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22 Best Java Project Ideas & Topics For Beginners With Source Code 2024 [Latest]

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22 Best Java Project Ideas & Topics For Beginners With Source Code 2024 [Latest]


In this article, you will learn the 22 Interesting Java Project Ideas & Topics. Take a glimpse below.

  1. Airline reservation system
  2. Data visualization software
  3. Electricity billing system
  4. e-Healthcare management system
  5. Email client software
  6. Library management system
  7. Network packet sniffer
  8. Explore our Popular Software Engineering Courses
  9. Online bank management system
  10. Online medical management system
  11. Online quiz management system
  12. Online Survey System
  13. RSS feed reader
  14. Smart city project
  15. Stock management system 
  16. Supply chain management system 
  17. Virtual private network
  18.  ATM simulation system
  19.  Customer relationship management system
  20.  E-magazine
  21.  Mobile tracking system
  22.  Currency converter application

Read the full article to know more about Java project Ideas & Topics in detail.

Java Projects & Topics

Java is a high-level, object-oriented, robust, class-based programming language designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is a computing platform for application development. 

The Java platform comprises a collection of programs that help software developers build and run Java programming applications efficiently. It is extensively used for developing Java applications in laptops, data centers, gaming consoles, scientific supercomputers, cell phones, and smartwatches.

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Java is one of the most popular and in-demand programming languages to learn. Thanks to its platform independence and multiplatform support, Java is a staple programming language of the IT and software sectors. Companies are always on the lookout for skilled Java Developers who can develop innovative Java projects. So, if you are a Java programming beginner, the best thing you can do is work on some real-time Java projects.

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We, here at upGrad, believe in a practical approach as theoretical knowledge alone won’t be of help in a real-time work environment. In this article, we will be exploring some interesting Java projects which beginners can work on to put their Java knowledge to the test. In this article, you will find 17 top Java project ideas for beginners to get hands-on experience in Java. These are the best Java projects for resumes.

But first, let’s address the more pertinent question that must be lurking in your mind: why build Java projects?

When it comes to careers in software development, it is a must for aspiring developers to work on their own projects. Developing real-world projects is the best way to hone your skills and materialize your theoretical knowledge into practical experience.

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Amid the cut-throat competition, aspiring Java Developers must have hands-on experience with real-world Java projects. In fact, this is one of the primary recruitment criteria for most employers today. As you start working on Java projects, you will not only be able to test your strengths and weaknesses, but you will also gain exposure that can be immensely helpful to boost your career.

So, here are a few Java Projects which beginners can work on:

Top Java Project Ideas For Students

This list of Java projects or Java topics list for students is suited for beginners, intermediates & experts. These Java projects will get you going with all the practicalities you need to succeed in your career as a Java developer.

Further, if you’re looking for Java projects for the final year, this list should get you going. So, without further ado, let’s jump straight into some Java projects that will strengthen your base and allow you to climb up the ladder.

Also, Check out online degree programs at upGrad.

Where can I find Java Projects?

You can find Java projects on several online platforms that host open-source code and project ideas. GitHub is a popular choice, offering a wide range of Java projects ranging from beginners to advanced levels. Additionally, forums like Stack Overflow can be useful for finding project ideas and getting help from other developers.

Here are some Java project ideas that should help you take a step forward in the right direction.

Best Java Project Ideas & Topics for Beginners

1. Airline reservation system

One of the best ideas to start experimenting hands-on with Java projects for students is working on an Airline reservation system. The airline reservations system is a web application that aims to automate the ticket booking system of airlines. The proposed airline reservation system is a web-based Java project. It is an online platform that customers can use to book their flight tickets and check their flight details. It is a comprehensive passenger processing system that includes inventory, fares, e-ticket operations, and online transactions. The main features of the airline reservation system are:

  • Reservation and cancellation of the airline tickets.
  • Automation of airline system functions.
  • Perform transaction management and routing functions.
  • Offer quick responses to customers.
  • Maintain passenger records and report on the daily business transactions.

This integrated airline reservation management application features an open architecture that encourages the addition of new systems and functionalities. This means that the app can be tweaked to keep up with the dynamic needs of the airline business. If you are looking for cool java projects to add to your resume, this is the one. Actually, this is one of the best topics in Java for solidifying your resume.

The VRS software suite incorporates four key modules, namely, user registration, login, reservation, and cancellation. This is one of the important java projects for beginners. The app allows for all communications to take place through a TCP/IP network protocol, thereby facilitating the usage of intranet and internet communications globally. The airline reservation system has many modules related to the application’s two major actors (Admin and Customer).

Source Code: Github

Looking to challenge yourself or expand your portfolio? Check out our curated list of computer science project ideas to inspire your next groundbreaking project.

