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15 Most Popular Sales Interview Questions & Answers [For Freshers 2024]
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Most sales interviews start with a question about you and end with one about the company. While it is not possible to predict every question in a sales interview, research and experience tell us that they are usually derivatives of the most commonly asked sales interview questions.  Success in an interview is more about presentability and confidence than about knowledge. After all, no matter how much knowledge you gain, you will barely be able to make a mark unless you understand how to tackle those sales and interview questions. Reading through top edtech sales interview questions can help you more than you know. Moreover, the latest edtech sales interview questions vary every year, but you must keep abreast of the latest trends in edtech sales interview questions. So, today, we’re going to shed light on the top sales interview questions along with their answers to help you ace the interview round!  Top 15 Sales Interview Questions: What They Want to Know and How to Answer Understanding Sales Executive Interview Questions Additionally, you will also realize preparing via sales and marketing interview questions and answers pdf will help you curate the most prominently asked questions, leading to better performance in the sales interview. There might not be an exact answer to certain questions. However, the way you present your thoughts, the clarity you have towards your industry, and your overall confidence will help shape what impact you create at a job interview. The sales and marketing interview questions and answers pdf can be your guide and a starting point for the preparation. While some questions may not have an exact answer, how you articulate your thoughts, demonstrate industry knowledge, and exude confidence will significantly influence the impression you make on interviewers.  To stand out from the competition, focus on mastering key aspects such as effective communication, problem-solving, and sales strategies. Highlight your achievements and past experiences that showcase your ability to drive results. Remember, interview success is not solely based on memorizing answers but on demonstrating authenticity, adaptability, and a genuine passion for sales. Combine your preparation with self-assurance and a growth mindset to make a lasting impact on potential employers during your sales executive interview. Changes In Sales Executive Interview Questions As an industry, sales have evolved over the ages. There has been an infiltration of technology to the point that interview taker will need to be sure of the current trends in the industry. Practising tough sales interview questions and best answers via pdf would allow you to incorporate and go through only the trendiest of topics to keep up with the changing sales trends. You will get brownie points for a clear awareness of innovations in the sales domain. Moreover, you might also have a better industrial understanding of what lies next. The clearer you understand sales executive interview questions and the better solutions you have up your sleeve, the more well-poised you are to find favour with the hiring team. The sales landscape is rapidly evolving. Staying abreast of industry changes is crucial for interview success. With the increasing integration of technology, interviewees must demonstrate a deep understanding of current sales trends. By practicing sales interview questions using a comprehensive sales and marketing interview questions and answers PDF, you can focus on the most relevant and up-to-date topics, enabling you to keep pace with these dynamic trends. Employers highly value candidates who display awareness of innovations within the sales domain. As you delve into sales executive interview questions and craft thoughtful solutions, you gain a competitive edge by showcasing your industry knowledge and forward-thinking approach. Your ability to anticipate and adapt to future developments will be valuable to the hiring team. A robust grasp of sales executive interview questions and the ability to present solutions will undoubtedly set you apart from other candidates. Your preparation and insight will resonate positively with the hiring team, positioning you as a well-prepared and capable professional ready to thrive in the evolving sales landscape. Embrace the changes in the industry and leverage them to your advantage during your sales executive interview. 1. Tell us a Bit About Yourself.   This question usually sets the tone for the rest of the interview. As a salesperson, consider it the most important pitch of your career. This is how interviewers get an insight into your ability to sell something. They are also trying to gain a basic idea of the kind of person you are. Furthermore, interviewers pay close attention to how you describe yourself to see if it is in alignment with the experiences and career-related details you share in due course of the interview. Start by stating who you are and what position you are applying for. Be honest and passionate about what the job means to you and what different skills and achievements you stand to bring to the company.  You must highlight your core qualities and what makes you indispensable. You might say, “I’m passionate about my goals and not one to shy away from challenges.” Or “I believe my relationship-building skills are key to achieving my long-term goals. My hard work and persistence will keep me striving for greater heights.” Share relevant experiences wherever necessary. 2. Tell us About your Most Successful Sale to Date. When interviewers ask this question, they want to know whether it is sheer luck that brought about significant success in your career or if you possess the skills and knack to convert leads.  This is your chance to create an impactful impression. Do not hesitate from going into details: the specific time, obstacles, people involved, how you eventually closed the deal, and what followed after that. It is imperative that whichever experience you share reflects the best traits that are attributed to a salesman.  3. Are you Good at Making Cold Calls? This is an important sales experience. Salespeople who are bold, outgoing, and able to start and maintain conversations have a higher chance of closing deals than those who don’t. When interviewers ask this question, they are trying to get an insight into your personality. So, answer this question with an example where you highlight that you backup cold calls by researching the person to better understand his needs. You might say, “At my last company, I aimed at making at least X cold calls every hour, which would help me generate at least Y warm leads.”  4. Tell me About a Time When you Encountered Failure. What do you Think you Could Have Done Differently?  One of the trademark qualities of salespeople includes taking failures head-on and moving forward from them with lessons for future endeavours. A salesperson must know how to analyze and handle failed attempts.  To answer this question, relate a relevant experience explaining what your objective was, what went wrong, who was involved, and what you learned from the incident. Recruiters are appreciative of honesty.  While answering the second part, keep it short and precise. Let them know that you gathered critical lessons that you now use to avoid similar potential setbacks.  One way of answering it would be — “I feel strongly about spending valuable selling time lamenting about the what-could-have-been and what-ifs of failures. My takeaway from it is to avoid similar mistakes in the future. I see failures are learning lessons and strive to implement the knowledge I gain at every step on fruitful prospects.” 5. Tell me About your Short-Term and Long-Term Career Goals.  Companies want to associate with aspiring individuals who are confident about where they are headed in their careers. It shows that your decisions are backed by a strong clarity in thought. This results in motivated and driven workers who strive to meet goals. Briefly summarise the long-term and short-term goals you wish to achieve in your career and explain why they are so important to you. One way how you can answer this question is — “I am excited about gaining on-the-job experience and upgrading my core competencies as part of a mission-driven organization. I am eager to assess my abilities by taking on higher-level, challenging responsibilities. In the long term, I see myself in a managerial role, so my focus is on improving my leadership skills. I am confident that my near term goals will help me achieve my long term objectives.” 6. How Do you Strike a Balance Between Work and Life? There are many reasons why an interviewer asks this question. They want to know that your personal life doesn’t affect your calibre in the workplace. Or they simply want to gauge your commitment towards your job.  Base your answer on your research of the company’s values and culture.  Here’s how you can answer this sales interview question — “I understand how important it is to strike a healthy balance between work and professional life. But I’ve realized that it becomes effortless when you enjoy your work and it gives you a sense of contentment. It allows you to pursue your personal life in peace without having to carry office pressures. I am devoted to my family as much as I am devoted to my work. I ensure that my day-offs are reserved for my close ones. And it also helps that I find sales very exciting which keep me enthusiastic about getting back to work every other day.” 7. If your Colleagues Were to Describe to you, What Would They Say? Interviewers want to know how good a fit you are for their company environment and whether you would contribute positively to their office culture. Highlight your strengths and what makes you popular amongst your peers.  A sample answer for this would be — “I am known for my persistence and the efforts I put in to maintain healthy relationships with my clients. Also, it’s not uncommon to have disagreements in the workplace. After all, everyone has different styles of working. But, my past experiences tell me that I have a positive and cordial influence on a work atmosphere when it comes to conflict resolutions. And I think my peers would also appreciate my honesty and confidence to stand up for what I believe is right.” 8. How Would you Summarise your Entire Career? This question is a practical test to determine your attitude towards the profession and the rationale you apply to make important choices. It also gives an insight into your preparation, communication skills, and level of professionalism. Be sure to highlight your skills, significant personal and professional accomplishments, and what keeps you motivated to pursue your goals.  Here’s how you can answer — “My sales career has been marked by ups and downs, more successes than failures, if I may so boldly state. This is what I love about sales because it is as challenging as it is rewarding. It’s where your dedicated efforts, strategic planning, and persistence, actually pay off. In my first year as a sales rep, I had the highest record of sales for 10 out of the 12 months.  What I appreciate about sales is that every experience is a learning opportunity for you to hone and upgrade your skills. And I have had abundant opportunities to learn and get closer to my goals. I believe in facing challenges head-on and overcoming them rather than running away from them. This is why I know I can fit in any organization. I am confident about my abilities and am dedicated to achieving my goals in life. It has brought me this far and will take me farther ahead.” 9. How do you Stay Updated With the Latest Trends in Sales?  Companies are looking to hire salespeople who constantly work on honing their skills and keep up with the latest industry trends to provide the best solutions to clients.  Let the interviewer know that you are passionate about sales and gaining knowledge. And reading about the industry, checking out the latest blogs and podcasts, and learning ways to improve your craft are a few things that keep sales exciting. Make sure to mention the names of the magazines, books, or blogs you follow. If you have enlisted in any online or offline sales training program, it is a good idea to talk about it as it shows you are passionate about a long-term career in the field.  10. What is your Process of Generating Leads and Closing Sales Deals? By asking this question, interviewers want to gauge how effective your sales process is. So, give them step-by-step insight into your mechanism. Irrespective of which industry you interview for, some core sales qualities are considered valuable by all companies. These include strategic planning, strong listening and communication skills, identifying customer needs and providing appropriate solutions, and time management skills, to name a few. So, be sure to demonstrate these in your sales process. Building and maintaining relationships, negotiation skills, and persuasive powers are also among the leading traits in a successful salesperson.  11. What Do you Know About Our Organization? This is your big chance to demonstrate your researching skills and your level of interest in securing a job at the company. So, make sure you are prepared with ample background information on the company. Refer credible sources to read about the company and gather input from ex-employees and current employees. Briefly describe what the organization stands for as per your knowledge, what solutions they provide, and who their targets are. You can also cite the names of their top competitors and draw brief comparisons if you are knowledgeable enough. Let them know that you appreciate specific details about the company. For example, “I appreciate the steps your company takes to make employees feel comfortable and cared for.” 12. Have you Managed to Meet your Sales Goals? This is to get an idea of your sales history and ideally, an interviewer would be looking for a track record of exceeding sales goals.  There are three key points to touch while answering this:  Speak of your sales record spanning your career by highlighting your toughest and most significant achievements. You must prepare this list in advance.  Talk about any failures or rejections you have faced. Let the interviewer know that you believe in putting yourself out there time and again to meet your sales goals. Succeeding in sales means persevering in the face of failures. To say that it doesn’t bother you can sound insensitive as rejections are disappointing. Assert that failures are learning lessons and they keep you grounded and practical. Talk about what keeps you motivated to pursue your goals.  Here’s a possible answer to show you are motivated — “The prospect of facing new challenges every day, devising strategies to overcome them, and the unending desire to succeed, keeps me motivated on my career path. This is how I have consistently exceeded or met my sales goals.” 13. Have you Ever Had to Let go of a Client? What Was your Approach? This question explores a salesperson’s behaviour and the strategies he uses disagreeable circumstances. It shows you are capable of dealing with the unpleasant aspects of a sales job. Through your answer, you should let them know that you feel strongly about preserving a company’s resources and are motivated to provide the best service to a customer.  In challenging sales scenarios, parting ways with a client may be necessary. It requires a thoughtful and empathetic approach to preserve company resources and a commitment to excellent customer service. By engaging in open dialogue and actively listening to client feedback, we can identify potential areas for improvement. If it becomes evident that the partnership is no longer mutually beneficial, we can communicate the decision and leave the door open for future collaboration. Maintaining positive relationships and upholding high integrity in such situations drives the motivation to provide exceptional service and leave a positive impression on existing and potential customers. 14. Who Was your Favourite Boss and What Would They Say About you? This is to judge your flexibility in a work environment. You can’t be too affirmative of them since that might make you come across as someone rigid and inflexible. You might also want to avoid being too critical of their style. Possible answer: “I believe in establishing a mutually beneficial relationship with my bosses. My last boss might say I started as an independent thinker who didn’t understand the importance of being a team player. Since I had experience and an excellent sales record, she believed my team could learn from me which would further bolster my abilities. So, I truly appreciate her for having imparted the necessary values in me. At the same time, I enjoyed the space I had to pursue my process without being micromanaged. That’s another thing I appreciate about her.”  15. Do you Have Any Questions For Me?  This may be the final question an interviewer asks you but it’s not one to take lightly. Make sure you have a list of insightful and well-thought-out questions ready to display your interest and passion for the job. If you encountered some detail you would like to explore during the course of the interview, this is the time to do it. This is also your chance to get an idea about the inner workings of the company and what would be expected of you if hired. Here are some questions you can ask:  “What does a typical day for a salesperson look like at your company?” “What are your expectations from someone in this role?” “Please tell me about the company culture.” “What would you say is the most enjoyable aspect of working at this company?” “How would you rate my performance? Is my skill set or level of experience of any concern to you?” “How does the hiring process proceed from here?” Little edgy questions, such as your personal take on strategies to enhance sales or quick hacks to hike those numbers, are solid topics to prepare well on. These days, interviewers are more fluid regarding what they expect from employees. The traditional way of making sales has taken a backseat. However, you have to ensure that you have a solid dedication that comes across through your ideas in the sales interview questions and answers. India is currently experiencing great growth in sales, so much so that the retail sales industry is set to stand at 450 billion dollars in market size. Moreover, it is set to be among the top five retail markets globally in the context of economic value. Be prepared to talk about your personal motivation to join the industry with sales interview questions and answers. Moreover, as a sales professional, you must be convincing in terms of personality. This trait will not just get you a green signal at the interview bit also at closing sales around your career more than the initial interview phase dealing with theoretical sales interview questions and answers. What is Sales in Interview?  If you are thinking about sales questions for interview you need to know first what sales in interview is all about. Sales interview questions are a critical element in the recruiting process of sales representatives that assesses candidates’ suitability and aptitude in sales-related positions. It allows companies to assess a candidate’s mastery of sales concepts, interpersonal skills, and ability to express value propositions successfully.  During a sales job interview question and answers, applicants are frequently asked about their past sales experience, target-setting tactics, and approach to overcoming objections. Employers may also consider communication skills, flexibility, and a candidate’s knowledge of the items or services they will be selling. The interview process may involve role-playing scenarios designed to imitate real-world sales circumstances, allowing employers to assess the candidate’s problem-solving talents and resilience under pressure. Successful applicants not only show proficiency in sales tactics, but also excitement, resilience, and a customer-centric attitude. These will help you understand what goes inside Sales interview questions and answers for freshers. Who is A Sales Representative?   To know in detail about sales executive interview questions and sales and marketing interview questions, you need to know who a sales representative is. A sales representative, also known as a salesperson or sales associate, is a professional who promotes and sells products or services on behalf of a firm. This position is critical in increasing revenue and developing client connections. Sales representatives are crucial in bridging the gap between a company and its target market, acting as the firm’s public face. One of the key roles of a sales representative is to discover new clients and contact them to market their company’s products or services. They use several sales strategies to highlight the benefits of their products and services, as well as to resolve consumer problems. This requires a combination of communication skills, product expertise, and the ability to establish rapport. To ace in sales questions for interview, a sales representative must have a thorough grasp of the items or services he or she is selling. This information enables them to personalize their presentation to each customer’s specific demands and handle any issues that may occur during the sales process. Furthermore, maintaining current on industry developments, competition goods, and market dynamics improves the representative’s efficacy. Sales executive career path  A career as a Sales Executive is dynamic, with several prospects for professional development and progress. Sales executives are important to a company’s revenue growth, and their career paths are often progressive and complex. Entry-Level Positions Aspiring sales executives sometimes begin their careers in entry-level sales jobs, such as Sales Development Representative (SDR) or Junior Sales Representative. In these positions, individuals obtain basic experience by prospecting, qualifying prospects, and assisting more senior members of the sales team.  This stage is critical for learning core sales abilities, understanding the sales process, and being acquainted with the company’s products and services. Sales Representative Individuals can graduate to Sales Representative positions by answering sales representative interview questions and answers after having experience in entry-level employment. During this intermediate stage, professionals actively connect with clients, manage sales pipelines, and try to meet individual and team sales objectives.  Sales representatives frequently prioritize developing and sustaining customer connections, sharpening their bargaining abilities, and responding to market circumstances. Sales quotas must be met or exceeded continuously to be successful in this job. Senior Sales Roles Individuals who have demonstrated success as a Sales Representative may advance to more senior positions such as Senior Sales Executive or Key Account Manager.  Professionals in these roles frequently have increased duties, such as directing bigger client portfolios or managing significant strategic clients. Senior Sales Executives have an important role in driving revenue development, devising sales strategies, and ensuring the success of the whole sales force. This level may include cooperating with cross-functional teams, participating in strategy planning, and coaching junior salespeople. Sales executive interview questions are applicable for people who want to apply for such senior-level sales roles. Sales Management Individuals with leadership ambitions, need to answer sales and marketing interview questions to get this job, and advancing to sales management positions such as Sales Manager or Sales Director. Individuals in these jobs lead and direct sales teams.  Their focus extends beyond individual sales objectives to encompass team performance, sales training, and strategy implementation. Sales managers play an important role in connecting the sales staff with overall corporate goals and ensuring that sales strategies are carried out successfully. Executive Leadership The peak of a sales executive’s career path may include executive leadership positions such as Vice President of Sales or Chief Sales Officer. Executives at this level play an important role in establishing the company’s overall sales strategy, generating innovation, and contributing to strategic growth. They frequently interact with other C-suite executives to connect sales strategies with overall business objectives. Do’s and Dont’s for Sales Interview  The main purpose of Sales interview questions for Freshers is to find individuals who have the traits required to produce revenue, establish client connections, and contribute to the sales team’s overall performance. Here we have listed some of the things you should do and avoid as an interviewee:- Do’s  Research the Firm: Show your interest in the firm by investigating its goods, services, and market positioning. Understand the company’s culture and values to tailor your comments properly. Understand the Role: Familiarize yourself with the specifics of the sales role. Tailor your comments to show how your abilities and expertise make you an excellent candidate for the position. Prepare Success Stories: Be prepared to provide concrete instances of your previous sales accomplishments. Use the STAR (Situation, Task, Action, Result) technique to properly communicate your success stories. Customer Focus: Highlight your customer-centric strategy. Showcase instances where you went above and beyond to fulfill consumer demands and develop long-term connections. Demonstrate adaptability: Sales settings may be changing. Demonstrate your capacity to adapt to changing situations and overcome obstacles, focusing on your resilience and problem-solving abilities. Ask Thoughtful Questions: Prepare intelligent questions about the organization, team, and sales issues. This implies that you are genuinely interested and think strategically. Describe Sales Techniques: Be prepared to describe your sales strategy, from prospecting to closing transactions. Demonstrate your understanding of numerous sales approaches and how you adapt your plan to diverse scenarios. Don’ts  Don’t Oversell Yourself: While it’s good to showcase your talents, don’t exaggerate. To gain the interviewer’s trust, be genuine about your achievements and ability. Avoid Lack of Preparation: Being unprepared may indicate a lack of enthusiasm or professionalism. Research the firm, learn about the sector, and practice your replies to common sales interview questions. Do not Interrupt: Allow the interviewer to finish their questions before answering. Interrupting might be seen as impatience or a lack of listening skills, which are essential in sales professions. Avoid Negativity: Do not speak adversely about previous employment or coworkers. Instead, concentrate on positive experiences and what you’ve gained from obstacles. Do Not Ignore Nonverbal Cues: Pay attention to nonverbal indications from the interviewer. If they appear indifferent or confused, adapt your communication approach accordingly. Avoid Overlooking Follow-Up: Following the interview, send a thank-you email to convey your gratitude for the chance and repeat your interest in the role. Failure to follow up may be interpreted as a lack of passion. Do Not Lack Excitement: Demonstrate real excitement for the position and the organization. A lack of enthusiasm might be a red sign for businesses seeking enthusiastic and driven salespeople. How to Prepare for A Sales Interview  By combining comprehensive study, great communication, and a focus on your accomplishments, you can successfully navigate a sales interview and make a good impression on potential employers. Here are some elements you need to consider when preparing for sales interview questions and answers. Research: Learn about the company’s products or services, as well as its market position. Investigate the industry, rivals, and recent news to demonstrate your expertise and interest. Know the Role: Familiarize yourself with the exact duties and requirements of the sales role. Customize your replies to demonstrate how your talents match the position. Practice Responses: Practice answering typical sales interview questions by stressing your accomplishments and utilizing the STAR approach (Situation, Task, Action, Result) for clarity. Be prepared to share your sales strategy and strategies. Highlight Achievements: Create success stories that highlight your effect in past jobs. Focus on real accomplishments, stressing how you exceeded expectations and contributed to your team’s success. Understand Sales Techniques: Demonstrate your understanding of various sales methods. Discuss how you react to diverse scenarios and demonstrate your knowledge of the sales process, from prospecting to closing. Ask Questions: Prepare intelligent inquiries on the business, the team, and the difficulties encountered in the sales division. This implies that you are genuinely interested and think strategically. Dress Professionally: Select professional and acceptable clothing. First impressions are important; wearing them correctly indicates respect for the interview process. Conclusion  These were the top sales interview questions that are asked in a typical sales interview. As we have mentioned a couple of times, preparation is key to ace the interview and land your dream job. So, make sure you go in well-prepared with the above-mentioned Sales interview questions and answers for experienced and freshers. If you are just starting out a career in sales, there is a lot you will need to learn to bolster your management skills along the way. Luckily, there are online programs that have made this easier than ever. upGrad’s PG Program in Management, Specialisation in Sales and Digital Marketing is not just confined to imparting in-demand sales skills and hands-on training. It also prepares aspiring young professionals for career advancement opportunities.
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by Kamal Jacob

