Full Stack Development US Blog Posts

All Blogs
Why will a team hire a Full Stack Developer?
What is a full-stack developer, and what do they do? A full-stack developer works on both the interface (front-end) and the inner workings (back-end) of a web application or website. These professionals possess a detailed understanding of different technologies that form a web-based system. These developers can effectively plan, troubleshoot, and execute elaborate plans for building web-based applications with their vast knowledge of the subject. Here are some essential terms to understand the full-stack developer job profile and role. Front-end developer: They work on the part of the application a user views. A visitor accesses information, interacts, and submits information through the front end. These developers generally use three specific languages to build the front-end. These are commonly termed client-side languages that help build client-side or the side visible to users in the software. These include: HTML: mainly used for content organization of the website or application. CSS: used to design and determine how the application visually looks. JavaScript: Incorporates interactive and visual elements into your application. Back-end developer: These developers are mainly responsible for the sections of the web application that visitors or viewers do not see and hence are termed “back-end.” This consists of elaborate code that runs on the server to handle different functions like delivering content, storing data, communicating with various applications through APIs, etc. In simple terms, all the tasks that do not need to be displayed are done at the back-end. Back-end developers can specialize in PHP, python, java, or any such language to develop their code. They also possess database-related knowledge for better handling of data. SQL and MongoDB are most commonly known. Coming back to full-stack developers, they are developers that perform a hybrid or a combination of both these roles. Thus, they contribute to every aspect of the web development process. From creating interactive methods to server-side functions, they are implemented by full-stack developers. However, it is essential to note that full-stack developers are not experts in all web-based technologies. These developers are assets to any development team, so they are highly in demand. Due to their well-versed comprehensive knowledge, they help the development team in optimizing efficiency and performance while catching issues before their occurrence, improving the overall process. Learn Software Development Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. Why hire a full-stack developer? As mentioned, a full-stack developer is the ace of any web development team. Here are a bunch of reasons why you must hire a full-stack web developer: Approach versatility: Fluent in both front-end and back-end, full-stack developers know the requirements of the business as well as the use of the application. The skills enable full-stack developers to provide a better solution than any other developer. This especially comes into use when there are issues with budgets. Their ability to streamline processes with quick delivery on both server and client sides of the website application adds to their versatility. Agile skill set: The dexterous skills of a full-stack developer helps vastly in expanding a business. The ability to build codes and manage appearance simultaneously helps with the interactive nature of the application. Their enthusiastic nature and foresight help meet customer expectations and demands quickly. They also possess a trait of independence and hence do not require a shoulder to lean on. Problem-solving abilities: Budgeting is generally a problem in most developing areas. However, this does not allow them to compromise on their quality. This is where full-stack developers come into the picture. Hiring one full-stack developer is equivalent to hiring multiple professionals with different skills. It helps in saving a lot of money as one full stack developer can even work as a part of a team and collaborate with other developers while segregating responsibilities for on-time deliveries.  Extensive knowledge: Endowed with expansive knowledge in different domains can be helpful in the expansion of their businesses. Handing ownership of a project to a full-stack developer is an easy task due to their wide expertise.  Problem-solving capabilities: Being well-versed in different development phases of a web application, they can handle and identify the root causes of most issues while deploying effective and easy solutions. This improves the usability and versatility of any project. Furthermore, they also help in optimizing and streamlining all processes. What skills should a full-stack developer possess? The vast skill set of a full-stack developer is not acquired overnight. It comes with experience and continuous learning. The full-stack developer scope is vast and not clearly defined. However, here’s a list of skills that a full-stack developer must possess: Programming Languages: Well-versed knowledge in a few different programming languages like Java, Python, PHP, etc., is a must. A full-stack developer must be able to code with ease and should have an idea about the structure, design, testing, and implementation of at least two or more languages. Third-party libraries and frameworks: Largely help save time and add structure to your code. A well-versed knowledge of the subject is necessary to improve and optimize the code while also simultaneously saving time.  