Python Tutorial



Python Tutorial

Python Frameworks


Python is one of the most frequently used languages today. Guido Van Rossum is the guy in charge of creating this language. It debuted in 1991 as Python 0.9.0. Coding in this language is straightforward and logical since it is object-oriented, dynamically typed, and interpreted. In Python, there exist libraries and frameworks for every imaginable branch of technology. Before discussing the many applications and types of frameworks, let's first define what a framework is.


The frameworks make it simpler for developers to create software or applications. They automate the completion of unnecessary operations, shorten the development process, and place a strong emphasis on application logic as opposed to a generic component. In this post, we will go through Python's many significant frameworks and their key features.

What are Frameworks in Python?   

Python is one of the world's most popular and efficient programming languages, with a huge library and frameworks for practically any technological field. Python frameworks for software development provide developers with a foundation for creating applications while automating the completion of several tasks. Frameworks automate the widespread deployment of widespread solutions, allowing users the freedom to concentrate on the application logic rather than the fundamental everyday operations.

By providing a framework for app development, frameworks simplify the job of web developers. They offer standard design patterns for online applications that are quick, dependable, and simple to maintain.

Why Use a Framework?  

The usage of frameworks facilitates the reuse of code for standard HTTP activities. They organize the projects in such a way that other programmers familiar with the framework may easily maintain and develop the application.  The following is a Python frameworks list of additional benefits:

  • Simpler to implement.

  • Excellent documentation.

  • streamlined operations.

  • dependable foundation.

  • Open-source.

  • Reusability of code.

  • Simple to integrate.

Types of Python Frameworks  

Following are the types of Python frameworks:

1. Full Stack Framework: As the name implies, this type of framework offers a comprehensive web development , including form generators, form validation, template layouts, and so on. This framework may be used for any kind of application. It is a little difficult to use.

2. Micro Framework: It is a lightweight, simple-to-use framework that lacks supplementary capabilities such as a data encapsulation layer, form validation, and so on. To acquire extra features and functionalities, developers must put in a lot of time manually writing code. This is convenient for minor applications.

3. Asynchronous Framework: This framework has recently gained popularity and works with the asyncio library. This type of framework is mostly useful for running large numbers of parallel processes.

Library vs Framework  

A library is a group of packages that perform specific operations, whereas a framework includes the basic flow and architecture of an application. The biggest difference between them is their complexity. While writing code, a developer may simply call any of the numerous methods present in libraries. It would be necessary to build the additional functionality without frameworks. However, one significant benefit of frameworks is flexibility. They provide the features and resources that programmers need to add to and improve upon. 



Less complex

 More complex

You have control when you invoke a method from a library.

The framework calls you because the control is reversed.

A library performs certain tasks.

 A framework includes the fundamental flow; the remainder is built by the user.

Top Frameworks In Python 

Following are the top frameworks in Python: 

1. Key features of Bottle  

It is a microframework that generates a single source code file for each produced application that uses it. This framework is mostly focused on creating APIs. To construct simple web apps, The Bottle does not require the additional components. It enables intimate collaboration between the developer and the hardware, and it is the best platform for producing tiny apps and simple software programs.

  • Simple to learn and use.

  • built-in mechanism for templates.

  • Appropriate for developing simple web apps and APIs.

  • Very little memory is used.

  • Support for HTTP, forms, and routing.

2. Key features of CherryPy  

Object-oriented micro-framework CherryPy is free and open-source. It employs a minimalist style.  With the help of this framework, we can access data using any technology, including Cetera's templating.

  • Advanced Framework 

  • Respond to HTTP requests.

  • Plugin system that is adaptable and expandable.

  •  framework  exclusively used on the backend.

  • Object-oriented programming.

  • API stability.

3. Key features of AIOHTTP 

It is an asynchronous framework that heavily relies on async & await functionalities found in Python 3.5 . The functionality of this framework depends largely on the Python asyncio package. AIOHTTP, which is a server web framework, may also be used as a client framework.

  • It supports pluggable routing.

  • It allows you to successfully construct the view.

  • Signals.

  • It supports both server and client WebSockets without going through callback hell.

  • It provides middleware support.

4. Key features of Dash  

The Python programming language is a popular micro-framework for data scientists to use when developing analytical web apps. It is suitable for data scientists who aren't very interested in the foundations of web development. Along with operating web servers like Flask, the Dash software also allows HTTP requests for JSON packet communication.

  • There is a lot of plugin support.

  • It operates via the URL procedure (Dash Development Server).

  • It allows for a great level of customisation.

  • It can properly manage errors.

  • Integration with LDAP (Dash Development server).

  • Dash apps may be created with less code.

5. Key features of Falcon  

It is another popular and the best Python framework for software development and a micro-framework for creating web APIs. It necessitates a large number of dependencies for the development of HTTP APIs and enables the developer to produce a cleaner design that supports both HTTP and REST architecture. Large companies like RackSpace, OpenStack, and LinkedIn use Falcon extensively. 

  • handling exceptions right early.

  • With Cython support, it can give additional speed.

  • It features a code base that is highly efficient and extendable.

  • Mocks and a WSGI helper are used for unit testing.

  • Its request and responsive classes make it simple to retrieve headers and bodies.

  • HTTP error replies that are native.

