Author Profile Image

Sriram

Blog Author

Meet Sriram, an SEO executive and blog content marketing whiz. He has a knack for crafting compelling content that not only engages readers but also boosts website traffic and conversions. When he's not busy optimizing websites or brainstorming blog ideas, you can find him lost in fictional books that transport him to magical worlds full of dragons, wizards, and aliens.

POSTS BY Sriram

All Blogs
Top 133 SEO Interview Questions &Answers [Ultimate Guide 2024]
Blogs
7504
Summary: In this article, you will learn the Top 133 SEO Interview Questions &Answers like, Basic Level SEO Interview Questions & Answers Intermediate Level SEO Interview Questions & Answers Expert Level SEO Interview Questions & Answers Read the full article to know more in detail. Attending an SEO interview and wondering what are all the questions and discussions you will go through? Before attending an SEO interview, it’s better to have an idea about the types of SEO interview questions will be asked so that you can mentally prepare answers for them. If you want to gain more expertise, check out our digital marketing courses. To help you out, I have created the top SEO interview question and answers guide to understand the depth and real-intend of SEO interview questions. Let’s get started. Check out the Job Linked Online Digital Marketing Bootcamp program from upGrad. SEO Interview Questions & Answers Let’s segregate the article into three sections: Basic Level SEO Interview Questions & Answers Intermediate Level SEO Interview Questions & Answers Expert Level SEO Interview Questions & Answers The level of questions may differ depending on the kind of role you’re seeking. For the senior levels, the question could be harder and a similar goes for the junior level positions.  Basic Level SEO Interview Questions & Answers As a beginner, you can expect SEO basic interview questions testing your fundamental knowledge. Here are some SEO interview questions for freshers to help you crack your interview.  i 1. What is SEO? This is almost always the first SEO interview question you will face. According to Moz, SEO is: ” the practice of increasing the quantity and quality of traffic to your website through organic search engine results.” SEO helps to increase the visibility of the business. 93% of online experiences begin with search engines. People trust organic results more than paid results. Having your website listed for right keywords brings potential traffic to your website. SEO is used to increase the organic traffic to the website. The higher ranking on the search engine shows the better performance of the website, the search engines such as Google, Yahoo, Bing, etc. In order to increase the traffic, there are many factors that contribute to it- Quality Content Interlinking Usage of keywords Relevant topics You can also consider doing Advance Certification in Digital Marketing from MICA from upGrad to upskill your career. SEO methods help businesses to get their website rank for potential keywords without spending a dime on search engines advertisements and bringing the most valuable traffic. It’s called ‘organic’, ‘free’, ‘natural’ results. There are so many optimization methods, activities should be done to make sure your website is search engine friendly and ranking for targeted keywords. Best Digital Marketing Courses Online Advanced Certificate in Brand Communication Management - MICA Advanced Certificate in Digital Marketing and Communication - MICA Performance Marketing Bootcamp - Google Ads from upGrad To Explore all our courses, visit our page below. Digital Marketing Courses 2. What does SEO stand for? SEO Stands for Search Engine Optimization. 3. Why SEO is so important to businesses? There is a popular joke in the online industry is that, if you want to hide a dead body, you should hide it in the second page of Google. Because, a fraction of people actually go to the second page of SERP and if your industry is not on the first page of Google, your competitors will take all your customers. CTR decreases gradually with each position. If you want your business to be successful in the online world, it is very important to have a well-optimized website. One big advantage of SEO against PPC is, even if you stop your SEO activities today, your results won’t stop tomorrow, unlike PPC. SEO is very important for businesses if they want to make more sales without high marketing costs. This makes for the most commonly asked SEO interview questions. In the digital world that we live in, businesses are also moving towards creating an online presence. Even businesses that started before the digital time are also switching to an online presence. The reason is that it brings more visibility. upGrad’s Exclusive Digital Marketing Webinar for you – Webinar with Q&A Session on Digital Marketing document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/kapil-panchal-alumni-talk-about-careers-in-dm.mp4 When the website is updated, the business gets more visibility. The visibility is on the first page, so when a potential customer has searched for a product your business comes into the first results. Another reason why SEO is that it brings trust, if the business is mentioned in the first few searches then it builds trust in the buyer’s mind. If the buyer does not see your business in the first few searches, it brings doubt to the buyer’s mind. 4. What is a Search Engine? According to Google, a Search engine is “ a program that searches for and identifies items in a database that correspond to keywords or characters specified by the user, used especially for finding particular sites on the World Wide Web”. Search engines answer the queries entered by users and give them the list of relevant results based on various factors. Search engines are the software that carries out the search and presents the relevant options.  It allows the users to search for the content on the world wide web (www). Once the search has been made, the search engine looks for the nearest response according to the search by searching on other web pages and finally presents the search options. There are various types of search engines such as Google, Bing, Yahoo, etc. You can also consider doing our Management Essentials Bootcamp if you are interested. 5. Name a few search engines other than Google. One of the most common SEO interview question. Popular search engines other than Google are Bing, Yahoo!, DuckDuckGo & Yandex. There are actually so many types of Search engines. For example, YouTube is a search engine which only results in video results. If you consider based on traffic, YouTube is the second popular search engine in the world. To respond to these SEO interview questions and answers, you may choose to answer about other types of search engines as well. That will show your enhanced knowledge such as Bing, Yahoo, Baidu, Duck Duck Go, etc. 6. Who are the founders of Google? Larry Page and Sergey Brin are the founders of Google while they were pursuing PhD at Stanford University, California. 7. In which year Google was founded? Google was founded in 1998. 8. What does Google stand for? The letters GOOGLE doesn’t stand for anything. It’s not an abbreviation. When Larry Page and Sergey Brin started the company they named it Backrub. After they realised they need a new name, they wanted to name as Googol. When they wanted to register they misspelt it Google and rest is history. 9. What are the most important Google Ranking Factors? There is no definite, concrete answer for this. Everything we know is based on our experiments and industry best practices. The following can make for the Google Ranking Factors- Content Quality Keywords Backlinks Organic clicks Page loading speed 10. Most important Google ranking factors are: Quality Content Quality & Relevant Backlinks Mobile First Page Speed Brand Strength Domain Strength User experience Technical SEO Social Signals Content Freshness Schema Code HTTPS Domain Authority Content Type Content Depth Also visit upGrad’s Degree Counselling page for all undergraduate and postgraduate programs. 11. What is web crawling? Web crawling is the process where search engine bots crawl websites for indexing. Those are called a spider or spider bot. Crawlers use hyperlinks to visit other pages, documents and bring information back to the web servers for indexing. Once the crawler visits a page, it makes a copy of it and adds it URLs to indexing. More fresh content you produce, more frequent your website will be crawled from search engines. When asked these SEO interview questions for freshers, you could also mention why crawling is important. The additional response could bring brownie points during an interview. Crawling is important because of indexing as if the website contents or pages would not appear in the search results if they are not indexed. 12. What is SERP? SERP stands for Search Engine Results Page. When you search anything on search engines, this is the page where you can see all the results. SERP includes PPC listings and organic listings. Listings are available in multiple formats based on the keyword. SERPs are unique results for the users, even though the search could have been made using the same keywords. The reason behind this is that before presenting the results, there are other contributing factors that are behind the result such as the browser history, location, etc. There are two types of content available in the SERP result- Organic Pay-Per-Click (PPC) 13. What is an organic result? Source Among the two types of search results in SERP, organic results are displayed by search engines based on the relevancy, quality and other ranking factors. Organic results are unpaid results and also called as ‘free results’, ‘natural results’. Ranking of organic results is based on various factors. Organic results can be seen under the paid results. You can’t manipulate organic results by paying Google but can be improved by having high quality content and improving user experience. 14. What is a paid result? Paid results are which advertisers pay to get their ads displayed above organic results on SERP. Paid results are quick and advertisers don’t need to optimize their website, content to rank. The position will be based on your Max CPC and your quality score. The more quality score you have, the less money you need to pay. Paid results have a little green box that says paid, which shows that the company has paid to have their website or page to be placed at the top. 15. What is Google Sandbox? Google Sandbox Effect is a theory that states new websites are normally in the probation period (inside a box) and cant be able to rank well for its most important keywords. The theory states Google needs some time to observe before taking it out of that imaginary area. It may be caused by building too many links within a short period of time. It has never announced officially but was mentioned when Google talking about different topics. It is the name given to the ranking process of Google that how it ranks the websites in its index. It is like an imaginary filter that Google puts. The new websites do not get visibility till their probation period. The Sandbox effect could be prevented by improving the content, indexing the website, using keywords, having traffic from social media, etc.  Digital Marketing Free courses to Learn Influencer marketing free course Introduction to advertising free course Influencer marketing right free course SEO basics free course SEM basics free course Email marketing free course Social media marketing introduction free course How to leverage user generated content free course Content marketing free course Fundamentals of marketing free course Brand marketing masterclass free course 16. What is Google Autocomplete? Google Autocomplete is a function in Google and other search engines. When a user starts typing in the search box, the Google autocomplete function gives you a list of options to complete your search. Source It helps users to finish the search with less time and effort, especially when you are searching from a mobile device. The search suggestions are based on popular searches and also based on your search history. 17. What is Googlebot? Googlebot is Google’s web crawler to find, crawl and index web pages. Googlebot is Google’s web crawler to find, crawl, and index web pages. Googlebot and the Google web crawler is the same thing. There are two different types of crawlers- Desktop Crawler- Simulate over the desktop Mobile Crawler- Simulate over the mobile device 18. What is DA? One of the most common question in any SEO interview. DA which stands for Domain Authority is a metric developed by MOZ. It ranges from 0 to 100. The higher the better. The more DA you have the better the possibility of ranking. The scores between 40 and 50 are considered average. DA scores between 50 and 60 are considered as good and DA scores above 60 are considered excellent. 19. How important is DA? DA is still an important metric for SEOs. They use it to quickly understand the quality of websites. It helps them to compare multiple sites and understand their authority. 20. Difference between DA and PA. DA is Domain Authority. It explains the authority of your entire website. The higher the DA, the higher the possibility of ranking. But, DA is one of the hundreds of ranking factor. PA is Page Authority. It explains the authority of a specific page, based on the backlink, social sharing, etc. PA determines how well a certain page would rank on SERP. A score nearing 100 is considered good. 21. What does www stand for? What is it? WWW stands for World Wide Web. World Wide Web is a collection of websites stored in web servers & connected to local computers. The websites contain various types of content like text, images, audio, video and etc. World Wide Web was invented by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989. If we consider WWW as a book, its pages are located on servers all around the globe. How can we travel from one page to another? With the help of hypertext, we can. Hypertext helps users to locate Uniform Resource Locators aka URLs. 22. What is a domain? People cant remember numbers but they can remember words. Domain names exist as it’s easy to remember a word or phrase instead of remembering long string of numbers. For example, Google.com is easy to remember than “74.125.127.147″. It is simply a part of the address and works as a descriptor. 23. What is a TLD? Top Level Domain (TLD) is the final part of an internet address. There are different types of TLD are available like .com, .net, .org, .co.in, etc. 24. What is ccTLD? ccTLD is a country code top-level domains. Each country has their own domain extension. All ccTLDs are just two characters. For example, .in for India, .us for USA. 25. What is web hosting? If you consider buying a website is like buying a home, web hosting is the land (space) you buy. Web hosting is access to space web hosting companies provide where you can build your website. The server has to be connected to the internet. When visitors type the domain name, their device connects to the server and the pages will be delivered. 26. What does URL stand for? URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. It is the address of a web page or document on the www. URL has multiple parts. It begins with protocol (https, http, etc). Let’s see the multiple components of URL: Protocol: method used to process the URL (https, http, etc) Domain: the domain name (ex: upgrad.com) Path: the folder and page of the website Query string: parameters for dynamic data Hash: finds the specific section of a webpage. 27. What is White Hat SEO? One of the most common question in any SEO interview question and answers guide. White Hat SEO is a process of improving your search engine rank following the guidelines of search engines without compromising on your methods. White Hat SEO doesn’t involve in manipulating search engines with shady methods but instead involves in building search engine friendly website and user experience. White hat involves in creating quality content which provides value to the visitors and helps them to earn links instead of building backlinks. 28. What is Black Hat SEO? Black Hat SEO is a process of trying to manipulate search engine algorithms to improve the search engine ranking. It violates search engines’ guidelines. Black Hate SEOs practice the methods to get immediate results instead of building a website with users in mind. There are so many Black Hat methods they utilize and search engines identify and offer penalty if get caught. Black Hat methods might be helpful in short term but if you are planning for long term, black hat definitely is not the solution. If your site gets penalized, it takes so much time and effort to remove it. 29. Difference between White Hat and Black Hat SEO? The difference between White Hat and Black Hat SEO is: The list of methods which are following Google’s guidelines are called White Hat SEO. The list of methods which are not following Google’s guidelines are called Black Hat SEO. 30. What are the black hat SEO practices to avoid? The following are the list of black hat SEO practices to avoid: Cloaking, keyword stuffing, link exchange, buying links, PNB, link hiding, link farming, gateway or doorway pages. 31. What is a PBN? Private Blog Network is a website built on dropped or auctioned domain. Some black hat SEOs build them to link to their important website and transfer authority. Google is against this method as it can uplift a spammy website so they are most often hidden from search engines. In-demand Digital Marketing Skills Advertising Courses Influencer Marketing Courses SEO Courses Performance Marketing Courses SEM Courses Email Marketing Courses Content Marketing Courses Social Media Marketing Courses Marketing Analytics Courses Web Analytics Courses Display Advertising Courses Affiliate Marketing Courses 32. What are all the popular SEO tools available in the market? This SEO Interview Question is to understand your expertise over tools. Most popular and important SEO tools are Google Analytics, Google Search Console, Google Keyword Planner, Bing Webmaster Tools, Ahref, SEMRush, Alexa, Moz, Buzzsumo, and more. Google Search Console: If you are an SEO, you need to master Search Console. It helps you to check your website health in the eyes of Google. It helps you to analyse the performance of your website and helps you optimize it better. It helps you to find the list of errors in the website. It is completely free tool from Google. Google Analytics: Free version of Google Analytics is sufficient if your website is mid-level. It helps you to understand the performance of your website, understand the behaviour of the visitors, helps you perform better in terms of conversions and so on. Apart from these free tools, some notable paid tools are Moz: It helps businesses to analyse and get insights about their websites and their competitors. Ahrefs: Ahrefs is the best tool if you want to check your or your competitor’s backlinks. SEMRush: SEMRush helps you check the health of your backlink, the position of your keywords, and errors in your website. Screaming Frog: It crawls your entire website and lists out all key elements like internal links, external links, titles, descriptions, HTTP status code, and more. 33. What is a do-follow link? Any SEO Interview Question and Answers guide won’t complete without this question. Do-follow is the default hyperlink. When search engines finds a dofollow link, it crawls the page and pass authority (also called as link juice) from one website to another. More do-follow links from high authority sites means possibility of better ranking in SERP as backlink is still an important ranking factor. Example of a do-follow link: <a href=”https://www.upgrad.com”>Do-follow link Example</a> 34. What is a No-follow link? Again, one of the important SEO interview question.No-follow is another type of backlink where webmasters can tell search engines that not to follow the specific link. Well, it doesn’t guarantee Google to not to follow the links. Businesses use nofollow link when they link social media sites or any other third party sites and don’t want to pass their link juice to those websites. 35. What is the difference between do-follow and no-follow links? A Do-follow link passes the link juice from one domain to another and the no-follow link doesn’t pass the link juice. A Do-follow link is more valuable in terms of SEO and No-follow links are less valuable. 36. What is On-Page SEO? On-Page SEO is the list of activities performed in the website to increase the performance of the website in ranking, user experience and conversion. Primary aspects of on-page SEO: Page title, Meta descriptions, Meta tags, URL Structure, Body tags, Keyword density, Image, Internal linking. 37. What is a keyword? Keywords are words or phrases search engine users use to find relevant content. They are also known as queries. When we figure out the list of keywords your potential users use, after the complete analyzation, we have to implement those keywords on relevant webpages and optimize it to rank higher on search engines. 38. What is keyword frequency? Keyword frequency is the number of times a specific keyword phrase appears on a web page. While optimizing a web page, we have to make sure we don’t use the keyword so much that becomes keyword stuffing. 39. What is Keyword Difficulty? Keyword difficulty is a metric to define how difficult it is to rank for a specific keyword-based on its popularity and competition. Higher the keyword difficulty, more time or number of backlinks might be needed. 41. What is Keyword Proximity? Keyword Proximity tells the distance between to keywords on a web page. 42. What is Keyword Density? Keyword Density is the percentage of times a keyword or phrase appears on a specific web page. When the keyword density is far higher than the recommended level, it might trigger search engines to think it’s keyword stuffing. So, we need to make sure the keyword density is not too high for any primary or secondary search phrases. For example, if a keyword appears 5 times in an article of 200 words, the density would be 2.5%. There is no ideal keyword density but 3-4% is considered as best practice for SEO. 43. What is Keyword Stuffing? Keyword stuffing is a black hat SEO method which increases the number of keyword density to a far higher range in order to rank for potential keywords. After the panda update, it’s not recommended to keyword stuff to manipulate search engines and should be avoided at all costs. 44. What is Keyword Stemming? Keyword Stemming is a process of identifying the root word of a keyword and creating new keywords by adding suffixes, prefixes and pluralization. 45. What is Keyword Prominence? Keyword Prominence tells where your keyword is located in a web page. For example, in a blog section, it is better to have your keyword in the article, especially first and last paragraph. 46. What is NAP? NAP stands for Name, Address, Phone Number. NAP is one of the critical aspect of Local SEO. It helps search engines to understand and identify the list of companies to be displayed for specific location-based searches. 47. How do you know if you are using the right number of keywords in a page? There is no right number or range. You have to make sure the keywords in the content looks natural and doesn’t look forced.  It is a best practice to have 3 primary keywords and few secondary keywords and again, it depends on the length, keyword difficulty, competition, flow of the page and more. 48. What is long tail keyword? Long tail keywords are phrases which have more than 4 words and very specific in nature. Source Unlike short keywords which are very broad, long tail keywords show the intention and nature of the search thus gets a good number of conversions if we target accordingly. Blogs are the best places to utilize long tail keywords. Unlike broad keywords, the number searches long tail keywords are very less but if we combine multiple long-tail keywords, we get a good amount of traffic with a very high conversion rate. 49. What is bounce rate in SEO? Any SEO Interview Question and Answers guide won’t complete without this question. One of the most common question in any Google Analytics interview question. Bounce rate is the percentage of website users who leaves the website from the landing page without visiting any other page or without taking any specific action. According to Google, Bounce rate is single-page sessions divided by all sessions or the percentage of all sessions on your site in which users viewed only a single page and triggered only a single request to the Analytics server. To lower the bounce rate, increase the engagement on your page (with the help of internal links, CTA, etc), increase page speed, matching user experience and more. Bounce rate benchmarks change from genre to genre. Blogs tend to have high bounce rates and B2B sites should have lesser. Benchmarks also change based on the industry. Popular Digital Marketing Blogs Beginners Guide to YouTube Marketing : Complete List How to Monetize Your YouTube Channel? Top 5 Actionable Steps The Complete Guide on setting up a LinkedIn Company Page Everything You Need To Know About Digital Marketing A Complete Guide to Digital Marketing Strategy: What it is and How to create it? Digital Marketing Tutorial: A Step-by-Step Guide To Become an Expert Future of Digital Marketing: How It Goes From Here Importance of Digital Marketing: Top 10 Reasons Your Business Needs it Digital Marketing Challenges: How to Win Amidst the Challenges in Digital Marketing 50. What are header tags? Header tags are nothing but header tags in your page. It ranges from <h1> to <h6> with H1 being the biggest and H6 being the smaller header. H1 and H2 is considered to be the most important for SEO. It is recommended to utilize your secondary keywords in header tags wherever it feels natural and doable. 51. What are meta descriptions? Meta descriptions are HTML attributes which conveys what the page is about. It provides the description about the webpage not only to search engines but also to users. Users can read the meta descriptions beneath the Title of the web page in search engine results page. Meta descriptions are one of the important SEO tags where its recommended to optimize for keywords. Apart from that, it is crucial to design a meta description in a way that users want to read more about your web page and thus improve your CTR. 52. What are Internal Links? Internal links are hyperlinks that connects one webpage to another webpage of your domain. Internal links structure is very important for both user experience and search engines. Internal links structure should be well planned keeping users in mind so they can navigate the website without any confusion. Keep every important page within 2,3 clicks from the home page. Link Depth is the number of clicks required to reach a page from home page. Keep all your important key pages links in the home page. Internal links help search engines to crawl and index the web pages of the website and helps link juice pass from one page to another. If properly optimized, right placements of internal links reduce the bounce rate of the web page. 53. What are outbound links? Outbound links are links that links your website to another website. Having too many outbound links might hurt your SEO as they pass link juice from your domain to another domains. It is recommended to have no-follow links to outbound links to avoid passing on authority. Keeping few outbound links to high authority sites might be helpful as you tell search engines more about the content you have and it creates a connection from your website to other relevant websites. 54. What are inbound links? Inbound links are links coming from another domain to your own domain. 55. Difference between an inbound link and an outbound link? Inbound links are incoming links from other domains to your domain. Outbound links are links that links your website to another website. 56. What is robots.txt? Robots.txt is a text file. It is through this file. It instructs search engine crawlers about indexing and caching of a webpage, file of a website or directory, domain. 57. What are anchor texts? Anchor text is the clickable text in a hyperlink. Anchor texts help user to understand what the page is about. It also holds SEO value if keywords implemented. But in case of over optimized, might get punished from Google. Anchor text should be natural and diversity is important like branded, long tail, image links, partial and exact matches. 58. Why is anchor text important to SEO? Search engines use anchor text to understand the context of the page it is linking to. This holds some SEO value in terms of understanding search engines what the page is about. 59. What is Title Tag? Title tag helps Google and users to understand the purpose of a web page. Optimizing page title is an important on-page task where it’s recommended to use your primary keyword. Also, the title tag should be good enough to make search engine visitors click on it and visit your web page. 60. What is SEO Friendly URLs? Again, one of the popular SEO interview questions. SEO Friendly URLs are URLs which are easy for both search engines and users to understand. URLs which are static instead of dynamic, without parameters, keyword optimized, reader-friendly & short. 61. What is Robots Meta Tag? Robots Meta Tag tells the search engines how to treat the page with commands like FOLLOW, NOFOLLOW, INDEX & NOINDEX. 62. What is 301 redirect? This SEO Interview Question is to understand your technical knowledge. 301 redirect is a permanent redirect method to redirect users and search engines to redirect from old URL to new URL. When a webmaster wants to redirect from one URL to another for various reasons, 301 is considered as the best as it passes most of link juices from the old page to the new page. 301 is better for SEO compared to 302 or another JS related redirects in terms of passing authority and value. 63. What is Search Console / Webmaster Tools? Google Search Console, previously known as Webmaster Tools is a tool Google provides to webmaster to check the health of their website in the eyes of the search giant. Not only webmaster can analyse the various aspects of the website like checking indexing status, crawl errors, crawl status, keyword performance, backlinks, but also can be able to disavow urls, apply for page reindex, upload XML sitemap, etc. If you are attending an SEO interview learn & practice more on this. 64. What is ALT Tag? Alt tag is an HTML attribute that helps us to give a description to every image you publish in your website. If any reason, the image cant be displayed in the browser, users can read the alt tags and understand what the image relate to. It also helps search engines to understand what the image is about, which helps them to understand more about the page. Alt tags can increase the ranking of the website’s images in Image search of search engines. 65. What is Off-Page SEO? Off-Page SEO is the list of activities performed away from the website to improve the ranking and visibility of the website. Primary aspects of Off-Page SEO: Guest Blogging, Reverse Guest Blogging, Social Networking Sites, Press release, etc. 66. What are backlinks in SEO? When one website links to another website, that is called as backlinks. Backlinks are an important SEO ranking factor. There are two types of backlinks. No follow and Do follow backlinks. When a web page gets multiple relevant backlinks from authority sites, Google and other search engines consider the page to be more relevant to the search query, thus improving the rank of the web page. The number of the backlinks are not always important but the quality and relevancy makes big impact. 67. How important are backlinks? Google considers backlinks like a vote. The more backlink a website has, the more popular and important it is. But as we mentioned in the early answer, just the number is not the only factor. There are so many other factor decided how much value every backlinks brings to your website. The authorization of the website, the relevancy of the website, the value of the page where we get backlink from, location of the page where we get backlink and so on. One high quality backlink is more valuable than ten low quality backlinks. If you are into ERP businesses, the links you get from websites/blogs related to ERP has more valuable than non-ERP related websites. 68. What is Search Engine Submission? Search engine submission is a processing of submitting your website to popular search engines to make sure it gets crawled and indexed. But, this process is not necessary anymore as search engines are way smarter and have the capacity to find your website and index easily without you needing to submit it to them manually. 