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Top Career Options After 12th Science: What Course To Do After 12th Science

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13th Sep, 2023
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Top Career Options After 12th Science: What Course To Do After 12th Science


In this article, you will learn the Top Career Options After 12th Science. Take a glimpse at the below fields

  • Medicine
  • Engineering
  • Business
  • Humanities

Read the full article to know more in detail about the courses offered in each field.

Class 12 is an important milestone in a student’s life. It is the year after which you search which course is best after 12th, go off to college and venture into adulthood. It is also the time when you start thinking about possible occupations that you could pursue. You may have a number of prospects to consider and analyze if you are a student from the science stream. Students generally wonder which are the best courses to do after 12th science. Continue reading this blog for detailed answers on the same.

Meanwhile, you can also check out our free courses.

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After 12th science courses list comprises countless options for learners to choose for a fruitful career. However, these multiple choices can become overwhelming for young learners as they might not know which is the best-suited courses after 12th science PCMB. 

Although students have three options to specialize in (arts, commerce, and science), science streams can branch out into the most lucrative and exciting career opportunities. Even people from non-technical fields can take up bioscience after 12. No wonder why the field attracts so many candidates searching for best jobs after 12th!

Particularly because career options after 12th science are not limited to technical fields alone. Besides the core science disciplines, you can look at courses in Commerce and Humanities as well. This multiplicity of alternatives may complicate the decision-making process. If you are wondering which course is better after 12th science, we have consolidated a list of different tracks to guide you towards your career goals! 

What are the steps to choose the right career course after 12th Science?

Choosing the right course after 12 science career options is an important decision to shape your career and future. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you make an informed choice:

1. Self-Assessment

Begin by assessing your interests, strengths, weaknesses, and long-term goals. Consider what subjects and activities you enjoy, your skills, and what work environment you see yourself thriving in.

2. Research

Research various career options and courses available after 12th Science. Look into both traditional and emerging fields. Consider job prospects, salary potential, satisfaction, and work-life balance.

3. Explore Your Options

  • Engineering

Engineering might be a good fit if you are interested in technical subjects and problem-solving. There are various branches like mechanical, electrical, civil, computer science, etc.

  • Medical Sciences

If you’re passionate about healthcare and biology, you can consider pursuing medical, dental, or paramedical courses.

  • Pure Sciences

If you enjoy theoretical studies and want to delve deeper into physics, chemistry, or mathematics, you can pursue B.Sc. programs.

  • Computers and IT

If you have an affinity for technology and programming, you can explore courses in computer science, information technology, or software development.

  • Architecture

Architecture could be a suitable choice if you’re interested in design, construction, and aesthetics.

  • Biotechnology

A combination of biology and technology, biotechnology offers research, healthcare, and more opportunities.

  • Environmental Sciences

If you’re concerned about the environment and sustainability, you can consider courses related to environmental science and ecology.

4. Course Curriculum

Study the curriculum of the courses you’re interested in. Make sure they align with your interests and career goals. Also, check for practical components, internships, and industry exposure.

5. Job Prospects

Research the job opportunities and demand for professionals in your chosen field. Moreover, consider the career path’s growth potential, stability, and employability.

6. Skills Required

Identify the skills and aptitudes required for the chosen course and career. Compare them with your skills and strengths to determine if they match.

7. Duration and Costs

Consider the course duration and associated costs, including tuition fees, study materials, living expenses, and other related expenses.

8. Entrance Exams

Some courses, such as engineering and medicine, require entrance exams. Research the exams required for your chosen course and start preparing in advance.

9.Talk to Professionals

Reach out to professionals in the field you’re interested in. They can provide insights into the profession’s daily work, challenges, and rewards.

10. Counseling

Seek guidance from career counselors or teachers who can provide personalized advice based on your interests, strengths, and career aspirations.

11. Flexibility

Keep in mind that your choice isn’t set in stone. Many people switch fields or careers later in life. Choose a course that offers flexibility and transferable skills.

12. Passion

Ultimately, choose a course that aligns with your passion and interests. A career you’re passionate about is more likely to bring long-term satisfaction and success.

Before taking any decision, keep in mind this decision is all about your personal growth and fulfillment. Take your time, do thorough research, and consider seeking advice from mentors and professionals to make the best choice for your future.

Why Science?

From science experiments to coding workshops in schools, STEM (Science Technology Engineering Mathematics) initiatives are at the forefront of the education conversation. But why is the teaching of science so important? It is prioritized because scientific thoughts, methods, and inquiry seep into our everyday decisions. Also, it is human nature to solve problems, whether they arise out of curiosity or necessity. And teaching and learning methods are integral to keeping the inquisitiveness alive. Check out our Java Bootcamp course from upGrad if you are interested in coding.   

