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Top 65 Splunk Interview Questions & Answers For Beginners & Experienced [2024]

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24th May, 2024
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Top 65 Splunk Interview Questions & Answers For Beginners & Experienced [2024]

Splunk is one of the top load management and analysis solutions in the field of IT Operations. The tool is one of the top devops tools in the market always in high demand, and so are Splunk experts. And knowledge of splunk is one of the important requirement to become a devops engineer. Naturally, when it comes to Splunk jobs in the IT sector, the competition is pretty tough and challenging. So, if you wish to bag a niche job in Splunk, you must be ready to ace the Splunk interview.

Worry not, for we’ve created a detailed post with the top Splunk interview questions that will not only help to sharpen your Splunk knowledge but also bag that job you’ve been eying! Keep these interview questions and Splunk answers in mind to excel in your interview rounds. Your Splunk answers must offer an in-depth insight into the technicalities, so make sure to read up on the technical aspects to prepare thoroughly for the interview!

Without further ado, let’s get cracking on the top Splunk interview questions!

Top Splunk Interview Questions & Answers 

1. Define Splunk

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Splunk is a software platform that allows users to analyze machine-generated data (from hardware devices, networks, servers, IoT devices, etc.). Splunk is widely used for searching, visualizing, monitoring, and reporting enterprise data. It processes and analyzes machine data and converts it into powerful operational intelligence by offering real-time insights into the data through accurate visualizations.

Splunk is used for analyzing machine data because:

  • It offers business insights – Splunk understands the patterns hidden within the data and turns it into real-time business insights that can be used to make informed business decisions.
  • It provides operational visibility – Splunk leverages machine data to get end-to-end visibility into company operations and then breaks it down across the infrastructure.
  • It facilitates proactive monitoring – Splunk uses machine data to monitor systems in real-time to identify system issues and vulnerabilities (external/internal breaches and attacks).

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2. Name the common port numbers used by Splunk.

The common port numbers for Splunk are:

  • Splunk Web Port: 8000
  • Splunk Management Port: 8089
  • Splunk Network port: 514
  • Splunk Index Replication Port: 8080
  • Splunk Indexing Port: 9997
  • KV store: 8191

3. Name the components of Splunk architecture.

The Splunk architecture is made of the following components:

  • Search Head – It provides GUI for searching
  • Indexer – It indexes the machine data
  • Forwarder – It forwards logs to the Indexer

Deployment server – It manages the Splunk components in a distributed environment and distributes configuration apps.

4. What are the different types of Splunk dashboards?

There are three different kinds of Splunk dashboards:

  • Real-time dashboards
  • Dynamic form-based dashboards
  • Dashboards for scheduled reports

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5. Name the types of search modes supported in Splunk.

Splunk supports three types of dashboards, namely:

  • Fast mode
  • Smart mode
  • Verbose mode

6. Name the different kinds of Splunk Forwarders.

There are two types of Splunk Forwarders:

  • Universal Forwarder (UF) – It is a lightweight Splunk agent installed on a non-Splunk system to gather data locally. UF cannot parse or index data.
  • Heavyweight Forwarder (HWF) – It is a heavyweight Splunk agent with advanced functionalities, including parsing and indexing capabilities. It is used for filtering data.

7. What are the benefits of feeding data into a Splunk instance through Splunk Forwarders?

If you feed the data into a Splunk instance via Splunk Forwarders, you can reap three significant benefits – TCP connection, bandwidth throttling, and an encrypted SSL connection to transfer data from a Forwarder to an Indexer. Splunk’s architecture is such that the data forwarded to the Indexer is load-balanced by default.

So, even if one Indexer goes down due to some reason, the data can re-route itself via another Indexer instance quickly. Furthermore, Splunk Forwarders cache the events locally before forwarding it, thereby creating a temporary backup of the data.

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8. What is the “Summary Index” in Splunk?

In Splunk, the Summary Index refers to the default Splunk index that stores data resulting from scheduled searches over time. Essentially, it is the index that Splunk Enterprise uses if a user does not specify or indicate another one.

The most significant advantage of the Summary Index is that it allows you to retain the analytics and reports even after your data has aged.

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9. What is the purpose of Splunk DB Connect?

Splunk DB Connect is a generic SQL database plugin designed for Splunk. It enables users to integrate database information with Splunk queries and reports seamlessly.

