In the ever-evolving era of digital evolution and global connectivity, applications and software have become an integral part of our lives. Software is not just the base for the hardware to perform the input and output functions. In fact, it is the amalgamation of programming, documentation, and licensing.
Software engineering is a discipline of computer science that deals with the design and development of computer systems and applications software. Computer systems software is made up of applications that include operating systems and computer utilities. Web browsers, database programs, and other user-focused tools are examples of application software.
Software engineers apply engineering concepts to the design of software and have a deep understanding of programming languages, software development, and computer operating systems. Rather than designing single apps or programs, software engineers are often employed for large and complex software systems. Simply put, software engineers create software applications and are frequently involved in their development. However, development is only one part of the process.
Software engineers have a wide range of job opportunities in a world wherein applications and web development are becoming increasingly important. That might entail a wide range of job options for prospective software engineers. The day-to-day tasks of a software engineer involve:
Design new software to suit user requests
Maintain the old software
Evaluate the development and scalability of the new software
Optimize the software
Program the test product with proper coding
Manage software updates
Even though software engineering is a very complex field, there is a great scope in terms of gaining employment and getting an innovative job. As more and more companies are rebranding themselves to stay relevant by being tech-savvy, the need for trained and competent software engineers is growing.
A software engineering course will help you gain expertise that will help you achieve knowledge and practical skills for becoming a competent IT professional. As the need for software development increases, the job of a software engineer entails the following:
Programming: A website or an application requires a considerable amount of programming and coding because these codes will determine the output. As an engineer, you will be leading these programs.
Expense: As a software engineer, you also need to keep track of the hardware development and pricing by developing budget-friendly software with great functionalities.
Dynamics: The software world is very diverse and the dynamic nature of the client environment would require innovative programming from a software engineer.
Being a software engineer is an excellent career choice for someone who excels at analytical and problem-solving skills while also having a knack for computer science and technology. Software engineers have an innate ability to solve problems, are effective at collaborating with others, and are committed to seeing problems through to completion.
The software engineering course is perfect for people looking to advance their careers in the field of software development or for securing a job. Being a software engineer, you develop programs and software to ensure a smooth user experience and user interface.
Software engineering is not just about software development or maintaining the current software environment. If you have the following soft skills, you can easily opt for a software engineering degree:
You enjoy challenges and love to solve them
You are a team player and can mingle well with other professionals
You love to troubleshoot programs because you can identify the potential it has
A software engineering course is usually pursued after completing high school or 12th standard. Since it is an engineering course, one must appear in the joint entrance examination (JEE). There is no ideal time to pursue a software engineering course. In fact, anyone who wishes to gain better technical knowledge and add more computer skills to their resume can opt for a certification or diploma in software engineering.
Like any other course, software engineering is taught on different levels like undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctorate-level as Ph.D.
Being an engineering degree, the software engineering course would require you to have prior knowledge of core subjects like physics, chemistry, mathematics, and computer applications. You can also opt for a diploma course as well as an online certification.
The full-time software engineering course, as the name mentions, is taught as a regular degree course where you are required to attend classes that are counted in terms of credit hours. These credits are essential for graduating and getting the degree certification. The ideal degree is usually the Bachelor of Technology or B.Tech degree which is a four-year course. This is opted after passing class 12 and clearing the entrance examinations.
Those interested in learning more about the fundamentals of software design might enroll in a diploma or postgraduate diploma program. In most cases, Diploma and PG Diploma courses last between one and two years.
The training will assist computer professionals in improving their skills in software design and maintenance. There are various post-graduation courses like M.Tech, MSc, or ME in software engineering.
Diploma courses are also offered as full-time programs and these usually are two to three years programs. The diploma courses are generally more skill-oriented and are typically considered to be lesser than an undergraduate degree, but for working professionals, the diploma course is very useful.
The part-time software engineering course is offered on a longer duration basis and rightly so. Usually, when opting for the same credits as offered by the undergraduate or postgraduate degrees, the part-time course would take double the time in comparison to a regular course.
