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6 Interesting Cloud Computing Project Ideas & Topics For Beginners [2024]
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The ever evolving milieu of technology makes it incumbent upon all of us to upgrade ourselves to respond to the changing needs of the changing times. In fact, these changes are aligned to make our lives easier, to embed increased automation in our gadgets so that we are able to fulfill our daily life processes with minimal effort and greater ease. As a consequence, almost every enterprise is co-opting cloud and edge technologies within their business plans and upgrading their customer-end services. It then comes as no surprise that budding developers are increasingly required to hone up their knowledge, and work on diverse cloud computing projects ideas and skills of cloud computing technology in order to secure well paying jobs.  Parallelly, academic curricula are predominantly aligning themselves to suit a more cloud computing application oriented approach to pedagogy. In fact, a robust command over cloud technology is not merely limited to recruitment or classroom assignments but it encompasses a large share of the career trajectory of most developers in the contemporary context. Going by the projected trends, the demand for cloud technology will only be on the rise. Cloud computing salary is proof of that. Participating in the trend and working effectively on diverse cloud computing projects ideas is your only way to bag significant experience and a chance to maintain visibility in the highly competitive market.  Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition. Explore Our Software Development Free Courses Fundamentals of Cloud Computing JavaScript Basics from the scratch Data Structures and Algorithms Blockchain Technology React for Beginners Core Java Basics Java Node.js for Beginners Advanced JavaScript From building more automation to enhancing portability to business operations, trysts with cloud computing tech is a lifelong affair for most developers. This is where the incessant need to grapple with novel cloud computing projects can become a cause of worry. Whether it be scoring the perfect marks in an exam or impressing the boss to bag that highly coveted bonus, ideating on cloud computing project ideas can go a long way in boosting your profile.  Featured Program for you: Fullstack Development Bootcamp Course With the wider prevalence of remote working and more expansive usage of artificial intelligence, the usage of cloud computing projects is certainly going to be more widespread in the days to come. Extended applicability using cloud computing based projects also entails greater engagement with newer ideas and one often finds developers scrambling for new inspirations for cloud computing projects.coll Learn Online Software Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. Here we have compiled a list of innovative cloud computing project ideas, which, if developed, can enable a lasting impact on the field of business technology as well as transform consumer behaviour to a large extent.  Featured Program for you: Advanced Certification in Cloud Computing What are the key considerations to bear in mind while developing cloud computing projects? The most salient attribute of cloud services is that it allows the user greater quantum of automation and enormous volumes of storage without any on-ground limitations. This definitely has the potential to transform the entire business technology landscape but calls for widespread adaptation. However, it is not easy to adapt to cloud services without bearing in mind some of the very vital considerations. Cost– Given that cloud computing projects accentuate access to a wide range of data from different remote sources, the cost of engagement is fairly high. Most cloud service providers charge businesses to access data from one of the other globally distributed storage. Then there are additional investments involved in transferring data and deployment within the purview of the particular business. True, data intensive applications can boost the profitability and functionality of businesses but accessing such data involves a huge cost. So before co-opting these data heavy applications within their scheme of business, enterprises must do a cost benefit analysis to ensure the cost of engaging these cloud computing projects doesn’t end up being a bad investment.  Application Mobility- With the prevalence of cloud computing projects, businesses are trying to detract the dependencies on private clouds and facilitate increased application mobility by aligning the computing process more towards the edge. Cloud computing will still remain the predominant data processing source but businesses are building flexibility to shift between public and private clouds for application localisations.  Future Applicability- With the technological advancements, we have not only been able to redefine our present times but also have ventured into cutting edge tech that is likely to pave the way for future innovations. In this context, future scope of artificial intelligence (AI) is an important attribute which most cloud computing ideas will revolve around. Businesses no longer require simply customer oriented AI but are keen on looking into comprehensive AI strategies that are scalable and easily distributed. To cater to this demand, more hybrid and on-premise hybrid cloud computing project ideas are crucial for future market trends.  Increased bandwidth to suit augmented reality cloud services- As breakneck speed and enhanced bandwidth permeates the business technology environment, demand for cloud connected virtual or augmented reality is also likely to increase. So cloud computing project ideas that revolve around augmented and virtual reality solutions will be highly in demand. Secure solutions- Access to cloud computed data has become drastically widespread in the last decade. Simultaneously concerns over the secure access to such cloud-based data have also risen. Developers toying with cloud computing projects should also levy some attention to the security issues and flag out any scope of misappropriation of data. Secure cloud transactions is one key consideration for anyone looking to work on cloud computing projects.  Read: Cloud Computing Ultimate Tutorial How to develop a popular cloud computing project? Now that we know what are the vital aspects to be mindful of while developing any cloud computing projects, let us now focus on some of the strategies that can go a long way in making your cloud computing project ideas successful and popular. Businesses are growingly opting for cloud computing projects within their scheme of functions due to its scalability and cost effectiveness. So for developers, to leverage these two main objectives while designing their projects is the stepping stone towards ensuring that their cloud computing projects meet the expectations and have a successful run at the market. In that context, some of the best practices while developing cloud computing project ideas are discussed below.  Collaboration between devops and IT- Often, co-opting cloud technology entails a large scale overhaul of the current operations. In order to make this transition seamless, different departments of the enterprise must be in sync with each other. Instead of the application developers deploying the cloud based projects in isolation, there needs to be synergy with IT departments. This will facilitate easier integration and better training features in your cloud computing project ideas. Ideally, IT should lead the decision making process of cloud deployment and work in close association with the developers in the implementation process.  Testing is the key to determine the fate of any new innovation. Since cloud computing projects are likely to influence the operations of an enterprise extensively, testing vital elements like functionality and scalability before the deployment is a good strategy.  Dynamic and adaptable cloud computing projects are highly sought after in the current market context. In that regard, it helps to develop cloud computing project ideas which are volatile. Short-lived applications are best suited for this purpose.  Cloud technology and devops go hand in hand and accordingly, development and testing becomes almost a parallel process. Performance analysis and testing are pillars to the process of a successful deployment. Hence alongside development, quick, grid type tests should be run for all cloud computing projects.  Learn more: How To Become A Good Cloud Engineer Explore our Popular Software Engineering Courses Master of Science in Computer Science from LJMU & IIITB Caltech CTME Cybersecurity Certificate Program Full Stack Development Bootcamp PG Program in Blockchain Executive PG Program in Full Stack Development View All our Courses Below Software Engineering Courses What is the Importance of Cloud Computing Projects? Let’s check the importance of cloud computing projects for your career: – The Power of Accessibility One of the fantastic aspects of cloud computing mini project topics is the accessibility they provide. Whether you’re a student working on a school project or a professional collaborating with team members, the cloud allows you to access your work anytime, anywhere. No more worrying about forgetting your USB drive or losing important files – everything is securely stored in the cloud. Collaboration Made Easy Cloud computing project ideas encourage teamwork and collaboration. Imagine working on a group aws projects for beginners with your classmates, where everyone can contribute and edit the document simultaneously. The cloud makes real-time collaboration a breeze, fostering creativity and making teamwork more efficient. Cost-Efficiency and Scalability Cloud computing projects or cloud computing related projects can be more cost-effective compared to traditional methods. You only pay for the resources you use, and there’s no need for expensive hardware or maintenance. Plus, as your needs grow, the cloud can easily scale to accommodate them. Enhanced Security Measures In the age of technology, keeping our data safe is a top priority. Cloud computing project ideas often come with robust security measures to protect your information. Service providers invest heavily in security protocols, ensuring that your data remains confidential and secure from potential threats. Flexibility and Adaptability Cloud computing provides the flexibility to adapt to changes seamlessly. Whether you need more storage space, additional computing power, or new applications, the cloud can quickly adjust to meet your evolving project requirements. Eco-Friendly Computing By eliminating the need for physical servers and reducing energy consumption, the cloud contributes to a greener environment. So, while you’re working on your AWS devops projects, you’re also helping Mother Earth. upGrad’s Exclusive Software and Tech Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4   What are some of the interesting cloud computing project ideas that can be explored? 1. Cost-effective Data Mining Applications Data mining applications are today used in so many industries. Typically, cloud computing project ideas revolve around maximising the storage capacity of the cloud at hand so that greater quantum of data can be stored and accessed as per the business requirements. Globally distributed cloud servers typically charge the users proportionate to the amount of data transferred and the location of the users. The utility of any cloud computing projects can be vastly enhanced by opting for a nonlinear model of retrieving the data. This will consequently reduce the execution cost as well. Developers can consider deploying multiple execution of the application workflows in such a way that the data logs from a cloud storage can be made available simultaneously through nonlinear solutions. This will prove to be a lot more cost effective than a single source selection method of data retrieval. This sort of cloud computing project ideas can go a long way in widening the applicability of cloud technology and also make its benefits accessible to small and medium scale enterprises.  2. Building environmental sustainability in data centres In today’s world, environmental consciousness reigns supreme in everybody’s mind. Digitalization to a large extent marks a shift to more energy efficient modes of operation. In spite of that, deployment and distribution of cloud based data involve a huge amount of power cost. In that context, developing cloud computing projects which optimize the use of green energy while also saving the production costs, is sure to be a huge hit among numerous business enterprises. The aim to be to reduce the power consumption in the course of the server deployment process. The mainstay of this project will be based on at the deployment stage because this will initiate substituting the traditional energy with renewable energy. This process of sustainable energy integration with the data servers will not only reduce the carbon footprints to a large extent but also will result in a drop in the total cost of ownership of the cloud storage as well. The availability of green energy remains a key factor in the realization of this project making it one of the best cloud computing projects to consider in your practice.  Read more: Cloud Engineer Salary in India 3. Prompt and secure data storage and recovery systems Working on one of the most foremost concerns affecting most of us internet users has to do with the concerns over data privacy, many cloud computing project ideas now are working along strengthening the same. As increasing numbers of client facing applications lodge themselves in shared cloud storages, the chances of unauthorised access to our data also rises. The responsibility of secure usage and holistic backup of data falls upon the service providers. Hence an affordable and compliant mechanism of data auditing that enables businesses to audit the data stored in shared clouds while performing swift and hassle-free recovery will be a highly sought after cloud computing project idea. There is a lot of merit in developing this domain and there is abundant precedence to follow from the examples of Dropbox, Google Drive among others.  In-Demand Software Development Skills JavaScript Courses Core Java Courses Data Structures Courses Node.js Courses SQL Courses Full stack development Courses NFT Courses DevOps Courses Big Data Courses React.js Courses Cyber Security Courses Cloud Computing Courses Database Design Courses Python Courses Cryptocurrency Courses 4. Cloud based shipping management system Today’s commercial industry is dominated by e-commerce ventures. Be it Amazon or eBay or regular freight companies like FedEx or DHL, shipping industries across the globe have had to scale up their business by leaps and bounds in the last decade to meet the rising graph of the e-commerce sector. Consumers are increasingly opting to deliver their desired products online and have them delivered them at their doorsteps. This concurrent rise in shipping calls for increased maintenance and cyber-based management systems can ease out the operations to a great degree. Given the large scale scope of operations, physical servers for this enormous proportions of data can be dampening for the velocity as well as the quality of management. One may consider developing some cloud computing projects which will facilitate shipping management functions with upgraded features on a cloud platform. This will in turn enhance the efficiency of e-commerce sectors to a great extent as well and help in reducing operational costs.  Learn more: Cloud Computing Ultimate Guide for Beginners 5. Uninterrupted and Remote controlling of smart devices How many of us wondered if we had turned off the gas or switched off the heater after leaving our houses? It is likely that the number in affirmation is going to be pretty high. While these little mind tricks are common to us all, in today’s modern, technologised households, the dilemma has taken a novel turn. Many of us are dependent on the internet of things for our daily life processes. From smart televisions to smart refrigerators, most of our household gadgets run on an unprecedented degree of automation. But, even these smart devices require supervision, be it their battery life or their inbuilt programming. Imagine forgetting to turn your AC on or keeping the water cooler running unwittingly? Developing cloud computing projects which gives access to the owners to remotely control the smart devices so much that my telling your google home to turn off the water cooler sitting at the airport will spare you an anxiety attack as well as your building an unwanted leak can prove to be revolutionary on several counts. Within the scope of data analytics and software development, this will not only be a pioneer for technological innovations in this field, but also will be a huge hit in the consumer market for such versatile utility.  Know more: Data Scientist vs Software Developer 6. Cloud based healthcare facilities Healthcare sector is one domain which calls for consistent innovation for improved interventions in the medical needs of the people. Be it the diagnostic facilities or healthcare solutions, deploying cloud based intelligence in the research and development of relevant facilities can go a long way in saving millions of lives. Machine learning, data analytics and artificial intelligence will play a huge role in realising this potential and will entail a substantial amount of data usage and storage. Accordingly, calibrating it from a cloud platform seems to be the only scalable solution in such cloud computing projects.  These were some of the best cloud based projects for freshers. Experienced learners can also implement these cloud computing project topics for final year to gain brownie points for implementation and strengthen their resumes. While these six cloud computing based projects are good enough to help you practice your skills, we are adding two more cloud based projects to enhance your experience! 7. Maintaining A Chatbot System To put it simply, chatbots are artificially intelligent software whose main purpose is to converse with users and address their queries when they visit the website. They are specifically designed to enhance user interaction on the landing page itself. It is undoubtedly, one of the significant aspects of marketing as it helps to maintain close interaction with the users on a frequent basis.  One of the main reasons why this idea is so popular, especially among cloud-computing aspirants, is that after a particular website is linked with the chatbot, business owners can easily measure the engagement with the users, as well as scrutinize the accuracy and precision of the answers provided to the variety of visitors of that particular website. 8. Encrypted Text Transfer In this technology-driven world, encryption is one of the most vital tools to keep data private and secure from unauthorized people. Using a secured text transfer system will not only prevent your data from getting misused but can also result in faster speed simultaneously. The system can also be modified and redesigned to ensure the transfer of images as well. This can also work as one of the effective cloud computing project topics for final year.  Read our Popular Articles related to Software Development Why Learn to Code? How Learn to Code? How to Install Specific Version of NPM Package? Types of Inheritance in C++ What Should You Know? 9. Secure Text Transfer Application In this exciting cloud computing project topics for final year or cloud projects, our focus lies in ensuring the secure exchange of textual information, prioritizing privacy, confidentiality, and integrity. Drawing inspiration from secure data exchange applications in banking, we delve into the realms of data security and cloud computing. Encryption takes center stage as our go-to security technique, safeguarding the essence of information. The reliable Diffie-Hellman key exchange algorithm is our trusted companion, facilitating both private and public keys for encryption and decryption.  Elevating security, we employ a robust two-way encryption technique, extending our capability to securely share not only text but also images through the application. Opting for an SQL database, we leverage its built-in security tools and features for efficient data storage. To bring this innovative cloud computing assignment topics to life, we turn to Azure cloud servers, activating a seamless and secure process. 10. Security Monitoring with Cloud Services As cybersecurity becomes increasingly crucial, understanding how to monitor and secure your applications is essential. Utilize cloud services like AWS GuardDuty or Azure Security Center to set up security monitoring for your cloud resources. Learn about threat detection, incident response, and best practices for keeping your cloud based projects secure in the digital landscape. 11. Internet of Things (IoT) with Cloud Integration This is another amazing projects on cloud computing that brings the physical world into the digital realm by combining IoT devices with cloud computing. Start small by connecting a sensor or a Raspberry Pi to your chosen cloud platform. Monitor temperature, humidity, or any other metric and visualize the data in real time. This project not only introduces you to IoT concepts but also showcases the power of cloud-based data processing. 12. Building a Personal Website on the Cloud Imagine having your corner of the internet hosted on the cloud. This project is a fantastic way to get hands-on experience with cloud services and web development. Start by creating a simple HTML/CSS webpage and use cloud services like AWS S3 (Simple Storage Service) or Azure Storage to host your files. Explore domain registration and mapping to give your website a personalized touch. 13. Data Analysis with Cloud-based Databases: For the data enthusiasts out there, cloud-based databases offer a playground for exploring, analyzing, and visualizing information. Use services like AWS DynamoDB or Azure Cosmos DB to store and retrieve data. You can embark on a project to analyze trends, create dashboards, or even build a recommendation system. The cloud provides the scalability needed for handling large datasets effectively. Factors Affecting Cloud Computing Convenience and Accessibility One of the key advantages of Cloud Computing projects or cloud computing final year project ideas is the convenience and accessibility they bring to the table. Imagine being able to access your documents, applications, and data from anywhere with an internet connection. Cloud Computing eliminates the need for physical storage devices, making information readily available at your fingertips. Cost Efficiency Cloud Computing projects or cloud computing final year project ideas can be a game-changer for businesses and individuals alike when it comes to cost efficiency. Traditional computing requires significant upfront investments in hardware and software. With Cloud Computing, these costs are significantly reduced as users pay for services on a subscription basis, avoiding the burden of hefty initial expenses. Scalability and Flexibility Scalability is another crucial aspect of Cloud Computing projects. Whether you are an individual user or a large corporation, the cloud allows you to scale your resources up or down based on your needs. This flexibility ensures that you are only paying for the resources you use, making it a cost-effective solution for both small and large-scale cloud computing projects for students. Collaboration and Productivity Cloud Computing facilitates seamless collaboration among individuals and teams. By providing a centralized platform for file storage and sharing, teams can work on cloud based projects simultaneously, enhancing overall productivity. This collaborative nature is especially vital in today’s interconnected world, where teamwork is key to success. Security and Data Protection Concerns about data security are prevalent in the digital realm, but Cloud Computing projects address these issues head-on. Cloud service providers implement robust security measures, such as encryption and authentication protocols, to ensure the protection of sensitive data. Regular updates and maintenance also contribute to a secure computing environment. Top Cloud Computing Careers Let’s delve into some of the top and promising cloud computing careers that professionals can pursue after doing cloud computing project topics for final year or cloud computing projects for students. Cloud Solutions Architect Cloud Solutions Architects are the masterminds behind crafting comprehensive cloud strategies. These experts possess a deep understanding of both business needs and cloud technologies, allowing them to design and implement robust and scalable cloud solutions. Their role involves analyzing requirements, selecting appropriate cloud services, and ensuring the overall architecture aligns with organizational goals. With a blend of technical prowess and strategic vision, Cloud Solutions Architects are pivotal in shaping the digital future of enterprises. Cloud Security Engineer In the ever-evolving digital landscape, Cloud Security Engineers play a crucial role in fortifying organizations against cyber threats. These professionals specialize in implementing security measures to protect cloud-based systems and data. Their responsibilities encompass designing and implementing security protocols, monitoring for potential threats, and responding promptly to incidents. As cyber threats continue to escalate, the demand for skilled Cloud Security Engineers remains high, making it a promising career choice for those passionate about digital defense. Cloud Data Engineer Data is the new gold, and Cloud Data Engineers are the alchemists turning raw information into valuable insights. These professionals focus on building, maintaining, and optimizing data pipelines within cloud environments. By leveraging technologies like Apache Spark and Hadoop, Cloud Data Engineers ensure seamless data flow, allowing organizations to extract meaningful intelligence from their vast datasets. As businesses increasingly rely on data-driven decision-making, the demand for skilled Cloud Data Engineers is on the rise. Cloud DevOps Engineer In the dynamic world of software development, Cloud DevOps Engineers serve as the bridge between development and operations teams. These professionals streamline the software development lifecycle by automating processes, optimizing collaboration, and ensuring continuous integration and delivery. With expertise in tools like Docker and Kubernetes, Cloud DevOps Engineers enhance the efficiency and agility of development teams, making them invaluable assets in the modern IT landscape. Cloud AI Engineer Artificial Intelligence (AI) is transforming industries, and Cloud AI Engineers are at the forefront of this revolution. These professionals specialize in developing and implementing AI models within cloud environments. From natural language processing to machine learning algorithms, Cloud AI Engineers leverage the power of the cloud to create intelligent solutions that enhance automation, decision-making, and user experiences. As AI continues to reshape various sectors, the demand for skilled Cloud AI Engineers is witnessing a significant surge. Cloud Sales Specialist Behind every successful cloud adoption is a skilled Cloud Sales Specialist adept at navigating the complex terrain of business requirements. These professionals possess a deep understanding of cloud services and excel in communicating the benefits of cloud solutions to potential clients. Their role involves building and maintaining relationships, understanding client needs, and guiding organizations toward optimal cloud solutions. A blend of technical knowledge and effective communication skills is the key to success in this customer-facing role. Summing up Cloud computing projects are replete with potential to transform our technological landscape for the better and by extension, upgrade our everyday lives. While the scope of innovation remains expansive, the execution can prove to be a challenge. But, the beauty of cloud technology is that we have already established the foundation and through project ideas like these, all that remains is to build the stories of innovative and cutting edge technology for a better tomorrow for ourselves and everyone around us.
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by Pavan Vadapalli