10. What is the function of the Splunk Indexer?

As the name suggests, the Splunk Indexer creates and manages indexes. It has two core functions – to index raw data into an index and to search and manage the indexed data.

11. Name a few important Splunk search commands.

Some of the important search commands in Splunk are:

  • Abstract
  • Erex
  • Addtotals
  • Accum
  • Filldown
  • Typer
  • Rename
  • Anomalies

Also read: Splunk v Elk: Which one should you choose?

12. What are some of the most important configuration files in Splunk?

The most crucial configuration files in Splunk are:

  • props.conf
  • indexes.conf
  • inputs.conf
  • transforms.conf
  • server.conf

13. What is the importance of the License Master in Splunk? What happens if the License Master is unreachable?

 In Splunk, the License Master ensures that the right amount of data gets indexed. Since the Splunk license is based on the data volume that reaches the platform within a 24hr-window, the License Master ensures that your Splunk environment stays within the constraints of the purchased volume.

If ever the License Master is unreachable, a user cannot search the data. However, this will not affect the data flowing into the Indexer – data will continue to flow in the Splunk deployment, and the Indexers will index the data. But the top of the Search Head will display a warning message that the user has exceeded the indexing volume. In this case, they must either reduce the amount of data flowing in or must purchase additional capacity of the Splunk license.

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14. Explain ‘license violation’ in the Splunk perspective.

Anytime you exceed the data limit, the ‘license violation’ error will show on the dashboard. This warning will remain for 14 days. For a commercial Splunk license, users can have five warnings in a 30-day window before which Indexer’s search results and reports will not trigger. However, for the free version, users get only three warning counts.

15. What is the general expression for extracting IP address from logs?

Although you can extract the IP address from logs in many ways, the regular experssion for it would be:

rex field=_raw “(?<ip_address>\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+)”


rex field=_raw “(?<ip_address>([0-9]{1,3}[\.]){3}[0-9]{1,3})”

16. How can you troubleshoot Splunk performance issues?

To troubleshoot Splunk performance issues, perform the following steps:

  • Check splunkd.log to find any errors
  • Check server performance issues (CPU/memory usage, disk i/o, etc.)
  • Check the number of saved searches that are running at present and also their system resources consumption.
  • Install the SOS (Splunk on Splunk) app and see if the dashboard displays any warning or errors.
  • Install Firebug (a Firefox extension) and enable it in your system. After that, you have to log into Splunk using Firefox, open Firebug’s panels, and go to the ‘Net’ panel to enable it). The Net panel displays the HTTP requests and responses, along with the time spent in each. This will allow you to see which requests are slowing down Splunk and affecting the overall performance.

17. What are Buckets? Explain Splunk Bucket Lifecycle.

Buckets are directories that store the indexed data in Splunk. So, it is a physical directory that chronicles the events of a specific period. A bucket undergoes several stages of transformation over time. They are:

  • Hot – A hot bucket comprises of the newly indexed data, and hence, it is open for writing and new additions. An index can have one or more hot buckets. 
  • Warm – A warm bucket contains the data that is rolled out from a hot bucket. 
  • Cold – A cold bucket has data that is rolled out from a warm bucket. 
  • Frozen – A frozen bucket contains the data rolled out from a cold bucket. The Splunk Indexer deletes the frozen data by default. However, there’s an option to archive it. An important thing to remember here is that frozen data is not searchable.

18. What purpose does the Time Zone property serve in Splunk?

In Splunk, Time Zone is crucial for searching for events from a security or fraud perspective. Splunk sets the default Time Zone for you from your browser settings. The browser further picks up the current Time Zone from the machine you are using. So, if you search for any event with the wrong Time Zone, you will not find anything relevant for that search.

The Time Zone becomes extremely important when you are searching and correlating data pouring in from different and multiple sources

19. Define Sourcetype in Splunk.

In Splunk, Sourcetype refers to the default field that is used to identify the data structure of an incoming event. Sourcetype should be set at the forwarder level for indexer extraction to help identify different data formats. It determines how Splunk Enterprise formats the data during the indexing process. This being the case, you must ensure to assign the correct Sourcetype to your data. To make data searching even easier, you should provide accurate timestamps, and event breaks to the indexed data (the event data). 

