanings of development. They provide the information as well as an interpretation of its importance. They use their understanding and experience to give the reader an idea of an event’s background and the possible outcomes. Apart from their knowledge and research, they also consider the opinions of specialists to support the report effectively.


    Investigative Reporting:

    All types of reporting demand investigation. In this form of reporting, the reporter dives deep into the investigation. They conduct exhaustive research beyond the facts mentioned in the hard news. Investigative reporting ensures the integrity of society is free from corruption.

    Investigative reporters must base their report on incontrovertible facts instead of lies and half-truths. They should be cautious of lobbies and lobbyists-political or commercial attempting to misguide them. Moreover, they should not work like a prosecutor. The best investigative reporting is the one that focuses on the public interest. For that, it may highlight an injustice, corrupt practices, or dishonest politicians and administrators.

    Three components of investigating reporting:

    • The report has to be the original work of the reporter. Under no circumstance should it be derived from others.

    • The reporter must never try t to conceal the truth from the people.

    • The subject should be important for the readers to know.

    Crime Reporting:

    General reporters or Journalists are not suitable for crime reporting. Special reporters are required to report crimes. Crime reporting is the subset of objective, investigative and interpretative reporting. Usually, the public is greatly interested in crime stories, and the newspapers can’t ignore them without damaging their credibility and circulation. Certain newspapers had tried to discard crime reporting from their columns. However, that proved disadvantageous, and they soon included crime reporting.

    Crime Reporting requires a code of conduct to be followed. It should avoid resorting to sensationalism to gain the readers’ attention. Moreover, it should neither overwhelm news of public interest nor should try to settle personal scores with lawyers or police officers, or judges. Crime reporting should be carried out such that it doesn’t pointlessly assault a person’s privacy.

    Crime news includes accidents, fires, burglaries, robberies, murders, fraud,  blackmail, rape, and kidnapping.

    Courses in journalism

    It is essential to comprehend education for journalists to pave a career in journalism. The following section highlights all the important courses prevalent in Journalism.


    1. Bachelor’s degree in journalism:

    The typical duration of a bachelor’s level degree in journalism programs is three years. A bachelor's degree in journalism trains students for roles like broadcasters, reporters, and media production professionals. The programs include introductory coursework in communication, English, and storytelling. In these programs, students learn online, visual, and written media while improving their hard and soft skills required to flourish in the field.

    While studying for a bachelor's degree in journalism, students learn topics like multiculturalism and the media, interviewing techniques, and communication ethics. Some of these programs also teach copy editing, media relations, and advertising. Furthermore, these degree programs also cover experiential learning opportunities, including internships, to provide graduates with a competitive edge in the existing job market.

    List of key skills aspirants should have to pursue Bachelor’s degree course in journalism:

    • Keen observation

    • Discipline

    • Inquisitiveness

    • Good perception

    • Intellectually curious

    • General Awareness

    • Self-motivated

    • Fluent in language

    • Good writing skills

    • Good judgmental skills

    • Good time management

    • Logical

    • Clear-headed

    • Organised

    • Confident

    • Alert

    • Creative

    1.1 BA (Hons) Journalism, Media, and Cultural Studies:

    BA (Hons) Journalism, Media, and Cultural Studies is a 3-year bachelor’s level program in Journalism.

    In the first year of this program, students are introduced to the key themes in media, culture, and journalism using the in-depth study of the practices and theory of cinema, newspapers, television, popular music, the Internet, and other media practices. Moreover, in the first year of this program, students are engaged in workshops and discussions. A module is dedicated to introducing students to the essential skills of Journalism.

    In the second year, students explore the relationship between audiences and media, the reach of international media, the power of media institutions, and the significance of digital media. Specialist training in media research skills is also provided. Students can choose from work experience or optional modules in journalism.

    In their final year, students will have to complete an obligatory dissertation on a topic of their choice. Moreover, they need to choose multiple modules that reveal the expertise they have attained.