Back-end technology: They must possess technical skills like Python, Java, PHP, SQL, MongoDB, GIT, etc. Apart from soft skills like communication, organization, management, and practical problem-solving and analytical thinking are required. Front-end technology: HTML, JavaScript, and CSS are commonly known as the front-end trifecta. These constitute the heart of front-end development, and a full-stack developer must be well versed in all three. This helps them work on the website’s visual appearance and interactive behavior of web applications. GitHub knowledge: GitHub offers fantastic ways of learning, growing, sharing, and developing skills that can help with all sorts of projects and applications. Knowledge of how to use and navigate GitHub shall effectively complete a project while enhancing its functioning. Web application architecture: Structuring the code and the data also forms an integral part of their job, and a full-stack developer is bound to own fluency in it. This determines the computation time and efficiency of the code. Knowledge of the application’s architecture helps a developer determine how to structure the rest. Debugging or version control: Making changes in documents and codes constitutes a large part of the job. Understanding version control helps you keep track of every modification to your code. All of these modifications are stored in a database, and hence the need to know how to handle a database comes into the picture. This skill of version control helps in minimizing disruptions while working in teams. Design ability and creative thinking: The developer designs the project based on its design. A basic understanding of UI design, UX design, and prototype design is a plus while building an application. HTTP and REST: The HTTP protocol helps communicate with servers and clients, while the REST protocol acts as an interface between systems. RESt is a back-end translator as HHTP understands the front-end. A full-stack developer is a hybrid of the two that requires knowledge of both subjects. upGrad’s Exclusive Software Development Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4   The career graph of a full stack developer Like every other job role, a full-stack developer also starts as a junior developer. Once an experience of about 3-4 years is gained, the transition to a senior full-stack developer is easy. Senior developers should be capable of building out and managing the company’s infrastructure.  After spending some time as a Senior developer, advancement to a directorial level is normal. It is important to understand that despite the advancement, a director still spends time coding and handling bigger problems and other managerial responsibilities. Soft skills play a large role in this position. A CTO role is what comes next in performing well as a director. The chief technical officer is responsible for providing technical leadership and guidance for the business. This is an executive leadership position. Thus, one must possess both business as well as technical knowledge.  These powerful positions are big leaps in terms of careers and also are compensated well. They significantly help develop web applications while keeping up with today’s technological trends. This is why full-stack developers are in demand. Popular Courses & Articles on Software Engineering Popular Programs Executive PG Program in Software Development - IIIT B Blockchain Certificate Program - PURDUE Cybersecurity Certificate Program - PURDUE MSC in Computer Science - IIIT B Other Popular Articles Cloud Engineer Salary in the US AWS Solution Architect Salary in US Backend Developer Salary in the US Front End Developer Salary in US Web developer Salary in USA Scrum Master Interview Questions How to Start a Career in Cyber Security Career Options in the US for Engineering Students .wpdt-fs-000020 { font-size: 20px !important;} Getting started on your journey to becoming a full-stack developer Hoping to become a full-stack developer? You must have relevant skills and in-depth knowledge of Salesforce if you plan to pursue a career in this niche. To acquire relevant knowledge and skills, you can enroll for the Executive PG Program in Software Development on upGrad.  With a large selection of courses taught by experienced faculty, you get to experience the best of web development knowledge. Bag some of the highest paying jobs and acquire executive positions in no time by upskilling yourself today with the finest development courses on upGrad.
Read More