05 Mar 2024

Top 6 Cloud Computing Online Courses & Certifications [For Students & Working Professionals]
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The impact of cloud computing on industry and end-users would be difficult to overstate: many aspects of everyday life have been transformed by the omnipresence of software that runs on cloud networks. As a result, the market demand for online cloud computing courses has picked up in recent years. By leveraging cloud computing, start-ups and businesses can optimize costs and increase their offerings without purchasing and managing all the hardware and software. Independent developers are empowered to launch globally-available apps and online services. Researchers can share and analyze data at scales once reserved only for highly-funded projects. And internet users can quickly access software and storage to create, share, and store digital media in quantities that extend far beyond their devices’ computing capacity. This gives a boom to better products and services without any worries about the hardware requirements. Despite the growing presence of cloud computing, its details remain obscure to many. What exactly is the cloud, how does one use it, and its benefits for businesses, developers, researchers, government, and students? The multiple courses are mostly made available by these multinational conglomerates who develop these platforms and several other teaching services. Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition. These courses provide a broad introduction to all aspects of cloud computing, including IaaS (Infrastructure as service), PaaS (Platform as Service), and SaaS (Software as service). After that comes more advanced topics such as cloud security, networking, and storage and optimization. These find implementation in several web and application development projects that earlier had to be stalled due to inadequate equipment and systems. It requires consistent hard work throughout the course to master the subject and implement the concepts to solve real-life problems. Check out upGrad’s Java Bootcamp Let’s look into some of the best online cloud computing courses. Top Cloud Computing Courses 1. Certification in Cloud Computing (upGrad) Another relevant course from upGrad for curious minds. The seven-month-long course takes off with fundamentals of the programming languages and basic tools needed throughout the entire duration. Then you move on to more cloud-related topics such as cloud infrastructure and services, virtualizations and deployment using the cloud, and end it with an in-depth study of micro-services and development and deployment of cloud-native applications. With all this learning, you get a number of side projects and case studies for your keen mind to work on, with a hands-on approach and help from a group of veterans of the industry. The course’s major part is the month-long capstone project, made to test all your skills and gauge the industry’s requirements. This is one of the best online cloud computing courses in India. Online cloud computing courses are the best option if you don’t want to leave your job and pursue it. Most modules in the course take a month or 2 to complete. With more than 400 hours of online content at your beck and call, you get comprehensive and rigorous training. What’s more? They help you with the resume using reviews and interview preparation through personalized mentoring and feedback.  Also, many resources are made available to you curated according to the company, for your interview preparation. Upon completing the course, you are sure to land that dream job, or else they refund all the money.  Completing online cloud computing courses in India can also help you advance into a leadership role in your current organization. Read: Career in Cloud Computing 2. Principles of Cloud Computing (Microsoft) If cloud computing seems quite daunting to you, this course might be a fit for you. Tailored for a beginner, this caters to all those who want to have a clear idea of the system’s basic architecture and operational core concepts. This also serves as a sound course for students who do not yet have a clear idea of the sector’s demands and helps select which cloud deployment model is best for you. Being only for beginners, this course is a mere 2 hours long but can clear out all the misconceptions. After you decide on the factors, other advanced cloud computing courses on the working of products such as Azure are a must. Covering up all the related modules can take up to 5 months with significant study and research. After all, this course is free. Check out upGrad’s Advanced Certification in Blockchain 3. Introduction to AWS Solutions(Amazon Learning) Most of the websites today make use of AWS for their daily operations and maintaining an excellent online presence, and even more, businesses, whether small or large, make use of AWS cloud solutions for their daily activities. So this introductory course is like a stepping stone for you to get started with this product. This module is only 30 minutes, and there are more courses in the form of online lectures to follow after this to get a full understanding of working and core architecture. Taught by experts who have firsthand experience in real-life problems in the system, you learn the little tricks that make it easier. This course is perfect for aspiring software developers and cloud architecture designers and is one of the best cloud computing courses to start your dive into this realm. upGrad’s Exclusive Software Development Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4   Also Read: Short Term Job Oriented Courses 4. Learning Cloud Computing- Core Concepts(LinkedIn Learning) This is one of the best online cloud computing courses for beginners. The course introduces you to the different types of cloud services, including Saas, PaaS, and PaaS, with building up a deep understanding of the structure and functionality. You begin to identify the data and applications necessary to move to the cloud and the importance of cloud security. Along with it comes the other basic concepts of the topic. And you also get a project to get your hands dirty. Taught by well-seasoned personnel, this is one of the best online cloud computing courses that can serve as a stepping stone in the ever-changing virtual world of cloud computing. 5. Understanding Cloud Fundamentals(LinkedIn Learning): For those with a background in IT wishing to deepen their understanding of cloud computing, this is one of the best cloud computing courses and provides a strong foundation. Focusing primarily on general cloud principles, the path concludes by exploring services specific to both Azure and AWS. This is a 12-hour long course that is taught by in house experts at LinkedIn; and start with fundamentals of cloud, including core concepts and public cloud platforms, and then head over to more advanced topics of security, cloud storage, and optimization and networking. Finally, you start learning the basics of products like Microsoft’s Azure and Amazon AWS. At the end of the course, you get an official certificate from LinkedIn and also get to show it on your profile (that’s boost right there). 6. Google Cloud Training(Google certification and training) Google Cloud Platform is one of the largest players in the cloud services market. The training regimen is rigorous and aims to get you to par with leading industry experts at the global level. There are nine learning paths to choose from, giving you a lot of flexibility without forcing you to learn an entirely different topic. There are on-demand classes in the form of prerecorded video lectures as well as live scheduled classes. Experts will teach you at Google, who will lead you through hands-on labs, and you’ll be able to test your skills with quizzes and games. The program is free of cost, and you’ll leave with an e-certificate of participation for attending and have the opportunity to earn brand new Google Cloud skill badges. All you need to do is take your time and study. Conclusion With this, we have covered the leading online cloud computing certification courses and their relevance in today’s job market. The world of technology is forever evolving. New software and products spring up every day to keep up with the demands of the modern man. Cloud technology can prove to be the deciding factor, especially when it comes to being the harbinger of changes. Various online cloud computing courses are offered depends on the position of the learner and what he/she wants to get in. Most of these range from mere mobile apps to groundbreaking medical technologies and research. Cloud technologies offer various opportunities to businesses, independent developers, researchers, educators, and students. By understanding the different services, models, benefits, and risks provided by the cloud, you can take the appropriate decision about how to take advantage of its offerings the best. This has helped big organizations grow bigger and small start-ups to scale and reach other avenues previously deemed impossible. Almost every software developer or specialist has to come in contact with this technology and has to know about its capabilities. Its relevance can be felt now more than ever, and it is a skill worth learning. With hard work and commitment, you will be able to use this technology’s benefits and move up the corporate ladder and faster in your career. It’s the perfect time to become a cloud computing professional. There’s surging demand in the industry, and companies are actively looking for experts in cloud computing solutions. Learn Software Development Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career.
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by Rohan Vats

