20 Exciting Software Development Project Ideas & Topics for Beginners [2021]

Software development projects are are an integral part of a Software Engineer/Developer’s career graph. Once you attain the requisite knowledge and skills in software development, if you don’t put that knowledge and expertise to test, they’ll be of little or no use. This is why Software Developers readily take on software development projects immediately after completing their formal education. 

In the present industry, if you wish to land a promising job in the field of Software Development, you must have a few software development projects under your belt. As a matter of fact, during interviews for Software Development job roles, almost all potential employers will ask you whether or not you have any unique programming project ideas and if you have worked on any real-world development projects. These projects can also be used as final year project ideas for IT students. 

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By working on live software development projects, you can spice up your resume and also position yourself as an ideal candidate for Software Development roles. 

In this post, we’ll talk about 20 interesting Software Development project ideas that are excellent for honing your programming and development skills.

Software Development Project Ideas

This list of software engineering projects for students is suited for beginners, and those just starting out with software engineering in general. These software engineering projects will get you going with all the practicalities you need to succeed in your career as a software engineering professional. The focal point of these software engineering projects is software engineering algorithms for beginners, i.e., algorithms that don’t require you to have a deep understanding of software engineering, and hence are perfect for students and beginners.

Further, if you’re looking for software engineering project ideas for final year, this list should get you going. So, without further ado, let’s jump straight into some software engineering project s that will strengthen your base and allow you to climb up the ladder.

1. Android task monitoring

This project is exclusively designed to simplify the tracking and monitoring of day-to-day activities of the busy modern life. We are so busy in our daily lives right now that it becomes impossible to keep track of our daily events, meetings, and appointments. To address this issue, this project focuses on developing a Weekly Task Alerting System for Android devices that can alert users of the tasks/appointments that are scheduled for each day in a week. 

The project is primarily a reminder app powered by an AI chatbot that reminds users of all the tasks that are due daily. Users can use this application to set goals and achieve them, thereby increasing productivity and simplifying their lives. 

2. Sentiment analysis for product rating

This project aims to develop a sentiment analysis system for product rating. It is an e-commerce web application. The main goal of this sentiment analysis system is to understand the hidden sentiments of customers in feedback and comments and analyze their product rating patterns. 

When registered customers use this app to view products, product features, and comment on different products, the sentiment analysis system will analyze the comments of various users and ranks products accordingly. The system leverages a database of sentiment-based keywords (including positivity or negativity weight).

So, when a user comments on a particular product, the sentiment analysis system analyzes the keywords in the comment to find the match with the keywords stored in the database. After analyzing the matches against the positive and negative keywords and sentiments, the system ranks a product as good, bad, and very bad. Thus, users can use this application to find out reviews on a product.

3. Fingerprint-based ATM system

This project is a desktop application that uses the fingerprint of users for authentication. Since each individual has a unique fingerprint, this method of using fingerprint as a means of authentication to access your ATM is safer and more secure than using an ATM card. Users need not carry their ATM cards with them at all times – they can use their fingerprint to access ATM services. 

To use the fingerprint-based ATM system, users have to log in to their account using their fingerprint. After logging in, once they provide their unique pin, they can conduct all kinds of banking transactions, from withdrawing cash to money transfer, and even viewing their account balance. Furthermore, users can also check the last five transactions from their account.

4. Advanced employee management system

Usually, large companies and organizations have a vast army of human resources working under them. In such scenarios where there’s a significant number of human employees to manage, it becomes challenging to supervise and manage the activities of the human resources efficiently. Such companies/organizations need an advanced employee management system that can handle everything related to the company’s human resources.

This project aims to build an employee management system that consolidates all the relevant information on a company’s human resources. It has two major components – Admin and Employee. The Admin is in charge of the company information, leave management and payroll, and can also add and tweak employee details. Likewise, employees can use the system to check their leave status, view salary details, yearly holiday list, and also for voicing grievances or resigning. This can be one of the final year project ideas for IT students. 