by Pavan Vadapalli

04 Dec 2022

A beginner’s guide to GitHub
As a new coder, you must learn about Git, which possesses dynamic features to assist your work. Git works as a distributed version control software enabling diverse entities to work concurrently and saving the changes history of all the work. The exceptional feature guarantees zero code quarrels, enabling developers to roll back files or full projects to a prior code model. As the needs of such projects change frequently, a version control system enables developers to revert to an earlier version of their code.  Git’s branch structure enables developers to work on a job independently. If you’re a developer, think of Git as a little software application that manages your code base.  Repositories for Git  Repository storage is an imperative feature you must know if you want to start utilizing Git. A repository is a venture that contains several files, such as code-based files.  There are two ways of storing Git repositories: Store it online, on cloud storage, or install the server in your system to store files. The most popular Git repository services are GitHub by Microsoft, GitLab, and BitBucket. Need of Git Git simplifies contributing to open source projects GitHub is used to handle almost every open-source project. If your product is open-source, you can use GitHub for free. It contains a web interface and native app that simplify incorporating detailed documentation and receiving comments on your project.  You can begin by creating a clone of a project and modifying it, then simply submit a pull request through GitHub’s web interface. This pull request will allow you to inform others about the amendments done in the project and is ready for review.  Learn Software Development Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. Quality Data  Git makes it easy to obtain quality documentation by utilizing GitHub. Its support section and tutorials provide information on almost any Git-related topic one can think of.  Connects to various platforms  GitHub can connect to popular systems like Amazon and Google Cloud and services like Code Climate to track your input and identify terminology in over 200 computer languages. Enables updates in your code between versions It’s difficult to maintain track of modifications when a group working on the same project modifies the files. GitHub ensures uniformity by tracking all changes to the repository files.  It also enables you to maintain the history of your previous files, similar to what we do in Microsoft, etc., so the past versions are not lost with every amendment. GitHub makes it simple to return to the prior version and add your contributions. Exhibit your work  Do you want to gain the attention of your recruiters as a developer? Then GitHub has your back with its utmost reliability. Most firms now check GitHub profiles while looking for new project hires. If your profile is public, your chances of getting hired increase, even if you did not attend a prestigious institution or college. How to use GitHub? Install GitHub on your device  First, install the Git tools on the computer system. To interact with GitHub, we’ll use the Command Line Interface.  Begin with updating your package. Install Git and Git-Hun with apt-get. Lastly, check if you have installed Git correctly.  When you’re ready to save your work, execute the following commands with your data to set a default username and email. Establishing a Local Git Repository  Set up a local Git repository as you start a new project from scratch. Here, your can save files and change checkpoints for versioning control. Also, don’t forget to make a folder on your desktop before beginning your local repository.  Launch your port or command prompt by copying the commands listed below.  cd~/Desktop/git-demo-example git init  Voilà! You have created your first Git repository, ready to store files.  Add some files to the folder so you’ll have something to work with. Make a file called floral.py in your git-demo-example folder and paste the following code.  If you don’t have Python installed, you can still follow along by creating a .txt file instead of a .py file. floral=[rose, lily, hibiscus, daisy, petunia, sunflower] Exit and save the document. In the same folder, create another file called fruits.py and paste the following code into it. fruits=[apple,banana,watermelon,mango,lichi,orange] Now you have two files in your Git folder.  upGrad’s Exclusive Software Development Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4   Sharing files to the Local Git Repository Once you are done with creating a local Git Repository and creating new files, the next step is to add those files into the repository’s folder to track the amendments made in the file. The process is known as committing. Commuting takes two steps to commit the code to the local repository. You must begin by placing the file in a staging area before committing. This extra step in the process allows you to control which files you want to commit to the local repository and protects you from committing a wrong file.  For example: if you wish to commit a single file to the staging area, use— git add flower.py  But if you wish to add more than one file, th use— git add flower.py fruit.py Examine All Commitments  You can use git log to see a list of the commits made so far. The commit log contains the name of the creator of the commit, the date when it was committed, and the commit message for each commit.  Ignoring Commit Files If there are files that you don’t wish to commit, you can use the .gitignore file to help with that. The .gitignore file instructs Git on which files or variations it should ignore, so they are not showcased and committed by mistake. Git Branches  Another brilliant feature provided in GitHub is with Git, you can create separate branches to keep your work distinct from the master branch, which is extremely useful for running code tests. If you type git status in your port, you’ll see that you’re on the master branch. Make a Remote Repository to Collaborate With Your Group Once you have saved all of the changes in your local repository, set up a remote repository and sync it with your local one to simplify access or share it with people- this will allow you to move changes to a prime hub where others can access your code and make the required amendments. Popular Courses & Articles on Software Engineering Popular Programs Executive PG Program in Software Development - IIIT B Blockchain Certificate Program - PURDUE Cybersecurity Certificate Program - PURDUE MSC in Computer Science - IIIT B Other Popular Articles Cloud Engineer Salary in the US AWS Solution Architect Salary in US Backend Developer Salary in the US Front End Developer Salary in US Web developer Salary in USA Scrum Master Interview Questions How to Start a Career in Cyber Security Career Options in the US for Engineering Students .wpdt-fs-000020 { font-size: 20px !important;} Learn more about GitHub by taking an advanced course At upGrad, our Executive PG Program in Software Development is perfect for aspiring software developers, IT professionals, engineers, analysts, and freshers wanting to kick-start their careers in software development. The course offers you a complete journey into software development, including data architecture. Sign up now to take advantage of exclusive upGrad features such as 360-degree learning support, group study, and network management.
Read More