21 May 2024

Top 24 Commerce Project Topics & Ideas in 2024 [For Freshers]
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In this article, you will learn the Top 24 Commerce Project Topics & Ideas. Take a glimpse below. Best 24 Commerce Project Ideas & Topics  Read the full article to know more about the project Ideas & Topics in detail. Commerce is fundamental to the success of any business. To streamline trading operations and maintain profits, the industry must focus on commerce, which deals with a lot more than just selling and buying. As the world is digitizing, eCommerce solutions are increasingly becoming common. The advent of machine learning and AI has further enhanced the effectiveness of eCommerce. While the world is moving fast, it is important to upskill ourselves to get the edge over the competitors. upGrad offers some of the best free courses for working professionals to compete in the market.  Why is Commerce important? With the global economy projected to achieve the US$100 trillion milestone in 2022, it is not surprising that commerce has established itself as a vital stream. So, whether you are deciding on your 6th sem project topics, writing a dissertation on online shopping project topics, or compiling a “Project topics for commerce students” pdf, you will have to consider the role of commerce in the real world. As a society, most of our activities revolve around buying and selling goods and services. At some level, we are all economic actors. Right at this very moment, you must be reading this article on a gadget you bought from a retailer. It’s next to impossible to not depend on the market for our needs today.  In fact, as a Commerce graduate, you will have to depend on the market as a salaried employee, a business owner, or an entrepreneur. You will have to sell your services or products to buy other services and products. In some capacity, commerce will become a part of your life.  The business of buying and selling is at the heart of commerce. As a student of commerce, this view of commerce would be an over-simplification. If you were to browse articles related to commerce stream or look up commerce topics for presentation, you would come across a diversity of topics. The discipline covers a multitude of subjects beyond just buying and selling activities, such as accounting, labor relations, supply chain management, and financial markets.  Whether you are taking a micro or macro-view, trade and commerce play a role in our everyday lives as members of a household, community, nation, or the world. You might pick up a newspaper article telling you about global inflation- there is commerce involved.  Further, with globalization and the advancement of technology, world commerce has transformed. And commerce as a discipline has had to evolve with these shifts and will continue to do so. For example, online shopping project topics exploring the role of digital technology and the impact of globalization on economies is one of the more popular commerce topics for presentation.  As it directly or indirectly impacts a large section of the world population, e-commerce is a notable topic of discussion amongst graduate and post-graduate students of commerce. Working on projects to find solutions to trade-related issues, and explore operational challenges, among others is an important part of their curriculum.  Given the vast pool of trending commerce project ideas, it may be difficult to choose a topic for your project. Commerce encompasses various business domains, with trade and selling being the pertinent ones. You require deep analysis and understanding to pick a topic that serves your interests and career goals. If analytics is your forte, and if you want to hone your skills, consider pursuing our business analytics certificate designed specifically for analytics aspirants. In this article, we have compiled a list of interesting and innovative commerce project ideas to help you with your project. Irrespective of the topic you choose for your final project, you stand to gain immense knowledge and expertise to leverage exciting career opportunities.  How to Choose a Good Project Topic for the Commerce Project For Final Year Students? Choosing a topic for your m.com final year project topics is a crucial decision that requires careful consideration and no doubt guidance. The right topic can make your project engaging, insightful, and valuable. So, keeping the above points in mind, here are some points to help you select a Trending project topics for commerce students for your project: – Interest and Passion Always choose that topic in which you have great interest. The reason being when you have interest in the subject, you will give your 100% making it more enjoyable and likely resulting in a better outcome. Relevance to Commerce Ensure that the topic is directly related to commerce. It could be a current trend, an emerging issue, or a classic concept you want to explore in depth. Narrow and Focused A broad topic can be overwhelming and challenging to cover in depth. So, narrow down your focus to a specific aspect or sub-topic within commerce. For example, instead of “Global E-Commerce Trends,” you could focus on “The Impact of Social Media on Online Retail Sales.” Originality and Uniqueness While some topics are popular and well-studied, try to bring a unique perspective or angle to your chosen topic. Look for gaps in existing research or areas that haven’t been explored extensively. Feasibility Consider the availability of resources, data, and information related to your chosen topic. Ensure you can access enough credible sources to support your research and analysis. Practical Application Choose a topic that has real-world relevance and application. Consider how your findings could be applied in business settings or how they might address a practical issue. Current and Emerging Trends Topics related to current trends, technological advancements, or emerging practices in commerce tend to capture attention. They showcase your ability to stay updated with the industry. Looking to leverage your commerce background? Dive into the wide range of career options for commerce students and unlock the door to numerous opportunities that await you in the business world. Alignment with Learning Objectives Review your course or program objectives. Your project should align with the key concepts you’ve learned and demonstrate your understanding. Market Analysis If applicable, conduct a preliminary market analysis to identify areas of commerce that require more attention or improvement. Addressing these gaps could lead to an impactful project. Consultation with Faculty/Advisors Discuss your ideas with your faculty members or project advisors. They can provide valuable insights, suggest modifications, and guide you toward a more refined topic. Feasibility of Data Collection If your project involves data collection, consider the ease of gathering data. Complex data collection processes might require more time and resources. Ethical Considerations Ensure that your chosen topic doesn’t raise ethical concerns. Commerce projects might involve sensitive data or controversial issues, so it’s important to approach them with ethical integrity. Cross-Disciplinary Approach Explore topics that intersect with other disciplines like economics, psychology, or technology. This can add depth and uniqueness to your project. Scalability While your project might be limited in scope, consider whether the topic has the potential for broader applications or research beyond your project. Audience Appeal Think about your target audience. Will your project be interesting and informative to your peers, instructors, and potentially even professionals in the field? Personal and Professional Growth Choose a project topics for commerce that fulfills academic requirements and contributes to personal and professional growth. Acquiring in-depth knowledge about a relevant topic can be valuable in your future career. Remember that the process of selecting a project topic is iterative. You might need to refine and narrow your ideas as you gather more information and feedback. Take your time, conduct thorough research, and select a topic that aligns with your interests, skills, and academic objectives. Curious about the most lucrative career paths in commerce? Explore our detailed guide on the highest paid jobs in India in commerce, and aim for a prosperous future in the business world. So let’s get started with the list of trending project topics for commerce students Best Commerce Projects & Ideas For College Students & Beginners In any field, the end consumers are given top priority. Their choices, preferences, and demands are factors that form the basis of marketing strategies and manufacturing operations. It is evident that we are dependent on commerce to ensure this chain of processes runs smoothly.  If you are wondering what kind of commerce projects could bring you closer to your goals, here is a thought-out list of 8 projects that will not just familiarize you with the existing problems in commerce but also provide solutions. Furthermore, they will be a glowing addition to your resume and increase your chances of success in this all-encompassing field of commerce. To increase your resume weightage, doing a business-related course would be beneficial. For example, our business analytics certificate has 100+ hours of learning with case studies and live sessions aids you positive career growth.  Topic 1: Impact of Outsourcing Material Availability Decision-Making  Objective: To determine the criteria used while deciding to outsource material availability along with strategizing the outsourcing process. Outsourcing is a beneficial practice but at the same time, it poses a variety of challenges. Every industry seeks low labour cost, however, numerous other aspects require attention when outsourcing.  Although outsourcing is done at various levels, if you have a clear set of goals and strategies, more often than not, it will prove to be advantageous. It is important to understand that the performance of a company and its outsourced aspects do not have a connection because it does not impact the material availability directly.  Usually, two challenges are seen: the first one being, the time challenge, where the production process is slowed down due to unavailability of material and the second, more pressing financial challenge. Through this project, you can find solutions to both challenges.  Impacts of outsourcing- Affects delivery time Product quality Employee productivity Cost Benefits of outsourcing- Flexible staffing arrangement Better risk management Gain customer satisfaction  Increased efficiency Reduces labour cost Cost cutting Saves time Improves quality Helps in relieving workload Also read, Career options in science after graduation Topic 2: Monetary Policy – Enhancing Employee Performance Through Monetary Incentives Objective: To perceive the relationship between monetary incentive and employee performance. It is observed that bonuses ate fixed according to the employee’s performance, however, hard work being intangible is not considered. Therefore, it can be deduced that monetary incentives are independent of the performance, since the bonus and allowances are fixed according to a specific performance parameter. Moreover, the failure of a company’s promise to release the bonus on time also leads to dissatisfaction and demotivation among its employees.  On the other hand, companies can attain their target by quoting the performance bonus in advance, thereby, stimulating employees to perform more efficiently and proactively. This project will help you comprehend how effective monetary incentives are imperative to employee satisfaction and alleviating the attrition rate in the company.  Why are monetary incentives necessary? Rewards employees Profit sharing, partnerships, ESOPS, etc., increases the ownership attitude  Helps in acquiring quality talent Controls attrition  Increases employee satisfaction Increases employee engagement Improves organisation’s performance Types of monetary incentives- Bonuses ESOPS Rewards Commissions Added allowances payment Wage incentives Referral benefits Profit sharing Also read: Career options in medical Topic 3: Outsourcing Human Resource in Beverage and Food Firms Objective: To understand the implications of outsourcing human resource functions on organizational performance. This includes finding potential benefits and analyzing how it directly impacts employee performance and thought process. Not allocating the budget for the Human Resource department leaves companies with one option — outsourcing. This may have decreased the company’s liability for its employees, but it has not been very beneficial for those who seek a long term and focused career.  Outsourcing of human resources is usually undertaken to reduce costs for a company as well as bring productive resources onboard. However, neither of these parameters remain fulfilled in the long run. It is often observed that this leads to a disconnect in employees, which reflects in their attitudes as they then carry out assigned tasks irresponsibly. Outsourcing has also observed a high attrition rate among employees. This is especially common in the food and beverage industries, where the time-sensitive nature of commerce takes a toll on human resource professionals. Types of outsourcing- International & Domestic Onshore Nearshore Offshore Benefits of Outsourcing Human Resource in Beverage and Food Firms- Lower administration costs Cost effective Streamlining of important functions Program Management Employee satisfaction Provides additional services due to lower limitations Growth  Flexible  Payroll Management Digital Marketing Free courses to Learn Influencer marketing free course Introduction to advertising free course Influencer marketing right free course SEO basics free course SEM basics free course Email marketing free course Social media marketing introduction free course How to leverage user generated content free course Content marketing free course Fundamentals of marketing free course Brand marketing masterclass free course Topic 4: Role of E-Commerce in Reducing Operational Cost Objective: To evaluate how e-commerce aids the reduction of functional costs by making a comparative analysis. This project emphasizes the benefits of eCommerce in today’s world. It is clear from the recent pandemic as well that electronic transactions have grown exponentially. An organization that will operate through a physical office will have significant costs to bear as compared to organizations that can function remotely. These costs include logistics, administration, salesperson salary, the lease on storefront, electricity, telephone, heating/cooling, taxes, displays, repairs and maintenance of the building. On the contrary, for a virtual office, the entailing costs include web hosting charges, shopping cart software, and distribution rates. This accounts for much less than the expense involved with physical offices.  Both functional and operational costs are affected by eCommerce. Furthermore, e-commerce also has many other unmatched benefits when compared with offline commerce methods.  Benefits of reduced cost in e-commerce: Self-regulating Increased revenue Utilisation of revenue into product development Creates a competitive advantage Ways to reduce cost in e-commerce: Supplier tie-ups Reduce returns Marketing budget  Inventory management Shipping methods optimization Topic 5: Reducing Unemployment Through a Co-Operative Movement Objective: To establish a co-operative movement in a working society and analyze its benefits on society members. It also evaluates various aspects of the co-operative movement that provide support to team members. This project helps us gain an understanding of the benefits of a co-operative movement in reducing unemployment. The analysis concludes that co-operative movements support employees and their well-being in terms of education and growth, thus, every organization must adopt one. It is recommended that since a co-operative movement encourages and supports existing employees to study further and take up training to scale their skill sets, it must be made compulsory for every establishment. To facilitate the set up of the cooperatives, the project recommends aiding organisations financially in the form of loans from the co-operative banks.  Consequently, establishing co-operative banks is also deemed significantly beneficial. Also Read: Top 10 Highest Paying Jobs in Commerce Field Topic 6: An Analysis of the Downside of Co-Operative Thrift and Credit Society Objective: To shine a light on the futility of establishing a co-operative and credit society. This kind of society is set up in organizations to help employees save a certain percentage of their salaries. These savings will support them after their retirement and can be used as an investment. However, it is noticed that such a society does not form a consensus as the goals are not attained. With a disparity in the financials and personal contexts, this society has not been able to satisfy its members. This is due to poor inspection, and the irresponsible attitudes of authoritative people that have marred the interests of its members. Another important aspect that this project highlight is that when members take a loan from a credit society, they are often not in a position to return it, indicating a loss of money. The bad debts increase and the vested member’s interest is exploited unfairly. Types of unemployment- Voluntary Demand deficient Structural Frictional Seasonal Geographical Casual Chronic Disguised Cyclical Benefits of Reducing Unemployment Through a Co-Operative Movement- Enhanced social, economic and cultural aspects of the society Provides social services such as education, housing, health, etc. Increase wealth  Better living conditions Higher satisfaction  Society progression Improved economy Checkout: Career Options for Commerce Students Topic 7: Analysis of the Role of Insurance Companies in Driving Growth of SMEs Objective: To understand the relationship between SMEs and insurance companies. The project also aims to understand how insurance companies contribute to the growth of SMEs. This involves studying factors that are responsible for growth and failure alike. One major aspect that this project covers is the reason that SMEs do not get their businesses insured. This project highlights what SMEs are and how l insurance companies can prevent them from being shut down. SMEs are small and medium scale enterprises with about 5 to 10 employees in a small SME and a maximum of 50 to 100 employees in a medium-scale enterprise. SMEs are vital for the growth of the economy as they are independent and can generate effective revenue, contributing to the country’s GDP. It is recommended that these SMEs must get business insurance. However, with the lack of awareness of insurance of businesses, most small to medium enterprises fail to function beyond two years. The lack of sustenance due to a blend of financial difficulties and departmental challenges is the cause of the shutdown. Therefore, insurance can step this up. If the employees feel secure, they will be motivated to work irrespective of the un-segregated organizational structure of the SMEs. The resolution for running SMEs for the long term is insurance. Benefits of Insurance Companies in Driving Growth of SMEs- Financial security to the employees Higher employee satisfaction Lower attrition Financial stability  Improved organisation growth  Increase loyalty Help in acquiring qualified candidates  Topic 8: Implications of Globalization on National Security   Objective: To examine the frequency of transnational threats and the method by which the security is breached. Furthermore, it highlights the effects of globalisation on increased national security.  A deep analysis of this project highlights two aspects of globalization. Firstly, where there is an increased threat due to breach of security, a significant increase in business is noticed. The to and fro of trade and ease of communication, facilitated by transportation are anticipated as threats to National Security. At the same time, this has also elevated the business to a large extent. It causes businesses to amp their security measures and streamline their services. When the pros and cons are weighed, globalization has proved to be beneficial for most sectors. It has also brought an upsurge in the National Income of many underdeveloped countries. Secondly, globalization has also brought about a lot of awareness, stimulating consumers to buy needful products. The positive impacts on the national income of a country have significantly increased.  Impacts of globalisation on national security- Integration of markets Trade measures Access to new cultures Potential of new threats Access to new talent Manage employee integration  Topic 9: Exploring the Significance of Commerce in Today’s World Objective: To understand the various benefits of commerce. The project highlights the following aspects: Helps accomplish human wants: Commerce has facilitated trade between states, and across the borders. In turn, human wants are fulfilled because of this movement of goods. This also contributes to social welfare. The distribution of products through e-commerce has further enabled many small businesses to survive.  Enhances the standard of living: The increased flow of money has also increased consumerism. It encourages and financially supports people to make required purchases, subsequently, increasing the standard of living. Also, the pliability of a product’s delivery to diverse locations m, as well as flexibility of ordering from any location has facilitated streamlined services, further, enhancing consumerism and elevating the standard of living.        Empowering consumers and producers: If manufacturing continues to produce, but ceases to sell, the economy of a country is bound to plummet. It is due to commerce that trade persists. The chain of retailers, and wholesalers who purchase the products from manufacturers and market them appropriately, facilitates the movement of goods. The absence of these channels will stagnate the market. In addition to this, digital platforms have made e-commerce the most convenient link between consumers and producers. Providing employment opportunities: Commerce is the harbinger of growth in manufacturing, warehousing, transporting, banking, advertising and so on. To ensure the efficiency of these operations, we need human resources. Commerce proffers employment to skilled and unskilled labour, along with numerous white-collar professionals.   Enabling income generation for a country on the whole:  When trade increases, production and consumption follows. This creates work opportunities for the citizens of a country. This in turn impacts the national Income of a country. The average gross income of citizens contributes to the development of a country. Driving growth in auxiliary sectors: Commerce leads to increased growth in auxiliary sectors such as banking, insurance, publicity, marketing, and advertising, among others. Driving industrial development: One of the major outcomes of the commerce sector is the development of industries. Commerce aids in streamlining the division of labour, as well as providing raw materials to the industries. A meticulous division of every sector in the industry leads to its growth and development. Driving international trade: The emergence of e-commerce has allowed businesses to think beyond the periphery of their country. This has facilitated streamlined trade between countries. Besides, commerce has opened doors for the exchange of commodities, and surplus produces of the country.  Better transport and communication systems have resulted in increased international trade, which again is a result of commerce. Benefitting underdeveloped countries: Commerce has created avenues for underdeveloped countries to export surplus raw material to other countries. This process has enhanced trade and the flow of money into underdeveloped countries. Supporting exigencies: Whatever trade and exchange of food, medicines, relief packets, etc, is done, is highly dependent on the smooth functioning of the supply chain and commerce industry. During exigencies like earthquakes, floods, and other natural calamities, commerce proves its worth. Impacts of commerce- Impact productivity Affect inflation Reach market potential Increases R&D of the country Better talent management Gives competitive advantage Cost management Impact culture and lifestyle Topic 10: The Significance of E-Commerce in Emerging Markets Objective: To explore the benefits of e-commerce, upcoming trends, and provide solutions to existing challenges.  Needless to mention, the significance of the internet and its usage in today’s world is skyrocketing. The increasing usage of mobile devices has enabled customers to purchase anything from anywhere. Evidently, the future of commerce is headed online. As e-commerce is replacing other traditional commerce models to provide seamless services and consumer experience, there has been a significant reduction in operational costs. If customers are willing to bear the shipping and other costs, even cross-border shopping is possible through e-commerce. This platform allows users to conduct a comparative analysis and purchase an item at the best available price. This doesn’t just inculcate awareness and transparency but also inculcates a sense of achievement among the consumers when they save a penny. The clarity in communication between portals and customers further streamlines the process. Apart from the listed benefits, it also involves some threats. These threats usually involve a breach of customer trust and a volatile economy. The failure of e-commerce business is rare, but not absent. It also reflects on the reliability of a platform when cross-border trading is undertaken. Prioritizing customer satisfaction is the key to the success of an eCommerce business.  Explore our Popular MBA Courses Master of Business Administration from Golden Gate University Master of Business Administration (MBA) Liverpool Business School MBA from Deakin Business School MBA in Digital Marketing from Dekin University Executive MBA from SSBM View all MBA Courses Upcoming trends in eCommerce will pave the path for successful business ventures and economic development. As more and ML more businesses adopt AI-driven technologies, augmented reality, and speech recognition techniques in enhancing customer experience, there will be a shift towards personalised solutions which is mostly possible thrift eCommerce. Ecommerce has an integral role to play in helping businesses enhance reach and scalability. Benefits of E-Commerce Affects buying behaviour Inventory management Flexible  Enhance shopping experience Access to a wider range of products Benefits seller and customers More employment opportunities Affordable Cost reduction Easy exchange and refund policy  Impacts economy Topic 11: Public Sector bank’s future in the country The public sector banks are a pivotal part of the economy. They help in mobilising the scattered and small savings of the people. Thus adding to the economic growth. They also play a role of credit intermediation, settlement of payments and netting.  Benefits of Public Sector Banks- Pension after retirement High-interest rate on deposits Low- interest rates on loans Job security  Accessibility to the rural areas Multiple branches Topic 12: Impact of Covid on Indian Economy The GDP shrank a lot during the Covid. The economy reached to its lowest. Every sector saw the impacts of Covid. The economy growth slowed down and its impacts are seen even today.  Some of the impacts are Multiple layoffs Losing of livelihood Low revenue Infrastructure damage Resource reduction Slow growth  Food shortage Lack of basic amenities Affordability The students can take the approach of finding the causes behind the negative impacts of Covid on Indian Economy. Checkout: Top Career Options After B.Com What is the project topic for Bcom final year? Some of the projects bcom final year students can do: Financial Performance Analysis of a Company Impact of Digital Marketing on Consumer Behavior Study of Corporate Governance Practices Analysis of Mutual Funds and Stock Market Trends Consumer Perception of E-Banking Services Additional Commerce Project Topics How does advertising affect sales and conversions?  The effectiveness of online shopping. The role of supply chain management in improving customer service. AI implementation in e-commerce. Green consumerism in the coming years. The role of technologies in enhancing eCommerce. Other Interesting Project Topics for Commerce Students A few more project topics for commerce students or commerce related topics for project are listed below: 13. SWOT Analysis of an MNC SWOT is a innovative activities for commerce students which will serves as a powerful strategic tool for carefully examining and strategizing projects. Its implementation allows graduates to uncover fresh business prospects, boost revenue generation, and proactively address potential threats to an organization’s success. By conducting a SWOT analysis, commerce project topics risks can be minimized, ensuring effortless execution of plans. In today’s digital age, multinational corporations often encounter challenges optimizing their online presence and maintaining top-notch cybersecurity. This makes a SWOT analysis a valuable asset for any research topics for commerce students or bcom project topics aiming to tackle these issues. 14. A Study of Joint Ventures Two or more companies working together to share profits and losses, collaborate on business operations, and combine their resources for greater success culminate into a joint venture. As students, you can delve into this fascinating concept by focusing your commerce project topics report on prominent joint ventures such as Hero Honda, Sony Ericsson, and Motorola.  Your objective will be to compile a comprehensive report that is packed with data, including performance metrics, thorough analysis, market insights, and real-life case studies. By doing so, you will create a vivid representation of your research on joint ventures. 15. Job Opportunities from the Transportation Sector This is one of the project topics for commerce students that delves into the pivotal role of the transportation sector in creating employment opportunities within the country. The commerce related topics explores the various modes of transit, including buses, cars, trains, metros, cable lines, and more. This project topics for commerce main focus is to gain insight into the functioning of different modes of transportation. This e commerce project topics will also explore the employment benefits associated with the transportation industry, the challenges it faces, and the crucial essentials for transportation design and movement. Additionally, the commerce related topics also sheds light on shipping methods such as canal, land, ocean, and overseas transport. It is clear that transportation infrastructure is not limited to merely connecting people and places. Instead, the industry serves as a catalyst for economic growth by generating employment opportunities. 16. The Power of Branding on Consumer Purchasing Behavior Effective marketing strategies require a strong focus on branding due to its role in influencing consumer behavior. In fact, exploring the impact of branding on consumer behavior and their journey toward brand loyalty makes for a fascinating final-year project in commerce. This research topics for commerce students allows students to delve into how repeat purchases are influenced by branding tactics. However, the world of branding also presents the challenges of budget constraints and the need to stand out from the sea of competitors. 17. A Project on the Indian Railways Undertaking With over 1.4 billion employees, the Indian Railways is a major public sector organization, and the department can offer several project topics for commerce students. Under the oversight of the Ministry of Railways and the Railway Board, the Railway Minister holds responsibility for all operations and interactions with the Indian Parliament. As a departmental undertaking of the Indian Government, the railways are subject to an annual budget set by the Government of India.  All expenses are closely monitored by the Ministry and subject to external audits. Conducting a project on this vast public transportation mode offers insights into the crucial role of government involvement in effectively running the railway service in a country as vast as India. 18. A Project on Mumbai Dabbawalas The bustling city of Mumbai has a longstanding love affair with Dabbawalas. These skilled professionals are the city’s go-to for homemade office lunches. Through this project, students will have the opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of how these Dabbawalas operate.  By participating in this project topics for commerce, students can develop essential skills such as team management, delivery efficiency, and business organization. They can also explore real-life case studies to enhance their learning experience. 19. Preparing a Report on Nationalized Banks While looking for project topics for commerce students or project report topics preparing a report on a nationalized bank can be a great idea. The effectiveness and robustness of banking institutions have an influence on driving and shaping the economy. In the wake of India’s independence, the country established financial systems to promote the accessibility of banking services to the general public. From standardizing currency practices to implementing global regulations on interest rates, the growth of India’s economy is closely intertwined with the operations of the Reserve Bank of India. This presents a fascinating avenue to explore for a simple project topics for b.com students, delving into the fundamentals of the Indian economy and providing comprehensive case studies and real-life examples to understand the intricacies of financial management and public/private sector banking.  20. Exploring Indian Exports India thrives on the export of petroleum products, gems and jewelry, electronics, pharmaceutical drugs, and textiles. Through this project report topics, students can delve into the realm of export marketing and differentiate it from domestic sales. This comprehensive overview also sheds light on the driving forces behind Indian exporters and the multitude of hurdles they encounter, such as trade barriers, third-party competition, and foreign currency regulations. 21. Studying Different Distribution Channels In the dynamic realm of sales and marketing, businesses can utilize the wholesale, retail, and direct-to-consumer distribution channels. Companies can reach consumers directly by leveraging cutting-edge e-commerce platforms, while retailers acquire products from manufacturers and then, in turn, sell them to customers. Additionally, retailers often partner with wholesalers who provide goods at competitive market rates. This project topics for m.com students aims to examine the intricate connections between wholesalers, manufacturers, and retailers, exploring their distinct attributes and crucial functions. In today’s digital era, traditional business strategies have undergone a significant shift in terms of product promotion and profit generation. Nonetheless, the fundamental principles of effective marketing remain unchanged. These include product excellence, pricing, advertising, distribution, packaging, target demographics, and personnel. 22. A Project on the Consumer Protection Act Among various project topics for commerce students, working on the Consumer Protection Act can be quite interesting. The prime focus of this act in India is the welfare of consumers when making purchases of goods, products, and services.  With the rapid advancements in technology, the shopping landscape has significantly evolved in the nation. As a result, consumers now have higher expectations for top-notch products, immediate availability, and effective service.  By thoroughly evaluating this act, we can gain valuable insights into consumer perceptions and decision-making processes within the marketplace. Furthermore, the b.com 3rd year project topics report must also tackle various obstacles encountered by the logistics industry, inadequacies in product design, and unethical behaviors like hoarding and black marketing.  Additionally, it is important to mention how the government ensures the implementation of appropriate legal measures for the sales of goods and services. As a result, consumer protection measures encourage businesses to operate with honesty, efficiency, and transparency. 23. Project on the Dairy Industry Let us take the example of Amul to conduct a commerce project on the dairy industry. Widely recognized as a top producer of milk, paneer, and dairy goods in India, Amul’s extensive reach and impact cannot be denied.  Let’s delve deeper into their success story by exploring their partnership with UNICEF and the ways in which they’ve been able to uplift farmers across the nation through their business model. The origins of Amul, its innovative marketing techniques, and its meticulous product sourcing strategies are all prime areas for investigation in understanding how the brand continues to deliver a fresh selection of goods to its devoted customers. Amul’s remarkable success can be attributed to the strategic use of the seven “Ps” by its marketing professionals. By implementing a low-cost pricing strategy and ensuring its products offer great value for money, Amul has successfully established a widespread supply chain and distribution network throughout the country, maximizing the advantages of its production location. This serves as a great example for students on how to effectively select a sub-topic from a broader subject area. 24. Studying Different Advertising Media In the ever-evolving world of business, turning a profit and building a strong reputation are the ultimate goals. In the realm of e-commerce, a multitude of advertising methods are being explored and tested by brands. Through extensive research, scholars have evaluated the success of diverse techniques, including augmented and virtual reality technology. One of the most interesting project topics for commerce students is discovering and analyzing various forms of advertising media. Takeaway Just as world commerce combines and impacts different aspects of life, so should your commerce topics for presentation. Whether you use this list of project ideas or other project topics for commerce students pdf to decide your publication subject or your 6th sem project topics, engage with the significance of commerce. As a commerce student, you can provide an analysis of the smallest denominator to significant world events that are not accessible to the layman.  With a country’s economic and cultural development hinging on commerce, it is one of the most sought-after fields today. As a skilled commerce professional, you can devise focused strategies to drive conversions and sales. You can also develop profitable relationships with manufacturers and enhance the customer experience. This also involves retailers and wholesalers, who directly deal with the consumers.  Therefore, professionals in commerce are required to up-skill themselves to gain a comprehensive understanding of how commerce deals with problems. This is possible through experience gleaned from solving real-life problems which can be sought from working on commerce projects. Commerce involves a lot of moving parts which demands that you possess strong leadership skills, communication skills, problem-solving abilities, strategizing skills, and analytical decision-making abilities. The listed commerce project topics in this article will help you enhance your job-relevant skills which can serve as catalysts to landing your preferred job. When you select one of these topics, you are exercising the decision making skill, which is an efficacious commerce skill! So, we wish you the best of luck!  If you would like to learn more about commerce, we are here to help you at upGrad. After completing your bachelor’s, you can pursue higher studies and get more specialized roles. As commerce with maths student, you can get an MBA in Finance to get lucrative positions in the finance sector. On the other hand, you can take a digital marketing course from MICA and become a marketing expert. It would allow you to pursue digital marketing careers. To learn more about digital marketing courses and get hands-on experience, you can check out at upGrad.  
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by Sriram