2. Course management system

This is an excellent Java project for beginners. As the name suggests, this course management system is an online management software application designed for educational institutions. A course management system Java projects for resume is a collection of technologies and topics in java that allow the instructor to produce online course content and publish it on the web. You need not have in-depth knowledge of HTML or other programming languages. The primary goal of the project is to facilitate seamless interaction between students and instructors in schools, colleges, and universities concerning the submission of projects, assignments, and thesis and receiving feedback from instructors. This project has three interlinked modules: 

  • Administrator module – This module is designed exclusively for managing administrative functions like creating accounts for students and instructors, creating the curriculum, coding the subjects, managing the employees, payroll, and so on. Basically, this module lays the groundwork for the other two modules. 
  • Students module – This module is designed for the usage of students. They can log in to their accounts to view their coursework, submit their projects, get feedback from instructors, etc.
  • Instructor module – This module is for the instructors who can log in to their accounts and check the projects submitted by the students, communicate with the students, and offer guidance to them.

As we mentioned earlier, this project aims to promote the sharing of information between qualified instructors and students via the Internet. 

Source Code: Github

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3. Electricity billing system

This project is a modern version of the traditional electricity billing system. These Java projects for resume aims at serving the department of electricity by computerizing the billing system. The main focus of this Java project is to computerize the electricity billing system to make it more seamless, accessible, and efficient. It focuses on the calculation of units consumed during the specified time and the money to be paid to electricity offices. The software calculates the units consumed within a specified time duration and accordingly calculates the amount of money to be paid for those units. This is one of the excellent Java project ideas for beginners. The following features make the electricity billing system more service-oriented and straightforward:

  • It features a high-performance speed along with accuracy.
  • It allows for seamless data sharing between the electricity office and customers.
  • It is protected by high-security measures and controls.
  • It includes the necessary provisions for debugging.

Unlike the conventional billing system, this computerized software does not require a large number of human employees to handle and manage the process of bill generation. Once it is installed on the system, it will automatically calculate the units consumed and the bills from time to time and also provide the meter readings to each customer. You can continue to add new features in the system as and when user requirements change.

How to enhance electrical billing system:

  • Web-Based Interface: Allows user interaction via browsers.
  • User Input for Meter Readings: Customers manually enter meter readings.
  • Real-World Applications: Utilized by utility and property management companies.
  • Enhanced Communication: Improves company-customer interactions.
  • Automation of Data Collection: Directly collects data from meters.

Source Code: Github

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4. Email client software

So, why not use your skills to develop an impressive java project based on an email system? This project is an email program designed for sending and receiving electronic mail. In the project, you will use the standard sockets and networking along with Java Mail API. The project is developed through Java APIs. The project will need standard sockets and other networking in addition to the Java mail APIs. There are two main protocols used in the project – SMTP and POP3. This is one of the java projects for beginners. 

Usually, conventional email client software conducts electronic mailing through web browsers like Hotmail, Yahoo, Google, etc. Since these systems use HTTP port 80 to access all the emails, it is not precisely the best means to send sensitive or confidential messages. Hackers can easily hack into the software system and violate or misuse the data.

The project functions something like this – the ISP’s (Internet Service Provider) mail server handles the emails sent from an ISP. All the sent emails first come to the mail server, after which they are processed and forwarded to the collector’s destination where another mail server is located.

The mail server on the collector side receives the incoming emails and sorts them electronically in the inbox. Now, the recipient can use their email application to view the received emails. The entire transaction occurs by directly connecting to the mail server through the program, which makes it much safer than the existing email client software.

Source Code: Github

Also read: Event handling in Java

5. Library management system

This software project is implemented in Java using MS Access database design. It is designed for managing and maintaining libraries in any educational institution through an integrated computerized system. The library management software will allow librarians to operate more productively while handling the typical day-to-day tasks of a library. 

In a traditional library management system, everything is done manually. All the library operations and records, including the number of books, genres of books, names of books, records of the students who’ve issued/returned books, etc., are all done via pen and paper. Naturally, this process requires a significant amount of time, effort, and even human resources. If you are looking for final-year java projects, this is perfect for you.  

The proposed project seeks to solve all the challenges associated with the traditional library management system. Since it stores and manages all the library records in a computerized database, it eliminates the need for manual record-keeping. The software includes different modules, each of which handles and manages specific library operations. Mentioning Java projects can help your resume look much more interesting than others.

By using this software application, librarians and students need not search the entire library to find a book. They can enter the name and author of the book, and the system will display the list of all the possible books available for that search keyword/phrase. This is one of the best features of this library management software.

Source Code: Github

6. Online quiz management system

One of the best ideas to start experimenting you hands-on Java projects for students is working on online quiz management. This Java-based application proposes to create an online discussion platform that will consist of a wide range of questions on different topics, fields, and subjects. By creating a user-friendly environment of Bluebook implementation, this application is a resourceful tool for individuals who wish to practice mock quizzes and tests. Online quiz management system is one of the interesting java projects. 

In this project, you will build a comprehensive online platform for managing both quiz competitions and the participants in the different teams. This application can be used by academic institutions and any organization willing to find suitable candidates through the process of quizzing. 