by Pavan Vadapalli

03 Dec 2022

Most important skills for a Full Stack Developer
Full-stack developers are the most sought-after professionals, adept in front-end and back-end development of web apps, websites, and platforms. In addition, they are also knowledgeable on database architecture, user interfaces, user experiences, design principles, and other computational tasks. Owing to their versatility, full-stack developers have higher chances of getting a job in software development and persistent growth.  Full-stack professionals are skilled in working in both front-end and back-end development environments. Due to the exceptional full-stack developer skills, these professionals are responsible for web designing and development at the front-end, carrying out tests, writing clean code, resolving bugs, etc. Moreover, they can work with data scientists to enhance the software. As discussed in this overview, full-stack developers own a myriad of skills related to software development. The following section discusses the most important skills for a full-stack developer. Let’s first look at the front-end skills: Front-end Skills of Full-Stack Developers: i. HTML & CSS: Two crucial building blocks of a full-stack developer skill set working on any web application are HTML and CSS. Full-stack developers must possess decent knowledge and experience in both these programming languages as it helps in designing appealing front-end interfaces. HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) determines the structure of a webpage. It informs the browser of the way a webpage must display elements. These elements can be words, images, videos, and widgets. Without HTML coding, an application or website will be devoid of a user interface which makes the website impossible to navigate. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) determines the appearance and feel of a website. It decides the aesthetic components like fonts, colors, and other style attributes. Furthermore, CSS lets a website feature consistent presentation irrespective of the device. Learn Software Development Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. ii. JavaScript: The object-oriented scripting language is imperative because it is usually used to incorporate behaviors through HTML. It is the only programming language that can operate natively in the browser and on the server-side, i.e., Node.js. JavaScript is the most extensively used programming language for writing both front-end and back-end code for servers. The knowledge of Java full-stack developer skills is vital for full-stack developers entailing various valuable features like prototypes, functions, closure, and higher-order event allocation, assisting full-stack developers in designing responsive webpages. iii. AJAX: Accessing information or carrying out updates while using your device is not an issue courtesy of Ajax- a web programming concept that allows seamless information retrieval and updates without disrupting apps in the background. Ajax enables full-stack developers to learn how web apps can send and retrieve information from servers asynchronously.   iv. jQuery: jQuery is an essential Java full-stack developer skill, which works as a Javascript library that streamlines actions like HTML event handling, animations, and document traversing for Ajax. Full-stack developers use jQuery to save time while coding typical web development actions as it provides shortcuts to provide full-stack developers with more time to work on complex development issues.  v. ReactJS: It is an open-source front-end JavaScript library helpful in creating user interfaces. For full-stack developers, it is useful because it lets them reuse UI components. ReactJS can create huge web applications that modify data without reloading the webpage. Popular Courses & Articles on Software Engineering Popular Programs Executive PG Program in Software Development - IIIT B Blockchain Certificate Program - PURDUE Cybersecurity Certificate Program - PURDUE MSC in Computer Science - IIIT B Other Popular Articles Cloud Engineer Salary in the US AWS Solution Architect Salary in US Backend Developer Salary in the US Front End Developer Salary in US Web developer Salary in USA Scrum Master Interview Questions How to Start a Career in Cyber Security Career Options in the US for Engineering Students .wpdt-fs-000020 { font-size: 20px !important;} Back-end Skills of Full Stack Developers i. Ruby on Rails: It is a robust framework and programming language frequently used to develop software as a service (SaaS), social platforms, and online stores. It has been used to create platforms like Shopify, Twitch, SoundCloud, and Zendesk. The knowledge of Ruby on Rails helps full-stack developers know coding essentials, thus boosting their productivity. Therefore, it is one of the crucial full-stack developer skills. ii. Node.js: Full-stack developers use the Node.js platform to execute Javascript code before setting it up in a web browser. One can gauge its popularity among full-stack developers from the fact that multiple events and conferences are hosted annually to support the Node.js community. iii. SQL: This programming language enables data retrieval and consolidation in a relational data management system. Full-stack developers use SQL to let back-end elements like databases or servers communicate internally. This is possible because SQL helps formulate rules for storing, accessing, or modifying server data. iv. Python: Python is a programming language extensively