20 May 2024

6 Trending Professional Courses after Graduation – Job Oriented
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Which job is best after graduation? India hosts over 700 universities and more than 35,000 affiliated colleges enrolling more than 20 million students every year. And as each new batch passes the higher secondary exam with stellar results, they struggle with finding the right jobs. Times have changed drastically – this is no longer the era where a graduate degree is considered special. To rise above your peers and crack the opportunity of their dreams, most students opt for various post-graduation courses, or M.Phil, or Ph.D. Many even go for short-term diploma or online certifications courses. Learners receive an average Salary hike of 58% with the highest being up to 400%. Online certifications and short-term diploma courses have completely revolutionized the field of learning. These after graduation courses offer flexibility by allowing people to develop new skills or improve existing ones without disrupting their work or personal lives. This accessible and convenient approach has made education available to more people. Recent statistics back the growing popularity of professional certifications projecting the number of individuals pursuing these to grow to 9.8 million users by 2027. Choosing to pursue further education or specialized certifications has become a smart move. It helps individuals navigate today’s tough job market by not just adding qualifications but by gaining deep knowledge, refining skills, and showing a commitment to ongoing learning and career advancement. These best courses after graduation allow you to pivot your degree if you took up an under-graduate course out of peer pressure, or lack of clarity. They allow a chance to start over, or to deep-dive further into your preferred field. It also helps gain preference with recruiters and gives you access to better opportunities and salaries. Most professional courses also incorporate a host of industry-related assignments and introduce students to real-world scenarios, they teach how to handle such situations using professional tactics. A professional course or certification provides opportunities to dive deeper into a field of interest. Such courses perfectly blend skills, technical knowledge, and industry expertise. Therefore, they prepare students for pursuing a preferred career after graduation course. Now that you are aware of the benefits of professional courses let’s take a look at (arguably) some of the most trending professional courses after graduation! Course Course Duration Institutes Offering Course Eligibility Criteria PMP Certification Product Management Certification Program (UpGrad) – 160+ hours of learning and training. Project Management Institute (PMI) Bachelor’s degree and a few years of experience in project management. Project Management Professional Training Course (ExcelR) – 35 hours of training. ISEL Global (Institute for Skill Enhancement &Learning) L&T Institute of Project Management (L&T IPM) S. P. Jain Institute of Management and Research (SPJIMR) PGDM or M.Sc. in Business Analytics 1-3 months IIM Calcutta, ISI Kolkata, and IIT Kharagpur STEM background is preferred, and if pursuing from University, a graduate degree is required. Praxis Business School Manipal ProLearn INSOFE Master’s in Data Science 1 year course 2-years full-time course with 18 months of industry training and 6 months internship IIM Calcutta + ISI Kolkata + IIT Kharagpur Bachelor’s degree 1-year full-time course with 9-months training and 3-months internship. Praxis 6-months part-time course IIM Bangalore Machine Learning 12-month diploma course IIT Delhi Candidates who completed bachelor’s in Artificial Intelligence or any equivalent discipline from a recognized institution. Chartered Financial Analyst 1 year diploma course after graduation Hold a bachelor’s degree, Be in the final year of your bachelor’s degree program ( any degree program), Have four years of qualified, professional work experience, Have a combination of work and college experience that totals at least four years Certification in Digital Marketing 4-months long certification course or a 2-years long full-fledged degree Bachelor’s Degree 6-months course Certified Digital Marketing Master (CDMM) by Digital Vaidya 6-months part-time course Executive Program in Digital and Social Media Marketing by IIM Calcutta 4-months long course Executive Development Program in Digital Marketing by XLRI Jamshedpur 2-year long classroom course Master’s in Digital Marketing by Delhi School of Internet Marketing Best Professional Courses After Graduation: PMP Certification PGDM or M.Sc. in Business Analytics Master’s in Data Science Machine Learning Chartered Financial Analyst Certification in Digital Marketing 1. PMP Certification PMP stands for Project Management Professional and PMP certification is one of the most distinguished professional certificates across the world for Project Management. While PMP certification is not the sole determinant of experience or capabilities for Project Management professionals, it certainly denotes a mark of competence and knowledge of the field. The certification course introduces students with various project management tools and techniques while also offering hands-on project training. During the course, you not only learn how to manage project timelines, how to best use the project resources, and how to deliver projects within a set budget. Having a PMP certification could help you land well-paying job roles in Manufacturing, Finance, IT, Healthcare, and any other industry requiring project management roles. This after graduation course is perfect for those candidates willing to obtain a professional master’s degree in a limited duration. It features a rigorous curriculum and chiefly focuses on Management Studies. It assists working professionals in diving deeper into this enormous area of study. Its curriculum involves interactive learning and an array of workshops. It imparts you with specialized knowledge about business and management. Average Project Management Professional Salary Source Average Project Management Professional Salary based on Location: City Salary Bangalore ₹7.0 Lakhs Chennai ₹8.1 Lakhs New Delhi ₹11.9 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹6.0 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹17.0 Lakhs Source Some of the best institutions offering this course in India: Project Management Institute (PMI) PMI is a globally recognized organization offering various certifications related to project management courses after graduation. The most well-known certification is the PMP certification, which is highly esteemed in project management. PMP certification demonstrates a professional’s knowledge, experience, and competence in managing projects.  ISEL Global (Institute for Skill Enhancement &Learning) ISEL Global focuses on providing professional certification programs in areas like project management, supply chain management, digital marketing, and more. They offer after-graduation courses like Agile & Scrum Master, Certified Supply Chain Professional (CSCP), and other specialized certifications designed to enhance specific skills in various industries. L&T Institute of Project Management (L&T IPM) L&T IPM is known for its programs in project management. They offer courses aimed at developing skills required for effective project planning, execution, and management. L&T IPM provides a comprehensive curriculum covering various aspects of project management methodologies, tools, and techniques. It’s affiliated with Larsen & Toubro Limited, a leading engineering and construction conglomerate. S. P. Jain Institute of Management and Research (SPJIMR) SPJIMR is a renowned business school offering various management programs. While it offers a range of management courses, it also provides executive education programs in project management, leadership, and strategic management. These job-oriented courses after graduation are designed for working professionals seeking to enhance their skills and knowledge in specific domains. Course Duration: Most of the courses are distance/online, so the duration is up to you. However, there are some institutes that offer structured, hourly-moduled courses: Product Management Certification Program (UpGrad) – 160+ hours of learning and training. Project Management Professional Training Course (ExcelR) – 35 hours of training. Eligibility Criteria: Usually, most of the PMP courses require a Bachelor’s degree and a few years of experience in project management. Fees: Depending on the institution you choose, your PMP course fee will range anywhere between Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 50,000. Job Opportunities: A PMP certification adds further credibility to your experience and knowledge, thereby making you fit for senior level roles in Project Management. You can bag promising job roles like Product Designers, Product Analyst, Product Manager, Associate Program Manager, and Product Owners and Heads. 2. PGDM or M.Sc. in Business Analytics Business Analytics, in essence, is a process that combines data analytics and business intelligence on a large set of data, to gather insights that aid in making future business strategies and plans. This is a branch of management and science that uses exploration as a tool to analyse present data and gather insights for planning and execution of future business goals and strategies. Business Analytics is aimed at optimizing processes, increasing revenue by saving on operational costs, improving customer relations, and predicting future trends – thereby enabling accurate strategic business plans. Masters in Business Analytics offers training and knowledge to develop skills for making business plans and strategies of the future based on accurate analysis of the available data. It imparts knowledge of management and business concepts. It trains individuals to explore job prospects at the senior levels of Management. Moreover, it provides swift career advancement opportunities for executive or managerial roles. Some of the well-known PGDM after graduation courses are listed below: PGDM in Finance PGDM in International Business PGDM in Operations Management PGDM in Business Analytics PGDM in Marketing   PGDM in Retail Management Average Business Analytics Salary Source Average Business Analytics Salary based on Locations: City Salary Mumbai ₹11.9 Lakhs New Delhi ₹5.8 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹5.8 Lakhs Pune ₹6.1 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹5.8 Lakhs Source Some of the best institutions offering this course in India: IIM Calcutta, ISI Kolkata, and IIT Kharagpur These famous institutions offer some of the best after degree courses like PGDBA (Post Graduate Diploma in Business Analytics). The courses teach how to use data to make smart business decisions. Students study various ways, like using statistics and computer techniques to analyze data for business purposes. IIM Calcutta, ISI Kolkata, and IIT Kharagpur focus on a joint program, PGDBA, offering a holistic view of business analytics. Praxis Business School Praxis Business School specializes in data science coaching after graduation. Their Post Graduate Program in Data Science (PGPDS) is designed to cover a wide spectrum of topics within data analytics, machine learning, and big data technologies. The curriculum aims to impart both theoretical knowledge and practical skills essential for data-driven decision-making in the business world. Manipal ProLearn Manipal ProLearn collaborates with industry experts to offer a variety of certifications and professional courses after graduation in India. These programs encompass diverse fields such as business analytics, data science, digital marketing, and more. The focus is on delivering practical knowledge and hands-on experience in specific domains, aligning closely with industry requirements. INSOFE INSOFE is globally recognized for its applied engineering education and research. They offer the best courses after graduation, primarily revolving around big data analytics, data science, and artificial intelligence (AI). The courses are structured to provide students with the specialized skills and expertise necessary to excel in analytics and related fields, catering to the demands of the industry. Course Duration: 1-3 months Eligibility Criteria: STEM background is preferred, and if pursuing from University, a graduate degree is required. Fees: Depending on the college you opt for, the total fees can range somewhere between 1,20,000, to 8,00,000 per course. Job Opportunities: A business analyst’s primary role is to mend the gap between IT and management of any organization, by using analytics tools. The fact that organizations today have heaps of data with them makes Business Analytics an increasingly lucrative career path. There are many firms and consultancies that hire freshers for profiles like assistant business analysts, etc., that can give the right push to your career in analytics! Read our popular Data Science Articles Data Science Career Path: A Comprehensive Career Guide Data Science Career Growth: The Future of Work is here Why is Data Science Important? 8 Ways Data Science Brings Value to the Business Relevance of Data Science for Managers The Ultimate Data Science Cheat Sheet Every Data Scientists Should Have Top 6 Reasons Why You Should Become a Data Scientist A Day in the Life of Data Scientist: What do they do? Myth Busted: Data Science doesn’t need Coding Business Intelligence vs Data Science: What are the differences? 3. Master’s in Data Science Masters in Data Science is one of the best courses after graduation. Data science has deservedly earned its nickname as the sexiest job of the 21st century because, in a world where 2.5 quintillion bytes of data are produced every day, a professional who can organize this data to provide business solutions is indeed the hero! A McKinsey Global Institute study agrees. It states that by 2018, the world will face a shortage of about 190,000 professionals with deep analytical skills. With the Big Data wave showing no signs of slowing down, there’s a rush among global companies to hire Data Scientists to tame their business-critical Big Data. Data Science is one of the trendiest fields in the present job market because data eclipsing oil has turned out to be the most valuable resource in the world. This career field helps you to understand human preferences through data. Consequently, it leads to the development of enhanced user-based technologies. Completing one of the after graduation courses, for example, a master’s in Data Science or Machine Learning, can help you to explore various roles in senior executive positions. Many professionals and students are inclining toward this field because of the massive career scope and the great demand for expert and professional data scientists globally. You can become a Data Analyst, Data Scientist, Database Architect, Data Engineer, etc. after completing a relevant course. Students can develop design ability and abstract thinking. These skills help them to recognize and understand the concepts of data science theories and practice through fundamental principles of statistics, mathematics, computer science, and other related domains. Completing a relevant 1 year course after graduation helps the students to use various programming tools for problem-solving and derive solutions for the same depending on global needs and trends. They can use research-centric knowledge to analyse and understand data, design experiments, and blend the information to offer feasible conclusions. Average Data Scientist Salary Source Average Data Scientist Salary based on Locations: City Salary Bangalore ₹15.5 Lakhs New Delhi ₹13.6 Lakhs Mumbai ₹13.2 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹14.8 Lakhs Pune ₹12.8 Lakhs Chennai ₹13.3 Lakhs Noida ₹13.7 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹14.1 Lakhs Gurgaon 14.1 Lakhs Source Some of the best institutions offering this course in India: IIM Calcutta + ISI Kolkata + IIT Kharagpur: They offer a 2-years full-time course with 18 months of industry training and 6 months internship.Often deemed the best course after graduation, this program is designed to provide a deep understanding of analytics and practical experience through extended industry exposure. It’s structured to equip students with comprehensive knowledge and practical skills for analyzing data effectively and deriving meaningful insights for decision-making. Praxis: Praxis, Gurgaon, offers a 1-year full-time course with 9-months training and 3-months internship.This is one of the best 1 year courses after graduation that focuses on equipping students with data analysis and machine learning skills for real-world applications. This course prepares students to analyze data effectively, develop predictive models, and extract valuable insights that can be directly applied to solve real-world problems across diverse industries. IIM Bangalore: This is a 6 months course after graduation held at the Bangalore campus. It is a course meant for people with 4+ years of experience. Regarded as one of the best courses after graduation for high salary jobs, it caters to experienced professionals seeking to sharpen their skills in data science and machine learning. This course offers a focused and advanced curriculum to equip participants with the specialized knowledge required to tackle complex data-related challenges in their respective domains. Eligibility Criteria: Since it’s a Master’s course, the necessary requirement is to have a Bachelor’s degree. Fees: Depending on the institute and comprehensive of the curriculum, as well as the training method (LMS or classroom), the course can cost anywhere from INR 50,000 to INR 600,000. Job Opportunities: As of May 2019,  the median salary for a Data Scientist role is Rs. 622,162 according to Payscale.com. According to a report, the total number of analytics and data science job positions available are 97,000. Graduates can find roles as data scientists, architects, administrators, analysts or even Business Intelligence Managers in any organization that deals with large volumes of data. 4. Machine Learning  Machine learning is a method of data analysis that automates analytical model building. It is a branch of artificial intelligence based on the idea that systems can learn from data, identify patterns and make decisions with minimal human intervention. Even though the term machine learning has been under the spotlight only recently, the concept of machine learning has existed since a long time, the earliest example of it being Alan Turing’s Enigma machine that he developed during World War II. Today, machine learning is almost everywhere around us, right from the ordinary things in our lives to the more complicated calculations involving Big Data. For instance, Google’s self-driving car and the personalized recommendations on sites such as Netflix, Amazon, and Spotify, are all outcomes of Machine Learning. This 12-month diploma course covers fundamental Data Science and ML topics into eight modules, including Data Science Tool Kit, Statistics and Exploratory Data Analytics, Machine Learning – I, Machine Learning – II, Natural Language Processing, Deep Learning, Reinforcement Learning, and Deployment & Capstone Projects. Also, learners get to complete case studies, live projects, and various Data Science assignments using tools like Python, Keras, TensorFlow, Scikit-Learn, MySQL, NLTK, and AWS. The course promises 360-degree career support by offering dedicated mentorship from industry experts, peer-to-peer networking, hackathons, etc. You can pursue a 1 year course after graduation or any other suitable course in the Machine learning domain. Most of these courses train candidates in the following key aspects: Compare various machine learning algorithms by developing recommender systems in Python.  Create a final project through machine learning methods and assess your peers’ projects.   Forecast course ratings by building regression and classification models and training a neural network. Design recommendation systems by implementing your knowledge of PCA, KNN, and non-negative matrix collaborative filtering.  The background knowledge in linear algebra, statistics, and Python programming is beneficial for pursuing a professional course in machine learning. These courses are extremely suitable for those individuals who are interested in leveraging data and possess computer skills. Many professional courses on machine learning offer a powerful theoretical background and practical exposure (through demos and labs). So, the candidates can easily understand complex topics. A suitable 1 year diploma courses after graduation can provide foundational knowledge on various machine learning algorithms and methods like classification, regression, supervised, unsupervised learning, NLP, etc. The professionals can build mathematical models based on the patterns to implement the predictive Machine Learning applications, after completing one of these courses. Average Machine Learning Engineer Salary Source Average Machine Learning Engineer Salary based on Locations: City Salary Bangalore ₹10.5 Lakhs New Delhi ₹9.2 Lakhs Mumbai ₹8.6 Lakh Hyderabad ₹10.1 Lakh Pune ₹8.4 Lakh Chennai ₹8.8 Lakh Noida ₹9.0 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹10.6 Lakh Source You can also check out Advanced Certificate Programme in Machine Learning from IIT Delhi. IIT Delhi is one of the most prestigious institutions in India. With more the 500+ In-house faculty members which are the best in the subject matters. Explore our Popular Data Science Courses Executive Post Graduate Programme in Data Science from IIITB Professional Certificate Program in Data Science for Business Decision Making Master of Science in Data Science from University of Arizona Advanced Certificate Programme in Data Science from IIITB Professional Certificate Program in Data Science and Business Analytics from University of Maryland Data Science Courses 5. Chartered Financial Analyst For those students who lean towards finance over STEM, Chartered Financial Analyst is a very credible course to pursue. While Chartered Accounting was the course of choice for commerce students earlier, CFA has arisen to become a top choice because of its global and comprehensive curriculum and opens up a variety of very lucrative job opportunities in investment banking, research analysis, portfolio management, or financial strategy. The program focuses in-depth on portfolio management, financial modeling, and other investment-related areas. This program is split into 3 levels: Level I – This level focuses on the introduction to equity, fixed income, alternatives, etc. Other than that, it also gives you an insight into detailed learning of tools like Financial reporting and analysis, Economics, Quants, etc. It covers a broad spectrum of topics, including equity, fixed-income securities, alternative investments, and more. Students gain insights into the basics of these investment instruments. Level II – This level dives higher into the valuation of assets like equity, fixed income, derivatives, and financial statement analysis. This level emphasizes the application of analytical techniques to value these assets accurately. Students learn more sophisticated methods of evaluating investments and understand how to interpret financial statements in greater detail compared to Level I. Level III – Level III of CFA focuses on perspective changes into Portfolio Management of the assets and Wealth Planning. It provides a broader perspective on managing different types of assets within a portfolio, considering risk management, asset allocation strategies, and wealth planning for individual and institutional clients. It emphasizes the practical implementation of investment strategies and decision-making in real-world scenarios. CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) is one of the toughest exams in the world. It is a globally recognized credential and is one of the highly demanding professions among finance and investment graduates. In addition to knowing the relevant CFA after degree courses, you must also be familiar with various qualifying exams and job opportunities. Being a global certification, this course helps students to practice financial services and management globally. It can help you embark on job roles like Investment Manager, Chartered Financial Analyst, Portfolio Manager, etc. The demand for CFA professionals is rising considering the aspects like stock market growth, financial literacy, and booming investors. Generally, CFA courses are ideal for investors, entrepreneurs, financial managers, financial consultants, etc.  Candidates fascinated by the investment sector and financial services can consider pursuing one of the 1 year courses after graduation or other suitable CFA courses. There is no fixed time to pursue this course. Candidates have the flexibility and can take up one of the suitable degree courses or 1 year diploma courses after graduation. Eligibility Criteria: The candidate must hold an international passport, and one of the following: Hold a bachelor’s degree, Be in the final year of your bachelor’s degree program ( any degree program), Have four years of qualified, professional work experience, Have a combination of work and college experience that totals at least four years Clearing all the three levels of the exam is the main requirement for earning the CFA® charter. Fees: For the Level I exam, the candidate will have to pay one-time program enrollment fees of USD 450 apart from the Registration fees. The Registration fees for all the levels are as follows: Registration Type Fees Deadline (Approx.) Early Registration Fee USD 650  8 Months before the exam date Standard Registration Fee USD 950  4 Months before the exam date Late Registration Fee USD 1380  3 Months before the exam date Job Opportunities: As a CFA, you can land high-paying jobs in investment firms both nationally and globally. The CFA charter’s industry recognition signifies expertise in investment management, opening doors to roles in portfolio management, investment analysis, risk management, and financial advising. CFAs are sought after by various financial institutions, granting access to potentially high-paying positions due to their specialized skills in handling investments. Additionally, the global recognition of the CFA designation allows professionals to explore job markets worldwide, potentially securing lucrative compensation packages and opportunities for career advancement within the finance industry. Average Chartered Financial Analyst Salary: Job Role Average Salary (INR) Top Location Chartered Financial Analyst ₹ 17,00,000 – 25,00,00 Mumbai, Delhi Source Also Read: Short Term Job Oriented Courses Top Data Science Skills to Learn Top Data Science Skills to Learn 1 Data Analysis Course Inferential Statistics Courses 2 Hypothesis Testing Programs Logistic Regression Courses 3 Linear Regression Courses Linear Algebra for Analysis 6. Certification in Digital Marketing With everything moving online, the days of using only billboards and flyers as marketing tools are long gone. Businesses are now looking to increase and maintain brand awareness using digital mediums. According to surveys, the Digital Marketing Industry contributes a lot to the employment sector. The year 2017 saw more than 1.5 lakh Digital Marketing related jobs, and the figure escalated to more than 2.8 lakhs in 2018. It is also expected that by 2021, most of the brands will have (or look to build) a solid online presence, thereby strengthening the claim that Digital Market is indeed a booming field. A course Digital Marketing, whether a short-term certification program or a full-time degree, will acquaint you with everything essential around driving various channels of Digital Marketing, including: Search Engine Optimization Search Engine Marketing Social Media Marketing Email Marketing Inbound Marketing Content Marketing Mobile Marketing Affiliate Marketing, and more. A digital marketing certification is presented to individuals after completing the stated requisites of an online digital marketing course. You can pursue one of the reliable 1 year courses after graduation in digital marketing. It helps you to verify our skills and education in the context of digital marketing strategies and techniques. Certified digital marketers can use the obtained certification to differentiate themselves from other digital marketers. So, it boosts their chances of getting recruited. Remember that a digital marketing certificate is different from a digital marketing degree. You can pursue one of the after degree courses like a Master’s in digital marketing by attending a regular university program. Topmost Digital Marketing Certifications in 2022: Here is the list of the best digital marketing certificates to become certified in digital marketing. Google Digital Marketing Certification –Offered by Google, this certification is regarded as one of the top IT courses after graduation. It covers various aspects of digital marketing, including search engine optimization (SEO), search engine marketing (SEM), social media, mobile marketing, analytics, and more. It consists of multiple modules with assessments for each. Harvard Digital Marketing Strategy Program –Provided by Harvard, this post graduation course offers an in-depth understanding of digital marketing strategies, consumer behavior, analytics, and emerging trends. It’s designed to equip participants with strategic thinking and planning skills. Reliablesoft Digital Marketing Certification –Reliablesoft’s certification program is one of the best certification courses. It covers a wide range of digital marketing topics, including SEO, content marketing, social media, PPC advertising, and email marketing. It’s a comprehensive course suitable for beginners and intermediate marketers. DMI Digital Marketing Pro Certificate –Offered by the Digital Marketing Institute (DMI), this post graduation course covers various areas of digital marketing, focusing on strategy, planning, execution, and optimization across different digital channels. Duke Digital Media and Marketing Certificate –Duke University’s program provides insights into digital marketing strategies, social media marketing, content marketing, and analytics. It’s designed for professionals seeking to enhance their marketing skills. Coursera Digital Marketing Specialization –Coursera offers a specialization covering various digital marketing topics. It includes courses on SEO, social media marketing, branding, marketing analytics, and more, offered by multiple universities and institutions. Simplilearn Digital Marketing Specialist Certificate –Simplilearn’s certification program provides a comprehensive understanding of digital marketing techniques, including SEO, PPC, social media, email marketing, content marketing, and analytics. LinkedIn Digital Marketing Certificate –LinkedIn offers courses covering different areas of digital marketing, providing insights into social media marketing, advertising, content strategy, and data analytics. OMCP Digital Marketing Certification –The Online Marketing Certified Professional (OMCP) certification validates expertise in online marketing concepts, including SEO, content marketing, social media, and more. Facebook Blueprint Certifications –Facebook Blueprint offers various IT courses after graduation. They focus on advertising, including Facebook and Instagram advertising, targeting, and analytics. PCM Digital Marketing Certification –PCM’s digital marketing certification covers essential digital marketing concepts, including SEO, social media marketing, PPC advertising, and analytics. YouTube Certification –YouTube offers certifications focusing on content creation, channel growth strategies, audience development, and monetization on the YouTube platform. Google Ads Marketing Certification –This certification by Google can help you gain a detailed understanding of Google Ads, including search, display, video, shopping ads, and measurement. Google Digital Marketing & eCommerce Certificate –If you are looking for reliable courses after graduation that cover various aspects of digital marketing and e-commerce, then Google’s certificate program is the best choice. It can help provide insights into strategies for online business growth. Google Analytics Certification –Offered by Google, this certification is regarded as one of the top after-graduation courses to choose from. It aims to enable students to gain proficiency in using Google Analytics to analyze website traffic, track user behavior, and make data-driven decisions. Notable courses, and the institutes offering them: Certified Digital Marketing Master (CDMM) by Digital Vaidya: This is a 6-months long course which comes at a price of INR 49,900 + 18% GST and offers plenty of study material and resources. Executive Program in Digital and Social Media Marketing by IIM Calcutta: This is a 6-months part-time course conducted by IIM Calcutta. If you’ve completed your Bachelor’s, you’re eligible to apply for the program. Executive Development Program in Digital Marketing by XLRI Jamshedpur: This program is 4-months long and is conducted online by XLRI Jamshedpur. The structure of this course is such that anybody who’s interested in learning the nuances of Digital Marketing can benefit from it – whether an executive, or a mid-level employee, or even an entrepreneur. Master’s in Digital Marketing by Delhi School of Internet Marketing: This institute is hailed as one of the leading Internet Marketing training providers for both professionals and students. This is a 2-year long classroom course that covers all nuts and bolts of digital marketing. Course duration: As mentioned earlier, the course duration depends on the type of program you opt for. With Digital Marketing, you have the flexibility to opt for either a 4-months long certification course or a 2-years long full-fledged degree. Eligibility Criteria: Most of the certification courses don’t have strict eligibility criteria, but some might require you to have a Bachelor’s degree. Job Opportunity: Digital Marketing is surely one such field that has gained immense popularity in the last decade or so and isn’t looking to stop anytime soon. According to Payscale, the starting salary of a Digital Marketing Manager is Rs. 5 LPA and above, depending on the skillset. Other than that, a certification in Digital Marketing opens avenues to job profiles like: Market research analyst, Content marketer/manager, Digital marketing consultant, SEO Manager, PPC Search Manager, Email marketer, and more. Average Digital Marketing Manager Salary Source Average Digital Marketing Manager Salary based on Locations: City Salary New Delhi ₹10.6 Lakh Bangalore ₹13 Lakh Mumbai ₹12.8 Lakh Gurgaon ₹12.1 Lakh Noida ₹8.9 Lakh Hyderabad ₹11.1 Lakh Pune ₹14.1 Lakh Chennai ₹8.8 Lakh Kolkata ₹8 Lakh Source Conclusion So, there – we have informed you about the top six trending professional courses that you can take up after your graduation. While choices are many, it is essential to first have a clear understanding of your innate interests, passion, and strengths before choosing the next step after graduation. Once you figure this out, everything else will become way easier. Explore diverse professional courses after graduation in arts and commerce, enhancing your career prospects and specialized skills. Unlock opportunities in fields like management, finance, and creative industries with targeted advanced studies. Selecting the right professional after degree course is crucial for shaping your career path. Before deciding, it’s crucial to know your interests, passions, and strengths. This self-awareness guides you toward courses aligned with what you love and excel in. Knowing yourself helps you choose wisely, ensuring your course matches your aspirations, leading to greater satisfaction and success.
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by upGrad

