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Html Tutorial: The Complete Guide

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20th Sep, 2022
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Html Tutorial: The Complete Guide

HTML is a crucial programming language for web development. Its usage is evident in websites while defining headers, footers, and structures. Users can also notice its heavy functions for navigating websites through all the embedded hyperlinks. Tim-Berners-Lee and Robert Cailaiu designed it in 1989.

Every website and webpage uses HTML as one of its major programming languages. HTML functions as the skeleton while CSS acts like the skin, and JavaScript makes up the other essential parts of the body.

If you are searching for an HTML tutorial for beginners, this article will guide you to the basics of the language and the available courses which may deem fit.

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What is HTML?

HTML is the short form for HyperText Markup Language, which is used to create web pages and web applications. A hypertext is referred to a text that is applicable for the usage of referencing. A markup language is regarded as a series of markings used in the styling and designing of a document.

HTML consists of two systems – tags and attributes. Examples of tags include <html>, <image>, and the ones we usually see while using a webpage. HTML attributes are mostly the access key, language, title, and data.

What are the different versions of HTML language?

The significance of HTML learning is highly recognised in its various versions, which are as follows:

  • HTML 1.0:

    This is the most basic version available, mainly dealing with texts and images. It does not include highly advanced features, and hence, it’s beginner-friendly. The latest versions have new fonts and styles for the basic elements.

  • HTML 2:

    This type was created in 1995, to enhance the HTML 1.0 version. It was an improvised version when it came up to the markup tags. HTML 2 can create unique tags, which are browser specified. W3C was also formed to maintain a common standard all across different browsers.

  • HTML 3.2:

    HTML 3.2 was introduced in 1997 with a new feature i.e. a more advanced W3C. This version helped form new elements and built-in support for Cascading Style Sheet (CSS). It provided a better styling for the browsers. The type also supported frame tags, unlike other versions.

  • HTML 4.01:

    This version brought in an extension to CSS in 1999. Here, the CSS was embedded in the language itself. The external file created a new file in HTML.

  • HTML 5:

    It is the latest version created in 2014, built-in with various HTML tag supports.  Few tags include: 

  • Email:

    A type of form tag, it is used to check the validation of the input value. For instance, this language will identify whether a verified sender has sent the email.

  • Password:

    Special symbols are used to protect the password from other browsers.

  • Audio tag:

    Adding audio to the web pages is one of the newest features in HTML 5.

  • Semantic tag:

    Semantic or structural tags provide a framework for the system. Some examples include <header> and <footer>.

  • Section tag:

    This includes a particular portion/section of the webpage.

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Why is HTML an important programming language?

HTML tutorial for beginners is provided at such a large scale, indicating why it is such a popular programming language. Here are the following reasons why HTML is the best programming language you can learn:

  • Designing emails for your customers:

    HTML makes emails one of the best available marketing tools in the field. Organisation and styling come in handy as HTML and CSS editors are in high demand for email marketing services.

  • Creation of corporate newsletters:

    The unique newsletter templates can help you customise your thoughts and viewpoints depending on the type of corporation.

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  • WordPress functions in companies:

    Several corporate websites are created on WordPress. HTML and CSS learners can consider this a viable option because they can add content to the site. For instance, they can update the office calendar accurately without calling the web team.

  • Coding is easier:

    Since coding is also taught in an HTML tutorial, you would already understand the essentials. Moreover, this can help you update and improvise the emails, web letters, and websites themselves.

  • Scopes for being a part of the technical team:

    You will better understand the limits and possibilities of web pages since you can work with web pages after learning HTML.

  • Scope for blogging:

    You can transform your passion for blogging into your profession with HTML. By learning HTML fundamentals, you will understand how to create blogs that will be beneficial for your performance in the company.

  • Enhancement of the Resume:

    An HTML tutorial enhances your HTML learning and teaches you about other necessary elements such as CSS and coding. It can get you great internships and upgrade your chances of being a part of a renowned organisation.

  • Upgrading your designing skills:

    Photoshopping is another necessary element taught in tutorials. This can help you be in the books of talent as anyone would prefer a graphic designer along with a coder in their organisation.

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Summing Up: 

HTML is lightweight and easy to understand. Plus, it syncs well with other languages such as Python and Javascript. 

While an HTML tutorial like this can be the initial step to your HTML learning journey, it’s best to enrol in a professional course if you wish to learn the nitty-gritty of HTML and master the language. 

Wondering where to look for an online certification HTML course?

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Pavan Vadapalli

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Director of Engineering @ upGrad. Motivated to leverage technology to solve problems. Seasoned leader for startups and fast moving orgs. Working on solving problems of scale and long term technology strategy.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1How do you save an HTML file?

You can do this in a few simple steps, such as: Open>Save> Save as and then type in the file name. You can select the Print option if you want a hard copy of that file. You would see a .html extension automatically appearing after the file has been saved.

2What is an invalid HTML?

An invalid HTML refers to those links where the element is not functioning smoothly. For instance, the input field is invalid when the required attribute is placed correctly, but the field is empty and holds no meaning.

3What is the main difference between HTML tags and HTML attributes?

HTML attributes are those sections of the webpages which primarily include paragraphs and webpages. For example, a hyperlink can reach you to the website. HTML tags help communicate such attributes and represent the texts with angular brackets.

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