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Robot Framework Interview Questions & Answers [For Freshers & Experienced]

The robot framework has a fascinating name. It is rare for it to strike you at first glance the real use of this framework. You might think that this framework is perhaps used to make robots or help with making robots a reality. If you roll with this answer, you will not be far from the truth; however, this is not the correct use case for the robot framework.

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Yes, it is a framework that helps humans in a real robot because it is an open-source automation framework. It allows the developers to set up automatic tests and help in doing RPA ( better known as robot framework automation). 

This Robot framework’s support is on the rise because many major tech firms are using this to help their software developers build and test out their cutting and bleeding-edge computing solutions. The open-source nature allows this framework to be highly flexible, and thus it can be integrated with almost any other tool or platform to create something compelling. Since each line of code written in this framework is open source, anyone can use this framework in their projects.

The syntax you will inevitablybe used to integrate the robot framework into your project is also straightforward to use and understand. The functions which are encapsulated in this module are written in a very human-friendly way, so even someone who has limited technical background can use them and do wonders. This framework’s capabilities are extended into Java and python’s programming languages in the form of a code library. The robot framework has an entire ecosystem that is built around it, which includes code and tools, all of which, when combined, really make for a highly capable automation framework. 

Now that we have seen the wide variety of use cases and we have got the basic definition of this framework instilled in our minds. The time is right to discuss the practicality of using this framework. With the passing time, more companies are picking up this framework to make their testing and troubleshooting phase easier. So, suppose you are in the market for a job in the sector of software engineering or anything pertaining to the creation of any computing solution.

In that case, there is a big chance that your knowledge of the robot framework could be the crucial differentiating feature between you and the rest of your competition. Since we are talking about the field of technology where new and more powerful things are being created daily, it then becomes the onus of anyone looking to work in this sector (or the ones already working in this sector) to keep on learning new things.

Keeping all of that in mind, we have done our research to provide you with some fascinating and useful robot framework interview questions that should help you broaden your knowledge and help you get the job you always wanted.

However, one side note is that to make the most out of these robot framework interview questions and answers, it is advised that you should not look at the answer directly. Try to first solve the question by yourself and see the solution only to cross-check or when you are completely dumbfounded about the solution to that particular problem.

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Robot Framework Interview Questions

Q1. What are the names of all the file formats which are supported in the Robot framework?

Ans. In Robot Framework, we usually use the files which are written in basic text format (usually written in the .robot form-, or in the format of .txt), or we can also use the files written in the Tab separated format or TSV. The data written in the plain text format can then be embedded into the reStructured text format files.

The plain text format is the foundation for all the supported robot framework data formats. The test data can be parsed. The data can be parsed line by line. Also, the single-line arguments and keywords are separated by a keyword. Space separator is one of the most used separators. 

In the TSV file, all the data is stored in one large table. The TSV files can be tested in the spreadsheet programs. The syntax of TSV is simple that can be generated easily programmatically. TSV is easily editable using normal text editors. These kinds of robot framework interview questions can be asked.

Q2. What is the place where we can import all the keywords which we use in the Robot framework?

Ans. All the keywords we use in the robot framework can be imported from various code libraries or files with resources. You can also create keywords on your own if you take the keyword table’s help present in the file containing the test case.

One of the libraries is BuiltIn which is a Robot Framework’s standard library. Some of the generic keywords can be found here. This can be imported automatically.

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Q3. What is the meaning of the test setup, and what do you mean by teardown? Explain with the help of some examples.

Ans. The test setup, as the name might suggest something that is used to set up the testing conditions, so obviously, the test setup phase comes before the test’s execution. Now, for Teardown, again, the name indicative enough of all which might be done in this process. Teardown usually is executed after the test case has finished its run time. In the paradigm of the Robot framework, both test and teardown are nothing but keywords, and they can be used with their proper arguments. 

Let us take an example now. Let us say that you are trying to open a browser before the test case actually begins, you will be using the test case, and if you wanted to close the browser when the test case is finished, then you would be using the teardown. 