20. Explain the difference between Stats and Eventstats commands.

In Splunk, the Stats command is used to generate the summary statistics of all the existing fields in the search results and save them as values in newly created fields. Although the Eventstats command is pretty similar to the Stats command, it adds the aggregation results inline to each event (if only the aggregation is pertinent to that particular event). So, while both the commands compute the requested statistics, the Eventstats command aggregates the statistics into the original raw data.

21. Differentiate between Splunk App and Add-on.

Splunk Apps refer to the complete collection of reports, dashboards, alerts, field extractions, and lookups. However, Splunk Add-ons only contain built-in configurations – they do not have dashboards or reports.

22. What is the command to stop and start Splunk service?

The command to start Splunk service is: ./splunk start

The command to stop Splunk service is: ./splunk stop

23. How can you clear the Splunk search history?

To clear the Splunk search history, you need to delete the following file from Splunk server:


24. What is Btool in Splunk?

Btool in Splunk is a command-line tool that is used for troubleshooting configuration file issues. It also helps check what values are being used by a user’s Splunk Enterprise installation in the existing environment.

25. What is the need for Splunk Alert? Specify the type of options you get while setting up Splunk Alerts.

Splunk Alerts help notify users of any erroneous condition in their systems. For instance, a user can set up Alerts for email notification to be sent to the admin in case there are more than three failed login attempts within 24 hours.

The different options you get while setting up Alerts include:

  • You can create a webhook. This will allow you to write to HipChat or GitHub – you can write an email to a group of machines containing your subject, priorities, and the body of your email.
  • You can add results in CSV or pdf formats or inline with the body of the message to help the recipient understand the location and conditions of the alert that has been triggered and what actions have been taken for the same.
  • You can create tickets and throttle alerts based on specific conditions such as the machine name or IP address. These alerts can be controlled from the alert window.

26. What is a Fishbucket and what is the Index for it?

Fishbucket is an index directory resting at the default location, that is:


Fishbucket includes seek pointers and CRCs for the indexed files. To access the Fishbucket, you can use the GUI for searching:


27. How to know when Splunk has completed indexing a log file?

You can figure out whether or not Splunk has completed indexing a log file in two ways:

  1. By monitoring the data from Splunk’s metrics log in real-time:

 index=”_internal” source=”*metrics.log” group=”per_sourcetype_thruput” series=”&lt;your_sourcetype_here&gt;” |

eval MB=kb/1024 | chart sum(MB)

  1. By monitoring all the metrics split by source type:

index=”_internal” source=”*metrics.log” group=”per_sourcetype_thruput” | eval MB=kb/1024 | chart sum(MB) avg(eps) over series

28. What is the Dispatch Directory?

The Dispatch Directory includes a directory for individual searches that are either running or have completed. The configuration for the Dispatch Directory is as follows:


Let’s assume, there is a directory named 1434308943.358. This directory will contain a CSV file of all the search results, a search.log containing the details about the search execution, and other relevant information. By using the default configuration, you can delete this directory within 10 minutes after the search completes. If you save the search results, they will be deleted after seven days.

29. How can you add folder access logs from a Windows machine to Splunk?

To add folder access logs from a Windows machines to Splunk, you must follow the steps listed below:

  • Go to Group Policy and enable Object Access Audit on the Windows machine where the folder is located.
  • Now you have to enable auditing on the specific folder for which you want to monitor access logs.
  • Install Splunk Universal Forwarder on the Windows machine.
  • Configure the Universal Forwarder to send security logs to the Splunk Indexer.

30. How does Splunk avoid duplicate indexing of logs?

Among many, one of the common Splunk interview questions and answers for experienced is this. The Splunk Indexer keeps track of all the indexed events in a directory – the Fishbuckets directory that contains seek pointers and CRCs for all the files being indexed presently. So, if there’s any seek pointer or CRC that has been already read, splunkd will point it out.

31. What is the configuration files precedence in Splunk?

The precedence of configuration files in Splunk is as follows:

  • System Local Directory (highest priority)
  • App Local Directories
  • App Default Directories
  • System Default Directory (lowest priority)

32. Define “Search Factor” and “Replication Factor.”

Both Search Factor (SF) and Replication Factor (RF) are clustering terminologies in Splunk. While the SF (with a default value of 2) determines the number of searchable copies of data maintained by the Indexer cluster, the RF represents the number of copies of data maintained by the Indexer cluster. An important thing to remember is that SF must always be less than or equal to the replication factor. Also, the Search Head cluster only has a Search Factor, whereas an Indexer cluster has both SF and RF. 