    The list of subjects covered in all three years of this degree program:


    First Year - BA (Hons) Journalism, Media, and Cultural Studies degree:

    • Journalism Practice

    • Journalism Studies

    • Contemporary Popular Television

    • Musical Cultures

    • Introduction to Media Theory

    • Understanding Communication in the Creative and Cultural Industries

    Second Year - BA (Hons) Journalism, Media, and Cultural Studies degree:

    • Media Audiences & Fandom

    • Researching Media, Culture & Communication

    • Journalism & Society

    • Digital Media & Society

    • Consumer Cultures

    • Social, Digital, Mobile Story Production (Optional)

    • Broadcast Journalism (Optional)

    • Work Experience (Optional)

    Third Year - BA (Hons) Journalism, Media, and Cultural Studies degree:

    • Media & Culture

    • Gender and the Media

    • International Media

    • TV Drama

    • Creative Industries Professional Practice

    • Dissertation

    Note that the syllabus may differ somewhat when you pursue this program via the journalism courses online option.


    1.2 BA (Hons) Journalism and Communication:

    For pursuing this 3-year undergraduate journalism and mass communication course, the minimum eligibility is the 12th class from a recognized school board or the equivalent exam. Admission to this degree program depends on the candidate’s performance in a relevant entrance exam and a round of counselling.

    This mass media and communication course covers the study and analysis of the constituents of mass media, including newspapers, magazines, television, radio, cinema films, etc., to convey information to the people. Also, it incorporates the study of techniques to collect and distribute the news and spread general awareness among the public via print and electronic media. Generally, this program deals with teaching and photographing in the context of writing, editing, reporting, etc. You can also pick one of the online mass communication courses to benefit from convenience and flexibility.

    The Bachelor’s degree course unlocks employment opportunities in journalism and other fields, including TV and films, publishing, public relations, editing, direction, filmmaking, advertising, scriptwriting, etc. Career opportunities after completing this program are high paying and ensure better job satisfaction. These graduates can get a chance to work in the Press Information Bureau, Broadcasting Corporations, Legal Affairs Department, Advertising Agencies, Photography Companies, Central Information Service, etc.


    1.3 BSc (Hons) Sports Broadcast Journalism:

    This degree program imparts the latest techniques in video, digital, and broadcast sports journalism. After completing it, you can embark on your career as a sports journalist for leading multimedia sports platforms like BBC Sport, Sky Sports News, or national newspapers. Moreover, you can join the media teams of Formula One teams, Premier League clubs, or golf's European Tour.  To save time and benefit from flexibility, you can choose one of the online broadcast journalism courses.


    2. Master’s degree in journalism:

    A full-time student can usually earn a master's degree in journalism in two years. Part-time learners usually earn this degree in 3-4 years. You can pursue these journalism courses after graduation.

    The curriculum of a Master's degree in journalism covers more complex journalism topics than a bachelor's degree program. Consequently, it helps journalism professionals to develop specialities. Moreover, these Master’s degree programs in journalism impart practical experiences and project learning to help students build a professional portfolio.

    Students are taught business reporting, public relations, and emerging media technologies. Hence, they can focus on explicit media formats, learn various types of journalism, or work towards becoming journalism instructors.


    2.1 MA Multimedia Journalism:

    This course is created to equip students with all the essential skills and knowledge required to work in the varied and fast-changing environment of modern journalism and media.

    Its core units provide a robust foundation in the practice and principles of good journalism. Students are taught how to cover stories for the Web, print, radio, and TV. Also, they are taught how to adjust a story from one medium to another.

    This Master’s degree program also offers an option to graduate with a specialisation in broadcast journalism. This option is for people who want to take the relevant broadcast journalism optional units and generate a final project in broadcast journalism.

