C Tutorial



C Tutorial

Coding Vs. Programming

Coding and programming are two terms often used interchangeably, but they encompass distinct aspects of the software development process. The debate surrounding coding vs. programming may seem inconsequential to those unfamiliar with software development. However, within the industry, these words carry distinct implications. 

Briefly describing, coding refers to writing lines of instructions, known as code, using a specific programming language. It involves translating high-level concepts and logic into a format that a computer can understand and execute. In contrast, programming comprises a broader scope, which undertakes designing, implementing, and maintaining software solutions. 

Understanding the nuances between coding and programming is essential for aspiring developers, as it allows them to grasp the different dimensions involved in creating effective and robust software solutions.

This article will explore coding and programming concepts, unravelling their unique attributes and clarifying their appropriate usage in software development.

What Is Coding?

Coding is the process of writing instructions in a specific programming language to create computer programs or software applications. It involves translating human-readable logic and concepts into a format that computers can understand and execute. Coding is like writing step-by-step instructions for a computer using zeros and ones (binary language). 

Coding requires a thorough understanding of syntax, major keywords, and the fundamental logic of your chosen programming language. At its core, coding is about problem-solving and providing solutions using technology. It lets developers bring their ideas to life by writing code and instructing computers on various tasks. This could involve anything from creating a simple calculator application to building complex systems that power websites, mobile apps, or even artificial intelligence algorithms.

How Coding Works?

Below we have listed the process that comes under coding:

  • Choosing a programming language: Different programming languages serve various purposes, and selecting the appropriate language depends on the task at hand. Each language has its syntax and features.

  • Writing the code: Using a text editor or an integrated development environment (IDE), programmers write lines or blocks of code according to the syntax rules of the chosen programming language. The code contains instructions that dictate the desired actions and outcomes.

  • Syntax and logic: Following the syntax rules of the programming language is essential to ensure the code is structured correctly.

  • Compiling or interpreting: The code may be compiled or interpreted depending on the programming language. Compilation translates the entire code into a machine-readable format before execution, while interpreting translates and executes the code line-by-line in real time.

  • Execution and testing: The computer executes the code, following the instructions provided. Testing is often conducted to validate that the code produces the expected results and to identify and fix any errors or bugs.

  • Debugging and refinement: If errors occur during execution, programmers debug to locate and resolve them. This process involves analysing the code, identifying the source of the issue, and making necessary corrections.

  • Deployment and maintenance: Once the code is error-free and produces the desired outcomes, it can be deployed or made available. Ongoing maintenance may be required to address updates, improvements, or potential issues that arise in the future. 

What Is Programming?

Programming is a technical process that asks the system to perform certain tasks to solve problems. It is a collaborative process between humans and computers, where humans create instructions (code) in a language the computer recognises. It enables various aspects of our daily activities, such as browsing websites with interactive elements, using mobile apps for convenient services like food delivery and ride-hailing, etc.

Programming empowers us to communicate with technology and harness its capabilities to streamline tasks, connect people globally, and achieve remarkable feats. Through programming, we bridge the gap between human understanding and computer execution.

How Programming Works?

Programming typically follows a series of stages during software application development. Here's a breakdown of these stages:

  • Problem statement

  • Designing algorithms and flowcharts

  • Software development

  • Software testing

  • Software documentation

  • Software maintenance

Why Learn Coding and Programming?

Some of the main reasons to learn programming and coding are:

1. Attractive Salary and Multiple Career Opportunities

The technology field offers abundant job opportunities for skilled coders. With a high demand for programmers worldwide, one can freelance, work for companies, pursue side projects, or even start their own venture. In India, the average base pay of programmers is INR 5,42,644 per annum.

2. Develop Problem-Solving and Logical Skills

Programming is centred around problem-solving, which involves breaking complex problems into smaller parts and developing logical solutions through coding. Learning to code exercises your brain, enhancing problem-solving and logical abilities. As you tackle new problems, you develop a deeper understanding of real-world issues, ultimately becoming more intelligent.