19 May 2024

8 Best Career Options after BA: What to do After BA? [2024]
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Summary: In this article, you will learn the 20 Exciting Software Development Project Ideas & Topics. Take a glimpse below. In this article, you will learn the 8 Best Career Options after BA. Take a glimpse below. Study Further in your Subject (MA) Become a Manager (MBA) Specialize in Business Analytics Become a Data Scientist (Diploma in Data Science) Learn Digital Marketing (PG Certification) Enter the Insurance Industry (Certification) Become a Lawyer (LLB) Journalism Read the full article to know more about the career opportunities in detail. Are you wondering what to pursue next after you’ve attained your BA degree? Keep reading! Bachelor’s of Arts of BA is one of the most widely opted courses among learners. The program extends specializations like English, Geography, Political Science, Economics, History, Psychology, or Archaeology to further proceed on definite career paths. Since BA specializations can branch out to numerous career opportunities, it may easily confuse learners as after B.A. which course is best to seek successful in English Bachelor of Arts jobs. In today’s article, we’ll look at some of the most prominent career options and learn after B.A. which course is best. If you are wondering top 10 courses after ba or career options after BA, you might get surprised to see some careers we’ve mentioned here, so read on and let us know what you think. Also, you can check out our digital marketing free courses which may help you strategise your career path. What is a Bachelor of Arts (BA)?   A bachelor’s degree in arts is a college or university degree offered in several topics. Every programme lets you major in a specific specialisation of your choice after covering the required general education courses in liberal arts and humanities subjects.  Since you may obtain a B.A. degree in a wide number of areas other than what you might consider art, the name “arts” might be deceptive. For example, scope after BA can help you prepare for a profession in marketing, business, or healthcare administration. Read on to know after ba which course is best or things to do after BA or best course after graduation in arts. How Do You Earn A Bachelor Of Arts Degree? A bachelor’s degree in arts usually requires four years of study. You might choose to study part-time to prolong it. In order to provide you with a comprehensive foundation of knowledge, you typically devote the first two years of your education to completing coursework in a variety of areas, such as the social sciences, humanities, languages, mathematics, sciences, and fine arts.  Your last years of study will be mostly devoted to your major’s coursework to learn better after B.A. which course is best. The lists of majors offered by various universities vary, so keep that in mind while selecting a university. If you are interested in two different subjects, you might be able to double major in both or add a minor, which is a specialisation that takes less coursework than your major. Scope of BA Degree    After ba what can I do? The B.A. is one of the most diverse courses in terms of graduate chances for higher education as well as job opportunities or jobs after BA in a variety of industries. Depending on the B.A. specialisation chosen, the student will be able to seek what to do after ba graduation or jobs after graduation in arts in their sector or the appropriate course for subsequent study. A BA graduate’s options are highly diverse, whether they choose to work or further their studies. Career Options after BA 1. Study Further in your Subject (MA) One of the most popular career options after a BA is doing a Master of Arts. If you’re highly interested in a particular subject you studied, this might be an excellent choice for you. Master of Arts refers to postgraduate degrees, which BA graduates can join to pursue higher studies in their preferred areas. To gain more proficiency in their fields and to broaden their career horizons, learners often go for a master’s degree in their choice of subject. It is one of the most preferred paths to consider after B.A. which course is best allowing students to navigate and explore other opportunities too. MA completion makes students eligible for doctorate programs. So, people interested in pursuing academic roles can opt for postgraduate studies. Learners receive an average Salary hike of 58% with the highest being up to 400%. What you can learn in this field You’ll mainly learn about your chosen subjects in more detail. MA programs are perfect for those who want to study higher and enter doctorate programs or M.Phil. MA allows you to expand your knowledge of a specific domain and get more advanced options in those sectors. You can get a taste of business management through a mini-MBA by joining the Management Essentials program from upGrad. For example, you can become a historian if you do a MA in History. On the other hand, if you want to become an economist, then you can get an MA in Economics.  An MA degree is also helpful when you want to become a teacher. These programmers make you specialized in a particular subject, so after completing them, you can become a teacher of that subject. However, you’ll need to appear for the NET/TET examination for that subject, too, if you want to teach at schools or colleges. However, if you wish to bounce to the marketing industry, you can join our digital marketing certificate program from MICA at upGrad and choose one or more specialisations, based on your interest. Check out the Job Linked Online Digital Marketing Bootcamp program from upGrad. Minimum Eligibility To pursue a Masters of Arts, you only need to have a BA degree. Apart from that, different colleges have different eligibility criteria, so be sure to check it out before you apply anywhere. Almost all the major universities and colleges in India offer this program under various specializations like higher studies after BA Economics, making it one of the most sought-after choices among students and ending their confusion about after BA English which course is better. BA student can get a job, leveraging skills in communication, critical thinking, and analysis. Opportunities exist in fields like marketing, education, administration, and more. 2. Become a Manager (MBA) MBA refers to Masters of Business Administration. It’s one of the most popular career choices in India among candidates who keep asking questions like ‘Can BA student do MBA?’ after a graduate degree. The reason why so many people choose this path is because of the numerous career opportunities it opens up for them. In an MBA program, you’ll learn about solving business problems, which would allow you to become a competent manager. An MBA can help you in both public and private enterprises. Similarly, knowing how to solve problems related to businesses will help you in entrepreneurship as well.  What you can learn in this field MBA teaches you about management, administration, and organization. It shows you how you can solve complex problems a business faces in its daily life. For example, in our Global MBA program, you learn about Strategic Thinking, Integrated Business Strategies, Change Management, and many similar topics. An MBA can open many doors for your career. You can pursue leadership opportunities in Business Development, Marketing, Human Resource Management, and Finance. The demand for MBA professionals is very high. Whether it’s startups or major corporations, everyone requires their services.  Learn more: Top 5 Highest Paying Jobs for MBA Graduates in India Minimum Eligibility You need to give the Common Admission Test (CAT) to apply for MBA degrees in numerous colleges and universities. Your CAT Score determines which colleges you can enter. On the other hand, you can get a Global MBA Degree with upGrad. It requires you to have a Bachelor’s degree and a minimum of three years of work experience.  Finished 12th and pondering over the future? Unveil the multitude of career options after 12th arts to find a path that resonates with your passion and skills. Average Manager Salary Source Average Manger Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹ 16.6 Lakhs New Delhi ₹ 16.0 Lakhs Mumbai ₹ 16.0 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹ 17.1 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹ 16.3 Lakhs Pune ₹ 16.5 Lakhs Chennai ₹ 16.5 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Manager salary? Source Experience Salary 4 Year ₹ 10.9 Lakhs 5 Year ₹ 11.9 Lakhs 6 Year ₹ 12.6 Lakhs 7 Year ₹ 13.8 Lakhs 8 Year ₹ 14.6 Lakhs Source Manager salary based on industries Industry Salary Financial Services ₹12.4 Lakhs IT Services & Consulting ₹20.7 Lakhs Banking ₹11.1 Lakhs Internet ₹17.7 Lakhs Manufacturing ₹16.8 Lakhs Source 3. Specialize in Business Analytics If you’ve always taken an interest in using the latest technologies to solve day-to-day problems, then you can pursue a career in Business Analytics. Business analytics focuses on investigating and exploring past business performance to get insight and make plans accordingly. As the name suggests, business analytics professionals analyze problems and derive practical solutions. They use the data of past decisions, performance, and results to make better decisions for the future of the company. What you can learn in this field First of all, you’ll learn to use multiple tech solutions to solve business-related problems. You’ll learn about Tableau, MS Excel, MySQL, Python, and many similar technologies. To get the best learning experience, you can get an MBA with a specialization in Business Analytics. You’ll also learn about the applications of analytics in Marketing, Human Resources, Supply Chain, Machine Learning, and Core Management skills. With this knowledge, you can become a Growth Manager, Management Consultant, or bag leadership roles in Finance, Marketing, Sales, and Strategy roles. Minimum Eligibility For PG courses, you only need to have a Bachelor’s degree. However, for the MBA with specialization in Business Analytics, you need to have a minimum of 55% marks and 3+ years of professional work experience and a Bachelor’s degree. Average Business Analytics Salary Source Average Business Analytics Salary Based on Cities City Salary New Delhi ₹ 5.8 Lakhs Mumbai ₹ 11.9 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹ 5.7 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹ 5.8 Lakhs Pune ₹ 6.1 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Business Analytics salary? Source Experience Salary 1 Year ₹ 6.2 Lakhs 2 Year ₹ 6.3 Lakhs 3 Year ₹ 6.5 Lakhs 4 Year ₹ 7.1 Lakhs 5 Year ₹ 11.0 Lakhs Source Business Analytics salary based on industries Industry Salary Financial Services ₹ 9.2 Lakhs IT Services & Consulting ₹ 6.5 Lakhs Software Product ₹6.8 Lakhs Internet ₹5.8 Lakhs Management Consulting ₹11.8 Lakhs Source Digital Marketing Free courses to Learn Influencer marketing free course Introduction to advertising free course Influencer marketing right free course SEO basics free course SEM basics free course Email marketing free course Social media marketing introduction free course How to leverage user generated content free course Content marketing free course Fundamentals of marketing free course Brand marketing masterclass free course   Featured Program For you MBA From Golden Gate University. 4. Become a Data Scientist (Diploma in Data Science) There’s a misconception among people that you need to have a Science degree or a tech-related degree to enter the field of data science. It’s wrong. You can become a data scientist with a BA degree too. You can get a Data Science course and embark on a new journey. Data Science is the field of using systems, algorithms, and scientific methods to extract insights from unstructured and structured data. It finds applications in data mining, big data, as well as deep learning. What you can learn in this field In our Data Science course, you learn about machine learning, predictive analysis, natural language processing, big data, and other relevant fields. With a diploma in Data Science, you can get a job in the tech sector. To become a data scientist, you’ll have to learn about many technologies such as Kera, MongoDB, Python, MS Excel, Hadoop, Tableau, and MySQL.  At upGrad, we offer a Post Graduate Diploma in Data Science from IIIT Bangalore. Apart from IIIT Bangalore, we offer certification from NASSCOM as well. This way, you get to learn from the best instructors.  Minimum Eligibility To enroll in our Data Science course, you only need to have a Bachelor’s degree. You don’t need any prior experience in coding or technology. So, if you have a BA, you are eligible to join this course. Average Data Scientist Salary Source Average Data Scientist Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹15.5 Lakhs New Delhi ₹13.6 Lakhs Mumbai ₹13.2 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹14.8 Lakhs Pune ₹12.8 Lakhs Chennai ₹13.3 Lakhs Noida ₹13.7 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹14.1 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Data Scientist salary? Source Experience Salary 1 Year ₹9.5 Lakhs 2 Year ₹10.5 Lakhs 3 Year ₹11.6 Lakhs 5 Year ₹16.4 Lakhs 8 Year ₹19.9 Lakhs Source Data Scientist salary based on industries Industry Salary IT Services ₹13.2 Lakhs Internet ₹18.3 Lakhs Software Product ₹16.6 Lakhs Financial Services ₹15.1 Lakhs KPO ₹15.3 Lakhs Source Explore our Popular Data Science Courses Executive Post Graduate Programme in Data Science from IIITB Professional Certificate Program in Data Science for Business Decision Making Master of Science in Data Science from University of Arizona Advanced Certificate Programme in Data Science from IIITB Professional Certificate Program in Data Science and Business Analytics from University of Maryland Data Science Courses You can also check out our free courses offered by upGrad in Management, Data Science, Machine Learning, Digital Marketing, and Technology. All of these courses have top-notch learning resources, weekly live lectures, industry assignments, and a certificate of course completion – all free of cost! 5. Learn Digital Marketing (PG Certification) Our list of answers to ‘What to do after BA?’ would be incomplete if we don’t mention this field.  Online businesses are growing at a rapid pace. Thanks to the advent of cheaper data packages and multiple startups, we have a thriving digital industry. The world has more than 4 billion internet users, which is a considerable number.  If you’ve always been interested in becoming a part of this digital industry, you can become a digital marketer. Digital marketers help businesses and organizations in promoting their services online. Digital marketers help their clients better use online platforms to get more customers and grow their businesses there. It can be a great career option for you if you’re interested in the online industry.  To become a digital marketer, you’ll have to take a PG course in digital marketing. After completing this course, you can choose from job roles like digital marketing executive, digital marketing manager, SEO executive, content writer, social media marketing expert, search engine marketer, and much more.  What you can learn in this field In our digital marketing course, you learn about SEO (Search Engine Optimization), SEM (Search Engine Marketing), Content Marketing, and Marketing Analytics. You’ll get to know how websites work, how social media platforms operate, and how you can leverage them. Digital marketers use many technologies, which you’ll learn about, such as Google Ads, HubSpot, WooRank, Facebook Ad Manager, and Google Analytics. Minimum Eligibility To enroll in our digital marketing course, you only need to have a Bachelor’s or equivalent degree. So if you have a BA degree, you are eligible to join our class and become a digital marketer. Average Digital Marketing Salary Source Average Digital Marketing Manager Salary Based on Cities City Salary New Delhi ₹10.6 Lakh Bangalore ₹13 Lakh Mumbai ₹12.8 Lakh Gurgaon ₹12.1 Lakh Noida ₹8.9 Lakh Hyderabad ₹11.1 Lakh Pune ₹14.1 Lakh Chennai ₹8.8 Lakh Kolkata ₹8 Lakh Source How does experience affect Digital Marketing Manager salary? Source Experience Salary 2 Year ₹5.0 Lakh 3 Year ₹5.8 Lakh 4 Year ₹7.0 Lakh 6 Year ₹8.3 Lakh 8 Year ₹9.7 Lakh 10 Year ₹10.9 Lakh Source Digital Marketing Manger salary based on industries Industry Salary IT Services & Consulting ₹13.6 Lakh Internet ₹13.5 Lakh Financial Services ₹12.4 Lakh Software Product ₹14.0 Lakh Manufacturing ₹22.1 Lakh Real Estate ₹10.8 Lakh Healthcare ₹11.3 Lakh Food Processing ₹13.2 Lakh Retail ₹14.0 Lakh Source 6. Enter the Insurance Industry (Certification) The insurance industry is growing at a fast pace in India. And in dangerous times like these, people want to have financial backing for emergencies. If you’re a people person, then you can enter the insurance sector and kickstart your career.  To enter this field, you can enroll in our PG Program in Life Insurance. It will provide you with a PG certificate, paid internship, and a full-time job with our partners. Your salary after completing the program can start from 2.5 LPA.   What you can learn in this field You get to learn about the Insurance Industry, sales skills, basics of financial services, Insurance products, and their regulations. It’s a great way to enter the financial sector. If you enroll in our course, you get a guaranteed role in HDFC’s front line sales team as a Business Development Manager, Corporate Agency Manager, or a Financial Planning Manager.  Minimum Eligibility The minimum eligibility to enroll in our life insurance course is a Bachelor’s degree at the start of the program, along with a minimum age of 21 years at its completion. Average Insurance Manager Salary Source Average Insurance Manager Salary Based on Cities City Salary New Delhi ₹3.8 Lakh Mumbai ₹3.5 Lakh Bangalore ₹3.7 Lakh Pune ₹3.4 Lakh Chennai ₹3.6 Lakh Gurgaon ₹4.9 Lakh Hyderabad ₹4.4 Lakh Kolkata ₹3.4 Lakh Noida ₹3.5 Lakh Source How does experience affect Insurance Manager salary? Source Experience Salary 1 Year ₹2.8 Lakh 2 Year ₹3.1 Lakh 4 Year ₹3.7 Lakh 6 Year ₹4.0 Lakh 7 Year ₹4.2 Lakh 10 Year ₹5.0 Lakh 15+ Year ₹7.2 Lakh Source Insurance Manager salary based on industries Industry Salary Financial Services ₹3.8 Lakh Automobile ₹3.4 Lakh Manufacturing ₹3.3 Lakh Insurance ₹3.8 Lakh Internet ₹4.3 Lakh Retail ₹5.3 Lakh Healthcare ₹6.8 Lakh Banking ₹4.9 Lakh Power ₹12.2 Lakh Food Processing ₹7.4 Lakh Source 7. Become a Lawyer (LLB) One of the most prevalent career options after BA is the law. Getting a Bachelor of Legislator Law (LLB) is imperative to become a lawyer in India. After you complete this course, you can practice as a lawyer. It’s a vast field for people who are interested in the judiciary. With an LLB, you can become a legal advisor for institutions and companies. You can also prepare for the Judicial Services Exam and become a judge, which is another popular career choice.  What you can learn in this field You’ll get to learn about how the judiciary works, the different components of India’s Constitution, and relevant topics. After getting an LLB, you can pursue advanced studies and specialize in a specific category of law such as criminal law, divorce laws, etc.  Minimum Eligibility Many major universities and colleges offer this program. To enroll in LLB, you’ll need to pass the respective admission test of the institute. If you want to join the prestigious National Law Universities, you’ll need to pass the cut-off in CLAT (Common Law Admission Test). You also need to have a Bachelor’s degree to enroll in LLB. Average Lawyer Salary Source Average Lawyer Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹4.3 Lakhs New Delhi ₹4.6 Lakhs Mumbai ₹4.8 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹4.5 Lakhs Pune ₹4.5 Lakhs Chennai ₹4.5 Lakhs Noida ₹4.6 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹4.7 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Lawyer salary? Source Experience Salary 1 Year ₹3.4 Lakh 2 Year ₹4.0 Lakh 4 Year ₹4.4 Lakh 6 Year ₹5.0 Lakh 8 Year ₹6.3 Lakh Source Lawyer salary based on industries Industry Salary Law Enforcement & Security ₹4.9 Lakh Federal Agencies ₹5.3 Lakh Financial Services ₹5.6 Lakh Legal ₹4.7 Lakh IT Services & Consulting ₹5.2 Lakh Source 8. Journalism Journalism is the most popular course available for students & one of the best courses after BA. Journalism involves gathering information and presenting it using different means of mass media. Journalists cover news and raise other pertinent issues in written, spoken, and visual formats. They may choose a niche in terms of the industry (crime, politics, sports, entertainment, business, and finance), or focus on a specific medium (print, broadcast, or digital).  A typical six-semester BA degree will serve as the foundation for your entry into the professional world. If you want to be a journalist, you should also try to gain some practical exposure in broadcasting, publishing, etc. Moreover, interacting with people from all walks of life will be a mainstay throughout your journalistic career. So, explore the different aspects of the occupation, gain new perspectives, and decide which option suits you the best. Higher studies after BA Economics is also a great option. At upGrad, we have mentored thousands of students from across the globe for different courses and careers. Checkout our degree courses offered by upGrad in association with top universities for motivated students like you looking for state-of-the-art BBA courses after completing their 12th. Average Journalist Salary Source Average Journalist Salary Based on Cities City Salary New Delhi ₹4.8 Lakh Kolkata ₹5.1 Lakh Mumbai ₹4.9 Lakh Bangalore ₹6.0 Lakh Hyderabad ₹2.5 Lakh Noida ₹2.9 Lakh Chennai ₹2.8 Lakh Pune ₹4.1 Lakh Source How does experience affect Journalist salary? Source Experience Salary 1 Year ₹2.5 Lakh 3 Year ₹3.4 Lakh 4 Year ₹3.8 Lakh 6 Year ₹4.3 Lakh 10 Year ₹5.8 Lakh Source Journalist salary based on industries Industry Salary Media & Entertainment ₹5.0 Lakh Printing & Publishing ₹3.5 Lakh Broadcasting ₹3.3 Lakh Internet ₹4.4 Lakh Financial Services ₹3.4 Lakh IT Services & Consulting ₹7.1 Lakh Source Job-oriented Certification and Diploma Courses Instead of thinking, ‘Can I do MBA after BA?’ to land high-paying jobs, candidates interested in short-term courses to upskill can go for job-oriented certification and diploma courses after exploring Bachelor of Arts jobs. These span for 5-12 months and provide exceptional upskilling opportunities.  The job-oriented part of these courses also helps candidates confused with questions like ‘can we do MBA after BA’, find lucrative opportunities in diverse fields right after course completion. Platforms like upGrad have many such certification courses equipping students with in-demand skills and providing immediate BA degree jobs.  Advanced Certificate in Digital Marketing and Communication is one widely opted certification course from upGrad that has helped hundreds of students navigate their path and create a successful career in digital marketing. Competitive Examinations Besides applying for jobs for BA students, candidates can look for attractive opportunities working under the government through competitive government examinations. Major examinations demand BA as their basic eligibility criterion, so you can start preparing for career opportunities for BA degree jobs in sectors like railways, civil, administrative departments, and various other industries.  Excelling through government examination in India is a dream and passion for thousands of youngsters. If you wish to serve the people by becoming a part of government institutions, preparing for competitive exams is your best bet. The only thing candidates must know is it demands exceptional dedication, commitment, and hard work.  Human Resource Specialist  The HR is one of the best options to pursue after BA. As an HR professional, the jobs after BA becomes much more wider as all the organisations require the human resource professionals to manage their day-to-day operations along with the organisation level operations.  The career options after BA becomes many, from the HR Specialist, Talent Azqusition Specialist, etc. They are responsible for identifying the candidates who proves to be promising and bring success to the organisation. If you pursue HR, your career after ba becomes sky rocketing due to the many employers in the market as well. Minimum Eligibility The minimum eligibility to become a Human Resource Specialist typically includes a bachelor’s degree in human resources, business administration, or a related field. Some positions may also require relevant experience or additional certifications. Average Human Resource Specialist Salary Source Average Human Resource Specialist Salary Based on Cities City Average Annual Salary Bangalore ₹6.7 Lakhs New Delhi ₹7.9 Lakhs Mumbai ₹7.9 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹7.4 Lakhs Pune ₹8 Lakhs Chennai ₹7.6 Lakhs Kolkata ₹6.3 Lakhs Specialisation in Cybersecurity  The technology is advancing rapidly and so are the crimes related to the cyber world. There is a pertinent need for creating a strong cybersecurity in place. There are various information which gets safeguarded such as computers, networks, and data. This is what to do after BA if you are very much interested in the world of cyber security as this is the best courses after BA. People who are wondering ‘What after BA?’, ‘After BA what we can do?’, ‘After BA which course is best?’ or ‘After BA what can I do?’ can be assured that you will succeed if you put your mind and efforts into doing  anything you choose. P.G. Diploma Courses   The top 10 courses after BA are as follows: – P.G. Diploma in Management (PGDM)   A sought-after postgraduate diploma program known as the Post Graduate Diploma in Management, or PGDM, delves into the intricacies of various management aspects and the business landscape. This management program is widely favoured by working professionals and students, as it equips them with critical thinking skills essential for addressing the challenges encountered in their daily work, academic pursuits, and other contexts. The PGDM is a rigorous qualification ideally suited for individuals aspiring to build a career in management. Given the evolving nature of the world, the requirements of organisations, institutions, and enterprises undergo continual change. This dynamic landscape creates a substantial demand for individuals to fill roles as managers, leaders, functional heads, and specialists. P.G. Diploma in Business Analytics (PGDBA)   This is the best courses after BA. The Postgraduate Diploma in Business Analytics (PGDBA), a comprehensive two-year program, imparts a profound understanding of business analytics. It provides enrolled students with a unique combination of specialised knowledge in the field of analytics. The PGDBA is structured to facilitate rapid learning, placing a primary focus on enhancing students’ proficiency in applying analytical skills. The central theme of the course revolves around the integration of business analytics with other informational resources. Given the rise of self-initiated businesses and enterprises, the PGDBA holds significant promise. Business analytics is in high demand as organisations seek assistance formulating and sustaining their growth objectives. P.G. Diploma in Marketing   This is another career options after BA. Marketing stands as the paramount element in every business, being the sole avenue to reach the intended target audience and generate revenue. The proper utilisation of marketing is indispensable for the prosperity of businesses. It is undeniably accurate to assert that within large organisations, marketing emerges as the most critical component. Substantial financial investments are made by major corporations to enlist industry specialists, ensuring the effective execution of marketing strategies. P.G. Diploma in Fashion Designing   Fashion design stands out as one of the most sought-after and imaginative professions globally, catering to individuals who relish exploring fashion trends, sketching patterns, and conceiving innovative ideas for the realm of style. If you’ve ever pondered the initiation of a career in fashion design, the first step involves enrolling in a foundational design certificate or degree program. This educational endeavour equips you with the intricacies of crafting clothing and garments, along with staying abreast of the latest trends in the industry. P.G. Diploma in Finance   Opting for a career after BA in finance presents one of the most financially rewarding choices, given its focus on the study of money, investments, risks, debit and credit, and market trends. The pursuit of increased profits and revenues is a common goal for every business, and professionals in financial management play a pivotal role in formulating and implementing effective financial strategies and policies. This field stands out as one of the top career options following a B.A. in economics, offering ample job opportunities for individuals with such qualifications. P.G. Diploma in Computer Applications (PGDCA)   Numerous computer applications courses, such as B.C.A., M.C.A., and Diploma programs, are available, providing a valuable edge in the tech industry. Among these, the Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Applications (PGDCA) stands out as one of the most sought-after courses. Offered by many universities, PGDCA provides a fundamental comprehension of computers and various operating systems, ensuring that you stay current with the latest technology trends. P.G. Diploma in Development Studies   Emerging as an amalgamation of diverse multidisciplinary social science domains, the study of development gained prominence in the latter half of the 20th century as third-world nations endeavoured to establish themselves post-years of colonisation. This field of study places significant emphasis on analysing the transformations of countries from political, economic, cultural, socioeconomic, and geographical perspectives. P.G. Diploma in Social Work   The specialised degree known as a Masters in Social Work (M.S.W.) is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of society’s social and hierarchical structures. Upon completion of the course, students will possess the knowledge and skills necessary to assist those in need when learning after B.A. which course is best. Career Options After B.A. Economics The field of economics presents a diverse range of opportunities. Here are some of the leading career paths after B.A which course is best in economics: Economist: Economists examine economic issues and research trends, often finding employment in consulting firms, research organisations, and government agencies. Financial Analyst: Financial Analysts assess investment opportunities for both businesses and individuals. They typically work in banks, insurance companies, and mutual fund organisations. Data Analyst: Graduates with a background in economics, equipped with strong quantitative and analytical skills, excel in roles as data analysts. Career Options after B.A Psychology After earning a B.A. in Psychology, individuals encounter a multitude of career pathways. They may opt to pursue a master’s degree in Psychology to attain licensure as a psychologist or specialise in areas such as clinical psychology, counselling, or organisational psychology. Alternatively, avenues like research, human resources, or social services are available, as well as the option to further their education in related domains like neuroscience or forensic psychology. The field of psychology presents diverse opportunities for individuals to contribute significantly to improving people’s lives. Career Options after B.A Sociology Do you want to know after B.A which course is best? Completing a B.A. in Sociology gives individuals the opportunity to explore a range of career possibilities. They can engage in roles within social services, community development, human resources, or research. Additionally, there is the option of pursuing advanced studies in sociology or related fields like social work or public policy to delve deeper into specialised areas, thereby enhancing career prospects. Sociology graduates bring with them valuable analytical and critical thinking skills that are applicable to various professional domains. Best Career Options after B.An L.L.B Obtaining a B.A. L.L.B. degree can give individuals access to excellent career opportunities. They can embark on a career as lawyers, working in law firms, corporate legal departments, or as advisors. Alternatively, they may choose legal consulting, law enforcement, or judicial roles. Another avenue involves pursuing advanced education in specialised fields like international or intellectual property law. The combination of B.A. L.L.B. establishes a robust foundation for a successful career in the legal domain. Career Options after B.A Arts After achieving a B.A. in Arts, individuals find themselves with a broad spectrum of career possibilities. They can choose to enter professions in journalism, public relations, marketing, advertising, human resources, education, or social work. Moreover, there’s the option to explore entrepreneurship and creative industries or pursue advanced studies in specialised areas to enrich their expertise and enhance career prospects. The versatile skills acquired during a B.A. in Arts unlock diverse professional opportunities. Career Options after B.A Geography Honours After earning a B.A. Honours in Geography, individuals encounter a range of career possibilities. They can opt for careers as urban planners, environmental consultants, G.I.S. analysts, cartographers, or research analysts. Additional opportunities include roles in fields such as transportation, tourism, disaster management, or sustainability. The specialised knowledge gained through a geography honours program equips graduates with skills applicable to various industries and sectors. Career Options after B.A History If you are wondering after B.A which course is best upon attaining a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) degree in History, individuals open up many career avenues. They can choose careers in education, research, journalism, museum curation, archival work, or heritage preservation. Other options encompass roles in publishing, writing, law, government services, and pursuing advanced studies in History or related disciplines. The critical thinking, research, and analytical skills acquired during a B.A. in History establish a robust foundation for various professional paths. Choose Your Career Wisely So, there you go – we tried our best to answer the question ‘What to do after BA?’ While you have an ocean of opportunities and jobs for BA students, don’t be overwhelmed. Instead, conduct a self-assessment to decide which pathway is the best for your career goals. There are many career opportunities available, and you should choose one according to your interests.  For candidates still confused about their best-suited path, upGrad has career support and counseling services to narrow down your doubts and create a precise picture of what you can achieve with your skills. So, seek whatever help you require to assist you through this crucial process, as it is one of the most significant turning points in your career. 
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by Nitin Gurmukhani

