What are the Advantages of Object-Oriented Programming?

Object-Oriented Programming is a type of programming approach that uses the concepts of objects and classes. A program written within the Object-Oriented Programming approach will have reusable blocks of codes termed classes. These classes are further used for creating instances of the objects. Due to several benefits offered by Object-Oriented Programming, many programming languages have been developed following the gen concepts of OOP. The programming languages that follow OOP are Java, Python, and C++.

A class may be defined as a blueprint for creating specific objects. Whenever a class is specified, it means that attributes are shared within the class.

Object-Oriented Programming revolves around the concept of objects. In the area of software development, Object-Oriented Programming language has become a fundamental part. Mainly with developing languages like Java and C++, software development would have been a problematic approach. Therefore, without having a clear concept and understanding of Object-Oriented Programming, software development for mobile couldn’t be carried out. Apart from mobile application development, even in web development, Object-Oriented Deprogramming has played a crucial role, mainly in developing OOP languages such as Python, Ruby, and PHP.

Considering this concept of programming, a lot of benefits have been associated with Object-Oriented Programming.

The article will discuss the advantages of Object-Oriented Language.

Advantages of OOPS

1. Troubleshooting is easier with the OOP language

Suppose the user has no idea where the bug lies if there is an error within the code. Also, the user has no idea where to look into the code to fix the error. This is quite difficult for standard programming languages. However, when Object-Oriented Programming is applied, the user knows exactly where to look into the code whenever there is an error. There is no need to check other code sections as the error will show where the trouble lies.

It is mainly through encapsulation that makes the objects self-contained. This further helps in troubleshooting and easier collaborative development.

2. Code Reusability

One of two important concepts that are provided by Object-Oriented Programming is the concept of inheritance. Through inheritance, the same attributes of a class are not required to be written repeatedly. This avoids the issues where the same code has still to be written multiple times in a code. With the introduction of the concept of classes, the code section can be used as many times as required in the program. Through the inheritance approach, a child class is created that inherits the fields and methods of the parent class. The methods and values that are present in the parent class can be easily overridden. Through inheritance, the features of one class can be inherited by another class by extending the class. Therefore, inheritance is vital for providing code reusability and also multilevel inheritance.

Thus, Object-Oriented Programming offers the feature of class reusability where the class that is once created can be used again. In doing so, time is saved, and the need for extra coding is eliminated as similar features can be inherited.

3. Productivity

The productivity of two codes increases through the use of Object-Oriented Programming. This is because the OOP has provided so many libraries that new programs have become more accessible. Also, as it provides the facility of code reusability, the length of a code is decreased, further enhancing the faster development of newer codes and programs.

4. Data Redundancy

By the term data redundancy, it means that the data is repeated twice. This means that the same data is present more than one time. In Object-Oriented Deprogramming the data redundancy is considered to be an advantage. For example, the user wants to have a functionality that is similar to almost all the classes. In such cases, the user can create classes with similar functionaries and inherit them wherever required.

5. Code Flexibility

The flexibility is offered through the concept of Polymorphism. A scenario can be considered for a better understanding of the concept. A person can behave differently whenever the surroundings change. For example, if the person is in a market, the person will behave like a customer, or the behavior might get changed to a student when the person is in a school or any institution.

In this example, it can be observed that different behaviors are shown by the same person whenever the surroundings around the person get changed. This could explain the concept of Polymorphism and its flexibility. The developers benefit through Polymorphism in the following ways: simplicity and extensibility. 

6. Solving problems

Problems can be efficiently solved by breaking down the problem into smaller pieces. If a complex problem is broken down into smaller pieces or components, it becomes a good programming practice. Considering this fact, OOPS utilizes this feature where it breaks down the code of the software into smaller pieces of the object into bite-size pieces that are created one at a time. Once the problem is broken down, these broken pieces can be used again to solve other problems. Also, the more minor codes can get replaced through the modules with the same interface having the implementation details.

7. Security

Because of the concept of data abstraction in OOPS, only a limited amount of data is shown to the user. The rest data is not exposed while exposing only the required amount of data. Therefore, it allows the maintenance of security. The concept of abstraction is used to hide the complexity from other users and demonstrate the element’s information as per the requirements. It also helps in avoiding repetitive code. Another concept provided in OOPS is the feature of encapsulation that allows the protection of the data in the classes from getting accessed by the system. All the internal contents in the class can be safeguarded. In Java, encapsulation is mainly used for restricting access to the class fields directly while setting all the fields of the class to private.

The code in the OOPS is an easy maintenance coding due to the presence of a coding base in a central way. Therefore it is easy to create procedure code that can be easily maintained. 

A lot of benefits are further associated with the use of Object-Oriented Programming. Therefore the benefits of Object-Oriented Programming are:

  • Users can build programs from the standard modules that communicate with each other. This prevents writing the code again from scratch, which ultimately saves the development time of the code and therefore is higher productivity of the program. 
  • Problems can be solved easily through OOPS because a program can be broken down into bit-sized codes or problems that can be easily solved. 
  • With the development of technology, the maintenance cost of the programs is reduced, and there is increased productivity. 
  • The upgrade of the OOP system of languages can be easily done from smaller systems to larger systems. 
  • Without interference, there might be multiple instances of the same object.

A lot of advantages have been described in the article. Also, the benefits associated with Object-Oriented Programming have been discussed. Due to these benefits and advantages provided by Object-Oriented Programming, programming languages following the features of OOPS have been widely used in the software development sector. Understanding the different concepts of OOPS and getting an idea of the languages following OOPS is essential if anyone wants to thrive in software development. If you have an interest in the area of software development, then you can check the course titled “Executive PG Programme in Software Development – Specialisation in Full Stack Development” offered by IIIT-B at upGrad. You will be trained through experts during the course and guided through industry-oriented projects suggesting the placement at top industries. Specially designed for the working professionals, the course aims to provide the best at your ease. For any help and information, you may contact our team of assistance. 

What are OOPS?

The term OOPS refers to Object-Oriented Programming that is defined through the use of objects. These objects can be any real-world entities having some behaviors and characteristics.

What are the examples of OOPS languages?

A few of the programming languages that follow the features of OOPS are Java, Python, C++, PHP, Javascript, etc.

What are the features of OOPS?

A few essential features of the OOPS are Inheritance, Data abstraction, Polymorphism, and encapsulation.

What are the benefits of OOPS in C++?

The benefits of OOPS in C++ are: 1. The redundant code can be removed through the concept of inheritance, and also the existing classes can be extended, which is otherwise not possible in the other procedure-oriented programming. 2. Programs can be built upon standard modules. 3. Secure programs can be created through the process of data hiding in the data abstraction feature of OOPS. 4. The complexity of the software can be managed easily through OOPS.

What is data hiding?

Data hiding refers to the process of hiding information which is unwanted and allows the restriction of access to any of the members of an object.

What is Polymorphism?

The process where different behavior of the object, code, or method is shown under different circumstances.

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