3. Technologies Are Ruling the World

Technology has become integral to our daily lives, spanning entertainment and communication, transportation, and beyond. Countless industries rely on computer programs, including scientific research, data analysis, finance, education, customer service, and healthcare. This indicates the assimilation of coding and programming in various fields. 

Coding Vs. Programming



Coding translates normal language to binary language using 1 and 0.

Programming develops full-fledged software. 

The logic is converted to machine code. 

The analysis and conceptualisation process encompass debugging, compilation, testing, and implementation.

To translate code into machine-readable form, developers utilise various tools such as text editors– Wordpad or Notepad, and IDEs– Eclipse and Bootstrap.

Many tools are utilised, including analysis tools, databases, data structures, testing tools, linkers, code generators, code editors, assemblers, compilers, debugging tools, and algorithm modelling tools. 

Coding often involves a trial-and-error approach, where programmers explore different solutions and adjustments based on the outcomes.

A systematic approach is necessary for programming, accompanied by careful attention to detail.

Coding allows for spontaneous creation without extensive preparation, enabling programmers to develop a basic solution quickly, often through iterative trial and error.

Programming requires a disciplined and thorough approach, where achieving your goals as a programmer typically takes several weeks to months of dedicated effort.

Examples of coding and programming

Some common examples of coding and programming are–

  1. Writing a Simple Calculator: A calculator program can be created with code to take user input, perform mathematical operations like addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, and display the result.

  2. Developing a Website: Programming languages like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are used to create websites. They allow you to design web page layouts, apply styles, and add interactive features to create engaging websites.

  3. Building a Game: Game development involves coding the game mechanics, graphics rendering, user interactions, and game logic. 

  4. Developing Machine Learning Models: Programming is used to develop machine learning models. You can write code to preprocess data, train models, and evaluate their performance.

  5. Creating a Mobile App: You can develop mobile applications for iOS or Android platforms using programming languages like Java or Swift. This involves writing code to build the user interface, handle user interactions, and implement app functionalities.

Both coding and programming are essential skills in developing applications, websites, and various technological solutions.

Benefits of Learning Coding and Programming

Learning coding and programming offer numerous benefits. This includes:

  • Skill Enhancement: Acquiring coding and programming skills boosts your ability to implement new and creative ideas, fostering creativity and personal growth.

  • Logic-Building Skills: Coding and programming cultivate logic-building skills, which are essential for a promising career in numerous fields.

  • Software Development: Proficiency in coding and programming enables you to develop innovative solutions that streamline processes and reduce human efforts. 

Programming vs. Coding Salary

Based on 2023 data from the Payscale, software engineers earn a median annual salary of INR 6,47,643 annually. The field is expected to experience a 25% growth rate between 2021 and 2031, significantly faster than the average growth rate.

On the other hand, web developers have a median annual salary of INR 3,55,420, which is further expected to grow in the upcoming years. 

In India, the average annual base salary for coders is INR 3,75,000, with senior coding positions earning up to INR 6,50,000 per annum, based on experience. In comparison, programmers have an average annual base salary of INR 5,42,644, with senior programmers making up to INR 14,77,995 per year.


In conclusion, coding and programming play essential roles in software development, allowing us to bring ideas to life and create innovative solutions. While coding is the art of crafting instructions, programming orchestrates these instructions into complex functionalities. Together it forms the foundation of software development, which helps us transform amazing ideas into tangible realities. 

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Q. Which is more complex, programming or coding?

Ans. Coding is the initial step for constructing complex queries and is simpler than programming, as it involves writing lines of code without worrying about the particulars.

Q. Do programmers use coding?

Ans. Computer programmers write programs in Python, C++, and Java for computers to interpret. They must go through designing, developing, integrating, and testing software components.

Q. Is coding mostly math?

Ans. You don't need to be proficient in mathematics for most programming jobs. Although some fields, such as game development and machine learning, may require more in-depth knowledge.

Q. What is Python used for? 

Ans. Python is often used as a support language for software developers for tasks such as building control and management, testing, and more. 

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