Full Stack Development Course Overview

    What is Full-Stack Development?

    Full-Stack Development has established itself as the most highly-regarded domain within web development. It comprehensively takes care of the needs of the client and the server for the smooth functioning of the web application or website. Full-Stack Development is an emerging field with immense growth potential - there’s a huge demand for full-stack developers across tech-oriented industries.

    Who is a Full-Stack Developer?

    A Full-Stack Developer possesses comprehensive programming knowledge in front-end and back-end development. Since they are proficient in front-end and back-end languages and frameworks, they’ve earned the title of “jack of all trades.” In addition, they also know how to deploy, debug and maintain databases and servers.

    A Full-Stack Developer can see the big picture because of their holistic knowledge of different aspects of the project. The breadth and depth of knowledge they have is a culmination of gaining several years of experience across a variety of roles in the field of web development. It has made Full-Stack Developers an increasingly valuable asset in the industry.

    Full-Stack Developer Roles and Responsibilities

    A Full-Stack Developer can execute the development and maintenance of complete websites and web applications. They can complete multiple tasks across the three layers of web development. Given their versatility, Full-Stack Developers can perform various roles and responsibilities.
    Roles and responsibilities of a full stack developer

    Here we look at the roles and responsibilities of a Full-Stack Developer - 

    • Developing robust front-end website architecture that includes designing interactive and responsive pages for user interaction.
    • Developing back-end applications to create a highly functional website.
    • Creating and managing databases and servers for functionality.
    • Testing, troubleshooting, and debugging applications and codes.
    • Upgrading, fine-tuning, and ensuring the security of website or web application.
    • Designing and developing Application Programming Interfaces (APIs).
    • Keep abreast of developments in the web development field and acquire knowledge regarding new concepts and approaches.
    • Becoming familiar with all the processes involved in web development, that is, from the inception to the launch of the website or application. 
    • Compiling feedback from the end-users to determine the effectiveness of the product.
    • Ensuring cross-platform compatibility.

    Apart from these responsibilities, a Full-Stack Developer may have to undertake the responsibility of team leader or manager. Given their ability to understand the project from the start to the end, they can share their insights on the project as a whole. It is a valuable asset to understand the big picture of a project.

    How to Become a Full-Stack Developer?

    As we have seen, a Full-Stack Developer performs multiple roles and responsibilities. A Full-Stack Developer is constantly learning and updating themselves on web development and its latest trends. It is in addition to the years of industry experience they have acquired in various roles and capacities throughout their career. 

    Given their high demand in the field, let us look at how to become a Full-Stack Developer.

    ·   Understand your experience level:

    Before starting as a Full-Stack Developer, it is necessary to evaluate your experience in the field. It includes accounting for one’s educational qualification in web development. Understanding your experience level as an amateur, a coding enthusiast, or a web development professional can help chart your journey as a Full-Stack Developer. Educational qualifications and previous industry experience can help map out your career goals.

    ·   Define your goals:

    Deciding your goals and interests before starting your journey as a Full-Stack Developer is critical. The goals and interests can vary from person to person. However, it can help you decide on the skills, technologies, and tools that are the right fit for your personal and professional objectives.

    ·   Learn about the fundamental web development tools and software:

    A Full-Stack Developer must know the fundamental tools and software for web development. Foundational knowledge in web development is vital to being successful in the field. Knowledge regarding computer and operating systems, text editors, browsers, and terminals is essential for full-stack development

    ·   Select a learning format:

    Aspiring Full-Stack Developers have plenty of avenues to learn full-stack development. Deciding a suitable learning path is the stepping stone to becoming a successful Full-Stack Developer. The course chosen will depend on several factors, such as your goals, timeline, experience level, etc. 

    Some of the most common learning formats available are listed below.

    a)    Short-term boot camps

    b)    Structured self-guided courses

    c)     Degree programs

    d)    Books and tutorials

    Full-Stack Developer certification can be earned through the best Full-Stack Developer course online through upGrad’s Executive Post Graduate Programme in Software Development- Specialisation in Full-Stack Development

    ·   Learn front-end development:

    Front-end or client-side development involves developing and managing the visible part of the web application or website that deals with end-used interaction. Full-Stack Developers must be proficient in front-end languages, tools, and libraries. HTML and CSS are considered the building blocks of full-stack development. Learning the fundamentals of HTML and CSS usage is essential for front-end development. Other front-end tools also include JavaScript, Python, and Angular.js. 

    ·   Learn back-end development:

    Back-end or server-side development involves building, maintaining, and refining the digital foundation of the website or application. It includes responsibilities regarding database operations, logical operations, and user validation. Back-end developers keep the website working. Some vital back-end tools (libraries, frameworks, and languages) are C++, Java, Python, PHP, NodeJS, and JavaScript.

    ·   Learn about databases:

    Databases store and organize data for websites and applications. A Full-Stack Developer must know how to program a database. Some popular databases used by web developers are Relational Database, NoSQL, Cloud Database, and Lightweight and Cache.

    ·   Learn about Version Control Systems:
    Version Control System records the changes made to the application files over time through which specific versions can be recalled when required. Git is a popular software to track changes made to an application file. 

    ·   Gain industry experience and build a portfolio:

    Acquiring industry experience is the most significant factor in becoming a Full-Stack Developer. Work experience in various roles in the web development sector puts into practice your knowledge and can broaden your understanding of web development. Additionally, it is crucial to build a diverse portfolio to showcase your experience as a web developer.

    What does a Full-Stack Developer do?

    A Full-Stack Developer is a jack of all trades with a comprehensive knowledge of the entire web development life-cycle. They combine the skills and knowledge of front-end and back-end developers. Full-Stack Developers build and manage the server and client-side of an application or website. Their skills and expertise make them invaluable from the inception to the launch of a website or application. So, Full-Stack Developers cater to both application functionality and user experience. 

    Courses to Learn Full-Stack Development

    There are different sources available to learn full-stack development. There are primarily two modes for those who want to learn full-stack development

    a)    Offline courses- These courses are taught in person by instructors and require students to be physically present at the venue.

    b)    Online courses- These courses are conducted virtually and are flexible in terms of location and time.

    The best Full-Stack Developer course is the Executive Post Graduate Programme in Software Development- Specialisation in Full-Stack Development offered by IIIT-B through upGrad. It is a Full-Stack Developer course online for Software Developers, IT Professionals, Engineers, Analysts, Tech Support Professionals, and Freshers wanting to kick-start a career in software development. A Full-Stack Developer Certification is granted to those who complete the full-stack development course online.

    This full-stack course is accessible to anyone with a passion for learning about Full-Stack Development. Some online web development courses also deal with specific web development languages, libraries, and frameworks, such as Python Full-Stack Developer course. The variety of options available lets students choose courses according to their professional goals.

    What are the skills required for a Full-Stack Developer?

    Full-Stack Developers are multi-skilled professionals highly valued for their ability to execute the development of a project from start to finish. As such, they have experience using both front-end and back-end technologies.