Sociology is the study of changes in social life, social causes, and effects of human behaviour on society. It also teaches students the method to investigate different structures, such as groups of people, institutions, and society as an entity.
Sociology also helps students develop critical thinking skills and the ability to measure and gather both quantitative and qualitative evidence. Besides, sociology as a platform for a career is growing at pace in India.
If you have ever wondered how the dynamics of societies and communities work, sociology is the best avenue for you. In a bachelor or postgraduate course in sociology, students conduct many research projects to study social issues, test theories and perform analytics to develop better models for social development.
In this article, we will talk about various aspects and career options in Sociology.
Sociology, as a subject, has a broad spectrum of topics. These include:
- Family issues,
- Marital advantages and disadvantages
- Deviance in society,
- Divorce causes,
- Dynamics of group interaction,
- Gender roles,
- Professional roles,
- Public policy,
- Dynamics of ageing,
- Causes of social inequality,
- Mass attitude development, etc.
A career in sociology entails professional avenues where the study of different social demographics, the effects of various policies is important. The skills and knowledge acquired in sociology are also applied in tackling many administrative challenges that shape a society. So if you wish to make a positive impact on improving your society, studying sociology is ideal for you.
Eligibility to Study Sociology
You can study sociology at the undergraduate level and then pursue a postgraduate course in Sociology. Sociology as a subject is available in most colleges and universities.
For BA in Sociology
To enrol in a BA course in sociology, the candidate must complete his/her 10+2 (higher secondary) exam, preferably with social sciences as a subject.
For MA in Sociology
The candidate must complete his or her undergraduate in sociology with 60% as minimum aggregate.
Career Options in Sociology
Sociology, as a career, is both impactful and fulfilling. Many of us have aspired to make an impact on society and the career options in sociology bring this opportunity close.
Here are some of the most popular career options in sociology:
1. Social Worker
A career in helping people and improving societies, which pretty much defines a social worker, is the most sought-after job for sociology aspirants. Sociology graduates can use the knowledge of social dynamics to analyse social issues and find ways to help resolve them. Social workers refer issues to appropriate community agencies to ensure the allotment of resources to individuals and families in need.
For candidates with a flair of writing and a good grasp of observing mass attitude and analyse social issues, journalism is the ideal option. Top news agencies and publications in India are always on the lookout for professionals adept in understanding social circumstances.
3. Administrative Support
Top educational institutions require professionals who can assess individual and mass psychology, understand human behaviour and troubleshoot issues. Sociologists can become a part of the administrative staff at schools, colleges, and universities.
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4. Rehabilitation Counsellor
If you are inclined towards helping the youths of their society, this career option is ideal for you. Rehabilitation counsellors use their counselling techniques learned in sociology to guide youths who have been misled into making wrong decisions in life, who have committed a crime and have completed their penitence, and those who have been abused or traumatised by life events.
5. Family Counsellor
Sociologists are adept counsellors, and that’s why their expertise can be utilised in family counselling. Family counsellors use their observation and critical thinking to assess different familial or marital issues and provide guidance in mitigation.
6. Survey Researcher
As the name suggests, survey researchers conduct surveys to make various decisions. These include observing patterns of social and political issues, health and culture, and how consumers are reacting to a particular product or service. They create questionnaires, form focus groups, and get clear answers. Sociologists make use of data collection and statistical analysis techniques to gather evidence and create well-informed reports for public and private organisations.
7. Human Resources (HR) Specialist
A part of being a sociologist includes interacting with a large number of people every day. This is the foundation of being an HR specialist who analyses job roles, decides if a candidate is suitable for a particular job, interviews the candidates to arrive at a decision.
8. Policy Analyst
Sociologists have to study policies in their academic journey. That’s why they are hired as policy analysts to observe social issues and recommend legislators to address these issues. Sociologists can make use of their knowledge and skill to analyse sociological research data to understand if particular legislation has made a positive or negative impact on social issues and population.
9. Media Planner
A media planner’s job entails figuring out a plan to advertise for a product or service for a client. This requires a good grasp of mass psychology, and sociologists are taught exactly that. Top companies require experts to create market surveys, analyse data, and help marketers create advertising campaigns.
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Employment Opportunities for Sociologists
With an array of career options in sociology, candidates can look forward to a bright future as sociologists. From management roles in multinational corporate firms to administrative roles in the public sector, sociologists can make use of their knowledge and skills to make a positive impact in society and earn a living.
Conclusion: Why Sociology is Important
Sociology is a gateway to step further into the intricacies of our societies. It teaches us that not only societies shape us, but we also shape our societies. This is common in all societies and communities. Sociologists advocate the importance of citizen awareness and participation, both of which are the foundation of democracy.
Sociologists are vital in sustaining balance in our societies. Sociologists help institutions to create policies based on well-researched decisions that educate and empower the citizen.
Sociologists establish a foundation of knowledge about social interactions, organisational structures that facilitate development in communities. As adept counsellors, sociologists can also help youths to prepare for specific careers, drive professional and personal growth by sharpening specific skills that are required in significant organisations. They can also help families and couples to find balance in their life and make better decisions.