HomeBlogDigital MarketingHow to do CRO? Step by Step Guide, Strategies & Best Practices

How to do CRO? Step by Step Guide, Strategies & Best Practices

Read it in 7 Mins

Last updated:
21st May, 2020
In this article
View All
How to do CRO? Step by Step Guide, Strategies & Best Practices

When it comes to digital marketing, as necessary it is to draw prospective customers to your business website, it is equally essential that more and more website visitors are converted into paying customers. Not just that, once the customers have made their first transaction, you have to make sure that they keep coming back for repeated buying. 

This is where the Conversion Rate Optimization strategies take center stage. By running an effective CRO campaign, you will not only make most of your website visitors enter the conversion funnel, but also fuel the accelerated growth of your business.

This article will help anyone looking to improve and optimize conversion rates on their websites. 

What is a conversion?

A website goal can be of many types, and “conversion” is a generalized term used when a website visitor completes a site goal. If you use your website to promote and sell products, then your principal aim is for the user to purchase one or more products; this is an example of a macro-conversion. Before a macro-conversion is achieved, there may be smaller or micro-conversions involved, such as the user adding a product to the cart, creating a user account or signing up to receive emails. By learning digital marketing tutorials one can get familiar with CRO. 

Ads of upGrad blog

What is the conversion rate?

A site’s conversion rate is the number of times a goal is completed by a user divided by the website traffic. When a user completes specific site goals and converts in each visit (say, makes a purchase), then the number of conversions is divided by the number of times the user visited the website (sessions) to get the conversion rate. There is no specific standard or benchmark for a good conversion rate, and it varies, depending on the end goal. However, a good or ideal conversion rate is one that grows steadily.

What is CRO?

Besides being an excellent marketing strategy for revenue maximization, CRO is also an efficient way to improve the experience of the users every time they visit your website. An optimized site essentially means that it delivers the appropriate information, while the users can conveniently navigate through it. As a result, a well-optimized website will convert a high percentage of visitors into subscribers or customers.

Optimizing conversion rates requires data and subsequent application of Conversion Rate Optimization strategies. Some of these CRO strategies as well as Conversion Rate Optimization best practices will be discussed in the later sections. Learn CRO and other things about digital marketing in our digital marketing ultimate guide

A step-by-step guide to the CRO process

Step 1: Research phase 

This includes understanding visitor behavior, analyzing their activities on the website, and how the different page features are influencing their behavior. Additionally, this step involves understanding the psychology of the customers through reviews, testimonials, in-person interviews, and following established guidelines based on case studies. 

Step 2: Hypothesis phase 

This phase involves the building of a well-defined hypothesis using the data gathered in the research phase. It begins with forming a hypothesis, stating the data-backed hypothesis, and, finally, running the CRO test by either testing an entirely different page or by altering a few elements of the page. Testing methods are available depending on the path you choose.

Step 3: Prioritization phase

Out of several available frameworks, the PIE framework is the most recommended. It begins with identifying the worst performing pages that can be improved, followed by narrowing down the pages with the most valuable traffic. Form the closed down list of pages, begin with the page that can be most easily optimized, and then work your way up the list.

Step 4: Testing phase 

Before running tests, make sure that you understand the basics such as statistical significance, the duration for which you should run a test, and which testing method you should apply. Defining a test run-time is essential since conversion rates are subject to constant change during the test run due to the continuous inclusion of visitors in the test. Finally, depending upon your goals, wisely choose one of three testing methods – A/B, Split or Multivariate.

Step 5: Learning phase 

Depending on whether your variation has lost the test or won it, you can wind-up the CRO process, draw conclusions, and note down the information that could be valuable for future testing.

Read more: 32 Marketing Ideas from a Marketing Growth-a-thon

Top 10 CRO strategies

In this section, we will briefly discuss some of the top Conversion Rate Optimization strategies:

1. A simple, clutter-free, and airy design-thinking in content marketing should be the focus while optimizing the landing page. The users should be able to focus on the content and product descriptions.

2. Use bright and catchy headlines and include persuasive writing content.

3. Influence your customers by convincing them that they might be missing out if they don’t pursue action within a specified time; you can give exclusive offers for a short duration or state how long before the product runs out of stock.

4. Social proofs such as reviews, celebrity endorsements, and testimonials are equally effective in persuading customers.

5. Bigger and high-quality images of products and short, exciting videos to explain your product specifications can significantly boost your conversion. 

6. Besides explaining your products, you should also highlight the must-have experiences and elements so that the users know why they should buy your product. 

7. The “Add to cart” and “Buy Now” elements can be made more prominent and catchy for a smooth checkout experience.

8. Maintain low bounce and exit rates. One way to do this is to focus on the mobile experience of the website.

9. Apply “Exit Intent” and pop discount offers or sign-up requests only when the user behavior suggests that they are ready to exit the site.

10. Use Analytics tools such as Google Analytics for tracking the product performance, monitoring bounce rates, analyzing landing page reports, and more.