16 May 2024

25 Best Career Options For Commerce Students [Trending Professional Courses in 2024]
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Having cleared your tenth boards, you must have faced the impending question to select a particular stream. The inclination towards science will result in its selection, and the choice towards the other two- arts or Commerce comes suspending with the options the student has after they select a particular option. Wondering what to do after 12th commerce? If you are trying to find the courses after 12th commerce, you learn accounts, finance, and business aspects, and you always have an opportunity to switch to Arts-based on your interests in the field. The future scope of commerce is bright and the commerce stream jobs have the ability to provide high salary if you choose the best career in commerce. So, this is the article for students who are wondering what to do after 12th commerce.  You can also check out our free courses offered by upGrad in Management, Data Science, Machine Learning, Digital Marketing, and Technology.  Learners receive an average Salary hike of 58% with the highest being up to 400%. Commerce is a well-structured field to start your career plan with. Before taking the commerce field, check out all the professional courses after 12th commerce available and decide which one would be more suitable to you. To find the best career in commerce, you need to know the list of options you have. Completing your 11th-12th in Commerce after your higher secondary class ten board examinations will open up possibilities for you to select your option of a career plan.  Also check our useful program on Advanced Certification in Digital Marketing – MICA Most of the commerce stream jobs require on-the-job experience and some skills sets to help you grow. Courses after 12th commerce have a lot of scope and advantage if taken correctly.  So, if you are wondering what are all the career options after 12th commerce, this article will guide you. Students having studied Commerce can pursue their professions in any of the following with the commerce courses offered: Let’s discuss in detail about the professional courses after 12th commerce. There are various commerce jobs list and salary one can compare and choose the best suitable options. Also read: Top 10 Highest Paid Jobs in India in Commerce Field Why Enrol In The Best Courses For Commerce Students? After 12 commerce what to do? This is very important question every student think after completing class 12th. You can pursue research opportunities or establish a reputable, lucrative job by enrolling in the best courses for commerce students. Let’s examine the advantages of selecting a course on the 12th following commerce. Numerous Career Prospects After commerce career options you have a lot of employment alternatives. Jobs in the banking, investing, consulting, finance, and insurance sectors are among them. You can select one of the best courses for commerce students based on your career goals and areas of interest. Real-Life Uses The best career options after 12th commerce for girls & boys both come with practical applications that are evident at both the micro and macro levels of life. These programs provide you with the knowledge you need to create successful enterprises, manage your money better, and even preserve economies.  Every commerce career options has real-world applications. You learn how to operate a business, become financially literate, and discover how to multiply your money through investments. High-Paying Jobs What we can become by taking commerce? Making money is one of the main advantages of pursuing a commerce course following your 12th-grade year. Compared to all other domains, science and the humanities offer less high-paying professions than commerce-based fields.  An employee will never earn as much as a businessman. Scientists and engineers will earn less money than investment bankers or chartered accountants.  Career Options for Commerce Students 1. Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com) This degree is the most customary course that students tend to choose after their class 12th completion. It is a 3 year degree course that provides curricular knowledge on subjects like Accountancy, Statistics, Management, Human Resource, Computer, Economics, etc. You can swiftly get admission to the various varied universities or institutions offering this course, based on your scores in class 10th and 12th boards. B.Com is one of the best commerce courses available and one of the best professional courses after 12th commerce.  B.Com does not have a high difficulty level in the course structure, and students seeking this can easily practice and pursue other courses to gain specialization in different fields. Learn more about career options after B.Com. This is one of the initial career options after 12th commerce which the students tend to pursue. 2. Bachelor of Laws (LLB) Having concluded your class 12th commerce, LLB emerges as one of the options that present enormous scope for students ahead in their career. Governed by The Bar Council of India (BCI), an LLB degree offers students to be of influence as lawyers or advocates. This program entails the study of subjects like Family Law, Constitutional Law, Property Law, Company Law, Administrative Law, etc. LLB is one of the popular choices for professional courses after 12th commerce by students. This is one of the best courses for commerce students to pursue posy- completion.  Also, Check out online degree programs at upGrad. 3. Cost and Management Accountant (CMA) Just like the CA course, this degree is a professional course offered by The Institute of Cost Accountants of India. Similar to CA and CS, the curriculum is a formation of different levels, for students to clear the rounds.same as CA and CS. CMA is one of the best career in commerce. Following this course, it is required of students to obtain education and expertise associated with subjects like Cost & Management Accounting, Fundamentals of Commercial and Industrial Laws,  Laws and Ethics, etc. This is one of the in-demand commerce professional courses. 4. Chartered Accountancy (CA) The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India administers the professional course for students having completed their class 12th in commerce. This professional course comprises various levels. CA is one of the famous and the best career in commerce. Students need to clear one to be eligible to sit for the next level with a higher difficulty level. If you are looking for the best commerce courses after 12th, CA is one of the best option out there.  The overall difficulty level of this course is very high when compared with bachelor’s degrees. For a student to gain this certification will earn the CA title, and will yield profitable returns and one of the best careers in commerce. CA is one of the highest salary commerce stream jobs in the market. One of the most popular commerce courses available.  The level of difficulty under this course is much higher as compared to other bachelor courses. Subjects included in this course are Accounting, Cost Accounting and Financial Management, Advanced Accounting, Taxation, Auditing and Assurance, Business Laws, Ethics and Communication, Information Technology and Strategic Management, Corporate and other Laws, etc. Curious about the most lucrative career paths in commerce? Explore our detailed guide on the highest paid jobs in India in commerce, and aim for a prosperous future in the business world. 5. Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) Thinking about what to do after 12th commerce and interested in business administration? Want to get into business administration right from the beginning? The BBA is a common choice amongst students after they’ve completed their class 12th having studied commerce. It is a three-year undergraduate program where students obtain an education based on the principles of business and its administration. Business aspects and methodologies are taught from the very beginning, and students learn methods of corporate operations and laws in functionality. This option is suited for students who have decided to join companies or run their businesses from a very starting phase of their careers and want all the expertise and skills to be taught right from where it starts. Considering your next steps after B.Com? Explore the variety of career options after BCom to navigate your future with confidence. 6. Company Secretary (CS) Unlike the CA certification, the CS or Company Secretary course is under the administration of The Institute of Company Secretaries of India(ICSI). Students with an inclination towards theoretical courses in Law choose this course for a career option. It is one of the best courses after 12th commerce.  The degree brings laurels to the candidate bearing it, and, like the CA course has levels to clear each time till they reach the final CS Professional Programme category. The course provides an understanding of the legal purposes and agreements of companies. It will earn the applicants senior-level positions in corporate organizations. It is one of the attractive commerce courses available.  7. Certified Financial Planner (CFP) Considered as one of the best careers in commerce, the Financial Planning Standards Board India (FPSB) administers and supervises this professional course. For students having an interest in financial planning subjects, the courses certify and recognize expertise and knowledge in topics like financial planning and taxes, retirement, insurance, and estate planning. CFP is one of the top professional courses in commerce field.  8. Bachelor of Economics One of the best professional courses after 12th commerce, this three-year course is an essential and profitable alternative open for students. Following this program, students get exposed to various financial concepts and analytical methods in economic studies. For learners having an interest in economics, this is a desiring option to secure knowledge and skills in understanding the underlying concepts and principles governing the subject. Subjects included in this course along the lines of economics are microeconomics and macroeconomics, econometrics, statistics, history of economics, political economy etc make this one of the best career options in commerce.  9. Journalism and Mass Communication Journalism and Mass Communication is a course different from the business courses that offer education related to finance and business topics. Students who have the interest to seek a career in media houses, be it print media or digital media for content creation and delivery, can opt for this course. This degree is a three-year program that will explore your skills and provide you with an education in Media and Indian Polity, Public Relations and Corporate Communication, Event Management, etc. Learn: Top 10 Online Courses with High Salary 10. Bachelor of Commerce in Financial Market (BFM) The BFM  is one of the most sorted commerce career options.  The three-year undergraduate degree program teaches students about finance, financial markets and their functions. The students can get various career opportunities after pursuing the relevant commerce group courses. 11. Bachelor’s in Accounting and Finance It is a three-year graduate course that helps students learn about accounting and finance. The students get to learn about the technicalities of accounting and finance, which sets them up for successful career options for commerce students. The scope for commerce students in this subject is very high as various recruiters are in the market for this background students.  12. Bachelor of Commerce in Banking and Insurance (BBI) The students of BBI get their education in a niche and expertise area, allowing them to become skilled in a dedicated role. This is one of the good professional courses for commerce students which opens various doors for them. It is a three-year course which teaches about Banking and Insurance. It is one of the promising career options in commerce.  13. CMA or Certified Management Accountant This is an another career for commerce students. An expert in the field of management accounting and financial management is a CMA. Financial planning, control, analysis, and decision support are among the skills these people possess. After finishing your tenth class, you can enrol in the CMA foundation course.  It needs a 12th pass to sit for the CMA foundation exam. To be admitted directly to the intermediate course, you need to have completed your graduation.  14. Product Management Every business continuously creates cutting-edge products and services using the most recent technical advancements to cater to a worldwide market. A product manager is an essential team member from the first phases of conceptualisation to design and production.  From Microsoft to Tesla, every company is always looking to hire highly innovative and visionary product managers with the necessary qualifications. Given this, one can say that product management is one of the best courses for commerce students to pursue after 12th grade. 15. CPA or Certified Public Accountant  Certified public accountants for companies, customers, and the government manage accounting, reporting, taxes, and auditing procedures. They provide enlightening information about behaving sensibly with money when the risks are great.  It is among the highest-paying professions for commerce students in the US and worldwide. The AICPA is responsible for administering the CPA exam. Finished your BBA and exploring what’s next? Unlock a world of opportunities with our guide on career options after BBA to navigate your professional journey ahead. 16. Industry Oriented Integrated Courses Scope for commerce students in industry-focused jobs in India are many. Various industry-focused courses on the market are available, including integrated BBA-CA, integrated B.Com, integrated BBA-IB, and integrated BBA.  These professional courses in commerce adopt an industry-centric approach to education, whereby industry perspectives are considered throughout the subject matter. 17. Investment Advisor Investment advisors is another commerce group courses that counsel their clients on which stocks to buy in the stock market to minimise losses. They oversee their clients’ assets. This is one of the high-level positions in the business sector where a college degree is not necessary for the professional.  To enrol in the Investment Advisor certification program, candidates must pass the CFA or NISM exam. Additionally, they must be registered with SEBI, India’s Securities and Exchange Board.  18. CFA or Chartered Financial Analyst A certified professional who attests to a financial analyst’s competence is called a chartered financial analyst (CFA). In the realm of investment analysis, they are regarded as the gold standard. You must clear the three exam levels to enrol in the CFA courses.  The CFA exam is open to graduate professionals who fulfil the requirements. An international passport and residency in one of the participating countries are prerequisites for taking the exam.  19. Actuary What can a commerce student do after 12? If statistics, arithmetic, and business management are your strong suits, you can easily break into this industry and make a meaningful contribution to the commercial world. Financial modelling and risk analysis related to property damage, disability, or other potential issues that could affect the organisation may be part of your daily tasks.  One of the greatest jobs in business is becoming an actuary; besides being extremely versatile, it also allows you to work for a well-established company or on your own. 20. Media Science & Graphic Designing These two are among the best courses for commerce students or commerce stream career options who possess the ability to comprehend and produce visually appealing designs. Graphics are particularly well-suited for graphic design courses and multimedia.  In the long term, it may turn out to be a very fruitful strategy with excellent returns. To become a valuable graphic designer in today’s world, you need to be knowledgeable about the specifics of digital media. After 12th commerce, this is among the top professional courses for commerce students available. If we take commerce what are the career options? Students can apply for it immediately following +2. There are various advanced curriculum programs in graphic design, including certificate programs, diploma programs, undergraduate programs, and doctorate programs. As a result of the widespread usage of digital technology, job openings are abundant nowadays. Jobs as graphic designers, web designers, photo editors, film editors, architects, and engineering drafters are all available to you. Additionally, user interface designers and flash animators work for several agencies. All businesses need graphic designers, whether they are e-learning providers, advertising agencies, or small publishing houses, to polish their material and distribute it across many platforms. A broad summary of the subjects taught in the graphic design professional courses in commerce is as follows: Principles Of Management Digital Publishing Background And Concept Sound Recording Flash And Scripting For Web 2d And 3d Animation Language Planning Portfolio Development Fundamentals Of Graphics Designing And Multimedia Visual Communication Typography And Generic Skills CAD (Computer-Aided Design) Animation Visual Effects Sound Principles Team Management Multimedia Authoring and Others. 21. BDes in Design The Bachelor of Design (BDes), sometimes known as BDesign, is a well-known undergraduate design degree. Fashion design, interior design, accessory design, textile design, and many other specialisations are among the many options for a four-year, full-time program that leads to a B.Des degree.  Various design specialisations, such as multimedia design, visual communication, graphic design, visual effects design, and game design, are currently offered under the BDes degree, which has evolved over time. 22. Retail Management Retail manager salaries are sometimes among the highest in the industry, making it one of the fastest-growing occupations. A retail manager keeps up the running of a store. They keep in constant contact with the clients while attending to the demands of the workforce.  Professionals with a background in retail management courses are knowledgeable about consumer acquisition strategies, retail philosophies, and brands. 23. Strategic Management To effectively manage one’s career, strategies and actions must be developed and put into action. This is known as career strategic management. Taking charge of one’s job destiny and making decisions that will result in a fulfilling and prosperous career is what it entails.  Given your PMP certification and training, this is the position you will most likely hold as a future strategic project manager. 24. Aviation Courses Individuals who aspire to become air hostesses, cabin crew, or commercial pilots enrol in these courses. You will be able to become a professional in aviation by gaining the necessary abilities through the practical knowledge gained from these courses. As early as sixteen years old, you can choose these courses.  25. Side Courses for Commerce Students Side courses after 12 commerce are short-termed courses a candidate can pursue while pursuing their current degree. These side courses after 12 commerce are heavily skill-emphasized and prepare learners to bag opportunities in the real world through applicable skills. Side courses for commerce students can be great to enhance already attained skills and gain an edge over other candidates.  Here are a few side courses after 12th commerce: Diploma in Advanced Accounting: A diploma in advanced accounting is a four-year course after 12th commerce, preparing candidates to pursue accounting roles in the future. The course covers advanced accounting operations to achieve proficiency in topics like mergers, currencies, acquisitions, financial statements, lease contracts, funds, etc. These skills offer eligible candidates jobs after 12th commerce such as accountant, financial advisor, tax advisor, or budget analyst to help people make financial decisions. Certificate in Banking: Certification in banking is a course that usually spans six months to a year, helping students to bag positions as financial or banking professionals. It is one of the best courses after 12th commerce that offers industry-relevant skills to learners aiming to boost their careers for lucrative jobs. Such side courses for commerce students imparts knowledge about the banking sector and its organs, such as tax regimes, policies, funds, history, current scenario of banking instruments, etc.  Diploma in Retail Management: With the rising trends and opportunities extended to the retail sector, many candidates are inclining toward job opportunities in the retail sector. A diploma in retail management makes it possible through its comprehensive course structure, including the fundamentals of retail management, market details, segmentation, merchandising, retail pricing, operations, and customer management, preparing learners to win the potential jobs after 12th commerce heads on.   Certificate in Entrepreneurship: Growing entrepreneurial talent in the nation demands skilled candidates to take on the role and expand it towards success. Instead of entering the field inexperienced, a certification in entrepreneurship can help kickstart your business journey. The course offers fundamentals and advanced concepts of managing business ventures through inter and intra-personal skills. The course curriculum includes structured experiments, market assessment, raising capital, engagement with potential investors, and intricate operations, helping your business evolve over time.  Certificate course in Advertising or Marketing: Establishing a place for your brand among competitive brands can be tiring when you lack the right skills and tools. Certification courses in advertising or marketing prevent a lack of insight in extending the right tools and strategies to deliver quality marketing schemes and win over customers. The certification covers online and offline marketing instruments to help candidates gain proficiency in both aspects. Following are some of the best Professional courses for commerce students. Courses Offered by upGrad There are various certifications in varied fields that are tailor-made to formulate a thriving career. It provides for the development of skills and expertise required with each industry.  These courses concentrate and aim to prepare the student’s career by training them in talent sessions, aptitude tests as well as interview preparation.  Data Science upGrad is offering the country’s leading program- Executive PG Program in Data Science from IIIT-B. Chief Data Science faculty and professionals in the industry will be mentoring you in this course. Learners wondering what to do after 12th commerce and has interest in tech, it’s a twelve-month program designed specifically for students who have completed their Bachelor’s degree, and are determined to drive their career further in the field. The course offers the best training in knowledge and expertise on Data Science modules (like Statistics, Databases, Business Problem Solving, Cost Modelling, Advanced-Data Visualization, Big Data, RevenuePredictive Analytics using Python, Machine Learning and Finance, etc.). Data scientist profile is now one of the most coveted professions that are in demand by big corporations and startups as well. The PG Diploma is from the IIIT-B and comes with five specializations from which you can choose the one that best suits your educational background & work ambitions. The course provides opportunities in career-growth options like Data Analysts, Machine Learning Engineers, and Data Scientists and assists with job profiles in Top Firms. Digital Marketing upGrad, with India’s top university in marketing, MICA, has come up with the Advance Certification in Digital Marketing and Communication Students with a Bachelor’s or an Equivalent Degree are qualified for the course. On the program conclusion, you’ll get the Post Graduate Certification from MICA and upGrad certificate along with a certificate from Facebook, in Growing Business with Facebook. Industry professionals and instructors from the best university in the industry will mentor you on topics like Branding, SEO, SEM, Marketing Analytics, Content Marketing, and Social Media. This curriculum has three different Customised Tracks for Sharper Outcomes- the Executive, Management & Leadership Track. It’s a twenty-six-week program explicitly designed for students who have completed their Bachelor’s degree, and are resolute to manage their career notably in the field. The course offers the best education in information and expertise for job opportunities like  Media, SEM Manager, SEO Specialist, Digital Marketing Manager, Social and Content Manager. Check out the digital marketing job opportunity after getting the course done. Full Stack Development To help you leap towards your dream of becoming a Software Developer, upGrad has Executive PG Program in Full-Stack Software Development course. On completing the entire eleven-month program, you’ll be certified with Post Graduate Diploma from IIIT Bangalore and receive the university’s Alumni status. The best of the country’s Software Engineering faculty and Industry leaders will be mentoring students with skills like Rich & Interactive Web UI Backend APIs and Build Robust and Scalable Websites. BBA At upGrad, we have mentored thousands of students from across the globe for different courses and careers. Checkout our degree courses offered by upGrad in association with top universities for motivated students like you looking for state-of-the-art BBA courses after completing their 12th. Check out our course page and know all about the syllabus, features, fees, and more! Digital Marketing Free courses to Learn Influencer marketing free course Introduction to advertising free course Influencer marketing right free course SEO basics free course SEM basics free course Email marketing free course Social media marketing introduction free course How to leverage user generated content free course Content marketing free course Fundamentals of marketing free course Brand marketing masterclass free course Choosing The Best Commerce Course After 12th: Learn How When you talk about the scope for commerce students there are numerous things to consider. Among the crucial elements while opting for courses after 12th commerce are: –  Job Objectives Which job aspirations do you have in mind? What we can become by taking commerce, what type of work are you hoping to have? To select the best courses for commerce students after +2, be sure the course or career for commerce students will assist you in reaching your objectives. Study Topics In The 12th Grade In the 12th grade, what subjects did you study? You might want to think about pursuing a professional courses after 12th commerce in that field if you do well in that particular subject.  The Length Of The Course Is the course duration? Is the course offered full- or part-time? Verify if you are able to dedicate yourself to the entire course.  Tuition Fees Are the course fees affordable for you? Make sure all of the expenses related to the course, including textbooks, supplies, and lodging, have been considered.  Location Understanding the location of the course is crucial to selecting the finest courses after commerce 12th grade. Check if the course is available where you wish to study if that is a certain city or nation.  Institution’s Status How well-known is the organisation that is providing the course? Make sure to investigate the school and peruse testimonials from former enrollees. To lay a strong foundation, you can choose to enrol in the best courses for commerce students after completing your +2.  Conclusion If you were wondering what to do after 12th commerce or searching for IT courses after 12th commerce, these are the top career options for commerce students to get high paying commerce stream jobs. Students often find themselves in a dilemma to select the best curriculum for their career plan. Courses after 12th commerce are plenty but choosing the right makes or breaks everything. We believe that your question of which career is best for commerce students is answered by now. The scope of commerce or IT courses after 12th commerce  is satisfactory. With various options in Accounting, Finance, Engineering, Marketing, or Business Administration, you should first work on your interest after plus two commerce courses, decide the career path and then select the best career in commerce that agrees well with your plan onward. Before selecting after plus two commerce courses, find the salary range, eligibility, skills required and institution.  We hope you liked our article about the best career options in commerce. If you need career guidance, you can talk to our student counsellors.
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by Nitin Gurmukhani