    Talented media professionals with connections and backgrounds in radio and BBC TV, local/regional/national newspapers, and online news teach the curriculum of this course. Hence, students are assured of learning at the frontiers of industry philosophy and practice. With the outstanding placement opportunities, students have the chance to develop their industry connections. As a result, it introduces them to a practical working environment and enhances their employability.


    3 Ph.D. program in journalism:

    A doctorate in journalism highlights the multidisciplinary facets of people, media, and communication. Its coursework emphasises the relationships between media and people, how media works in social and political contexts, and the role of journalism in history and current culture. Students also do research work for presenting a dissertation.

    Usually, the Ph.D. program in journalism can last up to three years. However, certain students may take up four years or more. Ph.D. holders in this field can pursue careers as entrepreneurs, journalism professors, and multimedia company executives.

    The key emphasis of the program is to research the selected topic and to equip students with teaching skills. It is essential to note that for eligibility, the candidates must possess a Master's degree in Journalism and Mass Communication with an aggregate of 55%. Certain colleges may demand candidates to appear for entrance exams. In that case, candidates may be invited for group discussions or personal interviews. Some famous entrance exams for getting into a Ph.D. program in journalism include NET, LPU NEST, SEAT, and more.

    This program covers some basic subjects like Theory of Culture and Media, Freedom of Expression Theory, Law and Ethics of Telecommunication, etc. Note that each college provides its own electives to the students. Moreover, the students are also provided research training during the course.

    Completing the course presents employment opportunities in journalism, media, education, and the writing industry. With the completion of this course, students can go for post-doctoral fellowships.

    Various job profiles for graduates of the Ph.D. program in journalism include Writer, Professor, Editor, Reporter, Public Relations Executive, Communication Executive, Researcher, etc. Generally, the average salary of these job roles can vary from 4-6 lac per annum.

    Why is an online Journalism Course better than an Offline Journalism Course?

    The following points justify the benefits of pursuing online journalism courses compared to offline courses:



    Several bloggers and content marketers specialise in a specific subject or industry. However, those who have established a journalistic approach to writing know how to switch gears rapidly. This means that well-versed journalists are flexible in their job roles. It is quite common to find journalists who are generalists who can cover a broad range of topics. They can delve deep into any topic and gather all essential information.

    If you pursue one of the journalism courses online, you will effectively develop flexibility. You become familiar and experienced with writing and developing pitches and story ideas. Furthermore, you will outshine at ideation, a skill that all content strategy teams must own.


    Continuing to develop a reporting resume:

    One of the crucial benefits of online journalism training is that the degree allows the students to continue developing their reporting resumes. The reason is that online education doesn’t mandate students to attend any on-campus activities. As an alternative, that time they can dedicate to a full-time job that can enhance the resume and the reporter’s marketability. Subsequently, they would be able to graduate with equally remarkable educational credentials and experience.  Hence, a digital journalism course saves time as well as helps you build your reporting resume simultaneously.


    Helps in covering costs:

    The first thing many interested candidates think about before enrolling in any course is the course fees.  The price of offline Journalism courses is high. But pursuing a Journalism course through online journalism classes will allow students to generate income simultaneously. Although their job may not be related to the reporting, the fact that they can put up with a consistent level of earnings will make it easier to pay the fees. Furthermore, it will also equip them with transferable skills in the context of budgeting and expenditure prioritisation.


    Equal Recognition

    The best journalism course in online mode can provide equal recognition as that of an offline course. One of the most prevalent misconceptions is whether an online Journalism degree will be equally reputed as the offline one. Many students who are doubtful about earning their journalism certification degree on the Internet are concerned about the recognition of such programs. However, many employers view the online journalism degree as more challenging than the offline one.            


    Unlike the offline Journalism college programs, journalism free courses help save all your materials and performance records on the Internet. Choosing reliable free online journalism courses with certificate will provide you accessibility to your material and also reward you with a certification at the course completion.

