DevOps is the latest buzzword in the field of IT. Though DevOps is still in its infancy, it is taking on the IT industry with a great revolution, and DevOps engineer career path has a promising future to offer. DevOps is practice and a philosophy that merges software development and infrastructure operations or at least reduces the gap between the two.
According to an article on gartner.com, by 2022, Gartner anticipates 75% of DevOps projects to fail to meet expectations owing to reason around organizational lack of knowledge and resistance to change of philosophy. This calls for experienced professionals and knowledgeable people to fill the gap in the DevOps career path.
DevOps is a mainstream strategy with a lot of opportunities. The DevOps industry has been offering a variety of general and specialized roles based on the DevOps methodology.
DevOps Career Path
DevOps engineers are among the highest paid IT professionals today. Organizations that adopted DevOps practices are exhibiting high performance with rapid growth. This has led to many other organizations globally trying to choose the same method. According to the Puppetlabs state of DevOps report, companies who have taken the DevOps philosophy are able to deploy their code up to 30 times more frequently than their competitors.
The report also says that there are 50% fewer chances of code failure. The job search portal indeed.com has witnessed a 75% increase in the listings for DevOps jobs. On the other hand, on linkedin.com, there has been a 50% increase in the mention of DevOps as a skill.
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DevOps Jobs & Salaries
According to the salary structure graph from indeed.com, DevOps jobs started skyrocketing from the middle of 2015. DevOps engineer salaries witnessed a steep surge in the US, showing the demand for professionals.
According to PayScale.com, salaries for qualified DevOps engineering professionals working in the US are upwards of $93,000. A similar report on payscale.com confirms that a DevOps engineer in India gets an average salary of 6.5L. Read more about DevOps Salary in India.
DevOps Roles and Responsibilities
DevOps philosophy is fast evolving and new designations, roles, and responsibilities and emerging. An interesting fact is that though companies list these roles separately, there is a lot of overlap on the responsibilities, duties, and skill requirements. As of today, most companies have the below list of job titles for DevOps engineers
A DevOps architect is responsible for analyzing and executing DevOps practices within the organization or a team. He architects the overall DevOps environment bringing in all efficient DevOps methodologies as per industry standards. He brings in the right tools for automation of the processes.
He facilitates the development processes and operations. The DevOps architect also sets up a continuous build environment to speed up the software development, testing, and the production deployment process. In some organizations, a DevOps architect serves as a mentor to the team, guiding the developers and operations teams to resolve issues.
He monitors, reviews, and manages the technical operations from a leadership standpoint.
In a DevOps environment, a release manager is responsible for planning, scheduling, monitoring, and controlling the software development and deployment process. He develops the development team and the operations team to be in sync, enabling frequent but short feedback loops.
This ensures faster releases of the software. A release manager is responsible for defining the success and acceptance criteria for the current build of the software. He effectively uses the CI/CD pipeline and overlooks the quality standards of the builds. In DevOps culture, a release manager is more people-centric and tried to minimize the user impact. This means that in the DevOps culture a release manager plays some parts of a project manager
In the DevOps, world security is popularly known as DevSecOps. The responsibilities include using different tools like log management and configuration management to ensure security throughout. DevOps emphasizes on a continuous security philosophy.
In the traditional waterfall software development lifecycle, security is mainly implemented only when the code is being released to production. But in the DevOps culture, security is a critical factor throughout the DevOps continuous cycles.
In the DevOps world, an automation engineer is responsible for developing and maintaining the CI/CD process for all the applications and their builds using tools like Maven, Jenkins, Git, Gerrit, Gradle, etc. He would be automating the configuration management across the infrastructure and platforms using configuration management tools like Ansible, Chef, Puppet, SaltStack, Fabric, etc.
He is also responsible for building and administering virtual machines and containers using tools such as Vagrant, Docker, and Kubernetes. The automation engineer also performs logging and monitoring activities using tools like Nagios, Zabbix, ELK stack, and Splunk.
A test engineer in the DevOps culture has to align their test design, test cases, and test automation with the DevOps framework being used. A software tester verifies that the code changes work as intended and also makes sure that the changes do not break the software product as a whole. In short, the software tester ensures that the piece of code meets the success and acceptance criteria put forth by the release manager, as discussed above.
An integration specialist works with the infrastructure operations teams and software development teams to create the integration and continuity of the code. He creates a holistic view of the working environments. He supports engineering and testing teams to meet infrastructure needs. He also provides some level of support for developed automation. The integration specialist also works with the cloud architects to implement the containers as per the requirements of the software development engineers.
If you are reading this article, you must be looking to build a career on the DevOps path. Here is a brief idea of the DevOps engineer career path, which is one of the most rewarding career paths of today. We hope this article has enlightened you with the concepts of DevOps, the DevOps career path and salaries, and the various roles and responsibilities in the DevOps world.
If you are interested to become a DevOps engineer, check out IIIT-B & upGrad’s Executive PG Programme in Software Development – Specialisation in DevOps.