When there are too many choices, there is confusion, and to help you tackle this confusion, we’ve compiled a list of the top full stack developer languages you can learn. As the demand for full stack developers increase, so are their salaries. By learning these primary languages, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a proper developer!
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Who is a full stack developer?
Full stack developers work on the development of both the front-end (client side) and back-end (server side) parts of a web application. They are skilled at designing whole websites and web applications. They also work on databases and debugging websites or web applications.
Full-stack web developers require several programming languages. It is vital to learn multiple programming languages because no programming language can work in all situations.
They work with text editors to use shortcuts and features like Atom, Visual Studio, Sublime, etc. They implement design skills to prepare the layout. The following sections help you to understand which full stack developer is best based on the programming language.
Let’s get started.
Full Stack Developer Languages You Should Know
HTML & CSS
HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, and you use it for creating web pages. A web page can contain text, audio, and other elements. Writing it in HTML lets the web browser interpret what the web page should display.
It is the primary language for web development and has received many updates. These days, people use HTML5, which is the latest version of HTML and has many features. HTML also helps you create a structure for your web page. HTML5 has plenty of features which make it an exciting language to learn.
For example, you can use HTML5 to create web applications that can work offline (you don’t need to be connected to the internet) as well as add fresh graphics.
With HTML, you’ll also have to learn CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). While HTML gives your web page structure, CSS affects its appearance. How your web page looks and feels is determined by its CSS code.
It is also one of the significant full stack languages you’ll have to learn. HTML has a few features to affect the appearance of its elements, but it’s constrained in comparison to CSS. Apart from that, CSS helps you save a lot of time because you can use one CSS file for multiple web pages. The World Wide Web Consortium developed CSS.
You can think of CSS as the colors and shapes of lego bricks. It makes your websites appear elegant. It is not difficult to learn CSS. It is vital for web development. Make sure you follow some effective practices and rules.
CSS lets you control the web pages during their development. A few of its great features include the potential to generate web pages, the ability to create print-friendly and customized web pages, compatibility with all web browsers, and consistency of the web pages. Companies prioritize which full stack developer is best for their project. So, you must own all the essential full stack developer skills.
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It is a scripting language, which lets you do animation, update the content, and perform many powerful functions. HTML and CSS affect the structure and appearance of the web page, and JS affects its interface.
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Now that we’ve discussed front-end languages, let’s consider a back-end language. There are many full stack developer languages dedicated to server-side programming. However, Python is the most popular one. It’s a versatile language and finds applications in many fields, including Machine Learning, data science, as well as back-end web development. Do you wonder why everyone talks about and prefers python? Read why python is so popular with developers.
It’s also effortless to learn as a beginner. You can use it to create apps too. The precise syntax of Python is quite similar to the English language, so interpreting the code and learning new things isn’t difficult. For back-end web development, you will have to get familiar with the Django framework, which is developed in Python.
Django is open-source, and like Python, it doesn’t require much effort to learn. Some big companies that are built on Django include Spotify and Mozilla. The flexibility and simplicity of Python make it a preferred choice for many developers and programmers.
Full-stack web developers use Python specifically when working on academic, research, and scientific-based applications. Python provides quick execution and simplifies mathematical calculations. This stack language is quite beneficial for beginners. Cybersecurity experts and hackers also use it.
In-Demand Software Development Skills
MEAN is a stack of web frameworks, which has gotten quite popular among full-stack developers.
It contains the following web frameworks:
Thus the name MEAN.
Each framework serves a specific purpose, and by learning them all, you can quickly get started on full stack development. The best thing is you don’t need to learn multiple full stack programming languages to use the MEAN stack.
You can use MongoDB for the database, Express.js for creating web applications, AngularJS for front-end development, and NodeJS for back-end development.They all are powerful tools and give you the ability to perform full-stack development without putting in too much effort.
These frameworks enable you to program faster and save time. MEAN is quite popular among companies because of its versatile use and fast deployment. Amazon, Google, and many major organizations are using this technology. So learning MEAN will surely give you an edge.
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It is a server-side scripting language that is extensively used by web developers. It can develop a database or handle data on a web server. This back-end technology is useful for developing web pages that are written in HTML. It is seamlessly compatible with several platforms.
This open-source utility is useful to full-stack web developers because it is broadly supported by a huge online community. Moreover, it is one of the finest languages for developing web-based applications. It can also be used for developing advertising and media apps.
PHP full-stack developers are applications developers skilled with design, testing, and implementing software in PHP. They should know both front and backend technologies. You will eliminate your confusion on is python a full stack language when you use the relevant programming languages in your projects.
It is a dynamic programming language renowned for presenting a programmer-friendly interface for web development. It is one of the best programming languages for those willing to develop creative designs because it is an object-oriented language.
It is used by plenty of web developers owing to the simplicity and effectiveness of its coding techniques. Beginners will find it comfortable to use because it is easy to learn. Primarily, it is used for developing mobile and web apps.
Full-stack developers use it to build social platforms, SaaS, and online stores. Moreover, it is extensively used to develop leading platforms like Shopify, Twitch, SoundCloud, Zendesk, and Instacart. It is alternatively termed “opinionated” software because it provides predictions for what a full-stack developer requires while coding. Consequently, it can improve these developers’ productivity. You can clear your doubts like – is python a full stack language? Or is Ruby recommended for full stack development? when you start using them.
Per (Practical Extraction and Report Language) is an interpreted language. Being a full-stack web developer, Perl is suggested for text processing. Moreover, it assimilates features of other programming languages.
It can simplify web development and deployment with its frameworks like Dancer, Catalyst, Mojolicious, and toolkits. This stack language is the potential to handle texts and glue systems. So, it is a useful tool in web development.
C++ is an object-oriented, general-purpose programming language. It is beginner-friendly because it can be written in simple English. This server-side web development language offers portability so that programmers can use it efficiently and easily.
C++ is suitable for full stack web developers because of its code reusability and high-level performance. The queries like – is python a full stack language? or is C++ useful for full-stack web development can be solved when you start using the corresponding programming languages.
SQL (Structured Query Language) is a special-purpose programming language. Web developers use it to access necessary data from databases. It can access and handle data in Oracle, MySQL, and Sybase database systems. So, it can be used on data-driven websites.
Full-stack developers use this stack language for extracting and managing data in an RDBMS (relational data management system). They use SQL to create rules for storing, accessing, or changing server data. This helps the backend components like the database or server to communicate with each other.
Learn Full Stack Programming Languages
The languages we’ve mentioned are to get you started. There are many other languages you’ll come across on your journey, such as Ruby on Rails, PHP, etc. You might wonder how to get started on this journey, however. But don’t worry, because we’re here to help you.
If you want to find out more about full-stack web development and its programming languages, you can take a look at our Executive PG Program Full-Stack Development Course. Not only will it provide you with the necessary knowledge, but it will also give you a properly structured curriculum. You’ll be able to learn the skill efficiently and effectively.
What are the differences between back-end and front-end programming?
What does a software developer do?
Which languages are used by full stack developers?
There are a lot of full stack developers, but most of them focus mainly on either the front-end or the backend. Here is the list of languages used by full stack developers. Currently, the most popular languages for full stack developers are Node.js, Python, C#. ASP.NET, and PHP. It’s believed that the most common languages for full stack developers in future will be HTML/CSS, and some of the newer ones like AngularJS, Node.js, React.js and so on. Full stack developers are polyglots. They need to be good at more than one language. The most common ones are Java, Ruby, Python and PHP. However, there are many more. There is a big demand for multi lingual developers because the Internet is global in nature.