DevOps has a great and promising future. The practical applications of DevOps is increasing day by day. Let’s discuss the future of DevOps in different areas of the IT industry and where most opportunities lie. The demand for the DevOps is well reflected in the salary of DevOps Engineer in India.
The Trends and Future of DevOps
1. DevOps in the Security Field
The field of security is peculiar because the more you automate, the higher chances of automating problems too. So all automation being done in this area to be intrinsically controlled, and this brings enormous scope for DevOps philosophy.
Implementation of DevOps should ensure the security of the product being developed in production and even int the test environments. This stands as the governance and codes of ethics of DevOps philosophy. DevOps must ensure security protocols that ensure the application’s integrity and conformance with the security policies of the company.
2. AI/ML in the DevOps Framework
The software development life cycle is revolutionized with the DevOps methodology, cloud-native approach, and microservices architecture. DevOps integrates testing and production environments, and developers get to see the problems before applications go live.
Applying AI and ML to the DevOps pipelines can help you run builds and automation in a much better with closer insights a control. People are moving from DevOps to DataOps and AIOps, which focus on the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning to learn from logs and monitoring metrics to drive DevOps in a controlled fashion.
Tools like Moogsoft and Bigpanda are market pioneers in AIOps that collect data from different monitoring and logging systems, apply artificial intelligence to it, and provide the engineer with more detailed insights and actionable data. Read more about DevOps tools. DevOps is maturing with AI making like simpler for developers, operations guys, and the DevOps engineers.
3. Automation for Every Company
In today’s world, everything happens over the internet. Most companies are changing to be like an IT company that provides some particular services. For example, booking.com was a travel company which now functions as an IT company that provides travel services.
For every company, their software is the critical element that brings in sales and business. Hence automation of software deployment and infrastructure provisioning key to all modern businesses. It plays a crucial role in improving efficiency and brings out the best software. DevOps methodologies thus play a significant role in all modern companies today.
4. Container Technology
Container technology is evolving and emerging faster than before. Containers can be used in various ways to provide different benefits. Containers can be used to sandbox applications for security and resource constraints. Research is going around using containers per user or user session.
This idea brings a limitless array of opportunities for improving user security, system security, and performing user analytics. As containerization technology improves, containers will become more cost-effective to deploy.
5. Platform as a Service (PaaS)
Platform as a service (PaaS) is a growing field with a lot of applications for DevOps concepts. Gone are those days when people worried about building an entire infrastructure for the application. Today people only ask for the platform on which their applications can be hosted.
DevOps has a lot of applications in providing PaaS solutions in terms of configurations management, continuous security, and containerization. Whose knows, in the coming days, the technology might very well improve that developers would only need to define a couple of markers or entry points in their application, and this alone would be sufficient for the application to be hosted or deployed by itself.
6. DevOps and Focus on Integration Between Edge Services
The traditional model of on-premises is clearly changing. In the last few years, companies have moved to Infrastructure as a service (IaaS), Database as a Service (DBaaS), and Platform as a Service (Paas) solution. With cloud technologies pitching in heavily and containerization technologies going widespread, DevOps has to play a significant role in the integration of all these services that are hosted on different platforms.
Public clouds are gaining popularity and acceptance, and today, even the traditional companies are moving to cloud-based solutions because of the cost savings that they can offer. Companies are now planning to use configuration management tools along with container technologies to fully automate the infrastructure provisioning and management. This calls for a bright future for DevOps.
7. DevOps Will Play a Role in Seamless Security Integration
Most of the security breaches result from the vulnerability at the application layer. Companies are now trying to adopt a mature and secure software development approach that helps to evade all these threats. Companies are currently moving towards a programmatic approach to application security that embeds security in the early stages of the software development lifecycle.
Companies want a security approach that goes beyond just scanning and fixing security flaws. DevOps can play a vital role here. With the continuous security philosophy, DevOps can enable seamless security integration to allow the development teams to develop secure software code faster than before. DevOps continuous security ensures testings are done along the development lifecycle and not at the end of it.
Thus developers will be able to find code bugs during the development phase itself, ensuring the security of the software before the formal test phase.
8. Job as a Code
The development-to-operations handshake is still a manual and tedious process. In 2019, it is expected that DevOps philosophy would emphasize on “jobs-as-code” in the software delivery lifecycle. This could act as a coding automation instrumentation. This approach with the Infrastructure as a Code methodology and CI/CD pipelines will help reduce the time gap for the development-to-operations handshake.
9. Containers Will Override Configuration Management
In 2019, the world of DevOps is being shaken by container orchestration platforms. Container orchestration mechanisms are so powerful that they can grow to replace configuration management tools like Ansible, Chef, and Puppet.
Kubernetes is today the best known and most widely used container orchestration system, but many more are yet to hit the industry. If appropriately implemented, container orchestration systems can simplify the infrastructure provisioning and many of the complexities around it.
The DevOps world will have to adopt this new method of Infrastructure as Code. The industry will also move towards standardizing the frameworks for software versions minimizing the need for software configurations. For example, companies can release different docker images of the same software with different configurations as per customer needs. Thus the need for configuration management tools will get reduced.
The future of DevOps is very promising, and many more companies are set to accept this methodology. DevOps methodologies are itself changing with new tools and technologies coming in. We hope, in this article, we have discussed ideas around DevOps future scope and how it is going to revolutionize the industry further.
If you are interested to become a DevOps engineer, check out IIIT-B & upGrad’s PG Diploma in Full Stack Software Development Program.