The Indian IT sector is one of the fastest-growing and biggest employers in the country. Over the years, the IT industry has emerged to be a pivotal contributor to the nation’s overall GDP, thereby becoming an integral part of the Indian economy. According to Statista, in 2017, the IT industry employed over 4 million people while offering employment opportunities to another 10 million people indirectly. Furthermore, the industry generated around $180 million of annual average revenue in FY 2019.
With Indian-based IT companies like TCS, Infosys, and Wipro scaling rapidly to keep pace with the global IT leaders such as IBM, Oracle, and Microsoft, the demand for talented professionals in the field is increasing as we speak.
To be true, there has always been a massive demand for talented and skilled IT professionals in India, but right now as technology continues to evolve rapidly, this demand is skyrocketing. More and more IT companies are creating a demand for professionals with additional qualifications, other than their academic skills. This is why today, youngsters are opting for software development courses, certifications, and training programs to get an edge in the competitive pool.
Best software development courses for beginners in India:
1. Mobile App Development
Thanks to the ever-increasing proliferation of mobile devices (smartphones) in India, the mobile app market is booming. Companies across all sectors of the industry are switching to mobile apps to reach a broader audience base. Be it Android or iOS, there’s plenty of scope for freshers in this domain. While the choice of a programming language depends on the OS and mobile platform one is working on, some of the popular languages for mobile app development are Java, C, C++, and C#.
In the beginning of your career, you will be an App Developer, but when you have gained ample work experience, you can upgrade to the position of a Project Manager. Courses like Certified Android App Developer and Certified iOS App Developer are excellent options.
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2. Web Programming/Web Design
A web programming/web design course focuses on teaching you the fundamentals of designing, development, production, assessment of web applications. It also teaches how to deliver as per the client’s needs and expectations. Usually, Web Developers have to work with different programming languages and operating systems. Hence, they must be comfortable in working with the various OS (Linux, Windows, iOS) and also well-versed with at least two or three trending programming languages (Java, Python, C, C++, Ruby, SQL, PHP, etc.). While a bachelor’s degree is enough for entry-level job roles, higher-level positions demand a master’s degree.
Web designing is an excellent opportunity for individuals who want to work independently. You can either work as an employee of a company or offer your services as a freelancer. Either way, there are good prospects in this field.
3. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML)
After AI and ML creating a wave of lasting impact on the industry, and more importantly, our lives, do we even need to stress the importance of AI and ML courses? Recent developments in the technology field have made AI and ML a staple of IT, tech, and business sectors. As more companies join the AI/ML bandwagon and adopt these disruptive technologies within their infrastructure, the demand for skilled AI and ML professionals is peaking. Online courses on AI & ML from a renowned university can improve the chance of landing on a hot job.
To take up AI and ML courses, you must have a strong Mathematical, Statistical, and Analytical foundation along with sharp programming skills. As for educational requirements, a bachelor’s degree in Mathematics/Engineering/Statistics/Computer Science will do for entry-level positions. Senior-level roles demand a master’s degree in the same/similar fields along with a few years of work experience.
4. Data Analytics
The advent of Big Data has made Data Analytics a forerunner in every industry, be it healthcare, BFSI, logistics, or IT. Today, companies across the different sectors of the industry are leveraging the power of data, thereby making Data Analytics skills a must-have for any candidate looking to work in Big Data.
Candidates with a bachelor’s degree in Mathematics/Statistics/Economics/Computer Science can bag entry-level Data Analytics jobs, usually, Junior Data Analyst with the help of Big Data Analytics courses. Apart from this, one needs to be well-versed in programming languages like R, Python, C++, PHP, Java, Ruby, MATLAB, etc. Also, it is beneficial if you are familiar with the tools of data management and manipulation like Hive, SQL, SAS, Oracle, Tableau, etc.
Of late, the popularity of Agile methodology has given a significant boost to the DevOps concept as well. DevOps seeks to bridge the gap between the development and operations teams to facilitate speedy and seamless delivery of software products/services.
Since the DevOps approach is a hot trend in the software industry now, it is the right time to acquire DevOps skills. There’s a huge demand for DevOps Engineers in the industry. To be a DevOps Engineer, you must have a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science or any related field. Once you have the necessary DevOps skills, you can market yourself to the right companies. Rest assured, you will not only enjoy your job but also get high salary packages for it.