16 May 2024

Top 7 Guesstimate Interview Questions & Answers [For Freshers]
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Summary In this article, you will learn about the 7 most common guesstimate interview questions & answers. Take a glimpse. 1. How many cups of tea were consumed in Mumbai last month? 2. How many iPhones are currently being used in India? 3. How many cars are there in Delhi? 4. What is the size of the laptop market in the USA? 5. How many ping-pong balls can fit inside a Boeing 747? 6. How many tennis balls can be fitted inside a room? 7. What is the total number of refrigerators being sold in India each year? Read the full article to know more in detail on how to find answers to such questions. If you plan on having a career in the consulting industry, you need to know how to guesstimate. Guestimation can feel like a daunting task, especially when you first look at the kind of questions asked. From the market sizes of large conglomerates to revenues and populations, calculating some of these quantities even close to a ballpark is realistically impossible. However, it is here that you must realise that guesstimation is never about the answer. Guesstimate interview questions assess you according to the approach that you take in solving a certain question. This approach tells your prospective employer whether you are fit for the job you are applying for. Check out our free courses offered by upGrad under IT technology. You might be looking up stuff such as how to solve guesstimates, guesstimate cheatsheet, guess estimates guide, what is a guesstimate and how to frame a guesstimate approach. Read on to understand the topic in-depth and find top tips to tackle such questions. Guesstimates are generally asked in the first round of consulting company interviews. Typically, this will be followed by a business case round and then a personal interview. Guesstimates require significant amounts of practice before you sit for the interview. Look up information using terms such as how to solve guesstimates, guesstimate cheat sheet, guess estimates guide, what is a guesstimate and how to frame a guesstimate approach. The use of a pen and paper in the guesstimation round will be permitted. Still, the aim must be to solve the question in such a way that the interviewer can understand your approach, regardless of whether the calculations were correct or not. Key Points About Answering Guesstimation Questions No correct answers: No guesstimate question has a correct answer. No guesstimate question also has a correct approach. When you start solving a guesstimate question, your aim must not be to reach a correct answer or apply a correct approach. If the question you have been asked seems realistic—such as the market size of a particular good—do not believe that you will be able to reach the correct answer or anywhere close to it through guesstimating. Check our program on Advanced Certification in Digital Marketing from MICA The aim must be to be logical. The approach you take toward solving the question, and every step you take after the previous, must follow and seem to lead toward a correct answer. Additionally, do remember that it is highly unlikely that the interviewer knows the correct answer either. You are being assessed purely based on how you are tackling the issue. Don’t tie yourself up in knots: Scores of students and interviewees, in the endeavour to reach as close to a correct or realistic answer as possible, will end up assuming such quantities that can take minutes to calculate. Calculating 0.75% of 2.5 million can be hard in a crunch situation, with an interviewer assessing your every move and awaiting your next step. This is yet another reason why you must not look for correct answers. The interviewer has likely provided a question without numbers—if you end up confusing yourself or having too many difficult numbers to calculate, it is probably your fault. Make sure always to round up or down when approaching guesstimate questions. Rounding up or down makes remembering numbers and calculating them very easily and can help you proceed to the next step much faster. Write it down: You will likely be given a pen and a paper when you appear for the guesstimate round. If you aren’t and believe that the question asked will require one, you can ask for writing material. While you are solving the question, make sure to write every part down. If your question ever requires segmentation, make a flowchart showing the different segments you have created and conduct each segment’s calculation under the respective segment subhead. Do not treat the piece of paper as a rough calculation sheet. The interviewer may eventually ask for this sheet and mark you down if your working seems illegible. What you write and how you write it are both essential parts of the question you are answering and can prospectively help you solve the question in a much better manner. Speak up: Writing while speaking, and indeed vice versa, can be a challenging task. However, make sure that you are clearly and directly communicating your approach to the interviewer. Again, the interviewer is not looking for your answer; it is the approach that is being assessed. Do not treat the guesstimate question as a mathematical query; instead, consider it a logical one and focus on communicating the reasons you opt for each step to the interviewer. An excellent method of avoiding writing while speaking can be to first inform the interviewer clearly of the next step and then move on to the quick calculation. Do not spend too much time on the calculation. The time you speak for should always be greater than the time you spend calculating. Why the Focus on Guesstimate Questions? Since guesstimate questions are framed on limited information and lesser details, the candidate needs to combine mental ability, wit, thinking as well as problem-solving ability. Of course, interview takers also judge the background knowledge a candidate has when the latter are given such questions. What are the basics of guesstimation? Guesstimation involves making an educated guess based on approximate calculations or reasoning, often without complete data. The basics include identifying key variables, breaking down the problem into simpler components, using logical assumptions, and applying basic arithmetic to estimate a ballpark figure. This skill is valuable for quick decision-making and problem-solving in various professional contexts. How to crack guesstimate questions? To crack guesstimate questions, start by clearly understanding the question and defining the problem. Break the problem into smaller, manageable parts and use logical assumptions for each part. Use basic math to estimate values for these parts and combine them to form your overall estimate. Throughout, ensure your assumptions are reasonable and explain your thought process clearly, as justification is often as important as the estimate itself. What is guesstimate for consulting interviews? In consulting interviews, a guesstimate involves making reasoned estimates to answer complex questions with incomplete data. Candidates must logically estimate numerical values, like market sizes or revenue figures, using a structured approach. This tests their quantitative skills, problem-solving ability, and creativity, demonstrating how they handle real-world business problems under uncertainty. What are the benefits of guesstimate? Guesstimation sharpens critical thinking and problem-solving skills by requiring quick, logical reasoning with limited information. It enhances numerical intuition and helps in making informed decisions under uncertainty. Additionally, proficiency in guesstimation is valuable in fields like consulting and finance, where quick, accurate assessments are crucial for strategic planning and analysis. Steps For Solving a Guesstimate Question Step 1: Before jumping into the calculation, you must make all essential clarifications in the question itself. There is no limit to the kind of questions you can ask the interviewer. In general, try not to ask questions leading directly to an answer and stay away from questions whose answers might be numerical. Instead, try and stick to yes-or-no questions that it is easier for your interviewer to provide answers to. However, do make sure that you get all your doubts clarified before you proceed with the calculation. You can ask questions during the solving process, but making the right start is equally important. Asking questions also brings you and the interviewers on a common platform regarding the question prerequisites and allows you some extra time to think about your approach. Step 2: Break down the problem into smaller and small pieces through successive steps. Here, you must take no more than about 4-6 steps in reaching your final determination. If you break your problems into smaller pieces, but successive pieces are just not small enough, it will take too much time before you reach close to the metric you are required to calculate. Develop an extremely clear understanding of the case at hand. Your structural clarity and the optimization of solving ability will help you reach the problem’s crux. When breaking the case into smaller units, take each unit as a step and apply your problem-solving ability. Make sure you discuss every step with the interviewer. This will help you understand if you are moving in the right direction. When solving guesstimation problems based on numbers, take up whole numbers. Especially those in 5 and 10’s multiples. You do not need to provide perfect calculations.  Make sure you do not confuse yourself with too many calculations. Getting entangled in many figures is easy but far more difficult to find a way out. At times, you will need to segment the problem into two or smaller pieces and then calculate separately for each segment. Make sure that each segment is assigned a proportion that is both logical and easy to calculate. Assigning a percentage share like 27% to a segment will make your calculation impossible, so stick either too simple fractions or tens of percentage points Step 3: Only after you have determined your approach must you start solving. Do not begin solving before you have determined how you are going to reach your final answer. It communicates the wrong message to the interviewer concerning your strategy of tackling problems. Additionally, once you have decided upon a strategy, it becomes easier to assign proportions that are calculable. Also, do not calculate in silence. Keep speaking and guiding the interviewer through your process, and ask any necessary questions. You may even stop to ask if your approach is logical. Step 4: This is the final step of the guesstimate solving process when you reach the answer. Recheck your calculation and examine if any calculation seems off. Do not pay heed to how much the individual answers match a possible realistic answer in your mind. Add up all the individual pieces of the guesstimate and report a final answer. Also, Check out online degree programs at upGrad. Guesstimate Interview Questions and Answers Examples 1. How many cups of tea were consumed in Mumbai last month? First, clarify the question. Then, start solving. As a first step, inform the interviewers that each day of the week is being considered equally. Tea consumption might likely decrease during the weekend as people do not go to the office—so you might consider that as well. We shall go with the first assumption. The population of Mumbai is 18 crore; we shall round it up to 2 crores. 20% of this population is assumed to be children who do not drink tea. Another assumption is that of the remaining population, 20% are habitual drinkers, 30% are regular drinkers, 20% are occasional drinkers, and 10% are non-drinkers. The habitual drinkers may be said to have three cups of tea in a day. Regular drinkers may be said to have one cup of tea in a day. The tea consumption of occasion drinkers maybe once a week, and that of non-drinkers none at all. Calculating proportions- Habitual – 3 x 0.2 x 7 = 4.2 Regular – 1 x 0.3 x 7 = 2.1 Occasional – 1 x 0.2 x 1 = 0.2 Non – 0 Total = 6.5 Total cups per week = 6.5 x 1.6 crore = 10.4 crore 2. How many iPhones are currently being used in India? Clarify with the interviewers whether the question is about only a single version of the iPhone or all versions put together. Here, we shall assume that all iPhones put together are being talked about. The first step toward solving this query will be segmentation. There are many ways in which India’s population can be segmented. Here, we shall first assume that only people who have attained a working age and are under the age of retirement own an iPhone. Children and old citizens do not own an iPhone. This removes 20% of the population as children and 20% as senior citizens. The next assumption will be that only the upper stratum of India’s income range can afford an iPhone. This metric assumes that only 5% of the eligible citizens from the previous filter can own an iPhone. Now, it is not necessary that every member of this upper stratum will own an iPhone. Other options, such as OnePlus, Samsung, etc., are also available. However, a fair assumption would be that 50% of the eligible population from the previous filter owns an iPhone. Calculating the proportion of the population that owns an iPhone –  0.6 x 0.05 x 0.5 = 0.015 Total iPhones in India = 0.015 x 130 crore = 1.95 crore 3. How many cars are there in Delhi? Clarify whether the interviewer assumes just personal vehicles or all cars, as Delhi is also a government seat. The assumption in this solution will be that only personal vehicles are being talked about. Firstly, the population of Delhi is 2 crores, rounding up. The average size of a family in Delhi may be said to be four people, it being an urban region mostly composed of nuclear families. Further segmentation may be as per income class or level. As is customary, 30% of people may be said to belong to the lower class, 50% to the middle class, and 20% to the upper class. The calculation metric will be the number of cars per family. Among middle-class families, 50% may be said to own a car, and the other 50% own no car. Among the upper-class families, it may be said that all families own an average of two cars. Calculating proportions- Middle class families – 0.5 x 0.5 x 1 = 0.25 Upper class families – 0.2 x 2 = 0.4 Total = 0.65 Total cars in Delhi = 2 crore * 0.65/4 = 32.5 lakhs. 4. What is the size of the laptop market in the USA? Make important clarifications such as the unit of measurement. Here, we shall assume that the unit of measurement is the number of laptops sold in a year. The first step will be to make clear the USA’s population, which may be taken to be 300 million. Next, assume the proportion of this population that owns a laptop. The last determination will be the average span of the life of a laptop in the USA. The USA population may be segmented into retirees, students, stay-at-home population, and working population. The working population may be said to be 50% of the total population. The retirees maybe 30% and students maybe 20% of the whole population. Among the working population, it is assumed everyone owns a laptop. Among the retirees, a fair assumption would be that nobody owns a laptop. Among students, while younger classes do not require laptops, older classes do. So, half the students may be assumed to own a laptop. Calculating the proportions of the population that own a laptop – Working population – 0.5 x 1 = 0.5 Students – 0.2 x 0.5 x 1 = 0.1 Total – 0.6. The average age of a laptop may be said to be 5 years. So, ⅕ of the total calculated population will change their laptops every year. The market size of laptops in the USA is 350 million x 0.6 x 0.2 = 42 million. 5. How many ping-pong balls can fit inside a Boeing 747? Begin by asking the interviewer the size of a ping pong ball. If you do not get an answer, assume a value. To calculate the number of ping pong balls that fit inside a Boeing 747, we can begin by calculating the volume of a Boeing 747. First, assume the total number of seats on the plane. Then, account for the extra space—the aisles, the galleys, and the washrooms. The additional space will be the space in the overhead compartments and the space above the passenger’s head. Now, divide the volume that you have calculated by the volume of the ping pong balls that you have assumed. Do not forget to account for the empty space between the balls. Let’s say there are 400 seats in a plane. If we consider the aisle to occupy one seat’s space, and there are 40 rows with two aisles, that adds 80 more seats. Let us say the area above the seat is about the same as the seat itself. That makes 960 seats in total. The washrooms and galley might add space worth about 20 more seats, making the total count roughly 1000 seats. Each seat can be said to occupy the amount of volume a human takes up in the sitting position. Assuming this to be 4 ft x 2 ft x 1 ft, the total seat area is 8 ft. Hence, the plane’s total volume becomes 8000 cubic ft or 13824000 cubics in. Let us say the area occupied by a ball is 4 cubic inches. The total number of balls hence becomes 3456000. Considering that balls can be packed only with about 70% efficiency, the total number of balls becomes 2419000.  6. How many tennis balls can be fitted inside a room? In order to answer this question, the very first thing that you need to do is know the tennis ball’s size. This can be done by questioning the interviewer about its size or by assuming it yourself. Next, calculate the room’s volume and divide it by the volume of the tennis balls. Here you must note that tennis balls are round in shape therefore, a regular arrangement would automatically leave some empty spaces because of their shape. Let’s assume that a room contains only 4 seats, but it may fit 5 chairs in horizontal direction and 10 in vertical. If the arrangement is repeated 10 times for filling the entire space of the room, it can roughly fill 500 seats. Next, you need to consider the total space that the seat occupies as space. Therefore sp= (4 x 2 x 1)ft = 8 ft. This represents that the volume of the room may be in approximation sp x total seats that can be fitted inside the room = 8 x 500 = 4000 cubic ft. The area that the tennis ball may occupy according to this is 4 cubic inches. Now, in order to find out the number of tennis balls that can be packed in the room, divide the room’s volume by the total area that is occupied by the ball. Room’s volume/ the occupancy of total area by the balls= 1000 balls. But since the tennis balls due to their round shape can only be packed up to 70% the number of balls that would fit inside the room is 700. 7. What is the total number of refrigerators being sold in India each year? To answer this question, make sure that you clarify whether you must consider only refrigerators of domestic brands or both international and domestic. If you are asked to consider both, make the inclusion of various segments on the basis of different factors. First, consider India’s total population and divide it by an average number of household members. For instance, 5 members each household. Now make population segments by dividing it into urban, rural, and suburban. Make a classification of these segments on the basis of the availability of electric supply. 1.3 million of the total India’s population still doesn’t get access to electric supply. Also, exclude the people who remain below the poverty line.  The final approximation must concern the yearly demand for new refrigerators as well as their replacements. There are also some other factors that you must consider in your calculation such as the total lifespan of a refrigerator and the yearly projected refrigerator growth rate.  India’s total population= 130 crore No of members in each family= 5 Total households= 130/5= 26 crore For urban areas ratio of the percentage of poor:middle:rich= 20%:60%:20% For semi-urban areas  ratio of the percentage of poor:middle:rich= 40%:50%:10% For village areas ratio of the percentage of poor:middle:rich= 60%:38%:2% Therefore the market penetration  Poor% Middle class% Rich% Urban 0 50 100 Sub urban 0 40 100 Villages 0 0 100 The absolute number of refrigerators= Total sum of penetration* total household in each segment Urban Suburban Metro Households 0.2*32.5 = 6.5 Cr 0.15*32.5 = 4.875(Let’s approximate it 5) 0.65*32.5 = 21.125 (Let’s approximate it 21) Refrigerator penetration 0.5*0.6+0.2 = 50% 0.4*0.5+0.2 = 30% 2% sum 0.5*6.5 = 3.25 0.3*5 = 1.5 0.02*21 = 0.42 Thus total refrigerators= 5.17 crore Let’s assume 10 years as the average life span of a refrigerator and the growth rate 5% Total refrigerators  that may be sold in a year = New Demand due to growth+ refrigerators  due to replacement  = (Total refrigerators ( i.e. market size) / Avg Life) + (Growth rate * Total machines (i.e. market size)) = (5.17/10)+(5.17*0.05) crore = 0.775 crores = 77.5 lakhs Conclusion The above guesstimate interview questions and answers will give you a firm insight into what guesstimates are and how to solve them. However, do always remember that the best way to solve guesstimate interview questions is by practice and practice alone. Be prepared to justify your conclusion with logic. You must have an argument backing your finding since the interview will need to see your analysis of the problem. Support your answer with the right points instead of looking for a perfect solution to the guesstimation question Learning online has become more relevant today than ever before. If you’re interested in learning online, you can get a course and start your journey today. Checkout upGrad’s top courses in Data Science, Machine Learning, Digital Marketing, MBA from LBS & Full Stack Development.
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by Akshay Suple

14 May 2024

35 Best Final Year Projects Ideas & Topics 2024 [Latest]
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Summary: In this article, you will learn the 35 Exciting Final Year Projects Ideas & Topics 2024. Take a glimpse below. Python Final Year Projects & Topics Alarm clock Address book Currency converter Magic 8 ball Dice rolling simulator Data Science Final Year Projects & Topics Gender and age detection system Emotion recognition software Customer Segmentation system Android chatbot Movie recommendation system Fraud app detection software Machine Learning Final Year Projects & Topics Stock price prediction system Credit scoring system Online examination and evaluation system Fitness activity recognition for smartphone Handwritten digit classification system Personality prediction system More Final Year Projects & Topics 1. Web Scraping with Beautiful Soup 2. Twitter Sentiment Analysis 3. SMS Spam Filtering 4. Hangman Game 5. Placement Cell 6. Wireless Sound Control 7. Smart Farming with IoT Technologies 8. Course Management System 9. Employee Tracking System 10. E-Healthcare System 11. E-Commerce Website Development 12. Smart Security Application 13. Portfolio Application 14. IoT-Based Vehicle Accident Detector 15. Biometric Attendance System 16. Image Encryption System 17. Face Detector 18. Voice Recognition Read the full article to know more about the project Ideas & Topics in detail. The final year of a graduation course is one of the most crucial stages of your education and professional grooming. While the initial three years of science stream graduation courses like Computer Science and Engineering (CSE), Computer Engineering (CE)/Computer Science (CS), Information technology (IT), and Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) focus on theoretical aspects, in the final year, students get to put their theoretical knowledge to test. This is when students work on practical assignments and projects. The main goal behind including final-year projects in the course curriculum is to encourage students to apply their theoretical knowledge to practical use. Working on final-year projects allows students to couple their intellectual faculties with practical skills to solve real-world engineering and business problems. Check out our free courses offered by upGrad under IT technology. READ: Statistics for data science free courses Learners receive an average salary hike of 58% with the highest being up to 400%. Students can choose their final year projects in specialized study areas to acquire comprehensive knowledge and build niche skills in that domain. Furthermore, while working on their final year projects, students get a more in-depth insight into real-world functional processes. The objectives of final year projects include: To create a platform for students to demonstrate their practical competence. To encourage students to apply their subject knowledge gained in the degree course. To help students sharpen their intellectual qualities like creative thinking, analytical abilities, teamwork, and communication skills. Final year projects are designed to help students to expand their creative abilities by building a new system from scratch. Also, these projects push students to develop their communication skills, both verbal and written. While verbal skills develop throughout the project development process when students engage in one-on-one interactions and discussion sessions with their supervisors, written skills develop through detailed report writing. These reports are pivotal to the final evaluation of each student.  Check Advanced Certification in Digital Marketing from MICA The bottom line – is final year projects prepare students for the professional world. After all, it is easier to catch potential employers’ eyes when your resume highlights your hands-on experiences and projects.   But what exactly can you do with Python programming? And how does it help accomplish so many projects? Let’s find out before diving into learning college project ideas for college students and final-year engineering projects. How to Choose The Project Domain in the Final Year? Selecting the right project domain for the final year is one of the important decision that can significantly impact the academic and professional future. So, keeping this in mind let’s learn about key points to consider while selecting a project domain: 1. Passion and Interest Identify Your Interests: Consider what subjects, topics, or technologies excite you. Passion drives motivation and creativity in your project. Explore Previous Courses: Reflect on the courses you enjoyed the most during your academic journey. Think about the topics that captured your attention. 2. Relevance to Future Goals Career Alignment: Choose a domain that aligns with your future career goals. It should be relevant to the industry or field you plan to work in after graduation. Skill Enhancement: Opt for a domain that allows you to enhance skills valued in your desired profession, whether programming, research, design, or management. 3. Feasibility and Resources Available Resources: Consider the availability of books, journals, online courses, and experts in the chosen domain. Access to Tools and Technologies: Ensure you have access to the tools and technologies required for your project. Consider the availability of software, hardware, and datasets. 4. Complexity and Scope Balancing Complexity: Evaluate the complexity of the project for final year. It should be challenging enough to showcase your skills but not so complex that it becomes unmanageable. Define Scope: Clearly define the scope of your project. Be specific about what you want to achieve and what you can realistically accomplish within the given time frame. 5. Social Impact and Innovation Social Relevance: Explore domains that have a positive impact on society. Projects addressing real-world problems can be highly rewarding and impactful. Innovation: Consider projects that involve innovative solutions or cutting-edge technologies. It can make your project stand out and attract attention. 6. Consultation and Guidance Seek Guidance: Consult with professors, mentors, or industry experts. They can provide valuable insights and suggestions based on your interests and skills. Peer Discussions: Discuss potential domains with your peers. Their perspectives might help you see the project from different angles. 7. Evaluate Previous Projects Review Past Projects: Look into previous projects undertaken by students in your department. It can inspire ideas or help you identify areas not explored extensively. 8. Personal Growth and Learning Learning Opportunities: Choose a domain that offers learning and skill development opportunities. Your project should challenge you to learn new concepts and techniques. Personal Growth: Consider how the project will contribute to your personal and academic growth. Will it push your boundaries and help you develop as a professional? Looking to challenge yourself or expand your portfolio? Check out our curated list of computer science project ideas to inspire your next groundbreaking project. Python Programming to Create Interesting Things Python, a high-level interpreted language, can support various computation processes through shorter codes. Its easy-to-use syntax and versatile layout make it very popular among developers. Python programming’s implementation has helped create many interesting final-year engineering projects for college students and diploma final-year project topics. Let’s look at some of them. Python for Machine Learning and AI Python is a popular language among developers and data scientists used for creating Machine Learning and AI workflows. Instead of using programming languages with lengthy codes, data scientists prefer Python, which adds precision to ML projects. Thanks to its reliable and flexible nature, data science professionals use Python to develop ML and AI algorithms for deep learning college project ideas.  Python for Web Development Being an open-source language, Python is a go-to for developers to use throughout the web development process. Python allows extensive access to its vast framework and modules, equipped with relevant code bundles for different use cases. Python also extends various web development frameworks, including Django, Giotto, and Flask. Top companies like Facebook, Spotify, and Mozilla use Python.  Python for Data Visualization Modern organizations use data visualization to facilitate accurate data representation. Python libraries like Matplotlib, Seaborn, Plotly, etc., are excellent tools for data visualization. The libraries contain different features and capabilities for visualizing descriptive data into a more comprehensible format for both tech and non-tech professionals. Python for Programming Applications Developers can use Python programming to create various software applications, both for mobile and desktop. From video, audio, or picture applications to blockchain apps, Python assists in creating GUIs and APIs for apps and reinforces them with a smooth functioning platform, strengthening practice for diploma final year project topics.  Python for Finance Python can assist data scientists in creating algorithms to find patterns and make predictions by leveraging the collected data. Quantitative and qualitative analysis in the finance sector can help organizations to make insightful decisions. Python libraries like Theano, PyTorch, TensorFlow, Pandas, etc., help data scientists in manifold ways. If you are a final-year student, this article is just what you need! Today, we’ll talk about a few final-year project ideas that will make the choosing process much easier. So, let’s get right into it! Read: Top 10 Highest Paying Jobs in India Final Year Project Ideas & Topics Worth Trying For Students We’ve compiled a list of final year project ideas divided under Python projects, Data Science projects, and Machine Learning projects.  Python Final Year Projects & Topics For Students 1. Alarm clock This beginner-level Python project is quite practical since almost everyone uses an alarm clock on a daily basis. The project is a CLI(Command Line Interface) application with a unique twist. Apart from the standard alarm clocks features like a clock, alarm, stopwatch, and timer, this alarm clock has YouTube integration. You can include YouTube links in a text file and code the application to read the file. So, when you set a time for an alarm, the app will choose a random YouTube link stored in the text file and start playing the video. Read: Career in data science and its future growth 2. Address book The address book project is a pretty simple GUI application wherein users can add multiple contact details, displaying them in a list format. Users can add and store contact details like name, contact number, and address. To add new contact information, a user needs to type the desired information in the text fields and click on the add button to add the record. They can also delete any contact record that they no longer need. The three core components for this Python final year project are AddressBook.py, db.py, and gui.py. Read: Career options in science after graduation 3. Currency converter Another GUI application in the list, this project involves building a currency converter that can convert one currency’s value into another currency unit. For instance, you can convert the Indian rupee into a dollar or pound and vice versa. The challenge that lies here is that the value of currencies fluctuates daily. However, you can solve this issue by importing an excel spreadsheet containing the updated currency values. To build this project, you must have a basic knowledge of python programming and the Pygame library. Explore Our Software Development Free Courses Fundamentals of Cloud Computing JavaScript Basics from the scratch Data Structures and Algorithms Blockchain Technology React for Beginners Core Java Basics Java Node.js for Beginners Advanced JavaScript 4. Magic 8 ball This is a super fun project for beginners. A Magic 8 ball is a spherical toy designed for fortune-telling and advice-seeking. Just like a toy Magic 8 ball, this application will also provide answers to users’ questions. However, here, you have to allow the users to enter their question, display an “in-progress” message, and finally reveal the answer. For example, if a user asks, “what is my favorite color?” the answer could be the name of any random color or a simple “yes” or “no.” So, you will have to program at least 10 to 20 responses. Also, the app should have the option to let the users continue playing or quit the game.  Our learners also read – python course for free! 5. Dice rolling simulator The dice rolling simulator is a Python application that can imitate the functions of a physical rolling dice. It works something like this – when a user rolls the dice in the game, it will generate a random number between 1 to 6 and display the final answer. The user can roll the dice any number of times they want since the program has the option of rolling the dice repeatedly. Essentially, the dice-rolling simulator should be able to pick and display a random number each time a user rolls the dice.  Checkout: Python Project Ideas Data Science Final Year Projects & Topics For Students 1. Gender and age detection system The gender and age detection application is a popular Data Science final-year project that helps strengthen your programming skills. For developing the gender and age detection project, you will need Python, Support Vector Machine, and Convolutional Neural Network. Fortunately, you’ll get plenty of datasets for training the model. As the name suggests, the application can predict an individual’s gender and age through image recognition. Thus, once you feed a person’s image into the model, it will display their gender and age.  2. Emotion recognition software In this project, you will develop an emotion recognition system with integrated audio input. It is a simple yet practical final-year project for students to build their real-world skills. The components required for this project include Python, Support Vector Machine, RNN algorithm, and Convolutional Neural Network. You can use the Vox celebrity dataset having different voice samples for training the model, while the Librosa package can be used to extract and classify audio samples. It is an excellent application for people with a hearing impairment. Also, Check out online degree programs at upGrad. 3. Customer Segmentation system Customer segmentation is a popular method used by brands to get a deeper insight into their target audience via unsupervised learning. Customer segmentation helps segment a brand’s target audience into different buyer personas according to factors like buying behavior, gender, age, location, income, interests, and preferences. The project uses the partition method to split the customers according to these attributes. Other requirements for the customer segmentation project are R, K-mean clustering, Density-based clustering, and Model-based clustering.  4. Android chatbot This is a general chatbot for the Android platform. It is designed to understand users’ queries and the intent behind them and provide relevant answers. So, when a user enters their question in the system, the bot will analyze the keywords and generate an appropriate response for the specific query. The chatbot can communicate with humans on a wide range of topics, including sports, health, education, entertainment, etc. Since chatbots are hugely popular now, this project is an excellent choice for final-year students.  5. Movie recommendation system With online content platforms becoming more and more popular every day, thanks to personalized content suggestions, recommendation engines have become the latest trend in the digital domain. You can create a movie recommendation system using R and Collaborative Filtering. This project’s main goal is to study a user’s browsing and viewing history and recommend movies that match their interests. This final-year project is an ideal choice for aspirants who wish to understand the mechanisms of recommendation engines.  Read: How to make a chatbot in Python? 6. Fraud app detection software Both Apple Store and PlayStore are replete with fraudulent apps. Malicious apps can not only damage the phone’s normal functioning but also access and misuse sensitive data stored on the phone. Here, you’ll develop software that can process the information, comments, and user review of apps in the Apple Store/PlayStore to determine whether or not it is a genuine apps. The software can process multiple applications simultaneously.  Read: Data Science Project Ideas Machine Learning Final Year Projects & Topics 1. Stock price prediction system In this ML project, you will build a stock price predictor that can predict the future prices of stock. The best thing about working with stock market data is that it generally has short feedback cycles, making it easy for data analysts to use new market data to validate stock price predictions. However, stock market data tends to be very granular, varied, and volatile. You can model this stock price predictor to perform simple calculations like predicting an organization’s six-month price movement based on fundamental indicators from its quarterly report. You can also model it to find and group similar stocks based on their price movements and identify periods when there are significant fluctuations in their prices. 2. Credit scoring system The credit scoring system determines a user’s credit scoring using Big Data. This ML project combines social network analytics with mobile phone data to evaluate the credibility of users. Since it feeds on colossal amounts of financial data from across different countries and studies a comprehensive range of financial metrics (factors), the ML model features an enhanced decision-making process for determining the credit score.  3. Online examination and evaluation system In this ML project, you will build an application that will allow students to give their admission test online. According to the marks obtained in the test, the system will generate a list of colleges fit for a student. This application’s main aim is to offer a quick and hassle-free process of appearing for online exams and accessing the results almost immediately. The admission test conducted via this platform will have multiple-choice options, and built-in AI verifies the answers.  4. Fitness activity recognition for smartphone This ML project uses smartphone data, particularly fitness activity data captured through the phone’s inertial sensors. This fitness activity recognition project’s primary goal is to design a classification model that can identify human fitness activities like running, cycling, speedwalking, etc. If you choose this as one of your final year projects, it will help you understand how to build ML models for solving multi-classification problems. Also read, Career options in medical 5. Handwritten digit classification system This project is an excellent way to understand Deep Learning and how neural networks function. It is essentially based on image recognition. One of the best datasets for this project is the MNIST dataset because it is both varied and beginner-friendly. In this project, you will learn how to teach a machine (ML model) to understand and classify handwritten digits’ images as ten digits (0–9). The goal is to train the model to recognize numbers from disparate sources like bank cheques, images, emails, and anything else containing a numeric entry. 6. Personality prediction system This ML project focuses on building an automated personality classification system using advanced ML algorithms and data mining techniques to extract user behavior and characteristics data and find meaningful patterns. It can classify and predict users’ personalities based on past classifications as well. The system studies the observed patterns stored in its vast database and predicts a new user’s personality based on similar patterns. This is a handy tool for brands that offer personalized products to customers based on their personalities. Read: Machine Learning Project Ideas More Projects & Topics Plan for Final Year College Students If you want more interesting final year project ideas, you can check the following: 1. Web Scraping with Beautiful Soup In this computer science final year project, you will basically learn about web crawling. It is the process that scans a group of web pages to find raw data. Individuals with computer engineering training can use Beautiful Soup for this project. It will help acquire data and store that in different formats for easy decision making and analysis. The Beautiful Soup Python Package can be useful for extracting data from XML and HTML documents. In these Python projects for final year students, you can use the package alongside the best parser to provide idiomatic methods of navigating, searching, and modification. 2. Twitter Sentiment Analysis It is the use of machine learning and natural language processing to ascertain the sentiments of users based on their emotions. It not only gives polarity but also a feeling or emotion of the people. We can use this analysis from tweets to understand the mood of the public towards a brand or general elections of a country, etc. It is one of the unique project ideas for college students to find tweets using specific hashtags and extract them to compute and analyze the data using R and Python programming languages. 3. SMS Spam Filtering Another interesting project idea is SMS spam filtering. Since SMS is immensely popular for communication, this folder can get filled with spam items. With deep learning algorithms and TensorFlow, you will be able to create a seamless model for spam detection. Deep neural networks are adept at identifying spam short text messages with a high accuracy rate of almost 99%.  4. Hangman Game One of the major project ideas for final year students can be creating something exciting. Hangman is a fun word game. One person thinks of a word, and their friend tries to guess it, letter by letter. They only have a certain number of guesses. The goal? Find the hidden word.  You can make a computer version of Hangman using a class. The player tries to guess a hidden word’s letters. If they make the wrong guess too many times, they lose. They guess a letter by clicking a button with that letter on it. To make the buttons work, you need special classes called listeners. Listeners react when the player clicks a button.  A builder crafts the primary board, calling a process every time a new game kicks off. The essential program enables this class’s execution as an application. The core routine shapes a window, selecting it to comprise a Hangman panel and placing the window in the screen’s middle. 5. Placement Cell One of the most interesting mini project ideas for college students can also be creating a placement cell for colleges. This task involves using several programming languages for the front end. Meanwhile, the back end of the project has to be done using MySQL. The cell will come with the user and admin modules. All unknown users will have to register and upload the required details. The application in this segment will include details regarding the ongoing and upcoming placements in a college. On the other hand, it will also include details of students taking part in the placement drive. 6. Wireless Sound Control This is one of the most exciting Python-based final year project ideas for IT students. You can use libraries like OpenCV and Pycaw to build this model. The aim of this project is to give users a hands-free way to control system volume. You can make a MediaPipe model to change the volume with hand movements. Move your hand in front of the camera and watch the system sound rise or drop. 7. Smart Farming with IoT Technologies Smart farming devices can identify the temperature, humidity, and moisture in the soil. They are great for helping farmers understand soil conditions. Building this special device will require you to use sensors, jumper wires, and an Arduino Nano IDE. By staying directly connected to the soil, this device will show all measurements on the monitor.   8. Course Management System It is one of the final year project topics that will focus on Java. In this system, you will be able to update course content and experiment with different features, like a search bar. Tools for asynchronous bulletin board messaging or real-time chat can be used to implement this. The Course Management System houses these tools. There are three modules – administrator, student, and instructor, which are essential for the system to work flawlessly.  9. Employee Tracking System It is one of the project ideas for college students to track the performance of employees and check their attendance. This system will be extremely useful for organizations in maintaining employee data. The Java GUI and SQLite technology will be particularly useful for building this database.  10. E-Healthcare System One of the major project topics can be building a digital healthcare system that maintains the data of all patients. It can support quick retrieval of data for helping patients and doctors. This seamless system can be built using the CRISP-DM to store all records accurately.  11. E-Commerce Website Development One of the most demanding final year project ideas for engineering students is building a website. It will require you to use full-stack development knowledge, including MEAN and MERN. Having extensive knowledge of JavaScript will help you develop this website with features like payment methods and filtering options. You will also need to be proficient with UI and back-end knowledge to succeed in this project. 12. Smart Security Application Every day, people and businesses confront this issue of security. This is one of the final year project topics that lets you handle your security systems from any place at any time. In your cozy corner, you get the reins of your security. This can have extra features such as location detection, GPS, and emergency alerts. APIs can also help protect private data, preventing uninvited access. 13. Portfolio Application It is one of the data science projects for final year that students can be made to work on. This tool will create a graphic portfolio showcasing your abilities, workload, endeavors, and more. Input your info. That’s all it needs. Craft an unshakeable, perfectly suitable site using NodeJS and Express. Handle databases, run AJAX inquiries with JQuery, and incorporate REST API. See your ideas spring to life within a genuinely operational project.  14. IoT-Based Vehicle Accident Detector This modern detection system relies on IoT to spot anything blocking the vehicle’s path using sensors. If something’s there, it alerts the driver to shift course or halt, preventing potential accidents. An accelerometer and GPS sensor get the job done. Different machine learning systems are in play here. Through IoT, a reaction is born when signals from the accelerometer and GPS sensor reach the cloud. 15. Biometric Attendance System It takes the user’s fingerprint impression and cross-references it with the stored data. It is currently frequently used in many organizations to monitor employee attendance. It features a fingerprint sensor and a Deep Learning algorithm that compares the print as input and, if it cannot find the print, outputs the error.  16. Image Encryption System Since the system uses an encryption algorithm to encode images, unauthorized users are unable to access it. Encryption techniques such as AES must be used when transmitting digital photos in order to conceal the actual image and lower the risk. It then divides the photos into random groups and employs secret keys to establish the order of the encrypted image blocks.  17. Face Detector This system compares the structure of your face with the stored data to identify your face. It analyzes the input using machine learning methods and verifies whether or not the system has the same information in the current database. It then proceeds to take a picture and sends it over an HTTP form-data request to the back end. After that, the API saves the data and compares it with the current database. This can be applied in establishments and locations that require a high level of security.  18. Voice Recognition This method recognizes a voice by analyzing the pattern and tone that a person uses when speaking. For machine translation, it makes use of neural machine translation. Features like speech recognition and classification are possible; voice is used as the input, and “Matched Voice” is the output. Working professionals can enter and quit organizations, whether they are public or private, using this method.  Wrapping up All these projects will be excellent additions to your portfolio as they will showcase your real-world skills and hands-on experience to prospective employers. So, which of these will you choose as your final year project? If you are curious about learning data science to be in the front of fast-paced technological advancements, check out upGrad & IIIT-B’s PG Diploma in Data Science.
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by Rohit Sharma