We can observe applications all around us. It is embodied in the systems of roads, lights, and other infrastructures designed by city planners and civil engineers, and the smartphone in our hand, which is a marvel of computer engineering. Scientific processes are inherent in the trees that turn sunlight into stored energy and produce oxygen, and also in our own internal biology and bodily functions. 

Therefore, science is much more than memorization of facts, theory, and formulas. It is up to the educators to make young learners think about science as more than an academic discipline. In the classrooms, science should be portrayed as something that helps them acquire skills and discover truths. This approach is key to creating an engaged student community. Let’s discuss the best courses after 12th science in detail below, you can also enrol on our Python Bootcamp course if your interest lies in coding and data science. 

Read: 12 Top Career Options After Computer Engineering

What To Do After 12th Science?

1. Medicine

The medical field encompasses everything from diagnostic practice to other related activities undertaken across the healthcare, pharmaceutical, and biotech-based industries. It is arguably one of the most popular courses after 12th science. If you have studied Physics, Chemistry, Biology (PCB) at the 10+2 level, you can think about the following courses: 

  • Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
  • Bachelor of Dental Surgery
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy
  • Bachelor of Medical Lab Technology
  • Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (BVSc. AH)
  • Physiotherapy (BPT) or Occupational Therapy (BOT)
  • B.Tech/BE in Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. in Agriculture and Environment Science
  • B.Sc. Home Science/Forensic Science
  • Diploma courses in operation theatre technology, medical laboratory, x-ray technology, etc. 

If you have a bio-math combination of subjects, various interdisciplinary options open besides basic sciences and its allied fields, including the following:

  • Biomedical engineering
  • Healthcare data mining
  • Cognitive neuroscience and artificial intelligence
  • Nanotechnology
  • Robotics
  • Internet of things and smart wearable technology 

Those with PCBM students who are not interested in these medical occupations can also go for architecture, computer application, and pilot training, etc. 

Read: Data Science in Healthcare: 5 Ways Data Science Reshaping the Industry

2. Engineering

The engineering profession offers a vast range of career options after 12th science. Some of them are listed below:

  • Mechanical Engineers: They apply principles of physics and mathematics to design, produce, and operate machinery. 
  • Electrical and Electronics Engineers: They are responsible for designing, building, testing, and supervising the manufacture of electrical systems and electronic equipment, such as electric motors, navigation, and communication systems. 
  • Computer Engineers: Their work is concerned with computer programming, software development, mobile, and web applications.
  • Civil Engineers: They conceive, supervise, and maintain infrastructure projects in the public and private sectors, including buildings, dams, bridges, airports, water supply, and sewage systems.
  • Chemical Engineers: They design and develop chemical manufacturing processes. These skilled experts solve problems related to production or use of chemicals, drugs, fuel, food, and other products. 
  • Aerospace Engineers: They take on specialized areas of aircraft and spacecraft development.
  • Marine Engineers: They are in charge of the internal systems of ships, oil rigs, and other overseas structures.

Explore our Popular Software Engineering Courses

With continued digital transformation, we are also observing a shift in the knowledge-orientation across academia. Today, colleges and universities are offering job-centric courses that allow participants to upskill while gaining industry exposure. These programs are also available in online formats with unique opportunities to undertake projects. Engineering is one of the most popular courses after 12th science.

You can supplement your B.Tech. education with certifications in emerging technologies like data science, artificial intelligence, blockchain, software development, etc. The Advanced Certification in Machine Learning by IIT Madras is a prime example of such qualifications. Some online postgraduate degrees provide dual credentials – for instance, Master of Science in Data Science accredited by IIIT-Bangalore and the Liverpool John Moores University.

According to the global research and advisory firm Gartner, about two million AI-related jobs will be created in the tech industry by 2025. So, the demand for data analysts, systems engineers, cloud engineers, ML specialists, cybersecurity experts, and others will cross into the positive territory in the foreseeable future.

3. Business

Traditionally, commerce stream jobs revolved around Chartered Accountant, Company Secretary, Chartered Financial Analyst, Actuarial Science, Banking, etc. Although these career choices remain popular to this day, they now have the company of other lucrative professions. We have mentioned a few of them below:

Science graduates can pursue these career paths by combining their technical and conceptual strengths with an understanding of the business world. Leading institutions and industry experts have come together to facilitate this transition via job-oriented courses. Let us take a glance at some of these master’s level credentials. 