6. UI/UX Framework Development
UI denotes User Interface Design, and UX refers to User Experience Design. Thus, mastering these two domains allows you to develop a well-structured, well-designed, intuitive, and user-friendly interface for apps. From graphical design to user interaction and feedback, UI/UX Developers are responsible for everything in between. Owing to the rapidly expanding app/website market, the demand for skilled UI/UX Designers/Developers/Architects is increasing by the day in India.
7. Database Administrator (DBA)
Database Administration is one of the core procedures in the software field of computing. It requires a skilled professional running the operation and keeping company databases organized and maintained. Thus, companies are always on the lookout for talented DBA professionals who can handle company databases. A Database Administrator is responsible for the presentation, integrity, management, and security of databases.
While the general prerequisite for the role is a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, a bachelor’s degree in other related fields (such as Information Systems) will also do. However, many entry-level jobs nowadays require only an associate degree in Computer Science. The job role of a DBA is perfect for freshers who have some experience in programming and data analysis.
8. Software Quality Testing (SQT) Automation
Software Quality Testing (SQT) Automation refers to the technique of leveraging automated testing tools to implement pre-scripted tests on a software model before diving into the production stage. SQT Automation helps make the software testing process seamless and secure. It helps improve the efficacy and efficiency of the software testing process. Thus, an SQT Automation course helps you to master the usage of automated testing tools and gain deeper knowledge about the environments they are used in.
Apart from having a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science/Engineering or any other related field, you must be well-versed with different automation testing tools like JMeter, Selenium, Appium, Ranorex, etc.
The rise in the incidents of cybercrimes and threats have made Cybersecurity a crucial front for enterprises, both big and small. Any company can become a victim of cyber threats and security breaches. Hence, it pays off to have a strong and robust Cybersecurity infrastructure in place to help prevent and mitigate such risks.
Since Cybersecurity is a highly complex and intricate domain, most job profiles require a minimum of a bachelor’s degree either in Cybersecurity or a related field like Information Technology/Information Security/Computer Science. After this, you can take up Cybersecurity courses or certifications for beginners like the MTA Security Fundamentals, CompTIA Security+, and (ISC)2 Systems Security Certified Practitioner (SSCP), to name a few.
10. Augmented Analytics
Augmented Analytics focuses on automating data insights through a combination of ML, NLP, and text minimizing and transforming those insights into Business Intelligence (BI). In other words, Augmented Analytics helps in finding valuable insights from large datasets and simplifying the insights in terms humans can understand. This allows businesses to use such insights for data-driven decision making.
Mastering the domain of Augmented Analytics, would thus, make you a valuable asset in a company. By uncovering the patterns hidden within data and converting that into actionable fragments of information, you can help companies to unlock tremendous business potential. A bachelor’s degree in Software Engineering/Mathematics/Design or Data Science (if available) is good to go for entry-level job roles in Augmented Analytics.
By now, you must have understood one thing – there is no shortage of scope and courses for a budding career in IT, and the tech industry in general. With so many certification courses and training programs designed specifically to groom freshers, you’ll be spoilt for choice! However, if you have a clear vision of where and in which domain you see yourself in the future, making a choice will be easier.
What is the scope of data analytics-related jobs in India?
The widespread digitization and automation of processes in organisations around the world, has created a need for more analysts to process, categorise, and manage raw data to generate useful information. Data analytics has several components, but it can be said that it helps an organisation paint a clearer picture of where it currently stands, its history, and its optimal courses of action. Data science is a lucrative field, and it pays generously. The average salary for a data analyst in India is INR 4,30,000 per annum but it may go as high as INR 12,00,000 per annum.
What are the various subcategories of cybersecurity?
The broad definition of cybersecurity states that it is the practice of protecting one’s information against criminal elements or unauthorised use. However, this is rather vague and does not do justice to the full range of fields that come under the generalised umbrella of cybersecurity. Critical infrastructure security, application security, network security, cloud security, and Internet of things (IoT) security are some of them. An organisation can be said to be secure when it covers all of these bases, while also managing the three most important cyber security elements – people, processes, and technology.
How is UI different from UX?
UI and UX are often used interchangeably in conversation, but they are different fields. The user interface (UI) refers to the visual elements of the website, such as toggles, buttons, menus, and icons. The user experience (UX) is a broader term that covers the entirety of a user’s interaction with the website. We can understand the difference better using an example. An application might have great UI, (it may look attractive, have an intuitive layout, etc.) while simultaneously having a bad UX (long load times, glitches, excessive menu screens, etc.) and no one would probably want to use it. UI and UX designers have to often work together to ensure a streamlined end experience for the user.