33. Why is the lookup command used? Differentiate between inputlookup & outputlookup commands.

In Splunk, lookup commands are used when you want to receive specific fields from an external file (for example, a Python-based script, or a CSV file) to obtain a value of an event. It helps narrow the search results by referencing the fields in an external CSV file that matches fields in the event data.

The inputlookup command is used when you want to take an input. For instance, the command can take the product price or product name as input and then match it with an internal field such as a product ID. On the contrary, the outputlookup command is used to produce an output from an existing field list.

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34. Differentiate between Splunk SDK and Splunk Framework.

Splunk SDKs are primarily designed to help users develop applications from scratch. They do not require Splunk Web or any other component from the Splunk App Framework to function. Splunk SDKs are separately licensed from Splunk. As opposed to this, the Splunk App Framework rests within the Splunk Web Server. It allows users to customize the Splunk Web UI that accompanies the product. Although it lets you develop Splunk apps, you have to do so by using the Splunk Web Server. 

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35. What are the pros of getting data into a Splunk instance using forwarders?

The benefits of using forwarders to enter data into Splunk include secure SSL connections, bandwidth throttling, and TCP connections for sending valuable data from a forwarder to an indexer.

36. In which form does Splunk stores its data?

When asked In which form does Splunk stores its data, you can answer by mentioning Splunk stores data in a flat-file format. Based on the amount and age of the data, Splunk stores all data in an index and in hot, warm, and cold buckets.

37. Explain the map-reduce algorithm?

To speed up data searches, Splunk employs the map-reduce method. It takes its cues from two functional programming constructs: 1) reduce () 2) map ().

Here, the reduce () function is connected to a Reducer class, while the map () function is connected to a Mapper class.

38. Explain various types of data inputs in Splunk?

The following list includes various Splunk data inputs:

  • Using files and directories as sources
  • Setting up network ports to start receiving inputs
  • Include Windows inputs. There are four different kinds of windows inputs: the active directory monitor, printer monitor, network monitor, and registry inputs monitor.
  1. What are Pivot and Data Models?

Pivots are used to build the front views of your output and choose the proper filter for a better view of this output.

When processing enormous amounts of unstructured data in Splunk, data models are utilized to build a hierarchical model without running complicated search queries on the data. Data models are frequently used to build authentication structures for multiple applications, add access levels, and create sales reports.

On the contrary, Pivots allow you to design numerous views and view the outcomes as you see fit. Even managers of stakeholders with no technical background can construct views and learn more about their departments with pivots.

40. What are Workflow Actions?

One of the commonly asked Splunk interview questions and answers for freshers & experienced is this. In Splunk, “workflow actions” are knowledge objects with a high degree of configuration that let you interact with other areas and websites. Splunk workflow actions can be used to construct HTML links and utilize them to search field values, send HTTP post requests to particular URLs, and carry out secondary searches on particular events.

41. Which component of a bucket stores raw event data?

 ‘Which component of a bucket stores raw event data?’ can most likely be asked by interviewers to test your in-depth knowledge. You can answer this in the following manner.

Each bucket has a compressed journal in time-series index files. Splunk stores our unprocessed event data in the journal. It is made up of numerous smaller compressed slices, each measuring roughly 128kB. The index keys to our journal file are the time-series index files or TSIDX files.

42. Specify the command that is used for the “Filtering results” category.

The following commands are used for the “filtering results” category: “where,” “Sort,” “rex,” and “search.”

43. List the various Splunk licensing types.

Splunk licenses come in the following types:

  •         Free license
  •         Beta license
  •         Search head license
  •         Cluster member license
  •         Forwarder license
  •         Enterprise license
  1. Who are the largest competitors to Splunk?

The largest competitors of Splunk are logstash, Loggly, LogLogic, sumo logic, etc.

45. What do Splunk licenses specify?

They specify how much data you can index per calendar day.

46. How does Splunk determine 1 day from the licensing point of view?

Splunk determines the time from Midnight to midnight on the clock of the license master.

47. How are forwarder licenses purchased?

You need not purchase forwarder licenses separately, as they are included with Splunk.

48. What is the command to restart only the Splunk web server?

The command is – Splunk start Splunk web.

49. What is the command to restart only the Splunk daemon?

The command is – Splunk start Splunk.

50. What are the three Splunk versions?

There are three different versions of Splunk available. Splunk enterprise, Splunk light, and Splunk cloud are the three available versions.