05 Mar 2024

Essentials of Virtualization in Cloud Computing: Types, Use-cases, Benefits
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In cloud computing, I encountered a technique called virtualization. Virtualization in cloud computing is defined as the abstraction of computing resources like servers, storage, and networking, which allows the creation of virtual instances that work behaviorally separate from the underlying physical hardware.   There are several types of virtualizations in cloud computing, such as server virtualization, which partitions a single physical server into many virtual servers; storage virtualization, whereby physical storage resources are pooled for the efficient management of the system; network virtualization, which abstracts the network resources for the creation of virtual networks; and desktop virtualization that allows the users to access the desktop environments remotely. These virtualization methods increase flexibility, scalability, and resource utilization in cloud environments and create a possibility to allocate and manage resources effectively.   Let’s get to know about Virtualization in detail with the help of this article.  What is Virtualization in Cloud Computing  The definition of virtualization in cloud computing is the process of creating virtual components, such as servers, storage devices, networks, and operating systems. This technology makes it possible to use physical hardware more economically by dividing it into multiple separate virtual spaces. The use of virtualization allows users to manage and access the resources from any place and scale them when required without the need for physical infrastructure. This flexibility enables resource optimization, improves hardware usage, and decreases operational costs, making virtualization a foundation of cloud computing architectures, which increases agility, scalability, and cost-effectiveness in IT infrastructure management.  Types of Virtualizations  Virtualization technology is essentially the ground of modern computing, which makes efficient asset utilization affordable and flexible in many areas. This part will explore the types of virtualizations, each giving a specific purpose and providing users with various benefits.  Server Virtualization:  A single physical server can be divided into several virtual servers via server virtualization, each of which can run a different operating system and collection of applications. Consequently, this kind of virtualization is referred to as hardware virtualization and provides increased resource efficiency and scalability. These virtual machines are managed by hypervisor software, such as VMware vSphere, Microsoft Hyper-V, or KVM, which dynamically distributes resources and maximizes performance. Server virtualization benefits hardware costs, simplifies management, and improves virtual machine disaster recovery by enabling the migration of virtual machines between physical servers. This is one of the major types of virtualization in cloud computing which used majorly.  Network Virtualization:  Network Virtualization separates network resources from the underlying hardware, making it possible to build virtual networks that work on top of existing (physical) network topologies. This kind of virtualization caters to the segmentation of network service into virtual entities such as switches, routers, firewalls, and load balancers. Technologies like Virtual LANs (VLANs), Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), and Software-Defined Networking (SDN) achieve the virtualization of networks through hardware independence and distributing policies and functions. Network virtualization improves network agility, allows multi-tenancy, and reduces management complexities by centralizing control and automation.  Storage Virtualization:  Virtualization hides the physical storage assets such as hard disks, SSDs, and storage arrays to form a single storage pool that can be logically managed dynamically. Virtualizing storage, administrators can get storage resources any time they need and not be limited by the number of storage device resources. Virtualization storage techniques involve networking technologies such as SANs, NAS, and software-defined storage, and these include thin provisioning, snapshots, replication, and data deduplication. Through storage virtualization, storage is made more efficient, such data protection is improved, and storage management is made simpler, leading to lower costs and increased flexibility in storage deployments.  Desktop Virtualization:  Desktop virtualization allows users to access their desktops and applications from any device using a range of client devices, including Desktop and thin clients. Virtual desktops are independent of each other and do not affect the security of other platforms or the customization process. Technologies such as VMware Horizon, Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops, and Microsoft Remote Desktop Services (RDS) are the main technologies for desktop virtualization in the way that they manage user sessions, deliver applications, and optimize performance. Desktop virtualization works toward the goal of simplifying desktop management, enhancing security, and improving upon scalability by centralizing the deployment of desktops and lowering the dependence on hardware.  How does Virtualization help in Cloud Computing?  I feel that virtualization acts as a vital component of cloud computing, where it forms the basis for the entire architecture and operations. At the heart of virtualization, VMs are created as the virtual instances of computing resources, like servers, storage, and networks, which help the efficient utilization and management of hardware resources. Virtualization, which consists of abstracting from the underlying hardware, provides for dynamic allocation of resources based on demand, thereby improving resource utilization and creating a scalable cloud environment.  Moreover, virtualization facilitates agility and flexibility in cloud computing infrastructure through decoupling software from hardware constraints. Through this disconnection, the virtualized workloads are able to move smoothly from one physical server to another or a data center, which makes it possible to balance the load, disaster recovery, and resource optimization. Furthermore, the use of virtualization brings about the creation of safe and separated environments, enabling rich multi-tenancy support in cloud deployments. In general, virtualization is the heart-beat technology of cloud computing, and I am very sure that it gives platforms the ability to be scalable, agile, and cost-efficient in delivering services and applications to end-users.  Characteristics of Virtualization  Virtualization is referred to as a technology that allows the creation of a software abstraction of resources, including computing power, storage, and network within a single physical infrastructure. Its other major characteristic pertains to abstraction, which is that it divorces the logical view of the resources from their physical implementation. Thanks to this abstraction, it is possible to achieve higher flexibility and efficiency in resource allocation since virtualized resources can be assigned when needed and properly scaled accordingly. Moreover, this technology allows machine consolidation by making it possible to have several virtual machines running on one physical machine, which further contributes to improved resource utilization and reduction in costs.  Isolation, which is the other key feature, allows each virtual machine to operate independently from each other and ensures the safety of applications or prevents them from interfering with each other. In addition to providing flexibility and scalability, this approach improves reliability and availability because failures in one virtual instance cannot affect the rest due to isolation. Additionally, virtualization is useful for encapsulation, where entire software environments, including applications and their dependencies, can be implemented into virtual containers to enable easy deployment and management. This functionality makes it easier to distribute software and gives us better control over performance, which ensures the same results everywhere. In general, virtualization has various advantages, ranging from resource efficiency to scalability, security, and management ease, which form the basis of today’s innovations in computing infrastructure.  Advantages and Disadvantages of Virtualization in Cloud Computing  A salient feature of virtualization is the abstraction that separates the logical view of data from its physical implementation. This abstraction enables increased flexibility and efficiency in the allocation of resources since virtualized resources are reallocated and scaled dynamically based on demand. In addition, virtualization also enhances consolidation by providing an environment where multiple virtual instances can run on a single physical machine, resulting in efficient usage of resources and cost savings, which is one of the advantages of virtualization in cloud computing.   Virtualization also has an isolation aspect, which provides independence of the virtual instances, making them secure and preventing them from interfering with each other. This isolation also results in reliability and availability since failures in one virtual machine do not affect other environments. Additionally, virtualization encompasses encapsulation, where the software ecosystems (applications and their dependencies) are packaged into virtual containers for quick deployment and management. This is the nature that simplifies software distribution and ensures the same output in different environments. In my opinion, virtualization provides numerous advantages, including resource efficiency, scalability, security, and manageability features, all of which are integrative parts of modern IT infrastructure.  Use Cases & Applications of Virtualization in cloud computing  Virtualization is the main component in cloud computing, which consists of various use cases and applications that help raise the level of efficiency, scalability, and cost-efficiency. The need for virtualization in cloud computing has multiple applications, and resource optimization is one of its best benefits of bird providers using virtualization technology, virtually recreating the physical hardware and running several instances of the operating system as guest VMs to fully utilize the available resources. By using techniques like server consolidation, where multiple VMs are running on a single physical server, resources are utilized in a more effective manner, which reduces hardware and energy consumption expenditures. Furthermore, virtualization ensures dynamic resource allocation, as the cloud platforms have access to the ability to reinvest the computing resources depending on the volatility in demand. This flexibility prevents drastic changes in resource consumption for peak periods as well as scaling down the resources for an inactivity period, which results in cost-effective business operations. A Master of Science in Computer Science from LJMU course would be a good starter for beginners.   The isolation and security of workloads are also critical uses of virtualization in cloud computing. Virtualization enables a resilient means of isolating the workloads within one another such that if one of them is compromised, it does not affect the others that are running on the same physical box. Virtually virtualization tends to provide the groundwork for creating a cloud and isolated environment, which developers can use for the test applications without worrying about the integrity of the production environments. Another way in which virtualization is beneficial is that it makes it possible to use disaster recovery and backup mechanisms through the storage of VM snapshots that can be retrieved easily in case of hardware failure or data corruption, which are benefits of virtualization in cloud computing . This creates a backup environment, so any failure or interruption will not cause a total outage and help maintain reliability and stability in cloud environments. Ultimately, virtualization in cloud computing provides a full spectrum of advantages, starting from resource optimization and scalability to enhanced security and disaster recovery capabilities, and this way, it becomes a key feature of modern cloud architectures.  Challenges and Future Trends of Virtualization  The IT landscape has been completely transformed by virtualization, which provides improved flexibility, cost-effectiveness, and resource utilization. It does, however, present several difficulties and potential trends. Security is one major obstacle. Virtualization introduces new attack surfaces, such as hypervisor vulnerabilities, which can compromise the entire infrastructure. Addressing this requires robust security measures, including regular patching, network segmentation, and encryption. Another challenge is performance optimization. As virtualized environments become more complex, efficiently allocating resources and managing workloads becomes increasingly intricate. Future trends in virtualization include the rise of containerization, offering lightweight, portable alternatives to traditional virtual machines. Containerization streamlines deployment and scaling, promoting microservices architecture and DevOps practices. It would be good to have Software Development Online Certification to upgrade skills in virtualization.   In addition, edge computing is IVP at the network intercepts and provides low-latency processing for IoT devices and real-time applications. In addition, the fast evolution in hardware layers is comprised of hardware-assisted virtualization and GPUs, further improving virtualization performance and broadening its scope to handle graphics-intense applications like AI and gaming. Moreover, the convergence of virtualization with newly emerged innovations such as blockchain and edge AI provides the prospects of implementing enhanced security, decentralization, and scalability. At the end of the day, handling these issues and implementing these trends will determine the face of virtualization in the future, allowing organizations to obtain the benefits of virtualization and stay away from risks while being competitive in the changing digital landscape. In addition, the Full Stack Development Course by IIITB gives a comprehensive overview of the overall IT landscape on development.  Conclusion  In my opinion, the meaning of virtualization in cloud computing consists of various use cases and applications that help to raise the level of efficiency, scalability, and cost-efficiency. Though virtualization in the cloud has multiple applications, resource optimization is one of its best-known applications. Cloud providers use virtualization technology, virtually recreating the physical hardware and running several instances of the operating system as guest VMs to fully utilize the available resources. By using techniques like server consolidation, where multiple VMs are running on a single physical server, resources are utilized in a more effective manner, which reduces hardware and energy consumption expenditures. Furthermore, virtualization ensures dynamic resource allocation, as the cloud platforms have access to the ability to reinvest the computing resources depending on the volatility in demand. This flexibility prevents drastic changes in resource consumption for peak periods and scaling down resources for an inactivity period, resulting in cost-effective business operations. 
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by venkatesh Rajanala