The application permits multiple admins, each having their unique user id and password. While admins can create an “n” number of participating teams for a quiz, they can also set an “n” number of rounds for the quiz. All the participants will automatically receive the questions, and the teams will have to answer within an allotted time.

In case a team is unable to answer a question or gives the wrong answer, they’ll receive a negative marking. The teams having the lowest average score will be eliminated, and the remaining teams will continue to compete in the next level. This will continue until the winner is declared. The scores for each team will be automatically updated. And this is the perfect idea for your next Java project!

Source Code: Github

7. RSS feed reader

The goal of the RSS feed reader project is to minimize the delay between the publication of new content on the web and its appearance on the reader/aggregator. It allows the retrieval of the latest content posted on a website quickly on the aggregator, thus, making the content readily accessible to the users for reading. The RSS feed reader management system is equipped with improved content monitoring policies for all RSS feeds. 

The existing aggregator management applications use the homogeneous Poisson model that relies on a specific data source (either a webpage or RSS feed). As a result, these applications cannot adapt if the data source changes. They do not even have well-designed monitoring policies. This project incorporates and implements new content monitoring strategies to overcome the drawbacks of the existing aggregator management applications. The new RSS feed reader leverages a non-homogeneous Poisson model and delays matrices.

This RSS feed reader management system investigates the techniques used by RSS aggregation services to monitor web content and to retrieve the data promptly using minimal resources, to enable readers to access the content without delay. The project focuses mainly on the server-based aggregation scenario.

The proposed model has the following functional requirements:

  • It should be able to provide information from disparate data sources to all users.
  • The system should be able to run efficiently using minimal system resources.
  • The time delay must be minimized so that users can view the data quickly on their feed.
  • The aggregated content should be converted into a document format compatible with browsers.
  • The RSS content must be monitored at frequent intervals.

Source Code: Github

8. ATM simulation system 

Among the most user-oriented Java mini projects for engineering students, an ATM simulator offers an easy and effective way to deposit and withdraw money and check account balance. It is based on the command-line user interface, where a switch case executes all transactions (withdrawal and deposit) and balance checks. Each operation is followed by an instant account update, helping customers keep track of their transactions.

The system comprises two aspects — admin mode and user mode. The admin side allows the bank’s staff to register a new account, update existing accounts, delete obsolete accounts, and view user account records. Whereas, the user mode allows customers to perform transactions to another account, withdraw money, print receipts, and check balance. 

Key features of the ATM simulator system are as follows:

  • 24*7 banking service
  • Reduced human error
  • Banks will receive notification about any impending maintenance of ATM
  • Constant updation of bank records reduces backlogs in the system
  • Enhanced security between bank servers and customers
  • Improved customer service 

Source Code: Github

9. E-magazine

This is among the simplest Java mini projects. In this project, a platform is created mimicking an online magazine. In other words, an e-magazine offers the facilities and features of an online magazine, providing users with international and national news and articles categorized distinctly into separate sections.

With the advent of digitization, many publishers have shifted to the internet to provide digital versions of their printed magazines and journals. Some companies have entirely quit publishing printed versions to cut production costs and adopt more environment-friendly policies. Users of an e-magazine are generally classified into 2 categories — guests and paid users. Guests have access to only some features of the magazine, while paid users are given full access in exchange for a subscription fee.

This mini project in Java consists of 2 modules:

  • User Module- Allows customers to log in, read the magazine, post comments, publish advertisements, and submit articles.
  • Editor Module- Allows editors or the publisher to create new articles or content, edit articles, and see the magazine preview before publishing.

A few advantages of e-magazines are mentioned below:

  • Saves paper, making way for a more environmentally aware society.
  • Reduces cost significantly, thus increasing profit margin for publishers.

Source Code: Github

10. Currency converter application

If you are looking for Java mini projects for beginners, this is the perfect application for you to try your hand at. This simple project serves the purpose of converting different currency denominations.

Ajax is used to build this simple calculator-based application, and it offers a web-based interface. This project is equipped with a regular updation feature that enables it to keep up with the changing exchange rates. The app contains two fields, both denoting some currency. The user has to select the currency they want to convert and the one they want to convert into and then enter their preferred amount.

The app is extensively used in finance-related fields, businesses, and stock markets where currency exchange and transfer are done regularly.

Source Code: Github

Best Advanced Java Projects & Topics

11. Data visualization software

Data visualization is a crucial element in the modern industry driven by Data Science, Business Intelligence, and Business Analytics. It refers to the visual representation of data, either in a graphical or pictorial format. This is an important java projects for beginners. This data visualization project is all about providing an overview of the design and implementation techniques in data visualization. The objectives of this project are:

  • To deliver precise and effective communication of the insights hidden in the data through appropriate graphical or pictorial representations.
  • To offer relevant insights into complex datasets for conveying ideas effectively.
  • To stimulate the viewer’s attention and engagement while communicating accurate information.
  • To be functional as well as aesthetically pleasing.
  • For clear and effective communication of information through graphical or pictorial means.
  • To provide necessary insights into a complex set of data and information and convey ideas effectively.

