Python is a high-level object-oriented programming language with dynamic semantics developed by Dutchman Guido van Russom in 1991. Its high-level data structures along with the dynamic binding and dynamic typing make it ideal for Rapid Application Development and connecting existing components. Python scripting language is simple, and its syntax is easy to learn.
It emphasizes readability and has a low cost of maintenance. Python supports package and module based programming, encouraging code reuse. The extensive standard library and the Python interpreter are available in binary or source form free of cost.
Python can be used to build a vast range of applications including software, web applications, graphical user interface, network programming, and many more. Cuong Do, software architect of Google opines that “Python allows us to produce maintainable features in record times, with a minimum of developers”. TIOBE Index and PYPL Index have ranked Python scripting language as one the most popular languages in 2019, giving it the first and third position, respectively.
According to a survey by Python Software Foundation, 84% of programmers used Python as their primary language in 2019, up 5% from 79% in 2017.
Some of the top global companies that use Python are Wikipedia, NASA, Google, Quora, IBM, Yahoo, Instagram, and Pinterest. It is the scripting language for web applications. It can automate a set of tasks to make it more efficient. Hence Python is used in programs within a web browser, operating system shells and games.
Top Advantages of using Python Scripts
Python Is the top pick among programming languages in most universities and businesses. It creates limitless possibilities for users to create applications from scratch. According to TechRepublic, the Python Developer position was one of the most in-demand tech positions of 2019. There are several reasons to learn Python scripting. Here are the top ones:
1. Code is Simple to Read and Manage
A dynamic application must rest on a robust and powerful language that is simple to read, debug, update and manage. Python embodies these qualities plus frameworks and utilities.
Python’s structured code base enables quick updation and code maintenance for the developers. They can divert their valuable time for productive tasks rather than writing additional code.
Python’s syntax mostly uses English words making the code readable and flexible to suit the fluctuating customer demands. Even if the original developers are no longer in the project, the new ones can effortlessly read and comprehend the original code to incorporate new requirements.
2. Support for Many Programming Paradigms
Coders can write clean and logical code using Python scripting irrespective of the project size and scale. Since it supports multiple programming concepts, Python can be used to build even complex applications with ease. It supports:
This is based on procedures and patterns involving computational steps. The main objective of this method is to identify the program problems, break them down into smaller components and work to attain the main objective.
Object-oriented programming begins with planning and sketching the program. The objects, classes and functions are constructed, data fields and functions are built before the product development phase begins.
Here developers build all features in mathematical format involving solving complex expressions. The focus on functional programming is on the end result rather than the method of computation.
3. Compatible with Most Systems and Architectures
Python offers support for all popular architectures and operating systems. Python supports the following operating systems:
Windows, Linux, macOS, Solaris, NetBSD, OpenBSD, AIX, FreeBSD, Cygwin
Python supports the following architectures:
Intel x86, PPC64, ARMv7, s390x
The python script is executed line-after-line without a need to compile code written by humans into machine instruction first like other programming languages.
Python offers many advantages over other programming languages:
- It can be run on several platforms such as Windows, macOS, Linux and so on with just the Python installation on the machine. There is no need for recompilation of the program.
- Since it is executed line after line, it is easier to make modifications in Python code, run the altered code and immediately see the results. But other programming languages need to be re-compiled and redeployed after making the changes.
4. Huge Standard Library
Python boasts of a comprehensive standard library when compared to other languages. Its library consists of several modules, tools, and features that can be leveraged without writing extra lines of code. Developers need not worry about the ground-level details and can focus on the program logic. Code offered by the Python library is maintainable and reusable. It is also a well-optimized, rested, reliable code that can be used for any application.
5. No License needed
Being an open-source language, no licensing fees are essential to use Python making it the most popular choice of companies. It offers many tools, libraries and frameworks that notably bring down the development time and cost.
Some of the Python web framework examples are Flask, Pyramid, Django, Bottle and cherrypy. These frameworks quicken web application development.
Some of the Python GUI toolkit examples are PyQT, PyGUI, PyJs, and Kivy. These tools speed up desktop GUI application development.
6. Facilitates Data Visualization
Python scripting can be used to build applications for various domains such as web, desktop, and scientific applications. It has features that enable data visualization through graphical data representation and data analytics. The API’s and libraries of Python enable engineers to use it for Business Intelligence and data science needs. Customized solutions can be created through Python in Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Processing areas as well.
7. Follows Test-Driven Development
Python supports test-driven development methodology. It lets the developers test the design and code at each stage of development. The tests will validate the code function, decide the future design and other steps. Any error encountered during testing can be corrected, modified, and re-tested.
8. Data Science and AI
Data Science and Artificial Intelligence are the future of digital transformation and Python support these technologies. Data scientists use Python to conduct research in AI and Data Science. Users can directly run the application on any platform without compiling it into machine language which makes Python code to be easily interpreted by a virtual machine or an emulator. Python’s libraries Keras and TensorFlow support machine learning functionality. The OpenCV library aids in image recognition and computer vision.
9. Web Development
Python has a wide array of frameworks to support website application development. Some of the popular frameworks Django, Pylons and Flask enable stable and quick coding because their scripts are written in Python language. Python also helps the users to fetch information from other websites.
Python’s many applications allow it to integrate with programming languages. For instance:
- Iron Python is compatible with C# and .Net
- CPython is compatible with a version of C
- RubyPython can be combined with Ruby
- Jython is Python integrated with Java
- PyObjc is Python written with Objective C toolkits
Also Read: Python Project Ideas & Topics
The frameworks and language you choose for your application plays a key role in determining the fate and longevity of your product. They decide what features you can build into it, how much time it will take, who can build it and its validation in the market. This is what you will get if you choose Python as your programming language choice for building your applications:
- Faster time to market.
- Fewer errors in the code which means less bug fixing.
- Pre-determined solutions through libraries and open-source tools.
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