29 Feb 2024

22 Most Common Cloud Computing Interview Questions & Answers: For Beginners & Experienced in 2023
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Cloud Computing Interview Questions and Answers In today’s world, communications have evolved by leaps and bounds so much so that we can speak to one another, sitting in different corners of the world within a matter of few seconds. The wealth of information is no longer limited to voluminous books and libraries. Irrespective of the topic or theme of concern, detailed information is available at your fingertips. The World Wide Web paved the path for such access to information. However, in contemporary times, even more, is few. So a static web server might give you access to certain information, but that may not suffice always. The advent of cloud computing has extensively resolved this limitation. Cloud computing has enabled users to access a wide range of servers. Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition. Explore Our Software Development Free Courses Fundamentals of Cloud Computing JavaScript Basics from the scratch Data Structures and Algorithms Blockchain Technology React for Beginners Core Java Basics Java Node.js for Beginners Advanced JavaScript Understanding Cloud Computing? Cloud computing refers to the virtual space that helps deliver hosted sources over the Internet. This includes databases, analytics, servers, networking as well as intelligence. All this is done keeping flexibility, innovation, and cost-effectiveness in mind. This has come to be of great help for businesses, both mid-size and small. Cloud computing makes use of machine learning, data analytics, and artificial intelligence. It goes without saying that with cloud computing, there have been many revolutions in the way data and documents are handled, making it an exceptional addition to the computing world. Consequently, the applications of cloud computing have become extremely widespread and almost unavoidable. For any digital and software oriented career, interview questions on cloud computing have become a frequent occurrence. We have discussed some of the fundamental cloud computing interview questions here.  Enroll for Advanced Certification in Cloud Computing Cloud Computing—Its History In the simplest sense of the term, the process of renting a computing resource is “cloud computing.” The idea first came about around the 1950s. The top phases that have shaped cloud computing in its current avatar are- Idea: The period lasted during the 1960s and came to be with an introduction of the concepts of utility as well as grid computing. These were relevant until pre-internet times. Pre-phase: This phase ranged between 1999 and 2006. For all applications used as a service at this time, the internet was the main mechanism for delivery. Cloud: The phase of cloud actually began in 2007 with the formalization of SaaS, IaaS, and PaaS. Since then, leading organizations in the web and computer domains have come up with amazing breakthroughs in cloud computing. Enroll for Advanced Certification in Cyber Security Interview performance helps the interviewer to decide the salary of a cloud engineer in India. So, how you perform in the interview directly affects your CTC. We have a list of basic cloud computing interview questions for freshers and experienced people to help them prepare for their big day with the right information. These basic cloud computing interview questions are not exhaustive but will familiarise you with the basic concepts of cloud technology and help you to prepare for any interview questions on cloud computing if you’re venturing into this field. Practicing cloud analyst interview questions beforehand will offer you an edge over other candidates who may or may not have prepared in depth for the position. Learn Software Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. Here are the top cloud computing interview questions and answers that will prepare you to deal with complex cloud computing questions extended by employers. These interview questions on cloud computing also work as excellent cloud computing interview questions for freshers or simply as basic cloud basic interview questions to excel in an interview. Explore our Popular Software Engineering Courses Master of Science in Computer Science from LJMU & IIITB Caltech CTME Cybersecurity Certificate Program Full Stack Development Bootcamp PG Program in Blockchain Executive PG Program in Full Stack Development View All our Courses Below Software Engineering Courses Top Cloud Computing Interview Questions Having an idea about the most popular cloud computing interview questions or cloud computing questions can help you prepare better for related interviews. 1. What are the advantages of Cloud Computing? This cloud computing question must be answered with all the examples relevant to this time. Extending an outdated answer might lead recruiters to think your knowledge is limited to books. Here’s how you can approach this cloud computing question. Cloud Computing technology helps the users avail of a more extensive network of global web servers. This directly boosts the productivity and performance of the web platform and makes development efficient in terms of cost and time. Cloud computing also increments the data storage and data backup capacities of the web servers. Due to the boosted interaction between different web servers, the server capabilities are made much more powerful.  2. Describe the different cloud service models? There are predominantly three models of cloud service. Each come with their own sets of advantages and are at variance with each other with regards to one or the other features. Before opting for one of them, let’s understand their characteristics and gauge how they fit within our individual requirements.  IaaS- Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) consists of highly automated compute resources. Businesses can avail of on-demand hardware resources through IaaS without having to make any upfront hardware purchase. IaaS is highly scalable and can assist in quickly accessing and monitoring computers, database storage, and other networking services.  PaaS-Platform as a Service (PaaS) is helpful in customizing applications that require cloud components. PaaS helps in streamlining the workflow in the situations which involve more than one developer. While developers can manage the applications, businesses get to use the network and storage.  SaaS- Software as a Service (SaaS) refers to the service model where applications are delivered to the user using cloud platforms, and the third party can then manage the applications. They are incredibly convenient to use since they do not require any additional installations.  3. What are some of the popularly used cloud computing services? Cloud computing has come to be used widely across industries. Some of the top players, in this case, are Windows Azure, Amazon Web Services, and iCloud, which is exclusively for the iOs users. These are the broadly used cloud platforms. However, there are emerging cloud services available in the market. Other popularly used cloud computing services include Google Cloud, Alibaba Cloud, IBM Cloud, and Oracle. 4. What are the main differences between public, private, and hybrid clouds? Cloud deployment models vary, and understanding their suitability for different scenarios is essential.  Public Cloud: Owned and managed by third-party providers, the public cloud allows multiple organizations to share computing resources over the Internet. It offers scalability, cost-effectiveness, and offloading infrastructure management. However, data security concerns and limited customization might be drawbacks. Private Cloud: Solely dedicated to one organization, the private cloud can be on-premises or hosted by a third party. It provides increased control, security, and customization, which is ideal for businesses with strict data privacy needs and specialized workloads. But it may involve higher initial costs and require in-house management expertise. Hybrid Cloud: Combining public and private clouds, the hybrid cloud allows seamless integration and data portability. Businesses can enjoy scalability and cost savings for non-sensitive data in the public cloud while keeping critical applications and data secure in the private cloud. Proper integration and data synchronization are crucial in this approach. 5. How does cloud security work, and what are the primary concerns? Cloud security encompasses a comprehensive array of measures and protocols to safeguard data, applications, and infrastructure within cloud environments. To achieve this, various methods are employed:  Data Encryption: Cloud service providers use encryption techniques to protect data during storage and transmission, ensuring that unauthorized access cannot compromise sensitive information.  Access Controls: Cloud platforms implement robust access control mechanisms to manage user permissions effectively, preventing unauthorized entry to critical resources.  Identity and Access Management (IAM): IAM solutions manage user identities, authentication, and authorization, allowing only authorized users to access specific resources.  Firewalls: Cloud providers utilize firewalls to monitor and control network traffic, creating a protective barrier against unauthorized access and potential threats.  Major concerns in cloud security include  Data Breaches: Unauthorized access to sensitive data is a significant concern, emphasizing the need for robust security measures to prevent data breaches and safeguard confidential information.  Insider Threats: Individuals with legitimate access to cloud resources, such as employees, can unintentionally or maliciously jeopardize data and systems. Insecure APIs: Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) can be entry points for attackers. Ensuring robust API security is crucial to prevent vulnerabilities.  Data Loss: Data loss may occur due to accidental deletion or hardware failure, making robust data backup and recovery mechanisms essential.  Compliance and Regulatory Issues: Cloud providers must adhere to data protection and privacy regulations like GDPR, HIPAA, or PCI DSS, as non-compliance can lead to severe legal and financial consequences.  Shared Tenancy: In multi-tenant cloud environments, multiple users share resources, necessitating sufficient isolation and security measures to prevent data leakage and unauthorized access.  Misconfigurations: Improperly configured cloud resources can expose sensitive data or create entry points for attackers. Regular monitoring and adherence to best practices are crucial to prevent misconfigurations. By addressing these concerns with diligence, cloud security can be bolstered and data integrity maintained. In-Demand Software Development Skills JavaScript Courses Core Java Courses Data Structures Courses Node.js Courses SQL Courses Full stack development Courses NFT Courses DevOps Courses Big Data Courses React.js Courses Cyber Security Courses Cloud Computing Courses Database Design Courses Python Courses Cryptocurrency Courses upGrad’s Exclusive Software and Tech Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4   6. Define Hybrid Cloud Hybrid cloud integrates private and public cloud services to support parallel, integrated, or complementary tasks. Rather than restricting organisations to uniform in-house data centres or outsourcing completely, the hybrid model effectively supports allocating processing across environments dynamically. Certain sensitive, business-critical systems warrant running in private clouds or on-premises servers under strict control access policies meeting security regulations. Public options handle use cases around scalable web hosting, storage, or machine learning, giving vast self-service capacities despite looser tenancy. A hybrid cloud retains governance where compulsory while leveraging abundant elastic resources externally wherever efficiency gains arise. Strategic workload placement minimizes costs when public cloud economics make sense while keeping custom legacy systems internally avoids risk. 7. What is the difference between the Hybrid Cloud and Hybrid IT? The hybrid cloud term is supposed to be integrating public and private clouds. Hybrid IT is what results when hybrid cloud efforts in organizations become more of advanced virtualization and automation environments with various features. And there haven’t been a lot of success stories of organizations being able to really build and maintain real hybrid clouds. They’ve done some things with OpenStack, but, for the most part, private cloud-inspired environments powered by VMware dominate. Therefore, a substitute term — hybrid IT — actually better describes the bulk of hybrid scenarios. This does not, however, change the need for clarity in terminology. The hybrid cloud must involve some combination of cloud styles (private, public, community), but physical location is not a definitive aspect of the style. The bottom line is that most users of the hybrid cloud term have really meant hybrid IT thus far. 8. What is The Packaging of Hybrid Cloud? What are the two main types of packaged hybrid cloud?  Packaged hybrid means you have a vendor-provided private cloud offering that is packaged and connected to a public cloud in a tethered way. Azure Stack from Microsoft is an excellent example of this packaging, but there is another approach as well. We call these two main approaches “like-for-like” hybrid and “layered technology” hybrid (spanning different technology bases). Azure and Azure Stack typify the like-for-like hybrid approach. Azure Stack is not exactly the same as Azure in the public cloud, but they try to approximate it. AWS Outposts, as announced, can be used in a private cloud model (where no other companies have access). If so, it represents an example of the like-for-like approach. However, the broader strategy represented by AWS Outposts would encourage a more distributed model where each Outpost is opened to near neighbours. Oracle Cloud at Customer (one of the original attempts at this) is also another example of this approach, but it is evolving toward a new style of cloud computing we call distributed cloud (see the Distributed Cloud section). Like-for-like solutions provide the “full-stack” but not necessarily the hardware, all managed by a single vendor. The layered hybrid approach is based on integration across different underlying technology — a portability layer of sorts. This is where Google and IBM have focused. Google, with its recently announced Anthos (formerly its cloud services platform) and IBM with its cloud private as well as the direction it is headed in with the pending acquisition of Red Hat and Openshift, which also fits into this model. There are many challenges regarding this approach’s ability to fulfill on the vision of distributed cloud 9. What is a Distributed Cloud? The distributed cloud may be defined as the distribution of public cloud services to different physical locations. They are specifically used to meet various kinds of compliance needs and performance requirements.  In contrast, operation, governance, updates, and the evolution of the services are the responsibility of the originating public cloud provider. Distributed cloud computing is a style of cloud computing where the location of the cloud services is a critical component of the model. Historically, the location has not been relevant to cloud computing definitions, although issues related to it are essential in many situations. While many people claim that a private cloud or hybrid cloud requires on-premises computing, this is a misconception. A private cloud can be done in a hosted data center or, more often, in virtual individual cloud instances, which are not on-premises. Likewise, the hybrid cloud does not require that the individual components of the hybrid are in any specific location. However, with the advent of distributed cloud, location formally enters the definition of a style of cloud services. Distributed cloud supports the tethered and untethered operation of like-for-like cloud services from the public cloud “distributed” out to specific and varied physical locations. This enables an essential characteristic of distributed cloud operation — low-latency compute where the to compute operations for the cloud services are closer to those who need the capabilities. This can result in major upgrades in performance and reduce the risk of global network-related outages.  Furthermore, distributed clouds also provide us with guaranteed quality of service (QoS), especially for mission-critical applications and mobile users.  Read: How to become a good cloud engineer? 10. Define what MultiCloud is? Multicloud computing may be defined as the deliberate use of the same type of cloud services from multiple public cloud providers. This term has been challenging because, while there are three main use cases, there are other uses of the term in common use as well. And one of them is the use of multiple cloud providers for different purposes. A prevalent situation is for an organization to use AWS for infrastructure and Office 365 for the cloud office. This is very clearly two various providers, but also clearly for two very different purposes. This is not a deliberate use of the two in any coordinated way, so that’s not really indicative of the primary intent of multi-cloud. There are also other multi cloud-oriented situations, such as relying on application providers to support multiple platforms underneath. But multi-cloud is really a deliberate strategy to deal with and leverage the potential benefits (for example portability and vendor independence) of multiple cloud providers for, in most cases, the same or similar types of scenarios or things Answering such cloud computing basics interview questions in-depth will enable recruiters to know your basics are polished, and you can easily take up the role knowing its foundation.  11. What is a multi-cloud strategy? The way most organizations adopt the cloud is that they typically start with one provider. They then continue down that path and eventually begin to get a little concerned about being too dependent on one vendor. So they will start entertaining the use of another provider or at least allowing people to use another provider. They may even use a functionality-based approach. For example, they may use Amazon as their primary cloud infrastructure provider, but they may decide to use Google for analytics, machine learning, and big data. So this type of multi-cloud strategy is driven by sourcing or procurement (and perhaps on specific capabilities), but it doesn’t focus on anything in terms of technology and architecture. Two of the major factors that drive the deployment of a multi-cloud strategy are redundancy and vendor lock-in concerns. Apart from these, other factors might also include the need for more price-competitive cloud services, speed, capacity, or the various other advantageous features that accompanies a particular cloud provider of a particular location.  