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Bayesian Linear Regression: What is, Function & Real Life Applications in 2021

What Is A Linear Regression?

Linear regression attempts to show the connection between two factors by fitting a direct condition to noticed information. One variable is viewed as an illustrative variable, and the other is viewed as a needy variable. For instance, a modeller should relate loads of people to their statues utilising a straight relapse model.

Now the next step is to know what the Bayesian linear equation is and how it can be calculated to get the desired result.

Now, What Is The Bayesian Linear Equation?

So, when we talk about Bayesian regression methods, we know that it is a very powerful method because they provide us with the entire distribution over regression parameters. In order to calculate inadequate data or unequal distributed data, Bayesian Linear Regression provides a natural mechanism.

You can place a prior on the coefficients so that if the data is absent, the prior can take the place of data. Statistical analysis is conducted under the conditions of Bayesian interface in Bayesian linear regression in statistics.

We use probability distribution instead of point estimates to devise linear regression.

The output is achieved from a probability distribution, rather than usual regression techniques. The goal of Bayesian linear regression is to find Posterior instead of model parameters.

Model parameters are supposed to occur from a distribution.

The posterior expression is

Posterior= (Likelihood*Prior)/Normalization

The above equation is similar to Bayes’  Theorem, which is

 

 

 

Source

Real-life Application Of Bayesian Linear Regression

According to the following graphs, Linear regression and Bayesian regression can generate the same predictions.

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In the last graph, we can assume that if the predictive distribution is inside the thick colour, then the density of data is high and if it is in the scarce area the density can be considered as low.

Let’s talk about the advantage of Bayesian Regression:

  • With the help of Bayesian processing, we can retrieve the complete variety of inferential solutions instead of a point estimate.
  • It works efficiently with the small size of the dataset.
  • It is very suitable for the online form of learning, whereas, in the form of batch learning, we have the whole dataset.
  • It is a very powerful and tested approach.

Now, let’s talk about the disadvantage of Bayesian linear regression.

  • It does not work efficiently if the dataset contains a huge amount of data.
  • The conjecture of the model can be time-consuming.

Read: Linear Project Ideas & Topics

Conclusion

So, we can see what a powerful method Bayesian linear regression is. Many advantages can be taken with Bayesian linear regression and is one of the natural mechanism to calculate insufficient or poorly distributed data.

A Bayesian viewpoint is an instinctive form of seeing the world. To its frequent counterpart, Bayesian Inference can embellish a very convenient substitute. It is used in various fields like data-science, machine learning, and many more. It helps in building various models with the help of which we can solve many problems.

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