Learn more: Evolution of Language Modelling in Modern Life

5. Image encryption using AES algorithm

When it comes to communication and imaging systems, you need to incorporate the highest level of security in place. Without a reliable and secure system, there’s a massive threat to sensitive data. Cybercriminals and hackers are always on the lookout for hacking into confidential data, which puts it at risk of being violated. 

This project seeks to create a sophisticated image encryption system by using the AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) algorithm to prevent intrusion attacks of imaging systems and misuse of digital images. Since the system encrypts the images using the AES algorithm, they can only be viewed by the receiver and the sender. This encryption system is more secure than DES or triple DES systems.

Read: Full Stack Development Project Ideas

6. Fingerprint voting system

In this project, you will develop a fingerprint-based voting application that can recognize users based on their fingerprint patterns. Since fingerprint authentication is unique for each person, the system can quickly identify the voters using their fingerprints. Naturally, a voter can vote for a candidate only once.

The Admin adds all the names and photos of the candidates nominated for the election. The Admin then authenticates users by verifying their identity proof, and after verification, the voter is registered in the system. Furthermore, the Admin even enters the data when the election will end, after which the system will automatically delete the names and photos of the candidates and voters.

The users can log in to the system via the unique user ID and password given by the Admin and then use their fingerprints to vote for their preferred candidate. Once the election is over, and the votes are counted, Both the Admin and users can view the election result using the election ID.

7. Weather forecasting system

Weather forecasting systems use a combination of science and technology to make accurate predictions on weather conditions of a particular location at a particular time. Weather forecast systems and applications predict weather conditions based on multiple parameters, such as pressure, temperature, humidity, wind speed, etc.

This weather forecasting project is a web application. It has a graphical user interface where users can log in via their user ID and password. This weather forecast application is different from the conventional weather forecast systems where you only enter the location.

However, in this application, the users will manually enter the current parameters of a location, and the system will predict the weather conditions of the place by using historical data stored in the database. The Admin continually updates the database by entering the data of past weather conditions. Since the system mainly relies on historical data, the predictions will be much more accurate and reliable.

8. Android local train ticketing system

In this project, you will develop a ticketing application for local trains. Users can use the app to book tickets for local trains and receive online booking receipts. They can print these online booking receipts as a hard copy proof for traveling via local trains. 

The application consists of two accounts – Admin account and User account. Using the Admin account, the Admin can recharge the user account balance and view all the processed tickets of a user. When users log in to the application, they have to fill a ticket booking form to book tickets for the local trains traveling to their preferred destination.

In the booking form, users can t choose both the source and destination. The system will also provide the option for a single-route journey or return journey along with the travel class (first class or second class). 

Also try: Web Development Project Ideas

9. Railway tracking and arrival time prediction system

This project is a railway tracking system that allows users to obtain relevant information about train timing, whether it is on time or running late, what is the arrival time in a particular station, and so on. The system can track the time of departure of a train from a station and forward this information to the upcoming stations.

If the system identifies a delay in the departure of a train from a particular station, it will pass the information on to the next stations. This project delivers real-time train schedule events to multiple subscribing client applications.

This tracking system consists of an Admin module. The Admin enters all the relevant details about trains and their arrival timing on different stations, which is then forwarded to the next station via an Internet server. Usually, the Admins add information such as train departed from a station, expected arrival at the next destination, delay in the train schedule, etc.

Once the upcoming station receives this data, it will automatically select the data associated with that station and display the same on the screen for the users to see. So, if the Admin at Mumbai station enters information specific to Delhi station, only the Delhi station system will display that information. The station masters at every station have unique login IDs using which they can update the train arrival time at their station. 

10. Android Patient Tracker

This project involves the development of an Android application for viewing and managing patient data. The app is designed to help doctors to see the medical history of their patients. Doctors can also continually upgrade the system by entering the latest medical data of their patients. 