10 May 2024

Top 15 Highest Paying Non-IT Jobs in India [2024]
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Summary: In this Article, you will learn about top 15 highest paying Non-IT jobs in India. Highest paying Non-IT Jobs Salary per Annum Business Analyst ₹607,209 per year Market Research Analyst ₹354,447 per year Digital Marketing Strategist ₹724,138 per year Social Media Manager ₹344,137 per year Marketing Manager ₹701,976 per year Business Development Manager ₹600,480 per year Management Consultant ₹1,149,770 per year Advertising and Media Professional ₹8,35,865 per year Investment Banker ₹995,772 per year Legal Counsel ₹7,86,138 per year Graphic Designer ₹299,417 per year Technical Writer ₹486,985 per year Content Manager ₹509,938 per year Quality Assurance Manager ₹1,172,101 per year Customer Relationship Manager ₹1,677,971 per year Read more to know each in detail. Introduction: Having spent years in the Indian job market, I’ve witnessed the evolution of various industries and the emergence of lucrative career opportunities. Today, I’m excited to share insights into the highest paying non-IT jobs in India. While the tech sector often dominates discussions about high-paying careers, there’s a wealth of opportunities beyond IT that offer competitive salaries and fulfilling work.  In this guide, I’ll delve into the top 15 non-IT jobs in India that boast impressive compensation packages. Whether you’re a seasoned professional looking to switch industries or a fresh graduate exploring your options, this article will shed light on some of the most financially rewarding career paths available. Let’s dive in and explore the diverse landscape of high-paying non-IT jobs in India.  Looking for top highest paying non-IT jobs in India? A glance at the job postings advertised by technology companies in India tells us that these firms are not just hiring for hard-core technical roles. You can also check out our free courses offered by upGrad in Management, Data Science, Machine Learning, Digital Marketing, and Technology.  Who says that only jobs in IT can be high paying? There are also a handful of non IT jobs amongst India’s highest paying category. In India, we often have the misconception that if we do not pursue engineering or medicine after the 12th board exams, we may end up with non tech jobs that are not as high paying as jobs in IT. We listed the top 10 highest paying non IT jobs in India. This list is updated and irrespective of your work level, beginner/entry-level or middle level, these will help you decide the direction you want to go in next. There is a rising demand for professionals in areas like marketing, product design, and management. According to Glassdoor, about 43 percent of the roles are non-tech. Also, some of them offer attractive pay packages to skilled practitioners. Read on to know about the highest paying non-IT jobs in India. Learners receive an average Salary hike of 58% with the highest being up to 400%. Our readers are also interested in Advanced Certificate in HCM.  Highest Paying Non-IT Jobs in India 1. Business Analyst About the job: A business analyst assesses the processes, systems, and business model to find out about the organization’s technology integration. This occupation is concerned with devising the best solutions that fit the business need in terms of technology and talent investments.  According to one of the articles in India Today, business analysis is skill companies are eagerly looking for in 2024. They are becoming more and more important to businesses as they help them to take well-informed decisions. Anyone from a maths, economics or statistics background can easily land a job as a business analyst with little to no knowledge of programming languages and other technical complexities. However, they need to have knowledge of fundamental computer software like Microsoft Office apps. Thus it is amongst the top non technical jobs in IT companies one can aim for.  Responsibilities:  To identify sales trends To analyze competition in the market To interact with customers and clients To form a thorough understanding of user needs and preferences To provide personalized service To drive operational efficiency for higher performance and revenue Top employers for business analyst openings in India: Source Average Business Analyst Salary Business Analyst Salary Based on Cities City Average Salary Bangalore ₹6.77 Lakhs New Delhi ₹9.7 Lakhs Mumbai ₹10.2 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹10.1 Lakhs Pune ₹10.2 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹9.9 Lakhs Ahmedabad ₹8.5 Lakhs Chennai ₹10.1 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Business Analyst salary? Experience Salary 1 Year ₹6.3 Lakhs 2 Year ₹6.9 Lakhs 3 Year ₹7.6 Lakhs 5 Year ₹9.4 Lakhs 7 Year ₹11.2 Lakhs How do Industries affect Business Analyst salaries? Industry Salary Software ₹9.9 Lakhs Financial Services ₹10.6 Lakhs Management Consulting ₹10.5 Lakhs IT Services ₹9.4 Lakhs KPO ₹10 Lakhs 2. Market Research Analyst About the job: One of the highest paying non IT jobs in India, Market research analysts design and shape the plans to advertise market products and services of an organization. They can work full-time as a part of the marketing teams or on a contractual basis as independent consultants.  Responsibilities:  Evaluate data collection methods, including questionnaires, surveys, opinion polls, etc.  Interpret data, perform statistical analysis, and organize the information in the form of tables and reports Present findings using charts, graphs, and other visual means  Assist clients and executives in making informed decisions about product introduction, modification, and marketing initiatives Visualize industry trends and conduct a competitive analysis to showcase the future of specific product offerings Measure the effectiveness of marketing strategy and campaigns  Meanwhile, check out our Full Stack Course to upskill yourself. Average Market Research Analyst Salary Market Research Analyst Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹4.1 Lakhs New Delhi ₹4.1 Lakhs Mumbai ₹4.8 Lakhs Noida ₹3.9 Lakhs Pune ₹4.6 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹4.7 Lakhs Ahmedabad ₹4.2 Lakhs Chennai ₹4.2 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Market Research Analyst salary? Experience Salary 1 Year ₹3.5 Lakhs 2 Year ₹4.3 Lakhs 3 Year ₹4.6 Lakhs 5 Year ₹5.3 Lakhs 7 Year ₹6 Lakhs How do Industries affect Market Research Analyst salaries? Industry Salary Software ₹3.6 Lakhs Internet ₹4.3 Lakhs Finance ₹4.5 Lakhs IT Services ₹4.4 Lakhs KPO ₹5.3 Lakhs 3. Digital Marketing Strategist About the job: As a digital marketing strategist, your job is to align business objectives with relevant online marketing channels and platforms. As one of the highest paying non-IT jobs in India, as a digital marketer you would need a basic understanding of marketing principles and content management and a strong working knowledge of the internet and social networks to make a mark in this domain.  As we progress towards the future, digital means of communication are gaining more and more popularity compared to the old and conventional ones. In this scenario, the value of digital marketing is growing exponentially and is expected to continue the same in the future. To curate and lead a digital marketing team, a digital marketing strategist plays a crucial role. Thus the importance of this role is expected to go parallel, making it one of the good-paying non tech jobs.  Responsibilities:  Create an actionable plan to launch a product or service in the marketplace Design a detailed content strategy to achieve the desired outcomes Work on the site SEO to improve brand visibility and reach Manage processes related to inbound marketing, PPC, and AdWords Analyze results from the digital marketing campaigns and each channel Periodically assess the alignment of strategic objectives with the digital marketing mix strategy Also, visit upGrad’s Degree Counselling page for all undergraduate and postgraduate programs. Average Digital Marketer Salary Digital Marketer Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹5.5 Lakhs New Delhi ₹4.2 Lakhs Mumbai ₹3.7 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹4.8 Lakhs Pune ₹4.6 Lakhs Chennai ₹4.1 Lakhs Noida ₹3.7 Lakhs Ahmedabad ₹3.9 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Digital Marketer salary? Experience Salary Fresher ₹2.7 Lakhs 1 Year ₹2.8 Lakhs 2 Year ₹3.5 Lakhs 3 Year ₹3.9 Lakhs 5 Year ₹6 Lakhs How do Industries affect Digital Marketer salaries? Industry Salary IT Services ₹6.8 Lakhs Internet ₹6.7 Lakhs Software Product ₹5.1 Lakhs Financial Services ₹6.7 Lakhs KPO ₹5.1 Lakhs 4. Social Media Manager About the job: Social media allows marketers to reach customers in the global market in a cost-effective way. In India alone, there are currently more than 326 million active social media users. This profession involves tailoring the marketing strategy and content to match the context of every social media channel (for example, Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Quora, etc.) The primary goal of social media marketing is to boost brand awareness and user engagement. It has also emerged as a critical driver of customer service and satisfaction. In addition to being one of the highest paying non IT jobs in India, it is also a fast-paced one. It is one of those non IT jobs one can do on a freelance basis as well. Oftentimes, celebrities or smaller brands also require someone to manage their social media pages due to a lack of time or experience. Therefore, it is one of those non technical jobs that are extremely scalable and one can easily start as a freelancer and eventually build their very own agency.  Responsibilities: Build, execute, and manage the social media strategy of an organization Define social media KPIs and oversee content Work with copywriters and designers to maintain the quality of social media posts Keep abreast of the best practices and latest trends in social media technologies Evaluate the success of social media campaigns and make recommendations to optimize the strategy Present the results to senior leadership and make a case for social media marketing in the advertising budgets Salary Average social media manager salary in India is ₹344,137. How social media manager salary in India increases with experience: Source Best Digital Marketing Courses Online Advanced Certificate in Brand Communication Management - MICA Advanced Certificate in Digital Marketing and Communication - MICA Performance Marketing Bootcamp - Google Ads from upGrad To Explore all our courses, visit our page below. Digital Marketing Courses 4. Marketing Manager About the job: One of the highest paying non IT jobs in India, Marketing managers are in charge of promoting and selling branded products and services. They are at the helm of the marketing strategy of the organization.  Big and established companies in many industries still rely on conventional methods of marketing, where company executives conduct site visiting. To manage the team of executives marketing managers play a significant role. Apart from that they also handle the more conventional modes of marketing such as event organizing, broadcasting, billboard planning etc. therefore, along with digital marketing managers, the conventional marketing manager is still relevant in non technical jobs in IT companies. Responsibilities: Collate estimates and budgets for marketing campaigns Work with advertising agencies, negotiating and finalizing contracts Build relationships with media outlets and manage third-party vendors Review advertising material for television commercials, print, and online ads Analyzing returns from marketing campaigns and reporting them to upper management Average Marketing Manager Salary Marketing Manager Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹13.3 Lakhs New Delhi ₹12.1 Lakhs Mumbai ₹13.8 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹11.8 Lakhs Pune ₹11 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹14.8 Lakhs Kolkata ₹10.5 Lakhs Chennai ₹12 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Marketing Manager salary? Experience Salary 2 Year ₹6 Lakhs 3 Year ₹7 Lakhs 5 Year ₹8.3 Lakhs 7 Year ₹9 Lakhs 10 Year ₹10.5 Lakhs How do Industries affect Marketing Manager salaries? Industry Salary Education ₹8.5 Lakhs Internet ₹14.3 Lakhs Finance ₹9.4 Lakhs IT Services ₹15.6 Lakhs Manufacturing ₹13.9 Lakhs Read more: How Does a Digital Marketer’s Salary Grow? 5. Business Development Manager About the job: Business developers act as a company’s point of contact with its existing and new clients. They provide information about the company’s offerings and bring in new contracts, thus earning significantly high rewards. The entry-level pay for business development roles in India is around INR 24,000 per month. The remuneration for senior-level and managerial positions can go upwards of INR 1,00,000 a month. In addition to being one of the highest paying non IT jobs in India, it is also a fast-paced one. This is one of those jobs in IT that do not require extreme technical knowledge yet offer a handsome salary that is equivalent to one of the top technical jobs in IT. Also, the growth opportunities are great in this role. An entry-level business development manager can climb up to the role of a (BDM) business development manager, followed by business development leadership (BDL), then Director of business development and finally Vice President of business development. Responsibilities: To identify sales leads To pitch product and service offerings to prospective clients To maintain good working relations with clients To oversee marketing literature and prepare reports To provide feedback to decision-makers in the organization Average Business Development Manager Salary Business Development Manager Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹7.4 Lakhs New Delhi ₹7.1 Lakhs Mumbai ₹7.2 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹7.3 Lakhs Pune ₹6.9 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹8.3 Lakhs Noida ₹8.1 Lakhs Chennai ₹7.3 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Business Development Manager salary? Experience Salary 2 Year ₹6.7 Lakhs 3 Year ₹7.3 Lakhs 5 Year ₹7.8 Lakhs 7 Year ₹8 Lakhs 11 Year ₹10.9 Lakhs How do Industries affect Business Development Manager salaries? Industry Salary Software ₹10 Lakhs Internet ₹8.1 Lakhs Finance ₹4.7 Lakhs IT Services ₹10 Lakhs EdTech ₹9.4 Lakhs 6. Management Consultant About the job: Management consultants offer their expertise in solving business problems, improving performance, and maximizing growth. It is one of the highest paying non-technical jobs in India. In addition to being one of the highest paying non IT jobs in India, it is also a fast-paced one. The IT industry thrives on productivity thus any role associated with it is extremely important. Management consultants not only help source better talents for the companies but also helps get them on board with the budget given by the company, hence, also maximizing their financial resources. Along with that, as the consultants work closely with the marketing and finance and HR department, they are able to sense any upcoming threats and foresee future outcomes and act proactively on fixing them. Responsibilities:  Perform a comprehensive study and analysis of the organization (through data collection, secondary research, client interviews, etc.) Prepare business proposals and presentations.  Participate in strategy making, implementation, and evaluation Manage projects and lead capacity-building workshops Identify business issues and suggest remedies and innovative solutions. Salary Average management consultant salary in India is ₹1,149,770 Top employers for management consultant openings in India: Source 7. Advertising and Media Professional About the job: The advertising and media industry is competitive but equally rewarding. The starting annual compensation for practitioners in this field is about INR 420,000, which increases commensurate with qualifications, skillfulness, and experience. Responsibilities: Prepare advertising plans to reach the targeted demographics Research markets, collect data and draw meaningful insights  Design print, audio-visual, and digital ads, as and when needed Select media to disseminate the ad campaigns Maintain good relations with media outlets Test ideas and evaluate them repeatedly to gauge their effectiveness Average Salary: INR 8,35,865 p.a. 8. Investment Banker About the job: Investment bankers act as intermediaries in the company-public interface through public offerings, handling stocks, and selling equities. Those with a degree in commerce and economics and MBAs (with a specialization in Finance) can consider taking up a career in investment banking. It has cemented its place as one of the highest paying non-technical jobs in India. Some of the major recruiters in this space include Goldman Sachs, Deutsche Bank, HSBC, and JP Morgan Chase. It is needless to say, apart from these aforementioned big MNCs, every medium to large size enterprise requires an investment banker which makes it one of the most high-paying non tech jobs in IT. Those with an MBA degree can also stand a chance of enjoying a great career path of getting promoted from Vice President to Senior Vice President and finally to the role of Managing director.  Responsibilities: Develop financial models to value debt and equity Assist in raising capital, and mergers, acquisitions and Perform due diligence and document live transactions Translate client portfolio into presentations Average Investment Banker Salary Investment Banker Salary Based on Cities City Salary New Delhi ₹ 20 Lakhs Pune ₹ 20 Lakhs Mumbai ₹ 15 Lakhs Bangalore ₹ 9 Lakhs Chennai ₹ 8 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹ 10 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹ 15 Lakhs Noida ₹ 14 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Investment Banker salary? Experience Salary 2 Year ₹ 7.9 Lakhs 3 Year ₹ 11.6 Lakhs 4 Year ₹ 12.7 Lakhs 5 Year ₹ 13.8 Lakhs 9. Legal Counsel About the job: A legal consultant is generally an attorney who helps a corporation with regards to matters of law. It is one of those non technical jobs that the majority forgets has great importance in the IT industry as well. Their job profiles have evolved over time, and now they not only manage legal risks associated with IT companies but also partner with them and come up with variable solutions.  A legal counsel of higher rank is often given the responsibility of managing legal risks, managing efficiency from the ground level, managing transitions and resources and maintaining strong communication and relationship with external advisors. Responsibilities: To act as a legal expert on compliance issues To draft templates for employment policies, plan documents, governance and administration administration To identify problems and updates and notify the same to internal and external clients Average Legal Analyst Salary Source Legal Analyst Salary Based on Cities City Salary New Delhi ₹ 4.8 Lakhs Mumbai ₹ 5.8 Lakhs Bangalore ₹ 6.3 Lakhs Pune ₹ 5.1 Lakhs Kolkata ₹ 4.4 Lakhs Noida ₹ 4.7 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹ 7.0 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹ 4.6 Lakhs How does experience affect Legal Analyst salary? Experience Salary 1 Year ₹ 4.3 Lakhs 2 Year ₹ 4.7 Lakhs 3 Year ₹ 5.4 Lakhs 4 Year ₹ 5.7 Lakhs 5 Year ₹ 6.9 Lakhs How do Industries affect Legal Analyst salaries? Industry Salary IT Services & Consulting ₹ 4.8 Lakhs Legal ₹ 3.9 Lakhs Software Product ₹ 5.4 Lakhs Financial Services ₹ 6.1 Lakhs Internet ₹ 5.5 Lakhs 10. Graphic Designer About the job: Graphic design is a creative career option that is open to individuals from non-tech disciplines as well. It combines text, images, and visual concepts to communicate ideas and appeal to the target audience. It may not seem like a high-paying one compared to the other non tech jobs, but in most cases, graphic designers work as freelancers and on a contract basis, which eventually includes it in the list of high-paying non-IT jobs.  Responsibilities: To develop the overall layouts and templates of communication and outreach materials To design and produce advertisements, corporate reports, brochures, magazines, etc.  Average Graphic Design Salary Graphic Design Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹4.2 Lakhs New Delhi ₹3.9 Lakhs Mumbai ₹4 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹4.1 Lakhs Pune ₹3.8 Lakhs Chennai ₹3.7 Lakhs Noida ₹4 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹4.1 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Graphic Design salary? Experience Salary 1 Year ₹2.6 Lakhs 2 Year ₹3 Lakhs 4 Year ₹3.6 Lakhs 5 Year ₹4.3 Lakhs 8 Year ₹4.8 Lakhs Graphic Design salary based on industries Industry Salary Internet ₹4.6 Lakhs Financial Services ₹4.1 Lakhs IT Services ₹4.1 Lakhs Software Product ₹4.6 Lakhs Retail ₹4.5 Lakhs 11. Technical Writer About the job: As one of the highest paying non IT jobs in India, Technical writing involves collection, documentation, and dissemination of content to customers, designers, and manufacturers. Individuals with a background in engineering, computer science, and information technology can look at this non-tech career as a potential option.  Responsibilities: Break down complex topics into easy-to-understand information Create white papers, journal articles, instruction manuals, and reference guides Write technical reports to update C-suite executives Average Technical writer Salary Source Technical writer Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹7.2 Lakhs New Delhi ₹7.1 Lakhs Mumbai ₹5.9 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹6.9 Lakhs Pune ₹6.5 Lakhs Noida ₹8 Lakhs Kolkata ₹9.1 Lakhs Chennai ₹6.3 Lakhs How does experience affect Technical writer salary? Experience Salary 2 Year ₹4.6 Lakhs 3 Year ₹5.6 Lakhs 5 Year ₹7.5 Lakhs 7 Year ₹9.5 Lakhs 9 Year ₹11.5 Lakhs How do Industries affect Technical writer salaries? Industry Salary Software ₹8.4 Lakhs Internet ₹9.3 Lakhs Engineering ₹5.8 Lakhs IT Services ₹6.6 Lakhs KPO ₹7.2 Lakhs 12. Content Manager About the job: In modern workplaces, content managers are tasked with managing online multimedia content strategies. For most IT companies, content marketing is considered one of the best modes of creating brand awareness. Content managers are appointed with the aim of executing the task of creating brand awareness effectively. They work closely with a team of non-technical and technical writers, editors, graphic designers and video editors to come up with the most efficient content that is SEO optimised and reaches the targeted audience.   Responsibilities:  Manage content teams, including contributions from individual copywriters Grow and engage the online community of a brand Track community activity and execution of content plans Average Content Manager Salary Source Content Manager Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹6.5 Lakhs New Delhi ₹8.9 Lakhs Mumbai ₹6.3 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹4.4 Lakhs Pune ₹7.2 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹7.9 Lakhs Noida ₹8.1 Lakhs Chennai ₹10.4 Lakhs How does experience affect Content Manager salary? Experience Salary 1 Year ₹3.6 Lakhs 2 Year ₹4.7 Lakhs 3 Year ₹5.2 Lakhs 5 Year ₹7.1 Lakhs 7 Year ₹9 Lakhs How do Industries affect Content Manager salaries? Industry Salary Software ₹5.1 Lakhs Internet ₹9.2 Lakhs Finance ₹8.2 Lakhs IT Services ₹5.8 Lakhs EdTech ₹8 Lakhs 13. Quality Assurance Manager About the job: QA analysts and managers ensure that the organization’s products meet the internal and external standards before they go out into the marketplace. Quality management is a vital pillar of customer satisfaction and brand management, as well.  Responsibilities: Set procedures for quality assurance Give direction to quality control personnel Update the product manager about any issues that may arise Analyze quality control reports Find avenues for efficiency enhancement Average Quality Assurance Manager Salary Source Quality Assurance Manager Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹21.1 Lakhs New Delhi ₹20.8 Lakhs Mumbai ₹17.1 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹18.7 Lakhs Pune ₹18.5 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹20.1 Lakhs Noida ₹20.8 Lakhs Chennai ₹19.8 Lakhs How do Industries affect Quality Assurance Manager salaries? Industry Salary Software ₹22.6 Lakhs Internet ₹22.4 Lakhs Manufacturing ₹14.4 Lakhs IT Services ₹20.8 Lakhs Finance ₹19.6 Lakhs 14. Customer Relationship Manager About the job: Individuals with a background in business administration and communication-related disciplines can take up a career in customer relationship management. You can later advance to high-paying posts like that of account managers.  Responsibilities:  Build sales and maintain relations with customers and prospects Resolve customer and client complaints and give timely responses Expand customer base through upselling and cross-selling Keep customers in the loop about new product developments Review business performance from the context of CRM programs Average Customer Relationship Manager Salary Source Customer Relationship Manager Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹3.8 Lakhs New Delhi ₹3.7 Lakhs Mumbai ₹3.7 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹3.5 Lakhs Pune ₹3.7 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹4 Lakhs Noida ₹3.5 Lakhs Chennai ₹3.6 Lakhs How does experience affect Customer Relationship Manager salary? Experience Salary 1 Year ₹2.9 Lakhs 2 Year ₹3 Lakhs 3 Year ₹3.3 Lakhs 5 Year ₹3.9 Lakhs 7 Year ₹4.3 Lakhs How do Industries affect Customer Relationship Manager salaries? Industry Salary Insurance ₹3.2 Lakhs Internet ₹4.1 Lakhs Finance ₹3.6 Lakhs IT Services ₹3.4 Lakhs Manufacturing ₹3.1 Lakhs 15. Product Manager About the job: Product manager is a coveted position that deals with hand holding the product offerings of tech and non-tech companies right from concepts to the launch. Product managers need to be proficient in working with cross-functional teams and effectively communicating the directions. In addition to being one of the highest paying non IT jobs in India, it is also a fast-paced one. Responsibilities: Develop product development strategies Set the roadmap for products and product lines Specify functional requirements and features Guide the product throughout its lifecycle Average Product Manager Salary Product Manager Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹23 Lakhs New Delhi ₹20.4 Lakhs Mumbai ₹19.8 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹22.3 Lakhs Pune ₹20.4 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹23.3 Lakhs Noida ₹23 Lakhs Ahmedabad ₹17.6 Lakhs How does experience affect Product Manager salary? Source Experience Salary 2 Year ₹15.1 Lakhs 4 Year ₹18.5 Lakhs 5 Year ₹19.4 Lakhs 7 Year ₹20.3 Lakhs 10 Year ₹23 Lakhs Product Manager salary based on industries Industry Salary Internet ₹24.5 Lakhs Financial Services ₹17.8 Lakhs IT Services ₹24.4 Lakhs Software Product ₹26.2 Lakhs Manufacturing ₹19.5 Lakhs Popular Digital Marketing Blogs Beginners Guide to YouTube Marketing : Complete List How to Monetize Your YouTube Channel? Top 5 Actionable Steps The Complete Guide on setting up a LinkedIn Company Page Everything You Need To Know About Digital Marketing A Complete Guide to Digital Marketing Strategy: What it is and How to create it? Digital Marketing Tutorial: A Step-by-Step Guide To Become an Expert Future of Digital Marketing: How It Goes From Here Importance of Digital Marketing: Top 10 Reasons Your Business Needs it Digital Marketing Challenges: How to Win Amidst the Challenges in Digital Marketing Standard Requirements for Non-IT Jobs There are various opportunities available for candidates from non-IT backgrounds, both in terms of industry dynamics and employability. Many others take the entrepreneurship path and start their ventures to translate their specializations into action. Through all these possibilities, soft skills and practical experience run as common threads for success.  Those looking forward to lucrative careers in non-tech fields should pay attention to developing their articulation, problem-solving, and collaboration abilities. Moreover, it would be best to keep the learning approach exploratory rather than being too deterministic. You can consider taking up an internship or an entry-level job to gain industry exposure. Working across different functions within an organization and simultaneously interacting with outsiders can provide a suitable training ground for higher studies.   Today, several online programs are catering to the learning needs of professionals and freshers. With advanced certificates and formal credentials, you can differentiate your profile to land the highest-paid non-IT jobs in India. Check out the following courses on upGrad: PG Certification in Digital Marketing & Communication MBA – Liverpool Business School MBA – Deakin Business School Product Management Certification Program A Quick Recap To summarize, the IT industry offers numerous career avenues beyond traditional roles like developer, engineer, or data scientist. This article aims to provide an in-depth look into the highest paying non-IT jobs in India. Additionally, we’ve outlined the sought-after skills and qualifications recruiters seek in candidates.  Armed with this information, you can delve into various fields that align with your interests and expertise. Consider this list as a roadmap for your career preparation, focusing on acquiring skills that foster both personal and professional growth. 
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by Dilip Guru