The next step, as they mature, is toward what we call multi-cloud management or governance. This step comes after you have multiple providers, and you need to have some semblance of control over the resultant environment. It can be simple, a single pane of glass for monitoring and then progressing from there. There may also be a multi-cloud architecture where you actually have a desire to make the workloads portable, either as a possibility or in actuality. This leads to a focus on portability, similar in concept to Java. You could even go into very advanced environments like cloud bursting or dynamic figuring, which is the dynamic allocation of where you’re going to run workloads based on availability or spot pricing. Those things are pretty rare today. But with more and more advanced cloud use cases, these scenarios are becoming more real. In fact, with the advent of these new packaged hybrid types of environments, we may see more of that because it’ll be easier to do. There are instances when multi-cloud is not so much a strategy as it is a situation that must be dealt with. The result of a merger or acquisition can lead an organization this way, as can other situations best described as evolutionary. Much of what is described here is applicable, but it should be noted that there are exceptions 12. What is Cloud-Native Cloud native is a frequently discussed topic in the cloud computing basic interview questions. Let’s find out its basic definition to get started.  Cloud-native definition: Something is cloud-native if it is created to leverage cloud characteristics. Those cloud characteristics are part of the original definition of cloud computing. It’s all about capabilities delivered as a service that is scalable and elastic, metered by use, service-based, ubiquitous by means of internet technologies, and shared. Sometimes people will trade off one or more of these. For example, sharing can be problematic for some, and they may accept less elasticity as a result of not enabling sharing. 13. What is meant by Edge Computing, and how is it related to the cloud? Unlike cloud computing, edge computing is all about the physical location and issues related to latency. Cloud and edge are complementary concepts combining the strengths of a centralized system with the advantages of distributed operations at the physical location where things and people connect. Edge is very common in IoT scenarios and is very different from the cloud. Cloud has never been about location. In fact, it has always been about the independence of location. That’s why private, public hybrid and all these other terms exist There are many edge scenarios, but one of the more popular ones is where you have cloud and edge together, and the cloud provider (like Amazon with Greengrass) controls, runs and defines the architecture for what is out at the edge. Edge and cloud are complementary and both part of a broader concept — distributed cloud. While there has been some confusion around these terms, greater understanding is happening and the majority of those pursuing edge computing strategies are now viewing edge as part of their overall cloud strategy. 14. State some of the key features of Cloud Computing. This is one of the most popularly asked basic cloud computing interview questions for freshers, which exhibits your basic knowledge and promising skills in the cloud analyst interview questions. The following list contains some of the top features of cloud computing that you can extend in the interview to answer this question. Quality Of Service– Cloud computing provides its users with the best quality of service experience. Any compromise or irregularity in the said services can cause potential damage to the popularity of the company, and might result in loss of customers.  Flexibility–  In this dynamic competitive environment, scalability is one of the crucial elements for any company. However, scalability does not require companies to restart their servers since it can be done at any stage. Hosting in Cloud is one of the key features of cloud computing that enables its users to enjoy additional flexibility. Furthermore, cloud computing also provides flexibility in payment options, so companies no longer need to spend extra money on needless resources.  Easy Maintenance– Cloud Computing resources are regularly updated with various features that help to improve their capabilities. The servers can be maintained quite effortlessly, which means the downtime is very low, often equivalent to zero.  Read our Popular Articles related to Software Development Why Learn to Code? How Learn to Code? How to Install Specific Version of NPM Package? Types of Inheritance in C++ What Should You Know? 15. How is data loss prevented in cloud computing? Cloud service providers implement various measures to prevent data loss and ensure the reliability of cloud data storage. A key technique is redundancy, where data is replicated across multiple physical drives and servers. Even if some hardware fails, data continues being available from replica copies. Providers also utilise error-checking mechanisms like parity bits and checksums to prevent and detect data corruption. Data is encrypted both at rest and in transit using industry-standard protocols, protecting it even if drives end up in the wrong hands. Backups are done periodically to secondary facilities, so data persists through regional outages or disasters.  Versioning tracks changes over time, allowing recovery of older versions of accidentally deleted or changed files. Through meticulous access control and identity management, providers minimise opportunities for data leakage, loss through human error or malicious actions. With disciplined data governance and advanced resilience mechanisms, cloud platforms provide enterprise-grade assurance against data loss while harnessing economies of scale. 16. What is the future of cloud computing? Cloud computing is poised to continue disrupting industries in the years ahead. As connectivity and infrastructure improves globally, more enterprises are expected to migrate their data and workloads to the cloud, seeking agility, collaboration capabilities and economies of scale. Serverless computing could really take off, allowing organisations to focus innovation without managing infrastructure. Multi-cloud and hybrid cloud deployments will dominate as businesses avoid vendor lock-in and leverage diverse strengths of cloud platforms.  Emerging technologies like artificial intelligence, blockchain and quantum computing will likely integrate closely with cloud services for powerful combined capabilities. Security and data sovereignty will remain key considerations though. Further evolution of cloud interoperability standards will help data transfer across platforms. With 5G, proliferating edge devices and advances in virtualization, we can expect a deeper proliferation of cloud across sectors going forward. The future seems promising for cloud to become the foundational architecture powering innovation. 17. How do you monitor and manage cloud applications? Managing cloud apps can be tricky with so many moving parts, but the major cloud providers like AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud give us some handy built-in tools to keep tabs on things. Their dashboards let you see at a glance how your compute, storage, and bandwidth are holding up. And services like CloudWatch aggregate all those error logs and transactions so you can pinpoint problems. Tracing requests end-to-end is super helpful for finding bottlenecks in complex multi-tier apps. Cloud platforms also make it easy to set up auto-scaling policies, so your apps can scale up or down automatically based on demand. That’s huge for efficiency and cost control. And Kubernetes has been a game changer for wrangling containerised apps – it handles scaling, failovers, and more under the hood so you don’t have to. Also, great third-party monitoring tools give you extra visibility into app performance. The key is getting visibility at the infrastructure and app layers. And you’ll want robust access controls, backup systems, and patching for governance and compliance. 18. What are the environmental impacts of cloud computing? Here are the main environmental impacts of cloud computing in bullet point form: Energy usage – Massive data centers consume large amounts of electricity. Estimates range from 2% to 5% of global energy usage. Renewable energy – Cloud providers increasingly use renewable energy sources like wind and solar, signing long-term contracts. But there is room for improvement. Hardware production – Servers must be replaced every few years, producing large amounts of e-waste. Proper recycling of older hardware is essential. Hardware waste – Used servers and components removed during upgrades create large amounts of e-waste if not disposed of responsibly. Optimisation – Cloud users can help by right-sizing resources, optimising workloads, and avoiding over-provisioning to improve efficiency and reduce waste. Monitoring – Continued monitoring of sustainability efforts by both cloud providers and business users is important to minimise environmental footprints. Creative solutions – To reduce environmental impacts, providers and users must implement creative sustainability solutions related to energy, hardware, and usage optimisation. Efficiency benefits – When used strategically, the cloud offers huge efficiency benefits over on-prem infrastructure and computing. But environmental impacts need to be consciously addressed. 19. How does encryption work in cloud computing? Encryption is a really important part of keeping data secure in the cloud. The basic idea is it scrambles everything using complex math formulas so only authorized folks with a secret key can unscramble it back into usable data again. When your data gets encrypted, it becomes a coded form called ciphertext. You need the right decryption key or password to decrypt it back to regular plaintext. The big cloud providers like AWS and Azure encrypt data by default as it goes into the cloud and stored there. Data traveling to the cloud gets encrypted using HTTPS. Data sitting in cloud storage gets encrypted at rest on the servers. You can even encrypt stuff yourself before uploading it to have total control. That way the cloud provider only ever stores ciphertext they can’t actually read without your keys. Those encryption keys must be kept super secure since they unlock all the data. Cloud platforms provide key management tools to help with that process. 20. What is a Content Delivery Network (CDN)? A CDN, or Content Delivery Network, is a network of servers that helps deliver content fast. The servers are spread out in data centers across different geographic locations. When someone requests your website, video, app, etc., the CDN routes the request to the server closest to that person. This makes the content load super quick since it doesn’t have to travel as far. CDNs also cache, or store, content temporarily on their servers. So if someone else nearby requests the same content shortly after, the CDN serves it directly from the cached copy. That avoids having to fetch it again from the original source server. Big cloud providers like AWS and Azure have their own Content Delivery Networks. Sites and apps can use these CDNs to make their content blazing fast for users worldwide. CDNs help deal with huge spikes in traffic too. They can balance loads across many servers and keep content speedy even for huge hits. 21. How do you manage resource provisioning in the cloud? Understand application resource requirements – Study usage metrics like traffic, storage, and computing needs to properly size resources. Do projections for new launches or usage spikes. Use auto-scaling tools – Cloud providers have auto-scaling capabilities that can automatically spin up resources based on triggers and rules. This dynamically provisions capacity as needed. Monitor usage in real-time – Use live dashboards and monitoring tools to track resource utilisation. Watch for over or under provisioning and adjust accordingly. Analyse usage over time – Look at usage trends, seasonal peaks, and growth to forecast capacity needs and optimise provisioning. Right-size resources – Deallocate resources that are consistently underutilised to avoid overspending. But make sure to maintain performance. Plan maintenance windows – Schedule infrastructure maintenance and shutdowns during periods of low traffic to maximise savings. Involve stakeholders – Get business teams involved to understand budget and business requirements. Plan capacity collaboratively. 22. What is the role of a cloud architect? A cloud architect is the person who designs and plans out cloud environments for companies. They’re like the blueprints expert for building in the cloud. Cloud architects start by understanding a client’s business goals and requirements for applications or infrastructure. From there, they design optimal cloud solutions to meet those needs. This involves making recommendations on the right cloud services, infrastructure design, storage, networking, and integration with existing systems. For example, advising which compute and database services to use on AWS. Architects also focus on security, scalability and efficiency in their designs. They aim to build solutions that are cost-effective and flexible for future needs. During implementation, an architect oversees translating plans into reality. They work closely with engineering teams to make sure rollout and migration goes smoothly. Cloud Computing- Top Advantages Besides understanding what the top interview questions on cloud computing, and cloud computing interview questions for freshers are, take a look at the top advantages of cloud computing. These are often a part of your cloud basics interview questions, so prepare well! Money Saving: When on Cloud, you can easily access all company data. This helps save time as well as money as you start on new projects. Cloud-computing-related services mostly follow a pay-as-you-go format to utilize the resources as per requirements. Security: A cloud’s host primarily monitors security, extending a similar way to manage, utilize and store data but making it even better and more efficient compared to traditional in-house systems. According to a RapidScale study, close to 94 percent of businesses felt that security had gotten better after shifting to Cloud systems.     Mobility: The cloud computing concept enables mobile access to all corporate data using smartphones and linked devices. Efficiency: Cloud computing allows organizations and individuals to utilize shared resources, resulting in increased cost savings, speed, agility, and efficiency. Cloud providers leverage vast economies of scale and optimize usage across thousands of customers. Scalability: Cloud resources can be provisioned and de-provisioned dynamically and on-demand to meet changing business requirements. This elasticity eliminates the need for capacity planning and avoids both under-provisioning and over-provisioning Resiliency: Leading cloud platforms enable high availability through redundancy and disaster recovery protections for always-on applications with minimal downtime risk. Sophisticated data backup, failover clustering and geo-distribution prevent service disruptions Productivity: Self-service automation, developer friendliness and API connectivity boost developer and operator productivity by abstracting operational complexities behind simplistic interfaces. More focus stays on core products Compliance: Major cloud platforms readily comply with regulations around security, data sovereignty, industry standards, and country-specific legislation to ease adoption barriers, especially in heavily regulated industries like healthcare and banking.     Flexibility: Cloud offers heightened flexibility for businesses over traditional hosting over local servers. Enhanced bandwidth also becomes an immediate possibility that doesn’t need costly or complicated IT upgrades.  Data backup and restoration: Once the data is in the Cloud, it is much easier to back it up and restore it using the Cloud.  Collaboration: Cloud applications improve collaboration by enabling groups of people to easily and quickly share information in the Cloud via shared storage.  Cost: Cloud computing saves businesses money on both hardware and software maintenance.  Storage space: The cloud provides an enormous amount of storage capacity for storing our important data, such as documents, images, audio, video, and so on, in one location. The vast number of jobs: There are a lot of jobs available related to cloud computing in India. On Naukri, as of date 17/06/2022, there are 112300+ jobs available. Sustainability– Cloud infrastructures enable companies to cut down on carbon footprint, paper waste, and commuter-related emissions and enhance energy efficiency simultaneously.  Competitive Edge– Implementing cloud-based solutions in businesses helps users stay one step ahead of their competitors in this highly competitive market. According to a study conducted by Verizon, 77% of the users of this technology have claimed that it has given them a competitive advantage over their competitors.  Conclusion Having a grasp on cloud basic interview questions can greatly influence your chances of getting your dream job, hence make sure you read through all the cloud computing basic interview questions and answers. We hope this cloud computing interview questions and answers guide will help you strengthen and expand your cloud computing knowledge base. Surely, cloud engineers have a bright future ahead. With years passing by, the demand for cloud engineers is only going to increase. So, brush up your knowledge of the cloud, practice cloud basic interview questions and take up our course in cloud computing to add certification to your profile! Our course will teach you the basic and advanced concepts of cloud computing along with the applications of these concepts. You will learn from industry experts through videos, live lectures, and assignments. Moreover, you’ll get access to upGrad’s exclusive career preparation, resume feedback, and many other advantages. Be sure to check it out. If you know someone interested in learning about cloud technologies and hope to practice cloud basics interview questions, do share this article on cloud basic interview questions with them.
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by Kechit Goyal