This app can be installed on any Android device. Doctors can log in the app from their Android smartphones and enter relevant information about their patients, including patient name, disease history, medication administered, date of arrival, and consultation and treatment costs, among other things. Once the information is saved on the system, it will be stored for the perusal of doctors for their future cases. So, if a patient comes for a follow-up routine, doctors can immediately check up on their medical history and provide the necessary medical treatments. This is one of the popular projects for final year project ideas for IT students. 

Also read: Python Project Ideas for Beginners

11. Opinion mining for social networking platforms

This web application uses opinion mining methodology for improved decision making and enhancing customer experience. The application collects and analyzes the comments and feedback on different users on social networking platforms (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, etc.) and categorizes them as positive and negative reviews.

Similar to the sentiment analysis system, this application, too, has a database containing sentiment-based keywords with positivity or negativity weight. So, it analyzes the keywords mined from the user comments against the keywords stored in the database. Accordingly, the comments are ranked as good, bad, and worst reviews (based on their positive or negative weight).

The Admin updates the database with new and relevant keywords. Users can log in to the application to view their status. They can also view the topics and comments posted by other users. By clicking on a particular topic or comment, users can provide their take on the matter. Also read about Top 4 types of sentiment analysis & where to use.

12. Automated payroll system with GPS tracking and image capture

This automated payroll system doubles up as a web and Android application – while the user will use the Android interface, the Admin (usually the HR) will use the web interface. 

The application works something like this – each employee is given an employee ID and password for accessing the app from their Android device. When an employee logs into the system from an Android device and immediately, the user image is captured. Then, the system sends the user image and their GPS location to the Admin.

As long as the user stays logged into the system via an Android device, the GPS location will continue to be automatically updated and forwarded to the Admin every five minutes. When the user logs out, their image and GPS location are again sent to the Admin. 

This application allows Admins to keep track of employee attendance and payroll. The Admin creates employee profiles for each employee by entering all the relevant personal information (name, job position, qualification, etc.). They can also check the salary details and breakdown of the salary of each employee by entering the employee ID and date.

Since the application is GPS-enabled, no employee can add proxy attendance. This enables the HRs to keep an accurate record of working days of individual employees and tweak their payroll accordingly. 

13. Data leakage detection system

The primary task of data leakage detection systems is to detect data leakage and discover the sources for the same. If ever an organization’s sensitive data gets leaked, it may then finds its way to unauthorized devices. This is why it is crucial to trace the source of data leakage so that you can nip the problem in the bud. An advanced data leakage detection system can prevent data from leaking out of its original source. 

This project exclusively focuses on designing an improved data leakage detection system. The proposition here is to identify data leakages by storing data as per agents. It can promptly trace any possible sources of unauthorized leakage by leveraging a data allocation strategy across various agents.

As a part of the strategy, a user can transfer data to other users via “receivers” – these are agents to whom the data is allocated by using ID-based undetectable alterations. The data leakage detection system uses these alterations to identify the source of leaked data immediately when it is found in any unauthorized places or systems.

14. Credit card fraud detection

Credit card fraud is a significant threat in the BFSI sector. This credit card fraud detection system studies and analyzes user behavior patterns and uses location scanning techniques to identify any unusual patterns. One of The user patterns includes important user behavior like spending habits, usage patterns, etc. The system uses geographic location for identity verification. In case it detects any unusual pattern, the user will be required to undergo the verification process again. 

The fraud detection system stores the past transaction data of each user. Based on this data, it calculates the standard user behavior patterns for individual users, and any deviation from those normal patterns becomes a trigger for the system. In the instance of any unusual activity, the system will not only raise alerts, but it will also block the user after three invalid attempts.

15. AI shopping system

As the name suggests, the AI multi-agent shopping system is a shopping assistant, more like a recommendation engine. First, the system is fed with the details of a wide range of products. When a user registers in the system and searches for a specific product, the system returns the result of the most relevant items that match the search keywords entered by the user.

Since the system is designed to study the search patterns of the user and based on the previous search and purchase history, it will also provide a curated suggestion of a list of items that are a close match to the searched item. 

The AI shopping system allows users to register and log in using an ID and password. After logging in, users can search for products online, perform a custom search across various product categories, add items to cart, and choose the preferred payment option. 