used for developing applications and websites. It is also useful for automation and undertaking data analysis. Being a general-purpose language, it performs diverse web/app development tasks. Hence, full-stack developers must be knowledgeable in Python. Other important skills for a full stack developer: i. Git and GitHub: Git and GitHub are vital full-stack skills any beginner or experienced full-stack developer should have. Git is software for identifying modifications in any set of files. Essentially, it is an open-source distributed version control system capable of sufficing your different web development needs. The use of Git guarantees efficiency and speed for web development projects regardless of their size. Using Git, full-stack developers can flawlessly deal with all the modifications applied to websites, codes, documents, applications, and other info related to application/software development. On the other hand, GitHub is a web-based interface that allows multiple individuals to simultaneously make distinct changes to a file. It offers cloud storage for source code, simplifies the duplication process, and allows version control collaboration. If working in a team, professional developers must have a GitHub profile. ii. Web architecture: Full-stack developers must know all facets of web architecture to develop server-side structures and fulfill client-side needs. It entails the knowledge of data structure, code structure, file categorization, computational tasks, and using application logic between the server and the client. iii. HTTP and REST: HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) is a communication protocol supporting web actions like video streaming, webpages loading, and other types of interrelation between web servers and web browsers. REST (Representational State Transfer) is a translator between the front and back ends. Hence, both HTTP and REST are vital for full-stack development. iv. NPM: It is software for managing dependencies for the Javascript packages. Particularly, it is designed to use with Node.js and assists the node in handling conflicts. Usually, full-stack developers use NPM in tasks like development, issuing, detection, and deployment of node programs. v. Database storage: Every web app depends on information saved in a back-end database. With efficient database storage, apps and websites can effectively and effortlessly access information when needed. Full-stack developers create the bridges connecting the client-side and the server-side. So, they must be skilled in aspects like NoSQL databases, relational and non-relational data, and storage solutions like MongoDB.  Soft Skills: Soft skills are important in the full-stack developer skill set, just like the front-end and back-end skills. Full-stack developers must possess powerful attention to detail. This is because different tools and technologies and the volume of code used can lead to errors. The occurrence of errors makes the websites and platforms unfeasible. Therefore, if full-stack developers possess powerful attention to detail, they can detect errors in code and spot mistakes in a framework. Also, they can identify where the front-end and back-end fail to communicate. Another vital soft skill for full-stack developers is communication. A full-stack job profile implies needing to be an expert at tech stuff and communication. They should ensure flawless communication between different teams involved. Other must-have skills are the ability to consolidate, prioritize, and delegate to ensure the projects are on track. Salary of Full-Stack Developers: According to Indeed, the average base salary of Full-Stack Developers is ₹7,80,157 per year in India. According to Indeed, the average base salary of Full-Stack Developers is $113,349 per year in the U.S.   Factors on which the salary of Full-Stack Developers in India depend         Salary based on employer         Salary based on the job location Salary of Full-Stack Developers based on the employer in India: Recruiter Average Salary (per annum) GROWEL SOFTECH  INR 12,39,685 Catalyst Solutions INR 11,91,270 Unnati INR 10,75,583 Trigent Software Limited INR 10,61,239 Source: Indeed Salary of Full-Stack Developers based on job location in India For Full-Stack Developers, the highest paying cities in India are: Job locations Average Salary (per annum) Hyderabad, Telangana INR 9,13,205 Bengaluru, Karnataka INR 8,61,952 Pune, Maharashtra INR 8,19,737 Gurgaon, Haryana INR 7,98,025 Mumbai, Maharashtra INR 7,80,599 Chennai, Tamil Nadu INR 7,34,115 Indore, Madhya Pradesh INR 6,30,503 Ahmedabad, Gujarat INR 5,79,519 Source: Indeed Get Started With Your Full-Stack Developer Journey With UpGrad: Over the years, the number of full-stack developer aspirants is increasing significantly. Many organizations recruit full-stack developers to assist in web/app development and make cost-effective business decisions. Full-stack developer aspirants can opt for Full Stack Development Certificate Program by IIIT Bangalore . It is a live program created to impart job-ready software skills by industry experts. Moreover, it includes 400+ hours of live sessions. Completing this 12-month course with a 10-12 hours/week course schedule indicates a guaranteed job as a full-stack developer. Conclusion These are some of the most vital skills every full-stack developer must possess before starting or pursuing a career in full-stack development. These will allow you to have end-to-end control over full-stack development aspects. 
Read More