The part-time course is preferred by professionals who have already completed their bachelor’s degree and want to complete a specialization course or opt for a Ph.D. degree. The reason is that Master's or Postgraduate Diploma courses usually take about 2 years on a full-time basis and hence, the maximum duration for the part-time program for the same will be about four years.
While there are no such specific software engineering courses that take about one year to complete, you can aim for getting online diploma courses or even crash courses.
Crash courses are ideal for trained engineers who have prior work experience but would need to have specific skills that would be better suited for the current job. These include learning a specific programming language or brushing up on coding skills.
An online software engineering course is a certification course and takes about six months to be completed. These courses are primarily focused on developing more skills to improve your career prospects. However, nowadays, you can also opt for online bachelor’s degree programs.
You can even get degrees related to software engineering from various foreign universities, either by directly applying to the university website or through online education portals. The online software engineering degree has about 116 to 126 credits to offer.
The admission process for a software engineering course has eligibility criteria and some prerequisites. While these rules and conditions might differ based on the type of degree and college or university you are opting for, they all roughly remain the same across the country.
The essential skills that are required to become a software engineer are:
Analyzing technical documentation that requires an eye for details and sorting out complex pieces
Writing technical documentation with precision so that it could be understood at all levels.
Analyzing the requirements of the business.
Checking the existing architecture and database of the company and providing support.
Building software from scratch.
Having experience in working with source code. This also includes the ability to work on the version repository of the code.
Having strong knowledge of the various toolkits that are used for building software.
Having a working knowledge of frameworks and user interfaces.
Providing support to complex systems and software deployments.
Supporting other team members and engineers with their work on the software architecture or coding.
Having knowledge and experience with Ruby on Rails along with Java.
Providing proper communication, either verbally or in writing, to both sides of the product development and deployment teams.
Knowing everything about software, data structures, and operating systems like the back of one’s hand.
Creating design concepts and entity-relationship diagrams or ERDs from the requirements charted by clients.
Troubleshooting and debugging the software throughout its lifecycle.
The postgraduate degree requires you to successfully complete the undergraduate degree with the prerequisite marks. There are entrance examinations like GATE or Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering to secure a place in the master’s degree course.
The diploma courses too require you to pass state-level entrance examinations along with having a minimum of 60% marks in your higher secondary board examinations.
The admission process for the software engineering courses begins right after the higher secondary board examinations are conducted. The institutes that offer degrees and diplomas in software engineering have their own set of criteria for admission. Some institutes may ask students to appear in their entrance examinations while others accept the common entrance test or CET test results. The dates of these examinations are provided on the website portals of these entrance examinations. In case you are looking for the doctoral examinations, you need to sit for any one of the following tests:
The postgraduate or Master’s degree in software engineering can be opted once you have successfully completed your undergraduate degree course. To be eligible to sit in the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE), you need to secure about 60% in your B.Tech.
Admission into the software engineering courses is offered only after you have successfully passed the national or state-level entrance examinations. You also need to secure good scores for pursuing a diploma degree. In case you opt for a certain specialisation certification, you can study software engineering without an entrance examination. But, these certifications require you to already have a degree in software engineering.
The syllabus for the software engineering course depends on the type of degree you are opting for. For the Bachelor of Technology or B.Tech degree, you will need to study for eight semesters, and thus, your syllabus will include:
Basic Engineering I
Biology for Engineers
Programming in C
Engineering Graphics or Workshop Practice
Basic Engineering II
Digital Computer Fundamentals
Data Structures and Algorithms Lab (C & C++)
Computer Organisation and Architecture
Data Structures and Algorithms
Software Engineering Principles
Probability and Queuing Theory
Operating Systems Lab
Software Development Lab
Software Project Management
Industrial Training I
Theory of Computation
Database Management Systems
Principles of Compiler Design
Software Testing Lab
Software Component Lab
Internet Programming Lab
Software Quality Management
Industrial Training II
Probability and Stochastic Process
Software Architecture and Testing
Research Methodology and Technical Communication
Software Quality Engineering
Advanced-Data Structures and Algorithms
Advanced Database Management System
Advanced Programming Lab
Advanced Technology Lab
Modelling and Verification Lab
Project-Part II (need to be an original contribution on the candidate’s part).