    Students seldom need to carry physical copies of textbooks and other essential materials. They will only require Internet-enabled gadgets to get into the journalism classes.

    Journalism Course Syllabus

    • Fundamentals of Journalism

    • History of Journalism

    • Art of Writing & Editing

    • Writing for Media

    • Editing Techniques     

    • Reporting Methods

    • Introduction to Mass Communication

    • Mobile & Data Journalism

    • Media Laws & Indian Constitution       

    • Media Management 

    • Advertising & Public Relations

    • Basic Audio-Visual Media        

    • Radio Journalism & Production

    • Radio Broadcasting     

    • Television Journalism & Production

    • Media, Society & Development Environment & Media  

    • Media Criticism

    • Internet & New Media Magazine Journalism  

    • TV Broadcasting

    • Radio Jockeying & Program Production - Vocational Minor

    • Visual Design, Animation & Multimedia

    • Radio Program Production

    • Global Media Management

    • Project on Mobile Journalism (MOJO)

    • Media Research Methods & Tools

    • Communication Skills & Personality Development

    • Socio-Economic & Political Scenario

    • Basics of Design & Graphics

    • Media Laws & Ethics

    • Print Journalism

    • Magazine Journalism

    • Basics of Camera, Lights & Sound

    • New Media

    • Public Relations

    • Media Research

    • Advertising Practices

    • Media Organisation & Management

    • Global Media Scenario

    Projecting Journalism Industry Growth in 2022-23

    Controversial opinions are trendy and impartial reporting has now become more important. Since the academics perform a vital role as media spokespeople, providing unbiased commentary targeted on fact-based analysis, the partnerships with journalists will build up trust in journalism. Pursuing a degree or certificate course in journalism will impart you how to have unbiased reporting.

    By the time your position escalates to a permanent executive in any of the leading media houses, we can expect artificial intelligence to become prevalent in the journalism industry. You can’t stop machines from working on the available; however, you can beat them where they can’t compete. The future of the journalism industry will focus more on creativity.

    Podcasts are the impeccable combination of the audience’s demand for in-depth news and knowledge on the go. The curve of podcasting is gradually moving upward, and the industry experts consider that soon this rate will become exponential. In the near future, the existing journalism houses will set up their podcast wing, or certain dedicated brands will be established to fulfil the current demand.

    Currently, Twitter is the most significant social platform for journalists. They are not fond of Facebook because only 40% state that they use it for audience engagement. In its place, Twitter proved to be the greatest valuable social platform to them because 83% of journalists cited Twitter as an essential social platform in developing a readership.

    AI powers robots like drones that are used by several media outlets, first responders, and insurance companies. They use AI power robots to obtain images from difficult-to-reach locations on the ground. In the future, AI and robots can be incorporated into news organisations' production and distribution processes to boost the efficiency of publishing news articles and a medium’s reach.

    As per a timeline presented by the World Economic Forum,we may be reading a New York Times best-seller created by AI by 2049. But, there are still, various challenges to be conquered in the extensive use of robotics and algorithms in media companies. The dearth of rich data that enables machines to define patterns and derive precise conclusions is another significant challenge.

    Another challenge is confirming the reliability of machine-generated conclusions and the upfront financial investment. Technological advancement contributed to the expansion of communication networks like televisions, e-magazines, social media, newspapers, and radio. Therefore, the scope of journalism has also risen. Consequently, it allowed journalism to obtain a massive global audience for even small events. The news reporting’ broadcasting is not restricted to local/regional/national ranges anymore; the coverage of events is worldwide.

    The Accelerating Demand for the Journalism Courses in India

    India requires more skilled journalists who can effectively cover the story. Journalists who are trained in digital reporting are in demand. It implies a significantly wider mission for the journalism colleges to fulfil that need.

    In this media environment, ambitious journalists will benefit the most from training in a hands-on, concentrated curriculum designed to impart training on all aspects of Journalism, including theoretical, technical, and practical.