  • Splunk Enterprise: Many IT firms utilize the Splunk Enterprise edition. You can use it to examine data from numerous applications and websites.
  • Splunk Cloud: Splunk Cloud is a SaaS (Software as a Service) that includes features like APIs, SDKs, and apps that are similar to those of the business edition.
  • Splunk lite: Splunk light is a free version that lets you search, edit, and create reports using your log data. Splunk Light has limited features as compared to its other versions.
  1. Explain Stats vs Transaction Commands.

This is one of the most common Splunk interview questions for production support or splunk interview questions for soc analyst used in interviews to gauge a developer’s or engineer’s level of expertise with Splunk. The following two particular scenarios are where the transaction command comes in most handy:

  • When there is insufficient difference between two transactions based just on the unique ID (from one or more fields). This occurs when the identifier is used repeatedly, as in online sessions where a cookie or client IP is used to identify the session. In this instance, the data is also divided into transactions using the time interval or pauses.
  • A specific message indicates the start or finish of a transaction when an identification is reused, as in DHCP logs.
  • When it is preferable to view the events as they are written together rather than breaking them down into their component fields.

In most other situations of this splunk administration interview questions using statistics is preferable.

  • The stats command can be utilized because of its improved performance, particularly in distributed search environments.
  • The stats command can be used in the event that each ID is unique.
  1. Why should one use Splunk? Can they go for open source too?

This type of inquiry is intended to gauge the extent of your knowledge. To answer Splunk interview questions for production support like this, mention that Splunk faces a lot of competition in the industry when it comes to business intelligence, security, executing IT operations, and machine log analysis.

Nonetheless, Splunk is the only solution that can perform all of these tasks, and that is where Splunk excels right out of the box. With Splunk, scaling up your infrastructure is simple, and you can receive expert support from the business that developed the platform. Among its rivals in the cloud log management market are Sumo Logic and ELK in the open-source space. 

  1. Write the use cases of Splunk’s knowledge objects.

This is among the most commonly asked Splunk interview questions for production support or splunk interview questions for soc analyst where you must answer in pointers. Here’s what to tell: :

  • Employee Management: It has the ability to keep an eye on what employees doing during their notice period are doing. With this, we may compile a list of those individuals and establish a policy prohibiting them from misusing any private information belonging to the company.
  • Physical Security: Knowledge items in Splunk can be used to address physical vulnerabilities. Knowledge objects can be utilized to obtain important information regarding earthquakes, volcanoes, flooding, and other natural disasters if your organization is involved in physical security.
  • Network Security: By preventing particular IP addresses from accessing your network, knowledge objects’ lookup functions can be leveraged to improve system security.
  • Real-Time Application Monitoring: Real-time application monitoring is made easier with the help of knowledge objects. To be informed when our programme fails or has any downtime, we may also set up notifications.
  • Make Data Searching Simple: Instead of writing lengthy search queries, knowledge objects help us tag information, define event kinds, initiate a search with limitations, and condense the results to make them easier to recall, correlate, and comprehend.
  1. What is Splunk Query?

This splunk interview questions and answers or splunk developer interview questions and answers helps you to get successful. Machine-generated data can have specified operations performed on it using Splunk queries. Splunk queries use SPL (Search Processing Language) to exchange data with a database or other data source.

A multitude of functions, parameters, commands, and other elements exist in this language that can be utilized to get needed information from data provided by machines. Users can now execute queries to analyze their data in this way. It enables users to update, query, and modify data in databases similarly to SQL.

Its main applications are in the analysis of log files and the extraction of reference data from data produced by machines. Businesses that need to handle and analyze multiple data sources simultaneously to provide findings in real-time will benefit most from it. 

  1. How would you create a geo-distributed Splunk architecture that manages data from several places efficiently while guaranteeing performance and adherence to local data privacy regulations?

This is one of the advanced Splunk interview questions for production support or splunk siem interview questions that interviewers ask experienced candidates. Tell that a global organization faces a challenging but crucial issue when designing a geo-distributed Splunk architecture.

The organization’s data privacy obligations and compliance laws in each area must first be evaluated. Since they may specify where data can be processed and stored, it is essential to comprehend these laws, such as the CCPA in California and the GDPR in Europe.

Next, suggest a Splunk architecture that spans several sites. Ensuring that data from an area remains within its geographical boundaries as required by data privacy legislation requires the establishment of Index Clusters in each region. 