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Q4. Would you be able to control the speed at which the test cases are executed in the selenium library? 

Ans. Yes, we actually have a great degree of control while using the selenium extension or code library. You will be able to set the speed at which the test cases are executed just by using the keyword Speed keyword.

This can be one of the common robot framework questions and can also be answered in the following way. Selenium test is used to increase the testing process. There are choice sof using different types of waits, locators, browser preferences in the Selenium tests. It is advised to focus on bettering the Selenium tests from start instead of waiting for the end process. 

Some of the famously used web locators in Selenium are-

  1. XPath
  2. Name
  3. CSS Selector
  4. ClassName
  5. TagName

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Q5. Let us say that we are doing the test case, which is more keyword oriented than using actual data to do the test case. We are not satisfied with the performance of the test case, which primarily uses the keyword. Seeing this, we feel like we need to convert the keyword driven test case into a data driven test case. How will you manage that? Give an example.

Ans. There are specific libraries that come bundled in with the robot framework, and the name of such a library is the standard library. Now, the standard library contains a lot of code that is specifically written to test out and automate software. All the standard libraries can be imported in the same way in which you import any other code library into your program.

The only thing which you will have to note is that you do not need to install these libraries separately. These libraries are actually extraordinary. The reason is straightforward: you can use these standard libraries’ keywords because they are always available. The names of specific libraries that are standard are Collections, DateTime, Dialogs, OS, ScreenShot, XML, etc. 

Read: Must Read 30 Selenium Interview Questions & Answers

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Q6. Name the three different types of variables that are available in the robot framework?

Ans. The three types of variables that are present in the robot framework are, Scalar variable, List variable, and last but not the least dictionary variable.

This is one of the basic robot framework interview question aked during the interviews. SO while answering this question, one should go a step further and elaborate on these types of variables. 

Scalar variable- It is a variable holding a single value at a time. It is a single component assuming the range of numbers.It ca n be used to store the strings, objects, lists, etc.

List variable- It has the array of values. The contained values are stored in the square brackets that are separated by comma. 

Dictionary variable- Index as an argument can be passed in the dictionary variables. They are somewhat similar to list variables. The dictionary variables can be stored in key-value pairs. 

Q7 What is the name of dependency which you will have to use if you would want to install and use the RIDE editor?

Ans. The name of the dependency and the package which you have to use to install and run RIDE editor is wxPython and pywin32. 

These kinds of  interview questions for robot framework should be answered strategically. These types of short answers can be accomodated with follow up information elaborating the concept.

For example, wxPython is a wrapper for the class platform GUI API. It is implemented as an extension module of Python. It is a free open-source software having permissive licenses.It has many advantages such as having good designs.On the other hand, pyiwn32 is a very thin wrapper of python that facilitates interaction with COM (Component Object Model)  objects and automation of Windows applications.This can also be asked during the interview in the context of python robot framework interview questions.

Q8. What do you mean by a Jenkins Freestyle Project?

Ans. This is a fundamental question when it comes to robot framework interview questions; however, it is imperative. As you rise up in the corporate ladder over to the company that hired, you will realize that Jenkins’s project is a crucial element. Jenkins’s project is nothing but a string of jobs that can be repeated very quickly to achieve similar results, and these steps also contain the actions that have to be followed once the build is complete.

You will find all the standard features that you would need to flesh out your project. Some essentials like the ability to build and configure triggers, to security for the entire project, you can even parameterize your entire project.

Jenkins allows he users to automate the tasks an focus their energy in being productive for other tasks.  The task automation can be performed in running tests, creating applications, packaging applications, etc. It can be utilised to perform the repeatable tasks, not only in the pre-build steps but takes care of the post-build steps as well.

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There are various advantages to the Jenkins Freestyle Project, such as-

  1. Open- Source Tool
  2. Easy to install
  3. Cost free
  4. Various plugins

With the aid of Jenkins, the organisations can focus on developing better softwares. Also, the feature of plugins allows the scope for better involvement of different DevOps stages. 

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Q9. What do you mean object locators in the selenium library?