69. What is Forum Posting? Forum posting is an off-page technique where you create a profile on relevant forum, create a thread, engage with other users, participating in online discussions to get backlinks to your site. This could have been a great way to reach out to potential users and engage but some advertisers spammed the process and thus lost its trustability. But still, if you can engage with users and educate them, clear their doubts, help them find the solution, we can still utilize this method. 70. What is RSS Feed? RSS Stands for Really Simple Syndication. RSS Feed submission is a process of submitting RSS feeds to RSS submission directory. It is helpful for users to get updated on multiple blogs, websites and news from a single location.  The usability of RSS is very limited now and the way people consume content has changed along the time. 71. What is Blog Commenting? Blog Commenting is a process of adding comments on blog posts with a relevant backlink to your website. There are two types of blog commenting. Automated and Manual. Automated blog commenting is usually a scammy process where you don’t read a blog post and comment on a mass scale. It doesn’t add any value to the reader or publisher. Manual commenting is when you select relevant sites, read through the blog post, add your opinion in the form of a comment, engaging with the author and share your relevant blog post/page which can be helpful to other readers. 72. SEO Value of blog commenting It is obvious that the value, practice of blog commenting is not how it is used to be. The links don’t hold any value as they are mostly no-follow these days. It can only be valuable if you choose the right blog, share the right link and if people follow your page based on that link. You don’t normally find this question in many SEO  interview questions and answers guide but you should be prepared anyway. 73. What is referral traffic? Referral traffic is the visits you get from third party domains. You can improve the referral traffic by building or earning links from potential and relevant websites. 74. Is directory submission still working? Directory submission is an off-page SEO technique still getting utilized by some businesses. It works only if your business is getting listed on popular directory websites where people actually look for businesses. Listing the website in dozens of websites just to get backlinks is an old concept that should be avoided. You can submit your website to niche-relevant directory for citation if it’s a local business. 75. What is PPC? Pay Per Click or PPC is a kind of advertisement campaign in which advertisers are charged when users click on the advertisement. The amount charged on the advertiser is called Cost Per Click (CPC). Most PPC advertising will include a CPM component as well. CPM is an abbreviation for Cost Per Mille, or in plain English, cost per thousand Ad impressions. Source There will be a small cost charged on the advertiser when the Ad gets thousands of views. This SEO Question is to understand your knowledge outside SEO. Read more about the Google AdWords Interview Questions and Answers. 76. What is CTR? It is one of the common SEO interview questions. CTR stands for Click Through Rate. We can get the CTR by dividing the number of impressions by the number of clicks. Example, if you got 15 clicks out of 150 impressions your CTR would be 10%. CTR is not a direct ranking factor but in a long run it can improves the ranking on SERP. 77. What is EMD? EMD or Exact Match Domain is a domain which includes the search phrases. For example: BuyTabletsOnline.com 78. What is the difference between page rank and Search engine result page? Sometimes a tricky SEO Interview question. Page rank is a Google algorithm. This is a metric for measuring the performance of the webpage submitted by webmasters to the search engines. Google discontinued revealing the page rank to the world. SERP lists the pages that relate to any query made by the user. These results include both organic search as well as paid results. The results in the SERPs hold some position, and these are not just random positions. The ranking positions are decided by the search engines using sophisticated algorithms, and page rank is one of them. How does a website become search engine-friendly? Several factors are vital in making a website search engine-friendly. These factors include quality content, keywords, metadata, titles, etc. A website must have these factors to be ranked by a search engine and found by the user.  How is SEO success measured?  Organic traffic, keyword rankings, CTR, bounce rate, time spent on a page, returning visitors, and domain authority are some factors that help measure a website’s SEO strategy success.  The factors to be assessed to check the efficacy of an SEO strategy are:   Increased organic traffic: If the organic traffic on a website is growing, that is a good sign that the SEO strategies are working.  Better natural backlinks: Backlinks help search engines understand that a website’s content is trustworthy and valuable. If the website gets high-quality, natural backlinks, it’s a sign that the SEO is effective.  Low bounce rate: If the bounce rate of your website is high, it indicates that the website’s content isn’t engaging or informative. If it continues to remain high, some changes should be made to the SEO strategy.  What is local SEO? This strategy helps businesses become more visible in local search results on search engines like Google. Local SEO could benefit businesses having a physical location or serving in any geographic area. It targets the audience and potential users interested in local search for any business service or product.  What is the difference between paid and organic results?  Search results are of two types —paid and organic, shown on the search results page (SERP) depending on the relevance and quality of the user query. Organic results are non-paid, and ranking high organically is quite tricky, requiring the proper use of SEO tools.  Whereas paid results need bidding on the keywords. Depending on the maximum cost per click (CPC) and the quality score, these results are placed above the organic search results on the SERP. Being paid advertisements, the higher the score, the lesser the amount to be paid.  What are some of the common SEO mistakes? Some of the common SEO mistakes are as follows:  Poorly written content Keyword stuffing  Lacking a title or description  Using huge keywords  Low-quality backlinks  What is page speed, and why is it important? This is one of the important SEO related interview questions. Page speed is the time a website takes to load for a user. A search engine considers this when ranking websites as a page that loads faster directly correlates to a better user experience. Reducing redirects, reducing image sizes, removing render-blocking, improving serve response time, optimizing the code, etc., can increase page speed. Which meta tag is most important and why?  The two most crucial meta tags are the page title, also known as the SEO title, and the meta description. The page title plays a vital role in ranking and is shown on the Search Results Page (SERP). Not only should keywords be used to rank well, but they should also be compelling so the user wants to click on them.  On the other hand, the meta description does not affect the page ranking, but it plays a crucial role in compelling users to click on the website.  Intermediate Level SEO Interview Questions & Answers 79. What is Canonical URL? When there are multiple variations of a page, canonical URL is a way of telling search engines which specific URL is the original and which one you want to be listed in search engines. Canonical URL helps websites to avoid duplicate issues. There can be multiple cases you can have canonical issues such as different dynamic parameters of same page, print version, and more. Cross-domain canonical URL makes content syndication possible. In this process, you select the original version and use the canonical attribute so the other versions are considered as the variations and not duplicate pages. Share the various methods to fix the canonical issues in this SEO interview question. 80. What is an HTML Sitemap? One of the important SEO interview questions. HTML sitemap is a web page where users can able to access the list of pages in a proper structure, organized in a way that they can understand and navigate the site smoothly. Source It is not necessary to create an HTML sitemap if your website has handful of user-accessing webpages. If you have a big website, HTML sitemap is particularly useful. 81. What is an XML Sitemap? XML stands for Extensible Markup Language. XML sitemap is intended, designed only for search engines, time of the last modifications performed on them. It lists the webpages and how frequently those gets updated. XML sitemap is a way for us to ask search engines to crawl and index all our important pages frequently. Sitemap is one of the first thing search engines search when it finds a website. 82. Explain LSI LSI Stands for Latent Semantic Indexing Keywords are semantically associated with primary keyword that visitors used in the search engines. LSI keywords will increase the keyword relevancy when we optimize the page with these keywords. LSI make it possible to optimize keywords in the web page without creating keyword stuffing issues.  Google’s algorithm utilizes LSI keywords to help identify the relevancy of a particular search term. It helps search engines to understand the semantic structure of the keywords and squeeze out the meaning of the text to bring the best results on SERP. 83. What is Google Algorithm? Google algorithm is a set of rules, commands and codes that helps the search engine to find relevant search results to user queries. It is said to be more than 200 ranking factors Google algorithm uses to rank a web page for specific keywords. Hummingbird is the name provided to the Google algorithm and every year thousands of updates are improving the algorithm in multiple ways. 84. What is Google Penalty? According to Wikipedia: “A Google penalty is the negative impact on a website’s search rankings based on updates to Google’s search algorithms or manual review.[dubious – discuss] The penalty can be a by-product of an algorithm update or an intentional penalization for various black-hat SEO techniques.” Google algorithms automatically penalize your website when you violate any Google guidelines. Google executives manually penalize any website if they catch the website doing anything against the guidelines. You receive a notification in your search console when that happens. It takes so much effort and time to uplift the penalization once you fix the issues and submit your website for consideration. 85. What is Panda Update? Google has introduced Panda update in 2011 to penalize or devalue lower quality websites based on low quality content and reward high-value websites. Google panda de-ranks or penalizes pages with less amount of useful content and pages with duplicate content. 86. What is Penguin update? Google introduced the penguin updated in 2012 to find sites which have spammy backlinks and devalue or penalize. Penguin was intended to find link farms, buying links, blog networks and every other black hat link building methods. Penguin update helped Google find websites which are violating Google’s guidelines and building backlinks just to improve the ranking in SERP. 87. What is Hummingbird Update? Hummingbird is the name of the Google search algorithm overhaul happened in 2013. Hummingbird has helped to make search more about context and less about keywords and it helps Google better understand the intend of the keywords not just keywords. The better and improved interpretations of the intention is what special about the hummingbird. 88. What is Mobilegeddon update? Mobilegeddon update is the way of Google telling webmasters to make their websites mobile friendly in order to be given priority on search engine results. As the number of people uses Google on mobile devices keeps on increasing, Google’s intention is to give best experience to all mobile users by providing them mobile friendly web pages in results. After Mobilegeddon update, mobile friendliness of a page has become an essential factor in ranking the websites in the SERPs. 89. Google Pigeon Update? Google Pigeon is an update to increase the relevancy and quality of local searches. 90. List down the tools you use for SEO? Here, you need to list of tools you have used in the past / present like Google Analytics, Google Search Console, SEMRush, Similar Web, Screaming Frog, Ahrefs, Alexa. 91. What are rich snippets? Rich snippets is a form of structured data which helps websites to give more information to the readers and helps them to get more clicks. Rich snippets don’t directly improve the ranking of a web page but if presented well, it can increase the CTR of the web page which can increase the ranking in a long run. 92. What is Cloaking? Cloaking is a black hat technique where the user finds different web page content when compared to that web page content search engine finds. Cloaking a method of tricking search engine algorithm to index a totally different keyword stuffed webpage but displaying the actual page only to users. 93. What are Doorway Pages? Doorway pages are a black hat method which should be avoided. Doorway pages are the pages search engines users first visit after clicking a search engine result before entering the real landing page. They are optimized for search engines and once the user visits the doorway pages they are automatically redirected to the real landing page. 94. What does EAT mean? Expertise, Authority & Trustworthiness. 95. What stand for YMYL ? YMYL Stands for Your Money, Your Life. 96. How to decrease the loading time of the website? We can decrease loading time by Optimize CSS delivery to reduce HTTP request Using external style sheets Compressed images (without compromising the quality) Minifying code Enable browser caching Use CSS sprites to reduce HTTP request Less self- hosted videos 98. What is Google Analytics? This is almost always the first Google Analytics interview question you will face. Google Analytics is a free web analytics tool offered by Google to help you track and analyze the performance of your website. Google Analytics records various activities of users when they visit your site like user engagement, visitor flow, number of conversions, along with attributes such as age, gender, interests with the help of tracking code. Google Analytics aggregates the data in multiple ways like User level, Session level, Pageview level, Event level. The main purpose of the tool is to help you make decisions to improve the site performance and revenue. 99. Tell me some of the reports in Google Analytics Mobile performance report Traffic acquisition report Content efficiency report Keyword analysis report New vs Returning visitors Landing pages report Bounce rate vs Exit rate report 100. What you can get from Google Analytics? This SEO Interview question is to check your GA knowledge.The primary things we can get from Google analytics are: Real time users report Location of your users Best and worst performing channels List of popular pages Speed of your webpages Goals and conversion Funnel Flow Visitor Behavior and internal search Audience Devices 101. What is meant by conversions and how will you track conversions through GA? One of the important questions suggested by most of Google analytics questions and answer guides. Conversions happen when your predefined Google Analytics goals are accomplished thus generating ROI to the website. Source For example, if the user takes any desired action on the website, like filling the form or signing up a newsletter, or simply showing a high level of engagement, etc. Goals can be utilized in Google analytics to set the conversion tracking. Any completed user activity that is important for your business is called conversion. In normal words, a conversion is a successful accomplishment of a predefined goal. 102. What are all the crucial factors to improve the ranking? The content quality of the web page How fresh, in-depth your content is Authority of your domain for the subject Number of quality and relevant backlinks 103. What are the common SEO Mistakes to be avoided? This SEO Interview Question is to check your experience and cautiousness. Some of the common mistakes to be avoided are: Not considerate about the freshness and the quality of the webpage Not having unique title and description Optimizing for very broad keywords Keyword stuffing Building multiple low quality backlinks Using poorly-written content 104. How do you optimize an URL? URLs should be optimized for keywords, URLs should be simple, short and easy for readers to understand. 105. What is Competitive Analysis? Competitive analysis is the process of identifying your organic competitors and analysing how they perform better, where do the lack and using the information to make your site better. It normally includes on-page analysis, keywords they are using, content quality and pattern, internal linking and navigation, backlinks, referring domains. 106. How to see the list of pages indexed by Google? In the search console, we can be able to check the number of website pages google indexed. Another method is to use search operator in Google to manually check the list of all pages indexed by the search giant. 107. What is Mobile First Indexing? Mobile first indexing implies that Google use the mobile version of the content for indexing. 108. What is Press Release Submission in SEO? Press release submission is a process of writing newsworthy content like new releases, partnerships, new hires, etc and submit them to popular PR sites for link building and to increase the visibility of the website. To make sure they publish it, the content has to be interesting and important. 109. What is the value of press releases? We can get the value from press release only when we earn new links from third party websites. As it costs money to publish press releases, it’s very important to make sure the story is interesting enough to earn quality backlinks. 110. What are contextual backlinks? Contextual backlinks are the links surrounded by text in the body of the content. Contextual links possess high value than the links from header, footer or sidebar. Contextual links are the most valuable backlinks but are difficult to attain. 112. What are the social media platform used for SEO? Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn are some crucial platforms that are used for online promotion. 113. What are social signals? Social signals are engaging activities people have with your accounts on social media platforms as in likes, dislikes, comments, shares, views, etc. 114. What is cross linking? Cross linking is the activity of linking one site to another. It provides users with reference sites that contain the content related to the search. If owned by same person, Google recommends it to be no-follow. 115. How to say a specific link is a bad one? Links from irrelevant and low authorised websites, links from link exchanges, too many anchor-optimized links from single page, and links from penalized websites. 116. High quality content or high amount of backlinks? If we have high quality content, we can earn high quality backlinks. Quality is always better than Quantity (even in SEO). So, high quality content is always better. What is the difference between off-page and on-page optimization?  Off-page and on-page optimization are SEO techniques that help improve a website’s search ranking. Off-page optimization is the technique used to improve a website’s position on the search engine results page (SERP). It focuses on backlinks, social shares, brand mentions, domain, and page authority. In comparison, on-page optimization is used for optimizing individual websites to rank higher and reach more relevant traffic. What is link building?  A search engine’s priority is to provide for the searcher. This implies that it constantly seeks the most relevant results for any given searcher. Link building can be defined as the process of getting other sites to link to pages on your website. Its goal is to boost the ‘authority’ of your page in the search engine’s eyes so that these pages have a higher rank and drive more search traffic. What are conversions, and how are they tracked on Google Analytics? When a predefined Google Analytics goal is accomplished, it is known as a conversion. For instance, a visitor availing a service provided, subscribing to a newsletter, purchasing an item from the website, etc, are examples of conversion. Modifications can be easily monitored using Google Analytics with conversion reports. How to use SEO for videos?  Videos are growing in popularity exponentially. People generally use YouTube to search for any video. The basic SEO for YouTube videos is to include popular keywords in the meta descriptions, titles, or tags. Since engine bots cannot watch video, they rely on text data accompanied by the video. Taking advantage of the video’s texts in the form of closed captions, transcripts, and subtitles will help positively impact user engagement, experience, viewership, and watch time. What are link penalties? Link penalties are measures used by Google, like search engines, to penalize websites that have engaged in link schemes or other black hat SEO methods. Websites do this in an effort to alter their search engine rankings. This could result in a significant drop in traffic and revenue of a website and cause damage to their reputation. Links low in quality, unnatural, spam, or explicit might cause link penalties. Explain Google Knowledge Graph.  It is an enormous knowledge base from which Google serves relevant and immediate answers to search queries in an infobox right beside the search results. This informative block is meant to look visually appealing, too. What is E-E-A-T in SEO? One of the most commonly asked technical SEO interview questions, E-E-A-T means Experience, Expertise, Authoritativeness, and Trustworthiness. It is a part of Google’s newly released Search Quality Rater Guidelines – a handbook for evaluating the search results quality. This framework also helps determine which website should have a higher rank in search results depending on the value and credibility of the content. Explain what is Frames in HTML. Frame in HTML is a method that divides a page’s content into a number of parts (depending on the size of the content). Search engines consider frames entirely different pages, which may adversely impact the website’s SEO. This is why it is suggested to avoid using frames and use basic HTML instead. What role does social media play in SEO?  The advantages of social media in SEO include: Increased brand awareness: A brand having good social-media engagement with high-quality content on the website is more likely to rank well on a search engine. Increased visibility: Even though social shares do not affect a website’s ranking, they increase its visibility. They visit it, which thereby improves the search engine ranking. Supports link building: Influencers availing services from your website might share the link on their blogs or pages. Expert Level SEO Interview Questions & Answers There are several advanced SEO interview questions and answers you must prepare for your interview. Here, we have listed some expert-level interview questions for SEO.   117. What is AMP? Source AMP stands for Accelerate Mobile Pages is an open source project which helps publishers to increase the speed and improve readability of their web pages on mobile devices. Google, WordPress, Adobe has joined hands with few other companies to made this possible. 118. What is Rankbrain? Source Rankbrain is a part of Google’s Hummingbird search algorithm. Google utilizes Rankbrain to understand the intend of search queries. Its an AI system to process pages to understand and decide the relevant results for specific new queries. RankBrain can learn and understand new patterns which helps to find quality results. There is no way to optimize a website for RankBrain but just to concentrate on quality content as RankBrain is hardly about keywords. 119. What is BERT algorithm? Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers is an algorithm updated which helps Google with a deep learning algorithm for NLP. Natural language processing can help Google to understand the context of the sentence as like a human. 120. What is SEO Audit? SEO Audit is an activity of evaluating the health of the website. There are multiple sections involved in SEO audit like On-Page, Off-Page and Technical SEO. SEO Audit helps to find the issues in the website which should be fixed to improve the website ranking, user experience and conversions. Some of the primary aspects are: Indexability, on-page, content quality, technical SEO, navigation, speed of the website, structuring of the website, anchor texts, off-page, referring domain – backlink ratio, meta data, quality of the referring domains, competitive analysis, etc. 121. What is a link audit? Link audit is an activity to audit the backlinks of your domain. Link audit helps you to understand the type of backlinks you receive, also to lists to backlinks you want to add to your disavow list. 122. What is Google’s Rich Answer Box? This is one of the advanced SEO interview question. Google’s method of helping the users to find the answer to their queries without clicking any website is Google’s rich answer box. You can find these when search for weather reports, distance, cricket score, unit conversions, calculators, text based answers and more. 123. What is Disavow Tool? Disavow Tool is a Google Search Console Tool to allow publishers to convey Google that certain links from other domains should not be considered and should be avoided. It helps the websites to avoid any actions based on bad links. But, the tool should be handled very carefully and if not used with cautious, it can harm the website performance in search engines. 124. What is Guest Posting? Guest posting is one of the best link building activity where you contact a relevant and quality website and offer to write for them and getting a contextual link back to your page. Some websites let you have link only on the author bio and some websites let you have link in-body for a small fee. Guest posting increases the visibility of your website among your targeted customers and potential traffic to your website and improves the authority of your website. 125. What is Schema Markup? Very regular SEO Interview Question. Schema Markup is a structured data you implement in the website for search engines to understand your website better and provide additional information to users on SERP. It doesn’t improve the search ranking of the website but the rich snippet improves the CTR of the listing thus improves the ranking in long run. 126. How can we increase the frequency of crawling by search engines? We can increase the frequency by updating the page regularly, adding new content. Ensuring the server has no downtime and always works and running, updating your sitemaps, removing unnecessary pages, improving quality backlinks, decreasing the loading time of your website, etc. 127. What is “(Not Provided)” data in Keyword Reports? Honestly, this is one of the regular questions in the google analytics interview question. To answer this you have to understand why google does this. In October 2011, Google changed the way it harvests data from search to protect users’ privacy. Image source How to solve this: Use traffic sources data from the queries report Examine Google ads data Use search console – search queries data 128. How to optimize a website with millions of pages? Special attention need to be given to following section for those kind of websites: Creating dynamic meta tags Dynamic XML sitemap Strong internal structure for navigation 129. What to do if your website got penalized ? First, to understand why it happened and fix the issues completely. Then apply for re-inclusion. 130.  How can we improve the landing page quality? Landing page quality can be improved by following ways: A strong headline and supportive tagline Original and quality content Page load time User-friendliness and user experience Following Google guidelines Easy to navigate and understand Clear call of action message Visual imagery Not having too many links Should connect with Brand and proposition Simplified lead capture form Trust symbols. 131. What is Event Tracking? It is one of the common Google analytics interview questions. Events are user interactions with content that can be tracked independently from a web page or a screen load. Downloads, mobile ad clicks, gadgets, Flash elements, AJAX embedded elements, and video plays are all examples of actions you might want to track as Events. For example, if you like to see how many visitors download an ebook, watched a video, you can set up event tracking. 132. What does SEO Manager do? SEO Manager An important SEO Interview Question if you are attending an interview for the position of SEO Manager. An SEO Manager is responsible for coordinating and implementing SEO and SEM (search engine marketing) campaigns/programs for clients. They oversee and coordinate with the content, design, social media, and marketing teams and also manage offsite and onsite optimization projects. SEO Managers get the higher range of SEO salary in India.  SEO manager is responsible to coordinate SEO efforts, both onpage and offsite optimization. SEO manager develops and executive SEO strategies with the help of his team of SEO specialists. He/she also needs to have basic knowledge of web design and development. Primary tasks of an SEO Manager: Execute SEO projects and campaigns to improve website leads/purchase. Analyze, report the performance of the projects and campaigns. Overlook the performance of other team members, and guide them to work efficiently. Optimize the website landing page, fill the content gap and track KPIs. He should have excellent communication skills to help him collaborate with other team heads. Guiding the team for the challenges they face and recommend suggestions to fix problems. 133. What is model comparison tool? Final SEO Interview Question in our guide. This is one of the most complex questions in Google analytics Question answer guide. What actually is model comparison tool? Attribution models are widely used to identify the right marketing channel and gives credit. But how do you decide which attribution model would work for your business? Model comparison tool helps to compare conversion metric by using different attribution modeling like first interaction, last interaction, time decay and more. Model comparison tools helps you to compare three attribution models with one another. For example, you can compare how Twitter advertising works when you apply last clicks with linear and time decay attribution. Source How does Google decide the ranking of websites using SEO? Exactly how Google ranks websites remains a mystery. The organization has yet to publicize the search algorithm it uses. However, SEO professionals have found the best practices to stick to in order to achieve good results. What is the relation between SEO and SEM?  The most significant difference between SEO (Search Engine Optimization) and SEM (Search Engine Marketing) is that SEO is free, whereas SEM is paid. SEO helps improve a website’s visibility, whereas SEM helps improve a business’s sales. SEM comprises pay-per-click display ads that any company can purchase to promote their business. Why is it necessary to know about a competitor’s website backlinks? Analysis of a competitor’s backlinks helps develop a digital strategy for your website, allowing you to measure the industry’s competitiveness. You will know how well your competitors perform and establish measures to compete against them. How often should a backlink audit be performed?  Link auditing can be a long and tedious process. If you are starting to build links, you can perform an audit frequently. However, an entire link audit should be done at least once a year. Conclusion We hope our SEO Interview Questions and Answers guide is helpful. We will be updating the guide regularly to keep you updated. Are you preparing for SEO interview questions 2023 and wondering about the SEO market? With the advent of digital marketing, SEO is essential for every industry, making SEO jobs high in demand. According to a study, the global SEO market is anticipated to grow at an exponential rate of 17.6% between 2022 and 2030. If you want to explore and become an expert in Digital marketing, check out MICA and upGrad’s Advanced Certificate in Digital Marketing & Communication. Become an expert in content marketing, social media, branding, marketing analysis and PR.
Read More