    These days, Journalism in India has significant employment scope. The media houses are constantly launching newspapers or news channels.  Although salaries are shooting up, the pool of qualified and adroit journalists is not keeping pace. Due to an insufficient number of skilled editors and reports, the challenge this profession faces is imposing more rigorous professional standards. This implies that there is rising demand for pursuing journalism courses online or offline. These courses train the candidates so well that they can mitigate the aforementioned challenges.

    In recent times, the media has become an essential part of the country in various ways, including radio, newspapers, televisions, etc. It is also a job-oriented course offering you a broad range of opportunities. If you possess a Master’s degree in Journalism, you can get relevant jobs with high salaries and perks. Therefore, there is a rising demand for pursuing undergraduate and graduate courses in India.

    Many courses in Journalism depend on the program’s objective and the university which provides the program. Before selecting any program, you can be familiar with the curriculum and credits opted for by the corresponding institute. You can pursue trending careers like Television, Print, or Digital Journalism based on your interest. Moreover, there are ample opportunities to explore mass communication, Film, and radio production too. So, this increases the demand for courses like BA (Hons) in Journalism and Communication, BA (Hons) in Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, and MA in Multimedia Journalism.

    In the past ten years, the process of news collection and news presentation has evolved a lot. These days, journalists publish content on different media platforms differently by considering the demand of each media platform.  Hence, there is an increasing need for in-demand journalism courses that impart the teaching of producing content and publishing it.

    After completing any of the Journalism courses, professionals are eligible to get reputed job positions, including Columnists, Editors, Reporters, Journalists, Correspondents, Communications Specialists, Content Writers, News Editors, and Researchers, etc. All these job roles offer admirable pay to the professionals if they have completed the related undergraduate or postgraduate Journalism courses. This is another reason behind the rising demand for pursuing Journalism courses in the country.

    Apart from the offline courses, the students can choose one of the short-term journalism courses or get certificates for journalism courses via online websites like Coursera, Udemy, Edx, Alison, etc. Therefore, choosing the best journalism course becomes inevitable for those aspiring for a bright career in this field.

    Pursuing Journalism courses not just unlocks opportunities for basic jobs (like writers, reporters, etc.), but various other job opportunities as listed below:

    • Editor

    • Proof-Reader/ Sub-editor

    • Critic

    • Researcher

    • Photojournalist

    • Illustrator

    • Cartoonist

    Journalism Specialist Salary in India

    The salary of Journalism Specialists in India is INR 382,618/year.

    Factors on which Journalism Specialist salary in India depends

    The salary of a Journalism Specialist in India can vary based on several factors. The following section outlines a few factors:

    i. Salary based on the job location

    ii. Salary based on job titles


    i. Salary based on job location:

    Highest paying cities in India for Journalism Specialists:

    Job location

    Average Salary (per month)

    Chennai, Tamil Nadu

    INR 39,126

    Noida, Uttar Pradesh

    INR 34,322

    Mangalore, Karnataka

    INR 31,513


    INR 28,886

    Bengaluru, Karnataka

    INR 27,358

    Mumbai, Maharashtra

    INR 21,456

    Pune, Maharashtra

    INR 19,885

    Source: Indeed


    ii. Salary based on job titles:

    Journalism job titles offering admirable salaries are:

    Job titles

    Average Salary (per annum)

    Technical writer

    INR 5,37,240

    Communication specialist

    INR 4,29,275


    INR 4,20,988

    News copy editor

    INR 3,08,653

    Broadcast journalist 

    INR 2,43,708

    News editor 

    INR 2,84,580


    INR 2,63,136

    News producer

    INR 2,54,231


    INR 2,05,764


    INR 2,01,924

    News reporter

    INR 1,97,820

    Source:  Indeed

    Journalism Specialist Starting Salary in India

    The starting salary for Journalism Specialists in India is INR 1,80,000 annually.