19 Feb 2024

Cloud Architect Salary in India: For Freshers & Experienced [2024]
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Let’s begin with a few incredible cloud adoption stats. The public cloud service market is forecasted to reach a global valuation of $623.3 billion. More than half of enterprises spend over $1.2 million on cloud-related services every year. Cloud computing accounts for about 30% of the IT budgets of organizations worldwide. More than 65% of organizations have already built a cloud center of excellence or a central cloud team. Most organizations use the services of about 5 different cloud service providers. There are a few more coming your way. The point of sharing these stats with you is to let you know how big cloud computing is.  Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition. Explore Our Software Development Free Courses Fundamentals of Cloud Computing JavaScript Basics from the scratch Data Structures and Algorithms Blockchain Technology React for Beginners Core Java Basics Java Node.js for Beginners Advanced JavaScript What is a Cloud Architect? Cloud architects are IT professionals who assist an organization in using Cloud technology for application deployment and several other use cases. They possess in-depth knowledge of both Cloud Computing and how they are used in various industries. They closely work with various stakeholders. They navigate the back-end technical side as well as the business side of the Cloud infrastructure.  The cloud architect salary is quite admirable considering the challenging responsibilities they fulfill. Cloud architects have myriad opportunities because most businesses run at least partially on a Cloud environment. The Cloud computing demand continues to grow. Many businesses currently using the Cloud technology express that they would increase their budget. Cloud architects can be employed in various industries and offer admirable solution architect salary owing to the extensive adoption of Cloud computing technology. Overview of responsibilities of Cloud Architects: Cloud architects are important job positions in various industries. They are primarily responsible for managing the cloud environments. After designing, developing, and administering cloud infrastructure and assets, they develop and implement cloud computing strategies. Consequently, they help a business fulfill its goals. Cloud architects should work closely with DevOps team members. The reason is they have to oversee strategic planning and technical tasks of developing, deploying, and migrating applications within an organization’s Cloud. Moreover, Cloud architects join forces with developers to ascertain that preliminary requisites of a build are fulfilled before moving on to design and project integration. Fulfilling these primary responsibilities can help these professionals advance their career graph with improved cloud architect salary. Cloud architects are well-versed with the organization’s cloud infrastructure. Thus, they can help the IT security team by supervising cloud activity and addressing the bugs. Moreover, in-house cloud architects allow a company to retain ownership of its infrastructure instead of depending on Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS). These exceptional skills add up to the solution architect salary. Cloud Computing Trends Gartner suggests the expected shift to the cloud by 2023 could increase the IT spending to over $1.3 trillion worldwide. This spending would also include the money spent on other aspects of IT. A piece published in Forbes suggested that over 70% of CFOs feel that cloud computing has been instrumental to the growth of their business in the recent past. The demand for cloud services has also risen quite significantly in recent years. It was 18% higher in 2019 than in the previous year. Amazon Web Services or AWS is the preferred cloud service platform for organizations globally. More than 80% of businesses either already use or are thinking about switching to AWS as their cloud partner.  Check Out upGrad Advanced Certification in Cloud Computing These stats clearly show that cloud services are already the preferred choice of organizations worldwide. And things are only going to improve in the time to come. So if you are considering making a career as a cloud architect, you should start your preparations right away. You won’t have to wait too long for jobs as cloud architects are already in demand. What you need to do is right now is to acquire the right skills needed for this role, which we are going to discuss in some detail a little later in the blog. This is the best time to join an online course that is relevant to this role and make the most of the time available to you. Let us now talk about our primary topic of concern – cloud architect salary in India.  Learn Software Engineer Programs online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. upGrad’s Exclusive Software and Tech Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4 Check Out upGrad Advanced Certification in DevOps Cloud Architect Salary in India  The average base salary of cloud architects in India is in the range of Rs 1,600,000 per annum. This could go up significantly based on several factors. The average base salary, in some cases, has been reported to reach Rs 2,400,000 per annum. Your experience as a cloud architect is possibly the most important out of all the other factors. Your experience can land you a job in one of the top global companies as well, which can again be a great boost for salary. And working with a top firm comes with its additional perks and benefits as well. Your job location is another very important factor that can contribute to increasing your salary. The salary range for a cloud architect in India is between Rs 1,000,000 per annum and Rs 5,000,000 per annum. The variation is because of the factors we just discussed. Let us now see a few common cloud architect salary trends in India before moving any further. Though the highest salary that a cloud architect can expect to earn in India is Rs 5,000,000 per annum, only 1% of the total cloud architects in India are paid such a high salary. This could also be because salary in this range depends on your experience, and there won’t be enough candidates in the country that have such rich experience in the field. However, about 10% of the total cloud architects working in this role have an average salary of around Rs 3,500,000 per annum. So it is quite evident that your salary grows as you gain more experience as a cloud architect. Learn more: Cloud Engineer Salary in India Source Salary for Similar Job Titles  Now we come to different cloud architect roles that can pay you a higher salary than others. However, your responsibilities would also be different in each of these roles. We already know what a cloud architect earns on an average. So let us move onto other related roles. A senior cloud architect makes around Rs 2,500,000 per annum in salary. A technical architect in cloud computing, on the other hand, earns around 2,400,000 per annum. The salary of a cloud solution architect is a little lower than what a cloud architect earns on an average, and this could be because of fewer responsibilities. A cloud solution architect has an average salary of around Rs 1,900,000 per annum. A cloud associate architect is at the bottom of this pile and earns Rs 1,600,000 per annum. Source Cloud Architect Salary: Based on the Employer  So what do top companies pay their cloud architects? Let’s talking about a couple of those companies! If you are employed as a cloud architect at Tata Consultancy Services, you will earn a median base salary of around 1,500,000 per annum. The minimum salary at TCS is around Rs 2,30,000 per annum, and the maximum can go up to Rs 3,800,000 per annum. There are different factors at play that justify this difference. We have already talked about those factors earlier. Now the median base salary of a cloud architect at Accenture too is in the range of Rs 1,500,000 per annum. The minimum and maximum range are Rs 4,10,000 per annum to Rs 2,800,000 per annum.  Source Now let us see the difference in pay based on company size. If you are working as a cloud architect in a company with more than 10,000 employees, you will earn a compensation of around Rs 1,900,000 per annum. A company with an employee strength of 1000-10000 pays its cloud architects in the range of Rs 1,500,000 per annum. While companies with 200-1000 employees and 1-200 employees pay Rs 1,100,000 per annum and Rs 6,10,000 per annum to their cloud architects. It is clearly evident from these figures that you have a better chance of earning more in a company that employs more people. In other words, the bigger the company, the better your chances of earning a higher salary.  Explore our Popular Software Engineering Courses Master of Science in Computer Science from LJMU & IIITB Caltech CTME Cybersecurity Certificate Program Full Stack Development Bootcamp PG Program in Blockchain Executive PG Program in Full Stack Development View All our Courses Below Software Engineering Courses Cloud Architect Salary: Based on Qualifications  So what qualifications are you required to have to make the cut, if you like? About half of the employees placed in different companies as cloud architects have a PostGraduate degree. About 49% of other cloud architects are graduates, and only 1% have a Ph.D. degree. Now let us see the salary of people with different educational qualifications. If you are a graduate, you will be paid around Rs 1,500,000 per annum. A cloud architect with a PostGraduate degree is paid around Rs 1,900,000 per annum. If you have an MBA degree, your salary can go up to nearly Rs 2,000,000 per annum. So you can see that your educational qualifications indeed matter.  But in addition to these education requirements, a dedicated course in cloud computing or cloud architecture is also quite common. Your PostGraduate and Graduate degrees are qualifications that you are expected to have to even considered for this position. However, if you want to be preferred over other candidates who are applying for the same position, you need to show your recruiters that you are different.  A cloud computing course, whether online or classroom learning, could be the key differentiator when it comes to organizations choosing you over all the other candidates that have just a college PG or graduate degree. This short-term course will only focus on the aspects that you should know of and the situations that you must be prepared to handle as a cloud architect. So if you are really serious about this career option, a dedicated cloud computing course can really help you. And if you are a working professional, an online course is just what you need to upskill yourself for a better career option without having to leave your current job.  In-Demand Software Development Skills JavaScript Courses Core Java Courses Data Structures Courses Node.js Courses SQL Courses Full stack development Courses NFT Courses DevOps Courses Big Data Courses React.js Courses Cyber Security Courses Cloud Computing Courses Database Design Courses Python Courses Cryptocurrency Courses Role of Cloud Architects in India For various reasons, the demand for cloud architects is increasing, with handsome salary packages handed over to even freshers. Here’s a brief of their roles and responsibilities –  Digital Transformation As India is inching towards digital transformation, industries are dependent on cloud based solutions for artificial intelligence, data analytics and other emerging technologies. Cloud architects play an important role in implementing these strategies. Multi-Cloud and Hybrid Cloud Adoption A hybrid cloud is a kind of cloud technology that combines the features of a private cloud with a public cloud. It allows for the movement of data and applications between two cloud environments.  Multi-cloud refers to the application of cloud computing services from more than one cloud service provider.  Big Data and Analytics  As big data plays an essential role in making key business decisions, Cloud Architects must develop scalable and high-performance cloud infrastructure to implement data-intensive applications. Cloud Solution Architect Salary in India: Based on Industry The industry you are employed in has a significant impact on your remuneration as a cloud solutions architect salary in India. Salaries differ from one industry to another.  IT Services and Consulting The salary in IT services is competitive and depends on qualifications, certifications, and experience. Cloud solutions architect salary in India (four to seventeen years of experience) can be anywhere from Rs 9,00,000 to Rs 40,00,000 with an average salary of Rs 25,30,000 per annum. Cloud architect salary in India for freshers amounts to Rs. 7,00,000 per annum. Financial Services Cloud solutions architect salary in the banking sector can be anywhere between Rs 36,00,000 to Rs 46,00,000 per annum with an average salary of Rs 2,38,385 per month. Internet  Cloud solution architect salary in India in the Internet sector is highly rewarding. The entry level cloud architect salary can be anywhere between Rs 11,00,0000 and Rs 50,00,000, with an average annual salary of Rs 29,80,000.  Analytics and KPO The minimum salary in this sector amounts to about Rs 11,00,000 and the maximum can culminate to Rs 50,00,000 with the average cloud architect salary per month being around Rs 26,60,000 per annum in this field.  Azure Architect The role of an Azure architect is to design and implement a cloud strategy in coordination with a cloud architect. An Azure architect is one who works independently with businesses and technical stakeholders to detect roadblocks and obstacles in the corporate world. Some of the roles and responsibilities are defined as follows  They coordinate with clients to enable the successful implementation and stationing complex solutions.  Analyze systems and detect anomalies migrating to Azure cloud. Strong and comprehensive knowledge of firewalls, security, Redis cache, key vault etc. Developing Microsoft Azure solutions in adherence to project requirements and predefined criteria. Build and manage Azure cloud environment on behalf of clients. Azure architect salary in India ranges from Rs 11,00,000 to Rs 41,80,000 with an average salary of Rs 24,30,000 per annum.  Qualifications and skills needed for an Azure architect An Azure architect must fulfill certain conditions. Here are some important skills and qualifications required for an Azure architect –  A Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Science, Information Technology or a related field. Some corporations and employers may give preference to candidates with a postgraduate degree. Master scripting languages and programming languages as part of your academic curriculum. Familiarize yourself with databases like MySQL. Gain hands-on experience working with cyber security. If your domain is cloud, you have to have a sound knowledge of cybersecurity policies. Don’t neglect soft skills as they are essential when you move up the corporate ladder.Master Java programming language. Have knowledge on using open source tools like Docker, Redis and OpenStack. Gain thorough knowledge on at least one operating system (Linux, Unix or Windows) and integrated development environments. Become proficient in working with networking elements like HTTP, routers, switches, IP addresses, LAN/WAN technology, Transfer Control Protocol/IP. Become skilled in cybersecurity. If you work in the cloud domain, it’s integral that you have a solid understanding of best cybersecurity practices. AWS Solution Architect An AWS Solution architect helps businesses and corporations in building and implementing cloud solutions using Amazon Web Services. They brainstorm with potential clients to understand their requirements and deliver an effective solution. AWS Solution architect keeps a watchful eye on the promised solutions and resolve defects that emerge. An Amazon solutions architect will be involved in the technicalities, business decisions and workplace. AWS solution architects will hold key roles in cloud computing, networking and storage. These are an overview of skills that should be possessed by AWS Solution Architect Time Management Projects in the IT industry are bound by tight deadlines. Excellent time management skills are required in management and execution of multiple projects. Communication Abilities Two way communication should be established between internal and external stakeholders as well as end users. Excellent communication and interpersonal skills are required while solving problems of the corporations while developing cutting edge technologies. Leadership abilities and collaboration between teams IT professionals need to work well with their team members as well as function with the members in other departments. When the entire unit works cohesively and in perfect coordination, projects can be successfully executed and implemented. AWS architect salary in India ranges between Rs 2,80,000 to Rs 28,50,000 with an average salary of Rs 13,80,000 per annum. Cloud Architect Salary: Based on Department Engineering – Software & QA Department Software quality assurance is a way to enforce quality in a software. Software Quality assurance works in parallel with that of software development. It focuses on improving the process of developing software. Cloud architect salary in India in Engineering-Software & QA sector  ranges between Rs 7,80,000 to 42,00,000 with an average salary of Rs 25,80,000 per annum. Engineering – Hardware & Networks Hardware & Networking requires planning whether you are developing a system or a network. Planning and design streamlines the functioning of a system. A computer devoid of hardware cannot function and without the help of networking cannot connect with other systems. Salary for cloud architect in Engineering – Hardware & Networks sector ranges between Rs. 5,70,000 to Rs 36,50,000 with an average annual salary of Rs 25,20,000 per annum. Cloud Architect Salary: Based on Company Type Conglomerate Conglomeration takes place when one organization buys another organization and possibly other organizations after that. When a company acquires a stake or buys another company it’s called merger or an acquisition. A merger is considered to be between equivalent companies whereas acquisition takes place when one business buys the other. The salary for cloud architect ranges between Rs 13,00,000 to Rs 40,00,000 with an average annual salary of Rs. 27,80,000 per annum. Cloud Architect Role: Common Trends  1. What about the most common skills that companies ask from you as a cloud architect? This usually depends on the company you are working and the project you are working on. However, we do have a few stats to show you some skills that you definitely need to possess to do well in this field. More than 25% of employees employed in this role have cloud computing skills, which only makes sense considering the global cloud computing market trends that we discussed earlier in the blog. Other skills include solution architecture with 14% of employees and VMWare with 15% of employees.  2. Let us now see the age difference amongst employees working as cloud architects in different organizations. The average age of about 40% of cloud architects employed in different organizations across the country is 31-36 years. On the other hand, about 38% of employees working as cloud architects are aged 36-41 years. So this accounts for nearly 80% of all cloud architects in India. What could be the reason for this? Why don’t we have too many candidates that are in their early 20s or even in their late 20s? There could be several reasons. The cloud boom in India has only happened quite recently. So there were not too many people who were aware of how popular the field is and how it could guarantee them a stable and high paying job. People have very recently started considering a career in the cloud very seriously. This wasn’t the case about a decade or so ago. Another reason could be because of people making a career switch. There are many software engineers and people employed in other similar roles who have switched from their original careers to a career in the cloud, looking at the popularity, demand, and benefits that it offers. So more than 80% of total cloud architects in India falling in the 30+ age group could be because of this shift.  3. There are only a few institutions that are known for producing top cloud computing talent across India. Let us take a look at a couple of these names. About 7% of cloud architects that are currently employed at different organizations have acquired their educations from the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS). The same goes for the online learning platform you should choose to take a course for more focused learning in this subject. It is about your career, so you can’t choose second-best, can you?  Source 4.Significant engineering experience is another common trend among Cloud architects. Its job descriptions depict a list of practical experience with the Cloud architectural decision-making skills. The engineering experience continues to be recorded as at least a desired characteristic, if not a severe requirement. This applies to several IT roles. Although experience requirements always vary, you must be careful. You require some seasoning in the engineering domain or other architecture-focused positions to stay competitive. Typically, cloud architect roles aren’t aimed at early-career IT professionals. The Cloud Architect aspirants with less experience may search for Junior Cloud Engineer or Cloud Engineer positions, or conventional IT job positions like “System Administrator” that come with straightforward responsibilities for a cloud-based system. 5.Another common trend of the Cloud Architect role is they work with people, not just technology. This job role prioritizes professionals with experience in contemporary methodologies and cultures, like DevOps and Agile. Usually, Cloud architects don’t have organizations report to them; however, they must instil change all through the systems. This trend reflects the strategic nature of present-day’s Cloud architects. These professionals are increasingly strategic, visible roles that connect or lead teams. Working with people is equally important as working with technology. This ability helps them grab a suitable job role with a praiseworthy cloud architect salary. 6.Programming expertise is another prominent trend in the Cloud Architect role. Employers typically choose Cloud architects with programming skills. This is one of the reasons why software engineering is a common path to Cloud architect roles. Cloud Architects must possess practical experience in scripting and how it could or should be used to run cloud systems. Kubernetes and YAML pairing is the best for the Cloud Architect role. A Cloud architect with excellent programming expertise can earn a great cloud architect salar 7.Knowledge of two or more cloud platforms is desirable by many employers. So, it has become a common trend for the Cloud Architect role. Many job openings related to Cloud architects need candidates with practical experience in at least one other platform apart from the core environment. The ability to seamlessly work on at least two or more platforms can help them earn a better solution architect salary. Cloud Architect Skills The basis of becoming a cloud architect is to have a good understanding of how cloud computing works. That’s the basic necessity. There are other technical areas that you will be required to excel in.  You need working knowledge of operating systems, including Windows, Linux, Ubuntu, Solaro, and Unix. The least requirement is to be good in at least one of these operating. If you have worked as an architect or administrator in the operating systems that we just mentioned, you will find the transition a lot easier. Basic understanding of programming or scripting languages is important. This is not a must-have skill but something that will certainly help. Other technical and soft skills as suggested by Gartner include Application architecture Integration architecture Outsourcing and internal hosting Security Automation and orchestration ITSM/ITOM Communication and collaboration Finance and legal experience Program leadership Vendor management Also Read: What Are The Skills to Become a Cloud Engineer ?? Read our Popular Articles related to Software Development Why Learn to Code? How Learn to Code? How to Install Specific Version of NPM Package? Types of Inheritance in C++ What Should You Know? How can Cloud architects improve their skills and earn better salaries? Cloud architects should continually improve their skills to become more successful in their careers and earn better salaries. Let’s look at the following ways: Gain some experience: It is always advisable to gain some experience as a systems or network administrator, or other relevant roles that can improve your cloud computing knowledge. You can hone your hard skills by working as a technical contributor or technical expert before transitioning to Cloud architecture. You can even work in management for 1-2 years and earn a decent solution architect salary in India. Enrol in professional courses and become certified: You can earn one of the relevant certifications and attain industry knowledge by collaborating with software or product vendors. Getting professionally certified showcases your cloud computing talents to potential employers. Moreover, it also shows your proactive nature for upskilling as a professional. You can choose certification courses focused on cloud architecture or specific cloud platforms. Earn higher degrees: Another great way you can adopt to qualify for a well-paying job prospect is to get an advanced educational degree. It provides the necessary technical knowledge to become a specialized Cloud architect. For instance, earning a master’s degree in computer science or a relevant field allows you to learn and practice or test procedures or programming languages, depending on the specialization. Tips Cloud Architecture can incorporate in the workplace: Here are some effective tips on how to apply your skills as a cloud architect in the workplace. Following them help you to earn a decent solution architect salary in India. Actively listen to the client to discern their problems and derive Cloud solutions. Analyze all details pertaining to your projects. It helps decrease any vulnerabilities that security and authority may find. Lead your team in preparing proof-of-concept for using cloud infrastructure from concept to implementation. Evaluate costs and know how you may obey a budget and design cloud tactics for cloud adoption. Conclusion A cloud architect is one of those job roles that will remain in high demand for some time to come. With the cloud computing field expected to grow exponentially in the next few years, becoming a cloud architect is the best thing you can hope for your career right now. It’s not only a great opportunity to have a high-paying job but also to gain first-hand experience of working with new and exciting technologies. Our course will teach you the basic and advanced concepts of cloud computing along with the applications of these concepts. You will learn from industry experts through videos, live lectures, and assignments. Moreover, you’ll get access to upGrad’s exclusive career preparation, resume feedback, and many other advantages. Be sure to check it out.
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by Pavan Vadapalli