This data visualization software displays the node connectivity in networking in the form of data visualization. You can use a mouse or a trackpad to locate it at different locations. The best part about the project is that you can enhance and tweak the software features and functions according to your requirements. Mentioning Java projects can help your resume look much more interesting than others.

Source Code: Github

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12. e-Healthcare management system

One of the best ideas to start experimenting with your hands-on Java projects for students is working on an e-Healthcare management system. The e-Healthcare management system is a web-based project that seeks to provide effective management of employee data and medical data of patients in hospitals and clinics.

Data mining techniques lies at the core of this project, which consists of 2 modules: an administration module and a client module. While the administration module is concerned with Medicare Management that includes healthcare departments, doctors, nurses, wards, and clerks, the client module is for patients. In many ways, business intelligence is revolutionizing healthcare.

The key features of the e-Healthcare management system are:

  • It establishes a clear line of contact and communication between doctors and patients.
  • It accurately analyses the usage percentage of the hospital resources, including laboratory equipment, bed occupation ratio, administration, medicines, etc.
  • It leverages the CRISP-DM (standard cross-industry process for data mining) creating an accurate and effective management system.
  • It eliminates the problems of missing data and incorrect data. 

Through these features, the e-Healthcare management system will help overcome the drawbacks and challenges of the existing healthcare management system. It will allow for the smooth management of hospital staff and quicken the process of delivery of healthcare services.

Source Code: Github

Also try: Python Project Ideas & Topics

13. Network packet sniffer

A network packet sniffer is a packet analyzer software used for monitoring network traffic. It is a web-based Java application that facilitates the web-based monitoring of network packets traveling across the system network. It is developed as a desktop application, and this packet sniffer facilitates web-based monitoring of network packets that are traveling over the system network. The primary data captured by this software are the packet source and destination addresses. By using this software application, the Admin can capture network packets and analyze the data received and sent from/to the network. The software helps capture the source of the network packets and the destination address.

The main objective of this project is to establish a set of rules during runtime to prevent hackers from attacking the system software with viruses and malware. Unlike standard network hosts that only track the traffic sent exclusively to them, this software application captures each packet, and decodes it for analysis as the data streams flow across a network. Some of the most commendable features of this software application are:

  • 24×7 network monitoring
  • Real-time packet capturing
  • Advanced protocol analyzing
  • Complex network analyzing
  • Automatic packet-level analysis
  • Comprehensive packet decoding

Source Code: Github

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14. Online bank management system

This is one of the most interesting Java projects to create. This project focuses on developing an online banking system. The main aim is to create an online banking platform that is accessible from any location, so customers need not go to the bank branches for routine banking operations like money withdrawal, money transfer, balance inquiry, etc. 

Bank Management System Project In Java – The Bank Management system (BMS) is a program that allows the Bureau of the Fiscal Service to pay financial institutions for services rendered. BMS also has analytical tools that may be used to examine and approve pay, budgets, and outflows.

Visiting the physical branches of banks is not only time-consuming but can also be hectic, thanks to long queues and waiting times. Not to forget, running to banks for every minor banking task creates an unnecessary burden on bank staff. These issues can be addressed by developing an online banking system that will offer seamless and prompt banking services to customers. However, to use this software application, a user must be registered with the system. To do so, the user has to create a unique username and password for securely logging in to the application.

This online bank management application will provide the following services to customers:

  • Customers can view their account details such as type of account, available balance, interest rate on available loans, credit/debit statements, etc. from any remote location.
  • Customers can check their transaction history which includes necessary information like transaction time, type, and amount.
  • It will display the amount of deposited cash or withdrawn cash along with the date of deposition/withdrawal.

Source Code: Github

15. Online medical management system

This is another web-based Java project that is designed to create a direct line of communication between doctors and patients. The project is known as “Virtual Medicine Home.” By using this application, patients can book online appointments with their preferred doctors, and doctors can offer healthcare suggestions, e-prescriptions, and view the patient’s medical records, lab reports, etc. The application also lets users look for and connect with blood and eye donors. This is one of the excellent java project ideas for the current time. 

In conventional healthcare service systems, all medical management operations are manual. The problem is more pronounced in remote and rural areas that lack proper medical infrastructure, qualified healthcare professionals, and sophisticated medical equipment. This is one of the java projects for beginners. Furthermore, there are no provisions for recording and storing medical data. This online medical management system can help bridge all these problems by linking doctors and patients directly. 

The application has two modules — an Admin module and a Doctor module. The Admin module manages the online software system, and the Doctor module allows doctors to interact with patients. Anyone can access the services provided by this app from any location via the Internet. 

Source Code: Github

Also, Get your hands on: Full stack project ideas & topics

16. Online Survey System

The main aim of developing this online survey system is to conduct an online survey on different topics for the users. This is a project for creating an online survey system using Java as the foundation. The focus of the project is to build an online platform that can efficiently collect the viewpoints of the target audience of a survey via the Internet. This application can launch online surveys and also send email notifications.  Any organization in any industry can use this application to conduct online surveys to obtain necessary information from their target audience groups. 