    Beginner copywriters in this field can earn INR 1,72,888 per year. Mid-level copywriters can earn INR 298,315 per year, and senior-level copywriters can earn INR 6,17,479 per year.

    Beginner editors in this field can earn INR 1,84,838 per year. Mid-level editors can earn INR 359,978 per year, and senior-level editors can earn INR 916,592 per year.

    Fresher reporters in this field earn INR 1,20,805 per year. Mid-level reporter gets a chance to earn 303,391 per annum, and at the senior level post, you can earn 614,631 in a year

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    FAQ on Journalism Courses

    1. Do you even need a degree to become a Journalist?

    A degree is not mandatory to become a journalist. But obtaining a degree can help you to stand out from other employees. A journalism graduate degree or journalism postgraduate degree can provide you with a broad network of professional contacts. Pursuing a journalism course imparts you a wide range of skills required to work in the field. Formal education in journalism methodologically imparts you all the required skills through which you can continue excelling in your career.

    2. Why should you study Journalism abroad?

    Studying Journalism abroad can give you a unique impression of a competitive industry. It demonstrates that you are flexible and can adapt to a new culture. While studying in a different country, explore new career perspectives and help you to enhance your language skills. Studying Journalism abroad is particularly beneficial if you want to become a Foreign Correspondent. Moreover, it enables you to explore more job opportunities with admirable salaries.

    3. Which are the skills good Journalists have?

    Good journalists usually have the following skills. (i) Critical thinking skills. (ii) Be resourceful. (iii) Ability to adapt to different relevant job roles. (iv)Independence and creativity. (v) Good communication and listening skills. (vi)Ability to meet tight deadlines (vii) Build relationships with contacts and conduct interviews.

    Many Journalists develop these skills while working on the job and a degree in Journalism helps to build them.

    4. How is a Journalism degree different from Communication Studies?

    A Journalism degree and a degree in Communication Studies share some similarities. Both of them focus on media, writing, and generating reports.  But, Communication Studies are not specifically designed to train students to be Journalists. On the other hand, a Journalism degree is all about training students to become Journalists. A degree in Communications Studies may also entail advertising, technical communication, and journalistic writing. It mainly focuses on corporate communications and public relations instead of providing training to work as a Journalist.

    5. What are the key reasons to study Journalism?

    Journalism is an interesting and rewarding career. It keeps the Journalists informed about the latest happenings. Being a Journalist, you can meet many different people, ask them questions, and create your own articles/reports/videos. You will learn how to interview people and create news out of its with proficient writing. Moreover, you will delve deeper into the current affair.  You may be tasked with an assignment to cover new stories and topics every day. So, it is never a boring profession. While working on your assigned responsibilities, you will learn how to share your ideas, opinions, and creativity confidently.

    6. What is the purpose of journalism?

    News is a vital part of communication that keeps people informed about the changing issues, events, and characters in the world. Although it may be fascinating or entertaining, the primary value of news is to empower the informed. Thus, the purpose of journalism is to provide citizens with the information they want to make the optimum decisions about their lives, communities, societies, and their governments.

    7. Why is journalism important to our life?

    Without journalism, the world will stay ignorant. It is inevitable because it provides the public with current and relevant news and information. If the citizens are more informed, they can better contribute to society and make better decisions. The fundamental responsibility of journalists is to provide real news, facts, and information. Journalism also aims to reach a good decision on any current or trending topics so that the decisions can benefit society overall. Moreover, Journalism exposes the abuse of power and mismanagement to give voice to the unspoken. So, it helps enhance democracy.

    8. What are the benefits of a career in Journalism?

    (i) You learn and earn - You are paid to inspect new events or topics related to the community daily. Learning something new every day makes the career rewarding. (ii) Chance to work on exciting and challenging projects – It gives you an adrenaline rush while working against deadlines to submit a story. (iii) Chance to travel –Although each journalism career is unique, many reporters, specifically international correspondents, get the chance to travel during their careers. (iv) Become an expert in your community –Local journalists know their community better than anyone else and aim to get as much information as possible in the area of interest.