In order to become a software engineer, you need to have a good understanding of the following subjects:
Design and Analysis of Information Systems
Formal Language Theory
Computer Hardware and Networks
Distributed Applications Development
Mobile Web Components
Embedded Real-time Software Engineering
Software Quality and Standards
Enterprise Software Technologies
Cyber security analyst
Information systems manager
As a branch of Information Technology, cybersecurity involves tackling data breaches, damage, cyber attacks and the challenges posed by hackers. Our society is more technologically dependent than it has ever been, and this tendency shows no signs of slowing. The importance of cybersecurity is therefore increasing with every passing hour. Companies dealing with big data and personal information invest heavily in protecting the data by hiring cyber security engineers who ensure data security. Some of the responsibilities of a cyber security engineer are:
Evaluating, designing, implementing, maintaining, overseeing along with upgrading all security measures
Responding to all security breaches to the network and associated systems
Troubleshooting all network and security issues and incidents
Conducting routine penetration testing
In order to gain expertise as a cyber security engineer, you need to have an undergraduate degree in computer engineering or related disciplines. You also need to be adept at using programming languages and tools like C++, Java, Node, Python, Ruby, Go, or PowerShell.
A full-stack software developer is responsible for developing front-end and back-end technologies that cater to not only the server side but also to the client-side of the system. In the programming and computing world, a full-stack software developer is considered no less than a jack of all trades. A full-stack software developer is responsible for handling third-party libraries, building prototypes, and also building databases. Having a specialisation in full-stack software development after completing a software engineering course can help you land leadership roles in top companies. Some of the important tasks that a full-stack software developer performs are:
Writing back-end operations code
Monitoring the web architecture performances
Troubleshooting web applications issues and resolving them
Writing front-end operations codes while optimising the same
Dealing with clients
Discussing the game concept with the design team
Coding the game’s base engine
Generating the script of the game
Developing characters and themes
Creating new game levels and providing character animation
Developing game milestones and checkpoints
Troubleshooting the code to fix bugs and glitches in the game
Since practically all organisations use software, a job as a software engineer allows you to work in a variety of industries and professions. Whether you're interested in banking, entertainment, sports, real estate, or another field, software programmers are in high demand. Also, due to the rising reliance on mobile technology, venture capital-backed start-ups, the expanding complexity of technology, and developing industries, there is a lot of investment going into software engineering right now.
Hence, there appears to be no end to the demand for competent and qualified software engineers. It is estimated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) that from 2020 to 2030, there will be an increase of 22% in the jobs in the software engineering sector. A changing economic landscape fuels this demand, which is bolstered by the need for technical solutions. With billions of physical devices connected to the internet and collecting and sharing data around the world, all sectors are rapidly becoming technology-driven industries.
Another reason behind this soaring demand is because the use of a software engineer is no longer restricted to just tech companies. With software-driven processes gaining popularity, all businesses that rely on websites and applications have a team of data scientists and software engineers to keep the application and data collection process running smoothly
As the software engineering course is a technical field, you need to have science and computer application as your class 12th subjects. Even if you have not opted for computer applications, you can always make up for this by learning programming languages along with pursuing your bachelor's degree.
If you wish to get a bachelor's degree in technology, you need to sit for and pass the joint entrance examinations or JEE to gain admission to colleges and universities teaching software engineering. For the post graduation degree, you need to complete your undergraduate degree with good marks and take the GATE test. The test is tough and you need to be very sincere to make it to the successful candidates' list.
You can also opt for the bachelor of science or BSc degree in Computer Science. For this, most colleges only require a specific cut-off mark that you need to achieve in your 12th board examination.
Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Bombay
St. Xavier's College, Mumbai
Sardar Patel Institute of Technology
Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute - VJTI Mumbai
Thadomal Shahani Engineering College, TSEC Mumbai
Kolkata or Calcutta is another hub of quality education in India. The software engineering courses offered in the colleges in Kolkata are top-notch and the scope of getting a great job is also high. Some of the top software engineering colleges and universities in Kolkata are:
JIS University, Kolkata
Heritage Institute of Technology
University of Engineering and Management, Kolkata
Techno India, Kolkata
Chennai is considered to be one of the top tech cities in the country. While the city is known for its rich heritage and filter coffee, Chennai is a hub for e-publishing companies and offers an annual 6% growth in the software industry. In fact, software engineers are highly paid here when compared to other cities. Some of the top software engineering colleges and universities in Chennai are:
Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Madras
SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Ramapuram
Shiv Nadar University, Chennai
Vellore Institute of Technology, Chennai,
Rajalakshmi Engineering College
Bangalore is the IT and technology hub of the country. Startups and businesses have flourished in Bangalore. Being the Silicon Valley of India, Bangalore has a plethora of opportunities for a software engineering graduate. You can get hired by Google, Infosys, or Amazon once you graduate and have the required skills. Some of the top colleges and universities for software engineering courses in Bangalore are:
Rajalakshmi Engineering College, RIT Bangalore
Visvesvaraya Technological University affiliate New Horizon College of Engineering
University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering Bangalore
International Institute Of Information Technology - IIIT Hyderabad
Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Hyderabad
Hyderabad Institute of Technology and Management
This beautiful city in the state of Gujarat is known for its textiles and cultural amalgamation. But, Ahmedabad is also developing to become another IT hub in the country. There is good competition in this city as many IT companies are set up here and proficient people are highly preferred. Some of the top colleges and universities offering a software engineering degree in Ahmedabad are:
Institute of Technology, Nirma University
School of Engineering and Applied Science, Ahmedabad University
Vishwakarma Government Engineering College
Silver Oak University, Silver Oak College of Engineering & Technology
Developing to be the next IT hub of the country, Pune has pleasant weather and inexhaustible job opportunities that freshers and professionals cherish. Being close to Mumbai, the city not only boasts of having popular street food but also of the Marathi culture and traditions that are reflected in every nook. For a software engineer, there are many startups and flourishing tech companies to choose from. Some of the top colleges and universities for software engineering in Pune are:
College of Engineering, Pune
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Pune
MIT School of Engineering, MIT-ADT University
D.Y. Patil College of Engineering
While India does have some excellent colleges and universities that offer software engineering degrees, there is a limited amount of practical experience that students gain when compared to foreign universities. Here, we have jotted down some benefits of studying engineering abroad:
Another benefit of opting for a foreign degree is that they have pathway programs and summer school courses that work best in bridging educational gaps. These courses are also internationally recognized. Hence, if a student decided to work or pursue higher qualifications in America after studying in Spain or Germany, they can do so without any issues. Some of the best countries to study software engineering are:
The software industry developed late in the 1900s. While many foreign countries have made progress in harnessing the power of the software industry, India still lacks most of the practical skills that students from countries like the US or the UK learn as part of their education. There is a growing need for improving the educational quality that Indian colleges and universities offer to the students, given the fast-paced escalation in demand of software engineers.
Software engineering has a wide range of specialization-based jobs and the country is seeing a hike in professionals opting for either mobile software courses or java app development courses to further their career chances. The pandemic has played a vital role in this shift. With companies embracing complete digital work models, hiring in-house software engineers, data scientists, and machine learning engineers are the best option available.
Coming to the future of software engineering in India, Microsoft CEO, Satya Nadella has emphasised the importance of software engineering, especially cyber security, for Indian businesses and the revenue they can generate by correctly harnessing the power of innovative technology.