by Sriram

19 Feb 2024

Top 6 Highest Paying Jobs in Commerce Without Maths [For Freshers & Experienced]
Blogs
903795
This article will tell you about the highest paying jobs in commerce without maths. Life is unimaginable without maths. But several careers pay decent salaries to commerce graduates without maths. Many 12th-standard graduates are uncertain about how to advance their careers, and they may end up choosing the commerce stream. This stream offers exciting job opportunities both in the public and private sectors. It unlocks many high-paying job roles for skilled candidates. However, the point is can you get a job if you have dropped maths in your studies? Well, commerce graduates can get one of the jobs without maths in India. The rising number of job opportunities in this field has led to a rise in the demand for various job positions. One of the most significant factors commerce graduates consider is salary. The following sections discuss commerce graduates’ 6 highest-paying jobs without maths in India. These jobs guarantee admirable salary packages for commerce graduates with the required skills and experience. We’ll discuss each career in detail to ensure you don’t have any confusion regarding the same. Let’s get started: Highest Paid Jobs in Commerce Without Maths Finding a decent salary package is one of the major factors that undergraduates take into account when making a professional decision. If you wish to pursue career options in commerce without maths that will satisfy you on a social and professional level. You can achieve this by working at a well-paying job that supports your standard of living.  Here is a list of some of the highest salary jobs for commerce students without Maths:- 1. Chartered Accountancy Chartered Accountancy is one of the most popular career choices among commerce students. A great thing about this career choice is that it doesn’t require you to have maths as a subject. Maths is not a compulsory subject for CA, so students who didn’t pick mathematics are eligible to pursue this career option. Learners receive an average Salary hike of 58% with the highest being up to 400%. To pass the CA exam, you’d only require a basic understanding of mathematics. Chartered Accountancy is one of the highest-paying jobs for commerce professionals. You can enrol in the CA course right after high school, making it quite an attractive choice. The CA course has three stages: The Foundation Course, The Intermediate Course, and CA Final. Before 2017, these stages had these names: The Common Proficiency Test (CPT), the Integrated Professional Competence Course (IPCC), and the CA Final, respectively.  After you complete the three stages, you’ll have to do an internship of 2.5 years after which, you’ll get certified as a Chartered Accountant. The CA course lasts for three years and allows you to get roles in large corporations such as Deloitte, McKinsey & Company, Tata Consultancy Services, and EY. The average salary of a Chartered Accountant in India is INR 7.89 Lakh per annum. Beginners in this field earn a median pay of INR 4.11 Lakh per annum. Experience matters a lot in this sector as CAs with 10+ years of industry experience earn a median salary of INR 17 Lakh per annum. So, CA is easily one of the highest paying jobs in commerce without maths.  Source It is one of the highest searched jobs in India. Chartered Accountants are expected to work in different fields. They help with taxation, audits, and other financial management. It is a stable job role with a very low attrition rate. You can expect 4-7 years to become a Chartered Accountant. It is one of those that demand jobs without maths in India with excellent academic performance. Read: Highest Paying Jobs in India 2. Company Secretary Another prominent career choice for commerce without maths students is Company Secretary. Company secretaries are responsible for handling the regulatory issues of a company. They help the board of directors understand and meet the various regulatory issues and ensure that the organization operates appropriately. Company secretaries provide that their organization completes all the necessary legal filings such as disclosures of annual earnings, quarterly earnings, tax obligations, etc. Apart from doing these duties, company secretaries have meetings, perform reviews, and perform many tasks related to their company’s regulatory compliance. It is an excellent career choice for commerce without maths students because it focuses on corporate law. To become a successful company secretary, you should be an expert in corporate law. Students of any stream can enrol in the company secretary course.  After you complete the 12th, you’ll have to enrol in the ICSI Foundation course. After completing the ICSI Foundation course, you can join the ICSI Intermediate course. However, you should note that graduates and postgraduates can join the Intermediate course directly without taking the Foundation course. After completing the Intermediate course, you would have to clear the ICSI Final exam and undergo the necessary training. After completing the necessary training, you’ll be certified as an Associate Company Secretary.  Thus, if you’re a student looking for courses after 12th commerce without maths with high salary, the position of Company Secretary offers a freeing escape from traditional expectations, demonstrating that successful jobs can exist without a strict commitment to mathematical frameworks. The median salary of a company secretary in India is INR 6.50 Lakh per annum. With experience, your pay can go get very good salary as a company secretary. Such a high salary range shows how Company Secretary is one of the highest-paid jobs in commerce without maths. Company Secretaries are responsible for ensuring the company’s efficient operation. They look after the company’s general administration and shareholder communication. Therefore, these professionals are the leading pillars of the company. They are in-house legal experts or regulatory officers that ensure flawless management of the company. In other words, corporate and securities law professionals are tasked with supervising legal and regulatory compliance and implementing the authority’s decisions. Furthermore, they work as chief consultants to the board of directors. They recommend ways to manage a business effectively, generate financial results, tackle the clash of interest issues, etc. You must study for 3 years and appear for the CS executive exam at the end of the course. Many of the duties of these professionals are identical to that of the Corporate Compliance Officers. This is because CS ensures an organization’s administration operates efficiently, especially when it comes to guaranteeing compliance with statutory and regulatory requirements. They act as mediators between the stakeholders and the board. Moreover, they are responsible for the corporation’s legal filings, like disclosures to shareholders, tax obligations, and quarterly or annual earnings and account information. Being a company secretary, a career in commerce without maths is bright if you hold strong academic performance and exceptional skills. They must be able to handle visual and written correspondence. An in-depth understanding of business rules is a must-have skill. 3. Certified Public Accountant (CPA) A Certified Public Accountant (popular as CPA) is responsible for the accounting, reporting, and auditing companies, clients, and government agencies. Their job responsibilities vary according to their employer and specializations. When it comes to highest salary jobs for commerce students without Math, the CPA position is a particularly attractive one because it emphasises both financial expertise and a talent for strategically conveying stories. For students studying commerce who aren’t very good with numbers, becoming a CPA involves learning about financial storytelling and strategic advice. Usually, CPAs review their company’s financial info, report taxes, finance, and audits, prepare the necessary documentation, and stay updated on any regulation changes. They might perform audits for their company and improve the recordkeeping and bookkeeping processes for the same. CPAs work with companies, accounting firms, NGOs, or run their own firms. It is a globally-recognized profession, so with a CPA certification, you can find jobs in overseas markets too. It would be best if you were adept at accounting to become a CPA. The AICPA (American Institute of Certified Public Accountants) offers the CPA course. It requires you to enroll in the CPA certification program and pass the CPA exam. The course lasts for two years, and to earn the CPA license, you must complete 150 hours of the course semester. The subjects for the CPA certification exam are Auditing and Attestation (AUD), Business Environment and Concepts (BEC), Financial Accounting and Reporting (FAR), and Regulation (REG).  As it’s a globally recognized certification, you can go abroad and work for foreign firms as a CPA. The average salary of a CPA in India is INR 7 Lakh per annum. Experience is critical to your career in this field. For example, CPAs with around 1-4 years of experience earn around INR 6.7 Lakh per annum, whereas CPAs with more than ten years of experience make around INR 15 Lakh per year. It is undoubtedly an excellent career for commerce without maths students.  A CPA may be tasked with various activities ranging from assessing and inspecting an institution’s financial position (state agency/private corporation) to organizing audits for them.  Being a CPA, you can fulfill your goal to embark on an excellent career in commerce without maths by cultivating the following skills. Important skills required to become a CPA: Knowledge of accounting and reporting procedures. Knowledge of how to use new tools related to accounting systems. Profound knowledge of tax laws Leadership skills, profound organizational knowledge You must know the course options that help you to become a CPA. The two popular courses are Bachelor in Commerce and BSc in Finance. You need to appear for corresponding CPA exams after the course completion. Your chances for well-paying jobs without maths in India increase if your exam score is good. Source Check out: Highest Paying Jobs in Commerce Field 4. Certified Management Accountant (CMA) Commerce students have plenty of options when it comes to courses that offer career opportunities abroad. As commerce without maths student, you are eligible to pursue a career as a Certified Management Accountant (CMA). The median salary of a CMA in India is INR 7.97 Lakh per annum. With more experience and expertise, your salary in this field can go up to INR 40 Lakh per annum too. So it’s undoubtedly a lucrative field with lots of opportunities. It also shows how CMA is among the highest paying jobs in commerce without maths.  Source You’ll have to become a member of the Institute of Cost Accountants of India to become a CMA.   After you complete the Intermediate course, you’ll have to enroll in the Final Course after which, you’ll have to undergo Industry Oriented training and Practical Training. Finally, you’ll have to pass the Final exam to get the certification. You would only have to study some basic concepts of mathematics and statistics during CMA courses and training. Apart from that requirement, maths isn’t required anywhere in the course.  There are three levels of CMA –foundation, intermediate and final. You need to develop relevant skills if you aim to work on without maths jobs. The key skills you will learn in a CMA course are: Financial Accounting Management Accounting Cost Management Risk Management Planning and Budgeting Strategic Management Performance Management External Financial Reporting 5. Digital Marketer Who says you should choose a commerce-specific career? There are tons of career opportunities for commerce without students beyond commerce-related fields. One of the highest paid jobs in commerce without maths is a digital marketer. As companies are becoming more and more digitized, the demand for online marketing professionals is rising accordingly. As a digital marketer, you’ll be responsible for handling the online presence of your company. Digital marketers manage their clients’ social media profiles, run ad campaigns, oversee content creation, and focus on increasing the reach of their clients. As a digital marketer, you can find jobs in marketing agencies, advertising companies, large corporations, or start your digital marketing firm. You can choose to become a freelancer and be your own boss.  The median pay of a digital marketing manager in India is INR 5.41 Lakh per annum. It would be best to have a bachelor’s degree in any stream of your choice and a digital marketing certification to pursue a career in this field.  Digital marketers lead a team of marketing professionals who assist him or her in performing search engine optimization, social media marketing, online reputation management, content marketing, and many other things. Experienced digital marketers earn an average compensation of INR 11 Lakh per annum. So you can see how digital marketing is among the highest paying jobs in commerce without maths.  If you wish to explore and become an expert in Digital Marketing, check out MICA and upGrad’s Digital Marketing Certificate Program. Become an expert in social media marketing, content marketing, branding, marketing analysis and PR. Almost all companies require digital marketing professionals. These professionals assist the organizations in developing awareness and an online community. Moreover, they also assist in boosting sales via various channels. They fulfill their client’s requirements by creating, conceptualizing, and marketing content. This job role demands a high level of management skills, creativity, and problem-solving skills. It is one of the topmost without maths jobs that offers handsome salary packages to deserving candidates. 6. Product Manager Commerce students will learn about the exciting and fulfilling job of a product manager—a career path that defies the rigid constraints of conventional expectations—by navigating the world of high-paying jobs that don’t require math or science.  If you’re interested in entering the tech sector or want a unique career path, you can become a product manager. The demand for product managers is significantly high in India because of their exceptional skills and qualifications. Product managers are responsible for the success of a specific product in a company. They oversee the entire lifecycle of a product. This means they handle the ideation, conception, development, production, promotion, release, and performance of the product. As the industry has become more suitable for the agile methodology, companies have started releasing more products. That’s why the demand for product managers has increased exponentially in the past few years. The average pay of a product manager in India is INR 16 Lakh per annum. They are responsible for determining their products’ demand, monitoring the industry trends, and overseeing the development process. Like all the careers we discussed in this article, the pay of a product manager in India depends heavily on their experience. Product managers with 1-4 years of industry experience earn a median salary of INR 13 Lakh per annum, whereas product managers with more than ten years of experience make INR 20 Lakh per annum. As commerce without maths student, you can quickly pursue a career in this field. Although most jobs for this field require a graduate degree, having specialized certification in product management will substantially enhance your chances of bagging this role.  For instance, aspirants can opt for upGrad’s Product Management Certification course. This course provides in-depth knowledge on various topics like user design, market research & analytics, product planning and development. All businesses are constantly working on creating innovative services and products to reach an international audience. Product managers are important parts of the product development process, ranging from its early conceptualization to final manufacturing. Plenty of companies are on the hunt for expert product managers who are innovative and creative. The commerce without maths scope is ample for this job role. Important skills required to become a product manager: Fundamental knowledge of data interpretation and analysis Knowledge of KPIs and the specific industry Strategic Management Business Skills Familiarity with user design and user experience Research skills Analytical skills Attention to detail Courses you can pursue to become a product manager: Bachelor in Business Administration Bachelor in Management Studies Bachelors in Marketing Bachelor in Finance/ Economics MBA in Product Management MSc in Marketing Also Read: Career Options For Commerce Students 7. Financial Analyst For workers lacking a traditional foundation in commerce, the dynamic field of financial analysis offers lucrative prospects that prioritise strategic thinking, analytical proficiency, and business savvy. Strategic financial planning, budgeting, and forecasting are just a few of how experts like Financial Planning and Analysis (FP&A) analysts greatly contribute to the success of their organisations.  Their focus is on understanding intricate business operations, utilising analytical skills, and providing valuable insights for informed decision-making, with less emphasis on complex mathematical modeling. Corporate Finance Analysts, pivotal in financial strategy and capital budgeting, require numerical proficiency but place greater emphasis on strategic financial decision-making and holistic business understanding. When navigating the wide range of career options after 12th commerce without maths, the position of Financial Analyst becomes apparent as a tempting avenue that easily breaks through the rigidity of conventional expectations. 8. Investment Banker  An investment banker is a highly compensated job option in the competitive world of finance that does not always require a maths background in commerce field. Investment bankers play a crucial role in coordinating intricate financial operations, such as capital raising for clients and mergers and acquisitions. Although a strong analytical mindset is necessary, this position places more of an emphasis on good communication, strategic thinking, and market knowledge than it does on a strict reliance on highly developed mathematical skills.  People with a variety of educational backgrounds, from the sciences to the liberal arts, can succeed in this area, demonstrating that success is predicated on having a thorough understanding of finance and being able to navigate around complex financial environments. Investment bankers assess risks, develop intricate financial models, and offer strategic recommendations to enhance their clients’ investments.  For this role, collaboration across various stakeholders and a thorough approach to financial issues are necessary. To flourish in this esteemed area and effectively negotiate all facets of financial transactions, ambitious investment bankers must cultivate their analytical skills, stay informed of market trends, and improve their communication ability. The salary range for an investment banker in India is INR 2.0 Lakhs per annum to INR 55.0 Lakhs per annum, with a median salary of INR 17.7 Lakhs per annum.  So, if you’re seeking jobs for commerce without maths that promise high salaries, the Investment Banker role offers a liberating escape from conventional expectations, proving that lucrative careers can thrive without a rigid adherence to mathematical frameworks.   9. Chief Financial Officer The position of Chief Financial Officer (CFO) represents a pinnacle in the corporate hierarchy and stands as one of the highest-paying roles in business, without necessitating a specific background in commerce. Therefore, commerce without maths jobs offers a dynamic and wide range of opportunities for people to carve out a satisfying and effective career, whether understanding the complex world of banking or leading creative marketing initiatives. As a strategic leader, the CFO is responsible for managing an organisation’s finances and setting its course.  CFOs often come from diverse educational backgrounds, including engineering, law, or even the sciences, showcasing that a deep understanding of finance, coupled with strategic insight, is key to excelling in this position. In addition to leading the organisation’s financial strategy, the CFO is in charge of risk management and financial planning. To maximise the company’s financial situation entails working with multiple divisions, evaluating financial performance, and providing crucial recommendations.   Success in the CFO role relies on a comprehensive understanding of business operations, regulatory compliance, and the ability to communicate financial insights effectively to stakeholders.  According to AmbitionBox salary trends, the average yearly compensation for a CFO in India is INR 53.6 Lakhs per annum, with salary ranges from INR 12.0 Lakhs per annum to INR 101.0 Lakhs per annum. Therefore, the CFO position highlights the changing environment that values a broad skill set of highest paid jobs in commerce without maths. Aspiring business professionals can strive to reach the top of financial leadership, earning high salaries while making important contributions to the long-term prosperity and viability of the organisations they serve. 10. Entrepreneur Among the highest-salary jobs for commerce students without maths expertise, becoming an entrepreneur is an exciting career path that defies assumptions. Imagine yourself as the creative architect who creates novel projects and navigates the commercial environment without being constrained by the strict parameters of intricate formulas or accepted scientific ideas. The entrepreneurial path is specially designed for those who are passionate about business and want to break free from the financial limitations that are frequently connected to attractive professions. In India, an Entrepreneur typically makes INR 10.0 lakh per annum. Commerce students embracing the path of an Entrepreneur discover a fulfilling avenue where their innovative thinking and business acumen take precedence over mathematical intricacies or scientific formulas. So, if you’re a commerce student seeking highest salary jobs for commerce students without Maths that promise fulfilling careers, the Entrepreneurial role offers a liberating escape from conventional expectations, proving that success can thrive without rigid adherence to mathematical or scientific frameworks. Embrace the journey, break free from the hardshell, and step into a world where commerce and entrepreneurial innovation converge for a dynamic, fulfilling, and well-compensated career. Final Thoughts The commerce without maths scope is ample for deserving candidates. The discussed jobs not only come with good earning opportunities but also help candidates boost the efficiency of the organization they are working with. The combination of decent academic performance, relevant skills, and experience can significantly increase the chances of obtaining a well-paying job in commerce without maths. We hope you like this article on the highest paid jobs in commerce without maths. Please let us know what you thought of this article. We’d love to hear from you. We hope we made choosing your career easier through this article. Money is a great reason to select a field, but you should also keep your interests in mind during the selection.
Read More

by Sriram

18 Feb 2024

16 Top Career Options After Computer Engineering [Trending in 2024]
Blogs
282089
Summary: In this Article, you will learn about 15 top career options after diploma in computer engineering: Big Data Engineer Machine Learning Engineer Data Scientist Data Analyst Blockchain Developer/Engineer Software Developer Computer Network Architect Computer Systems Analyst Database Administrator Information Security Analyst Full Stack Developer Information Systems Manager  Network Engineer  Video Game Developer  AI Engineer  Cybersecurity Specialist Read more to know each in detail. Computer Engineering has always been one of the top in-demand career choices for young aspirants. This is primarily because the field branches out into numerous specializations, thereby creating a host of career paths for Computer Engineers. However, the sheer number of career choices available in Computer Engineering can often become overwhelming for many. confusing numerous people in their job search for computer engineering jobs after completing their courses. Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition. In fact, students who are still figuring out what they want in their professional aspect of life are always faced with one confusing question: “What to do after diploma in computer engineering?“ Our answer – there is no one answer to this question! And that’s the beauty of Computer Engineering. There is no single career options but several after computer engineering.  There are different types of computer engineering jobs one can opt for. Once you earn your Bachelor’s degree in Computer Engineering, you will have a slew of options before you. You can also consider doing our Java Bootcamp course from upGrad if you are interested in java. You can choose your desired computer engineering job based on the different types of computer engineering fields available.  Some of the major types of computer engineering and their related jobs are listed below. Software engineering- The job of a software engineer requires you to develop  software along with maintaining and upgrading them. The pay structure for a software engineer is also quite good. An experienced software engineer’s average salary is about INR 5.5 LPA, which can rise upto INR 14.2 LPA. However, if you plan to move abroad, the average salary of a software engineer in the USA is around $128K per annum.  Hardware engineering- After completing your computer hardware engineering degree you can become a computer hardware engineer with the primary responsibility to design and build new computers and hardware technologies. Specialisation is also offered as you study further in this course. Electrical engineering- Once you complete your electrical engineering degree you can opt for the most obvious career path which is becoming an electrical engineer. You can also venture into the fields of telecommunication, electrical design engineering, instrumentation engineering, and micro-electrical engineering. There is also a handful of jobs in both government and private sectors to try.  Network engineering- Career prospects with a network engineering degree include becoming a network manager, network analyst, network technician, network solution architect or network specialist. An average salary of a network engineer in India is around INR 3.4 LPA. However, salary umber entirely depends on the candidate’s work experience You can either choose to pursue higher studies or enter the corporate world. In this post, we’ll walk you through the entire process of building your career, and hopefully, this will answer the question “what to do after Computer Engineering.“ Learners receive an average Salary hike of 58% with the highest being up to 400%. First, we’ll start with the higher educational opportunities in Computer Engineering. M.Tech/M.S. in Computer Engineering – This is one of the best options for aspirants who want to pursue higher studies in the field. Usually, M.Tech is a 2-year long course, M.S. is a 3-year long course. After completing M.Tech/M.Sc in Computer Engineering, you can either apply for jobs or enter the research field (Ph.D.). Featured Program for you: fullstack development bootcamp course  Ph.D. – After M.Tech, you can directly enrol in a Ph.D. program. This is an excellent choice for students who are interested in research in the field. Usually, Ph.D. programs are a 5-year integrated course involving two years of course and a minimum of three years of research work.  Dual degree (M.Tech + Ph.D.) – This is actually quite similar to Ph.D. The only difference is that a dual degree gives you both M.Tech and Ph.D. degrees. Postgraduate Program in Machine Learning/Data Science/Business Analytics – Data Science and its related technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Deep Learning are some of the hottest trending fields in the industry right now. Also, Business Analytics is an emerging domain that is growing parallelly to Big Data and Data Science. A postgraduate degree, either in Data Science/Business Analytics, is best suited for those who wish to enter the Data Science and Big Data domains. MBA – An MBA course is best suited for aspirants who are inclined towards business management. You can pursue an MBA degree either from India or from foreign universities. Computer Science Engineering- People with more inclination towards computer software and algorithm development, rather than building computer hardware, can opt for computer science engineering. There are also ample computer science engineering jobs, however, the number might be lower than computer engineering jobs. Currently, there are more than 82876 computer science engineering jobs available across India, ready to pay a handsome salary to efficient engineering experts. Colleges such as IIT Bombay, MIT Manipal, COEP Pune and VIT Vellore are some of the top colleges in India from where you can pursue your computer science engineering degree. Apart from them, there are numerous colleges inside and outside India to choose from. Later on, you can also do a master’s in computer science engineering online, from upGrad, offering you the liberty to learn while you work.  Pursuing higher education after completing Computer Engineering will further solidify your career prospects. Most companies and organizations allot a higher salary scale for candidates who have advanced degrees in their field. Plus, there always remains an option for entering academia or research field.  Now that you are aware of the higher education opportunities, we’ll talk about the different career options after Computer Engineering. Explore our Popular Software Engineering Courses Master of Science in Computer Science from LJMU & IIITB Caltech CTME Cybersecurity Certificate Program Full Stack Development Bootcamp PG Program in Blockchain Executive PG Program in Full Stack Development View All our Courses Below Software Engineering Courses Top Career Options after Computer Engineering A degree in Computer Engineering opens up endless career possibilities before you. Some of the top career options after diploma in computer engineering include: 1. Big Data Engineer Big Data Engineers are responsible for building, testing, and maintaining scalable Big Data ecosystems for the businesses so that the Data Scientists can run their algorithms on stable and optimized data systems. Big Data Engineers usually work closely with Data Architects, Data Analysts, and Data Scientists, all focused on one goal – to help organizations obtain meaningful insights from large and complex datasets that can be transformed into actionable business decisions. Big data is one of the best career options after computer engineering. Big data engineers can earn a starting salary of INR 3.6 LPA, going up to INR 20.5 LPA as they gain experience over the years. The average salary for these engineers stands at INR 10.4 LPA. As the name suggests, Big Data Engineers work primarily with Big Data ecosystems, tools, and technologies. They are required to upgrade, troubleshoot, and optimize Big Data systems and software to improve the efficiency of the databases. Usually, Big Data Engineers need a few years of industry experience in working with Big Data frameworks like Hadoop, SQL-based databases, and also with popular data APIs and ETL tools. Click more if you want to learn more about how to become a big data engineer. 2. Machine Learning Engineer  Machine Learning Engineers are sophisticated ML experts who specialize in designing and building intelligent machines and systems that can learn from experience and perform human-like tasks with minimal or no human supervision. They create advanced ML algorithms that can teach computers how to perform specific tasks without being explicitly programmed for the same. Also, Machine Learning Engineers develop state-of-the-art ML and Deep Learning systems and run various ML tests and experiments to innovate unique AI-powered machines.  Machine Learning Engineers are one of the most sought after professionals today. However, the job profile demands a high-level of expertise in Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer Science. You can see the demand for machine learning engineers by verifying the type of salary machine learning engineers receive. Machine Learning Engineers must be well-versed with the fundamentals of Computer Science, including data structures, algorithms, and computer architecture. Needless to say, they must be expert programmers who are proficient in multiple languages like Python, R, Java, C, Ruby, Perl, Scala, etc.  Machine learning engineers can expect to earn a salary between INR 3 LPA and INR 21.5 LPA based on their level of education, experience, the company they work for, and geographical region. The average salary of machine learning engineers in India is around INR 9.5 LPA. If you’re interested to learn more about machine learning, check out IIIT-B & upGrad’s PG Diploma in Machine Learning & AI which is designed for working professionals and offers 450+ hours of rigorous training, 30+ case studies & assignments, IIIT-B Alumni status, 5+ practical hands-on capstone projects & job assistance with top firms. You can also check IIT Delhi’s Machine Learning Program in association with upGrad. IIT Delhi is one of the most prestigious institutions in India. With more the 500+ In-house faculty members which are the best in the subject matters. 3. Data Scientist Data Scientists are the masters of the Data Science domain. They are mainly concerned with creating value from complex data. Data Scientists gather data not only from the company repository but also from multiple external sources (social media, websites, blogs, etc.). They clean, organize and process this data to further analyze it for extracting the hidden patterns within it. This helps them understand how the data at hand can solve the present business challenges an organization.  Data Scientists work in close collaboration with Data Analysts, and together, they dig deep into the data to uncover meaningful insights that can be used to find solutions for real-world business issues. Often, Data Scientists play the leading role (like that of a Project Manager) in projects that deal with large volumes of complex business data. Data Scientists usually have extensive knowledge of Data Science, Computer Science, Engineering, Mathematics, and Statistics.  One of the best job opportunities in computer engineering, data science offers lucrative pay packages. Fresh graduates with no prior experience can bag a starting salary of INR 3.9 LPA, which can reach INR 28 LPA with relevant experience. Data scientists in India earn an average salary of INR 14.6 LPA, which is considerably high when compared to the average annual income other jobs after BE computer engineering offer.    If you are curious to learn about data science, check out IIIT-B & upGrad’s PG Diploma in Data Science which is created for working professionals and offers 10+ case studies & projects, practical hands-on workshops, mentorship with industry experts, 1-on-1 with industry mentors, 400+ hours of learning and job assistance with top firms. 4. Data Analyst  Data Analysts are the link between the two worlds – Data Science and business. While they spend a considerable amount of time in collecting relevant data from disparate sources, Data Analysts must also be able to present their findings in ways that can be understood by all the stakeholders involved in a project. Data Analysts use their technical expertise to perform data munging, processing, and visualization tasks. Another crucial aspect of their daily job is to optimize the data and ensure its quality and accuracy. They not only create algorithms but also modify them to extract information from large databases without corrupting the data stored within. Data Analysts must both understand the data before them and also provide clear insights to the non-technical stakeholders through lucid visual, written, and verbal communication. Attention to detail, excellent communication skills, and data visualization skills are the three most coveted qualities of a Data Analyst.  Read more if you are wondering about the differences between data analyst, data scientist and engineer. The data explosion resulting from rapid digitization has inadvertently led to a massive dearth of data analysts. There is a widening gap between the demand and supply of skilled professionals proficient in gathering and filtering data and extracting meaningful insights from the processed data. Hence, if you are still wondering what to do after engineering in computer science, signing up for a data analyst course might be an excellent career choice.  Data analysts earn an average salary of INR 6.5 LPA in India, with the starting salary being INR 1.8 LPA. The salary can be as high as INR 13 LPA for individuals with more than 8 years of experience. 5. Blockchain Developer/Engineer As the name suggests, Blockchain Developer/Engineers are software experts who specialize in Blockchain technology. Blockchain Developer/Engineers handle and oversee the complete life cycles of Blockchain applications, right from research and analysis to their design and execution. They use a combination of various Blockchain programming languages (Simplicity, Solidity, Rholang, JavaScript, C++, etc.) to create advanced interfaces, features, and architecture for Blockchain systems. Apart from setting up the necessary infrastructure for Blockchain applications and solutions, Blockchain Developer/Engineers also set up essential security measures to protect the systems from cyber attacks and also to establish standard work practices. Blockchain Developer/Engineers must possess an in-depth understanding of the Blockchain architecture, Data Structures, cryptography, smart contract development, and web development. Although still in its nascent stage, the blockchain market is predicted to reach USD 1235.71 billion by 2030, exhibiting a whopping CAGR of 82.8%! This indicates the huge potential the field has in the coming years. This contributes to its position as one of the most sought-after jobs after computer science engineering. Moreover, as cryptocurrencies gradually gain acceptance worldwide, the demand for blockchain developers and engineers will only rise. Currently, blockchain developers earn an average of INR 7.5 LPA in India. 6. Software Developer The role of a Software Developer is perfect for those who love coding and programming. Software Developers are always in high demand in the IT/ITES sector. They specialize in multiple programming languages like C, C++, C#, Java, Python, Ruby, Perl, Scala, and more. Software Developers create innovative software programs and applications with unique use cases and functionalities that cater to specific customer needs. Software development is one of the preferred career options after computer engineering. Software Developers must possess both technical creativity and analytical thinking skills needed to solve various software related issues. They must create a reliable support system for software products to facilitate smooth workflows. Candidates aspiring for this specialization must be proficient in more than one programming language and also possess effective communication and problem-solving skills. Software development stands as the most preferred career path after completing a computer engineering course. This is reflected in the employment outlook published by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, which predicts software development will grow 25% faster in 2022-32 than other occupations.  The average annual salary of a software developer in India is around INR 8.6 LPA, with the highest salary for professionals with over 6 years of experience being INR 15 LPA. 7. Computer Network Architect Computer Network Architects are professionals who design, develop, implement, and maintain networking and data communication systems. This includes local area networks, wide area networks, extranets, and intranets. Also, they handle the job of upgrading both software (for example, network drivers) and hardware (like adapters and routers). Generally, Computer Network Architects work with the company’s CTO (Chief Technology Officer) to predict where new networks are needed the most in the organization.  Computer Network Architects must have a sound understanding of an organization’s business plan to be able to design and implement the appropriate network in the right places. They also need to plan the implementation of security patches and other countermeasures to protect the systems against vulnerabilities. Furthermore, Computer Network Architects also need to research new networking technologies to analyze current data traffic better and estimate how growth in traffic might affect the network. These professionals play a crucial role in today’s digital landscape, as all industries, irrespective of their area of operation, predominantly depend on computers for daily operations. In addition to the earlier responsibilities, a computer network architect must also develop, write, and deliver technical documentation detailing the company’s existing or planned network. The indispensable nature of their work not only contributes to their high demand but also to the lucrative packages they earn. Earning a starting salary of INR 10 LPA, network architects are known to earn as high as INR 40 LPA, with the average income ranging around INR 22.4 LPA. If you are still indecisive about your future and grappling with ‘after BTech CSE which course is better’, you can search for programs that equip you with the necessary skills to become a network architect. Besides the handsome salaries, the role offers exciting growth opportunities and is guaranteed to be in vogue as technology progresses, securing its position as a stable occupation. 8. Computer Systems Analyst Computer Systems Analysts is one of the popular career options after computer engineering which focus on studying an organization’s existing computer systems, design information systems, and business workflows to help devise more innovative, efficient, and productive solutions. Since Computer Systems Analysts possess in-depth knowledge of both business and I.T. domains, they help bridge the gap between the business world and information technology (I.T.).  They employ many techniques to design effective computer systems and also conduct extensive tests for analyzing the hidden trends in the data to increase the efficiency and performance of computer systems. While companies often hire Computer Systems Analysts as general-purpose analysts who develop new systems or fine-tune existing ones, they may also recruit some specialized analysts such as Systems Architects, Software Quality Assurance (Q.A.) Analysts and Programmer Analysts. The top industries recruiting system analysts in India include fintech, IT services and consulting, financial services, and banking. As their responsibilities necessitate them to dabble in both IT and business, system analysts find themselves in demand across industries, whether it is healthcare, banking, or Silicon Valley. Based on the industry, company, and other factors, the salary structure of system analysts may vary, starting from INR 3 LPA and hitting INR 18 LPA. Most system analysts in India can earn around INR 10.1 LPA. If you are aiming for this job role, enroll in suitable MTech courses after BTech CSE to gain a competitive edge and land a job in a reputed company. 9. Database Administrator The job role of Database Administrators is a pivotal one in the industry since these professionals are primarily focused on the everyday functioning of the company database. They maintain the database, monitor and track the database software purchases, manage database access, implement security measures, and supervise the modifications incorporated in existing software products. Database Administrators are also responsible for quality control and the performance of company databases to protect and uphold the integrity and privacy of confidential data. Database Administrators must possess excellent organizational and analytical skills. They need to have a sound understanding of the business requirements of I.T. and a willingness to stay updated with the latest technological developments. Database Administrators are recruited by I.T. firms, management consultancy firms, financial organizations, universities, and even by government agencies that deal with large volumes of data. A database administrator working in India can earn up to INR 23.6 LPA, with an average income of around INR 10.6 LPA. TCS, Infosys, Wipro, IBM, Capgemini, and Wells Fargo are among the top recruiters. However, these companies tend to hire candidates with some prior experience. Hence, joining small-scale companies or working as interns is advisable to hone your skills and add some experience to your resume before applying to these companies. 10. Information Security Analyst Information Security Analysts are professionals who exclusively focus on the protection of an organization’s sensitive and mission-critical data. They must always stay one step ahead of cybercriminals and protect the network and systems from being violated by hackers and attackers. To do so, they must continually read up on new trends in cybersecurity and design innovative solutions to protect the security of data and systems of a company. Information Security Analysts focus on three core areas – risk assessment, vulnerability assessment, and defence planning. Hence, this job role demands competent investigative and problem-solving skills required for safeguarding all sensitive information of a company. Also visit upGrad’s Degree Counselling page for all undergraduate and postgraduate programs. This role requires extensive knowledge of penetration testing, security analysis, ISO 27001, SIEM, SOC, auditing, and monitoring. The rapid evolution of technology has brought in as many vulnerabilities as advantages. With all information available online readily, it is more susceptible to cyber threats than ever before. Cyber attackers maliciously steal, block, expose, manipulate, or leverage sensitive information, putting the organization and its image at risk. Hence, information security analysts play a critical role in keeping organizations safe in present times. An information security analyst earns INR 6.6 LPA on average, with the highest salary being INR 12.5 LPA. 11. Full Stack Developer Full Stack Developers are primarily involved with programming and coding. They design and create the blueprint for websites by adhering to standard HTML/CSS practices and according to client specifications and demands. They must also maintain appropriate software documentation. Since this role focuses on user experience as well as functionality, Full Stack Developers must be proficient in both graphic design and computer programming. Thanks to the cut-throat competition between companies in the digital and e-commerce domains, they continue to be in high demand. Full Stack developers must have the technical know-how of client-side components, server-side languages, web application frameworks, and database management systems. Learn more about the full stack developer salary in India. If you have a knack for developing and designing websites, you have your answer to ‘What can I do after diploma in computer engineering?’ Enroll in a full-stack development course online and gain all front-end and back-end programming skills. These online programs are generally spread over a few months and offer great learning flexibility. They also train participants in cybersecurity, user interface, and user experience practices, making them job-ready. Full stack developers usually earn INR 9.4 LPA on average, while those with 7 to 8 years of experience can expect a salary of INR 16.1 LPA. 12. Information Systems Manager Information Systems Managers are business executives who manage and implement an organization’s computer and information technology (I.T.) systems. They liaise between a company’s top management and I.T. specialists. They are responsible for the secure and effective operation of all computer systems, software applications, and other hardware/software components that a company uses. Information Systems Managers supervise and manage the work of other I.T. professionals, including Computer Engineers, Systems Analysts, Data Security Specialists, Tech Support Specialists, and so on. On top of that, in the dynamic landscape of technology, Information Systems Managers often intersect with the realm of artificial intelligence. This convergence paves the way for specialization as an AI Engineer within the managerial role.  With a focus on AI-driven initiatives, you lead the development and implementation of intelligent systems, machine learning algorithms, and data analytics solutions that empower the organization to harness actionable insights and automate processes. Since the role primarily focuses on managing, leading, and supervising teams, the position of information systems manager requires a minimum of 7-8 years of experience in software development, quality analysis, cost estimation, and other related fields. The salary package offered to these professionals is thus higher than the average. Professionals in this position can expect an average income of INR 17 LPA, which can go as high as INR 38 LPA based on experience. 13. Network Engineer Network engineers play a pivotal role behind the scenes of our interconnected world. As a network engineer, your responsibilities encompass designing and optimizing intricate communication infrastructures.  Leveraging your solid foundation in computer engineering, you collaborate with cross-functional teams to architect network solutions that facilitate seamless data exchange, resource sharing, and real-time connectivity. This involves configuring routers, switches, firewalls, and load balancers to ensure efficient data flow, minimal latency, and optimal network performance. Problem-solving lies at the heart of this profession. Drawing upon your technical expertise, you analyze and troubleshoot network issues, ensuring uninterrupted connectivity and swift resolution of challenges. Your adeptness in diagnosing and rectifying network glitches is crucial for maintaining seamless operations, making your role indispensable in today’s digitally-driven landscape. Moreover, network engineers are at the forefront of innovation as new technologies like 5G, edge computing, and the Internet of Things (IoT) continue to reshape the networking landscape. Your adaptability and commitment to staying abreast of industry trends enable you to integrate these advancements into network architecture, creating solutions that cater to evolving user demands. 14. Video Game Developer After a diploma in computer engineering, another compelling career path is video game development. This multifaceted role merges creativity with technical prowess, offering an exciting avenue to shape immersive digital experiences. Video game developers are instrumental in crafting interactive entertainment that captivates audiences worldwide. As a video game developer, your responsibilities span various game creation facets. You engage in the conceptualization and design phase, where innovative game ideas come to life through storylines, characters, and gameplay mechanics. Collaborating closely with artists, designers, and programmers, you contribute to games’ visual and interactive aspects, ensuring seamless graphics, animations, and user interface integration. The heart of game development lies in programming. A computer engineering background equips you with the coding expertise to build the intricate systems underpinning games. Whether it’s developing game engines, physics simulations, artificial intelligence routines, or networking functionalities, your technical skills are crucial for optimizing performance and delivering a smooth gaming experience across platforms. If you choose this exciting profession, you will work in any of the four roles — first-party, second-party, third-party, or indie developer. The role you work in will depend on your career position, your area, or your element of interest and the amount of creative control you wish to exercise over the final product. You can earn INR 5.8 LPA on average if you are working in India as a game developer. 15. AI Engineer This burgeoning career choice after diploma in computer engineering seamlessly blends their technical expertise with the demand for advanced artificial intelligence solutions. AI engineers are pivotal in designing, developing, and implementing AI systems that drive industry automation, decision-making, and innovation. As an AI engineer, your responsibilities encompass the creation of intelligent algorithms and systems. Leveraging your strong computer engineering foundation, you collaborate with multidisciplinary teams to conceptualize, design, and implement AI-driven solutions. This involves developing machine learning models, neural networks, and natural language processing algorithms that enable machines to learn from data and make intelligent decisions. Effective collaboration and communication are essential in this field. AI engineers often collaborate with data scientists, software developers, and domain experts to understand and translate business needs into AI solutions. Proficiency in explaining technical concepts to non-technical stakeholders is vital for successful project implementation. This career path capitalizes on your computer engineering skills and offers avenues for continuous learning and specialization in the ever-evolving landscape of artificial intelligence. AI engineers with more than 6 to 8 years of experience can expect to earn INR 22 LPA while average income lies somewhere around INR 11.7 LPA. The career prospects of Information Systems Managers are highly promising since most companies hire them to improve workplace productivity and business operations. Besides strong organizational and managerial skills, Information Systems Managers must possess soft skills like leadership, communication, project management, time management, and customer service. These were the top 12 jobs for computer engineers. A few other jobs for computer engineers include Desktop Support Engineer, Embedded Software Engineer, JRF, and Professor. 16. Cybersecurity Specialist Cybersecurity is a critical field as organizations around the world are increasingly concerned about protecting their digital assets and sensitive information from cyber threats. Cybersecurity specialists require additional certifications like masters after computer engineering, CompTIA Security+, Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), and Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP). Cybersecurity specialists, responsible for safeguarding computer systems and data, perform various tasks, including risk assessment, security architecture design, incident response, vulnerability management, security monitoring, firewall and endpoint protection, identity and access management, encryption, security awareness training, penetration testing, security policy development, threat intelligence monitoring, forensic analysis, and security auditing. They must work in close collaboration with IT teams, management, and other stakeholders to incorporate security measures into the overall business strategy. Cyber security specialists must keep themselves abreast of the latest trends, emerging threats, and new technologies to keep pace with the dynamic world of cyber threats. In addition, they must be committed to continuous learning and attend forums, webinars, and networking events to stay informed and remain relevant in the industry.   Wrapping Up So, these are the top 12 career options after a diploma in computer engineering that you can consider! These career paths have a high industry demand and come with decent to very high yearly compensation.  If you would like to know more about which career option you should take after computer engineering based on your interests, talk to our career counselors to know more about the current industry trends, the future scope of various fields, and more.
Read More

