Autoregressive Model: Features, Process & Takeaway

Future prediction often requires a technical base. In the practical world, analysts predict future values based on past values of a commodity or trend in the market. In a statistical model, it is termed an autoregressive if it is capable of predicting future values given a series of factual data of past values.

For example, an autoregressive model might be engaged to derive a stock price in the future, based on its past performance. Analysts only use past data as input to model the behaviour.

Therefore, the prefix “auto” (the Greek meaning, “self” ) is used in the name autoregressive. AR models are also named conditional models, transition models, or Markov models.

About Autoregressive (AR) Model

In statistics, econometrics, or even image processing, the autoregressive (AR) model is considered a type of random process. Meaning, it is used to illustrate statistics of a series of definite time-varying events in nature, economics, etc.

Practically, in time-series, similarities between past and present values are observed. This implies the scope of autocorrelation within such data. For example, by knowing the stock price today, we can often make a rough forecast about its valuation tomorrow. This indicates the correlation, the aspect the autoregressive model is based on.

The Autoregressive (AR) model is one of the forecasting models built on regression methods. The multiple regression models will forecast a variable using a linear combination of predictors; whereas the autoregressive model uses a combination of past values the variable possesses. Unlike Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ADL) models, the AR models are based on serial correlations between the entities in a time series.

Therefore, Autoregression (AR) is a time series model. The autoregressive model is meant to predict future values based on the values in the past events. It uses input data from observations of previous steps, and using the regression equation predicts the value at the next time step. This model can result in accurate forecasts on a range of time series problems.

It’s commonly making use of the algorithm based on the correlations (serial correlation) derived within the values in a given time series and the values that lead and succeed them. The hypothesis that the past values affect current values makes the statistical technique useful for analyzing nature, such as weather, finance, e.g. economics, and other processes subjected to vary over time.

Read: Linear Regression Model

Salient Features

  • Autoregressive models help predict future values based on past values.
  • Autoregressive models are used in technical analysis to forecast future trends.
  • Autoregressive models are based on the theory that the future will resemble the past.
  • Time series data are data collected on the same observational unit at multiple periods.

The prediction is subject to volatile conditions, such as rapid technological surge, or in the case of financial domain, the market conditions influenced by financial crises, etc.

The AR Process

The process is a linear regression. It is the regression of the data within the current series of timelines versus values of past one or multiple in the same series.

In regression analysis, usually in “regular” linear regression, the outcome variable (Y) value at some point “t” in time, remains directly related to the predictor variable (X).

Here, simple linear regression and the AR models differ in the manner of Y remains dependent on X and also on the previous values for Y. Correlation analysis is a technique used to quantify the associations between two continuous variables.

The AR process is one of the stochastic processes. As per probability theory, it has degrees of uncertainty or some extent, randomness induced. The randomness implies you might predict future trends easily, well within the historical set of data. But you never be a cent percent accurate.

The process usually takes approximation and “close enough” to be relied on in most events.

AR Takeaway

Analysts in the industry often look forward to statistical techniques in forecast and prediction. The Autoregressive (AR) model related learning always helps professional analysts take Data Science and Data Analysis projects confidently. The training courses in the subject, by the providers such as upGrad, help take the journey ahead. The brand upGrad is an online higher education platform providing a vast range of industry-relevant programs ready to lead your professional success.

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