JavaScript Vs. PHP: Difference between JavaScript and PHP

The comparison of Javascript vs. PHP is not entirely fair. The existence of both of these languages is very different; however, the way that JavaScript evolved now intersects the work that PHP was said to accomplish. To make things clear, JavaScript was the language that was created for just the development of the client’s end (front end). Whereas PHP was developed to handle the server-side or the backend of web development.

Due to recent developments in JavaScript (mainly the addition of Node.js), now JavaScript has gained the capability to run on the server. So. If you compare or find out the difference between javascript and PHP, you would have to compare their prowess in handling the backend or server-side scripting.

It is only fair just to compare the backend because PHP simply does not allow the users to actually write code to design the things on the webpage that the user would see and interact. Let us discuss the very detailed comparison of the two languages after we have learned more about each of them.

JavaScript

The sole purpose of creating JavaScript ack in 1995 was to create a language that would seamlessly integrate with the web browser and eliminate the need to re-compile code every time without any separate plugins. JavaScript had indeed grown and developed a lot from those early days of Netscape navigator and the time when it was called LiveScript instead of JavaScript.

The most notable change which was brought into the language was the addition of Node.js. With Node.js, JavaScript gained an additional functionality of being able to run even on the server, thus making this an ideal choice for full-stack development. However, JavaScript has not strayed far away from its root. It still is a high level, multi-purpose, and a programming language that is dynamic in nature.

The statics shows that JavaScript is by far the most widely used language among the developers. With over 69% of the developer worldwide using this language for their needs and over 5% of people to adopt this language, JavaScript has been blessed with a strong community to back it up and. 

Read: Javascript Project Ideas & Topics

PHP

The full form of PHP is Hypertext Preprocessor. PHP is the open-source language that was created in the year of 1994 by the developer named Rasmus Lerdorf, with the sole aim to handle the development of backed and server-side scripting. Since its release, PHP has grown since then and is globally recognized for its capacity to develop the backend.

A recent survey conducted by W3Tech showed that almost 79% of the developed websites are based out of PHP. Meaning PHP is behind the development of about 79% of all the websites currently hosted on the World Wide Web. Even the websites widely used and regarded by their fans, like Facebook, Wikipedia, and even WordPress, also use PHP in their respective websites.

Read: PHP Project Ideas & Topics

Difference between javascript and PHP

Now that we have seen what these two programming languages do and what are the reason that led to the creation of the two, the time is potent to discuss their differences by pitting them head to head. (As already mentioned, the comparison would be based on just their capacity to handle server-side scripting):

Differences in the two languages’ speed and performances

 The main distinguishing factor that makes JavaScript unique from other languages is the model that it is based upon. This language follows a non-blocking and an event-driven Input-Output model, which runs in the clusters of nodes by creating an event loop. Also, this programming language’s very nature is asynchronous, meaning the entire code that is written can be executed at one time.

Just because of this same feature in the environment where the ping and latency are very low, Node.js outshines itself. It makes the entire application faster, and because of the V8 chrome engine that Node.js is based on, the server’s stability and connection to the server are all but guaranteed.

Whereas PHP also follows the multi-threading and the non-blocking model for input and output but, PHP is actually synchronous in nature. Meaning the interpreter of this language goes line by line; thus, the third line’s code cannot be executed before the code of the second line runs. This makes PHP very slow when you compare it with the speed at which the code is written in JavaScript runs. Where PHP lacks in speed, it tries to make that up in the department of stability. The fact of stability is, however, not proven yet. 

Differences in the community backing the two languages

 In the words of Stackshare.io, the reason behind the mass popularity if JavaScript is because of the fact that the use of it is universal. Now that JavaScript can be used to write both from and back end, more full-stack developers would pick this language up. One fascinating thing to note here is that while most of the frameworks which are based on the language of JavaScript are open source in nature.

In contrast, the language itself is not. Yes, JavaScript is not an open-source language. Hence it is very ironic to see the majority of GitHub, which is the haven of open source code to be dominated by the language of JavaScript.

Stackshare.io says that the thing that the PHP community loved the most is the open-source and the ease of deployment of the language. The major players who use PHP are Facebook, Lyft, Wikipedia, and even the social media sensation 9GAG.

The open-source nature of PHP allows it to be more malleable than vanilla JavaScript. On GitHub, PHP scores a very respectable 8th position in terms of popularity (Popularity is calculated by mostly weighing in the number of pull requests on the respective GitHub pages of these languages).

Learning Curve

It will take a person less time and effort to come to terms with the syntax and PHP peculiarities. With just a few words of code, you can get the server up and running. The return values and the inconstancies present throughout PHP’s language are much simpler to understand and digest.

Setting up camp and making Node.js up and running on the server is not a particularly demanding task. With that being said, a beginner JavaScript developer must have more knowledge than what a PHP developer on the same level must have to get the most out of the language.

Like most things in life, the efforts you put in, the hours of debugging, and understanding JavaScript’s peculiarities would pay off its dividend quite handsomely. The main reason behind that is the universal nature of JavaScript.

So, in JavaScript vs. PHP, it is recommended that you stick with PHP if you either lack the time or the will to plow through a more challenging language. Whereas, if you have time and you are dedicated enough, it is recommended that you stick with JavaScript because it will provide you with a greater return later.

Also Read: JavaScript vs JQuery: Difference Between JavaScript and JQuery

Conclusion

At the very end, we would definitely say that in the battle of JavaScript vs. PHP. JavaScript takes the competition very easily. JavaScript offers more value overall, and the efforts that you put in obviously feel more rewarded. However, the difference between javascript and PHP cannot be concluded without the response of the user. Meaning, everything boils down to personal preference and project requirements. You will find the best use cases of both the languages listed below:

Go with Node.js if:

  1. You are developing just a one-page application.
  2. You would like to develop a streaming service (much like Netflix).
  3. If the data load on your project is going to be very heavy.
  4. If you are building frontend.

Go with PHP if:

  1. You would like to flex out a good idea for blogging or an e-commerce website.
  2. If you happen to be using LAMP-based technologies, sticking with PHP is your safest bet.

If you’re interested to learn more about Java, full-stack software development, check out upGrad & IIIT-B’s PG Diploma in Full-stack Software Development which is designed for working professionals and offers 500+ hours of rigorous training, 9+ projects, and assignments, IIIT-B Alumni status, practical hands-on capstone projects & job assistance with top firms.

Land on Your Dream Job

UPGRAD AND IIIT-BANGALORE'S PG DIPLOMA IN SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT
Enroll Now @ upGrad

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

×