by Sriram

18 Feb 2024

Salary of B.Com Graduates: Based on Specializations & Job Roles [2023]
Blogs
903235
Wondering how much is the salary of BCom graduates? Then you’ve come to the right place. Commerce is one of the most popular streams among Indian students. That’s primarily because it offers various career prospects with versatile options.  This article will discuss all there is to know about BCom salary for freshers according to different specializations. Moreover, this article will discuss the best paying careers for BCom graduates. Let’s get started. What is a B.Com Course? The University Grants Commission accepts the B. Com or Bachelor of Commerce curriculum, a three-year undergraduate degree programme (UGC). One may enroll in distance education or an online B.Com course in addition to the full-time delivery option. Among students in the commerce stream of Class 12, it is one of the most sought-after degrees. After b.com jobs and salary options are many, making it the third-most sought-after undergrad degree in India. Industries that have B.Com. jobs Here is a myriad of B.com jobs that provide excellent salaries per month, in both private and government sectors, which you can look out for: Industries that offer jobs after B.Com.: Accounting and Auditing Commercial Banking Media International Banking Insurance Service Tax Advisory Service Information Technology Telecommunication Services and BPOs Manufacturing Service Financial Service Educational Institute Government Service Automobiles Services Policy Planning Job titles for B.Com. graduates After b.com jobs and salary among these titles offer a reliable career opportunity for you:         Investment Banker         Marketing Manager         Chartered Accountant (CA)         Human Resource Manager         Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)         Business Accountant and Taxation         Retail Manager         Certified Public Accountant (CPA)         Cost Accountant         Company Secretary         Entrepreneur         Actuary         Chief Executive Officer (CEO)         Research Analyst         Personal Financial Advisor   Learners receive an average Salary hike of 58% with the highest being up to 400%. Importance of B.Com Education in India Pursuing B.Com in India opens the door to a lot of opportunities as B.Com graduates can prove to be useful in various industries. This course equips the students with knowledge in accounting, finance, economics, and business management. Armed with this knowledge, the students can explore careers in finance, taxation, banking and other fields related to commerce. B.com graduates are also armed with analytical and problem-solving skills. They are arguably an important asset for any company. As we all know, since the Indian economy is currently in its booming phase, the B.Com graduates can prove their mettle in understanding and supporting the financial prospects of any business. Their versatility and deep knowledge of financial dynamics collaborate to the nation’s economic growth and development. Salary of BCom Graduates: Based on Specialization Streams You might be surprised to discover how different your pay can be according to your chosen specialization. In this section, we’ll look at the average salaries of different BCom specializations: BCom in Accounting and Finance The average BCom salary with a specialization in Accounting and FInance is INR 4.9 Lakh per year. Wages for such professionals start from INR 1.7 Lakh per year. However, with experience and expertise, the pay can go up to INR 20 Lakh per year. With this specialization, you can pursue accountancy roles in companies. Prominent employers for this role include Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Accenture, etc.  (Source) BCom in Law BCom with a law degree is becoming increasingly popular among students. It allows you to combine the knowledge of two separate domains and pursue unique roles in organizations. With a BCom and Law degree, you can get an average salary of INR 4.39 Lakh per annum. That’s not all; beginners in this field get around INR 1.92 Lakh per year. On the other hand, senior-level professionals of this field with much experience and expertise are earning around INR 30 Lakh per annum. This means with necessary effort and persistence, and you can bag a high-paying role easily with this specialization.  (Source) B.Com in Statistics (IT) B.Com. in Statistics is a practical 6-semester program that blends theory with hands-on experience, offering subjects like Actuarial Science, Data Analysis, and more. Covering areas such as analysis, probability theory, and statistical methods, it holds significance in the financial sector. With the versatility to work in various industries, B.Com. (Statistics) graduates can take exams for prestigious roles such as Indian Statistical Services, Indian Economic Services, and Indian Civil Services. Individuals can pave a career in jobs such as Data Scientist or Statistician after B.Com, and salary per month for individuals varies depending on the location and experience. For example, the average base salary for a Data Scientist is 10.4 Lakhs Per Annum and the average base salary for a Statistician is 5.5 Lakhs Per Annum. BCom in Corporate Law Another novel and popular specialization among BCom students is corporate law. Corporate law is a branch of law that focuses on companies and laws & regulations pertaining to the same. The average BCom salary with corporate law specialization is INR 5.4 Lakh per annum. This degree enables you to pursue multiple roles in the legal and finance sectors, including Project manager, Finance Manager, Director Risk Management, etc. With enough experience and expertise, your salary can go up to INR 30 Lakh per annum in this sector.  (Source) BCom in Marketing Management Professionals with a BCom degree with a Marketing & Management specialization earn an average salary of INR 3.57 Lakh per annum. You can pursue many high-paying roles with this degree, such as Management Consultant, Business Development Manager, General Service Manager, and many others. Marketing is quite a crucial field for any business. That’s why the demand for professionals specializing in Marketing & Management is continually increasing.  You can find job opportunities in Marketing Companies, Financial Services, Advertising Agencies, and many other sectors with this specialization. The upper limit for professionals with a BCom degree in Marketing & Management is INR 20 Lakh per annum.  (Source) BCom in Economics Economics is a popular choice among BCom students as a specialization. As Economics covers many financial topics, it fits perfectly well with BCom’s curriculum. Salary of BCom graduates specializing in Economics earns an average salary of INR 6.3 Lakh per annum. For freshers, this number is around INR 1.8 lakh per year and can go up to INR 20 Lakh per annum for experienced professionals. Prominent employers for these professionals are IBM India, Ernst & Young (EY), Accenture, HCL Technologies, etc.  (Source) BCom in General Business If you want to learn the ropes of business and its management, then you’d benefit from specializing in General Business. Candidates with BCom in General Business degree earn an average salary of INR 5 Lakh per annum. Popular roles for this qualification are Associate Auditor, Marketing Consultant, Business Development Associate, Research Analyst, and Assistant Account Manager. This degree allows you to pursue various roles in business, management, and finance.  (Source) Must Read: Career Options after B.Com Advantages of Pursuing B.Com Degree Pursuing a B.Com degree in India offers numerous advantages to the students. This program is a popular choice among commerce graduates for the reasons listed below: This program arms the students with an in-depth knowledge of accounting, finance, economics, and business management. This paves way for varied career paths in diverse industries and sectors. B.Com graduates are equipped with analytical and problem-solving skills which makes them reliable assets for finance, banking, taxation and other commerce-related roles. This program offers opportunities to receive real-world experiences through internships which further increases the chances of employment. The expanding economy of India provides job opportunities in different industries and sectors which further ensures more opportunities for their career growth. B.Com program also serves as a foundational course for other professional courses like MBA, CA, and M.Com. These professional courses along with the foundational course of B.Com serve as a power package to score influential designations and higher pay packages in various multinational companies. Owing to broad work profiles and a variety of career paths, jobs after Bcom and salary are wide and plenty. Employees receive competitive compensation packages, with salary ranges different depending on the position. Candidates with just a few years of professional experience may be able to receive lucrative salaries. The pay is based on the kind of business and the position that the student chooses to pursue as a career. The average B.Com salary in India ranges from 2.7 Lakh Per Annum for a Customer Service Associate to a staggering 36.7 Lakh Per Annum for a CFO Highest Paying Jobs for BCom Candidates You should know which jobs pay the best salaries so you can learn the required skills to pursue them. Knowing about these roles will help you make better-informed career choices. Let’s talk about the roles which offer the best BCom salary in India: Chartered Accountant Chartered Accountancy is one of the most popular career choices among BCom students. To become a Chartered Accountant in India, you must complete a series of exams followed by an internship. Once you complete B.com jobs salary per month will increase manifold. The organizer of this field’s exams is the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India or ICAI. The CA exam is one of the toughest exams to crack; however, the rewards are worth the effort in this case. The average salary of a Chartered Accountant in India is INR 7.87 Lakh per year. Freshers earn around INR 4.1 Lakh per year in this field. However, CAs with more than ten years of experience earn around INR 17.7 Lakh per year. More experience in this field enhances your pay substantially. Your location plays a huge role in determining your pay in this field. For example, CAs in Bangalore earn around 17% more than the national average.  (Source) Certified Public Accountant Certified Public Accountant (CPA in short) is quite similar to Chartered Accountancy. However, its organizer is the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA in short). That’s why CPA has a global demand. You must have a bachelor’s degree in Finance / Accounting / Business Administration with a total of 150 hours of education. AICPA holds a four-part exam that you must pass to become a CPA. CPAs help companies handle auditing, taxation, reporting, and related accounting processes. They provide their clients with understanding their financial health and offer advice to them about improving the same. CPAs have a huge demand as they can get highly lucrative roles in any company’s financial sector.  The average CPA (Certified Public Accountant) salary in India is INR 7 Lakh per year. Freshers with less than one year’s experience earn around INR 6.14 Lakh per year. On the other hand, a Certified Public Accountant with more than ten years of experience earns around INR 15 Lakh per year. Your location can affect your salary substantially as CPAs in Pune earn around 25% more than the industry average.  (Source) Also Read: Highest Paying Jobs in Commerce Field Actuary Actuaries help insurance companies in determining whether they should issue an insurance policy or not. They help insurance companies determine the suitable premium for a policy. Actuaries rely on heavy statistical analysis and utilize a lot of data to examine the trends and related costs. They help insurance companies maintain good financial health by striking a balance between risk exposure and issuing policies. You should be proficient in data science and statistical analysis to become a skilled actuary.  Apart from insurance companies, many financial service companies require actuaries to help them assess investment risks. It is one of the most lucrative sectors for BCom graduates. With a background in Economics, Mathematics, and Business Administration, you can easily enter this field and earn a handsome salary.  The average Actuary salary in India is INR 9.64 Lakh per year. Freshers earn around INR 3.55 Lakh per year, whereas seasoned and experienced professionals in this sector earn around INR 40 Lakh per year. Like all the careers we have discussed in this article, your pay as an actuary depends on several factors, such as your experience, location, expertise, and employer.  (Source) Cost Accountant Cost Accountants are among the highest-earning professionals in the commerce field. Their primary aims are analyzing profitability and preparing budgets for their client. They are financial experts who help companies create budgets, manage expenses, and evaluate their financial performance. Generally, manufacturing firms require the expertise of cost accountants the most.  Cost accountants figure out the real costs for manufacturing a product and its delivery to the end-user. They scrutinize all the related expenses and find which processes, products, and sections (of the business) generate the least profits. Cost accountants work in teams and build financial plans for their company. They report to the stakeholders and tax authorities. The average salary for a cost accountant in India is INR 5.66 Lakh per year. The starting salary in this field is INR 2 Lakh per year. On the other hand, as you’ll gain experience, you can earn up to INR 10 Lakh per year.  (Source) Research Analyst Research analysts are in charge of gathering, analyzing, interpreting, and presenting data relevant to their field of work, which may include operations, economics, accounting, or market research. This position requires logical, quantitative, critical thinking, analytical, and problem-solving skills. Their duty includes doing quantitative and qualitative research as needed by the company, as well as performing statistical analysis as needed. Research analyst can be a great profession to pursue after B.com, salary per month in India is ₹31,568 or 4.4 Lakh Per Annum for freshers. Investment Banker Investment bankers are investment specialists who blend financial services sector knowledge, analytical ability, and efficient persuading skills in order to assist institutional clients with capital raising and mergers & acquisitions. Investment bankers provide corporate finance solutions for a wide range of clients, including startups, existing corporations, and, in some situations, governments. They are essential to a company’s, organization’s, or other corporate entity’s financial development, whether they work for investment banks or the division of investment banking within a company. A position as an entry-level investment banker or as high-level as executive vice president might be included in the wide phrase “investment banker.” Investment banking has plentiful jobs after B Com and salary per month in India is ₹72,379 or 8.6 Lakh Per Annum. Financial Risk Manager A B.Com degree opens up the alluring prospect of becoming a Financial Risk Manager (FRM), a globally recognized profession. FRMs are essential to a company’s operations because they undertake in-depth studies of business risks, identify possible threats to the company’s assets, and offer strategic solutions to reduce those risks. Moreover, they play a crucial role in formulating tactics to effectively manage market oscillations, making a substantial contribution to the fiscal stability of establishments. A financial risk manager is amongst the most lucrative after B.Com jobs and salary of a senior risk manager on average in India is 18.7 Lakh Per Annum. What other courses can you choose after B.Com.? Following your B.Com, you can choose from a variety of courses that will help you advance your knowledge and boost your B.com jobs salary per month. Once you complete B.com, you will find various excellent jobs after b.com and salary per month. The question, of course, is which is the most valuable one. The knowledge you get in your early years significantly increases your chances of landing better-paying jobs in the future because these courses after a B. Com are investments in your future. As a result, you must carefully analyze the courses that are offered after receiving a B.Com. You should take into account the following criteria while making a decision to find the best jobs after b.com and salary: Advantages and Disadvantages Preferences and Pursuits Eligibility criteria Financial assistance Courses you can do after B.Com:  An M.Com degree could be quite helpful for you if you want to work in the academic aspect of the business industry. The topics covered in your B.Com. are included in the course material. As a result, you will comprehend the material that was taught to you well. Let’s talk about getting an M.Com. if you’re considering it. With a good wage, you can explore a variety of employment opportunities after earning your M.Com. While satisfactory jobs after b.com and salary are available for candidates, M.com can offer an edge to your resume over other candidates. Master of Business Administration (MBA) The greatest option after b.com for getting a job and an excellent salary is to pursue an MBA if you want to work in the business sector. If you’re still debating what to do after earning your B.Com., enrolling in an MBA programme at a respected university will help you succeed. You must take the CAT or some alternative MBA test that the college of your choice accepts in order to be admitted to the best college. Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) A postgraduate teaching degree called a bachelor’s in education can pave the way for a successful academic career. You are eligible for this course if you graduated from an Indian institution with a GPA of between 50 and 55 percent. Other than MBA, this program is regarded as one of the best options after a B.Com. Company Secretary (CS) Students interested in the organization’s stock and investment management can enroll in CS courses. One of the most prominent and advanced degree programs is it. Most people choose it to complement or follow a B.Com. It takes a lot of dedication and effort to pass the exam because computer science is a complicated task to grasp. A corporate secretary acts as a crucial point of contact for the company and its stockholders. The corporate secretary oversees the company’s stock trading. Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) The academic program for Certified Financial Analysts (CFA) is intended for anyone with an interest in investments and the financial system. You must pass the CFA exam if you want to work in this field. Students enrolled in the CFA program will research fundamental accounting principles, business procedures, economic principles, and environmental factors. Those who are contemplating choosing the best career path after earning a B.Com. can choose CFA for excellent jobs after b.com and salary per month. Digital Marketing Digital marketing has changed the game in the modern world, particularly on platforms like digital media and e-commerce. Entering the world of digital marketing after earning your B.Com degree is a wise choice if you’re creative. After graduation, you can either start your own business or smoothly transition into your family’s business, bringing your expertise in commerce-based policies and services. This involvement helps in steering the business towards strategic financial management and accounting practices. The course also emphasizes the importance and benefits of transitioning the business onto the digital platform in today’s digital landscape. Digital marketing provides plenty of job prospects, from large global enterprises to small firms. The duration of the digital marketing course varies by institute or university, ranging from three months to one year. The extensive curriculum includes SMM, PPC, SEO, SEM, Web Design, Content Marketing, Email Marketing, and other topics. Legal Advisor Legal advisors, also known as corporate counsel, are legal professionals engaged by government bodies, major corporations, and various entities to offer legal guidance and services exclusively to the organization and its workforce. Unlike attorneys and advocates who cater to the public, legal advisors serve as in-house lawyers, focusing on the legal needs of their employer. Legal advisor roles involve working within law firms or being integral members of a legal counsel team specifically hired by companies and enterprises for their specialized legal expertise. In a legal advisor’s career, leaders and CEOs of the company often seek their advice regarding legal aspects before making significant decisions. A company’s legal advisor plays a crucial role in guiding clients toward informed and legally sound decisions. Tax Consultant Tax consultants are professionals specializing in tax law and financial advice. Their expertise extends to guiding clients through income tax returns and various financial aspects, including trust, estate, and retirement taxes. Staying updated on the latest tax requirements and legal changes at both federal and state levels is a crucial part of their role. In addition to assisting individual clients, businesses and their owners often seek tax-related guidance. Corporate tax law tends to be more intricate compared to regulations for individual income. Consequently, many tax consultants focus on providing specialized services for businesses. This may include strategies to minimize a company’s tax liability, ensuring optimal utilization of tax benefits, and more. Individuals who want to step away from the B.Com general jobs and salary pattern can opt for a career as a tax consultant. Challenges Faced by B.Com Graduates in India B.Com graduates face several challenges. There is no doubt that this course equips the students with necessary industry knowledge and hones them into deserving professionals. However, few graduates still face some challenges which are listed below: Competition: This is the primary challenge faced by B.Com graduates in India which results in limited job opportunities. Employer preference: Some employers give more importance to candidates possessing additional qualifications due to which the B.Com graduates do not stand out with a single undergraduate degree. Upskilling: Evolution of industry requirements demands the candidates to constantly upskill themselves. The candidates who don’t do so fail to stand out from several other candidates who have upskilled to remain competitive. Hands-on Experience: This program equips the students with theoretical knowledge. However, some students who do not have internship experiences do not possess the practical knowledge required to excel in this field. Expectations: Fresh graduates often approach their job search with enthusiasm and high hopes of securing their dream position right away. While a lucky few manage to do so, many face obstacles due to limited experience, industry knowledge, and professional connections. At this point, it becomes crucial to adjust expectations and prioritize gaining relevant skills and knowledge. Limited Interview Preparedness: While possessing a degree and industry expertise is significant, educational institutions often fall short in readying you for interviews. It’s crucial to proactively ready yourself for interviews using rehearsal techniques. Salary: Positions for beginners do not offer a handsome salary and package which might demotivate some of the candidates. Alternative Career Paths in Technology If you’ve exhausted yourself looking at the perfect B.Com jobs list and salary specs and still not finding something that fits your preference, you can always make a career switch. After completing your B.Com you can switch to a number of fields such as science or engineering with the help of the numerous courses online and offline that will help you ease into your new preferred field. Some of these alternative career paths that can also potentially offer a hefty B tech IT salary per month include: Software Engineer Software engineers utilize their expertise in engineering, computer science, and mathematics to craft, edit, assess, and troubleshoot programs. Hence, B.Com salary per month of experts working in this sector is high. Their job responsibilities fluctuate based on the specific role but can encompass tasks such as: Adapting existing software applications Formulating novel software applications from the ground up Evaluating and devising comprehensive software systems Collaborating with a team of software developers, designers, programmers, coders, and others to integrate components Authoring instructional manuals As of 2024, the B.Tech Computer Science salary per month for a fresher is higher than the average B.Com salary in India. Full Stack Developer A full-stack developer is someone well-versed in handling entire software applications, from system requirements and design to deployment. Software development involves various tech stacks, and a skilled full-stack developer understands and can implement them. However, being a full-stack developer comes with significant responsibility. Despite the common perception of being a jack of all trades, it’s important to clarify that proficiency is achieved by selecting at least one specialization from each domain and focusing on it. Trying to learn every frontend technology can be overwhelming and may lead to discouragement due to the time invested in learning. Compared to the base B.Com salary in India, there is potential B.Com scope and salary in this field. A Full Stack developer can earn an average 8.4 Lakhs Per Annum base salary. Alternatively, if jobs after B.Com and salary are not up to your expectations, you can also pursue degrees such as B.Sc in Medical Laboratory Technology or B.Tech in Computer Science, as both have lucrative salary packages that only get better with experience. For instance, the B SC MLT salary per month for a fresher is approximately ₹16000 or 2.6 Lakh Per Annum , and B Tech Computer Science salary per month for freshers begins at ₹31000 or 3.7 Lakh Per Annum depending on the job role. Final Thoughts You might’ve noticed that some of the roles we discussed in this article required additional qualifications apart from a BCom degree. It would be best if you kept the qualifications of a role in mind while making career choices.  For example, you can complete a data science course to pursue a career as an actuary. Similarly, you can pursue a corporate law career by completing a corporate law course after your BCom LLB degree. Such professional courses enhance your chances of bagging well-paying roles and boost your career.   We hope that you found this article on the salary of BCom graduates useful. If you have any questions or suggestions, please let us know through the comments below. We’d love to hear from you. 
Read More

