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Top 10 Highest Paying Programming Languages In India [2023]

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21st Sep, 2022
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Top 10 Highest Paying Programming Languages In India [2023]

Programmers and Developers are among the highest-paid professionals in the world. They earn six-figure annual salary packages in countries like the US, Canada, UK, Germany, Israel, Australia, Denmark, Japan, India, and China. While the profession is highly promising with handsome salary compensation, some programming languages are associated with higher salaries than others. 

In February 2020, Stack Overflow conducted a survey comprising over 65,000 respondents regarding their programming languages and their corresponding salaries. Through the survey, Stack Overflow collected developers/programmers’ median wages across the globe and then compiled a list of the highest paying programming languages based on those responses. 

Today’s post is all about the highest paying programming languages that can take your IT career to the next level. So, if you wish to know more about the highest paid programming languages in the market right now, keep reading!

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Top 10 Highest Paid Programming Languages to Look Out For

1. Scala

Scala is a type-safe JVM language that combines object-oriented and functional programming aspects into a unique high-level language. This is what makes Scala a concise and logical language. Scala’s static type feature eliminates bugs in complex applications, while its JVM and JavaScript runtimes facilitate the development of high-performance systems. Scala boasts of a vast ecosystem of libraries, of which Aerosolve and BIDMac are the two popular ML libraries. 

Scala’s immutability feature enables parallel processing at high speed, and hence, it is rapidly gaining popularity for coding, Big Data, Data Science, and ML use case.

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The national average salary for Scala is $115,446 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹1,007,861.

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2. Go

Go is an open-source, statically typed, compiled programming language designed and launched by Google developers in 2009. It was modelled on the C programming language to improve programming productivity in an era of multicore machines and massive codebases. Although a very recent creation, Go programming language is ideal for building user-friendly, reliable, and efficient software products.

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The Go programming language has become very popular among developers and coders for its simplistic syntax. While it has the static typic feature and runtime efficiency like C++, its readability and usability functions bear similarity to Python/JavaScript. Go enables high-performance networking and multiprocessing. The language even makes it to GitHub’s list of one of the fastest-growing programming languages.


The national average salary for Go is $115,685 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹1,154,896.

Read: Top 8 Java Projects on Github You Should Get Your Hands-on

3. Objective-C

The Objective-C programming language was developed way back in the early 1980s, primarily to build and support apps in the Apple ecosystem – Mac OS X and iOS. It is general-purpose, object-oriented programming built on top of C programming language by incorporating elements of Smalltalk-style messaging to make it an object-oriented language. Objective-C supports OOP’s four core aspects, including encapsulation, inheritance, data hiding, and polymorphism.

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Objective-C remained the primary programming language used by Apple for its operating systems OS X and iOS and their respective APIs, Cocoa, and Cocoa Touch, until the launch of Swift programming language in 2014. Despite that, Objective-C is still an extensively used language for developing Apple applications. Since it has long been used, tested, and implemented across different Apple platforms, Objective-C is a stable, reliable, and mature language. 


The national average salary for Objective-C is $101,085 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹574,286.

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4. Kotlin

Kotlin is a cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming language developed by the IT-company JetBrains. It is designed to be fully interoperable with Java. While the JVM version of Kotlin’s standard library depends on the Java Class Library, it’s type inference feature makes the syntax highly concise. Though JVM is Kotlin’s primary target, it can also compile to JavaScript, or native code (via LLVM). 

In 2019, Google declared Kotlin as the preferred language for Android app developers, and ever since it’s popularity and demand have skyrocketed. Apart from its readable syntax and complete compatibility with Java, Kotlin now has the full support of Google’s ever-growing community. 


The national average salary for Kotlin is $98,763 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹466,347.

5. Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is a server-side web application framework written in Ruby. It is a model–view–controller (MVC) framework containing default structures for a database, a web service, and web pages. The primary purpose of Ruby on Rails is to facilitate the creation of robust and legible programs, following the motto of “least astonishment.” It promotes the usage of web standards like JSON or XML for data transfer and JavaScript, HTML, and CSS for user interfacing. 

