Datastage is an ETL, i.e., Extract, Transform, and Load tool provided by IBM in its InfoSphere suite and Information Solutions Platforms suite. It is a popular ETL tool and is used for working with large data sets and warehouses to create and maintain the data repositories. In this article, we will look at the most frequently asked DataStage interview questions, and we will also provide the answers to these questions. If you are a beginner and interested to learn more about data science, check out our data science training from top universities.
The most common DataStage interview questions and answers are as follows:
DataStage Interview Questions & Answers
1. What is IBM DataStage, and why is it used?
DataStage is a tool provided by IBM and used to design, develop, and execute the applications to fill the data into data warehouses by extracting the data from databases from windows servers. It contains the feature of graphic visualizations for data integrations and can also extract data from multiple sources. It is therefore considered one of the most potent ETL tools. DataStage has various versions that companies can use based on their requirements. The versions are Server Edition, MVS Edition, and Enterprise Edition.
2. What are the characteristics of DataStage?
The characteristics of IBM DataStage are as follows:
- It can be deployed on local servers as well as the cloud as per the need and requirement.
- It is effortless to use and can increase the speed and flexibility of data integration efficiently.
- It supports big data and can access big data in many ways, such as JDBC integrator, JSON support, and distributed file systems.
3. Describe the DataStage architecture briefly.
IBM DataStage follows a client-server model as its architecture and has different architecture types for its various versions. The components of the client-server architecture are :
- Client components
- Table definitions
4. How can we run a job using the command line in DataStage?
The command is: dsjob -run -jobstatus <projectname> <jobname>
5. List a few functions that we can execute using the ‘dsjob’ command.
The different functions that we can perform using $dsjob command are:
- $dsjob -run: It is used to run the DataStage job
- $dsjob -stop: It is used to stop the job that is currently present in the process
- $dsjob -jobid: It is used for providing the job information
- $dsjob -report: It is used for displaying the complete job report
- $dsjob -lprojects: It is used for listing all the projects that are present
- $dsjob -ljobs: It is used for listing all the jobs that are present in the project
- $dsjob -lstages: It is used for listing all the stages of the current job
- $dsjob -llinks: It is used for listing all the links
- $dsjobs -lparams: It is used for listing all the parameters of the job
- $dsjob -projectinfo: It is used for retrieving the information about the project
- $dsjob -jobinfo: It is used for the information retrieval of the job
- $dsjob -stageinfo: It is used for the information retrieval of that stage of that job
- $dsjob -linkinfo: It is used for getting the information of that link
- $dsjob -paraminfo: It provides the information of all the parameters
- $dsjob -loginfo: It is used for getting the information about the log
- $dsjob -log: It is used for adding a text message in the log
- $dsjob -logsum: It is used for displaying the log data
- $dsjob -logdetail: It is used for displaying all the details of the log
- $dsjob -lognewest: It is used for retrieving the id of the newest log
6. What is a flow designer in IBM DataStage?
Flow designer is the web-based user interface of DataStage and is used to create, edit, load, and run the jobs in DataStage.
7. What are the main features of the flow designer?
The main features of the flow designer are:
- It is very useful to perform jobs with a large number of stages.
- There is no need to migrate the jobs to use the flow designer.
- We can use the provided palette to add and remove connectors and operators on the designer canvas using the drag and drop feature.
8. How to convert a server job to a parallel job in DataStage?
A server job can be converted to a parallel job using a Link collector and an IPC collector.
9. What is an HBase connector?
An HBase connector in DataStage is a tool used to connect databases and tables present in the HBase database. It is majorly used to perform the following tasks:
- Read and write data from and to the HBase database.
- Reading data in the parallel mode.
- Using HBase as a view table
10. What is a Hive connector?
Hive connector is a tool that is used to support partition modes while reading the data. It can be done in two ways:
- modulus partition mode
- minimum-maximum partition mode
11. What is Infosphere in DataStage?
The infosphere information server is capable of managing high volume requirements of the companies and delivers high-quality and faster results. It provides the companies with a single platform for managing the data where they can understand, clean, transform, and deliver enormous amounts of information.
12. List all the different tiers of InfoSphere Information Server?
The different tiers of the InfoSphere Information Server are:
- Client tier
- Services tier
- Engine tier
- Metadata Repository tier
13. Describe the Client tier of the Infosphere Information Server briefly.
The client tier of the Infosphere Information Server is used for the development and the complete administration of the computers using the client programs and consoles.
14. Describe the Services tier of Infosphere Information Server briefly.
The services tier of the Infosphere Information Server is used for providing standard services like metadata and logging and some other module-specific services. It contains an application server, various product modules, and other product services.
15. Describe the Engine tier of Infosphere Information Server briefly.
The engine tier of the Infosphere Information Server is a set of logical components used to run the jobs and other tasks for the product modules.
16. Describe the Metadata Repository tier of Infosphere Information Server briefly.
The metadata repository tier of the Infosphere Information Server includes the metadata repository, the analysis database, and the computer. It is used to share the metadata, shared data, and configuration information.
17. What are the types of parallel processing in the DataStage?
There are two different types of parallel processing, which are:
- Data Partitioning
- Data Pipelining
18. What is Data Partitioning?
Data partitioning is a type of parallel approach for data processing. It involves the process of breaking down the records into partitions for the processing. It increases the efficiency of processing in a linear model.
19. What is Data Pipelining?
Data Pipelining is a type of parallel approach for data processing where we perform the extraction of data from the source and then make them pass through a sequence of processing functions to get the required output.
20. What is OSH in DataStage?
OSH is an abbreviation of Orchestrate Shell and is a scripting language used in DataStage internally by the parallel engine.
21. What are Players?
Players in DataStage are the workhorse processes. They help us perform the parallel processing and are assigned to the operators on each node.
22. What is a collection library in the DataStage?
The collection libraries are the set of operators and are used to collect the partitioned data.
23. What are the types of collectors available in the collection library of DataStage?
The types of collectors available in the collection library are:
- Sortmerg collector
- Roundrobin collector
- Ordered collector
24. How is the source file populated in DataStage?
The source file can be populated using SQL queries and also by using the row generator extraction tool.
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What are the four main stages of Datastage?
IBM Datastage is a powerful tool for designing, developing, and executing the applications to fill the data into data warehouses by extracting the data from databases. Below are the four main stages of Datastage. Administrator is used for administration tasks which include setting up DataStage users and purging criteria, mobilizing and demobilizing projects, etc. The designer or design interface develops the Datastage applications OR jobs which are regulated by the director and run by the server. As the name suggests, manager maintains and manages the repositories and allows users to modify the stored data through it. The director performs various functions including validating the jobs, scheduling and executing them along with monitoring the parallel jobs.
For what purposes, the “dsjob” command is used?
The dsjob command is used for various functions including retrieving and displaying the data about projects or jobs. Here are some of the functions that can be executed using the dsjob command. $dsjob -run used to run the DataStage job, $dsjob -stop used to stop the job that is currently present in the process, $dsjob -jobid used for providing the job information, $dsjob -report used for displaying the complete job report, etc.
What are the characteristics of DataStage?
Datastage is a powerful data architecture tool and has various characteristics. Some of the characteristics of Datastage are as follows: Datastage can be deployed on the local servers and on the cloud servers depending on the user’s requirements. The speed and flexibility of data integration can be increased anytime and can be used efficiently. It supports big data and can access big data in many ways, such as JDBC integrator, JSON support, and distributed file systems.