Ans. The answer to this robot framework interview questions is as follows. There are a number of locators that you can find in the selenium library, which can be used to accurately determine the location of any GUI element on the screen. There are many different types of locators that are present in the selenium IDE. The names of these object locators are ID, Name, Class, LinkText, etc.These are easy to test tools used during Selenium Tests. IDE stands for Integrated Development Environment. 

To reiterate, whenever during  interview questions for robot framework are asked that has one word answers, they should be facilitated by extra information. 

ID- It is used to locate the elements during the ID attribute. 

Name- It is used to locate the elements duing the name attribute.

Class- it is used to locate the elements during the class attribute.

Tag Name- It is used to locate the elements using the HTML tag.

Link Text- It is used to locate the elements using link text.

CSS- It is used to locate the elements using the CSS selector.

XPath- It is used to locate the elements using the XPath query.

Partial Link Text-  It is used to locate the elements using the link’s partial text.

Q10. What is the keyword you will use to register a mouse hover over the event on any web element?

Ans. The keyword you will use to identify a mouse over any web element is the Mouseover, a keyword found in the Selenium2Library. The Mouseover, triggers the mouse over event. This is very useful in the web designing and GUI (Graphical User Interface). The mouse over event occurs when the cursor enters the element.

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What is keyword in Robot Framework?

Robot tests are built on the keywords. These generic keywords are provided by the robots. Two types of keywords that are used in robot framework are- Library Keywords User Defined Keywords The library keywords come from the library that we import from the robot framework. Whereas the user defined keywords are created to perform a particular action in the test case.

What is robot framework in testing?

Robot Framework is an open-source automation test automation framework. It is conducted for acceptance testing, acceptance test driven development (ATDD). The testers can automate the important tasks and focus more on developing the softwares.

What is scalar variable in Robot Framework?

It is a variable holding a single variable and single unit. This single component assumes the rangeof numbers. It can be used to store strings, objects, lists, etc.

Is Robotic Framework hard?

It is not difficult to code in the robotic framework. It is easy to learn and easy to use.

What are the limitations of Robot Framework?

Some of the challenges of Robot Framework are mentioned below- File handling Email Assertions Asserting with background colors

Why do we need Robot Framework?

Robot Frameowrk is done to initiate the automation of tasks. There are various advantages to Robot Framework such as support to external libraries, open-source tools, automation, etc.

Is robot framework good for API testing?

Yes, robot framework is good for automated testing. It verifies the database, automates the testing, an dcan procure various available libraries.

Can we use BDD with robot framework?

BDD stands for Behviour Driven Development. Yes, the robot framework supports testing for BDD. BDD testing framework includes Cucumber and SpecFlow that enables in defining the application behaviour as human readable text.

What exactly is Robot Framework?

Robot Framework is a Python-based test automation framework, which essentially means it is a set of guidelines that are used for the designing and creation of test cases. It uses a keyword-driven testing approach. This means that you will be using keywords for creating your tests. For example, when doing test automation on browsers, you will find keywords like “open browser”, “input text”, “close browser”, and so on. For more information, you can check out the official website of Robot Framework and learn how to install it on your computer.

What are the advantages and drawbacks of Robot Framework?

It has a minimal threshold, in that only a basic knowledge of programming is required for people to use it since it is a keyword-driven framework. Robot framework can be used on both web and mobile platforms. Robot framework also allows parallel running, with the use of pabot (pabot.org). It produces high quality reports automatically without having to additionally enter commands. As for the drawbacks, there are a few difficulties when the product sometimes crashes in “text editor” mode. This framework also does not support already existing libraries, so you have to create your own.

What if I don’t know the answer to a question?

In case you don’t know the answer to a question, don’t panic. Try to take a moment to calm down and recollect what you know about Robot framework. Try to remember what the user guide looks like to spark your imagination. Linking the question to concepts you know might lead you to the answer. You can also ask the interviewers to expand on the question asked. The important thing is that they know you tried to figure out the answer. You could even get back to the interviewers later on to let them know what you found after looking up the answer.

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