Even since its inception in 2005, Ruby on Rails has heavily influenced web app development, thanks to its unique features like seamless database table creations and scaffolding of views to enable rapid application development along with useful development principles like convention over configuration (CoC) and don’t repeat yourself (DRY). The support of a large community of developers further makes Ruby on Rails a fantastic programming language for web development.


The national average salary for Ruby on Rails is $91,876 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹799,802.

Read: Python vs Ruby: Side by Side Comparison

6. Perl

Perl is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, and dynamic programming language developed by Larry Wall in 1987. It was designed as a Unix scripting language for text manipulation and making report processing simpler. However, now Perl is used for a host of other tasks like system administration, web development, network programming, and GUI development, to name a few.

Perl borrows features from different programming languages, including C, shell script, AWK, and sed. Its syntax is very similar to C. Not for nothing, it is one of the most expressive languages! Perl is compatible with XML, HTML, and other mark-up languages and supports Unicode. Its database integration interface DBI supports numerous third-party databases such as MySQL, Oracle, Sybase, Postgres, etc.


The national average salary for Perl is $93,368 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹847,995.

7. C#

C# is a general-purpose, open-source, multi-paradigm, object-oriented programming (OOP) language developed by Microsoft. It encompasses generic, object-oriented, functional, strong typing, lexically scoped, imperative, declarative, and component-oriented programming principles. C# is designed for web development, networking, and software development for distributed environments. Developers can use C# to build applications for hosted and embedded systems, from complex and advanced operating systems to niche systems with dedicated features and functionalities. 

C# is a versatile language since it is ideal for developing a wide range of applications like mobile apps, web apps, consoles, back-end systems, etc. It also has a dedicated .NET Core machine learning platform, ML.NET, which is a cross-platform, open-source ML framework that .NET developers can use to build ML applications. 


The national average salary for C# is $81,999 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹646,535.

Also Read: Top 7 Exciting Project ideas in C For Beginners

8. Python

When there’s any talk on programming languages, Python always seems to make the cut. Python’s popularity is not only limited to the field of software development, but it extends to Data Science as well. It is a high-level, open-source language that supports object-oriented, imperative, functional, and procedural development paradigms. 

Python is an all-rounder language – it is used for complex mathematical calculations, web development, machine learning, data analysis, task automation, among other things. What makes it immensely popular is its neat and lucid syntax. Besides having active and expansive community support, Python comes with a suite of resourceful ML libraries and tools, such as Scikit-Learn, TensorFlow, Keras, NumPy, and SciPy, and Chatterbot, to name a few.  


The national average salary for Python is $79,395 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹755,012. Learn more about python developer salary in India. 

9. Java

Like Python, Java is also immensely popular in developer communities across the globe. It is a class-based, general-purpose, object-oriented language used to develop software, mobile applications, web applications, games, and web servers/application servers. It is now also used for creating Big Data ecosystems. Several large corporations and IT companies maintain a massive Java codebase with JVM as the primary computing environment. Today, Java serves as one of the main tools for developing native apps for the Android platform. 

Java functions on the WORA (write once, run anywhere) concept. This means, once you compile a code in Java, you can run it on all platforms that support Java, without needing to compile it any further. It features functional ML libraries like Weka, Neuroph, ADAMS, JavaML, Mahout, Deeplearning4j., ELKI, RapidMiner, and JSTAT. 


The national average salary for Java is $85,086 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹709,387. Learn more about Java developer salary in India.

10. Swift

Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, and compiled programming language developed by Apple for Linux, macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS. It is a beginner-friendly language that is expressive, interactive, and fast. Since Apple Inc. engineered it, we can safely say that Swift combines some of the best elements of modern language thinking, which makes software development a pleasant experience. 

Swift does not compromise either on performance or development speed – while the language itself is optimized for development at lightning-fast speed, the compiler is optimized for max performance. Swift’s lightweight syntax allows developers to express their ideas concisely. 