For high availability and to manage the volume of data, these clusters would be made up of several Indexers. Replicating and forwarding data with Splunk is essential for effective data transmission between locations. This would guarantee compliance while enabling local data collection and processing.

  1. Compare search head clustering and search head pooling.

When one search head goes down, Splunk’s high availability is made possible by search head clustering and pooling. Search head pooling is a long-standing feature that accomplishes the same goal as search head clustering despite the latter being recently added. 

Search head clustering, on the other hand, is more dependable and efficient than search head pooling. Therefore, search head pooling will be eliminated in later Splunk releases.

  1. Define the MapReduce algorithm.

These types of Splunk interview questions for production support or splunk siem interview questions seek answers like this

‘Faster data searching in Splunk is made possible via the MapReduce method. It is, in essence, a large-scale parallelization method that operates in batch mode. Well-known big data processing systems like Hadoop and Apache Spark employ it as well, drawing inspiration from functional programming’s map() and reduce() capabilities.’

  1. What is Splunk Btool?

On the Splunk Enterprise instance, the Splunk Btool command-line tool assists in identifying the parameters that are configured and where they are set. This command is helpful for resolving configuration file problems as well. 

The Splunk software merges and loads configuration files to facilitate task execution by generating a functioning set of configurations. In addition to assisting with the file merging process, the Splunk Btool offers a report about the combined settings.

  1. What is file precedence in Splunk?

File precedence is an aspect that developers, administrators, and architects must all take into account when troubleshooting Splunk. Most aspects pertaining to Splunk’s behavior are set via these configuration files. 

Due to the layered nature of these files’ existence in directories, file precedence provides insight into how Splunk evaluates them. Splunk uses each configuration’s context to determine which configuration files are most important and how to arrange the folders.

  1. How does the data age in Splunk?

Directories, usually referred to as buckets, are used to organize the material that is fed into an indexer. These pails go through several phases over time: from hot to warm, from cold to frozen, and then finally thawed. 

The indexer traverses the event processing pipeline. There are two phases to it: parsing separates them into discrete events, and indexing puts these events into the pipeline for further processing.

  1. How can you assign colors in a chart based on field names in Splunk?

Chart color assignments are necessary when generating reports and showcasing outcomes. The colors are typically chosen at random. 

What if, however, you wanted to choose your own colors? For instance, you may require that the chart show the graph in red when your sales figures drop below a certain level. So, how will it be possible to alter the color of a Splunk Web User Interface?

To change the panel settings from the user interface, you must first alter the panels that are created on top of a dashboard. After that, you can choose whatever color you want. You can also write code or input hexadecimal values to write instructions that select colors from a palette. 

However, Splunk UI is the better option since it allows you to simply and flexibly assign colors to various values according to the types of information in the line or bar chart. Additionally, you can set your values into a water gauge or radial gauge and apply various gradients.

  1. What are the various kinds of Splunk products?

This is another important splunk admin interview questions and answers or splunk basic interview questions. Splunk products are available in the following three versions as per the experts of interview questions on splunk.

  • Splunk Enterprise: This software is utilized by several IT firms. This programme examines information from various websites, apps, gadgets, sensors, etc. With this program, you may search, analyze, and visualize data from your IT or business infrastructure.
  • Splunk Cloud is essentially a Software as a Service (SaaS) platform that provides many of the same functionalities as enterprise versions, including SDKs and APIs. It is possible to track and sort user logins, lost passwords, unsuccessful login attempts, and server restarts.
  • Splunk Light: You can see, search through, and update your log data using this free version of Splunk. Compared to previous versions, this one is less feature- and capability-rich.

63. What is a Splunk Tool?

Splunk is a powerful software platform used for searching, monitoring, and analyzing machine-generated big data via a web-style interface. It captures, indexes, and correlates real-time data in a searchable repository, providing insights through reports, dashboards, and alerts.

64. How to Write Basic Splunk Queries?

Basic Splunk queries are written in the Search Processing Language (SPL). A simple query example is: index=your_index_name | stats count by source
65. What are 2 Features of Splunk?
Data Indexing and Searching and Visualization and Dashboards.

Splunk Fundamentals: Key Concepts and Architecture

It is crucial to have a solid understanding of Splunk’s fundamental concepts and architecture to excel in the interview. Let’s explore the essential elements of Splunk and its underlying architecture.