The salary for a software engineer is considered to be higher than other engineering degrees. The scope of work that the company requires is the major factor that determines the initial salary for any software engineer. In general, a freshly graduated software engineer can expect to make about INR 5.4 lakhs per annum. When specialisation in designated areas is considered, the salaries vary greatly.
Being a software engineer who graduated from a foreign university, you can expect to make higher earnings internationally when compared to the Indian graduates. This is primarily because a foreign degree is more internationally accepted and the course curricula are curated to highlight practical approaches. The median salary for an entry-level software engineer is around $77,710 per annum. This is roughly equivalent to INR 60 lakhs per annum.
For more information on software developer salaries abroad, visit our software developer salary abroad page.
Average Salary Hike
Restaurant finder is a basic application that finds restaurants on the basis of their names and shows their details such as timings and menu.
True Value Seller is a static car selling and reselling website. It showcases different promotions and has a ‘Contact Us’ component.
Mobile Cart is a simple frontend application which allows authorised users to add different mobile phones and their respective information on a website which can then be viewed by different users.
The project aims to create a Phone Directory application which allows a user to add subscribers to a service by entering the subscriber’s name and phone number; and delete the subscriber if necessary.
With this application, which is named BookMyMovie, users can browse upcoming and released movies;
HireWheels is a car rental service application.
A software engineering degree trains the students to create the software from scratch. This includes developing the architecture of the software, the build, the programming, and the need of a business. On the other hand, a software programming course primarily focuses on developing functional codes for software.
Being a software engineer means you need to work with programming computer software in ways so that the program can understand the input and provide the desired output. This is possible when you know the language of the computers. Currently, as a software engineer you should have a proper hold on at least 5 out of the following programming languages:
IoT or the Internet of Things deals with how devices interact with each other via sensors. When sensors are installed in a device and connected with software, you can remotely control the device. The gyroscope sensor present in a mobile phone acts as a compass. With software engineering, IoT devices are also used as data collection devices that are further used to duplicate real-world situations.
No, all game developers are not software engineers. Game development can be treated as an undergraduate program. But, software engineering can lead to a student taking up game development as a specialization.
Being an advanced degree, the subjects taught in the MTech software engineering course are:
The software development life cycle consists of primarily six parts. The first part is planning and analysing the project. Stage two deals with understanding the requirements for developing the software. Stage three deals with the designing of the project architecture. Stage four focuses on building the product. Stage five deals with testing the software. Stage six is about deploying the product and routine maintenance.
As software engineering teaches a student a wide range of subjects, there are many roles that a software engineer can easily play. These roles are:
As the master in technology or MTech for software engineering is an advanced degree, the syllabus is:
Some of the best online software engineering crash courses to consider are:
Mathematics is an essential part of software engineering. The basic mathematical coursework includes:
After completing the undergraduate degree, you start as a junior software engineer. The career path that progresses from this is:
Software engineering applies to any business that relies on the internet and software to maintain their business. Online businesses, app-based businesses, and even data collection sectors require software engineering. Some examples are:
The top companies that not only actively hire software engineers but also pay handsomely are:
Pros and cons depending upon the student. Ideally, a software engineering degree is loaded with opportunities and career progression pathways. But, it is a tough degree and the initial days as a professional can be stressful. But, if you enjoy the work then there are no such cons to becoming a software engineer.
If you decide to become a Java developer after completing your software engineering course, you can expect to make about INR 5 lakh to 7 lakh per annum. Your primary task will be to develop and deploy Java applications.
Companies that pay well always lookout for additional skills that the software engineer has. These skills include the practical knowledge of:
If you wish to study further and attain a Ph.D. in software engineering, you can consider these colleges:
After completing a course in software engineering, you have a plethora of career options to choose from. Some of the career paths that you can choose are:
In terms of paying their software engineers well, these companies top the list:
Software engineers can work from home or opt to work remotely. This is mainly done on a freelance basis for most companies that require full-time employees to be on-site to avoid miscommunication.