Read more: Artificial Intelligence Applications

16. Camera motion sensor system

This camera motion sensor system can detect motion (even the slightest ones) and trigger an alarm. It uses a motion detector algorithm for detecting movements. The camera continually monitors the surrounding environment, records images of any movements in real-time, and sets triggers for unusual activities in the vicinity.

To activate the system, the user must set a security code. Once it gets activated, it immediately starts monitoring the surroundings. If the alarm sets off on detecting any movement, the user must deactivate the alarm by re-entering the security code.

17. Bug tracker

This is a bug tracking application that helps identify and track bugs in projects or systems. The project has three modules – Admin, Staff, and User.

The Admin can log in to the app and enter the details of the project and staff members, view the complaints of users, assign tasks to the members, track the bug resolution status, and send messages to users. The staff can log in to the app to view bug complaints assigned to them and start working on them. If a member is unable to resolve a bug issue, they can forward the problem to another member. As for the users, they can view the progress status of their bug complaints.

Users can also use the ticket number generated during the submission of their compliant and view the solution plan details for the same. In this way, the bug tracking application keeps the process of monitoring and resolving software bugs transparent and seamless. 

18. e-Learning platform

In this project, you will build a sharable e-learning platform using cloud computing infrastructure for online learning. This e-learning platform powered by cloud computing would allow the independent Learning Management Systems (LMS) embedded in various e-Learning standards to share their learning objects, modules, and content. Basically, cloud computing will encourage the sharing of a wide range of learning objects, allowing learners to access them online easily.

The project has a three-layer architecture to facilitate sharing learning modules, reusing them, and interoperability among different learning content efficiently. The middle layer of the infrastructure contains an indexing module and a metadata transformation module to encourage the exchange of metadata among acknowledged e-Learning standards. This allows learners to use available learning objects without requiring to get affiliated with any other LMS.

19. Smart health prediction system

An intelligent health prediction system can transform the way people take charge of their health while also connecting them to the nearest healthcare providers immediately. Many times patients are unable to access healthcare services due to some reason or the other. The smart health prediction system seeks to solve this problem by enabling patients to get instance healthcare advice and guidance online from licensed medical practitioners. 

The smart health prediction application is an online consultation system for users. The system is fed with huge volumes of healthcare data (symptoms and the diseases or health issues associated with those symptoms). So, when a user enters their medical problems and symptoms, the application uses data mining to delves into the database and find the most accurate match of disease/illness related to those symptoms.

Furthermore, the app also provides the contact information of various medical specialists and practitioners with whom the patients can easily connect via the platform. 

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20. Software piracy protection system

The goal of developing this project is to prevent software piracy and improve protection and security measures for software. Piracy is one of the biggest threats in the industry. Hackers use malware and malicious code to gain access to software products/systems, thus, putting at stake the entire security infrastructure of a company. As a result, it is pivotal to incorporate the necessary measures and protection systems to uphold the integrity of data as well as the copyright rights of software products. 

The software piracy protection system helps keep piracy threats at bay. Users must first register for using a software product and then purchase the software via online payment. Once the payment is complete, users can download the software and the serial key for the same. The software reads the ID of your machine (PC/laptop) and generates a unique user ID by using an algorithm. The user can now log in via the user ID by providing the serial key.

The key is encrypted and is different for each machine, which makes it highly secure. After the serial key is entered, the software, too, will generate a key via encryption and match it with the serial key of the user for authentication. If the keys match, the user can access the software product, and if it doesn’t match, the software remains locked. 


The secret to becoming a successful Software Developer is to work on side projects. The more you experiment, the better will be your real-world programming skills.

We hope these software development project ideas have inspired you to start working on software projects to hone your skills!

If you’re interested to learn more about full stack software development, check out upGrad & IIIT-B’s PG Diploma in Full-stack Software Development which is designed for working professionals and offers 500+ hours of rigorous training, 9+ projects and assignments, IIIT-B Alumni status, practical hands-on capstone projects & job assistance with top firms.

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