14 Feb 2024

Data Security in Cloud Computing: Top 6 Factors To Consider
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Traditionally, the data was stored in local servers. It used to take a lot of hardware allocation and manage the entire server along with the website, thus introducing Cloud Computing. ‘Cloud Computing’ is a way to store the data on a remote server over the internet. The process of storing, managing, and processing data is handled by the third-party, which is providing cloud computing services. Now, as we are moving to a public cloud or hybrid cloud, the issue of cloud security or data security has to be addressed. As every individual or enterprise trusts the cloud service providers by providing their essential folders and files for the deployment on their server for which the third-party charges fees. As the number of users increases day-by-day, it is quite challenging to provide data security. Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition Read: Top Cloud Computing Models Explained ‘Data outsourcing’ is a process wherein users of the cloud are relieved from the burden of managing and storing data. Now, various factors need to be addressed to protect the data and thus provide security to cloud users. Learn Software Development Certifications online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. Top Factors For Data Security Privacy Protection Data Confidentiality Data Integrity Data Availability Data Privacy Governance Check out upGrad’s Advanced Certification in Blockchain Privacy Protection Privacy Protection involves safeguarding the data from any other person other than the owner of the data. Although the data is saved on the servers of the company from which we are purchasing the cloud computing service, it is essential that the privacy of the data has to be maintained. The data has to be encrypted so that only you can access the data as you are paying for the service and the data which you are storing on their servers has to be preserved and must be shown to you only. The privacy of the data stored has to be considered; otherwise, there is a chance of hacking the data from their servers, which would cost up a huge amount of money to both the organisations. Check out upGrad’s Advanced Certification in DevOps  Data Confidentiality Data Confidentiality refers to protecting data from reaching unauthorised parties as it would result in data breaching. Data breaching is one of the threats to the data; it is always addressed in cybersecurity.  Data breaching causes the revelation of the data to the unknown sources. It is like leaking your secret information to the anonymous person who is scary to the business and for an individual.   Also Read: Cloud Computing Ultimate Guide Data Integrity Data integrity is maintaining the original data and protecting data to be modified or deleted. Data integrity is pretty simple for a single database system, but it gets very complicated with multi-cloud databases. Also, in a server, there are multiple data stored. So even preserving integrity is very important for the data. These days, the organisation utilises multiple servers and multiple people from organisation access the same server from different ids, so it’s important to consider the user’s authentication before modifying the data from the database. Now to maintain that the two most prominent methods used are two-factor authorisation and trusted platform module (TPM) for remote data checks. Data Availability As we all know, our data is on someone else’s server, so it’s imperative to consider the responsibility of having an agreement. The service-level agreement (SLA) is pivotal, and users must read it carefully. Some points to consider with SLA. SLA provides information about the various policies of the company providing cloud computing services. For example, AWS, asks the user to choose the location of the server; now, this helps with compliance and response time/latency.  All the available services are available for different purposes. So, it’s essential to know one’s organisation needs and research the available options and choose the best from the available ones. Data Privacy There are many national and international data residency laws. It is the responsibility of all the cloud computing providers and consumers to be aware of that.  For example, the U.S. includes laws such as:  the Health Information Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA),  The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards (PCI DSS),  the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the  Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH);  In Europe, there are laws like the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).  Also, there’s the United Kingdom Data Protection Law, the Russian Data Privacy Law, the Swiss Federal Act on Data Protection and the Canadian Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA). So, it’s always better for all the cloud services consumers to know the laws, rules and regulations related to data and to check if the cloud service provider abides by the laws.   And if they don’t, one can register a complaint to the government or cybersecurity department regarding one’s complaint.  Must Read: Scope of Cloud Computing Governance Governance refers to adopting the appropriate policies within the organisation and giving them access to the servers to the trusted employees only. Many a time, it is observed that the hackers are within the organisation only. Maintaining proper rules and regulations with the handling of data is crucial for every organisation.          Benefits of Cloud Data Security: The following are the benefits of data security in cloud computing: Protect brand reputation Customer interest in a brand is increased by its reputation as it sheds light on business performance. Every data leak that makes headlines damages a company’s reputation as a trusted brand. Organizations can shield themselves by minimizing these dangers with the help of cloud computing securities.  Greater visibility Robust cloud data security procedures enable you to keep track of the internal operations of your cloud, including the data assets you have and where they are located, the people using your cloud services, and the types of data they are accessing. Data encryption Sensitive data must be protected whenever and wherever it moves. By using many levels of sophisticated encryption to secure cloud data in transit and at rest, cloud service providers assist you with secure cloud data transport, storage, and sharing. Cloud Workload Protection Workloads in the cloud significantly broaden the attack surface. To secure the complete cloud-native stack across all workloads, containers, Kubernetes, and serverless apps on any cloud, visibility and discovery of each workload and container event are required.         Why companies need cloud security Increased Agility We are currently in the big data era, in which businesses produce, gather, and store enormous volumes of data every second, ranging from highly sensitive customer or business data to less sensitive data like marketing analytics.  In addition to the expanding amounts of data that businesses must be able to access, manage, and analyze, enterprises are utilizing cloud services to increase their agility, decrease their time to market, and support their increasingly mobile or hybrid workforces.  Lower costs Because users share the cost of the infrastructure, cloud storage is typically more economical for enterprises and organizations. Resource optimization Generally speaking, the CSP maintains cloud-based servers, databases, hardware or other cloud elements in a cloud data model. Additionally, hosting and maintaining on-premises components are no longer required by the firm. In addition to lowering total IT expenses, workers can be reassigned to concentrate on different problems, including customer support or business modernisation. Advanced access Cloud-hosted databases can be accessed by any authorized user, from any device, in any location, wherever there is an internet connection, which is necessary to enable the contemporary digital workforce. Scalability Cloud resources, such as databases, are adaptable, which means they can be swiftly scaled up or down based on the changing demands of the organization.  Security issues in cloud computing Data breaches Misconfigurations Unsecured APIs Access control/unauthorized access Conclusion The data security in cloud computing depends on both the user and the service provider! Make sure to proceed step by step and to check all the factors mentioned above accurately. Data Security is everyone’s responsibility to deal with data including data scientists, engineers, developers, infrastructure providers, service and security. At upGrad, we offer the Advanced Certificate Programme in Cloud Computing program. Our course will teach you the basic and advanced concepts of cloud computing along with the applications of these concepts. You will learn from industry experts through videos, live lectures, and assignments. Moreover, you’ll get access to upGrad’s exclusive career preparation, resume feedback, and many other advantages. Be sure to check it out.
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by Rohan Vats

14 Feb 2024

What are the Prerequisites to Learn Cloud Computing?
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Cloud computing is among the hottest and trending domains in the present job market. The scope of cloud computing has become brighter recently as more and more companies have understood the importance of integrating these solutions into their operations.  The pay of a cloud computing professional in India can go up to INR 10,000,000 per annum, so you can understand just how lucrative this field is! However, before you start learning cloud computing, you’ll have to familiarise yourself with several subjects. This article will cover all the cloud computing prerequisites to help you kickstart your learning journey.  Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition. Explore Our Software Development Free Courses Fundamentals of Cloud Computing JavaScript Basics from the scratch Data Structures and Algorithms Blockchain Technology React for Beginners Core Java Basics Java Node.js for Beginners Advanced JavaScript Cloud Computing Prerequisites Cloud computing is an advanced sector and requires you to be familiar with multiple subjects because it is related to many technologies. Here are the primary topics you should know to start learning cloud computing: Check out upGrad’s Advanced Certification in Cloud Computing 1. Programming Skills As a cloud computing professional, you’ll need to have proper programming skills because you’ll be working with several programming languages. Cloud computing professionals use multiple programming languages including Java, PHP, Python, and .NET. Each of these languages has its distinct advantages so you should focus on developing a basic understanding of each of them.  For example, Python has multiple libraries that make specific programming tasks easier and efficient. On the other hand, PHP is necessary for developing cloud computing applications.  Check out upGrad: Java Bootcamp Knowing how to create a program and having coding skills will also help you in becoming a cloud computing professional. If you’re a beginner in programming, you should start with Python as it has a simple syntax and doesn’t require you to have any coding experience.  2. Familiarity with Databases Databases allow companies to easily store and access a lot of information. Cloud computing professionals help their organizations by creating and managing cloud-based databases. Thus, it is crucial to understand the functionality of databases.  Moreover, cloud-based databases have become increasingly popular in the last few years because they let an organization avail the benefits of having a database without the necessary hardware.  Apart from covering the basics of databases, you should also learn related technologies. SQL is the programming language for handling a relational database management system. Apart from SQL, other prominent database technologies are MongoDB, MySQL, and Apache Hadoop.  Having a basic understanding of these technologies is sufficient to start learning cloud computing. If you aren’t familiar with these subjects then we recommend starting with learning the fundamentals of databases and SQL.  3. Basics of Security and Privacy Digital security and privacy concerns have become a significant issue recently. Currently, hackers attack people 2,244 times per day, which means they are attacking every 39 seconds. Companies have to make sure that their cloud storage and cloud-based applications remain safe from hackers and other malicious elements. That’s why you should study the fundamentals of cybersecurity. You should be familiar with the best practices to prevent cybersecurity threats as they mitigate the risk of a successful hacking attack substantially.  Some of the prominent subjects you can learn about are cryptography and encryption. They are vital for studying cybersecurity so you can start with them. Even a little familiarity with these subjects would be sufficient for your preparation. Cybersecurity is a prominent prerequisite for cloud computing so we recommend focusing on it.  upGrad’s Exclusive Software and Tech Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4   4. Knowledge of Agile Development Agile development is a software development methodology that focuses on developing products through the collaboration of cross-functional and self-organising teams and their users. In this methodology, a team releases the product after it has reached a certain development stage and then modifies the product based on the user feedback on the same. The user’s feedback plays a huge role in agile development as it helps the developers understand the weak areas of the product and work on them.  An excellent example of agile development is mobile apps. Companies release a mobile app and then release new updates now and then for the app to enhance their user experience.  Agile development has become widely popular in the last few decades as it allows companies to release many products effectively and efficiently while satisfying the customers. Almost all the major companies use agile development methodology so learning about it will surely help you professionally. You should be familiar with its principles, terminology, and implementation.  5. Familiarity with Operating Systems You should be familiar with the basic operations of different operating systems such as Windows, macOS, and Linux. Linux is a little more important than the other operating systems because it’s a widely popular solution among companies for cloud computing implementations.  This is the simplest prerequisite for cloud computing as it takes very little effort to familiarise yourself with an OS’s operations. If you’ve been using a PC or a similar device for quite some time, you’d already be familiar with most of the concepts.  6. Understanding of Virtualization Virtualization is the process of creating virtual devices, infrastructures, and servers on one computing device. You create a virtual, software-based representation of another device such as virtual storage, network, or application in this process. Virtualization helps companies in reducing operating costs as they can multiply the available software devices without increasing the hardware.  It’s necessary to be familiar with the basics of an operating system before you learn virtualization. You should know how to create a virtual machine on your computer and also how to create multiple VMs.  Read our Popular Articles related to Software Development Why Learn to Code? How Learn to Code? How to Install Specific Version of NPM Package? Types of Inheritance in C++ What Should You Know? 7. Basics of Networking After you have learned about virtualization, you should focus on networking. In cloud computing, networking focuses on hosting some or all network resources from the cloud. This includes virtual firewalls, virtual routers, network management software, bandwidth, etc.  As a beginner, you should start with learning about IP addresses and how they work. Understanding the concept of IP addresses is fundamental to learning the advanced concepts of networking. The network in a cloud-based solution allows the user to connect with the cloud services.   Apart from connecting the users to the cloud service, the network also allows the different components of the cloud-based solution (servers and storage nodes) to connect.  How to Learn Cloud Computing Prerequisites (and More) Learning about cloud computing can be quite daunting. In fact, simply learning every prerequisite for cloud computing is a herculean task in itself.  As there’s a lot to cover, the best way to learn cloud computing is by taking a cloud computing course. With a cloud computing course, you can learn all the necessary skills and subjects efficiently as the course provides you with a structured curriculum along with additional benefits. Our PG Certification in Cloud Computing offers you more than 250 hours of learning material and covers many prominent technologies including Java, AWS, etc. The course provides you with IIIT Bangalore alumni status and offers 1:1 personalized mentorship from industry experts to resolve doubts quickly. You’ll get to study the development of microservices, distributed systems, all the cloud computing prerequisites, and work on industry projects.  This way, by the time you finish the course, you’ll be a job-ready cloud computing professional. The course comes with upGrad’s exclusive placement support.  Learn Online Software Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. Conclusion  It is no surprise that a diverse and complex field like cloud computing has so many prerequisites. While the learning process may seem challenging, you can master them with perseverance and the right professional guidance.  At upGrad, we offer the Advanced Certification in Cloud Computing program. Our course will teach you the basic and advanced concepts of cloud computing along with the applications of these concepts. You will learn from industry experts through videos, live lectures, and assignments. Moreover, you’ll get access to upGrad’s exclusive career preparation, resume feedback, and many other advantages. Be sure to check it out.
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by Rohan Vats