The national average salary for Swift is $97,271 in the US, whereas, in India, it is ₹585,671.

Check out: Highest Paying Jobs in India

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Highest paying jobs that you can get by knowing these programming languages:

Quality is valued more than quantity in the field of coding and programming languages. Therefore, it will not be a factor that how many programming languages you know. What will matter is, whichever programming language you are claiming to know, how much expertise you hold in it. Hence, you need to choose from the top highest paying programming languages and master them to get the best out of them.  

In this article, you have already come across the programming languages with highest salary, now it’s time to know which jobs you can do to get that high income. Below are some of the best jobs you can choose from while knowing which language is best for placement in which role.

1. Web applications software developer:

As a web application software developer your responsibility will be to build apps for mobile, tablets, PCs and other such devices. Apart from making software from the scratch, you may also need to enhance an existing app/website by managing it.

If you are aware of the basics of programming languages like Java, JavaScript and Python and have the ability to collaboratively work with a team, then you are good to go!

The average pay of a software developer in India is around INR 5.4 lakhs per annum. However, with increased experience and credibility, one can even secure a higher pay up to INR 10 lakhs per annum. 

average salary for Web applications software developer


2. Machine Learning Engineer:

AI and Machine Learning are taking over the world at an unimaginable speed. Almost every industry is eagerly trying to incorporate these technologies of the future to make their work more efficient. In such conditions, companies are even ready to pay a handsome salary to suitable candidates,

The programming language that you need to master to become a machine learning engineer is Python. Also knowing some basics of CNN and RNN would be a bonus. 

A machine learning engineer in India earns an average of INR 7.2 lakhs per annum. However, based on experience, skills and varied other factors, the earnings can skyrocket up to INR 20 lakhs per annum as well. 

Average salary for Machine Learning Engineer


3. C++ Application Developer:

If you are fluent in C++ programming language and are willing to build applications and websites suitable for all kinds of devices, then this is the job for you. As a C++ developer, one is required to collaborate with the stakeholders and identify their needs and then put into their knowledge in work to bridge those gaps.

You need to have a sound understanding of object-oriented programming to be a suitable candidate for this job. Apart from that, you also need to have a basic understanding of RDBMS databases like SQL servers or Oracle.

A C++ developer in India earns an average of INR 7.7 lakhs per annum. But the salary may range anywhere between INR 3 lakhs per annum to INR 15 lakhs per annum. 

Average salary for C++ Application Developer


4. Database Administrator

As a database administrator, one is given the task of storing, organizing, managing and securing and even troubleshooting a large amount of data that the company has acquired online.

The programming languages that are essential for this job include Python, Java, and Oracle (PL/SQL). The projected employment growth of this job role is quite high as the amount of online-generated data will only increase in the future.

The average pay of a database administrator in India is around INR 8 lakhs per annum, excluding additional cash compensations which can also be worth an additional INR 1-2 lakhs. 

Average salary for Database Administrator


5. Artificial Intelligence Researcher

As an artificial intelligence researcher, one has to perform a hand full of duties some of which include, managing and setting up product infrastructure and AI development projects, studying and inventing data science prototypes, building AI models of a new concept from scratch, training computer systems etc.

The two most important languages that you must know for this job are Python and R. Along with that knowledge of basic algorithms and other programming concepts is also required.

Due to the immense skills that they showcase, AI researchers earn a hefty amount of salary. In India, the average salary of an AI researcher with AI skills is around INR 16 lakhs per annum. However, they can also earn up to INR 50 lakhs per annum or more, based on their experience and skills,

Average salary for Artificial Intelligence Researcher


6. Data Scientist:

Data scientists primarily work on various structured and unstructured data and derive helpful insights from them, which then is used by different companies.

As a data scientist you are required to know data science, data manipulation, data visualization and most importantly programming, which makes all the other tasks such as deriving and processing data so much more efficient. A type of code can derive a huge amount of data in mere seconds which would otherwise take hours.