In this survey application, only the users authenticated by the Admin can cast their vote and express their opinion on a particular issue or topic. Once the users submit the votes, the software will collect them using the ratio button or checkbox. It will then automatically add the votes to each alternative and display the result after the deadline of the survey.

The main features of this online survey system project include:

  • It is coded in Java with MySQL server database.
  • It can hide the identity of users/voters, thereby collecting all the information in confidentiality.
  • It collects the votes using the ratio button or checkbox.
  • It can be installed anywhere at an affordable cost.

Since the survey is conducted online, it eliminates several hours of manual labor, along with a significant reduction in survey costs. 

Source Code: Github

17. Smart city project

The Smart City project is a web-based software application built to store all the essential details of a city. Cities and urban areas witness a massive wave of people coming from every corner in search of jobs, education, and even a better lifestyle. In the initial days after the move, people don’t know the main facilities, attractions, and services offered in the city. The smart city project seeks to address that by creating an integrated platform to store essential and related information to guide newcomers in a city.

The application will provide visitors, students, and job seekers information like hotels, renting facilities, transportation services, healthcare services, airline ticket booking, shopping landmarks, emergency helplines, and basically every information that one needs when in a new city. It is like a smart city guide for visitors.

Users can connect to the application via the Internet and browse all the smart city web pages to get the details they need. Users can see the entire map of a city along with the important landmarks. This will make their movement across the city much more comfortable. Mentioning java projects can help your resume look much more interesting than others.

The smart city application has five modules:

  • Administration module – It is the central controller of the application. It uploads all the new information on the site and authenticates user profiles, and supervises the maintenance of the other four modules.
  • Tourism module – As the name suggests, this module handles all the tourism-related operations in the city, such as hotels, restaurants, tourist attractions, ATMs, theatres, and so on. A user authenticated by the administration module becomes the primary user of this module.
  • Student module – This module is designed specifically for helping students move around the city. It contains all the academia-related information for students, including the location of the best educational institutes, libraries, coaching centers, technical colleges, universities, colleges, etc.
  • Jobseekers module – This module contains important information on the job opportunities available in the city. Users can access all kinds of job-related information across various industries. The main objective of this module is to help the city administration to combat unemployment problems in the city.
  • Business module – This module focuses on offering business-related news, information, and opportunities in the city. Users can access information on trade and business centers and industries in the city. 

Source Code: Github

Must Read: Java Interview Question & Answers.

18. Stock management system

This is one of the trending Java projects. This web-based Java application is designed to manage stocks for companies and organizations and also handle the sale and purchase of their products. The principle goal of this undertaking is to oversee stock for an organization or association and deal with the acquisition of items. The stock management system includes different modules and features for adding, editing, viewing, and deleting items in the system database.

Usually, the manual stock management method run with pen and paper is not only labor-intensive but also time-consuming. This approach lacks a proper data organization structure, which can give rise to many risks associated with data mismanagement. This stock management project is a more efficient and improved approach to stock data management. It is much more secure and reliable than the manual method.

In the application, the login page makes the system module. The Admin can use this module to log in to the system through a valid user ID and password. Once logged in, the Admin can control these features: 

  • Enter stock
  • View stock
  • Dispatch stock
  • Move stock

The Admin can update and monitor all necessary information associated with stock management, including category, customer details, stock details, stock purchase, stock sales, stock entries, stock entries payments, stock sales payments, supplier details, etc. The application further includes other functions like printing payment receipts, viewing purchase reports and sales reports, and so on. 

Source Code: Github

Learn more: Top 21 Java Interview Questions & Answers for Freshers

19. Supply chain management system

This is one of the interesting Java projects. Supply chain management refers to the management of businesses interconnected over a network. It includes a whole range of management procedures like handling, storage, and movement of raw materials, inventory, and transporting finished goods from the source to its final destination.

This project aims to smoothen the supply chain management process by closely monitoring the dealers and clients and continually tracking the products through the different points in the supply chain. Using this application, a company can directly communicate with its clients, obtain the product requirements, manufacture the product to fit those requirements, and finally ship it off to the client. 

This project uses JSP, JDBC, and HTML for the front-end and MS Access as the back-end database. It is a web-based application that will automate the system of communication between the management or admin, dealers, and clients of the company. There are three modules in this application:

  • Admin module – The Admin uses this module to check information on the manufactured products, newly launched products, and products that must be delivered to the clients.
  •  Dealer module – This module keeps track of all the essential information concerning the dealers, particularly the record of items. Dealers can generate and update the item list for a product using this module. 
  • Client module – The client uses this module to provide the necessary specifications of a product. The client feedback is processed through this module and forwarded to the Admin. 