by Pavan Vadapalli

02 Dec 2022

Career guide to Full Stack Development
Introduction Have you ever been intrigued by how web applications work or how a website functions?  A web application architecture has two main components, the front-end, and back-end. The front-end or the client-side is the user interface which involves the graphics and other options a user can see on the website or mobile app. The back-end is the receiver or server-side of the application comprising all the functions hidden from users. Front-end developers build the client-side, and the back-end developers manage the server-side. However, some professionals do both front-end and back-end jobs. They are called full-stack developers. If website or web application development interests you, a career in full-stack development might be the ideal choice. This blog offers a step-by-step guide to building a full-stack developer career and lists the various skills required for full-stack development. What does a full-stack developer do? Before you jump into the nitty-gritty of building a full-stack developer career, acquaint yourself with responsibilities. You know the crux of a full stack developer’s job – managing both the front-end and back-end of a web application. Their primary responsibility is developing servers, creating website databases, and working on user interfaces. However, they also have to handle many complex tasks. Some of the responsibilities of a full stack developer include: Working with the design team to build engaging web pages and UI. Running multiple tests of the web applications to check for any bugs. Debugging the website and ensuring its smooth optimization. Designing codes for front-end and back-end web architecture. Suggesting changes to modify the existing user programs. Ensuring compatibility and optimization between different platforms. Supervising automated testing of the application and offering feedback to teams. Staying updated about technological developments and working on implementing the same. Developing Application Programming Interface (APIs). Full-stack developers have to manage the entire software development process from conception to deployment. Learn Software Development Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. Why should you pursue a career in full-stack development? With more start-ups, companies, and even small businesses launching their mobile or web applications, the need for full-stack developers is at an all-time high in the US. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, web developer jobs in the US are likely to grow 13 percent from 2020 to 2030. This growth will be highest compared to all other occupations. Nearly 18,000 web developer job openings are expected to open up every year. Another interesting reason to pursue a full-stack developer career is the earning potential. According to Indeed, the average base salary of a full-stack developer in the United States is $100,795 annually. Full-stack developers with relevant experience and skills earn a lot more.  Also, full-stack development is one of the most preferred roles in software development. According to a survey, 38% of hiring managers reported that full-stack development was the top role to fill in 2020. So, full-stack development is one of the most sought-after careers in the 21st century, with excellent growth opportunities. How to build a career in full-stack development? Let us see the essential steps to becoming a full-stack developer. upGrad’s Exclusive Software Development Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4   Set Goals The first step to starting your full-stack development career is to set goals. You can do this by analyzing some essential factors like your skills, previous experience, what you wish to learn, how soon you want to learn, whether you want to do internships, what skills you can acquire, and certificate or degree courses that you can pursue to enhance your skills. For instance, if you are a beginner in web development, learn both front-end and back-end development. However, you must focus on upskilling yourself if you are a front-end developer or have some experience in full-stack development. Start Learning Once you have set your goals, you must focus on learning. Many people who prefer intensive education opt for degree courses. If you are a fresher, you can pursue a four-year bachelor’s degree in computer science or computer applications. If you are a web developer and want to learn more, you can pursue a master’s degree in science. However, if your goal is to gain more practical skills and work on real-time projects, enrolling in boot camps, training, or certificate courses offered online by ed-tech platforms or universities is better. Popular Courses & Articles on Software Engineering Popular Programs Executive PG Program in Software Development - IIIT B Blockchain Certificate Program - PURDUE Cybersecurity Certificate Program - PURDUE MSC in Computer Science - IIIT B Other Popular Articles Cloud Engineer Salary in the US AWS Solution Architect Salary in US Backend Developer Salary in the US Front End Developer Salary in US Web developer Salary in USA Scrum Master Interview Questions How to Start a Career in Cyber Security Career Options in the US for Engineering Students .wpdt-fs-000020 { font-size: 20px !important;} Acquire Relevant Skills The next step is to acquire popular full-stack development skills. Here are some of the most relevant skills and programming languages to learn: Front-end development skills like HTML, CSS, ReactJS, and AJAX. Back-end development skills like Node.js, Ruby, Python, SQL, and Flask. Java Web architecture Git and GitHub Bootstrap You also need to learn the following soft skills in addition to the technical skills mentioned above. Problem-solving Creativity Time management Communication Leadership Build a Portfolio Creating a portfolio is essential to supply for full-stack development jobs. It allows you to showcase your skills and work experience. You can attach your portfolio while sending emails for job applications. Some of the best ways to build a portfolio are to do internships in full-stack development. You can also volunteer at many organizations to improve your skills and learn new programming languages. With experience, you can also work as a freelance full-stack developer and take on paid projects. Another best option is to create a profile on GitHub and work on open-source projects. It will help build your portfolio and enhance your CV.  Apply for Jobs Once your portfolio is ready, you can start applying for full-stack developer jobs. Some of the top companies in the US where you can apply for full-stack JavaScript developer jobs are eBay, Cisco, PwC, and Walmart. You can send cold emails to companies or search for opportunities on LinkedIn, AngelList, and other online job search portals. You can also apply for full-stack development jobs in start-ups for immense growth and learning. Prepare for Interview Preparing for interviews is one of the most critical steps in your career. Full-stack development interviews will most likely have a technical round to assess your skills. You can expect questions related to programming languages or coding. The interviewer might ask about your previous experience in coding, the tools that you know, or projects you have worked on. In fresher interviews, the majority of the questions are asked from the things mentioned in the CV and portfolio. Some interviewers might also give a practical challenge to solve. You can read several popular interview questions and answers on full-stack development. Also, prepare well for behavioral questions like ‘tell us about yourself’, ‘why you are the best candidate for this job’, ‘explain your strengths and weaknesses’, and more. Make sure to brush up on all the basic theoretical concepts on full-stack development before going for the interview. Popular Tools in Full Stack Development  Full-stack developers use various software development and planning tools. Here are some of the most popular tools in full-stack development that will help you grow in your career. Backbone Python MySQL TypeScript GitHub Visual Studio Code  Angular.JS Slack PHP Sublime Text CodePen Electron jQuery WebStorm Docker Conclusion A full-stack development career’s difficulty level largely depends on your interests and how willing you are to learn. People with a prior coding background find it easier to understand full-stack development and can acquire relevant skills in a few months. However, you might find it a tad bit difficult to learn the appropriate skills for full-stack development if you do not have a degree in computer science or computer application.  Irrespective of your prior knowledge, you can learn full-stack development by gaining theoretical and practical knowledge. Certificate courses like upGrad’s Full Stack Development Certificate Program by IIIT Bangalore are best to kickstart your career. It teaches you the basics of web programming, software engineering, and advanced topics like web development, software testing, process management, and more.
Read More

