Prerequisite for Machine Learning: It’s Not What You Think It Is

Currently, Machine Learning is one of the most sought after technology. If you’re a novice in this subject, then you must know the prerequisites for Machine Learning. Before getting started, it’s important you understand different concepts and different types of machine learning that are going to help you out in this field.

What is Machine Learning?

Machine Learning is a subset of Artificial Intelligence and is the scientific study of algorithms and statistical models used by computer systems. They use it further to perform a specific task with the help of patterns and inference of data.

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The primary aim is to allow computers to learn automatically, with no human intervention or assistance. It should also be able to adjust and adapt to actions accordingly. 

Applications of Machine Learning

We are moving towards automation and artificial intelligence to be more efficient. Therefore, there is a lot of scope in terms of Machine Learning and its applications. 

Here are a few of them:

1. Image Recognition

One of the most common uses of Machine Learning is when it implied for face detection in an image. There is a separate category for each individual in a database. You can also use Machine Learning for character recognition for handwriting or printed letters.  

2. Medical Diagnosis

It can be used in techniques and tools that are going to help in the diagnosis of diseases. With the help of analysis of clinical parameters, prediction of disease progression is made. From here, you can have a medical opinion in terms of the therapy planning of the patient, along with monitoring.

3. Financial Sector

Machine Learning is the driving force for the popularity of services that the financial sector provides. It helps banks and other institutions to make smarter decisions. With the help of Machine Learning, you can predict an account closure beforehand.  

Click to read more about the machine learning applications.

Prerequisite for Machine Learning

Since we now have a better understanding, we can talk about Machine Learning prerequisites:

  1. Statistics, Calculus, Linear Algebra and Probability

   A) Statistics contain tools that are used to get an outcome from data. 

  • Transforming raw data into valuable information, descriptive statistics are used.
  • Inferential statistics are used to get information from a sample of data without using the complete data set.

When it comes to prerequisites to learn Machine Learning, this is high up on the list, as it does involve some basic maths. This lays down the core foundation of how information can be extracted from data at hand.

    B) Speaking of mathematics, Calculus also is a prerequisite of Machine Learning, and it plays an integral role in the algorithm. As data sets with multiple features are used to build learning models. Multivariable calculus plays a vital role in building a model of machine learning.

    C) Linear Algebra is dealing with matrices, vectors, and linear transformations. It is used in machine learning to perform operations and transform on datasets.

    D) As probability is used for prediction of the occurrence of an event, it helps you to reason the situation – as to why a certain event took place. Probability is a foundation in machine learning prerequisites.  

  2. Programming Knowledge

Being able to write code is one of the most important things when it comes to Machine Learning. You need to know languages such as Python and R to implement the process. 

Basic functions such as:

  • Defining and calling functions
  • Lists, sets, and dictionaries (assessing, iterating and creating)
  • for loops with multiple variable iterators
  • if/else conditional expressions
  • String formatting
  • Pass statement – for syntax

You should do a course in Python, to be specific. This will not only ease your process of learning this subject but also give a better understanding of data modeling.

  3. Data Modeling

It is a process of estimating the structure of the data set, and it is done to find any variations or patterns within. Machine Learning is also based on predictive modeling. Therefore, you need to know various properties of the data you have, in order to predict.

Learning iterative algorithms can result in errors in the set and model — a deeper understanding of how data modeling functions is a necessity. 


We focused on the prerequisites of machine learning in this article, and its applications as well. You need to have some understanding of maths – statistics, probability, linear algebra, and calculus, programming language, and data modeling. 

Machine Learning is a lucrative career to get into, but it requires a certain amount of practice and experience. It’s not a quest that can be done overnight. But if you have a look at machine learning salaries, then you will find the effort worth.

If you do meet these prerequisites for machine learning and wish to apply then here at upGrad, we have a comprehensive course. 

It is designed for working professionals, lasts 11 months, and you also get one-to-one with industry mentors. 

The minimum eligibility that is required is a Bachelor’s degree with a minimum of 1 year of work experience. Or a degree in Mathematics or Statistics. 

To get more information, click here to check out the Machine learning program..

PG Diploma in Machine Learning and AI

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