16 Apr 2024

Top 10 Best Career Options for Science Students: Which Should You Select in 2024
205090
Choosing a career stream or science line job is one of the most path-breaking moments of an individual’s life. It defines the future course of their professional and personal journey and is a stepping stone to the millions of dreams they have harboured. Career options for science students are abundant. The study of the three streams of science, namely physics, chemistry, and biology opens up a whole new world of opportunities ranging from the study of space and nuclear particles to the study of the sand and soil.  Studying science, especially physics, chemistry, and biology, is incredibly important for understanding how the world around us functions. Physics explains the movement of objects, while chemistry shows how things are built, and biology teaches us about living organisms. Pursuing any field of science also equips us with problem-solving skills crucial for finding solutions to real-life challenges. It can involve developing new medicines, sustainable energy sources, technological advancements, and life-upgrading innovations.  A solid foundation in these sciences opens up diverse science stream jobs and opportunities in medicine, research, engineering, and more. They are vital for understanding nature and the environment, paving the way for practical applications, meaningful careers, and sustainable world development. You can also check out our free courses offered by upGrad in Management, Data Science, Machine Learning, Digital Marketing, and Technology.  Learners receive an average Salary hike of 58% with the highest being up to 400%. Read on to learn about the importance of science. The importance of Science Are you reading this article on your laptop or mobile phone? You must be using the internet to access this article, right? Almost all human activities and things we take for granted today have been made possible by scientific knowledge in some way or the other.   Human progress has relied on the collective scientific knowledge of man across generations and spaces from the get-go. From discovering fire to making commercial space travel possible, man’s scientific pursuit has come a long way. Whether answering the greatest mysteries of the world to problem-solving our most fundamental problems, science has been at the forefront of all human endeavors. At every historical juncture when humanity has encountered challenges, whether inventing life-saving medicines or creating resilient crop varieties, science has made it all possible. Science has not only helped us overcome challenges but has greatly benefited us. Although we take all this for granted, these advancements would have appeared fantastical for our generation without scientific know-how.  The importance of science makes it very important that students opt for careers in science. Professional courses for science students give them the technical and analytical skills to be valuable to humanity. If you were to look up the “best careers in science,” you would know that a career in science can be very lucrative. Read on to learn more about the top 10 science jobs in 2024. Gone are the days when becoming a doctor or engineering were the only career options for science students to pursue. Even today, in common parlance, one only hears the mention of the conventional professions to pursue. New age professions are often shadowed or considered economically unreliable. Thus, pushing a large number of aspirants into the same rut of the mad rat race.  To resolve this issue for you, we have listed down ten exciting and unconventional career options for science students and science stream jobs. To help you in your decision making further, we have also provided some trustworthy resources where you can learn more about these professions. Read: 6 Best Career Options after BSC: What to do After B.Sc? How to Choose the Right Course After 12th Science? Choosing the career for science students after completing 12th grade with a science background is a crucial decision that can significantly impact your future career and personal growth. With numerous options available, carefully considering your interests, strengths, and long-term goals is important. Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you make an informed decision. Assess Your Interests and Passions Start by evaluating your interests and passions. What subjects in Science do you enjoy the most? Do you lean towards mathematics, biology, physics, chemistry, or a combination of these? Identifying your interests can guide you toward a field that resonates with your natural inclinations. Try joining clubs, science fairs, or online courses focusing on the subjects that excite you the most. Talking to experts or professionals in these fields can also give you practical insights into what working in those areas is like. Exploring these interests further helps you figure out what you love and what might be a good fit, especially when looking for science career options in the future. Identify Your Strengths Reflect on your strengths and aptitudes. Are you drawn to problem-solving, creativity, logical thinking, communication, or hands-on practical work? Matching your strengths with a suitable course can enhance your learning experience and potential for success. Consider what you’re good at. If you’re great at solving problems, fields like physics or engineering might be a good match because they involve a lot of analytical thinking. If you’re a good communicator, you might enjoy careers in scientific communication or healthcare where you can use those skills daily. Recognizing what you’re good at will help you find the ideal science stream jobs suited for you. Research Available Courses Research the various courses available after 12th Science. Consider both traditional options like engineering, medicine, and pure sciences, as well as emerging fields like data science, biotechnology, environmental Science, and artificial intelligence. Explore each course’s curriculum, career prospects, and job opportunities. Additionally, look into science stream career options, growth potential, and industry demand. This research will give you a clearer understanding of the pathways available and help you align your interests and aspirations with the courses that match them. Set Long-Term Goals Think about your long-term goals. Where do you see yourself five or ten years down the line? Do you envision a research, industry, academia, healthcare, or entrepreneurship career? Choosing a course that aligns with your goals can provide a clear sense of purpose and direction. Deciding the best science career options for your future helps you narrow down your choices and pick a course that fits your goals. If you want to be a researcher, choose a course with the scope to discover new things. If you dream of starting a business, look for courses focusing on innovation and business skills.  Consider Personal Values Your values, such as work-life balance, societal impact, ethical considerations, and the environment, should also play a role in your decision-making. Choose a course that resonates with your values and allows you to contribute positively to the world. Also, if caring for the environment is crucial, look for career options in science that focus on sustainability or environmental sciences. Choosing a course that aligns with your values gives you a sense of fulfillment and purpose. Evaluate Career Prospects While passion is important, consider the practicality of your chosen field. Research the current and projected job market for the course you’re interested in. Are there ample job opportunities, growth potential, and a stable professional demand? Assessing these factors can give you insight into whether the science student jobs you opt for offer stability and potential for career advancement. It ensures that you’re making an informed decision based not only on passion but also on the field’s potential for long-term growth and professional development. Talk to Professionals Reach out to professionals already working in the fields you’re considering. They can provide valuable insights into their careers’ day-to-day tasks, challenges, and rewards. Networking with professionals can also help you make informed decisions. By talking to them, you gain practical knowledge about their day-to-day work life, the challenges they encounter, and the rewards they experience in their careers. This interaction can help you understand if the reality of the job aligns with your expectations. Additionally, connecting with professionals can open doors to mentorship opportunities, guidance on career paths, and valuable advice for entering and succeeding in any science student job. Consider Further Education Some courses, such as postgraduate degrees or specialized certifications, might require or benefit from further education. If you’re open to pursuing higher education, factor this into your decision-making process. Additionally, some industries continually evolve, demanding professionals with higher qualifications. If you aspire to take up advanced studies or if your choice in career options for science students requires you to have higher qualifications, selecting an undergraduate course that aligns with future educational needs is the ideal path to take. Ensure the undergraduate program provides a solid foundation and prerequisites for further education in the field of your choice. Explore Cross-Disciplinary Options Don’t be afraid to explore interdisciplinary or cross-disciplinary courses. Combining your science background with management, design, or communication courses can open up unique career paths and broaden your skill set. Combining science with other areas helps you learn different things and opens up new science students’ career options. For example, mixing science with business could help you start a science-related business or manage a scientific company. These combined courses give you more skills and let you explore different job paths. Evaluate Course Structure Look into the curriculum and course structure of the programs you’re interested in. Are the subjects and projects engaging? Does the program offer practical exposure through internships, labs, or industry collaborations? Check how the course is set up. Make sure the subjects match your interests and what you want to do in your career. Look for courses that let you do hands-on things like internships or labs. These practical parts help you learn through practical experiences. Internships let you try out what you’ve learned in a real job. Labs help you understand your course by doing experiments. Also, courses that work with companies or industries give you an idea of how things work in the real world and offer the best job for science students. Consider Financial Implications Assess the financial aspects of your chosen course. What are the tuition fees, living expenses, and potential return on investment? If the course requires a substantial investment, weigh it against the potential benefits. Some courses might be expensive, so it’s essential to evaluate if the knowledge, skills, and future prospects gained from the course justify the investment. Consider the potential return on investment and whether the course will lead to a satisfying and high-paying job for science students. Visit Campuses and Attend Workshops If possible, visit the campuses of the institutions offering the courses you’re considering. Attend workshops, seminars, or open-house events to get a feel for the environment and interact with faculty and students. This firsthand experience allows you to immerse yourself in the campus atmosphere and gauge if it resonates with you. Interacting with faculty and current students and attending sample lectures or workshops helps you understand the teaching style, facilities, and overall learning environment. It also enables you to ask questions and gather insights that aid in making an informed decision about the suitability of the college and course for which job is best for science students like you. Trust Your Intuition While research and analysis are important, trust your intuition as well. If a particular course excites you and aligns with your aspirations, it might be the right choice, even if it doesn’t follow conventional wisdom. If you’re genuinely excited and passionate about a course, even if it doesn’t seem like the most obvious choice, it could still be the perfect fit. Your intuition often aligns with your genuine interests and aspirations, guiding you toward a fulfilling and personally rewarding path. Keep Alternatives in Mind Having a backup plan or alternative options is important if your first choice doesn’t work out. Flexibility and adaptability are key in navigating your educational and career journey. Being open to different options allows you to navigate changes more effectively and helps you determine in science which field is best. It also helps you align with your interests and goals, ensuring you can adjust if your initial plan doesn’t go as planned. Career Options for Science Students 1. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning With rapid digitization creeping into almost every function of modern living, professionals who can understand this are going to be priceless. AI and machine learning are not only innovative and exhilarating but also greatly in demand. Moreover, large corporations are also investing huge amounts of money in people who have expertise in these processes. Thus, making it an extremely commercially viable profession as well. A lot of universities in India are offering these courses as a degree program.  Some of the best reasons why AI and ML are among the top science background career options in India are: High Demand: Booming demand for AI/ML experts in almost every industry. Cutting-edge Innovation: Involves exciting work at the forefront of technological advancement. Financially Lucrative: Companies heavily invest in AI/ML, making it a financially rewarding field. Versatility: Opportunities exist across diverse sectors due to digital integration. Career Growth: Potential for advancement and exploration of various job roles and industries. Problem-solving: Involves solving complex challenges using cutting-edge technology. Global Appeal: AI/ML skills are globally sought-after and transferable across borders. Future-proof: Promising prospects due to AI/ML’s increasing integration in society. Check out Advanced Certification in Cloud Computing from IIITB To pursue practical AI and machine learning as a career, a degree in computer science with additional courses in AI and ML can suffice. You can also pursue a Master’s program in AI/ ML post your undergraduate degree. Though, if you are someone who has already crossed the degree program stage, you can refer to courses like the machine learning program offered by IIIT Bangalore and other management institutes that are brought to your doorsteps by upGrad.  You can also check our Machine Learning Program from IIT Delhi. IIT Delhi is one the most prestigious institutions in India. With more the 500+ In-house faculty members which are the best in the subject matters. Average AI/ML Salary AI/ML Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹11.5 Lakhs New Delhi ₹9.8 Lakhs Mumbai ₹14 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹8.5 Lakhs Pune ₹11.1 Lakhs Chennai ₹7.5 Lakhs Gurugram ₹12.4 Lakhs Kolkata ₹8.2 Lakhs Source How does experience affect AI/ML salary? Experience Salary Fresher ₹7.5 Lakhs 2 Year ₹8.9 Lakhs 3 Year ₹11.1 Lakhs 5 Year ₹13.9 Lakhs AI/ML salary based on industries Industry Salary IT Services ₹10.3 Lakhs Internet ₹12.3 Lakhs Software Product ₹7.8 Lakhs Financial Services ₹14.2 Lakhs KPO ₹12.1 Lakhs Read: Career options in science after graduation 2. Data Science Data Science simply is the study of different kinds of data by the application of scientific methods, processes, and algorithms. As AI and machine learning, this is also one of the new-age career options available for science students to practice. In today’s time, data is considered the most important thing in an organization. Companies are relying on mining and decoding of high-quality data to implement in their operations. Get Python Bootcamp from upGrad It has become a benchmark for driving growth for investors and corporates alike. A mixture of computer science, math, and analytics, data science helps a professional to forecast future business numbers and other technical data. This can be very helpful for companies in planning future operations.  Some industries where data science has key significance are risk management, farming, and forensics, and fraud management.  You can become a data science professional by simply pursuing a degree in computer science at the undergraduate level and then pursuing a short term course or post-graduation in data science for additional expertise. If you are keen on studying data science but want to avoid going to a physical college, there are various online courses also that can help you achieve your goal. Courses on data science offered by IIIT Bangalore through upGrad are especially good in this domain.  The top reason why data science roles rank at the top of any science subject jobs list is their widespread applicability and impact across industries, making them highly sought-after professions. It also has a constant and increasing demand for data scientists across industries. Average Data Scientist Salary Source Data Scientist Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹15.5 Lakhs New Delhi ₹13.6 Lakhs Mumbai ₹13.2 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹14.8 Lakhs Pune ₹12.8 Lakhs Chennai ₹13.3 Lakhs Noida ₹13.7 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹14.1 Lakhs How does experience affect data science salary? Experience Salary 1 Year ₹9.5 Lakhs 2 Year ₹10.5 Lakhs 3 Year ₹11.6 Lakhs 5 Year ₹16.4 Lakhs 8 Year ₹19.9 Lakhs How do Industries affect data scientist salaries? Industry Salary IT Services ₹13.2 Lakhs Internet ₹18.3 Lakhs Software Product ₹16.6 Lakhs Financial Services ₹15.1 Lakhs KPO ₹15.3 Lakhs Explore our Popular Software Engineering Courses Master of Science in Computer Science from LJMU & IIITB Caltech CTME Cybersecurity Certificate Program Full Stack Development Bootcamp PG Program in Blockchain Executive PG Program in Full Stack Development View All our Courses Below Software Engineering Courses 3. Business Analytics Though used alternatively in various contexts, data science and business analytics are not the same. While business analytics and data analytics, both are the study of data, the nature of data studied varies. Data Science is the application of algorithms and mathematical formulas to study data later used in devising mechanical processes whereas business analytics is the study of business data used to make key decisions of the company.  Data science involves the study of structured and unstructured data, while business analytics studies highly structured data to bring in important changes in business decisions.  A profession in business analytics is highly technical and intellectual in nature. It involves dealing with the top rung of a company’s management and is hence, considered highly rewarding.  If you are wondering which career has more scope in future for science students, you can choose data analytics for the following reasons: Data-Driven Decision Making: Vital for businesses aiming to optimize strategies and operations. Profitability: Helps companies enhance profitability through data-driven insights. Competitive Advantage: Provides an edge by extracting valuable insights from data. Career Growth: Offers diverse career paths and opportunities for advancement. Global Relevance: Applicable to businesses worldwide, ensuring broader job prospects. You can pursue a career in business analytics by obtaining a specializing in business analytics as part of your undergraduate or postgraduate degree.  Source To conclude, MBA in Business Analytics is an up and coming area of expertise that is gaining increasing traction in all sectors of the industry. The specialization shows a positive and promising outlook, and for those of you who have long been skeptical about choosing this career path, you can go ahead and start your MBA journey in Business Analytics! Featured Program For you MBA From Golden Gate University. Also read, Career options in medical Average Business Analyst Salary Business Analyst Salary Based on Cities City Average Salary Bangalore ₹6.77 Lakhs New Delhi ₹9.7 Lakhs Mumbai ₹10.2 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹10.1 Lakhs Pune ₹10.2 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹9.9 Lakhs Ahmedabad ₹8.5 Lakhs Chennai ₹10.1 Lakhs Source How does experience affect Business Analyst salary? Experience Salary 1 Year ₹6.3 Lakhs 2 Year ₹6.9 Lakhs 3 Year ₹7.6 Lakhs 5 Year ₹9.4 Lakhs 7 Year ₹11.2 Lakhs How do Industries affect Business Analyst salaries? Industry Salary Software ₹9.9 Lakhs Financial Services ₹10.6 Lakhs Management Consulting ₹10.5 Lakhs IT Services ₹9.4 Lakhs KPO ₹10 Lakhs 4. Blockchain Developer After the bitcoin revolution in the late 2010s, blockchain and professions associated with it gained great prominence. Blockchain is something that has enticed every young individual in the country with blockchain developing becoming a sought after profession.  To the unintended, blockchain is simply an offshoot of Data Science, where the data is organized in blocks. These blocks are then connected with each other using cryptography.  This is a very complex and new-age technology, famous for creating cryptocurrencies and other important statistical documents.  With the increasing awareness in cryptocurrencies and its trading, the demand for blockchain developers has grown exponentially. An interesting field, blockchain development requires a high level of understanding of complex computer software, mathematics, statistics, and algorithms.  Source Since this is also a tech-based profession like the ones mentioned above, to become a blockchain developer you need to possess a degree in computer science and software with an advanced specialization in blockchain and its development. These courses are offered by sophisticated universities as part of their post-graduation programs and by online platforms like upGrad.  One of the main reasons why blockchain is one of the best science stream career options is its transformative potential and the numerous opportunities it presents. Blockchain is an innovative technology with the potential to revolutionize various industries. Its decentralized nature ensures data transparency, security, and immutability, disrupting traditional centralized systems. Additionally, if entrepreneurship is your dream, you might also be able to follow in the footsteps of Vitalik Buterin (founder of Ethereum) and create your own cryptocurrency using this technology.  Read: Top 7 Highest Paid Science Jobs in India for Freshers & Experienced Explore our Popular Data Science Courses Executive Post Graduate Programme in Data Science from IIITB Professional Certificate Program in Data Science for Business Decision Making Master of Science in Data Science from University of Arizona Advanced Certificate Programme in Data Science from IIITB Professional Certificate Program in Data Science and Business Analytics from University of Maryland Data Science Courses Average Business Analyst Salary Source Business Analyst Salary Based on Cities City Average Salary Bangalore ₹6.77 Lakhs New Delhi ₹9.7 Lakhs Mumbai ₹10.2 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹10.1 Lakhs Pune ₹10.2 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹9.9 Lakhs Ahmedabad ₹8.5 Lakhs Chennai ₹10.1 Lakhs How does experience affect Business Analyst salary? Experience Salary 1 Year ₹6.3 Lakhs 2 Year ₹6.9 Lakhs 3 Year ₹7.6 Lakhs 5 Year ₹9.4 Lakhs 7 Year ₹11.2 Lakhs How do Industries affect Business Analyst salaries? Industry Salary Software ₹9.9 Lakhs Financial Services ₹10.6 Lakhs Management Consulting ₹10.5 Lakhs IT Services ₹9.4 Lakhs KPO ₹10 Lakhs 5. Software Designing If your interest lies in making innovative programs, software, and apps that make life and processes easier for people. Then this one’s for you. Similar to the professions mentioned above, software designing and development also involves advanced knowledge of computer programs and languages.  A highly creative field, software designing can enable you to let your imagination flow freely to create useful software for individuals and companies. Through this vocation can be pursued by graduates from other fields as well, a degree in science is preferred.  The key reason why software designing is considered one of the best science stream jobs is its integral role in driving technological innovation and shaping the digital landscape. As a software designer, you will be pivotal in creating innovative solutions that power various technological advancements. You will also be tasked with catering to diverse industries such as healthcare, finance, entertainment, and more, applying their expertise in creating tailored solutions. Software designing is very easy to study and practice. You can pursue it even while you are studying for your undergraduate degree. However, for a more substantial and profitable career, you may want to do a specialized course in the field.  Source Since the volume of software designers is very high and this profession requires a lesser amount of specialization like the others, the returns are considered average. However, software designers with an enviable portfolio and good experience can easily rake into a few lakhs a month.  Also, Check out online degree programs at upGrad. Average Software Designing Salary Source Software Designing Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹15.1 Lakhs New Delhi ₹15.6 Lakhs Noida ₹15.6 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹14.3 Lakhs Pune ₹24.1 Lakhs Gurgaon ₹15.3 Lakhs Ahmedabad ₹11.1 Lakhs Chennai ₹15.1 Lakhs How does experience affect Software Designing salary? Experience Salary 2 Year ₹7.9 Lakhs 3 Year ₹10.1 Lakhs 5 Year ₹12.9 Lakhs 7 Year ₹15.7 Lakhs 10 Year ₹19.8 Lakhs How do Industries affect Software Designing salaries? Industry Salary Banking ₹15.7 Lakhs Engineering ₹14.2 Lakhs Automobile ₹13.4 Lakhs IT Services ₹14.9 Lakhs Manufacturing ₹14.2 Lakhs 6. Spacetech While being a doctor, engineer, biologist, pharmacist, are some undisputed career options for science students, the interest in the sciences of space is also slowly rising in young adults. Nevertheless, now with technology becoming integrated with almost every field of study, space tech is surely gaining momentum.  Space tech basically is the application of digitization and technology to create tools and machines that can be used in operations related to outer space and the solar system. Space technicians create vehicles, machines, and other tools that help scientists research outer space better.  Spacetech is also regarded as one of the top-paying science career options because of its unique blend of high-level technical expertise and specialized skills and its significant impact on innovation and exploration beyond Earth’s boundaries. Working in spacetech requires a deep understanding of intricate scientific principles and engineering concepts due to the complexity of space missions and technologies. Due to the critical nature of space missions, precision and accuracy are paramount, leading to high demands for top-quality work. A highly specialized field, to practice in the space tech industry you would ideally need a degree in space sciences and mechanical engineering. Though however, this is an interesting career option for individuals interested in decoding the mysteries of outer space.  Individuals practicing space tech and space sciences can earn anything in the range of a few thousand per month to a few lakhs. The scope in this field is still growing, hence making the opportunities for growth endless.  7. Geology If rocks, earth, soil, and land are your area of interest, then Geology is for you. Geologists are scientists who specialize in the study of the earth and soil. These specialists study an area and forecast any potential threats like earthquakes, volcanoes, etc. Based on this study they draw up plans for builders and construction companies to create structures.  Geology is an important but underrated and unconventional field of science. To become a geologist, one can pursue a four-year bachelor’s degree in geology along with a master or doctorate for further specialization.  As mentioned above, since it is a very underrated and unconventional field of study, the salary is not as high as the professions mentioned above. However, this is a passion-driven profession, and earning does rise as one gains more expenses. Starting salary can be in the range of INR 3.5 lakh to 5 lakh per annum.  Top Data Science Skills to Learn Top Data Science Skills to Learn 1 Data Analysis Course Inferential Statistics Courses 2 Hypothesis Testing Programs Logistic Regression Courses 3 Linear Regression Courses Linear Algebra for Analysis Average Geologist Salary Source Geologist Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹4.2 Lakhs New Delhi ₹5.8 Lakhs Mumbai ₹6.3 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹5.2 Lakhs Pune ₹3.6 Lakhs Nagpur ₹3.8 Lakhs Kolkata ₹5.6 Lakhs Chennai ₹4.1 Lakhs How does experience affect Geologist salary? Experience Salary 2 Year ₹4 Lakhs 3 Year ₹4.7 Lakhs 5 Year ₹5.9 Lakhs 7 Year ₹6.7 Lakhs 10 Year ₹8.7 Lakhs How do Industries affect Geologist salaries? Industry Salary Power ₹6 Lakhs Engineering ₹6.8 Lakhs Building ₹6.1 Lakhs Mining ₹7.3 Lakhs Manufacturing ₹11.4 Lakhs 8. Forensic pathologist Forensic pathologists are doctors specializing in dead bodies and their secrets. Their role is to basically help the lawmakers in finding criminals by decoding clues from a dead body. Forensic pathologists spend hours doing the post mortem of a dead body to identify the causes of death and any other clues. Interesting isn’t it? A simple MBBS with a specialization in forensics can take you here.  Forensic pathologists usually work with government agencies and are very well paid. An average forensic pathologist can make an approximate amount of up to INR 25 – 30 Lakh an annum.  Also Read: Top 10 Highest Paying Jobs in India 9. Technical writer With content slowly becoming the king for consumers, technical writing has grown more than ever. Technical writers are authors who have specialized knowledge in a field and create content and opinion pieces around that field.  The barriers to entry in this field are typically negligent. You can sign up as a writer for a specialized science-based magazine or create your own independent content through Youtube or Instagram. As regards salary, technical writers are paid for their knowledge on a per word basis. This amount can be anything from INR 5 to 10 per word. For more experienced and proficient writers, this can be even more.  Average Technical writer Salary Source Technical writer Salary Based on Cities City Salary Bangalore ₹7.2 Lakhs New Delhi ₹7.1 Lakhs Mumbai ₹5.9 Lakhs Hyderabad ₹6.9 Lakhs Pune ₹6.5 Lakhs Noida ₹8 Lakhs Kolkata ₹9.1 Lakhs Chennai ₹6.3 Lakhs How does experience affect Technical writer salary? Experience Salary 2 Year ₹4.6 Lakhs 3 Year ₹5.6 Lakhs 5 Year ₹7.5 Lakhs 7 Year ₹9.5 Lakhs 9 Year ₹11.5 Lakhs How do Industries affect Technical writer salaries? Industry Salary Software ₹8.4 Lakhs Internet ₹9.3 Lakhs Engineering ₹5.8 Lakhs IT Services ₹6.6 Lakhs KPO ₹7.2 Lakhs 10. Astrophysicist This one’s for all the astronomers, stargazers, and The Big Bang Theory fans. Astrophysics is a field of science where principles of chemistry and physics are employed to study matters in outer space.  Ring a bell? These scholars deeply study the birth and death of stars and cosmic matter and base their research on them.  These scientists usually have a doctorate degree in Astrophysics and are paid anything between INR 15- INR 50 Lakh per annum by leading corporates and research institutes in India.  Now that you know the top 10 science student jobs for you in 2024, here are a few tips to choose the best career in science for you. How to choose the best career options in Science? After completing the professional courses for science students, you may be confused about which option to choose. There are infinite careers in science, but not all of them may be the right fit for you. Here are a few things you should consider when thinking about the jobs for science students. Answer the question: “What am I passionate about?” It will be the first step toward deciding which careers in science interest you. As the saying goes, do what you love, and you will never work a day in your life. So, instead of simply looking up the top 10 science jobs, see if any of them interest you.  Research the career options that interest you. There is enough information available, so read up till you are sure that you know enough to make a decision. Seek counseling from professionals if you think that will help. Look at the prospects and growth potential for the careers you have narrowed down to. Speak to people in the field and ask them for guidance. See if they align with your aims and goals in life. And then make a well-informed choice.   Conclusion Listed above are some of the best career options for science students to pursue after their 12th grade. Based on factors like innovation, level of study and average pay, students can prioritize these as per their interests. These options are not exhaustive. There is a whole wide universe of other career options for science students that are related/ unrelated to science. These are in no way lesser or less valuable to a career in science. Thus, a student and other stakeholders associated with them should focus on their interests as the one and only thing while choosing a career stream. This will help them excel at whatever they pursue and make them step in the revolutionary and specialized courses of the future.
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by Dilip Guru

16 Apr 2024