by Sriram

18 Feb 2024

Top 6 Essential Sales Manager Skills in 2023
Blogs
32175
A sales manager directly influences the revenue-generating potential of a company. It is common to assume that someone with the highest sales record is most eligible for a sales manager role. However, that is far from the truth.  A sales manager’s role has more to do with the ability to lead, mentor, and motivate a sales team to achieve or exceed an organization’s sales goals. Companies value sales managers who can successfully meet their customer acquisition and revenue growth targets while keeping the business innovative and competitive.  With that in mind, let’s look at the top 6 skills for sales managers that determine the success of a sales department. Top 6 Most Desired Sales Manager Skills Before we deep-dive into the sales manager skills, it is crucial to understand the responsibilities of a sales manager: A sales manager’s foremost responsibility is to lead the sales department in fulfilling the set sales quotas.  They are expected to contribute to the growth of the business by using insights and analytics to make data-driven decisions.  A sales manager is often in charge of selecting his own team. Therefore, recruiting new salespeople by themselves or along with an HR rep is a part of their job description.  They are responsible for coaching existing and new salespeople and conducting regular performance reviews to help employees enhance their career skills.  Sales managers set the sales goals based on a company’s objectives and a sales team’s caliber.  They plan and execute sales strategies that have the potential to drive business growth. A typical day in a sales manager’s professional life includes maintaining profitable relationships with their own list of clients as well as directly influencing the success of the sales department by ensuring they hit their daily quotas. A good manager creates a cooperative, peaceful atmosphere for everyone to work in and stay motivated to achieve their goals. It requires strong communication skills, leadership skills, the ability to plan strategically and analytically, and effective people skills and relationship-building skills to interact with potential clients, customers, and team members on a regular basis.  Let’s explore the skills that determine the success of a sales manager: 1. Ability to Forecast Sales Goals Based on Analytics  Sales managers need to be able to analyze and review sales data and make actionable decisions based on them to set sales goals. An important part of their job is conducting in-depth research of the market and customers to identify prospects and partnerships.  This requires strong analytical skills and an ability to draw meaningful and productive conclusions to the benefit of the organization. Such insights are helpful in forecasting and setting sales goals as per the objectives of the company. This also forms the basis of strategizing sales plans which are again to be implemented by the sales manager.  A sales manager who is good at pipeline management can forecast the revenue their team will generate in a given period. 2. Strategic Thinking and Planning Skills to Implement Sales Plans  Planning is an essential step in ensuring the growth of a sales department and eventually the scalability of a business. Once sales managers have assembled the necessary data and insights to formulate a plan, they must strategize the course of action that would lead to the realization of the said sales plan. This involves enforcing, tracking, and updating from the beginning till the end to warrant the successful implementation of the plan. It also involves bringing together the entire team to work towards a common objective to improve workflow management. To do so, a sales manager must know to effectively define the sales goals and document the process for everyone to follow, and provide necessary training and support so that the entire sales team prospers consistently.  Planning is not a one-time activity. It requires updating with changes in the market and customer requirements. So, an aspiring sales manager must work on developing their analytical and strategic thinking skills to drive business growth. Taking a specialization course in sales management can help you greatly here. For instance, upGrad’s PG Program in Management, Specialisation in Sales and Digital Marketing is designed for sales executives, managers, and marketing professionals, aspiring or experienced, to provide them relevant industry exposure. The 11-month online program is aimed at developing leadership and management skills, and strategic marketing, sales, and distribution abilities with a focus on business growth.  3. Ability to Coach, Mentor, and Motivate Salespeople  As a sales manager, it is not relevant how good your sales record is if you can’t positively influence your members’ sales performance. It is imperative for sales managers to possess effective communication and interpersonal skills.  A sales manager is as much invested in the day-to-day proceedings of an office as he is at tracking the big-picture progress of the organization’s goals. Thus, he/she must have an active role in improving the quality of salespeople’s sales process by soliciting effective coaching, guidance, and support.  You might partner up with them so they can observe you in the act, or listen in on their conversations with prospective clients to review and provide feedback. Moreover, you can teach them standard business tactics to maximize the success of their presentations and strategies.  It is also important to keep the team motivated towards their goals by organizing meetings, activities, and team-building exercises that push people beyond their comfort zones. This also involves encouraging transparency and communication to help them acknowledge the challenges and limitations in sales operations. All of this contributes to greater revenue for the company.  4. Ability to Delegate Responsibilities The mark of a successful sales manager is how effectively he utilizes the sales department’s potential to achieve organizational goals. To be able to do this, a sales manager must know when and how to delegate responsibilities so as to enhance the productivity of the company. A good sales manager doesn’t burden himself with responsibilities that could be delegated, nor does he micromanage his employees to an extent that hampers their natural productivity.  If a sales manager has trained and mentored his sales department well, his only job now is to track their progress and provide assistance when necessary.  Read: What does it take for a fresher to get a job in sales? 5. Ability to Lead To be a sales manager means to lead every step of the way. It indicates creating a healthy atmosphere for everyone involved to progress and prosper.  A good leader is expected to stay calm under stressful situations and help team members cope with the pressures of the daily grind. Sales managers should be compassionate enough to understand the challenges their employees are facing and help them solve their problems and be stern and authoritative enough to hold them accountable.  It is a sales manager’s job to encourage amicable relationships between team members and resolve conflicts when necessary. The aim is to motivate and empower team members to excel in their respective spaces with proper guidance and support.  Leadership skills come in quite handy when interacting with new prospects, initiating partnerships, and closing sales. It involves putting people at ease, building rapport, and putting forth an impression of reliability and trust.  The incentive to take responsibility and stay committed to achieving goals reflects in the leadership skills of a sales manager.  6. Ability to Communicate All of the above-mentioned skills fall flat if a sales manager does not possess the necessary communication and interpersonal skills. They should be able to clearly convey the goals, objectives, visions, and strategies so that everyone is aware of their respective role and what they need to do. To be able to deliver sales information accurately, delegate respective tasks and duties, identify inconsistencies and provide mentorship to improve them, provide support, motivate the sales team with powerful words, and build profitable relationships with clients and customers, a sales manager must have strong communication skills. 7. Ability to use the CRM Systems One of the most sought-after sales manager skills is the ability to use Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems. A CMS system assists a company in looking after and enhancing its relationship with various prospects as well as customers. This system is one of the most used management tools that increases the sales of a company that is using it. The main task of a CMS system is to gather various information like residential addresses, identities, previous purchases, etc of the customers. All these pieces of information are later used by the sales manager to figure out various things like new sales possibilities, the latest sales trends, etc.  This system or software also helps a sales manager in making weekly as well as monthly sales reports. In this technological era, where modern technologies are replacing the traditional ways of working, a sales manager needs to learn more about Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems to promote his position. 8. Ability to Hire New Employees The ability to hire and recruit new employees are key skills for sales manager. This procedure allows a sales manager to hire a well-qualified team that can easily elevate the sales of a company.  While hiring a sales manager must also know the required skills a candidate should possess to be eligible in the sales team. A sales manager should also know how to interview and set questions for potential candidates who will fit into the team. The qualification for sales executive are also supervised by the sales manager while hiring them.  These skills of sales manager will stand out on his resume. 9. Sufficient Knowledge of the Products Having sufficient knowledge about the products falls under the top 5 key skills for sales manager. Having better knowledge and information about a product will assist a sales manager or his team in smoothly pitching it to the customers. A good pitching of a product is extremely influential and allows the customers to get a complete notion of it. Sufficient knowledge of a product can also assist a sales manager in conducting successful sales campaigns or programs with maximum product purchases. Campaigns like this not only boost the purchases of a product but also help to build good customer relationships. 10. Ability to Manage Time Perfectly The job role of a sales manager is quite tedious and creates time management problems. Therefore, one of the most required skills needed for sales manager is managing time tactfully. This will help them to maximize their productivity along with desired outcomes.  A sales manager who lacks the art of time management will find it difficult to lead a team and this will hamper the targeted outcomes as well. A sales manager can easily overcome problems relating to time management by setting a strict project deadline for himself as well as for his entire team. 11. Ability to Comprehend as well as Collaborate with the Marketing Team Sales and Marketing are two interconnected areas that are heavily dependent on each other. Therefore, understanding the marketing field is one of the many skills required for sales manager. Knowledge about marketing and its team helps a sales manager to easily collaborate with them on various new projects. The marketing team and the sales team together can boost a newly launched product of a company as a result of seamless collaboration. Hence, companies are in dire need of a sales manager who has marketing knowledge and can easily work together in any new project. Various Technical Skills of Sales Managers Besides the essential skills, a sales manager must also possess some technical skills. These technical skills required for sales manager have been elucidated below: Conflicts Solving Skills One of the most required skills of sales manager is conflict resolution. This is considered a technical skill that is needed apart from the above-mentioned essential skills. During any sales procedure, there may be various kinds of conflicts like product disputes, delivery issues, and customer care problems which are to be sorted out by a sales manager. These types of technical issues need to be tactfully handled by an experienced sales manager so that the company can continue working without any hindrance. Ability to find out Customers’ requirements Figuring out customer’s needs is one of those sales manager skills for resume. A sales manager must know how to study the market trends and the behavior of the customers to figure out their requirements. This procedure helps a company to grow in size and build a good relationship as well as trust with its consumers. Sales Metrics There are 6 sales metrics that a sales manager should follow daily to become more skilled and lead the sales team toward the path of betterment. These metrics help a sales manager to supervise the performance of the entire team and provide feedback simultaneously. These metrics that a sales manager must know are: Sales Prediction The first sales metric is sales prediction. A sales manager must learn to make sales forecasts so that he can easily predict future sales. A manager can make strategies, activities,  as well as budgets relying upon this prediction Lead Response Time The lead response time must be short and quick. This time must be ensured and supervised by a sales manager. An efficient manager can easily provide quick responses. High-quality Sources A sales manager needs to ensure that his team works with high-quality sources. This is usually figured out by studying the market trends and analyzing customer needs with various data. Sales Team Productivity  A sales manager also needs to make sure that his team’s productivity has increased over time. This can be easily tracked by calculating performance evaluation, income revenues, and expenditures. Besides these, the productivity of a team by be measured by tracking activity levels, conversion rates, and sales rates. Conversion Rates Conversion rates determine the number of leads that have been transformed into customers. This is a primary duty of a sales manager and therefore he needs to closely follow the conversion rates. Rates of Upsell and Cross-sell An efficient sales manager should know how to smoothly upsell as well as cross-sell. Upselling is a process where a customer is advised to upgrade a product to its expensive version. While cross-selling encourages a customer to add more products to their initial purchase. These methods increase the sales rate and revenue of a company. Salary of a Sales Manager In 2024, the average salary of a sales manager is around USD 70073 per annum. However, the salary may vary due to several factors like company, years of experience, location, nature of work, etc. Conclusion A sales manager’s job comes with a wide range of responsibilities, all of which involve uniting the entire department under them to work productively towards fulfilling company goals. It has also been predicted that there will be a growth of 4% in the employment of sales managers till 2032. This hike will open a lot of opportunities and job vacancies in various companies. These companies will also provide high remuneration due to this growth. Conclusion A sales manager’s job comes with a wide range of responsibilities, all of which involve uniting the entire department under them to work productively towards fulfilling company goals.  If you are just starting out a career in sales, there is a lot you will need to learn to bolster your management skills along the way. Luckily, there are online programs that have made this easier than ever. upGrad’s PG Program in Management, Specialisation in Sales and Digital Marketing is not just confined to imparting in-demand sales skills and hands-on training. It also prepares aspiring young professionals for career advancement opportunities.
Read More

by Sriram

17 Feb 2024

Career Options After 12th Computer Science: Best Career Opportunities in India
Blogs
141888
The growing value of computer science in the modern period is causing it to rise in demand. The rapid development of technology combined with an increasing demand for qualified employees has made computer science an incredibly prosperous career. A student passing their 12th board is stressed worried and full of dreams. If those dreams are channelised well then these students can do wonders in whichever field they choose to go in. Earlier there were few options available to students. But today, wth the advent of technology and options, there are various options available to choose from. From the tried-and-true paths of earning a Bachelor of Computer Science Engineering or a Bachelor of Computer Applications to the cutting-edge fields of Data Science, Cybersecurity, and mobile application development, there are plenty of excellent options for computer science courses after 12th grade. This blog is your key to accessing your ideal careers in the constantly evolving area of computer science, whether you aim to create the next major mobile app, safeguard the digital frontier, or work in traditional IT industries. Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition. “What to do after 12th Computer Science?” If you’re a 12th student studying Computer Science, you must have faced this question multiple times. To help you tackle your confusion, we have prepared the following article. This article will tell you about the best courses after 12th computer science, and the most lucrative career options after 12th Computer Science. Let’s begin: This is more than simply a career prospect; it is an offer to enter a world where code threads weave the fabric of creativity and algorithms define the future. From the traditional paths in technology and computing applications to the unexplored realms of data science, cybersecurity, and developing mobile apps, the opportunities are as broad as the digital age itself. Whether you prefer academic research in a B.Sc. degree or want to create thrilling experiences in video game development, the decision is yours. This blog provides information on areas of expertise, educational pathways, and the state of the technological sector,  helping students after 12th computer science which course is best for  future and make their way through the many options. Thus, when you find yourself at the moment, let’s explore the multitude of opportunities that lie ahead, urging you to influence the future by utilizing your knowledge of bits and algorithms. f Courses After 12th Computer Science As a 12th Computer Science student, you have plenty of courses to choose from. Here are the top courses in Computer Science that you can pursue after completing the 12th: 1. B.Tech in Computer Science One of the most popular and lucrative courses after 12th Computer Science is B.Tech in Computer Science. B.Tech in Computer Science is widely popular because of its massive demand in the industry and its applications. You can also consider doing our Management Essentials Bootcamp if you are interested. As a B.Tech Computer Science student, you learn about computer science basics and its applications in various areas; such as computer programming and its multiple concepts, including computer software, algorithms, program design, programming languages, computer hardware, computation, and many more.  Learners receive an average Salary hike of 58% with the highest being up to 400%. B.Tech Computer Science is one of the most sought-after degrees, so you might face a lot of competition while pursuing it. Prominent institutes that issue this degree include IITs, NITs, IIITs, BITS Pilani, etc. B.Tech in computer science is an ever-evolving field, which has come up with newer trends like artificial intelligence, and computing (edge or quantum). It is expected to grow at the rate of 15% between 2019 to 2029  So pursuing education in computer science after 12th is a beneficial step towards a good career After completing this course, you can follow many lucrative careers such as Software Engineer, Software Developer, Data Scientist, etc. The average income of a B.Tech in Computer Science graduate in India is INR 7.3 Lakh per annum. With experience and expertise, your salary in this field can go up to INR 20 Lakh per annum.  The reason it comes under the category of one of the most sought-after computer science courses after 12th is multiple opportunities available post completion of the course. As per one’s interest, the available options could be- Data Science Artificial Intelligence Game Designing Software Security and Intelligence 2. B.Tech in Information Technology B.Tech in Information Technology is another popular course choice for computer science students. It differs from the B.Tech in Computer Science in terms of curriculum and goals. While the B.Tech in Computer Science degree focuses on making you familiar with various aspects of computer programming and its concepts, B.Tech in Information Technology focuses on information theory and management. You get to study Networking, Database Management, Programming, and many other aspects of Information Technology. It’s an excellent course for students who want to pursue a tech career. The I.T. sector has been quite a generous field in terms of salaries and growth opportunities. Featured Program for you: Business Analytics Certification Programme This degree will help you in entering that field effectively. One of the biggest reasons why it’s such a popular choice among students is because of its lucrative packages and salaries. The average pay of a B.Tech in Information Technology graduate is INR 7 Lakh per annum. So if you’re wondering, “What to do after 12th Computer Science?” B.Tech, IT would be a great answer.  It is considered one of the best courses after 12th computer science because it is highly in demand not only in terms of the salary but also in terms of opportunities available. The IT industry holds 8% of India’s GDP in the year 2020. For India, the growth in exports is 50%.  (Source 1, Source 2) 3. BCA (Bachelor of Computer Application) Apart from engineering courses, there are plenty of other courses you can pursue in Computer Science. A popular course choice for Computer Science students is BCA (Bachelor of Computer Application). In the BCA course, you’ll learn the theory and applications of Computer Science. It makes you familiar with the fundamentals of computers and covers related subjects, including Software Development, Database Management System, Theoretical Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Computer Networks, etc. It is a great course to pursue a career in the tech sector. You can supplement this degree with a specialized course to pursue advanced roles in the tech industry.  At upGrad, we have mentored thousands of students from across the globe for different courses and careers. Checkout our degree courses offered by upGrad in association with top universities for motivated students like you looking for state-of-the-art BBA courses after completing their 12th. There is a reason that it comes under one of the high salary courses after 12th computer science, The  global market for applications development was USD 131.4 billion in 2020. There are many job opportunities available in computer applications, such as – Java Developer Technology Specialist Web Analyst Computer Scientist Software Analyst Computer Programmer 4. B.Sc. in Computer Science One of the popular courses after 12th Computer Science is a B.Sc. in Computer Science (Bachelor of Science in Computer Science). Many students confuse the two degrees and think they teach the same thing. However, there’s a vast difference between B.Sc. Computer Science and BCA. B.Sc. Computer Science teaches you the theory behind Computer Science and focuses more on the related concepts. On the other hand, BCA focuses more on the applications of computers and Computer Science. It comes under one of the most highly demanding degree courses after the 12th computer science. It is one of the most sort after computer degree courses after 12th, the average annual salary of the BSc. (CS) graduate ranges to 6.0 LPA. Also, there are many career options available in this field, such as – Systems Analyst Network Programmer Computer Graphics IT Consultant Backend Developer Web Designer 5. Bachelor of Science in Information Technology (B.Sc. IT): Those who are passionate about exploring the dynamic field of technology may choose to pursue a Bachelor of Science in Information Technology (B.Sc IT) courses after 12th Computer Science This three-year undergraduate program seamlessly blends theoretical concepts with hands-on practical learning, providing a holistic understanding of information technology. Students learn programming languages, such as Java and Python, and gain hands-on experience developing software applications.  In addition to technical aspects, B.Sc. IT explores information technology’s business and management aspects, providing a holistic understanding of how IT solutions align with organizational goals. The course typically includes practical sessions, internships, and projects to ensure that students can apply theoretical knowledge to real-world scenarios. The average B.Sc. IT job income in India is between INR 2.5 and INR 4 LPA in 2024, according to Payscale. The Bachelor of Science in Information Technology program is adaptable and career-focused, with graduates being well-prepared for positions in various industries. Such as Software Developers System Analysts  IT Consultants Graphic Designer Information Security Coordinator Database Administrators  Application Programmer 6. Diploma in Computer Science Engineering: A Diploma in Computer Science Engineering is a three-year program that offers foundational knowledge and practical skills in the field of computer science and engineering. The curriculum covers a diverse range of subjects, including programming languages, computer networks, database management, software engineering, and system analysis. For individuals looking for a more concentrated and hands-on approach to technology, pursuing a Diploma in Computer Science after 12th grade in computer science is a wise and calculated decision. Students enrolled in this program gain hands-on experience through practical sessions, projects, and laboratory work. The coursework is designed to provide a comprehensive understanding of both hardware and software components, preparing students for roles in computer system maintenance, software development, and IT support. Ambition Box states that the average yearly pay for a Diploma Computer Engineer in India with less than 1 year of experience to 5 years is INR 1.8 LPA, with a salary range of INR 0.2 LPA to INR 7.5 LPA. 7. B.Sc. (Other Science Streams) You don’t necessarily have to pursue a Computer Science degree after completing 12th with Computer Science. You can enroll in B.Sc streams depending on your chosen subjects in the 12th. Some of the prominent B.Sc. options include: BSc Agriculture. BSc Biotechnology. BSc Zoology. BSc Clinical Research & Healthcare Management. BSc Forestry. BSc Microbiology. BSc Nursing. B.Sc. Physiotherapy. B.Sc. Radiology B.Sc. Bioinformatics B.Sc. Physics B.Sc. Chemistry B.Sc. Botany Similarly, you can enroll in B.Com (Bachelor of Commerce), B.A. (Bachelor of Arts), and other courses that cover the fundamentals and theoretical aspects of their subjects. 6. Other Notable Courses The above list consists of the most popular courses after 12th Computer Science. However, they aren’t the only courses you can do after completing the 12th with Computer Science. Here are some additional degrees you can pursue in this field: B.Tech in Computer Science and Engineering B.Tech in Communication Engineering B.Tech + M.Tech in Computer Engineering (Integrated Course) B.Sc. in Software Technology B.Sc. in Computer Engineering Also visit upGrad’s Degree Counselling page for all undergraduate and postgraduate programs. Why You Need To Learn About The Courses For Computer Science Group After 12th  The following are a few advantages of comprehending computer science group courses beyond the 12th grade: Assists in Preparing For the Future: Planning becomes crucial when you pursue your 12th standard. With a career prospect in mind, things become clear, like what courses would be your best options. Aids in Career Advancement: Planning early is the key to reaching heights in your career. Knowing which career you want to pursue can help you choose the right course under the computer science group. This can help you become the best candidate in your profile, ensuring fast-paced career advancement. Time-Saving: You can save time on research by knowing all employment scopes for computer science students after 12th standard. Diverse Specializations: Specialisations in computer science include data science, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, and software development. Finding information about courses facilitates selecting a career path that fits one’s interests. Skill Development: Different courses focus on specific skill sets, including programming languages, database management, and system analysis. Learning about these courses aids in developing a well-rounded skill profile. Certification Opportunities: Acquiring knowledge of additional certifications and short courses related to computer science courses can improve skill sets and boost employability. Industry Relevance: Keeping up with the most recent developments in computer science curricula guarantees that the education is still applicable to business demands, improving the likelihood of landing a good job. Computer Maths Group Courses After 12th: Job Prospects & Career Options  Following completion of computer math group courses after 12th like BE, B.Sc, or B. Tech degree, someone’s professional options, and job prospects depend on their field of study in addition to their personal interests and skill set. Here are a few common career paths taken by graduates of these programs:  BE Degree B. Sc. Degree B. Tech Automobile Engineer Meteorologist Cloud Solutions Architect Aerospace Engineer Geologist Network Security Specialist Mechanical Engineer Environmental Scientist Database Administrator Electrical Engineer Data Analyst System Analyst Civil Engineer Research Scientist Software Developer These courses prepare students for dynamic jobs in technology-driven sectors by giving them a solid foundation in mathematics and computer science. The Computer Maths Group provides training in software development, data analysis, and research to prepare students for a wide range of fulfilling employment. Career Options After 12th Computer Science Choosing the best courses after 12th in Computer Science is an exciting journey. Each of these career options offers a unique pathway into the world of technology, and by understanding their roles and requirements, you can make an informed decision that aligns with your interests and aspirations. Now that you know the courses after 12th Computer Science you can join, let’s discuss the best career options after 12th Computer Science: 1. Software Engineer One of the most popular career options after 12th Computer Science is software engineering. Software engineers play a critical role in the development and production of software. They work with software designers and developers to create the product. The pay in this industry is really good and with experience the chances of good salary packages double up. The averag salary of a software developer is 5.1 LPA. It is a dynamic field and with the advent of technology, it is growing to see a rapid growth in coming years. A software engineer maps out various programming tasks for the different aspects of software production, combining later to create a fully functioning program. Software engineers participate in the design and development of the software. It is a good option to choose among many demanding computer engineering courses after the 12th, the earlier one get into the industry the better it is. They are responsible for plotting out the automated tasks of the process. Popular employers for this role include Accenture, Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys, Tech Mahindra, etc.  The median pay of a software engineer in India is INR 5.3 Lakh per annum. Software engineers with more than ten years of professional experience earn around INR 15 Lakh per annum. Your knowledge and expertise can help you climb the corporate ladder and bag senior roles such as Senior Software Engineer, Lead Software Engineer, etc. Apart from a bachelor’s degree, you might need additional software development certification to bag these roles.  Read: In-demand career options for software professionals 2. Cloud Computing Professional You can aim to enter the cloud computing sector too. It is among the highest paying fields in the tech sector. Cloud computing is the field related to the development and implementation of solutions based in the cloud. You should be familiar with cloud technology and its various features. As more businesses are shifting to using cloud technology, the demand for cloud computing professionals has risen accordingly. It is among the most sought-after skills, and you can easily bag a lucrative job by learning the necessary skills. Typical roles in this field are Solutions Architect, DevOps Engineer, Technical Architect, and others. The average could engineer salary in India is 8.3 LPA. There are manay career options to choose from such as- Cloud Architect Cloud Consultant Cloud Security Engineer DevOps Cloud Engineer A bachelor’s degree might not be sufficient to bag a high-paying job in this sector. You should get a Advanced Certification in Cloud Computing program It would help you stand out in the recruiters’ eyes and get high-paying roles.  Our Top Management Programs & Articles Product Management Certification Program from Duke CE Leadership and Management in New-Age Business from Wharton Online Top 4 Functions of Management Process Explained Leadership and Management in New-Age Business from Wharton PG Program in Management from IMT 5 Key Skills Required for Successful Management Career & How To Achieve Those Skills? 8 Crucial Business Management Skills Every Manager Should Have Why Should You Consider Product Management as a Career Option? Top 7 Career Options in Management To Choose [For Freshers & Experienced] 3. Data Scientist A relatively new and high-paying career for Computer Science students is data scientist. As a data scientist, you’ll be responsible for collecting and using large quantities of data to solve business problems. The median salary of a data scientist in India is INR 8.14 Lakh per annum. Beginners in this sector earn around INR 3.43 Lakh per annum, whereas with experience, your pay can go up to INR 20 Lakh per year. Popular employers for this role include IBM India, Tata Consultancy Services, Accenture, Amazon, and other large tech companies. The amount of data a business uses nowadays is humongous. They require the expertise of data scientists to help them use this data effectively and generate valuable insights from the same. There are many career options to choose from in this field such as- Data Administartor Data Architect Data Business Intelligence Developer Data Analyst Statistician Big Data Engineer Data scientists use many of the latest technologies to achieve this. They perform Machine Learning, Predictive Analysis, Statistical Analysis, and many other tasks. They are responsible for developing efficient frameworks for data collection as well. You can take a data science course after completing a bachelor’s degree to increase your chances of bagging this role.  4. Web Developer B.Tech is a great scope for computer science students after 12th who seek interest in the world of internet and website development. It helps you come closer to your dream of becoming an IT specialist, who creates back-end and front-end website code. These experts initially ascertain the needs of the business before working with designers to complete the website’s appearance. Web developers typically use the wireframes created by web designers. They ensure a website is useful, aesthetically pleasing, and secure for users to browse.  5. Application Developer Courses after 12th bio computer helps you become an expert in application development. An application developer creates, distributes, and maintains software for a particular hardware platform and operating system is what we refer to as an application developer. These experts fix bugs in software, maintain it, and test security holes in patches. In India, the average yearly income for an application developer is INR 11.2 LPA, with a salary range of INR 3.0 LPA to INR 16.0 LPA. An application developer may create a desktop or mobile application. To build finished apps, they produce high-quality codes. These experts don’t just create programs; they also test them before use, troubleshoot them, and debug them.  6. Network Security Engineer One of the best computer engineering courses after 12th – B.Tech, opens the gateway to the world of Network Security Profession. An engineer in network security creates and manages security systems for corporate networks. These experts guard a company’s network infrastructure by updating cybersecurity software, setting up firewalls, and looking for any security flaws. These experts identify the issue during cyberattacks, isolate it, and fix it to stop more attacks.  7. Cybersecurity Analyst: A Cybersecurity Analyst is like a digital superhero who protects our online world from cyber threats and villains. They are the guardians of our digital safety. These professionals ensure that computer systems, networks, and sensitive information remain secure from hackers and other malicious activities. They might set up firewalls, which are like protective walls around your digital space, and use antivirus programs to detect and remove any digital intruders. Becoming a Cybersecurity Analyst typically involves pursuing a Bachelor’s degree in Cybersecurity or a related field. It is well easy for students who are studying computer science after 12th. It’s like attending a special academy to learn the skills needed for this important role. They also often earn certifications to showcase their expertise, much like receiving badges of honor. The salary range for a Cyber Security Analyst in India is INR 2.7 Lakhs to ₹ 11.5 Lakhs, with an average of INR 6.3 LPA. 8. AI/Machine Learning Engineer: Becoming an AI/Machine Learning Engineer is one of the most desired computer degree courses after 12th grade. An AI/Machine Learning Engineer is like a digital creator who teaches computers to learn and make decisions on their own. To be an AI/Machine Learning Engineer, one usually pursues a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science or a related field. Think of it as attending a school where you learn the language of machines. Machine Learning Engineer salaries in India range between INR 4.0 LPA to INR 30.0 LPA with an average annual salary of INR 11.6 LPA. Additionally, these engineers often specialize in languages like Python and engage in real-world projects to hone their skills. 9. IT Support Specialist An IT Support Specialist is like a friendly tech expert who helps solve computer problems and ensures everything runs smoothly in the digital world. These specialists assist individuals and organizations by troubleshooting issues, fixing glitches, and offering solutions for computer-related challenges. A bachelor’s degree in IT support or a similar discipline is normally pursued to work as an IT support specialist. An IT support specialist typically makes INR 5.5 LPA a year.  Strong problem-solving and communication skills are key in this role, ensuring they can explain solutions in plain language. 10. Database Administrator A Database Administrator (DBA) is like a digital librarian who organizes and safeguards information in a virtual library. They are the guardians of data, ensuring it’s stored, retrieved, and managed effectively. The typical path to becoming a database administrator is to seek a bachelor’s degree in database management after completing their 12th grade in computer science. DBAs manage specialized software to handle data efficiently. The average yearly income for a Database Administrator (DBA) in India is INR 10.6 LPA, with a salary range of INR 4.8 LPA to INR 23.5 LPA. They focus on maintaining the integrity and security of databases, acting as the guardians of our digital knowledge. Wrapping Up After completing the 12th grade, there are a plethora of high-salary courses after 12th computer science available, which presents an unlimited opportunity landscape in India. The options are numerous and exciting, ranging from the fields of software development, cybersecurity, and data science to the complexities of network administration and artificial intelligence. These top computer science engineering courses after 12th meet the expanding needs of the tech-driven world in addition to satisfying personal interests. The best job prospects in India are found in the vibrant and rapidly growing field of computer science, regardless of whether a student chooses to enroll in a highly specialized program or a standard degree.
Read More

