Top 10 Highest Paying Programming Languages In India [2020]

Programmers and Developers are among the highest-paid professionals in the world. They earn six-figure annual salary packages in countries like the US, Canada, UK, Germany, Israel, Australia, Denmark, Japan, India, and China. While the profession is highly promising with handsome salary compensation, some programming languages are associated with higher salaries than others. 

In February 2020, Stack Overflow conducted a survey comprising over 65,000 respondents regarding their programming languages and their corresponding salaries. Through the survey, Stack Overflow collected developers/programmers’ median wages across the globe and then compiled a list of the highest paying programming languages based on those responses. 

Today’s post is all about the highest paying programming languages that can take your IT career to the next level. So, if you wish to know more about the highest paid programming languages in the market right now, keep reading!

Top 10 Highest Paid Programming Languages to Look Out For

1. Scala

Scala is a type-safe JVM language that combines object-oriented and functional programming aspects into a unique high-level language. This is what makes Scala a concise and logical language. Scala’s static type feature eliminates bugs in complex applications, while its JVM and JavaScript runtimes facilitate the development of high-performance systems. Scala boasts of a vast ecosystem of libraries, of which Aerosolve and BIDMac are the two popular ML libraries. 

Scala’s immutability feature enables parallel processing at high speed, and hence, it is rapidly gaining popularity for coding, Big Data, Data Science, and ML use case.

Salary:

The national average salary for Scala is $115,446 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹1,007,861.

2. Go

Go is an open-source, statically typed, compiled programming language designed and launched by Google developers in 2009. It was modelled on the C programming language to improve programming productivity in an era of multicore machines and massive codebases. Although a very recent creation, Go programming language is ideal for building user-friendly, reliable, and efficient software products.

The Go programming language has become very popular among developers and coders for its simplistic syntax. While it has the static typic feature and runtime efficiency like C++, its readability and usability functions bear similarity to Python/JavaScript. Go enables high-performance networking and multiprocessing. The language even makes it to GitHub’s list of one of the fastest-growing programming languages.

Salary:

The national average salary for Go is $115,685 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹1,154,896.

Read: Top 8 Java Projects on Github You Should Get Your Hands-on

3. Objective-C

The Objective-C programming language was developed way back in the early 1980s, primarily to build and support apps in the Apple ecosystem – Mac OS X and iOS. It is general-purpose, object-oriented programming built on top of C programming language by incorporating elements of Smalltalk-style messaging to make it an object-oriented language. Objective-C supports OOP’s four core aspects, including encapsulation, inheritance, data hiding, and polymorphism.

Objective-C remained the primary programming language used by Apple for its operating systems OS X and iOS and their respective APIs, Cocoa, and Cocoa Touch, until the launch of Swift programming language in 2014. Despite that, Objective-C is still an extensively used language for developing Apple applications. Since it has long been used, tested, and implemented across different Apple platforms, Objective-C is a stable, reliable, and mature language. 

Salary: 

The national average salary for Objective-C is $101,085 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹574,286.

4. Kotlin

Kotlin is a cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming language developed by the IT-company JetBrains. It is designed to be fully interoperable with Java. While the JVM version of Kotlin’s standard library depends on the Java Class Library, it’s type inference feature makes the syntax highly concise. Though JVM is Kotlin’s primary target, it can also compile to JavaScript, or native code (via LLVM). 

In 2019, Google declared Kotlin as the preferred language for Android app developers, and ever since it’s popularity and demand have skyrocketed. Apart from its readable syntax and complete compatibility with Java, Kotlin now has the full support of Google’s ever-growing community. 

Salary:

The national average salary for Kotlin is $98,763 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹466,347.

5. Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is a server-side web application framework written in Ruby. It is a model–view–controller (MVC) framework containing default structures for a database, a web service, and web pages. The primary purpose of Ruby on Rails is to facilitate the creation of robust and legible programs, following the motto of “least astonishment.” It promotes the usage of web standards like JSON or XML for data transfer and JavaScript, HTML, and CSS for user interfacing. 

Even since its inception in 2005, Ruby on Rails has heavily influenced web app development, thanks to its unique features like seamless database table creations and scaffolding of views to enable rapid application development along with useful development principles like convention over configuration (CoC) and don’t repeat yourself (DRY). The support of a large community of developers further makes Ruby on Rails a fantastic programming language for web development.