Data science is a high-income career path with great prospects. As a data scientist, one can earn an average of INR 11 lakhs per annum in India and even more abroad.

Average Salary for Data Scientist


7. Cloud Solutions Architect

A cloud architect’s responsibilities include curating cloud adoption plans, designing cloud applications and performing cloud management and monitoring. They also oversee the deployment of existing architectures under a cloud environment. Not often but they also may have to give their inputs in the legal areas of cloud computing and negotiate contracts related to cloud computing.

Programming languages that are commonly helpful for this job include Python, Java, and C#. Apart from that knowledge of cloud architecture, domain systems, TCP/IP, HTTP and infrastructural knowledge of main cloud providers like Google, Azure, and AWS is needed.

Due to the popularity of cloud services, a cloud solution architect in India earns hefty money. On average, cloud solution architects in India earn approx INR 19 lakhs per annum. Entry-level jobs pay around INR 4.8 lakhs per annum.

Average Salary for Data Scientist


8. Educator:

If you believe you have mastered any of the programming languages but also want to stay in the learning process, then teaching might be the suitable option for you. Education institutes these days are wanting to educate children about programming languages from an early age, hence, there are a lot of opportunities. Various EdTech companies are also searching for such candidates and are willing to pay INR 4.64 lakhs per annum.

However, you may also run your very own classes, which can later turn into an institution itself. 

9. Freelancing:

If working for a single company does not fascinate you, then you might try freelancing, where you can work with multiple clients. Apart from not being as monotonous as a regular job, freelancing also comes with a lot of flexibility. You can decide how much you want to earn and how much you want to work.

A full-time software developer in India earns INR 5.4 LPA whereas a freelance software developer in India earns an average of INR 7.2 LPA.

10. Start-up: 

If you are brave and dedicated enough and also want to keep making money in the longer run, this option is for you. Python will be the best language you can master. All you need to do is find a field where you want to apply Python like ML, Web development etc, and then create a meaningful product. 

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If you are an active freelancer, you can also build an agency out of it by hiring people of your expertise and sharing your workload. Around 20 to 30 clients will be ideal to make your freelancing career into a startup. 

Wrapping up

Now that you know which are the trending and highest paid programming languages in the job market, you can upgrade your skillset to include at least one (better if multiple!) of these high paying programming languages. 

If you’re interested to learn more about full-stack software development, check out upGrad & IIIT-B’s Executive PG Programme in Software Development – Specialisation in Full Stack Development which is designed for working professionals and offers 500+ hours of rigorous training, 9+ projects and assignments, IIIT-B Alumni status, practical hands-on capstone projects & job assistance with top firms.


Rohan Vats

Blog Author
Software Engineering Manager @ upGrad. Passionate about building large scale web apps with delightful experiences. In pursuit of transforming engineers into leaders.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1What is a Programming Language?

A programming language is a set of grammatical structures that assist in instructing the computer while also evaluating a particular task. It allows for 1s and 0s that humans can understand as well as write. It is composed of a series of symbols and functions as a bridge through which humans can translate their thoughts into commands that computers can easily understand. It is used by programmers to create programs, scripts, or any other set of rules that can be completed but not executed. As it is said, Programming isn't about what you know; it's about what you can figure out.

2What are the types of programming languages?

Programming languages are classified as follows: C++ is an extension language to the C Programming Language. It is a computer program that combines low-level and high-level features. Python is a flexible application computer programming language that is excellent for writing scripts and is especially useful for automating procedures in engineering projects. JavaScript is a well-known Internet programming language. There are several more computer languages depending upon the application, framework, level of difficulty, resources available, space on device, and industry.

3What is the significance of a programming language?

Programming is essential for speeding up a machine's input and output processes. It is also critical to accurately automate, gather, handle, calculate, and analyze data and information processing. Programming is important because it instructs a computer to repeat these commands so that individuals do not have to perform the task repeatedly. Instead, the app can do it for you automatically and precisely. It is important for learning to innovate, create eco-friendly solutions to global problems, and improve and increase the power of computers and the Internet in our daily lives.

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