Read: 17 Essential Digital Marketing Skills which will help you Rock

Conversion Rate Optimization best practices

Here is a brief list of some of the Conversion Rate Optimization best practices that will help you to channel your time, efforts, and resources effectively, into the CRO process:

  • There is no universal recipe for effective CRO. Base your strategies on the gathered data that reflects visitor and customer behavior.
  • Understand what your users want, their expectations, and the market demands.
  • Make sure that your website content is unique and matches your business goals and focus on the USP of your brand.
  • Instead of making small tests, go for bigger tests that are more significant and impactful on the conversion rate.

Read: Most in Demand Digital Marketing Roles in India – upGrad

  • Interact with your customers via surveys and interviews.
  • Avoid running multiple tests and pop-ups simultaneously on the same page.
  • It would be best if you didn’t try to copy your competitors’ website since there is no guarantee that their strategy will work for your visitors.

Best Digital Marketing Courses Online


After revenue, reasonable conversion rates are undoubtedly the next important indicator of your business success. In addition to knowing the CRO process, you should have robust Conversion Rate Optimization strategies that will increase the percentage of website visitors converting into paying customers. Adopt Conversion Rate Optimization best practices and drive your business towards growth!

If you wish to explore and become an expert in Digital Marketing, check out MICA and upGrad’s Advanced Certificate in Digital Marketing & Communication. Become an expert in social media marketing, content marketing, branding, marketing analysis and PR.

In-demand Digital Marketing Skills

Ads of upGrad blog

upGrad’s Exclusive Digital Marketing Webinar for you –

What’s new in Marketing?

Digital Marketing Free courses to Learn

Popular Digital Marketing Blogs


Kamal Jacob

Blog Author
Kamal is an experienced Online marketing consultant with a high degree of expertise in SEO, Web Analytics, Content/Technical planning and marketing.
Get Free Consultation

Select Course
By tapping submit, you agree to  UpGrad's Terms & Conditions

Our Popular Digital Marketing Course

1What is Conversion Rate Optimization?
CRO is the process that you follow to make your website or marketing piece more conversion oriented. This basically means that you are trying to get more conversions. For example, if you are doing a paid campaign and sending traffic to a landing page. At present, you may be getting 10 leads a week. CRO helps in increasing that to 20 leads a week.
2How can Google Optimize be used for CRO?
Be is a tailor-made communication at checkout or via a completely designed homepage, Google Optimize

Whether it is a custom-tailored message at your checkout or a thoroughly revised homepage, Google Optimize reveals to you which site experiences engage your users the most. It also gives you the solutions you need to deliver those experiences across your site. You can test variations of your web pages, landing pages, and overall web content with Google Optimize.

Google Optimize has native integration with Google Analytics, making it easy to see what is going on and see the impact of your optimizations.
3 What is CRO Marketing?
CRO marketing involves outlining a process oriented methodology that helps in the growth of visitor percentage to the website whilst driving them to take the desired action. These can be a lot of different types of activities that include subscribing to a mailing list, filling out a specific form, or registering for a seminar.

The key reason why businesses should invest in CRO marketing is that it converts leads. It costs a lot of time and resources to get traffic to a website. This could be either via social media, paid campaigns, or SEO efforts. These are significant investments, but they are a total waste of resources if after users get to the website, they are not converting into leads or customers. This is where CRO marketing plays a vital role.

Suggested Blogs

Top 32 Tools Every Successful Digital Marketer Uses
In the last few years, the digital marketing has grown leaps and bounds. Whether it’s a large established company, small and medium enterprises
Read More

by Anshuman Agrahari

25 Apr 2023

How to Use Pinterest For Marketing? 3 Actionable Steps You Can Start Following Now
No marketer doubts the power of social media platforms and their influence when it comes to successfully running a business. However, while Facebook,
Read More

by Sriram

02 Apr 2023

Top 12 Benefits of Social Media in the Digital Era
The fact that social media has become an integral part of modern existence is indisputable. The benefits of social media have gone beyond what was pre
Read More

by Kamal Jacob

02 Apr 2023

Digital Marketing Free Online Course with Certification [2023]
Want to learn digital marketing free but don’t know where to start? You’ve come to the right place because we have launched our digital marketing free
Read More

by Kamal Jacob

01 Apr 2023

Digital Marketing Salary in India 2023 – Average to Highest
The digital marketing industry is searing hot with opportunities right now as every company and individual seeks to leave a digital impact on the humo
Read More

by Nitin Gurmukhani

01 Apr 2023

How Much Does YouTube Make in India? What Does YouTube Pay for Views?
YouTube Monetisation: How Much Money do Indian Creators Make? The world is rapidly moving towards online visual content, and engaging video content i
Read More

by Robin Joseph Abraham

01 Apr 2023

The Evolution of Digital Marketing
‘Evolution’ has been and will always be a mammoth term to properly describe. This is especially true in the case of Digital evolution. So many things
Read More

by Hitesh Motwani

30 Mar 2023

A Thorough Analysis of the Digital Marketing Role in 2023
We are all waiting for a technological revolution that will bring us self-driven cars, air touch technology, cloning or even bionic eye, but none of u
Read More

by Maithili Pradhan

30 Mar 2023

Does Digital Marketing Work for All Businesses? B2B and B2C?
Introduction The field of marketing has constantly been evolving. With the introduction of digital marketing, the landscape of advertising and market
Read More

by Nitin Gurmukhani

29 Mar 2023