Online education has many advantages, from lower investment requirement PG Certification in Digital Marketing and Communication certified by MICA and Facebook’s to flexibility in learning. You can complement your undergraduate degree with the above qualifications to attain a competitive advantage in the job market. The academic and practical exposure can also contribute to your overall personality development, helping you to get a promotion and salary raise. 

You can also check out our free courses offered by upGrad in Management, Data Science, Machine Learning, Digital Marketing, and Technology. All of these courses have top-notch learning resources, weekly live lectures, industry assignments, and a certificate of course completion – all free of cost!

4. Humanities

Science students can go into diverse careers, even in humanities and the arts. The roles that explore such connections are commonly known as STEAM jobs. Here is a list of some popular trans-disciplinary fields:

  • Product Designing
  • Graphic Designing
  • Fashion Technology
  • Media/Journalism
  • Animation Filmmaking
  • Photography 
  • Video Creation and Editing
  • Sound Engineering
  • HR Training, School Teaching, etc.

Another emerging humanities-centric job profile is that of techno-legal advisors and government relations experts. These individuals explain the functionality and uses of innovations like drones, driverless automobiles, robots, 3D printers, etc. and navigate conversations with different stakeholders to implement these technologies. 

If you are interested in creative domains, you will have to integrate the arts—humanities, linguistics, visual arts, design thinking, soft skills—to conventional scientific disciplines. Moreover, research suggests that future employers would prefer talent with multiple capabilities that fit together. 

Additionally, it is vital to incorporate activity-based approaches in training successful candidates for these jobs. For example, a PG certification digital marketing can help you master things like content marketing and SEO while refining your knowledge of branding and public relations. If you are a science teacher or professor, you can glean insights about how to integrate social media into your classroom. 

With a product management course, product designers can become well-versed in building effective roadmaps – covering everything from user research to prototyping and analysis. 

At upGrad, we have mentored thousands of students from across the globe for different courses and careers. Checkout our degree courses offered by upGrad in association with top universities for motivated students like you looking for state-of-the-art BBA courses after completing their 12th.

Some students may want to jump up the career ladder with a management degree. There exist several online programs to assist this personal and professional growth. For instance, top international institutes like the Deakin Business School and the Liverpool Business School offer online MBAs in collaboration with upGrad. Check out the best MBA courses.

Where can science education take you?

The courses you take after 12th science can help you improve your critical thinking, problem-solving abilities and help you with knowledge you will need to succeed in your life.

You will apply the things you learn in a classroom to your life and work, utilizing your scientific competence and expertise in different roles. So, let us look at the general transferable skills of an education in science.

  • Constructing a hypothesis, i.e., combining a scientific question with research
  • Finding answers and substantiating those answers via experimentation
  • Evaluating the results to draw conclusions 
  • Communicating evidence-based explanations 

This process can help develop critical thinking skills that will come in handy for every other subject. Your analytical abilities will also percolate into how you handle challenges in any of the career options after 12th science that you take up. 

In this article, we explained how scientific thought and inquiry pervade our everyday decision-making. We also delved into the different areas where students can apply this learning, from the traditional fields of medicine and engineering to business and the arts. In this day and age, career trajectories are also influenced by how we adapt and grow with the changing environment. So, it is essential to stay curious and sharpen our tools from time to time. 

Since students have a broad scope of opportunities before them, it can seem daunting to decide what to do after 12th science or to find best jobs after 12th. But with the above information, you can identify where your interests lie and move towards a profession of your choice!

What are the different highest paying jobs in the Science stream after 12th?

The science stream offers many high-paying career opportunities, particularly when combined with advanced degrees, specialized training, and experience. Here are some of the highest-paying jobs within the science stream:

  1. Medical Specialist
  2. Dentist
  3. Pharmacist
  4. Physician
  5. Orthodontist
  6. Data Scientist
  7. Information Security Analyst
  8. Computer and Information Systems Manager
  9. Pharmaceutical Sales Manager

Future for Science Graduates

With rapid technological advancements continuously moving forward to simplify human lives with digitization, the future seems bright for science students. STEM, being one of the most widely opted for courses is also pretty lucrative within the 12th science courses list. STEM careers are also reported to rank higher in the highest-paying occupations

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Besides exploring traditional courses for science students, learners can dive into the developing world of digital technology and search for jobs after 12th science, which keeps skyrocketing through rapid digitization and reliance on the internet. From a decentralized digital currency to IoT, scientific developments surround all aspects of our life now. Hence, online platforms and academic institutions are rapidly creating pioneering courses to help science aspirants upskill, gain digital proficiency and search for jobs after 12th science. 