by Sriram

17 Feb 2024

Career in Digital Marketing: Ultimate Guide [2023]
Blogs
32061
Introduction to Career in Digital Marketing Before we dissect the pros and cons of going into a career in digital marketing, we should take a brief look into the evolution of marketing and start from the apex of it. If you are someone from the 90s or early 2000s, you probably remember those wonderful TV advertisements. A few of them were really inspiring, while many of them were a bit cringe-inducing. Digital Marketing field, also known as online marketing, is an evolving marketing discipline that helps a brand connect with potential customers over the internet and increase its reach for a better business opportunity. It helps in creating feasible brand awareness and also helps in potential client and stakeholder acquisitions of the concerned organizations. Digital marketing fields as a course are very lucrative and provide a plethora of job opportunities to aspirants who seek a future in this particular field.  For people curious to know is Digital Marketing a good career, diving deep into learning more about it can help shed some light on it! Digital marketing field has been providing a swathe of job opportunities nowadays. It helps in making a lucrative career for the aspirants and helps them have a very satisfying life. Currently, the average salary of a digital marketing manager in India is about Rs. 5.6 LPA. It is a very lucrative field of work where one can have room for improvement and can help in making a feasible living. Therefore, a particular course with proper classes giving an adequate work opportunity can change the entire dynamic of the learning procedure.  However, most of them had an objective – they were designed to make you aware of a product and try to influence you to buy it. Companies spend huge chunks of money for advertising and marketing their product – it’s their way to attract new customers and enlarge the customer pool. You might have already guessed that marketing is highly dependent on consumer trends. So, now, where does digital marketing come in here? Need for digital marketing Try to recall the last time you actually sat before a television set for a prolonged period. Most of you may not remember it. That’s because, with the internet and easy streaming of TV shows, people have shifted from television sets to the Internet. With this change, companies have also shifted from traditional advertising to digital marketing – bringing advertisements to your mobile or computer screen. Read: Digital Marketing Project Ideas and Topics for Beginners Digitalization in marketing techniques has evolved and is still a rapidly changing evolving discipline. The Digital Marketing field is vast and encompasses several methods of making brand awareness. Let’s read about the feasible career in Digital Marketing in India, which will upgrade your overall knowledge on the entire subject.  However, since the internet is almost endless, digital marketing has to deal with a lot of skills and roles so that you can cut through the competition. It has become a very lucrative option and the demand for digital marketers is increasing. The Digital Marketing field thus helps in creating a dynamic existence in the global online market and increases the chances to get better clients altogether. Hence if you think that is Digital Marketing a good career option, you can definitely look towards the market turnovers and the employment opportunities that come in this field for you when opting for a career in Digital Marketing in India.  To understand the need for digital marketing hiring, take a look at this research conducted by EMR. In 2023, the digital marketing market in India was valued at USD 5,118.55 million. The market is projected to expand at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 30.3% from 2024 to 2032, with a target valuation of USD 55,372.78 million. What is digital marketing? Before going into the ways to forward your career in digital marketing, let’s first understand the concept – what is digital marketing? Just like traditional marketing, in digital marketing, a company has a product that they wish to sell, and hence, they try to engage customers, introduce the product and try to close a sale. This principle also helps in creating massive brand awareness online, which will further help to widen the horizons of business. The Digital Marketing field is the key to success for the future endeavors of the organization to widen its horizons effectively. The field is evolving and has been really helping to expand the market structure as a whole.  Since companies are trying to engage customers by using the immense power of the internet, they have to employ several people in different roles and with specific skill-sets to help with this purpose. Digital marketing is quite versatile and creative in nature. As a marketing professional, you might come across these fields in digital marketing: Video and audio production Mobile Marketing Search Engine Optimization (SEO) Search Engine Marketing (SEM) Interactive Technology (like AI) Social Media Email Marketing E-Commerce Content management and curation Marketing automation Web Design Web Development Copywriting and editing Analytics Business and marketing strategy   As a fresher, you do not require training in all of these but you have to master at least two or three of them. However, if you take up the role of a manager, you might have to know a couple of these. Also read: Digital Marketing Salary in India upGrad’s Exclusive Digital Marketing Webinar for you – Webinar with Q&A Session on Digital Marketing document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/kapil-panchal-alumni-talk-about-careers-in-dm.mp4   Which skills are in most demand? It’s clear that digital marketing is taking the world by storm. Most companies are moving towards digital marketing and since marketing is an integral part of any company, the demand for digital marketers is quite high. Let’s turn our attention to a few statistics to get an overview of this demand. It has been estimated that about 93% of all online activity begins with a search engine. To rank in a search engine, you have to ensure that the content is made SEO-friendly. If we are talking about businesses that sell products, then statistics show that 80% of Americans make one online purchase at least every month. So, for a business to thrive, one needs a basic understanding of digital marketing. In 2017, digital advertising, content strategy, social media, and content creation were considered the most in-demand skills. As per the LinkedIn Digital database by David Rosales, it has been found that with the evolving discipline of Digital Marketing in 2022, Copywriting is one of the best subsets or branches of the Digital Marketing field which has helped in creating a plethora of job opportunities for people. The average salary of a Copywriter is around Rs.3.3LPA. Hence, this is one of the feasible job opportunities for aspirants who have just finished their courses in Digital Marketing fields. You can also look for job opportunities in the field of SEO and Social Media Marketing which rank second and third in this field, respectively.  If you specialize in skills like SEO and SEM which can make a business more profitable, then you can easily land a high-paying job. Along with the usual content creation, you will also need to analyze patterns since content marketing is dependent on traffic. You can analyze the patterns and design your work in a way that it drives more traffic towards your work. Who is digital marketing for? When you are deciding on a career in digital marketing, you might be wondering – Am I fit for this career? Well, digital marketing has something for almost all people. If you are someone who enjoys coding, then you can easily get a spot as a web developer. Nowadays, even AI is being used to help with Interactive Technology. Plus, data science can be used to identify customer patterns so data scientists can be of great help in digital marketing. For creative souls, digital marketing has a pool of work. Writers can go for content creation and management. Graphic designing and video editing are also an important sector in digital marketing. Read more about the digital marketing skills you need. However, since marketing is a dynamic field, if you enter it, you need to learn constantly. You have to be proactive and curious as well as understand how businesses work. The more adaptable and skilful you become, the better are your chances to move up the ranks in the digital marketing field. Besides, there are other lucrative opportunities to work on that encompass the discipline of Digital Marketing. Data Analysis is also one of the most lucrative fields to work for someone with a degree in Data Sciences. Project Management is another popular career in Digital Marketing that helps in creating an adequate opportunity to work. If you have a degree in Management and Leadership, then this job is really lucrative for you. It helps you to keep tabs on different projects online and make a chart of how to finish a particular project in a given period of time.  Best Digital Marketing Courses Online Advanced Certificate in Brand Communication Management - MICA Advanced Certificate in Digital Marketing and Communication - MICA Performance Marketing Bootcamp - Google Ads from upGrad To Explore all our courses, visit our page below. Digital Marketing Courses Why should you choose a career in digital marketing? Digital marketing is a wide field and there are plenty of avenues which you can go down if you engage in it. If you want to learn something every day, you can even move up the ranks and become a manager. However, there are several other reasons why digital marketing can be a profitable venture for you: Advantages 1. Utilization of skills: In the modern world, companies are looking for people with soft skills. If you are someone from the middle-income bracket and have some digital skills under your belt, then you can upscale yourself by learning more skills, especially in this area. Planned learning of skills can eventually take you forward in your future expeditions. 2. Versatile field: In many different fields, if you have already taken a specialization, it becomes difficult to shift your path. You might have to go through extensive training. However, with digital marketing, very little training is required for you to make the required switch. In most cases, digital marketing fields have something for everyone. You can build up on your existing skills and learn new skills on the job. 3. Evolving industry: When a person is looking for a job, they also search for job security. Hence, they would often go to an evolving industry which may not go through a possible emergency shutdown. Digital marketing is quite new in that aspect and it is always growing. If you are eager to learn and improve, there’s always something around the corner. Since there are several roles to fill up when you are in this industry and different creative marketing strategies that you can develop, digital marketing will not only place you in a secured field but also help you invest yourself completely in the industry. Check out the digital marketing roles blog post to learn more about the various career options in digital marketing. 4. Earnings: Digital marketing jobs are in demand and so, there is a lot of opportunity for you to negotiate your remuneration. One of the best things about digital marketing is that you do not have to be in-house to work. You can also work as a freelancer or remotely. If you have the experience or the skill and if you can show your achievements, then you can negotiate and get your desired salary in this field. In India, the different roles in the digital marketing field have separate salary slabs. An approximation of the per annum salary of each chief role is:   Role Salary in Rupees Digital Marketing Manager 4 lakhs to 10 lakhs SEO Manager 3 lakhs to 7 lakhs SEM/PPC expert 3 lakhs to 5 lakhs Web developer/designer 3 lakhs to 6 lakhs Social Media Manager 3.5 lakhs to 7 lakhs Content Writer 2.5 lakhs to 5 lakhs   5. Creativity: Digital marketing is a very creative discipline. Unlike many technical professional fields, digital marketing provides an opportunity for many creative people. There are jobs in writing, designing and audio and video production. Plus, developing marketing strategies, solving problems and finding ways to engage audiences require creative solutions as well.  6. Training as you please: It has already been established that digital marketing is a field where you need to learn new skills to keep going up the ranks. However, the best part is that you can train at your own pace and within your own comfort level. If you are working as a freelancer or engaged in a work-from-home contract, then you can learn in your own home. You can take up online courses to help you with your skill training. You can even volunteer to build a website or a blog and engage in social media management of your personal page. It will help you to create an amazing portfolio for yourself. Plus, most of these skills do not require a lot of financial investment from your end too. 7. Working in a diverse environment: It is not a mystery that networking really helps, especially when it comes to professional growth. When you enter the digital marketing field, you have the opportunity to expand your creative side since you will be meeting a lot of different people with different skill sets. By working with different people, you get a chance to not only learn from them but also get a new direction in life, like understanding a new skill which will enrich your portfolio further.  In-demand Digital Marketing Skills Advertising Courses Influencer Marketing Courses SEO Courses Performance Marketing Courses SEM Courses Email Marketing Courses Content Marketing Courses Social Media Marketing Courses Marketing Analytics Courses Web Analytics Courses Display Advertising Courses Affiliate Marketing Courses Disadvantages Like most other disciplines, digital marketing has its cons too. Some of the cons of digital marketing are: 1. Regular learning and flexibility – Ongoing learning in digital marketing can be both a pro and a con for this field. While learning new things is always beneficial, the extremely dynamic nature of digital marketing can make learning a bit hectic. You may have to stay on your toes as you try to understand the trends and learn something new. You also have to be flexible and change your methods frequently based on the changing trends of the market. 2. High competition – Like any other field, digital marketing has a lot of competition. However, since this field is quite creative in nature, the competition increases even further. As a digital marketer, one of your chief goals will be to rank your page or website on Google and make it come up on the first page. Hence, you will not only be competing with other top pages, but also with several blog pages and websites. The competition is on a global scale making it even more difficult to breakthrough. Learn more: Digital Marketing Tutorial: A Step-by-Step Guide To Become an Expert Continuous exposure to computers – A digital marketing career entails sitting in front of a laptop all the time which can lead to health hazards. Continuously looking at the screen is harmful to the eyes and also to the brain. It can lead to irritating behavior patterns while talking to others and getting angry about trivial matters. Many people overlook this factor while working in the digital marketing field but it’s a crucial point to consider. Hard to Calculate Your ROI. – When it comes to a career in digital marketing, the most crucial element for success is the return on investment (ROI).  You can examine the ROI while running a campaign on Google AdWords or Facebook Ads Manager. But it is not 100% precise, and for many other tools, the ROI cannot be calculated with the same level of precision. The majority of digital marketing agencies only think about return on investment (ROI), yet this is typically an incorrect assumption.  What are the various fields in digital marketing? Now that we have answered your query “Is digital marketing a good career?”, you might want to know about the career opportunities in digital marketing. Digital marketing is a constantly evolving industry and hence new digital marketing jobs are cropping up in the market. It’s important to choose which fields in digital marketing you want to pursue. 1. Social media manager: Digital marketing agencies hire social media managers who are responsible for managing the social media accounts of various clients. They are in charge of their client’s social media presence. Additionally, social media experts could work for a single company, managing the social media strategy across all of its channels.  They create content as per the demand of the target audience by utilizing their understanding of social media algorithms. Experts in social media also write reports, monitor analytics, and produce advertisements. They frequently work with web developers, copywriters, social media influencers, and visual content creators. There are plenty of digital marketing manager jobs in the industry for you. 2. Social media marketing intern: A social media marketing internship is a good stepping stone for anyone looking to cement their place in the digital marketing world. Interns in social media marketing learn from senior marketing experts and help social media firms with their online advertising campaigns.  At the same time, they receive real-world experience. They can manage social media pages, conduct market research, evaluate advertising data, create advertising material, or manage advertising campaigns. 3. SEO (Search Engine Optimization) specialist: Knowledge of SEO is almost a must for a career in digital marketing. The work of an SEO specialist is to ensure that websites rank higher in SERP (search engine result pages).  They optimize the website by analyzing the websites of competitor companies, assessing previously published content on the website, and finding out which keywords are being used more by people when they search. Proper SEO optimization will ensure a spike in website traffic as more people will visit their website to find content. SEO experts may also speed up website loading times and improve user experience by utilizing their expertise in various operating systems, hardware platforms, and programming languages. 4. Digital marketer: A brand’s internet advertising campaigns are managed by digital marketers. They are capable of running e-commerce websites, e-mail newsletters, social media channels, and webpages. Being a digital marketer can help you make progress in leaps and bounds in your digital marketing career path.  Developing successful long-term campaigns and short-term ads that align with the overall goals of the brand is the main objective of a digital marketer. Some of these goals are increasing website traffic Increasing brand exposure, and generating sales. Digital marketers track purchasing patterns and website traffic using digital analytics. 5. Photographer: When people talk about digital marketing jobs for freshers, you will rarely hear about photography when it is, in fact, a very important part of digital marketing. Photographers are frequently hired by digital marketing firms to assist them in creating visual content for social media platforms, websites, and advertisements.  Photographers can specialize in a variety of subjects, such as food photography, lifestyle photography, product photography, portrait photography, and event photography. Photographers retouch their best photos and share the final content with clients or other members of their digital marketing agency for use in advertising campaigns. 6. Graphic designer: A graphic designer’s main responsibility is to ensure that your branding is impactful, clear, and consistent. They create images for use in advertisements, social media platforms, and websites. Customers frequently form an opinion of a brand based on the initial impressions they get from the images created by graphic designers. They collaborate with advertising agencies as either freelancers or employees. They often sketch their ideas on paper prior to changing those to a digital format. The designers use various software available in the market to create distinct color schemes, fonts, and design shapes to represent a business. 7. Social media influencer: Digital marketing experts with a massive number of followers across various social and digital media platforms are known as social media influencers. In return for payment, they collaborate with brands to advertise their goods and services online. Social media influencers produce textual, visual, and video content that highlights goods and services that their followers would find interesting to buy. After that, they keep tabs on the analytics for every promotional post and report back to the brands they work with. Social media influencers and brands can also collaborate to develop online paid advertising campaigns. 8. Digital marketing analyst: One of the most common online marketing jobs is working as a digital marketing analyst. They estimate the demand for particular types of goods and services by studying consumer behavior and market trends. They evaluate competitors’ product offerings and promotional strategies, analyze sales figures, and compare the costs of products. They also use statistical software to examine all the data they have gathered. Marketing analysts transform the data into graphs and other graphics after identifying significant trends. Their final role boils down to communicating this information to marketing team members and corporate executives. 9. Project manager: From the first planning stage to the last implementation, project managers supervise every phase of a project. In a digital marketing career, they might create campaign plans, work with content creators, and assign assignments to other members of the marketing team. They can even monitor analytics and provide reports to determine the successful components of each campaign. In addition, project managers set deadlines, keep an eye on advertising expenditures, and stay in constant contact with clients to give them information. They can be in charge of onboarding new team members and making sure they are aware of the demands of each client. Copywriter: Copywriters provide written content for a variety of marketing products, such as emails, blogs, digital ads, websites, and social media posts. For each campaign they work on, they research the target audience to determine what kind of content they would find appealing. Copywriters collaborate with their clients to choose the right writing style and tone of voice. To build eye-catching and convincing marketing campaigns, they frequently collaborate with web developers, graphic designers, advertising specialists, and photographers. Videographer: Videographers use cameras to capture events and marketing content. They can record commercials, educational films, interviews, presentations, live events, and behind-the-scenes videos. Videographers frequently edit the video to produce content for various digital platforms, including social media channels and websites. They frequently collaborate with graphic designers, social media experts, creative directors, and other marketing experts to produce videos that complement a business’s online identity and brand How to start your digital marketing career? You are probably wondering how you can start your digital marketing career. Since digital marketing requires a lot of transferable skills, a nice place to start is by learning a few skills useful for digital marketing. Honing your skills can set you on the right route down your career in digital marketing. If you have a degree or a skill in web development, marketing management, designing and copywriting, then you already have a few skills which can be used in digital marketing. A good way to boost your exposure is by creating your personal brand and building a portfolio to develop your own digital presence.  When you create your brand, you are most likely going to try to stay on top of the trends. This will help you understand how trends work and you will get a lot of information about trends like AI or virtual reality. Try to understand how these trends can bring a change in the marketing department. Keep your Facebook page or other social media pages consistent with your skill set so that they will adequately display your skills publicly. Remember to advertise yourself. You can join Facebook groups of similar interests or start your blog on Medium.  Next up, you can take a proper course or career path to give your skill a proper accreditation. While degrees, diplomas and certificates are not always mandatory in the digital marketing field, it can give you a huge boost in the long run. Here are a few career paths that one can take to boost your career in digital marketing: Digital Marketing Free courses to Learn Influencer marketing free course Introduction to advertising free course Influencer marketing right free course SEO basics free course SEM basics free course Email marketing free course Social media marketing introduction free course How to leverage user generated content free course Content marketing free course Fundamentals of marketing free course Brand marketing masterclass free course Conclusion A career in digital marketing is highly lucrative if you play your cards right. You need to keep your learning spirit active and you should always aim high. Never be complacent when you are opting for a career in digital marketing – you will always have room to improve. A digital marketing career is dynamic with new job opportunities popping by every day. It helps to keep us on our toes and therefore presents a new window to work on a daily basis. There are also several courses in the Digital Marketing field that are growing by the minute. Do check out which related digital marketing career is suitable for you and aim to fly high!  If you are curious to get into the world of digital marketing, check out upGrad & MICA’s Advanced Certificate in Digital Marketing & Communication. You can also check out Certification in Digital Marketing from IIT Delhi. IIT Delhi is one of the top institutes in India and also one of the oldest IIT’s and is always excelled in giving highly industry-relevant courses, Now IIT Delhi has partnered with upGrad to get these top IIT Delhi courses online. They have a variety of other programs like Machine Learning, Executive Management Programme in Strategic Innovation, Digital Marketing and Business Analytics etc. Popular Digital Marketing Blogs Beginners Guide to YouTube Marketing : Complete List How to Monetize Your YouTube Channel? Top 5 Actionable Steps The Complete Guide on setting up a LinkedIn Company Page Everything You Need To Know About Digital Marketing A Complete Guide to Digital Marketing Strategy: What it is and How to create it? Digital Marketing Tutorial: A Step-by-Step Guide To Become an Expert Future of Digital Marketing: How It Goes From Here Importance of Digital Marketing: Top 10 Reasons Your Business Needs it Digital Marketing Challenges: How to Win Amidst the Challenges in Digital Marketing
Read More

