Fundamentals of Journalism Course Overview

    What is journalism?

    Journalism is the practice of collecting, evaluating, preparing, and presenting information and news. It is also referred to as collecting and filtering information, editing it, and giving it context. The mainstream global population depends on journalism to stay informed. The purpose of journalism is to serve citizens with the information they require to make the best possible decisions regarding their lives, societies, communities, and governments.


    People who write journalism are known as Journalists. They may work for magazines, newspapers, TV or radio stations, and websites. Journalism is unique because it’s a one-way story or message conveyed from the Journalist to the audience. The message isn't the Journalist's subjective thoughts or personal story. Instead, the journalists work as a conduit. They describe an objective story about events that happened or are planned to happen, depending on their discoveries and observation.  The fundamentals of journalism imply that it is primarily based on storytelling which may be in various forms like breaking news, investigative reports, feature stories, editorials, reviews, and blogs.


    Journalism serves various roles; the foremost one is to inform the public. Being an open medium, the targeted audience incorporates the public or the whole community. After the Journalist reports the information, that information is accessible to all. Therefore, Journalism is a vital component of a democratic society. It keeps the citizens well-informed on issues impacting their government, communities, and daily dealings.


    Everybody wants to be informed of cutting-edge development in today's fast-paced life. Journalism helps people in keeping track of the latest happenings around them. With the rising popularity of social media, Journalism is expanding itself through various means. The ability to get all the reliable and relevant information makes it a desirable career. The 24-hour news cycles have transformed the work dynamic of journalism. Essentially, deadlines that may have been once in 24 hours are now continuous.


    To learn journalism, you need to begin by pursuing a suitable diploma or undergraduate course in your area of interest. Various journalism courses are available, ranging from journalism and mass communication to entertainment.Although all journalism programs' curricula are


    different, all of them share one similar characteristic, i.e., collecting relevant and reliable information and facts.


    Journalism comes in various forms:

    forms of journalism
    • Breaking news: Informs about an event as soon as it happens.

    • Enterprise or Investigative stories: Stories revealing information few people knew.

    • Feature stories: A comprehensive look at something interesting but not breaking news.

    • Editorials: Unsigned articles that describe a publication's opinion.

    • Columns: Signed articles that describe the writer's reporting and their conclusions.

    • Reviews: Description of places or events. Examples: restaurant, concert, or movie reviews.

    Online journalism is available in different forms listed below:

    • Blogs: Online diaries maintained by individuals or small groups.

    • Wikis: Articles that any reader can add to or modify.

    • Discussion boards: Online question and answer pages where anybody can participate.

    What kind of journalism courses are there?

    Being familiar with the fundamentals of journalism is not adequate. You should be familiar with the types of journalism courses available. The following section shows all the courses related to journalism at the diploma, PG diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

     

    List of various diploma and PG Diploma courses in Journalism:

    Courses

    Duration

    Diploma in Journalism

    1 year

    Diploma in Creative Multimedia and Journalism

    2 years

    Diploma in Creative Media Production (Broadcast Journalism)

    1-2 years

    Diploma in Photojournalism

    1-2 years

    Diploma in Journalism and Mass Communication

    1-2 years

    PGD in Journalism

    1 year

    PG Diploma in Print & Broadcast Journalism

    1 year

    PG Diploma in Radio and TV Journalism

    1 year

    PG Diploma in Acting

    1 year

    PG Diploma in Direction & Screenplay Writing

    1 year

    PG Diploma in Editing, Sound Recording & Design

    1 year

     

    List of various Bachelor’s level degree courses in Journalism:

    Courses

    Duration

    Bachelor in Journalism and Mass Communication (BJMC)

    3 year

    Bachelor of Mass Media

    3-4 years

    BA in Journalism

    3 years

    BA in Convergent Journalism

    3 years

    Bachelor of Mass Communication (BMC)

    3 years

    Bachelors in Sports Journalism

    3 years

    Bachelor of Media Science

    3 years

    BA Journalism, Film and Television Studies

    3 years

    BA Journalism and Communication

    3 years

    BA (Hons) Journalism and Publishing

    3 years

    BA (Hons) Magazine Journalism

    3 years

    BSc Media Communication and Journalism

    3 years

    BA (Hons) Cultural Studies and Media with Journalism

    3 years

    BA in Script Writing

    3 years

    BA (Hons) Photojournalism

    3 years

     

    List of various Master’s level and Ph.D. courses in Journalism:

    Courses

    Duration

    Master of Journalism

    2 years

    Masters of Photojournalism

    2 years

    Masters of Journalism and Mass Communication

    2 years

    Masters of Advertising and Journalism

    2 years

    Masters of Public Relations

    2 years

    Masters of Photojournalism

    2 years

    Masters of Mass Communication

    2 years

    Masters of Mass Media

    2 years

    MA in Journalism and Communication

    2 years

    MA in Broadcast Journalism

    2 years

    MA in Entertainment, Media, and Advertisement

    2 years

    MA in Multimedia

    2 years

    M.Sc. in Journalism and Mass Communication

    2  years

    M.Sc in Television and Film Production

    2 years

    MPhil in Journalism and Mass Communication

    2  years

    Ph.D. in Journalism and Mass Communication

    3-6 years

    Note: Apart from the courses above, various short certification and short-term journalismcourses are offered by different online platforms like Udemy, Coursera, Alison, etc. Moreover, some institutes or universities in India offer Journalism courses at the certification level.


    Notable specialisations for Journalism courses:

    journalisation specialization
    • Sports Journalism

    • Design Journalism

    • Photograph Journalism

    • Insightful Journalism

    • Communicate Journalism

    • Business and Financial Journalism

    • Mixed media Journalism

    • Article Writing

    • Print Journalism

    What are the essential skills required to become a journalist?

    A knowledgeable and skilled Journalist can stand out from the crowd and attract decent career opportunities. When you learn journalism, the course imparts with fundamentals of journalism that can help you embark on this career. However, to sustain well in this career, you must be exceptionally skilled. The blend of exceptional skills and experience will help you advance your career graph. 


    The journalism training in various journalism classes is only effective if the students thoroughly learn and practice them.  If you are exceptionally skilled, you can bring a positive change in the general public's lives.


    The top journalism courses equip the students with the following key skills: