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Top 10 Critical Spring Boot Interview Questions and Answers [For Beginners & Experienced]

Nowadays, Spring boot interview questions are becoming extremely common for Java developers. Spring Boot is an open-source Java-based spring module that offers powerful features for the rapid development of deployment-ready applications. It is the most used and best java framework for the development of scalable microservices and web applications. 

If you want to become a domain expert, you have come to the right place. We have curated some the most repeatedly asked spring boot interview questions and answers to help you ace the interview.

The following article also highlights some of the most common Spring Boot interview questions for 7 years experience. 

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Basic Spring Boot Interview Questions And Answers

1. What is Spring Boot, and how is it different from Spring?

It takes the Java development with Spring to the next level and simplifies the development by removing major pain points associated with dependency, configuration, and management. The differences are listed below.

Spring

Spring Boot

It is a Java-based web application framework.

It is a module of Spring used for creating microservices.

It is quite complicated, making it difficult to use.

It is less complicated and more robust as compared to the spring framework.

It offers libraries and tools to create customized web applications.

It creates stand-alone spring application projects that can run/ execute.

It takes an un-opinionated view.

It takes an opinionated view as it can decide which defaults to deploy the configuration.

It requires XML configurations.

It does not require XML configurations.

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2. What is the need for Spring Boot?

It is one of the most commonly asked Spring Boot Interview questions, and you can answer it by pointing out significant advantages of Spring Boot. 

While Spring offers developers an ideal environment to develop large applications, the amount of configuration and its complexity makes it challenging to do so. 

Here is where Spring Boot comes to rescue. Its features like pre-built templates and auto-configuration allow developers to use existing spring functionalities with more ease, minimum effort, and maximum efficiency.

The main advantages of Spring Boot are:

  • It reduces development and testing time. 
  • It uses JavaConfig instead of XML.
  • It provides an opinionated development approach.
  • It offers starter projects or defaults for agile development.
  • No separate web server is required; hence there is no need to boot up Glassfish, Tomcat, or any other server.

Read: Spring Boot Project Ideas 

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3. Can you name and briefly explain all the spring boot components/features?

With this question, the interviewer intends to gauge the theoretical knowledge of your concepts. If you have previous experience in the domain or worked on any Spring Boot projects, provide the answer with examples. 

The main features of Spring Boot are 

1. Starter dependency

There are many dependencies in the Spring framework, and this feature aggregates them together. Spring Boot comes packed with several starter dependencies to enhance productivity. 

Few of the Spring Boot Starters are Test Starter, Web Starter, Mail Starter, and more. For instance, if we want to use JPA and Spring for database access, we can add this starter dependency in the project-spring-boot-starter-data-jpa.

2. Auto-Configuration

This feature scans the classpath and searches the libraries/Jars in the classpath to provide the necessary configuration to design and run the application.

For example, while developing an application with Spring Boot, if there is a Thymeleaf.jar present in the classpath, it automatically can align the Thymeleaf template resolver and other settings.

3. Spring Initializer

It is a web application that simplifies the process of the project set up by creating the initial project structure and build scripts. It increases productivity by reducing development time.

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4. Spring Actuator

Actuators are incredibly significant for microservices as they enable deployment-ready features like auditing, health check-up, log information, etc. for running Spring boot applications. Actuators have built-in management endpoints that are secured by default. 

For example:

/beans– it exhibits the entire list of all Spring beans in your application.

/health— it displays application health information by monitoring the production system 

5. Spring CLI

This feature allows the developers to use Groovy for writing the Spring boot application, hence resulting in a more concise code.

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4. What is Thymeleaf in Spring Boot?

It is a Java-based server-side template engine that offers elegant and natural templates for a web application.

5. What embedded containers are supported by Spring Boot? 

Spring Boot supports three embedded containers:

  • Tomcat (used by default)
  • Undertow
  • Jetty

Check out: Full Stack Interview Questions & Answers

Technical Spring Boot Interview Questions And Answers

1. What do you understand by the shutdown in the actuator?

It is a management endpoint that allows for a smooth and proper shutdown of an application. It is not authorized by default, but it can be enabled by using management.endpoint.shutdown.enabled=true.

2. How and where can you define properties in Spring Boot? 

We can use the application.properties file to define features. This file gets automatically downloaded by Spring Boot and is used for application configuration.

3. Describe spring-boot-starter-parent?

It is a unique starter which adds jars to the classpath for easy Maven or Gradle dependency management.

4. What is Spring Boot dependency management?

You can explain that Spring Boot automatically manages configuration and dependencies without even stating the version for any of those dependencies.

5. Can you disable particular auto-configuration in spring boot? Explain how?

Yes, we can do that by

  • Using the exclude attribute of @EnableAutoConfiguration

@Configuration

@EnableAutoConfiguration(exclude={DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class})

public class CustomConfiguration {}

  • using the exclude attribute for @SpringBootApplication annotation

@SpringBootApplication(exclude= DataSourceAutoConfiguration.class)

public class CustomApplication {}

6. Can Spring Boot also be used to create non-web applications?

Yes, Spring Boot supports the development of both web and non-web applications. We need to remove web dependencies from the classpath and the application context to create a non-web application.

Also Read: Javascript Interview Questions

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Spring Boot Advanced Interview Questions

The following list contains some of the advanced Spring Boot interview questions for 10 years experience. It includes both Spring Boot interview questions for 5 years experience as well as Spring Boot interview questions for 7 years experience. 

1. How can you check the environment properties in a Spring Boot application?

Ans: Spring Boot is loaded with a built-in mechanism that can be used to set the different target environments. You can set a Spring profile with the same environment name. However, before doing so, you first need to define the application environment.properties file in the resources/main directory. After you have completed these two steps, the environment file will then be automatically loaded. 

2. What do we mean by an IOC container?

Ans: Yet another very common Spring Boot interview questions for 10 years experience is the meaning of IOC container. Well, IOC container refers to the framework which is responsible for the implementation of automatic dependency injection. It serves quite a few purposes, such as injecting dependencies into a class and managing object creation and its lifeline. Whenever you need to create an object of a specified class, an IOC container is used. Furthermore, it is also responsible for injecting all the dependency objects during run time and disposing of the same at the appropriate time. Thus, you no longer need to create or manage objects manually. 

3. Can you please explain Spring Boot Dependency Management?

Ans: This one right here is perhaps one of the most important and frequently asked Spring Boot interview questions for 5 years experience. Spring Boot is responsible for managing dependencies and configuration in an automated manner. Spring Boot provides its users with a list of dependencies that it can support. You can further use this list in maven. However, while doing so, you need to at least specify the version of the dependencies. Every time you update the Spring Boot version, it automatically updates all the other dependencies. 

4. How can you create a login page in Spring Boot?

Ans: Here is another example of very frequently asked Spring Boot advanced interview questions. In order to create a simple login page in Spring Boot, you need to seek the help of Spring security. Spring security is responsible for securing all HTTP endpoints which is essential for all the users, since they have to login into the default HTTP form that is provided by Spring. Furthermore, there are also a few other steps you need to keep in mind, such as adding spring-boot-starter-security dependency in build.gradle. You will also be provided with a default username and password which you can then use for logging in. 

5. What is the procedure for creating a non-web application in Spring Boot?

Ans: Creating a non-web application or a Spring Boot standalone application is quite easy, and only involves a few steps. You need to first ensure that your application has properly implemented the CommandLineRunner interface and its Run method, essential for the running of your application. The run-method is one of the main tools of your non-web application. 

With these, we come to an end to some of the most common Spring Interview questions for 10 years experience. Hopefully, this has cleared all your doubts regarding this Java-based framework and its top features. 

Conclusion

Get interview ready and get your dream job with these Spring Boot interview questions and answers created by our industry experts’ team. 

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1. What are some of the disadvantages of using Spring Boot?

Some of the common drawbacks of Spring Boot to keep in mind is its complexities. While working with Spring Boot, converting legacy to a full-fledged Spring Boot app could take up your time. Secondly, Spring Boot’s flexibility with large-scale projects isn’t suitable in the long run. As a developer, if you wish to choose Spring Boot to create monolithic apps, you will be disappointed. Finally, Spring Boot’s lack of control could multiply dependencies that could result in the execution of massive deployment data.

2. Which one out of Spring Boot and Django is better?

Django stands out as an open-source web framework built in Python, and its extended use could be identified in the ORM, Migration, and MVC Monolitich Programming. Furthermore, Django is famous for providing support to database servers, scheduling, permissions, configurations, and roles. Once you gain command over Python and master it, you can get a grip of Django. On the other hand, Spring Boot is used for web development frameworks based out of Java. It is often called an opinionated framework since it assumes what the user needs beforehand. Compared to Spring Framework, Spring Boot is a convenient choice to make. Many other factors could be listed out, but it eventually depends on what works best for you.

3. Will the demand for Spring Boot continue to grow?

Ever since introducing microservice architecture, Spring Boot has attained the limelight. Mainly, Microservice architecture help in enhancing monolithic apps and their micro-segments. As a result, it became easy for Spring Boot to bring services at a faster pace. The auto-configuration feature of Spring Boot offers multiple components and helps create applications that are easy to deploy on on-premise servers. Additionally, Spring Boot is scalable, giving it all the more reason to stay in high demand. All of this could ultimately mean that Spring Boot’s future growth is immense.

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