By using this application, the clients can directly convey their product requirements to the manufacturer, who then contacts multiple vendors to acquire the necessary resources for making the product. The dealers usually create a list of items as per the product information provided to them, after which the manufacturer selects the materials that best fit the specifications given by the client.

Then, the selected list of items is forwarded to the inventory department for processing, after which the manufacturing begins. Once the production is complete, the accounts department calculates the raw materials costs and manufacturing costs to generate the total bill. Finally, the product, along with the invoice, is shipped to the client. The client is free to offer feedback on the received product.

Source Code: Github

20. Virtual private network

VPN is one of the trending java projects. The goal of building this virtual private network (VPN) is to extend a private network across a public domain (for example, the Internet). A VPN is created by setting up a point-to-point virtual connection via traffic encryption, dedicated connections, or virtual tunneling protocols.

There are three interconnected modules in this VPN project: 

  • Administration module – This module monitors all the office operations and manages the staff details. 
  • Marketing module – This module handles everything related to the marketing operations of the software application.
  • Training module – This module manages all the technical operations like software testing, networking, call center, and J2EE training.

Confidentiality, authentication, and data integrity are the three core elements of this VPN security model. The other pivotal features of this application are:

  • It allows for the addition of new clients, a feature better known as “scalability.” This feature allows a company/organization to accommodate new clients in the network as it expands. 
  • It uses a remote backup server to prevent the system from failing due to sudden crashes. Since a VPN handles a large volume of files that are created every day, it is crucial to have a remote backup server to process all the requests coming from the client to the server and vice-versa.
  • It uses a remote monitoring system to keep track of the activities of every client or individual connected to the VPN. This ensures that the privacy and security of the network remain intact.
  • As is true of all VPNs, this VPN application, too, has the provision for certification in the system. When two or more LAN (Local Area Network) systems interact, certification is mandatory to protect the system’s security. 
  • It triggers and sends acknowledgment signals to notify clients of successful data transfer (whether or not the data has successfully reached the desired destination).

Source Code: Github

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21. Customer relationship management system

The CRM system is designed with the aim to assist businesses in keeping digital records of all customer interactions. If you are considering Java projects for final year, this project is the best choice. It provides the source code for Java and uses the Spring framework. The project requires sound knowledge of MySQL, JSpring framework, Java database connectivity, and HTTP. 

This application aims to help businesses improve customer satisfaction by providing access to past, present, and potential customer data and help maintain them efficiently. CRM systems operate by collecting customer data from various sources like the company’s website, live chats, social media, telephone, emails, etc.

This mini project in Java is an open-source desktop application consisting of 3 main roles — admin, user, and employee. The primary user is the admin, who can change product-related details like adding, deleting, and updating. They can also change the FAQs and keep track of user history, employee details, complaints, inquiries, etc. 

Employees can access complaints, inquiries, and product lists and also keep profiles updated with information collected from emails, calls, and chats. This reduces the time to resolve customer issues, enhancing the overall customer experience.

Conversely, users can view product details, raise complaints, view FAQs, and make service/product-related inquiries.

Some advantages of the CRM system are:

  • Build a robust and secure CRM application.
  • Drive customer engagement
  • Contains records of users, employees, complaints, resolutions, and more.
  • Provide error-free application

Source Code: Github

22. Mobile tracking system

Of all the Java project topics, this one ranks among the top useful application ideas. Mobile phones are no longer used for luxury but have become a necessity in the modern world. With violent incidents becoming commonplace, safety concerns have increased manifold in the last couple of years. This is where Java mini projects like this come in handy. 

As the name suggests, the mobile tracking system tracks the present location of a user’s phone. This web application is developed on MySQL database using PHP. It constantly updates the location of the chosen device every five seconds through a central tower. The system sends the server the mobile ID and location, along with the time the device was present at the location.

The system has to be installed in the chosen device, following which each device is assigned a unique ID. This ensures you can track the desired mobile phone from anywhere, anytime. This project aims to boost security and consists of two primary components: the web application (serves as the admin) and mobile tracking software installed on the phone to be tracked. 

Source Code: Github

Why Java?

Although Java is a relatively new programming language (it was launched in the early 1990s), it has created a unique niche in the IT industry. Java is the driving force behind some of the largest organizations, including Airbnb, Uber, eBay, Pinterest, Groupon, Spotify, Intel, Symantec, TCS, Infosys, Wipro, Flipkart, and TripAdvisor, to name a few.

As an OOP language, Java has a modular structure, making solving complex problems significantly easier. Thus, programmers can write reusable codes with Java, enhancing the development process. Additionally, Java offers various features, such as polymorphism, abstraction, inheritance, and encapsulation, that further simplify the code-writing process. Easy to program and run, Java-based applications can be developed to operate on one computer as well as multiple client and server systems within a network.