Here are the spaces experiencing a surge in opportunities for science students:

  • Artificial intelligence: Courses after 12th science PCMB can take you to AI. Assisting computers to exhibit human intelligence is the core focus of artificial intelligence comprises. With ample innovations, AI is now capable of assisting routine tasks as well as highly complex scientific operations. Artificial intelligence has penetrated several industries, including eCommerce, retail, healthcare, education, sports, etc.
  • Cybersecurity: Growing digitization continues to bring various real-world aspects online with improved technology and instruments, which are also being used by notorious entities to attack cyber elements for unlawful activities. Rising cyberattack cases are bound to grow even more perceiving the sophisticated methods, which is why cybersecurity is also continually developing and equipping itself with a capable workforce. This is one of the courses after 12th science PCMB
  • Robotics: The vision to create human-like robots capable of sharing workload is now becoming a reality with advanced tech tools and improved software. The potential growth demands competent engineers and programmers to fuel the process, and science students can bring value to the dynamic tech industry. The subject also comes under courses after 12th science PCMB. 

As technology and digitization become an all-encompassing aspect of modern life, science-backed careers derive a huge boost from the growing industry demand for cutting-edge solutions. Hence, science students must begin the career planning journey early on to maximize their opportunities and skills. They must evaluate which course is best after 12th, their final career goals, and research the industries or roles that suit their interests . Essentially, the key is to know one’s options well and make an informed decision.

We hope this helps!


Kamal Jacob

Blog Author
Kamal is an experienced Online marketing consultant with a high degree of expertise in SEO, Web Analytics, Content/Technical planning and marketing.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1How to not be intimidated by the range of undergraduate options available?

We often tend to get scared of what we don’t know. To avoid that from happening, read about what each course offers. Look into the programme structures and make mental notes of what you find interesting and what you don’t. This way, you can make an informed decision. You might even stumble across something you haven’t considered so far. Revisit the programmes you liked and check out the content material of the subjects online. A good place to do that is YouTube, since it has a plethora of video analyses and live lectures for you to go through. Make use of all these free resources available.

2What do you do if you’re interested in science, humanities, and business all together?

Liberal Arts is becoming a popular degree amongst highschool students. It is essentially a multidisciplinary course that allows you to study a wider range of subjects and curate your own degree curriculum. You can pick your specialisations and also study multiple electives that don’t belong to the domain of your majors/minors. Explore such courses and find a career pathway modelled for you. A unique intersection between your fields of interest is waiting for you to find it!

3How do you apply for undergraduate degree programmes?

After you have finished going through the undergraduate programmes available, shortlist a few colleges you like. Make sure to go through their websites and read about their programmes. Check out their admissions procedure and timelines. You will have to make a list of important documents to be submitted, and keep copies of them ready with you. In case they need you to write a Statement of Purpose, it is good to start working on it well in advance. Keeping a checklist of things you need to do will help you to not miss out on the details. Lastly, regularly check their websites for any updates! If you prefer taking online degree courses, check out platforms like upGrad.

4Why would employers want to hire people with a science education?

A science education shapes students in a different way than that of other disciplines. At an introductory level, science is an interaction with the environment and lets students develop a way of thinking about their surroundings. Students from a science background tend to be curious and understand how to formulate questions and string together the information they have gathered to apply it in real life. They have good problem solving skills along with the ability to think rationally. Also, their understanding of the scientific method and technology makes them important resources for organizations they work with. However, this does not undermine students from Arts and Commerce backgrounds.

5What is the application process for an MBBS in India?

In order for students to get an MBBS admission in India, the National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts a standardised test, called the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET), which the applicants must pass. NEET is conducted every year, usually after the 12th grade final examination has concluded. Students need to have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in grades 11 and 12. For more information, you can check the National Medical Commsion’s eligibility criteria. Students use the NEET syllabus to study for the test, which comprises three sections - Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany + Zoology). The test has 200 multiple choice questions, out of which candidates need to have answered 180 questions within the 3-hour test duration.

6What skills does a humanities degree teach you?

A humanities degree teaches you some very valuable skills. Creative thinking, for instance, is a common skill. Most subjects don’t have defined, readymade answers, which compels students to think out of the box. This enables the ability to adapt to new situations and also solve problems imaginatively. Critical thinking and analytical skills are also inculcated. This is because humanities courses not only involve active research and writing, but also interpretation to a great extent. Other important skills learnt are interpersonal and communication skills, and teamwork.

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