by Sriram

11 Feb 2024

Python Developer Salary in India in 2024 [For Freshers & Experienced]
Blogs
906264
Wondering what is the range of Python developer salary in India? Before going deep into that, do you know why Python is so popular now? Python has been taking the world of programming by storm since the last decade, and with each passing year, it is only growing in popularity. Surprisingly, the language is 3-decades old and has even surpassed ‘traditional languages’ such as Java, C# and PHP.  According to the 2019’s StackOverflow’s Developer Survey, Python is the 2nd most loved programming language in the world. As a result of its versatile nature, it has become one of the most high-in-demand technologies around the world. As a result, a Python developer’s salary in India is significantly higher than those who are working with legacy web-development languages as mentioned above. Having data science certification from a recognized institute can improve your salary. We are sure, this must-have sparked a will to become a Python programmer within you! Let’s take a look at who exactly is a Python developer and what is a typical python programmer’s salary in India? Who is a Python Developer & What Do They Do? A Python developer is a software engineer or programmer who specializes in writing, maintaining, and optimizing applications using the Python programming language. Python is a popular high-level, general-purpose programming language known for its simplicity, readability, and versatility. It is widely used in various fields, such as web development, data science, artificial intelligence, machine learning, automation, scripting, and more. Python developers typically have a strong understanding of Python’s syntax, libraries, frameworks, and best practices. They are proficient in using various Python tools and technologies to build robust, scalable, and efficient applications. Depending on their area of expertise, they may focus on different aspects of Python development, such as backend development using web frameworks like Django or Flask, data manipulation and analysis with libraries like NumPy and Pandas, or developing machine learning models with tools like TensorFlow or PyTorch. In addition to their Python skills, a Python developer may also be familiar with related technologies like databases, front-end development, version control systems (e.g., Git), and cloud services. They collaborate with other team members, such as front-end developers, data scientists, and DevOps engineers, to deliver complete solutions or projects. Python Developers are usually in charge of designing, coding software applications with the help of Python language. Primary responsibilities of Python developers are writing code for backend, debug the errors and integrate. Python developers have been working on web development and data analysis for some time now but the relatively recent machine learning is effectively utilizing Python developers to make applications. Python developers salaries in India have increased dramatically after Data Science came into the picture. So, the demand for Python developers is growing with their salaries. Read: Python Developer Skills Python Developers Salary in India: Why it’s so high? According to Forbes article about AI Skills among the most in-demand for 2020, Python tops the list. Industry leaders like Google, NASA, YouTube, Amazon, Instagram, Facebook, IBM, Netflix uses Python and more and more companies are adopting Python which increases the demand and salary for Python developers. Creators, Problem Solvers, Innovators: The Various Sub-species of Python Developers  According to SlashData, There are 8.2 million developers who use Python in the world and 7.6 million developers who use Java. Python developers are growing in numbers every day. A High Paying Salary and a Bright Future in Python Here are some reasons why pursuing a career in Python can offer a high-paying salary and a bright future: High demand: Python is widely used in fields such as web development, data science, artificial intelligence, machine learning, automation, and more. As companies increasingly adopt digital solutions and data-driven strategies, the demand for Python developers has soared. Versatility: Python is known for its versatility, making it applicable to a wide range of projects and domains. Whether it’s building web applications, analyzing data, or developing cutting-edge AI systems, Python is an excellent choice. Data science and machine learning: Python has become the language of choice for data scientists and machine learning practitioners. Popular libraries like NumPy, Pandas, Scikit-learn, and TensorFlow enable efficient data analysis and modeling, which are essential skills in today’s data-driven world. Automation and scripting: Python is widely used for automating repetitive tasks and writing scripts. This is particularly valuable in IT operations, system administration, and software testing, leading to increased demand for Python automation experts. Startups and tech companies: Python’s ease of use and rapid development capabilities have made it a favorite among startups and tech companies. Joining such companies can lead to exciting and well-paying opportunities. Community and resources: Python has a large and active community of developers, which means there are plenty of resources, libraries, and frameworks available for learning and building projects. Remote work opportunities: Python development often allows for remote work, providing flexibility and opportunities to work with global clients and companies. Read: Why Python is widely popular among developers? Python developers come in various roles and forms. Given below are some of them- Explore our Popular Data Science Courses Executive Post Graduate Programme in Data Science from IIITB Professional Certificate Program in Data Science for Business Decision Making Master of Science in Data Science from University of Arizona Advanced Certificate Programme in Data Science from IIITB Professional Certificate Program in Data Science and Business Analytics from University of Maryland Data Science Courses Python Developers Job Roles Data Scientists Data science is basically statistics implemented through programming. Alongside R, Python has also shown its mettle in sorting out data as per generic as well as specific requirements. As far as India is concerned, Python programmers for data science earn more than both software developers as well as DevOps programmers. The reason for this is that data collection, data cleaning and processing is becoming very common nowadays as companies need data to gather market and customer information.  This requires a niche of Python programmers who are specially trained in the collection and processing of data through libraries like NumPy and Pandas. Data scientists are in high demand in major metros like Delhi-NCR and Mumbai and emerging cities such as Pune and Bangalore.  Responsibilities of Data Scientists Gathering vast amounts of structured and unstructured data and converting them into actionable insights. Identifying the data-analytics solutions that hold the most significant potential to drive the growth of organisations. Using analytical techniques like text analytics, machine learning, and deep learning to analyse data, thereby unravelling hidden patterns and trends. Encouraging data-driven approach to solving complex business problems. Cleansing and validating data to optimise data accuracy and efficacy. Communicating all the productive observations and findings to the company stakeholders via data visualisation. Must read: Data structures and algorithms free course! Data Scientists Salary Range in India The average data scientists salary is ₹698,413. An entry-level data scientist can earn around ₹500,000 per annum with less than one year of experience. Early level data scientists with 1 to 4 years experience get around ₹610,811 per annum. Our learners also read: Free excel courses! A mid-level data scientist with 5 to 9 years experience earns ₹1,004,082 per annum in India. As your experience and skills grow, your earnings rise dramatically as senior-level data scientists around more than ₹1,700,000 a year in India! Source: payscale.com Software Developer As a software developer using Python, your core responsibility involves helping build applications from the ground up – right from gathering initial client requirements to coding the back-end logic, integrating smooth interfaces, exhaustive testing for bugs, and finally rolling out the finished product. For this, you can get better python salary in India. A typical day sees you translating software specifications into robust and efficient Python code that scales reliably. This back-end coding means enabling key computational functions so the software delivers on business needs and getting python developer salary. You’ll collaborate closely with front-end developers who code the UI faces customers see, to ensure seamless data flow between interfaces and business logic powered in Python running behind the scenes. As a Python developer, you leverage and bolster frameworks like Django and Flask to accelerate development and ensure best practices get incorporated along the way, which will be helping you to get python programmer salary in India. The ultimate goal, across the understand-design-code test cycle remains delivering an overall software product future-proof to needs leveraging Python’s versatility, speed and community backing, which will get a job for fresher, and one can be earning python fresher salary in India. As a Python developer, you leverage and bolster frameworks like Django and Flask to accelerate development and ensure best practices get incorporated along the way. The ultimate goal, across the understand-design-code test cycle remains delivering an overall software product future-proof to needs leveraging Python’s versatility, speed and community backing. Responsibilities of Software Developer Translate software specifications and requirements into robust, efficient Python code. Build back-end components and integrate front-end elements to enable software capabilities, with a handsome python programmer salary. Write unit tests to ensure functions exhibit desired behaviour and meet expected outcomes. Perform code reviews, debugging and optimization to enhance software quality. Document code and architecture decisions for future maintenance Collaborate across teams, including product managers and end-users, for feedback and insights into solution priorities. Select appropriate data structures, interfaces and algorithms balancing tradeoffs like security, performance, scalability, etc., based on the use case. Combine Python frameworks like Django, Flask or FastAPI with compatible front-end tech to deliver full-stack solutions. Software Developer Salary Range in India The average salary for a python developer salary in india with Python skills ranges from ₹5 – 15 lakhs per annum, covering both junior to senior levels as there is high demand of python jobs with python programming job salary. Entry-level python salary in india can expect starting salaries of around ₹3 lakhs annually, going up to ₹5 lakhs with 2-3 years of experience. The pay scale of python developer salary for freshers rises with specialized expertise and higher qualifications. DevOps Engineer A DevOps Engineer builds and maintains infrastructure, enabling faster and smoother software delivery by bridging development and operations. Python’s versatility makes it a common choice for automating cloud, infrastructure or CI/CD components underpinning modern deployment architectures, enhancing average salary of python developer in india DevOps Engineers code Python scripts to dynamically provision or decommission infrastructure on demand for development/testing environments using IaC tools like Ansible, Terraform, etc. Python proficiency allows the creation of deployment pipelines and workflows around version control, build/test automation and release management with enhanced python full stack developer salary in India. Other responsibilities include instrumentation to monitor/analyze performance, usage for fine-tuning and ensuring infrastructure security. Responsibilities of a DevOps Developer or python jobs salary Automate infrastructure provisioning and cloud orchestration using Python scripts and IaC tools like Terraform Continuously monitor and analyze systems performance using Python for optimization. Create CI/CD pipelines for building, testing and automating application deployments. Design deployment workflows and version control hooks to promote release consistency Instrument code and infrastructure for observability into metrics like uptime, latency, capacity, etc. Configure containers and container management systems like Docker and Kubernetes for execution Implement security hardening of networks, systems and pipelines based on internal protocols. DevOps Developer Salary Range in India DevOps Engineers or python jobs salary earn attractive remuneration owing to the high demand for automation, cloud and reliability skills. Freshers with some hands-on can expect around ₹5 lakh per annum, rising to ₹9 lakhs yearly with 3-4 years of experience. Candidates with over 5 years of experience skilled in advanced cloud-native stacks can earn ₹10-18 lakhs annually. Here you go, learn python online free! Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are mere umbrella terms for a number of applications that are applied across disciplines and technologies. They also involve  robotics, data analytics, web development, developing chatbots, intelligent application development and much more.  Since late 2017, AI and ML have taken the nation by storm. Frameworks such as OpenCV, PyTorch, and TensorFlow have become buzzwords for today’s AI/ML enthusiasts.  Responsibilities of a Machine Learning Engineer To study and convert data science prototypes. To design and develop Machine Learning systems and schemes. To perform statistical analysis and fine-tune models using test results. To find available datasets online for training purposes. To train and re-train ML systems and models as and when necessary. To extend and enrich existing ML frameworks and libraries. To develop Machine Learning apps according to customer/client requirements. To research, experiment with, and implement suitable ML algorithms and tools. To analyze the problem-solving capabilities and use-cases of ML algorithms and rank them by their success probability. Salary of a Machine Learning Engineer in India The average annual salary of a machine learning engineer is ₹671,548.  Machine learning engineer with less than 1 year experience earns around ₹500,000 per annum which is clearly one of the highest entry-level salaries in India. Early level machine learning engineers charge ₹672,106 per annum, obviously, depending on their skillset, location and demand. The average salary of a mid-level engineer is ₹1,173,074 per annum. If they think that’s great, you will find the salary of senior-level engineers (more than 10 years experience) inspiring as they earn more than 2 million rupees per annum.   Source: payscale.com Web Developers Web development is never going out of demand. Web development requires robust and flexible languages, and Python fits the bill. Frameworks like Django and Flask have helped create amazing web applications that have stood the test of time and user load.  As a result, the demand for Django and Flask developers is rapidly growing and the development market is seeing a large migration from the PHP/.NET region towards Python. The high package of a Django web developer is an example of a typical Python developer’s salary. According to estimates by Glassdoor.in, the average salary of a Python programmer in India in website development is around ₹ 43,504 per month. This differs from region to region. Python Web Developer Salary in India Average web developer annual salary in India is ₹309,161, for experience between 1 to 4 years. For an Entry-level web developer, with the experience range lesser than 1 year, the average salary is ₹225,076 per year. These numbers vary widely with a change in location, for instance, a Python developer fresher salary in Ahmedabad can be a bit lesser than the one offered in Bangalore which holds a higher job opportunities. For senior-level web developers, the average annual salary (10 to 19 years experience), goes up to ₹1,000,000 per annum. Source: payscale.com 3 Key Reasons You Should Learn Python 1. Efficiency There is so much that you can get done with Python, and that too within a simple snippet of code. Instead of creating complicated loops, you can use regular expressions. There are just so many resources that make any Python application easy to write and understand, which is in stark contrast to what you get with other programming languages. This includes all fields like data visualization, machine learning, and web development. 2. Python is easy to learn Perhaps, simplicity is one of the most common reasons why Python is becoming one of the most preferred languages in India. Concepts such as loops, conditions, functions, and other such technical parts are easier to learn as compared to learning them in C++, the most basic of all Object-oriented Programming Languages. 3. Python is also used in academia Python is now being taught in the computer science curriculum in schools and colleges. As a result, learning the language becomes easier right from the beginning. The existence of Python as a development language has gradually gained traction and, thus, entered various industries. Also, Python is being used in universities for research and development in disciplines such as Robotics and Artificial Intelligence Systems. 4. Python is highly flexible and extensible A key highlight developers love about Python involves the simplicity with which code can get extended and interconnected across pieces like building blocks owing to Python’s emphasis on object-oriented programming, readability and modularity, for python developer fresher salary. The extensive standard library coupled with multitudes of specialized libraries for needs by simply importing modules makes solutions highly configurable – spanning use cases like quickly scripting a dashboard visualizing supply chain analytics to architecting a scalable microservices web platform powering an e-commerce business, which is an opportunity with high python full stack developer salary in India. 5. Python has a library to cater to your every need. The ubiquitous presence and maturation of standardized libraries for needs ranging from automation, analytics and data visualization to cutting edge AI research has cemented Python’s popularity globally. Over 150,000 readily usable Python libraries on centralized repositories like PyPI spare developers for reinventing the wheel; instead, they can simply import targeted functionality with a single line of code and hit the ground coding applications in no time, leveraging community wisdom coded into packages like Numpy, SciPy, Pandas, Matplotlib catering from science to engineering use cases or niche vertical needs. 6. Python makes web development a breeze Python’s extensive web frameworks like Django and Flask simulate drag-and-drop components enabling developers to stitch dynamic databases and front-end code with back-end business logic glued together by Python scripts serving request-response cycles in no time without convoluted code setups – granting precious time for honing application functionality rather than build intricacies. The smooth on-ramp coupled with scalability for heaviest traffic sites like YouTube or Dropbox, keeps Python a darling for hobbyist weekend programmers and expert web architects alike. 7. There’s plenty for Data Visualization Python’s data analysis and visualization capabilities make insightful dashboarding accessible without needing niche proprietary tools or coding expertise. Simple wrappers using Matplotlib, Plotly, Seaborn or Bokeh allow stunning interactive charts, enabling decision-makers easily monitor key business metrics visually. Adoption ease also allows non-programmers like business analysts picked up Python for enriching reports, elevating access to impactful data interpretations. 8. Python comes with numerous testing frameworks Mission-critical code depends on exhaustive testing frameworks like UnitTest or PyTest that ship out-of-the-box alongside the Python distribution itself, making testability and resilience first-class citizens when engineering software systems, unlike niche languages focusing solely on functionality. These batteries-included testing modules, coupled with Python’s inherent readability for requirements traceability, bolster quality assurance – explaining its embrace for startups building advanced analytics or robotics systems where innovation velocity and correctness carry equal priority.  9. Python is great for scripting and backed by an active community. Python gives working software in minutes, catering to automating mundane tasks, protein folding simulations or data pipelines for business insights alike without ceremonious coding setups – endearing it to veterans and hobbyists who value both productivity and joy in engineering world-class solutions. Globally, it is the most taught first language at universities while Python conferences Host tens of thousands of practitioners sharing expertise across domains thanks to its readable syntax and ubiquity spanning systems programming to quantum computing alike. Watch our Webinar on How to Build Digital & Data Mindset document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/webinar-on-building-digital-and-data-mindset.mp4   A High Paying Salary and a Bright Future in Python: Some Key Stats The career opportunities in Python, as well as the salary structure in Python, go hand in hand. Naturally, the scope for Python is very high. The salaries for a Python developer are high, not just in India, but also in countries like the UK and the US since Python is the fastest-growing programming language in these countries. The average salary of a Python developer in India with 2 to 4 years of experience is around ₹5 lakh, whereas that of a Ruby developer (comparing to Ruby since it is touted as potential competition to Python) is ₹4.48 lakh. On the other hand, a Python programmer’s salary in Germany, around 48,458 Euros. Coming to Canada, the same will fetch you around Ca $99,581, which is actually triple to that of the median wage in Canada.  Going by the above stats, we can say that the career of a Python developer with decent experience is stable and fetches an attractive income.  Check out all trending Python tutorial concepts in 2024 Factors Affecting Python Developer Salary in India Python Developer salary in India can be affected by multiple factors. Let’s see some primary salary affecting factors: Experience Location Job Role Skillset Python Developer Salary Based on Experience Let’s see how Python developer salary in India varies based on experience. Entry-Level Python Developer Salary The average salary of entry-level Python developer salary in India is ₹427,293. Mid-Level Python Developer Salary The average salary of a mid-level Python developer salary in India is ₹909,818. Experienced Python Developer Salary The average salary of an experienced Python developer salary in India is ₹1,150,000. Let’s see how the salary increases with experience:   Source Python Developer Salary Based on Location Gurgoan is becoming the dream city for Python developers with the highest – ₹700,717. Bangalore – The Silicon Valley of India pays ₹669,787 to Python developers. Hyderabad pays the least with  ₹475,000 and Pune & Chennai pays  ₹540K to Python developers. While Python developer fresher salary in Ahmedabad can range from anywhere between ₹1-7 lakhs per annum further depending on skills.  Location Average Salary Bangalore ₹669,787 Chennai ₹540,131 Mumbai ₹579,728 Delhi ₹600,000 Hyderabad ₹475,000 Pune ₹540,131 Gurgoan ₹700,717 Source: payscale.com Python developers from Gurgoan & Bangalore earn 26% & 21% more than the rest of India respectively.  Chennai, Pune and Hyderabad are among the lowest-paying cities for the Python developers in India. Python Developer Salary Based on Job Role There are multiple roles Python developers play in Information Technology like Data Scientist, Machine Learning Engineer, DevOps Engineer, Web Developer, etc. Let’s have a look at their average annual salary in India based on their roles. Source Software Engineer average annual salary:  ₹502,609 Web Developer average annual salary: ₹307,800 Data Scientist average annual salary: ₹708,012 DevOps Engineer average annual salary: ₹658,143 Machine Learning Engineer average annual salary: ₹671,548 Python Developer Salary Based on Skillset When Python developers have knowledge of other skills, it increases their salary accordingly. CV Compiler has conducted research about the skillset which are in-demand. Python full stack developer salary increases and decreases according to these skill sets.  Source: CV Compiler So, when Python developers increase their skills in the above-mentioned languages, their demand and salary will rise exponentially. Also, how strong you are with the Python tools plays a vital role in your selection process. Python Developer Salary on Other Countries US: Python developers average annual salary is $117,000. Source UK: Python developers average annual salary is £67,000. Source Future Scope of Python in India Python language has become increasingly popular in the last few years. It has enabled the developers to create unique applications that are interactive in nature and gather the interest of the customers. This has also affected the python full stack developer salary. Big data, machine learning, and computer science are rapidly gaining traction in India, one of the world’s fastest-growing economies. Since Python is adaptable, it is popular in India. Its simplicity has also made it popular in the analytics industry. The use of Python in various industries, such as healthcare and retail, offers a variety of career opportunities for python programmers. With the advancement of AI and machine learning in India, Python’s acceptance will grow more widely. This will also help developers gain a good amount of experience, and the full stack python developer salary will be according to their experience.  Programming languages such as Python are widely used to create systems and applications. The Python programming language simplifies the tasks of major companies and search engine giants. In order to address their challenging programming problems, Google, Facebook, Quora, and Yahoo. use Python programming. Due to this, it is important that you develop your ideas in Python as soon as possible.  Skills required to become a successful Python programmer Expertise in Python is not easy to attain. This also affects a full stack Python developer salary. Although it requires advanced ideas and skills, it is a process that takes time. Here are the skillsets that you will require to become a successful python programmer –  Core Python Proficiency  You need a solid foundation in core python programming to be able to gain from its benefits. You need to comprehend all kinds of data structures so that you can handle all situations at all times. This will help you get better jobs and better Python jobs salary. Understanding the Python Framework One of the main advantages is that Python has the largest number of libraries accessible. However, to work in the industry as a Python developer, you need to be an expert in them. You should also be familiar with Python frameworks to get a better Python jobs salary. Understanding of Data Structures and Algorithms A solid grasp of foundational data structures like arrays, hashes, trees, stacks, etc, allows Python developers to store efficiently and access program information based on optimization tradeoffs around lookup speed, memory needs and code flexibility. Additionally, fluency in techniques like recursive algorithms, bitwise operations, and complexity analysis strengthens problem-solving abilities. Database Knowledge Virtually all programs create, store, update and query information permanently beyond application lifetimes. Python developers need a working grasp of both SQL and NoSQL databases to build versatile data persistence layers. Python maximizes utility via native integration with nearly all database types like MySQL, MongoDB, Cassandra, DynamoDB and Postgres – facilitating smooth data pipeline development for apps via Python SQL libraries like  SQLAlchemy. Understanding database design aspects like normalization vs denormalization, optimizing queries, indexing appropriately and securing data access enables crafting structured or unstructured data platforms as needed for use-cases like analytics, transactions or stream processing. Version Control Systems Expertise in leveraging version control systems like Git, Mercurial, or SVN is imperative for Python developers to track code changes, maintain history, and enable collaboration with other developers. When containerised, Python code integrates natively with version control to maintain builds, deployments and infrastructure state. Through branching strategies, pull requests and distributed version control mechanisms; Python teams organise collaboration at massive scales leveraging GitHub or BitBucket. Automation workflows around testing, integration and deployment also interplay closely with version control systems today. Combining Python and version control mastery helps businesses quickly orchestrate changes consistently and securely. Front-End Technologies For holistic full-stack development beyond just backend logic, Python programmers need working exposure on front-end layers dealing with UI and UX. Basic understanding of HTML/CSS and JavaScript allows Python developers to supplement robust back-end application APIs and logic with presentation tiers and visual interfaces for end-user interactions. Increasing use of frameworks like React also warrants awareness for enhanced responsiveness and dynamic experiences. Even server-side templating languages like Jinja2 in Python assist in binding data seamlessly from backend Python code into templates for front-end rendering. With Python capable of handling full-stack, versatility across layers unlocks user-friendly development. Testing and Debugging With widespread Python adoption in mission-critical use cases, rigorous testing and debugging represent non-negotiable best practices for Python developers aiming to build resilient software. Disciplined application of test-driven principles leveraging Python’s extensive in-built testing tools like unit test minimizes regressions and unintended consequences even as software complexity and collaborating teams grow manifold. Other imperative skills include fluency in techniques like white box testing, behavioural testing, performance benchmarking, mocks, test case parameterization and exception handling that boost quality assurance. The stakes remain high in fields like financial trading platforms or industrial controls where both velocity and precision carry equal priority – objectives fulfilled by Python thanks to its versatility and testing rigor capabilities. How to prepare for Python interviews to land the best jobs Python coders are in great demand, thus, if you want to get an interview with a top tech company, you must shine in Python coding interviews. Jobs for Python developers have increased over the past several years as a result of its adoption by some of the biggest organizations in the world, such as Netflix and PayPal, in a variety of coding contexts, from games to online apps. To test the limits of cutting-edge technologies like data science, data analysis, AI, natural language processing, and machine learning, they recruit Python engineers. The Python coding interview questions listed here can assist you in planning if you’re preparing for a technical Python interview. Discover the qualities that employers want in Python developers, as well as the top advice for beating the competition. This information might be useful if you are getting ready for a technical interview for a software engineer, tech lead, engineering manager role, or software developer. You must be knowledgeable about the major web frameworks, multi-process architecture, and object-relational mappers, to establish yourself as an excellent candidate. You may have an advantage over all other applicants if you have expertise in other programming languages such as Java, experience with network management, scripting, creating data storage solutions, and other talents that recruiters feel are useful to the organisation.  Salaries of Other Software Related Roles Compared to Python Let’s look at the average salaries of other software related roles compared to Python developer salary in India. Ruby on Rails Developer average annual salary in India:  ₹471,015 Java Developer average annual salary in India: ₹507,714 Perl Developer average annual salary in India: ₹683,140 C++ Developer average annual salary in India: ₹452,227 Front end Developer average annual salary in India: ₹490,385 .Net Developer average annual salary in India: ₹413,145 PHP developer average annual salary in India: ₹287,651 Python Developer average annual salary in India: ₹555,776 Source: payscale.com Read our popular Data Science Articles Data Science Career Path: A Comprehensive Career Guide Data Science Career Growth: The Future of Work is here Why is Data Science Important? 8 Ways Data Science Brings Value to the Business Relevance of Data Science for Managers The Ultimate Data Science Cheat Sheet Every Data Scientists Should Have Top 6 Reasons Why You Should Become a Data Scientist A Day in the Life of Data Scientist: What do they do? Myth Busted: Data Science doesn’t need Coding Business Intelligence vs Data Science: What are the differences? To Summarize the Whole Discussion No wonder that Python is growing by leaps and bounds, and that it is finding a great utility in all sorts of applications and fields. This utility, in turn, is further fueling the need for Python. If you are one of those programmers/developers who think they are stuck in a dead-end programming job, this is your opportunity to make it big by learning Python. So, be it web development with Django/Flask or data science with Pandas and NumPy, Python is going to fetch you significantly higher pay. We hope you liked our article on Python developer salary in India. These numbers above are not set in stone. The real influencer of your salary is the skills you have,  the mastery you have attained over them, and how quickly you grow and make the company grow as well. If you are reading this article, most likely you have ambitions towards becoming a Python developer. If you’re interested to learn python & want to get your hands dirty on various tools and libraries, check out IIIT-B & upGrad’s Executive PG Programme in Data Science.
Read More

