Ever since the Industrial Revolution back in the 20th century, the Technological Revolution has been the biggest game-changer for the entire human race.
When Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone, he never would’ve imagined how Apple would present an alternative that had only 1 button. Nor would Time Berners Lee have imagined that the internet could actually be the source of income for so many people worldwide. Truly, technology and both its pros and cons have quickly changed and redefined the present human race.
But man’s curiosity is not yet satisfied. There are still new horizons to touch and new limitations to be broken. 2019 was another year that was a witness to this never-ending curiosity. Many new technologies were tested while others were refined. As the year draws to a close, here’s a roundup of the top 10 trending technologies of 2019.
Top 9 Trending Technologies of 2019
One of the children of artificial intelligence, machine learning has been a hot technology that’s underwent lots of refinement. Through machine learning, computers perform tasks that they aren’t programmed to do. This happens through pattern discovery and insight generation. Two learning methods- supervised and unsupervised- are adopted.
By 2022, the machine learning market is expected to grow to $8.81 billion. Machine learning professionals are in great demand in almost every industry. They are useful in data mining, data protection, data analytics, real-time ads, search results among other things.
Blockchain was another technology that revolutionized almost every domain it touched. Technology, security, and finance were the top ones here. Blockchain is a digital ledger that records every transaction ever done. You cannot take away or change anything there. Blockchain is decentralized but also encrypted which means there is no governing authority to direct matters.
IBM, FedEx, Mastercard, and Walmart are continuing to invest in Blockchain despite what the naysayers say. If all goes well, then Facebook will also release its own Blockchain-based cryptocurrency, Libra. This will further contribute to making Blockchain a more mainstream topic. The huge difference in salary for software specialists with and without blockchain expertise forcing software professionals to learn and adapt blockchain technology which makes blockchain courses one of the hottest in the industry right now.
When one thought of AI assistants in the past, one imagined robot-like entities which could be commanded around the house/ office. Now, these assistants have become so woven into everyday life that it’s become difficult to distinguish whether one is speaking to a human or a bot at the other end. Not to mention, most personalization technologies are actually AI assistants since they work to better the user experience through personalization.
Amazon’s Alexa and Apple’s Siri have seen massive success and enthusiastic adoption. Due to them, people will begin to rely more on AI assistants for daily routine tasks. Scientists and researchers are already working to personalize these assistants further. Speech recognition, natural language processing, etc. are being worked upon to increase the potency of these assistants.
Technology fueled healthcare
Increasingly, companies in the health industry are adopting technologies that improve the quality of patient care. This happens right from the diagnosis stage to the time the patient has departed from the hospital and is now at home after a long treatment. Again, AI and personalization have made so much of this possible.
Telemedicine will make it easy for doctors and patients to communicate. Chatbot technology will allow patients to submit their cases as soon as possible while allowing doctors to maintain easily manageable digital records.
AI applications will also improve the accuracy and speed of disease diagnosis. Precision medicine will then be used to precisely prescribe treatments and medicines. The data will point to how effective the prescriptions will be.
Biomedical electronics and equipment will also occupy an important space. The quality of bionics and prosthetics will improve as will the speed of their manufacture.
The expansion of computer vision
Once upon a time, computer vision meant only VR. VR or virtual reality masked your current immediate reality with another pre-designed version of it. You need glasses to be able to access this reality, though.
Scientists have now removed the hassle of wearing glasses and headsets. With AR or augmented reality, none of the extra gear is needed. This makes it easy to be deployed on mobile phones and tablets. The programmed reality neatly marries the one on your device.
As technology continues to become more democratic and accessible, the question of cybersecurity will become large. As people’s ease of accessing the internet increases, so will the need for more robust security systems and processes.
Currently, so many organizations face insider threats from their own company or industry. As such, the need for cybersecurity jobs is growing three times faster. But, as often happens, the demand does not match up to the supply. Which is why the experts predict that by 2021, there will be 3.5 million unfulfilled cybersecurity jobs.
Internet of Things (IoT)
IoT is the technology that enables the connectivity and ease that so many of us associate with an internet connection these days. Due to IoT, cars, home appliances, personal devices, etc. can all be connected and accessed by a person if only they have a WiFi connection. Seeing how useful it is, the number of IoT devices is expected to reach 30 billion by 2020.
Not only does IoT provide tangible benefits to people (being able to lock doors remotely; track fitness on Fitbits, etc.) but it also helps businesses to capture market segments more thoroughly. Businesses can create more safety and efficiency, improve customer experience, and enable predictive maintenance.
With 5G networks, one can welcome speed and stability at the same time. Fast downloads and uncompromised connections will become the norm. As of now, though, the 5G data networks remain expensive and limited to major cities. By 2020, however, 5G connections are likely to become affordable and expand to new areas.
The benefits of 5G are not limited to fast video streaming and movie downloads only. For commercial and scientific purposes, 5G networks will be able to quickly gather more data. Robots, machines, smart devices, smart vehicles- each of them will be able to function well at all times.
Cloud computing is more or less a household name now. A lot of organizations have already transitioned to the cloud, seeing it as a cheaper alternative to the expensive software and hardware they need to buy for their business needs.
Now, businesses have moved to tackle the challenges presented by this possibility. Insider attacks are one as are security threats. After inculcation, it’s time now for refinement.
The above 9 technologies are not the only innovations happening. Within them is a well of possibility that researchers are continuing to explore. Many new ideas and technologies will spring from these and other totally unfamiliar ones will also be discovered. No matter their type or how they change the world, these technologies stand testament to the intelligence and curiosity of the human race.
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