Salary:

The national average salary for Ruby on Rails is $91,876 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹799,802.

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Read: Python vs Ruby: Side by Side Comparison

6. Perl

Perl is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, and dynamic programming language developed by Larry Wall in 1987. It was designed as a Unix scripting language for text manipulation and making report processing simpler. However, now Perl is used for a host of other tasks like system administration, web development, network programming, and GUI development, to name a few.

Perl borrows features from different programming languages, including C, shell script, AWK, and sed. Its syntax is very similar to C. Not for nothing, it is one of the most expressive languages! Perl is compatible with XML, HTML, and other mark-up languages and supports Unicode. Its database integration interface DBI supports numerous third-party databases such as MySQL, Oracle, Sybase, Postgres, etc.

Salary:

The national average salary for Perl is $93,368 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹847,995.

C#

C# is a general-purpose, open-source, multi-paradigm, object-oriented programming (OOP) language developed by Microsoft. It encompasses generic, object-oriented, functional, strong typing, lexically scoped, imperative, declarative, and component-oriented programming principles. C# is designed for web development, networking, and software development for distributed environments. Developers can use C# to build applications for hosted and embedded systems, from complex and advanced operating systems to niche systems with dedicated features and functionalities. 

C# is a versatile language since it is ideal for developing a wide range of applications like mobile apps, web apps, consoles, back-end systems, etc. It also has a dedicated .NET Core machine learning platform, ML.NET, which is a cross-platform, open-source ML framework that .NET developers can use to build ML applications. 

Salary:

The national average salary for C# is $81,999 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹646,535.

Also Read: Top 7 Exciting Project ideas in C For Beginners

8. Python

When there’s any talk on programming languages, Python always seems to make the cut. Python’s popularity is not only limited to the field of software development, but it extends to Data Science as well. It is a high-level, open-source language that supports object-oriented, imperative, functional, and procedural development paradigms. 

Python is an all-rounder language – it is used for complex mathematical calculations, web development, machine learning, data analysis, task automation, among other things. What makes it immensely popular is its neat and lucid syntax. Besides having active and expansive community support, Python comes with a suite of resourceful ML libraries and tools, such as Scikit-Learn, TensorFlow, Keras, NumPy, and SciPy, and Chatterbot, to name a few.  

Salary:

The national average salary for Python is $79,395 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹755,012. Learn more about python developer salary in India. 

9. Java

Like Python, Java is also immensely popular in developer communities across the globe. It is a class-based, general-purpose, object-oriented language used to develop software, mobile applications, web applications, games, and web servers/application servers. It is now also used for creating Big Data ecosystems. Several large corporations and IT companies maintain a massive Java codebase with JVM as the primary computing environment. Today, Java serves as one of the main tools for developing native apps for the Android platform. 

Java functions on the WORA (write once, run anywhere) concept. This means, once you compile a code in Java, you can run it on all platforms that support Java, without needing to compile it any further. It features functional ML libraries like Weka, Neuroph, ADAMS, JavaML, Mahout, Deeplearning4j., ELKI, RapidMiner, and JSTAT. 

Salary: 

The national average salary for Java is $85,086 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹709,387. Learn more about Java developer salary in India.

10. Swift

Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, and compiled programming language developed by Apple for Linux, macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS. It is a beginner-friendly language that is expressive, interactive, and fast. Since Apple Inc. engineered it, we can safely say that Swift combines some of the best elements of modern language thinking, which makes software development a pleasant experience. 

Swift does not compromise either on performance or development speed – while the language itself is optimized for development at lightning-fast speed, the compiler is optimized for max performance. Swift’s lightweight syntax allows developers to express their ideas concisely. 

Salary:

The national average salary for Swift is $97,271 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹585,671.

Check out: Highest Paying Jobs in India

Wrapping up

Now that you know which are the trending and highest paid programming languages in the job market, you can upgrade your skillset to include at least one (better if multiple!) of these high paying programming languages. 

If you’re interested to learn more about full-stack software development, check out upGrad & IIIT-B’s PG Diploma in Full-stack Software Development which is designed for working professionals and offers 500+ hours of rigorous training, 9+ projects and assignments, IIIT-B Alumni status, practical hands-on capstone projects & job assistance with top firms.

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