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Image Recognition Machine Learning: Brief Introduction

Last updated:
6th Nov, 2022
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Image Recognition Machine Learning: Brief Introduction

What Is Image Recognition Machine Learning?

Standing on the verge of the 21st century, technology is advancing rapidly, and the industry is enjoying the advantages of image recognition machines. Lights should be thrown on image recognition machine learning in adherence to machine vision which is the ability of software that helps to recognize places, objects, and actions occurring in images and writings. Image classification using machine learning is useful for multiple purposes.  

This particular tool is of immense value when it comes to labelling the images of content that includes autonomous robots that help in guiding along with image content search. Image recognition machine learning is also nowadays used for self-driving cars, which are also helping in the avoidance of accidents. 

Targeted advertising, smart picture libraries, media interactivity, enhancement of research incorporation of visually impaired current, along with further applications of image recognition with machine learning. Image recognition can also help in healthcare industries. With the power of analyzing medical images, doctors can easily suggest appropriate treatment as the symptoms of the diseases can be identified. 

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Models For Machine Learning

The machine learning model is nothing but a mathematical representation of the world as we visualize it, that is, the real world. The learning algorithms always find patterns during training data in such a manner that the parameters are input or not to the target. The machine learning model is the output of this training process that uses predictions. 

  • Regularization Algorithms
  • Regression algorithms
  • Decision tree algorithms
  • Instance-based algorithms
  • Clustering algorithms
  • Deep learning algorithms
  • Artificial neural network algorithms
  • Bayesian algorithms

Classification Of Images In Image Recognition Machine Learning

Grouping pixels into distinctive classes is a process of image classification. It is a part of image recognition machine learning and is referred to as the labelling of images into a predefined category. Image classification using machine learning incorporates object detection, image sensors, image preprocessing, object segmentation, object classification and feature extraction. There are a number of approaches that can be used when it comes to image classification. 

  • Sub-pixel classification
  • Supervised classification
  • Hard classification
  • Parameter classification
  • Unsupervised classification
  • Pre-pixel classification
  • Nonparametric classification

Object Detection In Image Recognition Machine Learning

In the case of texting objects of a specific class, object detection is used in image recognition. The main aim of object detection is to figure out instances of an object that are categorized from the faces of people, trees, cars, buildings, and so on. It is used in computer vision tasks incorporating video objects, face recognition, and face detection. In addition, object detection is also used in the case of tracking objects like a football match with the ball being tracked or in a cricket tournament where the bat is tracked.

Moreover, object detection is also used in the case of tracking a moving person in a video. There are a number of ways in which object detection can be carried forward. 

  • Deep learning approaches
  • Machine learning approaches

Object detection is used in every other industry, beginning from personal security to surveillance, retrieval of images, automatic cars, machine infections, and so on. A few applications of object detection are:

  • Real-time object detection
  • Emotion detection
  • Verification of Identity with the help of iris code
  • Medical imaging
  • Automatic cars
  • Recognition of optical characters
  • Tracking objects
  • Face detection
  • Face recognition
  • Tracking of the ball in sports

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Industries Where Image Recognition Machine Learning Is Used

Image recognition machine learning is one of the useful means that has benefited many industries and taken technology to another level. Several industries enjoy the benefits of image recognition, as discussed in the section below. 

Packaging inspection

The pharmacy packaging system has developed a solution to resolve the issue of counting tablets or capsules before packing them in the container. With the help of a computer version, it will also be possible for the pharmaceutical industries to learn the count of the tablet or capsules and to figure out whether the tablets are broken or not. Pictures of the tablets that easily get transferred into computers where with the help of software that can analyse the tablets and their condition.


Machine learning is also used to monitor data by using sensors in order to collect and identify and correct the actions before the components get broken. 


With the help of cameras and videos, analytics can have deep insights when it comes to safety. Artificial intelligence has successful security and has been able to improve security systems. With the help of image recognition, it has become possible to avoid dangerous circumstances. This has also resulted in the reduction of criminal activities in businesses, homes and municipalities. Video analytics also use this feature to detect events, recognize license plate numbers and count people. 

Reduction Of Defects

Image recognition also contains features that help identify defects and store the images. When objects are in the production line, these defects are easily classified by their type. 


When it comes to healthcare industries, image recognition is a widely used method in pathologies for the identification of cancerous lesions. 

Digital Marketing

Digital marketing has also benefited from image recognition machine learning as it has helped effectively to gain customer insights. 

Customer Service And Social Media Marketing

When it comes to social media marketing and customer service, with the help of artificial intelligence, it has become possible to learn about a particular product or a particular server and provide an immediate solution if any problem arises. 

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Brief Note On Deep Learning Image Classification

When it comes to deep learning image classification, one must remember that it is a type of machine learning and a part of artificial intelligence. Machine learning is about computers capable of performing explicitly, beginning by gathering information from videos or images. 

Besides, deep learning image classification is a certified approach designed specifically after the human brain to tackle various challenges. It generates immediate results and requires little human help once its program is placed. 

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There are several differences between machine learning and deep learning, as follows:

  • Deep learning is complex but requires minimal intervention from humans than machine learning. 
  • Deep learning image classification requires more powerful resources and hardware to run than machine learning. 
  • Deep learning image classification requires more time to set up it can generate results immediately than machine learning that can be set up in lesson time. 
  • Deep learning image classification includes neural networks. It has been built to figure out unstructured data in larger volumes. 
  • Instead of using banks or email inboxes like machine learning, deep learning is used in robots, self-driving cars and so on.

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In A Nutshell

Computers can now combine technology with the camera and artificial intelligence to achieve image recognition using machine learning. Machine learning is one of the most exciting subdivisions of artificial intelligence. Moreover, the emerging capacity machines to unlock the impossible are awestruck. For image recognition 3D models, different angles appear by using various components. Image recognition algorithms are often pre-labelled pictures that are potentially guided by computer learning. Therefore the help of image recognition machine learning in computers empowered us to get a deeper insight into the world as we do. 

Image Recognition Machine Learning And UpGrad

If you are looking for the best courses that will help you in associating with deep learning, then you can always select UpGrad’s Executive PG Programme in Machine Learning and AI, which is associated with 15+ industry projects along with multiple programming tools in the advancing field of ML and AI.

Sign up today to enjoy 6000+ hours of learning, guidance from skilled up faculty with workshops for coding classes and profile building, creation of portfolios on websites that will help in boosting your career!


Pavan Vadapalli

Blog Author
Director of Engineering @ upGrad. Motivated to leverage technology to solve problems. Seasoned leader for startups and fast moving orgs. Working on solving problems of scale and long term technology strategy.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1Does image recognition uses a neural network?

Yes, image recognition uses a neural network.

2What are the industries that are benefited from image recognition machine learning?

A number of industries, including the healthcare industry, safety and security industry, packaging industry, and so on, benefitted from image recognition machine learning.

3What are the possible job opportunities?

Data scientist, data engineer, machine learning engineer, and MLOps Engineer are the possible areas of work.

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