by Sriram

11 Feb 2024

Top 12 Commerce Project Topics & Ideas in 2024 [For Freshers]
Blogs
391136
Summary: In this article, you will learn the Top 10 Commerce Project Topics & Ideas. Take a glimpse below. Topic 1: Impact of Outsourcing Material Availability Decision-Making Topic 2: Enhancing Employee Performance Through Monetary Incentives Topic 3: Outsourcing Human Resource in Beverage and Food Firms Topic 4: Role of E-Commerce in Reducing Operational Cost Topic 5: Reducing Unemployment Through a Co-Operative Movement Topic 6: An Analysis of the Downside of Co-Operative Thrift and Credit Society Topic 7: Analysis of the Role of Insurance Companies in Driving Growth of SMEs Topic 8: Implications of Globalization on National Security Topic 9: Exploring the Significance of Commerce in Today’s World Topic 10: The Significance of E-Commerce in Emerging Markets Topic 11: Public Sector bank’s future in the country Topic 12: Impact of Covid on Indian Economy Read the full article to know more about the project Ideas & Topics in detail. Commerce is fundamental to the success of any business. To streamline trading operations and maintain profits, the industry must focus on commerce, which deals with a lot more than just selling and buying. As the world is digitizing, eCommerce solutions are increasingly becoming common. The advent of machine learning and AI has further enhanced the effectiveness of eCommerce. While the world is moving fast, it is important to upskill ourselves to get the edge over the competitors. upGrad offers some of the best free courses for working professionals to compete in the market.  Why is Commerce important? With the global economy projected to achieve the US$100 trillion milestone in 2022, it is not surprising that commerce has established itself as a vital stream. So, whether you are deciding on your 6th sem project topics, writing a dissertation on online shopping project topics, or compiling a “Project topics for commerce students” pdf, you will have to consider the role of commerce in the real world. As a society, most of our activities revolve around buying and selling goods and services. At some level, we are all economic actors. Right at this very moment, you must be reading this article on a gadget you bought from a retailer. It’s next to impossible to not depend on the market for our needs today.  In fact, as a Commerce graduate, you will have to depend on the market as a salaried employee, a business owner, or an entrepreneur. You will have to sell your services or products to buy other services and products. In some capacity, commerce will become a part of your life.  The business of buying and selling is at the heart of commerce. As a student of commerce, this view of commerce would be an over-simplification. If you were to browse articles related to commerce stream or look up commerce topics for presentation, you would come across a diversity of topics. The discipline covers a multitude of subjects beyond just buying and selling activities, such as accounting, labor relations, supply chain management, and financial markets.  Whether you are taking a micro or macro-view, trade and commerce play a role in our everyday lives as members of a household, community, nation, or the world. You might pick up a newspaper article telling you about global inflation- there is commerce involved.  Further, with globalization and the advancement of technology, world commerce has transformed. And commerce as a discipline has had to evolve with these shifts and will continue to do so. For example, online shopping project topics exploring the role of digital technology and the impact of globalization on economies is one of the more popular commerce topics for presentation.  As it directly or indirectly impacts a large section of the world population, e-commerce is a notable topic of discussion amongst graduate and post-graduate students of commerce. Working on projects to find solutions to trade-related issues, and explore operational challenges, among others is an important part of their curriculum.  Given the vast pool of trending commerce project ideas, it may be difficult to choose a topic for your project. Commerce encompasses various business domains, with trade and selling being the pertinent ones. You require deep analysis and understanding to pick a topic that serves your interests and career goals. If analytics is your forte, and if you want to hone your skills, consider pursuing our business analytics certificate designed specifically for analytics aspirants. In this article, we have compiled a list of interesting and innovative commerce project ideas to help you with your project. Irrespective of the topic you choose for your final project, you stand to gain immense knowledge and expertise to leverage exciting career opportunities.  How to Choose a Good Project Topic for the Commerce Project? Choosing a topic for your m.com final year project topics is a crucial decision that requires careful consideration and no doubt guidance. The right topic can make your project engaging, insightful, and valuable. So, keeping the above points in mind, here are some points to help you select a Trending project topics for commerce students for your project: – Interest and Passion Always choose that topic in which you have great interest. The reason being when you have interest in the subject, you will give your 100% making it more enjoyable and likely resulting in a better outcome. Relevance to Commerce Ensure that the topic is directly related to commerce. It could be a current trend, an emerging issue, or a classic concept you want to explore in depth. Narrow and Focused A broad topic can be overwhelming and challenging to cover in depth. So, narrow down your focus to a specific aspect or sub-topic within commerce. For example, instead of “Global E-Commerce Trends,” you could focus on “The Impact of Social Media on Online Retail Sales.” Originality and Uniqueness While some topics are popular and well-studied, try to bring a unique perspective or angle to your chosen topic. Look for gaps in existing research or areas that haven’t been explored extensively. Feasibility Consider the availability of resources, data, and information related to your chosen topic. Ensure you can access enough credible sources to support your research and analysis. Practical Application Choose a topic that has real-world relevance and application. Consider how your findings could be applied in business settings or how they might address a practical issue. Current and Emerging Trends Topics related to current trends, technological advancements, or emerging practices in commerce tend to capture attention. They showcase your ability to stay updated with the industry. Alignment with Learning Objectives Review your course or program objectives. Your project should align with the key concepts you’ve learned and demonstrate your understanding. Market Analysis If applicable, conduct a preliminary market analysis to identify areas of commerce that require more attention or improvement. Addressing these gaps could lead to an impactful project. Consultation with Faculty/Advisors Discuss your ideas with your faculty members or project advisors. They can provide valuable insights, suggest modifications, and guide you toward a more refined topic. Feasibility of Data Collection If your project involves data collection, consider the ease of gathering data. Complex data collection processes might require more time and resources. Ethical Considerations Ensure that your chosen topic doesn’t raise ethical concerns. Commerce projects might involve sensitive data or controversial issues, so it’s important to approach them with ethical integrity. Cross-Disciplinary Approach Explore topics that intersect with other disciplines like economics, psychology, or technology. This can add depth and uniqueness to your project. Scalability While your project might be limited in scope, consider whether the topic has the potential for broader applications or research beyond your project. Audience Appeal Think about your target audience. Will your project be interesting and informative to your peers, instructors, and potentially even professionals in the field? Personal and Professional Growth Choose a project topics for commerce that fulfills academic requirements and contributes to personal and professional growth. Acquiring in-depth knowledge about a relevant topic can be valuable in your future career. Remember that the process of selecting a project topic is iterative. You might need to refine and narrow your ideas as you gather more information and feedback. Take your time, conduct thorough research, and select a topic that aligns with your interests, skills, and academic objectives. So let’s get started with the list! Interesting Commerce Projects & Ideas In any field, the end consumers are given top priority. Their choices, preferences, and demands are factors that form the basis of marketing strategies and manufacturing operations. It is evident that we are dependent on commerce to ensure this chain of processes runs smoothly.  If you are wondering what kind of commerce projects could bring you closer to your goals, here is a thought-out list of 8 projects that will not just familiarize you with the existing problems in commerce but also provide solutions. Furthermore, they will be a glowing addition to your resume and increase your chances of success in this all-encompassing field of commerce. To increase your resume weightage, doing a business-related course would be beneficial. For example, our business analytics certificate has 100+ hours of learning with case studies and live sessions aids you positive career growth.  Topic 1: Impact of Outsourcing Material Availability Decision-Making  Objective: To determine the criteria used while deciding to outsource material availability along with strategizing the outsourcing process. Outsourcing is a beneficial practice but at the same time, it poses a variety of challenges. Every industry seeks low labour cost, however, numerous other aspects require attention when outsourcing.  Although outsourcing is done at various levels, if you have a clear set of goals and strategies, more often than not, it will prove to be advantageous. It is important to understand that the performance of a company and its outsourced aspects do not have a connection because it does not impact the material availability directly.  Usually, two challenges are seen: the first one being, the time challenge, where the production process is slowed down due to unavailability of material and the second, more pressing financial challenge. Through this project, you can find solutions to both challenges.  Impacts of outsourcing- Affects delivery time Product quality Employee productivity Cost Benefits of outsourcing- Flexible staffing arrangement Better risk management Gain customer satisfaction  Increased efficiency Reduces labour cost Cost cutting Saves time Improves quality Helps in relieving workload Also read, Career options in science after graduation Topic 2: Enhancing Employee Performance Through Monetary Incentives Objective: To perceive the relationship between monetary incentive and employee performance. It is observed that bonuses ate fixed according to the employee’s performance, however, hard work being intangible is not considered. Therefore, it can be deduced that monetary incentives are independent of the performance, since the bonus and allowances are fixed according to a specific performance parameter. Moreover, the failure of a company’s promise to release the bonus on time also leads to dissatisfaction and demotivation among its employees.  On the other hand, companies can attain their target by quoting the performance bonus in advance, thereby, stimulating employees to perform more efficiently and proactively. This project will help you comprehend how effective monetary incentives are imperative to employee satisfaction and alleviating the attrition rate in the company.  Why are monetary incentives necessary? Rewards employees Profit sharing, partnerships, ESOPS, etc., increases the ownership attitude  Helps in acquiring quality talent Controls attrition  Increases employee satisfaction Increases employee engagement Improves organisation’s performance Types of monetary incentives- Bonuses ESOPS Rewards Commissions Added allowances payment Wage incentives Referral benefits Profit sharing Also read: Career options in medical Topic 3: Outsourcing Human Resource in Beverage and Food Firms Objective: To understand the implications of outsourcing human resource functions on organizational performance. This includes finding potential benefits and analyzing how it directly impacts employee performance and thought process. Not allocating the budget for the Human Resource department leaves companies with one option — outsourcing. This may have decreased the company’s liability for its employees, but it has not been very beneficial for those who seek a long term and focused career.  Outsourcing of human resources is usually undertaken to reduce costs for a company as well as bring productive resources onboard. However, neither of these parameters remain fulfilled in the long run. It is often observed that this leads to a disconnect in employees, which reflects in their attitudes as they then carry out assigned tasks irresponsibly. Outsourcing has also observed a high attrition rate among employees. This is especially common in the food and beverage industries, where the time-sensitive nature of commerce takes a toll on human resource professionals. Types of outsourcing- International & Domestic Onshore Nearshore Offshore Benefits of Outsourcing Human Resource in Beverage and Food Firms- Lower administration costs Cost effective Streamlining of important functions Program Management Employee satisfaction Provides additional services due to lower limitations Growth  Flexible  Payroll Management Digital Marketing Free courses to Learn Influencer marketing free course Introduction to advertising free course Influencer marketing right free course SEO basics free course SEM basics free course Email marketing free course Social media marketing introduction free course How to leverage user generated content free course Content marketing free course Fundamentals of marketing free course Brand marketing masterclass free course Topic 4: Role of E-Commerce in Reducing Operational Cost Objective: To evaluate how e-commerce aids the reduction of functional costs by making a comparative analysis. This project emphasizes the benefits of eCommerce in today’s world. It is clear from the recent pandemic as well that electronic transactions have grown exponentially. An organization that will operate through a physical office will have significant costs to bear as compared to organizations that can function remotely. These costs include logistics, administration, salesperson salary, the lease on storefront, electricity, telephone, heating/cooling, taxes, displays, repairs and maintenance of the building. On the contrary, for a virtual office, the entailing costs include web hosting charges, shopping cart software, and distribution rates. This accounts for much less than the expense involved with physical offices.  Both functional and operational costs are affected by eCommerce. Furthermore, e-commerce also has many other unmatched benefits when compared with offline commerce methods.  Benefits of reduced cost in e-commerce: Self-regulating Increased revenue Utilisation of revenue into product development Creates a competitive advantage Ways to reduce cost in e-commerce: Supplier tie-ups Reduce returns Marketing budget  Inventory management Shipping methods optimization Topic 5: Reducing Unemployment Through a Co-Operative Movement Objective: To establish a co-operative movement in a working society and analyze its benefits on society members. It also evaluates various aspects of the co-operative movement that provide support to team members. This project helps us gain an understanding of the benefits of a co-operative movement in reducing unemployment. The analysis concludes that co-operative movements support employees and their well-being in terms of education and growth, thus, every organization must adopt one. It is recommended that since a co-operative movement encourages and supports existing employees to study further and take up training to scale their skill sets, it must be made compulsory for every establishment. To facilitate the set up of the cooperatives, the project recommends aiding organisations financially in the form of loans from the co-operative banks.  Consequently, establishing co-operative banks is also deemed significantly beneficial. Also Read: Top 10 Highest Paying Jobs in Commerce Field Topic 6: An Analysis of the Downside of Co-Operative Thrift and Credit Society Objective: To shine a light on the futility of establishing a co-operative and credit society. This kind of society is set up in organizations to help employees save a certain percentage of their salaries. These savings will support them after their retirement and can be used as an investment. However, it is noticed that such a society does not form a consensus as the goals are not attained. With a disparity in the financials and personal contexts, this society has not been able to satisfy its members. This is due to poor inspection, and the irresponsible attitudes of authoritative people that have marred the interests of its members. Another important aspect that this project highlight is that when members take a loan from a credit society, they are often not in a position to return it, indicating a loss of money. The bad debts increase and the vested member’s interest is exploited unfairly. Types of unemployment- Voluntary Demand deficient Structural Frictional Seasonal Geographical Casual Chronic Disguised Cyclical Benefits of Reducing Unemployment Through a Co-Operative Movement- Enhanced social, economic and cultural aspects of the society Provides social services such as education, housing, health, etc. Increase wealth  Better living conditions Higher satisfaction  Society progression Improved economy Checkout: Career Options for Commerce Students Topic 7: Analysis of the Role of Insurance Companies in Driving Growth of SMEs Objective: To understand the relationship between SMEs and insurance companies. The project also aims to understand how insurance companies contribute to the growth of SMEs. This involves studying factors that are responsible for growth and failure alike. One major aspect that this project covers is the reason that SMEs do not get their businesses insured. This project highlights what SMEs are and how l insurance companies can prevent them from being shut down. SMEs are small and medium scale enterprises with about 5 to 10 employees in a small SME and a maximum of 50 to 100 employees in a medium-scale enterprise. SMEs are vital for the growth of the economy as they are independent and can generate effective revenue, contributing to the country’s GDP. It is recommended that these SMEs must get business insurance. However, with the lack of awareness of insurance of businesses, most small to medium enterprises fail to function beyond two years. The lack of sustenance due to a blend of financial difficulties and departmental challenges is the cause of the shutdown. Therefore, insurance can step this up. If the employees feel secure, they will be motivated to work irrespective of the un-segregated organizational structure of the SMEs. The resolution for running SMEs for the long term is insurance. Benefits of Insurance Companies in Driving Growth of SMEs- Financial security to the employees Higher employee satisfaction Lower attrition Financial stability  Improved organisation growth  Increase loyalty Help in acquiring qualified candidates  Topic 8: Implications of Globalization on National Security   Objective: To examine the frequency of transnational threats and the method by which the security is breached. Furthermore, it highlights the effects of globalisation on increased national security.  A deep analysis of this project highlights two aspects of globalization. Firstly, where there is an increased threat due to breach of security, a significant increase in business is noticed. The to and fro of trade and ease of communication, facilitated by transportation are anticipated as threats to National Security. At the same time, this has also elevated the business to a large extent. It causes businesses to amp their security measures and streamline their services. When the pros and cons are weighed, globalization has proved to be beneficial for most sectors. It has also brought an upsurge in the National Income of many underdeveloped countries. Secondly, globalization has also brought about a lot of awareness, stimulating consumers to buy needful products. The positive impacts on the national income of a country have significantly increased.  Impacts of globalisation on national security- Integration of markets Trade measures Access to new cultures Potential of new threats Access to new talent Manage employee integration  Topic 9: Exploring the Significance of Commerce in Today’s World Objective: To understand the various benefits of commerce. The project highlights the following aspects: Helps accomplish human wants: Commerce has facilitated trade between states, and across the borders. In turn, human wants are fulfilled because of this movement of goods. This also contributes to social welfare. The distribution of products through e-commerce has further enabled many small businesses to survive.  Enhances the standard of living: The increased flow of money has also increased consumerism. It encourages and financially supports people to make required purchases, subsequently, increasing the standard of living. Also, the pliability of a product’s delivery to diverse locations m, as well as flexibility of ordering from any location has facilitated streamlined services, further, enhancing consumerism and elevating the standard of living.        Empowering consumers and producers: If manufacturing continues to produce, but ceases to sell, the economy of a country is bound to plummet. It is due to commerce that trade persists. The chain of retailers, and wholesalers who purchase the products from manufacturers and market them appropriately, facilitates the movement of goods. The absence of these channels will stagnate the market. In addition to this, digital platforms have made e-commerce the most convenient link between consumers and producers. Providing employment opportunities: Commerce is the harbinger of growth in manufacturing, warehousing, transporting, banking, advertising and so on. To ensure the efficiency of these operations, we need human resources. Commerce proffers employment to skilled and unskilled labour, along with numerous white-collar professionals.   Enabling income generation for a country on the whole:  When trade increases, production and consumption follows. This creates work opportunities for the citizens of a country. This in turn impacts the national Income of a country. The average gross income of citizens contributes to the development of a country. Driving growth in auxiliary sectors: Commerce leads to increased growth in auxiliary sectors such as banking, insurance, publicity, marketing, and advertising, among others. Driving industrial development: One of the major outcomes of the commerce sector is the development of industries. Commerce aids in streamlining the division of labour, as well as providing raw materials to the industries. A meticulous division of every sector in the industry leads to its growth and development. Driving international trade: The emergence of e-commerce has allowed businesses to think beyond the periphery of their country. This has facilitated streamlined trade between countries. Besides, commerce has opened doors for the exchange of commodities, and surplus produces of the country.  Better transport and communication systems have resulted in increased international trade, which again is a result of commerce. Benefitting underdeveloped countries: Commerce has created avenues for underdeveloped countries to export surplus raw material to other countries. This process has enhanced trade and the flow of money into underdeveloped countries. Supporting exigencies: Whatever trade and exchange of food, medicines, relief packets, etc, is done, is highly dependent on the smooth functioning of the supply chain and commerce industry. During exigencies like earthquakes, floods, and other natural calamities, commerce proves its worth. Impacts of commerce- Impact productivity Affect inflation Reach market potential Increases R&D of the country Better talent management Gives competitive advantage Cost management Impact culture and lifestyle Topic 10: The Significance of E-Commerce in Emerging Markets Objective: To explore the benefits of e-commerce, upcoming trends, and provide solutions to existing challenges.  Needless to mention, the significance of the internet and its usage in today’s world is skyrocketing. The increasing usage of mobile devices has enabled customers to purchase anything from anywhere. Evidently, the future of commerce is headed online. As e-commerce is replacing other traditional commerce models to provide seamless services and consumer experience, there has been a significant reduction in operational costs. If customers are willing to bear the shipping and other costs, even cross-border shopping is possible through e-commerce. This platform allows users to conduct a comparative analysis and purchase an item at the best available price. This doesn’t just inculcate awareness and transparency but also inculcates a sense of achievement among the consumers when they save a penny. The clarity in communication between portals and customers further streamlines the process. Apart from the listed benefits, it also involves some threats. These threats usually involve a breach of customer trust and a volatile economy. The failure of e-commerce business is rare, but not absent. It also reflects on the reliability of a platform when cross-border trading is undertaken. Prioritizing customer satisfaction is the key to the success of an eCommerce business.  Explore our Popular MBA Courses Master of Business Administration from Golden Gate University Master of Business Administration (MBA) Liverpool Business School MBA from Deakin Business School MBA in Digital Marketing from Dekin University Executive MBA from SSBM View all MBA Courses Upcoming trends in eCommerce will pave the path for successful business ventures and economic development. As more and ML more businesses adopt AI-driven technologies, augmented reality, and speech recognition techniques in enhancing customer experience, there will be a shift towards personalised solutions which is mostly possible thrift eCommerce. Ecommerce has an integral role to play in helping businesses enhance reach and scalability. Benefits of E-Commerce Affects buying behaviour Inventory management Flexible  Enhance shopping experience Access to a wider range of products Benefits seller and customers More employment opportunities Affordable Cost reduction Easy exchange and refund policy  Impacts economy Topic 11: Public Sector bank’s future in the country The public sector banks are a pivotal part of the economy. They help in mobilising the scattered and small savings of the people. Thus adding to the economic growth. They also play a role of credit intermediation, settlement of payments and netting.  Benefits of Public Sector Banks- Pension after retirement High-interest rate on deposits Low- interest rates on loans Job security  Accessibility to the rural areas Multiple branches Topic 12: Impact of Covid on Indian Economy The GDP shrank a lot during the Covid. The economy reached to its lowest. Every sector saw the impacts of Covid. The economy growth slowed down and its impacts are seen even today.  Some of the impacts are Multiple layoffs Losing of livelihood Low revenue Infrastructure damage Resource reduction Slow growth  Food shortage Lack of basic amenities Affordability The students can take the approach of finding the causes behind the negative impacts of Covid on Indian Economy. Checkout: Top Career Options After B.Com Additional Commerce Project Topics How does advertising affect sales and conversions?  The effectiveness of online shopping. The role of supply chain management in improving customer service. AI implementation in e-commerce. Green consumerism in the coming years. The role of technologies in enhancing eCommerce. Other Interesting Project Topics for Commerce Students A few more project topics for commerce students or commerce related topics for project are listed below: SWOT Analysis of an MNC SWOT is a innovative activities for commerce students which will serves as a powerful strategic tool for carefully examining and strategizing projects. Its implementation allows graduates to uncover fresh business prospects, boost revenue generation, and proactively address potential threats to an organization’s success. By conducting a SWOT analysis, commerce project topics risks can be minimized, ensuring effortless execution of plans. In today’s digital age, multinational corporations often encounter challenges optimizing their online presence and maintaining top-notch cybersecurity. This makes a SWOT analysis a valuable asset for any research topics for commerce students or bcom project topics aiming to tackle these issues. A Study of Joint Ventures Two or more companies working together to share profits and losses, collaborate on business operations, and combine their resources for greater success culminate into a joint venture. As students, you can delve into this fascinating concept by focusing your commerce project topics report on prominent joint ventures such as Hero Honda, Sony Ericsson, and Motorola.  Your objective will be to compile a comprehensive report that is packed with data, including performance metrics, thorough analysis, market insights, and real-life case studies. By doing so, you will create a vivid representation of your research on joint ventures. Job Opportunities from the Transportation Sector This is one of the project topics for commerce students that delves into the pivotal role of the transportation sector in creating employment opportunities within the country. The commerce related topics explores the various modes of transit, including buses, cars, trains, metros, cable lines, and more. This project topics for commerce main focus is to gain insight into the functioning of different modes of transportation. This e commerce project topics will also explore the employment benefits associated with the transportation industry, the challenges it faces, and the crucial essentials for transportation design and movement. Additionally, the commerce related topics also sheds light on shipping methods such as canal, land, ocean, and overseas transport. It is clear that transportation infrastructure is not limited to merely connecting people and places. Instead, the industry serves as a catalyst for economic growth by generating employment opportunities. The Power of Branding on Consumer Purchasing Behavior Effective marketing strategies require a strong focus on branding due to its role in influencing consumer behavior. In fact, exploring the impact of branding on consumer behavior and their journey toward brand loyalty makes for a fascinating final-year project in commerce. This research topics for commerce students allows students to delve into how repeat purchases are influenced by branding tactics. However, the world of branding also presents the challenges of budget constraints and the need to stand out from the sea of competitors. A Project on the Indian Railways Undertaking With over 1.4 billion employees, the Indian Railways is a major public sector organization, and the department can offer several project topics for commerce students. Under the oversight of the Ministry of Railways and the Railway Board, the Railway Minister holds responsibility for all operations and interactions with the Indian Parliament. As a departmental undertaking of the Indian Government, the railways are subject to an annual budget set by the Government of India.  All expenses are closely monitored by the Ministry and subject to external audits. Conducting a project on this vast public transportation mode offers insights into the crucial role of government involvement in effectively running the railway service in a country as vast as India. A Project on Mumbai Dabbawalas The bustling city of Mumbai has a longstanding love affair with Dabbawalas. These skilled professionals are the city’s go-to for homemade office lunches. Through this project, students will have the opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of how these Dabbawalas operate.  By participating in this project topics for commerce, students can develop essential skills such as team management, delivery efficiency, and business organization. They can also explore real-life case studies to enhance their learning experience. Preparing a Report on Nationalized Banks While looking for project topics for commerce students or project report topics preparing a report on a nationalized bank can be a great idea. The effectiveness and robustness of banking institutions have an influence on driving and shaping the economy. In the wake of India’s independence, the country established financial systems to promote the accessibility of banking services to the general public. From standardizing currency practices to implementing global regulations on interest rates, the growth of India’s economy is closely intertwined with the operations of the Reserve Bank of India. This presents a fascinating avenue to explore for a simple project topics for b.com students, delving into the fundamentals of the Indian economy and providing comprehensive case studies and real-life examples to understand the intricacies of financial management and public/private sector banking.  Exploring Indian Exports India thrives on the export of petroleum products, gems and jewelry, electronics, pharmaceutical drugs, and textiles. Through this project report topics, students can delve into the realm of export marketing and differentiate it from domestic sales. This comprehensive overview also sheds light on the driving forces behind Indian exporters and the multitude of hurdles they encounter, such as trade barriers, third-party competition, and foreign currency regulations. Studying Different Distribution Channels In the dynamic realm of sales and marketing, businesses can utilize the wholesale, retail, and direct-to-consumer distribution channels. Companies can reach consumers directly by leveraging cutting-edge e-commerce platforms, while retailers acquire products from manufacturers and then, in turn, sell them to customers. Additionally, retailers often partner with wholesalers who provide goods at competitive market rates. This project topics for m.com students aims to examine the intricate connections between wholesalers, manufacturers, and retailers, exploring their distinct attributes and crucial functions. In today’s digital era, traditional business strategies have undergone a significant shift in terms of product promotion and profit generation. Nonetheless, the fundamental principles of effective marketing remain unchanged. These include product excellence, pricing, advertising, distribution, packaging, target demographics, and personnel. A Project on the Consumer Protection Act Among various project topics for commerce students, working on the Consumer Protection Act can be quite interesting. The prime focus of this act in India is the welfare of consumers when making purchases of goods, products, and services.  With the rapid advancements in technology, the shopping landscape has significantly evolved in the nation. As a result, consumers now have higher expectations for top-notch products, immediate availability, and effective service.  By thoroughly evaluating this act, we can gain valuable insights into consumer perceptions and decision-making processes within the marketplace. Furthermore, the b.com 3rd year project topics report must also tackle various obstacles encountered by the logistics industry, inadequacies in product design, and unethical behaviors like hoarding and black marketing.  Additionally, it is important to mention how the government ensures the implementation of appropriate legal measures for the sales of goods and services. As a result, consumer protection measures encourage businesses to operate with honesty, efficiency, and transparency. Project on the Dairy Industry Let us take the example of Amul to conduct a commerce project on the dairy industry. Widely recognized as a top producer of milk, paneer, and dairy goods in India, Amul’s extensive reach and impact cannot be denied.  Let’s delve deeper into their success story by exploring their partnership with UNICEF and the ways in which they’ve been able to uplift farmers across the nation through their business model. The origins of Amul, its innovative marketing techniques, and its meticulous product sourcing strategies are all prime areas for investigation in understanding how the brand continues to deliver a fresh selection of goods to its devoted customers. Amul’s remarkable success can be attributed to the strategic use of the seven “Ps” by its marketing professionals. By implementing a low-cost pricing strategy and ensuring its products offer great value for money, Amul has successfully established a widespread supply chain and distribution network throughout the country, maximizing the advantages of its production location. This serves as a great example for students on how to effectively select a sub-topic from a broader subject area. Studying Different Advertising Media In the ever-evolving world of business, turning a profit and building a strong reputation are the ultimate goals. In the realm of e-commerce, a multitude of advertising methods are being explored and tested by brands. Through extensive research, scholars have evaluated the success of diverse techniques, including augmented and virtual reality technology. One of the most interesting project topics for commerce students is discovering and analyzing various forms of advertising media. Takeaway Just as world commerce combines and impacts different aspects of life, so should your commerce topics for presentation. Whether you use this list of project ideas or other project topics for commerce students pdf to decide your publication subject or your 6th sem project topics, engage with the significance of commerce. As a commerce student, you can provide an analysis of the smallest denominator to significant world events that are not accessible to the layman.  With a country’s economic and cultural development hinging on commerce, it is one of the most sought-after fields today. As a skilled commerce professional, you can devise focused strategies to drive conversions and sales. You can also develop profitable relationships with manufacturers and enhance the customer experience. This also involves retailers and wholesalers, who directly deal with the consumers.  Therefore, professionals in commerce are required to up-skill themselves to gain a comprehensive understanding of how commerce deals with problems. This is possible through experience gleaned from solving real-life problems which can be sought from working on commerce projects. Commerce involves a lot of moving parts which demands that you possess strong leadership skills, communication skills, problem-solving abilities, strategizing skills, and analytical decision-making abilities. The listed commerce project topics in this article will help you enhance your job-relevant skills which can serve as catalysts to landing your preferred job. When you select one of these topics, you are exercising the decision making skill, which is an efficacious commerce skill! So, we wish you the best of luck!  If you would like to learn more about commerce, we are here to help you at upGrad. After completing your bachelor’s, you can pursue higher studies and get more specialized roles. As commerce with maths student, you can get an MBA in Finance to get lucrative positions in the finance sector. On the other hand, you can take a digital marketing course from MICA and become a marketing expert. It would allow you to pursue digital marketing careers. To learn more about digital marketing courses and get hands-on experience, you can check out at upGrad.  
Read More

by Sriram

26 Jan 2024

Explore Free Courses

Schedule 1:1 free counsellingTalk to Career Expert
icon
footer sticky close icon