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The five main reasons for Java’s popularity are:

  • Platform independence – Java runs on the WORA (Writing Once, Run Anywhere). A Java code is compiled into an intermediate format (a.k.a. bytecode), which is then executed in the JVM (Java Virtual Machine). So, any system running a JVM can execute Java code. Furthermore, JRE (Java Runtime Environment) is compatible with all three operating systems – Linux, macOS, and Windows.
  • Multi-threaded – Java has inbuilt multithreading capabilities, which means that you can develop highly interactive and responsive apps with multiple concurrent threads of activity using Java.
  • Object-oriented – Java is a purely object-oriented language. Inspired by C and C++, Java extends the functionality of these languages to become a pure object-oriented programming language. Abstraction, encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism are some of its core OOP features. 
  • Secure – When it comes to safety, Java incorporates a host of safety features into the runtime systems, including runtime checking and static type-checking at the time of compilation. With these features in place, it is pretty challenging to hack into a Java application from an external source.
  • Robust – Java leverages a simple memory management model reinforced by automatic garbage collection. Since Java objects do not require external references, Java code is robust. Besides, it also encourages developers to adopt productive programming habits for developing secure and reliable applications. The more you experiment with different java projects, the more knowledge you gain.
  • Open source – Java’s position as the second most trending programming language worldwide (IEEE Spectrum) in 2023 primarily rests on it being freely available for use; in other words, it is open source. This makes it ideal for developers and programmers of various competencies looking to build apps of their own. They can even access the latest versions of Oracle JDK and Open JDK free of charge through the Java Development Kit.
  • API rich – Consisting of approximately 52 keywords, Java boasts a rich and extensive API (Application Programming Interface). Thus, making projects in Java is easy, with a multitude of methods available for use in any program directly. Developers can accomplish any task with Java API methods, whether handling output input, networking, processing XML, or connecting to databases.
  • Community backup – Java’s robust and active community is among the many reasons for its continuing popularity. The Java Community, Stack Overflow, and Java in General are some of the top communities where developers and beginners alike can find assistance when faced with a problem. If you are developing core Java projects or seeking project ideas for Java, you can find extensive and reliable support on these websites from expert developers.
  • Documentation support – Another factor contributing to Java’s immense popularity is its detailed documentation feature. Javadoc, a well-documented guide, provides solutions to developers who face problems while coding any application or program.
  • Development tools – In addition to frameworks, integrated development environments (IDE), and profilers, Java has an arsenal of various automation, debugging, and editing tools. Java has tools for every type of development project along with various stages of development. Different projects in Java require the use of different tools. These include Maven for building applications, Jenkins for integration and delivery, JIRA for bug tracking and planning, and Splunk for monitoring, to name a few.
  • User-friendly – Java offers an easy learning curve with its simple English syntax and use of minimum special characters. This makes it easy for beginners and professionals to master this language. Basic knowledge of programming languages like C and C++ is all that is needed to learn Java and build projects using Java later. Resources are readily available online on various websites, mostly for free.

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Read more: What is Type Casting in Java

Standard uses of Java

Java is a versatile programming language, and it finds applications in many areas of software and app development. Java is used for developing Android apps and helps us create enterprise software, scientific computing applications, and big data analytics. Some of the most popular applications of Java include:

Software Tools

Java is the backbone and foundation for numerous software tools. It is widely used for both open-source and commercial software projects. Eclipse, IntelliJ IDEA, BlueJ, JDeveloper, and NetBeans IDE are some of the most popular IDEs for creating Java applications and tools. 

Our learners also read: Java free online courses!

Android Applications

Java plays an important role in the development of Android Applications because the logic used in the particular business is written in Java. Java topics list is used for writing code for Android applications. Eclipse IDE is perhaps the most extensively used development environment for writing and building Android apps. Kotlin, the programming language designed explicitly for JVM and Android platforms, is also heavily inspired by Java.

Web Applications

Owing to its flexibility, reliability, and high performance, Java is an excellent choice for developing web applications. Java provides support for web applications via JSPs and Servlets. The Java Servlet runs on the server side without an application of its own as an application GUI. Many web applications are developed using the Java Servlets extension. Plus, you can use Java Web Applications for building dynamic websites. It gives a fast and straightforward way to create dynamic content.

Read: Python vs Java: Which one should you choose?

Scientific Applications 

When it comes to scientific applications, Java is preferred over C++ since it boasts a comprehensive suite of concurrency tools. Moreover, Java code is stable, secure, and robust, which is a prerequisite for scientific applications. 

Now that you know the best features of Java and its uses let’s get into the core topic of our discussion – Java projects. After completing their graduation in Software Engineering, every aspiring Java Developer is faced with the question, “What to do next?”

Our answer to that is, start looking for Java project ideas to build your very own Java projects!

Check out all trending Java Tutorials in 2024

What is the Importance of Building Java Projects for Students During Learning?

Java, a versatile and powerful programming language, has been a staple in the software development landscape for decades. Learning Java offers aspiring programmers a solid foundation in coding principles and object-oriented programming concepts. However, theoretical knowledge alone might not be sufficient to master the language effectively and succeed in the practical world. The practical application of Java concepts through project-based learning is of paramount importance. Building java mini project during the learning process is crucial:

  • Hands-On Learning

Java projects provide the students with a hands-on learning experience that reinforces theoretical knowledge. Working on projects allows learners to apply concepts in real-world scenarios, deepening their understanding and retention of Java programming constructs.