11 Feb 2024

Best Cloud Computing Course & Certification Online To Upgrade Your Career
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Cloud computing has become one of the fastest-growing sectors worldwide. From B2B to B2C, nearly all industries are focused on using cloud technology to enhance their productivity and performance. To help you utilize this opportunity, we have assorted a list of the best cloud computing programs.  By enrolling in any one of these programs, you can become a skilled cloud professional and kickstart your journey. We have also discussed the scope of cloud computing in India and the salary of cloud computing professionals. Let’s begin. Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition. Best Cloud Computing Courses & Certifications To become a cloud computing professional, you have to learn its various skills and get familiar with its technologies such as cloud computing infrastructure, development, virtual machines, and much more. The most efficient way to learn these subjects is by enrolling in the best cloud computing programs available. The following are some of the best cloud computing programs in India where you can register to learn the necessary skills and subjects: Check out upGrad’s Java Bootcamp Executive PGP Software Development – Specialisation in Cloud Computing This 7-month program teaches you to develop the infrastructure that allows building cloud-native applications. You get more than 250 hours of learning, IIIT Bangalore alumni status, 1-1 personalized mentorship from Cloud Computing Experts, and placement assistance. It’s one of the best cloud computing programs to learn the necessary skills and become a sought-after professional.  Check out upGrad’s Advanced Certification in Blockchain You get to learn multiple cloud computing skills and understand their applications through industry projects. The course covers Microservices, Cloud Computing Services, Building Cloud-Native Applications and Deployment, and many other skills. After its completion, you’d join the global alumni network of the prestigious IIIT Bangalore as well.  Eligibility Criteria You should have a Bachelor’s degree to enroll in this program. This program doesn’t require any work experience to join. Learn Software Engineering Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. Why Cloud Computing Programs in India? The current market has become highly competitive. In such a cut-throat competition, having an undergraduate degree is not sufficient. Recruiters look for highly skilled and qualified candidates that are familiar with the latest technologies and their implementations. Gartner projects that through 2022, the cloud services industry’s growth would be around three times the growth of the total IT services and would generate global revenue of 331.2 billion dollars.  One of the biggest highlights of these cloud computing courses is that they promote a candidate’s overall growth. This means that not only would you learn the dedicated skills and subjects, but you’d also study the nitty-gritty details of cloud computing. It would set you apart from the rest of the candidates and help you bag lucrative roles easily.  Enrolling in the best cloud computing programs would allow you to pursue senior roles with more experience. Getting promoted to a leadership role would be easier for you as you’d be more skilled and qualified than your competition. These programs make it easier for you to make a career transition, as well.  Explore our Popular Software Engineering Courses Master of Science in Computer Science from LJMU & IIITB Caltech CTME Cybersecurity Certificate Program Full Stack Development Bootcamp PG Program in Blockchain Executive PG Program in Full Stack Development View All our Courses Below Software Engineering Courses Hiring Trends for Cloud Professionals The demand for cloud computing professionals is continually rising. One report suggests that India’s cloud computing market is at $2 billion and should grow at an annual growth rate of 30%. (Source) The cloud computing market in India is expected to reach $4 billion by 2020 and generate more than a million jobs here. You should note that major corporations aren’t the only ones who use this technology. Many startups require the expertise of cloud computing professionals too. So, learning this skill can allow you to become a part of startups as well as leading corporations. The best cloud computing programs give you the technical mindset this industry requires. The report we mentioned before also states that the cloud computing sector has a massive shortage of skilled professionals. Globally, there are 1.7 million+ vacancies for cloud computing roles. On top of that, only 1% of the applying candidates have the desired qualifications. Taking the best cloud computing programs will help you become a qualified and skilled professional and leverage this fantastic opportunity.  Explore Our Software Development Free Courses Fundamentals of Cloud Computing JavaScript Basics from the scratch Data Structures and Algorithms Blockchain Technology React for Beginners Core Java Basics Java Node.js for Beginners Advanced JavaScript upGrad’s Exclusive Software Development Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4   Starting Salaries of Cloud Professionals  The salary of a job depends on its demand in the industry. As we explored in the previous section, cloud computing is among the most in-demand skills currently. That’s why it offers attractive pay to candidates. The average salary of a beginner in the cloud computing sector is INR 5 lakh per year and goes up to INR 7 lakh per year. With more experience and expertise, your salary will increase accordingly. For example, mid-level professionals earn up to 20 lakh per year in this sector, whereas professionals with 15+ years of experience can make more than one crore a year. You should note that your pay depends on multiple factors, including your location, employer, experience, and skill level.  In-Demand Software Development Skills JavaScript Courses Core Java Courses Data Structures Courses Node.js Courses SQL Courses Full stack development Courses NFT Courses DevOps Courses Big Data Courses React.js Courses Cyber Security Courses Cloud Computing Courses Database Design Courses Python Courses Cryptocurrency Courses What You can do with a Cloud Computing Course? Cloud computing is a broad sector ripe with opportunities. When you have the required skills and knowledge, multiple doors will open for you. Here are some of the most prominent roles you can pursue with a cloud computing certificate: Cloud Architect A cloud architect is responsible for developing an organization’s computing strategy. The strategy should cover cloud application design, cloud management, cloud adoption plans, monitoring, and related aspects. Along with these responsibilities, they have to provide support for deployment in cloud and application architecture. They transform the technical requirements into the design and architecture that will guide the project. They work with DevOps developers and engineers to make sure that they develop the correct software solution.  Cloud Developer A cloud developer develops applications that remain served on the cloud. While their work is quite similar to web engineers, a cloud developer would create the product on clouds and virtual systems. They conduct tests and code reviews. Cloud developers design and implement the cloud infrastructure for an organization as well. They are responsible for developing workflows and restoring configuration if an issue arises.  Cloud Engineer A cloud engineer helps an organization handle cloud computing and oversee its various aspects, including management, design, support, maintenance, and planning. There are many subsets in cloud engineering, and each one focuses on a specific part of this technology. Cloud engineers use AWS, Linux, DevOps, Docker, Python, and many other technologies.  Join the Best Cloud Computing Programs Today As you must’ve noticed, cloud computing is among the most in-demand sectors with the most lucrative salaries. If you want to enter this industry, you should enroll in one of the best cloud computing programs we discussed. Each of the programs provides you with the necessary skills and teach you the latest technologies. Our course will teach you the basic and advanced concepts of cloud computing along with the applications of these concepts. You will learn from industry experts through videos, live lectures, and assignments. Moreover, you’ll get access to upGrad’s exclusive career preparation, resume feedback, and many other advantages. Be sure to check it out. Read our Popular Articles related to Software Development Why Learn to Code? How Learn to Code? How to Install Specific Version of NPM Package? Types of Inheritance in C++ What Should You Know?
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by Rohan Vats

10 Feb 2024

9 Components Of Cloud Computing Architecture You Should Know About
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All kinds of businesses, let it be small scale large-scale, are shifting to cloud-based services. The adoption of both public and private clouds have increased in the past few years. The reason behind this shift is lower operating costs and increased flexibility. Cloud computing technology utilizes remote servers to store, manage, and access data on the internet rather than have a local infrastructure.  Check out our free courses to get an edge over the competition. Explore Our Software Development Free Courses Fundamentals of Cloud Computing JavaScript Basics from the scratch Data Structures and Algorithms Blockchain Technology React for Beginners Core Java Basics Java Node.js for Beginners Advanced JavaScript Why Cloud Computing? In cloud computing, we can develop new applications and services, store and backup our data, host blogs, and websites, analyze the data, and stream audio and video. There is no need for large and complex cloud computing infrastructure as the storage and processing are done on remote servers called cloud servers. As the software platform and databases are hosted remotely, the individual computers are free from the storage and computing tasks. Cloud computing offers a wide range of benefits, including high efficiency, cost reduction, data security, scalability, mobility, disaster recovery, and complete control over the data. Check out upGrad’s Advanced Certification in Cloud Computing The Components  The cloud computing architecture consists of two parts front end and the back end, the front end part is the one that is used by the user, and the back end part is managed by the host. Both ends are connected to each other via the internet. The frontend includes applications and interfaces that help the user access the cloud services. The company offering cloud services manages the back end and has data storage facilities, virtual machines, security systems, and servers. Explore our Popular Software Engineering Courses Master of Science in Computer Science from LJMU & IIITB Caltech CTME Cybersecurity Certificate Program Full Stack Development Bootcamp PG Program in Blockchain Executive PG Program in Full Stack Development View All our Courses Below Software Engineering Courses Here is a List of Components of Cloud Computing Architecture- 1. Client Infrastructure The client infrastructure component is the part of the frontend which provides a graphic user interface for the user to interact with the cloud.  Check out upGrad’s Advanced Certification in DevOps 2. Application An application is any platform like an app or software offered by a company by which the clients access the cloud. 3. Service A cloud service manages the kind of service that a client needs to use according to his requirement. There are three types of services in cloud computing.  -Software as a Service (SaaS): SaaS-based services are known as cloud application services. They run directly through a web browser eliminating the need for any download or installation of the applications—for example, slack Hubspot and Google apps.  -Platform as a Service (PaaS): PaaS services are similar to SaaS. However, PaaS services provide a platform for users to build, edit, and launch the software. For example, Magneto commerce cloud and Windows Azure.  -Infrastructure as a service (IaaS): IaaS manages application data runtime environments and middleware. It provides virtual services that eliminate the need for physical computing resources such as RAM, CPU, and data centres. In IaaS, the companies run virtual servers, networks, and storage on the cloud on a paid basis. For example, Google Compute Engine (GCE), Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud, and Amazon Web Services (AWS). upGrad’s Exclusive Software and Tech Webinar for you – SAAS Business – What is So Different? document.createElement('video'); https://cdn.upgrad.com/blog/mausmi-ambastha.mp4   4. Runtime Cloud The runtime cloud provides the execution and runtime environment to the virtual machines.  5. Storage The storage component of cloud computing provides the storage capacity in the cloud for storing and managing data. In cloud storage, the data can be accessible to multiple clients simultaneously. Cloud storage is generally in the form of three basic configurations: public cloud, private cloud, and hybrid cloud. In-Demand Software Development Skills JavaScript Courses Core Java Courses Data Structures Courses Node.js Courses SQL Courses Full stack development Courses NFT Courses DevOps Courses Big Data Courses React.js Courses Cyber Security Courses Cloud Computing Courses Database Design Courses Python Courses Cryptocurrency Courses 6. Infrastructure The infrastructure provides services on the host level, application level, and network level. It includes the software and hardware components such as the storage network devices server and any other storage resource required to support the cloud computing model.  7. Management Management is used for managing the components such as storage services, applications, runtime cloud infrastructure, and security issues in the backend and for establishing coordination.  8. Security Security is the backend component of cloud computing, which insurance the security of data in the cloud. The security system in the cloud includes a broad set of policies, technologies, applications, and controls that are used for protecting the IP’s, data, applications, infrastructure, and the services offered in cloud computing. 9. Internet Internet is the medium using which the frontend and backend components communicate and interact with each other. By using a cloud-based solution, companies can work on lower budgets and eliminate on-premises infrastructure. Cloud computing is being extensively adopted due to its infinite advantages that positively impact creation, innovation, collaboration, security, ease of use, and sales. Also Read: Cloud Computing Project Ideas Read our Popular Articles related to Software Development Why Learn to Code? How Learn to Code? How to Install Specific Version of NPM Package? Types of Inheritance in C++ What Should You Know? Understanding Cloud Architecture   Cloud architecture describes how technology components interact to create a cloud wherein resources are pooled and distributed across a network using virtualization technologies. A cloud architecture includes the following components:   A front-end technology (the client or tool that accesses the cloud).  A back-end platform (servers, databases)  A cloud-based delivery system.  A network  Collectively, these components of cloud computing architecture on which programs can operate enable end users to harness the potential of cloud resources. Benefits of Cloud Computing Architecture Cloud architecture is more than a technical foundation; it gives enterprises an organizational advantage. Let me take you through some of the primary benefits it enables:  Cost Optimization: The times of large upfront hardware investments are over. The cloud design enables you to make payments only for the resources you utilize, adjusting them up and down as required. This results in substantial cost savings and removes the strain of handling unused resources. Increased Agility: The cloud’s on-demand feature allows you to implement new applications and resources swiftly. No need to wait months for hardware acquisition and installation. This improved agility lets you adapt to market developments and develop faster. Increased Security: Cloud providers spend extensively on robust safety precautions to safeguard your data and apps from cyber attacks. Furthermore, centralized management makes it easier to comply with data protection rules. Increased Reliability and Accessibility: Since cloud infrastructure is globally scattered, localized interruptions are less likely to occur. This leads to increased uptime and enhanced recovery from emergency capabilities, ensuring your apps are always available. Best Practices for Cloud Architecture A well-architected cloud platform serves as more than just a technological requirement; it lowers operating costs, delivers high-performance applications, and ensures customer satisfaction. Organizations can ensure that their cloud deployments provide actual business value and secure their IT infrastructure by adhering to cloud computing architecture and its components and best practices.    Upfront planning: When developing a cloud architecture, make sure that you comprehend its storage requirements. As enterprises develop their architecture, they should regularly test efficiency to avoid unforeseen production issues.    Security first: Protect clouds against hackers and unauthorized access by encrypting data, managing modifications, and enforcing strict standards across all layers of the cloud infrastructure. Adopt zero-trust security approaches to ensure the highest level of protection throughout a hybrid, multi-cloud company.    Ensure disaster recovery: Streamline recovery operations to avoid expensive downtime and ensure quick recovery from disruptions in service. Managing capacity and employing redundant infrastructure can also help to ensure high availability.   Maximize performance: By leveraging and managing the appropriate computer resources while regularly evaluating company needs and technological needs.    At upGrad, we offer the Advanced Certification in Cloud Computing program. It lasts only for 13 months and is completely online so you can complete it without interrupting your job. Our course will teach you the basic and advanced concepts of cloud computing along with the applications of these concepts. You will learn from industry experts through videos, live lectures, and assignments. Moreover, you’ll get access to upGrad’s exclusive career preparation, resume feedback, and many other advantages. Be sure to check it out. Learn Online Software Courses online from the World’s top Universities. Earn Executive PG Programs, Advanced Certificate Programs or Masters Programs to fast-track your career. Conclusion Cloud computing has become integral to modern business operations, offering scalability, flexibility, and cost-efficiency. By comprehending the architecture behind it, professionals can harness its full potential to drive innovation and optimize performance. From infrastructure components like servers and storage to networking and security measures, each element plays a crucial role in shaping a robust cloud environment. Embracing best practices such as redundancy, scalability, and automation further enhances the reliability and agility of cloud systems. As we continue to witness rapid advancements in cloud technology, staying informed about its architecture empowers professionals to make informed decisions, drive business growth, and stay ahead in today’s competitive landscape. By mastering these nine components, professionals can leverage cloud computing to its fullest, unlocking endless possibilities for success in the digital age.
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by Pavan Vadapalli

05 Feb 2024

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