by Pavan Vadapalli

01 Dec 2022

Beginner’s guide to NodeJS
NodeJS is a cross-platform and open-source JavaScript run-time environment used by web developers to develop scalable applications and write codes dealing with several connections on one device. In server-side JavaScript, NodeJS has become one of the greatest used tools. Various job postings aim to recruit NodeJS developers due to their vast popularity. This NodeJS complete guide will teach you all the essential NodeJS aspects. Before proceeding with the fundamental concepts of Node.js, if you are confused about how to learn NodeJS for beginners, you must know about its installation. So, let’s get started: The Usefulness of NodeJS: JavaScript could work only in the browser. This is because browsers include an engine that interprets JavaScript into code the machine can comprehend. But the backend lacks this engine, working as a translator for the language. This is where NodeJS comes into the picture. It works as a JavaScript engine allowing your code to operate on a physical machine. Installation of NodeJS: The first step in the process of how to learn NodeJS for beginners is to download its stable version from the official NodeJS site. Based on your system configurations and operating system, you need to install NodeJS. Subsequently, you can begin working on it instantly. Ascertain the minimum RAM capacity is 4 GB. To thoroughly learn NodeJS, you should understand backend development and backend JavaScript. Learn Software Development Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. Backend development: The easy way to consider backend development is to view it as the data access layer. To run any website, you have a database for storing all relevant data. The backend requests this data categorizes it and delivers it to the frontend to make sure it can be visible on screen. Moreover, the backend keeps your website running flawlessly. Backend JavaScript: When JavaScript was initially developed, it was only able to run in the browser. It implied the backend was administered by languages like Ruby on Rails or Python. Using two different languages also led the company to find engineers proficient in both. It demanded more costs for the company and more employees. Hiring one employee for both the backend and frontend worked to be easier. Therefore, JavaScript possesses the capabilities to deal with backend duties and is regarded as a full-stack language. 1. Introduction to NodeJS: The most important element of the NodeJS beginner guide is the introduction to NodeJS. You must know what NodeJS is, where it’s used, why companies are implementing it, and its features. For the development of the server-side applications, it is vital to know why to select NodeJS compared to other frameworks.  In this part, you will learn how NodeJS compiles the JavaScript code in the native machine code. 2. NPM (Node Package Manager): The NodeJS complete guide is incomplete without NPM. NPM is the core facet of NodeJS. Once you are done with the installation, the next step is to learn NPM. NPM contains more than 800,000+ libraries used for various purposes. All these preexisting libraries have their unique code to develop various NodeJS features. Hence, you need not build all things from scratch. You must install the requisite library through the NPM command and then use it in the application. Hence, these libraries assist in quickening the process of application development. Popular Courses & Articles on Software Engineering Popular Programs Executive PG Program in Software Development - IIIT B Blockchain Certificate Program - PURDUE Cybersecurity Certificate Program - PURDUE MSC in Computer Science - IIIT B Other Popular Articles Cloud Engineer Salary in the US AWS Solution Architect Salary in US Backend Developer Salary in the US Front End Developer Salary in US Web developer Salary in USA Scrum Master Interview Questions How to Start a Career in Cyber Security Career Options in the US for Engineering Students .wpdt-fs-000020 { font-size: 20px !important;} 3. JSON file: While creating any NodeJS project, developers first have to create the JSON file. Essentially, it is the manifest file in NodeJS projects. You can easily find it through the name ‘package.json’ in whichever application you develop. Moreover, it comprises the project metadata. It also administers and stores the information of packages and dependencies besides the script implemented in the project.  4. Node.js Fundamentals and File System: The most important part of the NodeJS beginner guide is learning NodeJS fundamentals. From this step onwards, you become familiar with scripting in NodeJS. Its explanation begins with programming and printing “Hello World!” Subsequently, you will learn fundamental aspects like data types, variables, functions, operators, etc., in JavaScript. Before you build the application with NodeJS, ascertain that you know all the concepts of JavaScript. After you learn the fundamentals, the next step is to learn how to read and write the data in a file rather than the console. NodeJS uses the fs module to access the physical file system from any directory. upGrad’s Exclusive Software Development Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4   5. HTTP modules: They are the building blocks in the NodeJS environment. They are extensively used for developing networking applications on the server-side. Using the HTTP module, you can easily build REST API in NodeJS. Hence, you should learn HTTP modules. 