  1. Data Ingestion: Understanding how Splunk ingests & indexes data is fundamental. Explain data ingestion, the different data sources Splunk can handle, and the best practices for optimizing data input.
  2. Indexing and Search: Delve into Splunk’s indexing mechanism, including data parsing, indexing, and storing in buckets. Discuss the role of various index files and the search head in querying indexed data efficiently.
  3. Search Language: Splunk’s search language, SPL (Splunk Processing Language), is a powerful tool for querying and analyzing data. Discuss the basics of SPL, including search commands, functions, and how to construct effective searches.
  4. Splunk Data Models: Data models provide a way to accelerate data analysis. Explain the building of data models, their benefits, and how they facilitate faster searching and reporting.
  5. Splunk Apps and Add-ons: Explore the concept of Splunk apps and add-ons and their significance in extending Splunk’s functionalities for specific use cases. Discuss popular Splunk apps that the industry is using widely.

Advanced Splunk Techniques and Real-World Use Cases

Beyond the fundamentals, interviewers often seek candidates with expertise in advanced Splunk techniques and real-world implementation experiences. Let’s delve into some of the advanced topics and practical use cases.

  1. Complex Queries and Transformations: Demonstrate proficiency in constructing complex queries involving multiple commands, sub-searches, and transactions. Discuss how to use the eval command for field transformations and calculations.
  2. Splunk Data Onboarding: Share insights into handling large-scale data onboarding scenarios, including best practices for parsing and handling high-volume data streams.
  3. Splunk Enterprise Security: Discuss the Splunk Enterprise Security (ES) app and the app’s role in Security Information and Event Management (SIEM). Explain how ES assists in threat detection, incident response, and security monitoring.
  4. Machine Learning Toolkit: Showcase your knowledge of the Splunk Machine Learning Toolkit (MLTK) and its applications in anomaly detection, predictive modeling, and trend analysis.
  5. Splunk Dashboard and Reporting: Elaborate on creating visually appealing and insightful dashboards using Splunk’s dashboarding features. Discuss best practices for dashboard design and how to present data effectively.
  6. Real-World Use Cases: Provide examples of how Splunk has solved real-world challenges in various industries. Highlight specific use cases such as IT operations, cybersecurity, application monitoring, and business analytics.
  7. Best Practices and Performance Optimization: Offer insights into optimizing Splunk performance, including strategies for managing index size, search time, and resource allocation. Discuss best practices for maintaining a healthy and efficient Splunk environment.

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We hope these Splunk scenario based interview questions help you get into the flow and prepare for your Splunk interview!

If you are curious to know more about splunk and other DevOps tools, check out IIIT-B & upGrad’s Executive PG Program in Full Stack Software Development Program.



Kechit Goyal

Blog Author
Experienced Developer, Team Player and a Leader with a demonstrated history of working in startups. Strong engineering professional with a Bachelor of Technology (BTech) focused in Computer Science from Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1What is Splunk?

Splunk is a machine data analytics platform that lets you monitor, track, and troubleshoot your customers’ businesses in real time. This allows you to deliver insights that drive business value and gain actionable intelligence. You can also monitor a diverse set of inputs such as network and system logs, databases, websites, mobile applications, and operational technology OT system. Using this information to take immediate action and increase customer value is called real-time intelligence. Real-time intelligence lets you identify customer issues and take action before they impact customer satisfaction and business. The platform provides a searchable store of all customer generated data, including app usage, customer behaviour and business performance.

2What is the Splunk architecture?

Splunk is a server-based software application that collects, indexes and stores machine-generated data for trending, analysing and reporting. Splunk software is installed on a dedicated forwarder device or computer. This device is then connected to the target machine or server that it is collecting data from. The data is then sent to Splunk over the network and is stored in a database. Once the data is stored it can be used to perform various types of monitoring and reporting.

3What are search modes in Splunk?

You can gather data from a variety of different sources to analyse using Splunk. Splunk supports several search modes, representing different ways of interacting with data in Splunk. You can use the search bar to query the Splunk index and to generate search results without defining any search modes in advance. The 3 types of search modes in Splunk are – Fast, Smart, and Verbose modes.

4Is splunk used for logging?

Yes, Splunk is indeed used for logging, among other things. It’s a powerful platform for searching, analyzing, and visualizing machine-generated data, including logs from various sources such as applications, servers, network devices, and sensors.