    9. Where can a journalism degree take you?

    Studying journalism unlocks doors to many careers that demand writing, communication, and research skills. This degree can take you to different job options like a Broadcast journalist, Editorial assistant; Magazine features editor, Magazine journalist, Newspaper journalist, Political risk analyst, Press sub-editor, Publishing copy-editor/proofreader, Science writer, Digital copywriter, Advertising copywriter, Web content manager, Market researcher, Multimedia Specialist, Translator, and Public relations officer.

    10. How does work experience matter in a Journalism career?

    If your objective is to build a career in Journalism, you must build up your work portfolio and gain relevant experience as much as possible. Kick-start your journalistic  career by working on a magazine, student newspaper, or radio station. Moreover, you can start your own blog to enhance your writing skills and learn interview techniques. You can also find amazing opportunities by approaching radio outlets, TV production studios, newspapers, and magazines. Make sure to show your enthusiasm for their subject matter and inquire if they offer any work experience schemes.

    11. What are the typical employers for journalism degree holders?

    Candidates determined to make a career in Journalism can find employment in the following organisations: (i) Regional, national, and local newspapers (online and print) (ii )magazines (iii) radio and television stations (iv) media and broadcast companies (v)creative digital media companies(vi) PR consultancies (vii) corporate communications agencies (viii )advertising and marketing companies (ix) charity organisations.  Outside the scope of journalism and media, you can find ample options to utilise your communication skills.

    13. Where do journalists get their information?

    All journalists all have a contact book filled with information about people in their local area whom they can contact for comments or information. By gradually working in this career, journalists develop their contacts. In this context, a contact may be an official person like a politician, police officer, business professional, or trade union official. Other sources of information include reports, official documents, and press releases. Journalists also use social media and blogs to find potential stories and create contact with news sources. The better the story would be if a journalist could find more sources.

    14. What does it mean by the news sources of journalists?

    News sources are prevalent in today’s era when it comes to broadcasting something important.  It can be in the form of an audio medium, for example, radio which is seen in both urban and rural areas. Television is considered the most reliable news source because it features visuals to prove its authenticity. The newspaper contains 5W’s and 1H that provide all vital information at the beginning, and the further parts deal with minor details. A Press Release written in a journalistic style offers readers information and facts of interest. It entails all aspects of a particular subject.

    15. What are the key functions of journalism?

    The key functions of Journalism include Educate, Inform, Guide, and Entertain. In the modern world, the press plays a vital role as means of mass communication. It informs its readers about happenings in their community, country, and the globe. Another prominent function of Journalism is to bring some developments into focus through editorial comments on the news. Journalism also works to avoid undesirable conditions in society through the help of newspapers. Occasionally, newspapers run campaigns for certain highly desirable civic projects and hence serve society.

    16. Which are the core principles of Journalism?

    (i) Accuracy and Truth – Journalists can’t always guarantee ‘truth’; however, obtaining the right facts is the fundamental principle of journalism. Journalism always strives for accuracy, provides all the relevant facts, and guarantees that they have been verified. (ii) Fairness and Impartiality -Journalists must report only the facts and not any personal attitude toward the facts. (iii) Humanity-Journalists should not cause any harm to society.  (iv) Accountability -When Journalists commit errors, they should correct them, and their expressions of regret should be sincere, not sceptical.

    17. What is online journalism?

    Online journalism reports facts using internet media like blogs, social media, and digital newspapers. Although all types of information are easily available on the Internet, the sources are not always credible. Therefore, online journalists create and provide content that lines up with traditional journalism practices, i.e., accurately reporting the facts of an event. Moreover, online journalism allows reporters to rapidly convey information to audiences via online media for print layout, processing, and broadcast or delivery time slots.