  • Practical Problem Solving

Java projects often involve tackling real-world problems requiring learners to analyze, design, and implement solutions. However, this practical problem-solving experience hones critical thinking skills and fosters creativity.

  • Understanding Language Features

Through project development, learners discover how to leverage Java’s rich feature set effectively. They learn to work with data structures, algorithms, classes, and libraries, gaining insights into the language’s capabilities.

  • Project Planning and Management

Building Java projects teaches essential project planning and management skills. Learners must define project scopes, set milestones, allocate resources, and manage their time effectively to complete projects successfully.

  • Collaboration and Teamwork

Many real-world software projects are developed collaboratively. Engaging in Java projects simulates this environment, teaching learners to collaborate, share code, review others’ work, and manage version control using platforms like Git.

  • Portfolio Development

A collection of simple java projects showcases a learner’s skills to potential employers or collaborators. A well-structured portfolio demonstrates practical expertise, making it an invaluable asset during job searches or when seeking freelance opportunities.

  • Practical Application of Algorithms and Data Structures

Java projects provide a platform to learners to implement and experiment with various algorithms and data structures. This hands-on experience is crucial for understanding their nuances and performance implications.

  • Debugging and Troubleshooting

Real-world projects often encounter bugs and errors. Debugging these issues enhances problem-solving skills and teaches learners to use debugging tools effectively, a crucial skill for any programmer.

  • Project Complexity Gradation

Learners can start with small projects and gradually move on to more complex ones as they become proficient. This progression helps build confidence and prevents feeling overwhelmed by the complexity of larger projects.

  • Understanding Software Development Life Cycle

Building Java projects exposes learners to the complete software development life cycle – from requirements gathering and design to implementation, testing, and deployment. This holistic understanding is valuable for anyone aspiring to work in the software industry.

  • Portfolio Diversity

By working on numerous projects, learners can explore domains such as web development, mobile app development, game development, and more. This exposure helps them discover their interests and strengths.

  • Applying Design Patterns

Java projects provide opportunities to implement common design patterns. Familiarity with these patterns is essential for writing maintainable, scalable, and efficient code.

  • Learning from Mistakes

Mistakes are inevitable during project development. Dealing with errors and setbacks helps learners develop resilience and learn from missteps, contributing to their growth as programmers.

  • Preparation for Real-World Challenges

Building Java projects mimics developers’ challenges in the real world, such as integrating third-party libraries, optimizing code for performance, and ensuring security. This prepares learners for the demands of professional programming.


These are a few java projects that you could try out! In this article, we have covered top Java projects. Start with the java projects for beginners that best fit your present knowledge, skill set, and difficulty level. Start with the basic level and gradually move on to more advanced-level projects as your skill and expertise level matures. That is why it is one of the most popular programming languages in the world. Even beginners can start with Java fundamentals and build their way up as they progress in their learner’s journey.

Only by working with tools and practice can you understand how infrastructures work in reality. Now go ahead and put to test all the knowledge that you’ve gathered through our Java projects guide to building your very own java projects!

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Rohan Vats

Blog Author
Software Engineering Manager @ upGrad. Passionate about building large scale web apps with delightful experiences. In pursuit of transforming engineers into leaders.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1Why do programmers prefer Java?

Java is known as one of the most user-friendly and approachable programming languages because of its easy syntax and understandable codes. It's an object-oriented programming language that's network-centric and multi-platform. The Java Platform is a set of technologies that enable developing and running Java applications easier for programmers. The WORA (Write once, run everywhere) idea applies to Java applications since they can operate on practically any computing platform. Java is platform-independent. Some Java applications created on one platform can be executed on another. It's a multithreaded programming language with automated memory management. It's made for the scattered nature of the Internet.

2Why should I learn Java?

Java has a variety of characteristics that distinguish it from other programming languages and environments, making it suitable for practically every programming assignment. To begin with, Java is easy to learn since it was designed to be user-friendly, making it easier to write, develop, debug, and learn than other programming languages. Second, it is object-oriented, allowing you to create reusable modular programs and code. Finally, Java is platform-agnostic, which is one of its biggest benefits since it can easily go from one computer system to another, which other programming languages can't do. Because of its durability, ease of use, cross-platform adaptability, and security features, Java has become the language of choice for providing global Internet solutions.

3Do businesses use Java?

Yes, Java is utilized to address the technological demands of a wide range of industries and enterprises. It's used to process transactions in the financial business, for example. The IT sector employs the bulk of Java developers since it is employed in information technology to manage implementation needs. Companies use it in the stock market because algorithms assist them in determining which stocks to invest in. As a result, Java isn't limited to a particular application. It is used by many big organizations, including Facebook, Deloitte, Google, Samsung, CapitalOne, and others.