6. Key features of Flask 

Flask is compact and modular in design and the most popular Python web application framework django in IOT. Flask can be easily modified. Developers may use Flask to create a strong web application base from which to leverage any necessary extensions. It is also Google App Engine compliant.

  • Lightweight and simple to operate.

  • High adaptability.

  • Based on the Python core library.

  • Routing and views (controllers) are supported.

  • Jinja templating compatibility.

  • Outstanding documentation and network.

  • Cookie management and user authentication are supported.

7. Key Features of Giotto  

It is a complete framework built on the Model View Controller (MVC) architecture.  It offers certain fundamental features like automated URL routing and Jinja2 for HTML templates with a RESTful API and open interface. Additionally, it includes a controller module that gives programmers a framework on which to build programs for the command line and Internet Relay Chat (IRC).

  • It has an option for automated URL routing.

  • Patterns of functional crud.

  • There are several controllers that may be plugged in.

  • Prototype model and views.

  • Jinja2 is available for HTML templates.

  • Extremely concise code.

  • SQLAlchemy provides database functionality.

8. Key Features of Django  

Django is a full-stack framework that is incredibly reliable and comes with everything you need to create a fully functional web application. It is a powerful Python web application framework in IOT that offers all the tools required to create quick and dependable websites. Additionally, you may utilize add-ons like the Django framework if you want any other functionality, such as the capacity to build a REST API for usage with cutting-edge front-end frameworks like React or Angular.

  • Highly safe framework

  • Admin panel included.

  • HTML is dynamically displayed using a proprietary template language.

  • The database is laid up with Python classes via an object-relational-mapper (ORM).

  • Querying a database using the Python API.

  • Excellent CLI tools.

  • A wide range of extensions are available.

9. Key Features of Growler  

It is a framework for asynchronous programming built on asyncio. It draws inspiration from the Express/Connect and Node JS frameworks. In this framework, the request is handled through the use of middleware technologies rather than by the framework itself. It is the ideal foundation for more simply implementing complicated applications.

  • A large number of open-source software are supported.

  • Decorator is useful for building tidy, reusable code.

  • It uses decorators to decrease code complexity, and we may design reusable code.

  • The ziapp module lets you compress a whole program into a single executable file.

10. Key Features of Uvloop 

  • The speed is incredible.

  • Asynchronous event loop replacement.

11. Key Features of Sonic  

  • Views depending on class.

  • Support for plugging in

  • Cookies may be read and written.

  • It supports several sorts of logging, such as error and access logs.

  • Handlers are available with decorator support that is simple to apply for.

12. Key features of Morepath 

  • It gives permissions that are easy, versatile, and strong.

  • It is as simple as sub-classing to create a generic user interface.

  • Views are all generic; reuse views inside views.

  • It provides all of the tools required to create RESTful web services.

  • It can be extended using a simple, consistent, and universal extension and overrides approach.

13. Key Features of Picnic  

  • It provides cookie support.

  • Routing management.

  • It includes error handling.

  • It can handle JSON-formatted queries.

14. Key Features of Pylons 

  • Routes.

  • It sends out the URLs.

  • URL mapping using WebHelpers depending on Routes setup.

  • It can validate and generate HTML forms.

15. Key Features of Pyramid   

  • Lightweight and adaptable.

  • Mako template language support.

  • Simple authentication and permission implementation.

  • WSGI-compliant requests as well as response objects.

  • Simple testing and debugging with integrated testing aids and a user-friendly debugger.

  • Third-party apis and plugins that are simple to integrate.

16. Key features of TurboGears   

  • TurboGears features are all implemented as function decorators.

  • Command-line utilities are available.

  • Support for multiple databases.

  • Architecture in the MVC approach.

  • As a web server, it makes use of pylons.

  • PasteScript templates are available.

  • Validation is supported by Form Encode.

17. Key features of web2py 

  • A stable API.

  • Use the MVC design pattern.

  • Access control based on roles.

  • There are no installation or setup requirements.

  • It gives assistance with internationalization.

  • Compatibility with previous versions.

  • Multiple protocols are available.

  • It may be hosted on any web server platform that supports Python or Java and Python.

18. Key features of Hug  

  • Help with automated documentation.

  • Built-in version control.

  • The notion "once implemented, can be used anywhere" is followed.

19. Key features of Cubic Web  

  • Support for various databases.

  • Security.

  • Components that can be reused.

  • With RQL, it simplifies data-related queries.

  • Web Ontology Language (OWL).


All of the crucial Python frameworks that fall under distinct categories are covered in this tutorial. The business needs can be successfully met by this framework.  Any framework may be chosen by a developer depending on the needs of the project. Although there are many frameworks available, you must be aware of the characteristics and functions that each one has. You may assess how well your Python frameworks for web development projects are performing by selecting the appropriate framework.


1. What is Framework in Python?

The Python framework is a group of packages or modules that may be used to build web applications. By offering prebuilt implementation of duplicate activities, the framework shortens development time. 

2. Which Python framework is best for beginners?

Flask can be more advantageous for novices since it is extremely straightforward, simple to understand, and requires less lines of code.

3. How do you develop a Framework?

Study views, models, and URL routing first, then develop each section, and then link them. Try to create and test a straightforward project after you have all the components up and running. Once the framework is finished, package it and publish it to PyPI.

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