6. Frameworks: NodeJS presents plenty of frameworks that develop the application with enriched functionalities. Usually, it is a lengthy process to write code to build different features in an application. The use of the NodeJS framework helps you quickly build any required feature. List of some famous NodeJS frameworks: Express.js Meteor.js NestJs AdonisJs Sails LoopbackJS KoaJS 7. Databases: Along with knowing how to develop a NodeJS application, it is essential to learn to store information. Based on your requirement or type of application, you can select any database and subsequently configure it using NodeJS. List of the certain databases for NodeJS: Relational SQL Server PostgreSQL MariaDB MySQL 2. Search Engines ElasticSearch Solr Sphinx 3. Cloud Databases CosmoDB DynamoDB 4. NoSQL MongoDB Redis Cassandra CouchDB 8. Testing: No application should be released in the market before appropriate testing. When going through the NodeJS guide, you must possess the knowledge of testing libraries or frameworks for the NodeJS applications. Here is the list of testing and libraries for the NodeJS application: Unit, Behavior, Integration Testing Jest Jasmine Enzyme Mocha Chai 2. E2E Testing Puppeteer Selenium Learning Resources: Make sure to go through the official documentation of NodeJS and learn different concepts of NodeJS.  Other recommended learning resources can be online courses and online video tutorials. When can you use NodeJS? NodeJS is recommended for use in streaming applications or event-based real-time applications. Streaming servers: NodeJS offers tools for connecting to a service and then sending & receiving data. Game servers: To develop quick and efficient servers that process tons of requests at once, the knowledge of NodeJS is recommended. Suitable for the collaborative environment: Multiple people can post their documents and log some activity in a document management environment. NodeJS is suitable for a collaborative environment since the event loop can be activated whenever there are changes in documents. Advertisement servers: NodeJS is a suitable framework when receiving multiple handling requests to access advertisements from a central server. Chat applications: NodeJS is developed in Javascript. So, it is a highly suitable option for building client-side applications that use the identical Javascript framework. Embark Your Nodejs Journey With UpGrad: Node.js is one of the most demanding skills in your journey to becoming a web developer. If you aim to become a full-stack developer, then upGrad’s Full-Stack Development Certificate Program offered by IIIT Bangalore can be an excellent choice! The online course extends in-depth knowledge of industry-relevant topics to prepare learners for tech dynamic and competitive web development industry. Enroll now to get your certificate and kickstart your developer journey today! Salary of Nodejs Developers: According to Glassdoor, the average base salary of Nodejs Developers is INR ₹4,73,487 per year in India. According to Payscale, the average base salary of Nodejs Developers is $ $94,777 per year in the United States. Factors on which salary of Nodejs Developers depend in India Salary based on the Employer Salary based on the Job title Salary based on Experience Salary based on Job location Salary of Nodejs developers based on the Employers in India: Job title Average Salary (per annum) Tata Consultancy Services INR 4,05,868 Westinghouse Nuclear   INR 18,97,578 Infosys INR 4,00,000 to INR 12,00,000 Source: Glassdoor  Salary of Nodejs developers based on the Job title in India: Job title Average Salary (per annum) Software developer   INR 470,266 Software engineer   INR 619,043 Full-stack software developer   INR 604,940 Web developer INR 357,032 Sr. Software engineer/developer/ programmer   INR 1,068,581 Senior software engineer   INR 1,173,128   Source: Payscale  iii. Salary of Nodejs developers based on experience in India: Experience performs a prime role in determining the salary of ReactJS developers. As you ascend the ladder of knowledge in the ReactJs career, the offered pay becomes better. So, the more you learn, the better you earn. Experience Average Salary (per annum) <2 years   INR 2,36,400 2-5 years   INR 2,90,400 5-10 years   INR 4,10,400 10-15 years   INR 4,80,000 Salary of Nodejs developers based on location in India: Job location Average Salary (per annum) Mumbai INR 4,53,600 Bangalore INR 4,52,400 Delhi INR  4,46,400 Hyderabad INR 4,45,200 Kolkata INR 4,40,400 Chennai INR 4,38,000 Pune INR 4,36,800
Read More

by Pavan Vadapalli

30 Nov 2022

Explore Free Courses

Schedule 1:1 free counsellingTalk to Career Expert
footer sticky close icon